KS_CSP_Enhancements by yaoyufang


Stewardship Program


                        Dean Krehbiel
              Resource Conservationist
       Purpose of enhancements

• Provide additionally

• Improve the level of stewardship on the farm

• Address specific resource concerns
CSP enhancements are intended to be
       those activities that:
• Not typically used in a system to meet the resource quality
  criteria, but are used to further "enhance" the treatment of
  the resource concern(s).
• Applied above minimum criteria for a conservation practice to
  further enhance treatment of a resource concern(s).
• Are not typically applied through Environmental Quality
  Incentives Program, Wildlife Habitat Incentives
     Why national enhancements?

• Consistency nationwide
• Focused on specific resource concerns
• Workload
  • Timeliness
  • Payment schedules
• Impact on Conservation Measurement Tool (CMT) and the
  ranking process
  What is the benefit to the farmer for
        doing enhancements?

• Improve farming operation and resource condition of the land
• Environmental benefit of enhancements chosen determine
  conservation performance points they receive
• Greater conservation performance level
  • Higher ranking
  • Higher payment
Environmental benefit of enhancements
• Each enhancement has been scored for environmental
• Conservation Practices Physical Effects (CPPE) scoring
  -5 to +5
   • A subset of full suite of resource concerns
   • 7 macro resource concerns + energy
   • Further broken down totaling 27 component resource
• Some enhancements affect many resources others very few
• Some enhancements apply to multiple land uses others only
  one land use
       How does this environmental
             scoring work?

• After the applicant has gone through the CMT resource
  inventory questions and met the stewardship threshold
  requirements, they have the opportunity to choose
• Based on how they answered questions in the CMT, a list of
  enhancements are displayed
       How does this environmental
             scoring work?

• The enhancements available to an applicant are based on
  land uses
• Whether the enhancement is applicable to an operation
       How does this environmental
             scoring work?

• The applicant chooses enhancements
  • Before deciding on an enhancement, they should review
    the job sheet for the enhancement
  • The job sheet will provide the details for implementation
       How does this environmental
             scoring work?

• The applicant schedules the enhancement
   • They must enter the amount applicable
      • This is important
  • See the Activity List for Planners for guidance
     • Handout
       How does this environmental
             scoring work?

• CMT determines a score for the enhancement
• This is based on the environmental good of the enhancement
  and how much of the applicable amount is scheduled and
• CMT totals up the scores from the enhancements
• This score helps determine the ranking and payment a
  producer will receive
    What kinds of enhancements are
• A total of 83 enhancements
   • Includes the resource conserving crop rotation activity,
      research and demonstrations, and pilots
• Where did all these enhancements come from?
  • Old CSP signups
  • State Resource Conservationists (SRCs) and program
    people around the country
  • Out-of-the-box thinking from National Technology Support
    Center (NTSC) specialists
  • Tried to be inclusive of organic farming, specialty crops,
    and forestry
Enhancements cover 7 major resource
      concern areas + energy

• Air
• Animal (livestock & wildlife)
• Energy
• Plants
• Soil erosion
• Soil quality
• Water quality
• Water quantity
          Not all enhancements are
                created equal

• Some enhancements score significantly higher than others
• The two highest scoring enhancements on crop land:
   • Continuous cover crops
   • Continuous No-Till
    State developed supplemental
   information for several activities

Kansas Supplements
• 36 enhancements
• Will be available on Kansas CSP web page

• Each enhancement requires documentation by the participant
• Requirements are listed in the job sheet
• It is not expected that participants will turn in this information
  each year
   • Have it available for spot checks
 Implementation of an enhancement

• Most enhancements are applied as systems
  • Participant will be asked how many acres it applies to
• A few enhancements will be the actual number of something
   • Examples include:
      • ANM04 - Extend Existing Filter Strips for Water Quality
        Protection and Wildlife
      • WQT 03 - Irrigation Pumping Plant Evaluation
      • PLT 01 - Establish Pollinator Habitat
   Air Quality Enhancement Activities
• AIR 01   Injecting or Incorporating Manure
• AIR 02   Nitrification Inhibitors for Nitrous Oxide Control
• AIR 03* Replace Burning of Pruning's, Removals, and other
          Crop Residues with Non-burning Alternatives
• AIR 04   Use Drift-reducing Nozzles, Low Pressures, Lower
           Boom Height, and Adjuvants to Reduce Pesticide
• AIR 05   Dust Control on Unpaved Roads and Surfaces
• AIR 06* Replacing Oil and Wood-fired Heaters in Orchards
          and Vineyards
• AIR 07   GPS-Targeted Spray Applications
     Animals Enhancement Activities

• ANM 01 Drainage Water Management for Seasonal Wildlife
• ANM 02 Defer Crop Production on Temporary and Seasonal
• ANM 03 Revision of ANM03 to Increase % of Native
         Grasses/Legumes for Forage Base
• ANM 04 Extend Existing Filter Strips for Water Quality
         Protection and Wildlife Habitat
• ANM 05 Extending Riparian Forest Buffers for Water Quality
         Protection and Wildlife Habitat
     Animals Enhancement Activities

• ANM 06 Extending Existing Riparian Herbaceous Cover for
         Water Quality Protection and Wildlife Habitat
• ANM 07 Extending Existing Field Borders for Water Quality
         Protection and Wildlife Habitat
• ANM 08 Improve the Plant Diversity and Structure of Non-
         Cropped Areas for Wildlife Food and Habitat
• ANM 09 Grazing Management to Improve Wildlife Habitat
• ANM 10 Harvest Hay to Allow Wildlife Escape
     Animals Enhancement Activities

• ANM 11 Patch Burning to Enhance Wildlife Habitat
• ANM 12 Shallow Water Habitat
• ANM 13 Non-Forested Riparian Zone Enhancement for Fish
         and Wildlife
• ANM 14 Riparian Forest Buffer, Terrestrial, and Aquatic
         Wildlife Habitat
• ANM 15 Forest Stand Improvement for Habitat and Soil
   Animals Enhancement Activities
• ANM 16 Harvesting Crops Using a Stripper Header
• ANM 17 Monitoring nutritional status of livestock using the
         NUTBAL PRO System
• ANM 18 Retrofit Watering Facilities for Wildlife Escape
• ANM 19 Wildlife Corridors
• ANM 20 Silvopasture for Wildlife Habitat
• ANM 21 Prairie Reconstruction for Grazing and Wildlife
• ANM 22 Restoration of Rare and Declining Habitats (NEW)
• ANM 23 Multi-species Native Perennials for Bio-
         mass/Wildlife Habitat
     Energy Enhancement Activities

• ENR 01 Fuel Use Reduction for Field Operations
• ENR 02 Solar Powered Electric Fence Charging Systems
• ENR 03 Pumping Plant Powered by Renewable Energy
• ENR 04 Recycle 100% of Farm Lubricants
• ENR 05 Locally Grown and Marketed Farm Products
       Plant Enhancement Activities
• PLT 01   Establish Pollinator Habitat
• PLT 02   Monitor Key Grazing Areas to Improve Management
• PLT 03   Forest Stand Improvement Pre-Treating Vegetation
           and Fuels
• PLT 04   Prescribed Burning
• PLT 05* Multi-Story Cropping, Sustainable Management of
          Non-timber Forest Plants
      Plant Enhancement Activities
• PLT 06   Renovation of a Windbreak or Shelterbelt for
           Wildlife Habitat
• PLT 07   Advanced Intensive Rotational Grazing
• PLT 08   Conversion of Cropped Land to Grass-based
           Agriculture for Bio-mass Production, Forage
           Production, and/or Wildlife Habitat
• PLT 09   Beneficial Species for Pest Management Habitat
• PLT 10   Intensive Management of Rotational Grazing
 Soil Erosion Enhancement Activities

• SOE 01 Continuous No-Till
• SOE 02 Protection of Cultural Resources
• SOE 03* Organic Continuous No-Till

  Soil Quality Enhancement Activities

• SQL 01 Controlled Traffic Systems
• SQL 02 Continuous Cover Crops
• SQL 03* Drainage Water Management for Nutrient,
          Pathogen, or Pesticide Reduction
• SQL 04 Use of Cover Crop Mixes
• SQL 05 Use of Deep Rooted Crops to Break Up Soil
• SQL 06 Conversion of cropped land to grass-based
• CCR 99 Resource Conserving Crop Rotation
Water Quality Enhancement Activities

• WQL 01 Biological Suppression and Other Non-chemical
         Techniques to Manage Brush
• WQL 02 BIOLOGICAL Suppression and Other Non-
         Chemical Techniques to Manage Herbaceous
• WQL 03 Rotation of Supplement and Feeding Areas
• WQL 04* Stalk or Leaf Tissue Tests for N Application
• WQL 05 Apply Nutrients No More than 30 Days Prior to
         Planned Practice Planting Date
Water Quality Enhancement Activities

• WQL 06 Apply Controlled Release Nitrogen Fertilizer
• WQL 07 Split Nitrogen Applications, 50% After Crop
• WQL 08* Apply Split Applications of Nitrogen Based on a Pre-
          Sidedress Nitrogen Test on Cropland
• WQL 09 Apply Phosphorous Fertilizer Below the Soil Surface
• WQL 10 Plant an Annual Grass-Type Cover Crop that will
         Scavenge Residual Nitrogen
Water Quality Enhancement Activities

• WQL 11 Precision Application Technology to Apply Nutrients
• WQL 12 Managing Livestock Access to Water
• WQL 13 High Level Integrated Pest Management to Reduce
         Pesticide Environmental Risk
• WQL 14 Land Application of Treated Manure
• WQL 15 Reduce the Concentration of Nutrients on Farm by
         Limiting the Amount of Feed and Fertilizer Brought
         on Livestock Farms
Water Quality Enhancement Activities

• WQL 16 Use of Legume Cover Crops as a Nitrogen Source
• WQL 17 Use of Non-Chemical Methods to Kill Cover Crops
• WQL 18* Non-chemical pest control for livestock
• WQL 19 Transition to organic grazing systems
• WQL 20 Transition to organic cropping systems
• WQL 21 High level IPM for organic production
Water Quantity Enhancement Activities

• WQT 01 Irrigation System Automation
• WQT 02 Mulching for Moisture Conservation
• WQT 03 Irrigation Pumping Plant Evaluation
• WQT 04 Regional Weather Networks for Irrigation
• WQT 05 Remote Monitoring and Notification of Irrigation
         Pumping Plant Operations
                   Other Enhancements

• FRD 01*        On Farm Research and Demonstrations

• FPP 02*        On Farm Pilot Projects

 * NOTE: Enhancements identified in YELLOW and starred (*) have been
 de-emphasized in Kansas
   – Lack technology to support implementation
   – Other technologies are available to to improve resource conditions
   – Don’t apply in Kansas
Let’s look at a couple of enhancements

• Each job sheet has a consistent format
   • Enhancement description
   • Land use
   • Benefits
   • Criteria
   • Documentation requirements

                        SEE EXAMPLES
             Multiple Enhancements

• As a general rule, for any enhancement that is a structural
  practice or has a physical footprint on the ground, it will be the
  only enhancement that can take place on the footprint of that
• For some management enhancements it is possible to
  implement more than one enhancement on the same acreage
  as long as they do not have duplicate environmental benefits
• See Enhancement Compatibility handout
  Where to go:

National Enhancements are located at:

State Supplements will be located on the Kansas CSP web
   Resource-Conserving Crop
Rotation – Supplemental Payment
        Activity – CCR99

                          Lyle D. Frees
             Natural Resource Specialist
    Resource-Conserving Crop Rotation
    (RCCR) Purpose
• A crop rotation that includes at least one resource conserving
• Reduces wind and water erosion
• Increases soil organic matter
• Improves soil fertility and tilth
• Interrupts pest cycles
• Reduces depletion of soil moisture or reduce the need for
  irrigation in applicable areas
• May provide protection and habitat for pollinators
Resource Conserving Crop - Definition

• A perennial grass, legume, or grass/legume grown for use as
  forage, seed for planting, or green manure
• A high residue producing crop
• A cover crop following an annual crop
           RCCR “General” Criteria

• The rotation shall cover at least 3 years of the CSP contract
• The RCCR is considered adopted when the resource
  conserving crop is planted on at least 1/3 of the rotation
  acres. The resource conserving crop must be adopted by the
  third year of the contract and planted on all rotation acres
  prior to the fifth year of the contract.
                     RCCR Criteria

•   A minimum of two crops if one of the crops is a perennial
    lasting at least 2 years, OR;
•   A minimum of 2 crops, if no perennial, with a cover crop (not
    harvested) following one of the crop years (no silage or crop
    residue removed from the system), this may include a
    summer fallow if seeded to a cover crop, OR;
•   A minimum of 3 crops, if no perennial, where at least 1/2 the
    rotation consists of high residue crops.
Wheat - Fallow is dominate rotation.
The addition of a second crop type
and a cover crop, or three crop types
may be difficult due to low precipitation.

Cover crops such as
Austrian winter pea,
sun hemp, chick peas,
mung bean, hairy vetch, and
oil seed radish are used
in the east part of the area
 Continuous Wheat is dominate rotation
 Sorghum, wheat, and soybeans are
 grown in this area of Kansas

Cover crops such as Austrian
winter pea, sun hemp, chick peas,
mung bean, hairy vetch, and oil
seed radish are used
       Corn – Soybeans is dominate crop

       Wheat – sorghum – soybean is
       dominate crop rotation

Cover crops such as Red Clover,
lespedeza, and cereal rye are currently
used in the rotation
• Refer to nationally-developed
  enhancement and Kansas supplement
  Using Practices in the
Conservation Stewardship

                           Dean Krehbiel
                 Resource Conservationist

                   Two Situations

• Meet stewardship threshold requirement
  • Priority resource concern by end of contract
• To address an additional resource concern
   • To improve conservation performance ranking score and
     payment points
                   Field Verification
• Priority Resource Concern
   • Practice agreed to is adequate
   • If not, additional practice(s) may be needed
• If additional practices are needed
   • Consider practice offered through CSP
   • Applicant agrees to do on their own or through other
   • Application is ineligible if they don’t agree to install practice
Practices to meet additional Stewardship Threshold
            (Use professional judgment)

Practice is adequate             Proceed to develop Stewardship
                                 plan and contract

Planned Practice is not          •Remove practice from CMT
adequate                         •Uncheck the resource concern
                                 •Re-submit to ProTracts
Resource problem already         •Remove practice from CMT
addressed (existing CMT          •Answer the existing questions
question answered incorrectly)   correctly
                                 •Re-submit to ProTracts
NRCS Identify Appropriate Condition

             Application is ineligible consistent with
             440-CPM, Part 508, Section 508.109. See
             440-CPM, Part 512, Section 512.55F for
             policy on requesting OIG investigation

             Application is ineligible consistent with
             440-CPM, Part 508, Section 508.109. See
             440-CPM, Part 512, Section 512.55F for
             policy on requesting OIG investigation

• Again, practices are used by CSP participants to meet the
  basic requirements for additional resource concerns
   • Whereas; enhancements are intended to go beyond the
     basic requirements

• CSP offers a limited suite of practices for this purpose
• Participants will receive ranking points for implementing these
• CSP practices are scored in a similar manner to
  enhancements (-5 to +5)

• 314 - Brush Management
• 328 - Conservation Crop Rotation
• 329 - Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip
       Till/Direct Seed
• 338 - Prescribed Burning
• 340 - Cover Crop
• 342 - Critical Area Planting
• 344 - Residue Management, Seasonal
• 345 - Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till
• 346 - Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till
• 380 - Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment
• 383 – Fuel Break
• 384 - Forest Slash Treatment
• 386 - Field Border
• 390 - Riparian Herbaceous Cover
• 391 - Riparian Forest Buffer
• 393 - Filter Strip
• 394 – Firebreak
• 395 - Stream Habitat Improvement and Management
• 449 - Irrigation Water Management
• 511 - Forage Harvest Management
• 512 - Pasture and Hay Planting
• 528 - Prescribed Grazing
• 550 - Range Planting
• 612 - Tree/Shrub Establishment
• 643 - Restoration and Management of Rare and Declining
• 644 - Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management
• 645 - Upland Wildlife Habitat Management
• 647 - Early Successional Habitat Development/Management
• 650 - Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation
• 654 - Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment
• 655 - Forest Trails and Landings
• 660 - Tree/Shrub Pruning
• 666 - Forest Stand Improvement

• As a general rule, practices and enhancements that have a
  similar purpose should not be used on the same acreage at
  the same time.
   • For example, Practice 329 and Enhancement SOE 01

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