Docstoc

pro22_jsc_crp

Document Sample
pro22_jsc_crp Powered By Docstoc
					Project proposal                                  1/Error! Unknown switch argument.



                                 SAVE Call for proposals 2002




                   Part II and III of the application form

                   BOILER SAVELEC
                   Characterisation and reduction of electrical consump-
                   tion of central heating systems and components:
                   Hybrid (RE) systems and other technical solutions to reduce the
                   consumption




BOILER SAVELEC                                        Error! Unknown switch argument.
                                                                2/Error! Unknown switch argument.



                 In the following,
                 RE = renewable energy
                 CH = Central Heating
                 PV = photovoltaic

                 1. Proposal summary
                 Central heating boilers primarily use gas, fuel oil or wood to produce heat
                 that is transferred into the house. The electricity consumption of CH sys-
                 tems has taken an increased importance these last years.
                 It is not rare to see that for many installations, more than 10% of the energy
                 balance, is used in electricity to run the components. The fact is that CH
                 heating installation are becoming, in a way, partly electric heating and this is
                 even more true when looking at the trend of having a decrease of the heat
                 demand due to better house insulation. In terms of primary energy or CO2
                 emissions or cost to the consumer across the EU the 10% above can be dou-
                 bled, since electricity is much more expensive than gas or oil and the CO2
                 emission factor for electricity (averaged across the EU) is also much higher.

                 There are about 5 million new boilers sold on EU market every year. The
                 overall electricity consumption of these boilers is estimated at 2500 GWh
                 (500 kWh per boiler as an average).

                 The appliances that fall under the scope of this project are all central heating boilers that
                 burn either gas, fuel oil, wood, coal and that are used for space heating alone or for com-
                 bined used of heating and hot water production.
                 MicroCHP is not directly in the scope of the proposal. But any other appliance using pump,
                 fans, electronics will, as a by-product, benefit from the work done in this project. Adapta-
                 tions may be needed for each specific application.


                 As an example, today‟s component technology already makes it possible to
                 decrease the pump consumption by a factor two or three. The main per-
                 ceived barrier to this new technology is the purchase price of circulation
                 pumps. The life cycle cost to the consumer for this technology is in many
                 cases already cost-effective.

                 In some instances, it is not new components that are needed. Sometimes
                 only an adapted setting of the component (after-run time or power required)



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                         3/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 would lead to substantial savings when the control of the components is
                 adapted.

                 The overall objective of the project is to initiate the decrease in electric con-
                 sumption of CH systems with several complementary actions:
                    the establishment of a method that makes a fair assessment of electricity
                     consumption possible in typical EU homes,
                    the information to the consumers and installers,
                    the establishment of a list of technological solutions for decreasing the
                     electric consumption and an evaluation of their effect,
                    the demonstration of a solution based on PV technology,
                    the assessment of various policy options and their impact on the overall
                     electricity consumption of domestic central heating systems in the EU.

                 A subsidiary objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of technologies that
                 can be used in remote areas far from the electricity net or in areas where the
                 electricity distribution is subject to problems.

                 The method developed will be used to inform the consumers (household-
                 ers and installers). The use of the Internet for dissemination of the results
                 is a part of the present project.
                 As a result of this project, boiler and component manufacturers are expected
                 to take other initiatives for decreasing the electric consumption of systems
                 and components (creation of a market demand during the information phase)

                 This proposal submitted under the SAVE programme aims at reducing the
                 electricity consumption of domestic central heating appliance in the EU. It
                 promotes, therefore, the EU policy SAVE Directive, Labelling directive,
                 Building directive, for the transfer of 'good practice' on RES and RUE, as
                 well as it encourages investment and facilitates the transition from demon-
                 stration to the market.
                 The proposal consortium comprises different actors from the industry that
                 are committing themselves to about 50% of their own co-financing.

                 The proposal had a significant impact at European level, the energy sav-
                 ings accrued will in a very short term cover the cost of the project.
                 European citizens and consumers will directly benefit from the action in
                 reducing their electricity consumption in the form of lower electricity bills.
                 The environment will benefit from lower emissions of greenhouse gases.



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                        4/Error! Unknown switch argument.



                 The dissemination and exploitation of results from the projects is guaran-
                 teed by the consortium composition; partners are indeed in a good position
                 to make direct use of the results towards various actions that are specified
                 further in the proposal.
                 The project falls under "Measure A1: Integrated Action on RES and RUE"
                 of the current SAVE programme (SAVE and ALTENER Calls 2001-
                 2002).

                 It consists in an integrated action that addresses issues, which are relevant to
                 the use of both RES (supply side) and RUE (demand side) at the same time.
                 The project will result in favourable market frameworks for both RES and
                 RUE.


                 The proposal falls under the following themes for RUE and RES Inte-
                 grated Actions (A1):
                 "Buildings with optimised energy saving and RES applications"




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                             5/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 2. Objectives of the proposed action

                 Project background
                 The electricity consumption of central heating systems has taken an in-
                 creased importance these last years. Central heating boilers use gas, fuel oil
                 or wood to produce heat that is transferred to the house in most of the cases
                 through radiators or convectors. The electric components on central heating
                 boilers are having some specific hydraulic or control functions, but are not
                 intended to participate in the heating of the house or the water. However, it
                 is not rare to see that for many installations more than 10% of the energy
                 balance is used by electricity to run the components. The fact is that central
                 heating installations are becoming, in a way, partly electric heating and this
                 is even truer when looking at the trend of having a decrease of the heat de-
                 mand due to better house insulation.

                 A recent workshop [1] on the issue has highlighted a number of problems.
                 Tests in Denmark have shown that some of the new boilers with very high
                 thermal efficiency, which include a circulator (pump), also have higher elec-
                 tricity consumption. Other boilers appear to have an oversized water circula-
                 tor (pump) with high electricity consumption, thereby replacing part of the
                 gas consumption by electricity. Similar tests in The Netherlands have shown
                 relatively high standby electricity consumption. An additional factor for this
                 relative increase in electricity consumption is the overall decrease in heat
                 demand due to building insulation regulation. As a result, the share of elec-
                 tricity in the energy balance of a domestic boiler can be up to 10 to 15% of
                 the annual energy consumption of gas or fuel oil!

                 The tests on 40 boilers in Denmark:
                 The nominal electrical power of the tested boilers is (with a few exceptions) between 100
                 and 150 W. The annual electricity consumption, however, varies from about 70-600 kWh.
                 The annual consumption depends in particular on the pump (if included within the boiler)
                 after-run time. With a continuously running pump, the annual electrical energy consump-
                 tion may be as high as 1000 kWh. This can be up to 20% of the total annual consumption of
                 a household



                 About 5 million new boilers are sold on the EU market every year. The
                 overall electricity consumption of these boilers is estimated at 2500 GWh
                 (500 kWh per boiler as an average).



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                             6/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 The pump technology makes it possible already today to decrease the pump
                 consumption by a factor two or three. Moreover, in some instances only a
                 change of setting of the component (after-run time or power required) would
                 lead to substantial savings when the control of the components is adapted.

                 However, the purchase price of the newer technology, despite lower life
                 cycle costs to the consumer in many cases, means that it has not yet pene-
                 trated the market.

                 This has arisen as too little attention has been given to electricity consump-
                 tion of central heating boilers and heating systems. Electricity is not taken in
                 consideration in the heat balance in the CEN standard dealing with effi-
                 ciency of central heating boilers.

                 As a result, the electricity consumption of the boilers can vary by a factor 8
                 to 1 according to a SAVE study in France ("Demand side management. End
                 use metering campaign in the residential sector" - SAVE Contract 4.1031-
                 93-58) [8].
                 Furthermore, the study demonstrates that the central heating boil-
                 ers/installations are among the five largest contributors to electricity bills.
                 The study concludes that for France only, 1 TWh/year could easily be saved
                 (for wall mounted boilers).
                 In Germany, initiatives have been taken to reduce the electricity consump-
                 tion of domestic appliances (as for example in the Blaue Engel label).

                 Examples of potential decrease of electricity consumption.
                  According to a recent SAVE study, the electrical energy consumption of circulator
                    pumps can be significantly reduced by control (speed adjustment, seasonal switch, con-
                    trol according to on-off frequency of boiler) or application of permanent magnet mo-
                    tors (PM motors). Compared to an uncontrolled circulator, the annual energy consump-
                    tion of a controlled circulator is about 35% lower, and that of a controlled circulator
                    with PM motor is approximately 70% lower. However, there are wider system design
                    factors which may limit the scope for autonomous control.
                  High electricity consumption might be typical for heating systems with radiator ther-
                    mostats. In most systems with radiator thermostats, the pump must be running continu-
                    ously. Some modern boilers, however, check the heat demand and, therefore, also al-
                    low for pump stops in heating systems with radiator thermostats
                  Fans within boilers may not always need to run at full power, and the trend for gas-air
                    modulating burners is accompanied by a reduction in fan power and should be encour-
                    aged, subject to certain conditions.
                  Some electrical components of heating systems are continuously energised when they
                    do not need to be (eg, motorised valves).
                  Integration of controls reduces the need for separate power supplies and clocks.


BOILER SAVELEC
                                                         7/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 An appropriate information system about the real electrical consump-
                 tion of central heating systems would help to change the present trend. At
                 present consumers (and installers and policy makers) are generally unaware
                 of the financial and environmental savings that are available if high thermal
                 efficiency, coupled with low electricity consuming boiler systems are cho-
                 sen.

                 In order to make this situation possible an information system is needed.
                 The labelling directive has already integrated the electricity consumption of
                 appliances; but today there is no harmonised method to assess the elec-
                 tricity consumption of installed heating systems. So this is the first task of
                 the project. There are pratical solutions to decrease the electricity consump-
                 tion. The optimum choice of component (choosing the ones having the low-
                 est energy consumption) is an obvious solution, but there are other effective
                 actions, as the control of the components. The various possibilities will be
                 investigated and the impact of each evaluated. RE is an alternative solution
                 that is also included in the project. It has the double advantage of saving
                 energy (by using free available source of energy) and allowing the installa-
                 tion to be run in remote areas (not covered by the electric netwerk). The last
                 part of the project will consist in an assessement of various strategies for
                 saving electricity and their impact.


                 Objective of the project
                 The overall objective of the project is to initiate the decrease in electric con-
                 sumption of central heating systems with several complementary actions:
                 1. the establishment of a method that makes a fair assessment of electricity
                    consumption possible in typical EU homes
                 2. the information for the consumers and other dissemination of the project
                    results
                 3. the establishment of a list of technological solutions for decreasing the
                    electric consumption and an evaluation of their effect
                 4. the demonstration of a solution based on PV technology
                 5. the assessment of various policy options and their impact on the overall
                    electricity consumption of domestic central heating systems in the EU

                 A subsidiary objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of technologies that
                 can be used in remote control far from the electricity net or in areas where
                 the electricity distribution is subject to problems.

                 The project is divided in the following phases or Working Packages:



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                         8/Error! Unknown switch argument.



                 1. Development of harmonised measurement method for electricity con-
                    sumption of domestic heating systems.
                 2. Design of an information system on the Internet, and other dissemina-
                    tion actions.
                 3. Paper work on the various possible solutions for reduction of electric
                    consumption of boilers and systems.
                 4. Practical demonstration with PV cells
                 5. Cost and impact analysis

                 Note that (1) includes the measurement of the state-of-the-art consumption
                 of installation all over Europe.


                 Concrete goals to achieve - in the short term and also in the longer term
                 In the short term (2,5 year) the project aims at:
                 1. establishing an harmonised method available for the estimation of elec-
                     tric consumption of appliances
                 2. creating an information system for the consumer and the installers about
                     the electricity consumption of boilers and heating systems on the market
                 3. creating an information system for the installers and manufacturers of
                     boilers about how to decrease the electricity consumption of boilers and
                     heating systems
                 4. demonstrating the feasibility of hybrid systems using photovoltaic cells.

                 In the long term the project aims to decrease significantly the electricity use
                 for the purpose of heating in central heating installations.


                 What specific barriers will be addressed and aimed to be removed with
                 the action?
                 In the first instance there is no real barrier, but a lack of emphasis on elec-
                 tricity consumption of systems for central heating appliances and systems.
                 Historically, electricity consumption was a minor issue. Now, it is not any-
                 more and for the consumer it means a lot, especially when considering the
                 energy prices (electricity is more expensive than fuel oil or gas). This pro-
                 ject will address the lack of a harmonised methodology and the lack of in-
                 formation to consumers and installers.


                 How the proposed action complements national or other Community
                 actions that are already underway, or are planned




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       9/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 The Commission (Committee on standards and technical regulations -
                 98/34) has recently issued a Mandate CEN/CENELEC for the elaboration
                 and adoption of standards for the definition and the measurement method
                 for the determination of stand-by losses of domestic appliances.(Doc
                 61/2000 en, 23 November 2000). The mandate stipulates that "common
                 standard(s) are required to ensure that appliances covered by the mandate
                 are measured on a comparable basis. This will require that existing stan-
                 dards are revised so as to ensure they provide measurement methods for
                 energy efficiency, which are representative, reproducible and which allows
                 method of checking whether sample appliances conform with declared val-
                 ues".

                 The mandate relates to the labelling directive 92/75/EEC and is quite spe-
                 cific about the appliances of concern:
                    Domestic boilers
                    Instantaneous and storage heaters and electric water heaters

                 According to the above-mentioned labelling directive (92/75), the electric
                 consumption of appliances is to be specified on the labelling sheet.

                 Several actions for decreasing the electricity consumption of domestic ap-
                 pliances are on going or planned in the EU. For example in Denmark, the
                 "Elsparefonden" was created in order to promote the saving of electricity. It
                 is a consequence of the liberalisation of the energy market where the energy
                 distributor has to take the role of "public service organisation". The funds
                 are raised through a tax on the energy price.
                 http://www.elsparefonden.dk/main.asp?page=tilskud_og_projekter/tilskud_
                 og_projekter.htm.
                 Also in Germany the blue Angel label used for many domestic applications,
                 including central heating, has included the electric consumption.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                                 10/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                      3. Expected results (direct outcomes) and potential impact of
                      the proposed action

                      Direct outcomes, energy savings and financial savings for the consum-
                      ers
                      It is estimated that 4-6 million boilers/year are sold in the EU. The average
                      electricity consumption for a central heating installation is between 500 and
                      1000 kWh per year (Danish estimation).
                      The actual installed stock (parc) of central heating installations is not pre-
                      cisely known, but, in any case, it is larger than 30 million units.

                      It is estimated that the effect of improving the technology component, the
                      optimisation of the control of the components and the replacement of some
                      traditional supply with renewables will reduce the actual consumption by a
                      factor of two or three. The simple information dissemination will have a
                      direct and immediate effect. Data from Germany indicates that most of the
                      installations are oversized by a factor of two or more.

                      So it is expected that average efficiency of the boilers can increase by at
                      least 1%, thus the total annual savings are calculated as follows:

               Size            Expected     Target         Actual      Electricity    Expected sav-
                               saving       popula-        consump- consumption ing
                                            tion           tion per    of the total
                                            (5 years)      unit        population
               Million         %            %              kWh         M kWh/yr       M kWh/yr
Existing parc 30               40           20             1000        30000          2400
New            6               60           60             500         3000           1080
installation
Total                          Saving, first year                                     3480 M kWh/yr
                               Electricity cost consumer                              1 EURO/10 kWh
                               Saving, first year, for the consumers                  348 mill. EURO


                      According to a SAVE study in France ("Demand side management. End use
                      metering campaign in the residential sector" SAVE Contract 4.1031-93-58)
                      [8] (for France only) 1 TWh/year could easily be saved (for wall mounted
                      boilers). This seems to indicate that our estimation above is very conserva-
                      tive and that expected savings can be even larger.



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      11/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 The saving will be effective after five years (estimated time needed for the
                 implementations), though some will be likely to occur early if some manu-
                 facturers will take early positive action.


                 Indirect outcomes, environmental impact and CO2 reduction, decreas-
                 ing of energy supply dependency
                 The energy savings and environmental impacts are directly linked. The elec-
                 tricity in the EU is mainly produced with fuel oil, gas or coal with a low
                 conversion efficiency. The environmental impact can be directly measured
                 in tonnes of CO2 emissions, but also in pollutants like CO, NOx or SO2 that
                 are produced during the combustion of the fossil fuels. In some countries, an
                 important part of the electricity production is based on nuclear power. In
                 those countries, there will also be a clear environmental impact. Moreover,
                 part of the production can be stopped with the effect of lowering the risks
                 and lowering the production of radioactive side products, though with a lib-
                 eralised EU market it will in the short term be fossil fuel that will be dis-
                 placed.

                 Using the same hypothesis of energy saving as given above, and with data
                 from a German study indicating a CO2 emission of about 0,7 kg of CO2 per
                 kWh (useful) at the consumer place, we have calculated a saving of 3480
                 million kWh for the first year, corresponding to a reduction of about 2,700
                 million t CO2. The EU annual average is 0.4kg CO2/kWh, which is higher in
                 winter, as is the marginal emissions factor.


                 Project deliverables
                 The project deliverables are as follows:
                    Report on the technical possibilities to reduce the electricity consump-
                     tion in central heating systems;
                    CEN technical document describing a method to measure and calculate
                     the electric consumption;
                    Website with information on boilers‟ electrical consumption and how to
                     decrease the consumption;
                    Workshop with the main actors;
                    Furthermore, there will be a detailed report by WP (see the detail of the
                     WP report under the WP detailed description;
                    Contractual deliverable: According to the model contract an interim re-
                     port (IR) will be provided after 70% of the work programme is com-
                     pleted. A final report (FR) will be provided at the end of the project



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      12/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                    (max. 2 months after the end of the project), and, finally, brief six-
                    monthly progress reports (PR) for the CORDIS database will be pro-
                    vided.

                 Strategic impact of the proposed project in terms of creation of new
                 market opportunities as well as on the transferability and the dissemi-
                 nation potential of the results in general
                 One of the aspects of the project is to reduce the electricity consumption of
                 some components of the heating systems and boilers, such as pumps and
                 fans. When considering the electricity consumption of the appliances and
                 systems (as a result of the information work of this project), the manufactur-
                 ers will be more keen to find the components that are optimised as far as
                 electricity consumption is concerned (there will be a market demand for low
                 consumption appliances and systems). This will result in an enhanced re-
                 search for decreasing the consumption of components and appliances. When
                 the demand increases, the price of low-consumption components will de-
                 crease and there will be the possibilities to rapidly extend the low-
                 consumption components as standard in the industry.

                 The impact of the above will not be limited to the heating application. Fans
                 and pumps are used in a large number of applications and appliances and the
                 real impact of the development resulting from this project will influence a
                 far larger market than the one from heating. Therefore, the "indirect" envi-
                 ronmental impact and energy saving that is difficult to estimate will be, in
                 the longer term, much larger than the one on heating application alone.

                 There are also clear opportunities for creation of new markets not only for
                 low-consumption components, but also for PV based systems.
                 The transferability and the dissemination potential of the results in general
                 seem to be fairly good; with the industry associated to the project and the
                 component industry represented in the project (e g circulation pumps) cover-
                 ing a large range of applications, heating being only one among thousands
                 of different applications




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                     13/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 4. Target group(s) and key actors for the proposed action

                 Target group(s) the proposed action addresses directly
                 There are different target groups to the present project:
                 1. The consumers who shall have more information on the boiler electricity
                    consumption so that they can ask for the boilers or heatig system with
                    both a high efficiency and a low electricity consumption;
                 2. The boiler and components manufacturers who will be given a number
                    of practical solutions to achieve the reduction of electricity consump-
                    tion;
                 3. The installers and installation designers who will receive advice on how
                    to control the different components for optimal saving of electricity;
                 4. The authorities that will be informed on various policies and their likely
                    impact;
                 5. The standardisation committees and laboratories for testing boilers and
                    heating systems.

                 The key actors who are essential for achieving both the project results
                 and the potential impact of the proposed action
                 1. The laboratories that are able to agree on a fair an harmonised method
                 2. The partners who are able to develop the various aspects of the project
                 3. The boiler and component manufacturers

                 How these target group(s) and key actors have already been involved in
                 the preparation of the proposal
                 The proposal is a result of a large workshop [1] that involved manufacturers,
                 laboratories, authorities and where various aspects of the project were dis-
                 cussed and agreed upon at the meeting. So, the proposal is the result of a
                 wide consensus of the different actors. Subsequently, the consortium
                 worked out the details of the project.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      14/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 5. Contribution to energy-related policies as well as other EU
                 policies and Community added value

                 How the proposed action will contribute to the energy-related objec-
                 tives and policies at Community level, as well as to national and local
                 policy priorities, to increase the rational use of energy
                 Here again, the proposed action will contribute to the energy-related ob-
                 jectives and policies at Community level for the following points:

                 1. The mandate concerning the electrical consumption of the household
                    appliances. The boilers are part of these appliances. The mandate is
                    given to CEN/CENELEC for the elaboration and adoption of standards
                    for the definition and the measurement method for the determination of
                    stand-by losses of domestic appliances. (Doc 61/2000 en, 23 November
                    2000). The mandate stipulates that "common standard(s) are required to
                    ensure that appliances covered by the mandate are measured on a com-
                    parable basis. This will require that existing standards are revised so as
                    to ensure they provide measurement methods for energy efficiency,
                    which are representative, reproducible and which allows method of
                    checking whether sample appliances conform with declared values".
                    The mandate relates to the labelling directive 92/75/EEC and is quite
                    specific about the appliances of concern:
                     Domestic boilers
                     Instantaneous and storage heaters and electric water heaters.

                 2. The above-mentioned labelling directive (92/75). The electric consump-
                    tion of appliances is to be specified on the labelling sheet.

                 3. Other European climate change programme, and the appropriate meas-
                    ures mentioned. E g Buildings directive "Proposal for a Directive of the
                    European Parliament and of the Council on the energy performance of
                    buildings. COM (2001) 226 final, 2001/0098 (COD)" and framework di-
                    rectives on appliance efficiency standards (Directive 92/42) that are
                    specifying requirements on efficiency of boilers. The fact is that the
                    electricity is also contributing in the energy output of the boilers and is,
                    therefore, influencing the value of the efficiency measured.

                 4. Of course, the SAVE directive, as the project will mainly result in im-
                    portant energy savings.

                 The project will provide input to a European boiler database created in the
                 framework of a recent SAVE project [7]. The database includes consumer
                 oriented technical information on several hundreds of boilers as well as
                 explanations of central heating system; the project will provide input not



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                        15/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 only on technical data but also general information on electricity consump-
                 tion for central heating.

                 Several actions for decreasing the electricity consumption of domestic ap-
                 pliances are on going or planned in the EU. For example in Denmark, the
                 "Elsparefonden" was created in order to promote the saving of electricity. It
                 is a consequence of the liberalisation of the energy market where the energy
                 distributor has to take the role of "public service organisation". The funds
                 are raised through a tax on the energy price.
                 http://www.elsparefonden.dk/main.asp?page=tilskud_og_projekter/tilskud_
                 og_projekter.htm

                 In France, the objective of the thermal regulation (RT 2000) is to reduce the
                 overall energy consumption of buildings, residential (20%) and non-
                 residential (40%), compared to the old regulations.
                 It enhances the use of efficient appliances. It also requires that the electrical
                 consumption of gas appliances used for space heating and domestic hot wa-
                 ter should be known (measured in a laboratory or calculated as default
                 value).
                 In Germany the blue angel label has also introduced elctricity consumption.


                 How - if appropriate - other EU policies such as environment and social
                 policies are addressed
                 As already mentioned, the energy savings and environmental impacts are
                 directly linked. The electricity in the EU is produced mainly with fuel oil,
                 gas or coal with relatively low conversion efficiency. The environmental
                 impact can be directly estimated in tonnes of CO2 emissions. So the pro-
                 posal will result in lowering the CO2 emission contributing towards achiev-
                 ing the EU targets for the Kyoto agreement. The estimation of the reduction
                 has been given above in the proposal under "environmental impact".

                 Also, this project will result in reducing emission of pollutants like CO, NOx
                 or SO2 that are produced during the combustion of the fossil fuels.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      16/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Why it is important that the proposed action is carried out as a transna-
                 tional project on the European level
                 In a single EU-wide market, many of the opportunities of reducing con-
                 sumption, information, test procedures and policy options have to be at this
                 level. For the time being, the measurement problems are to be solved at EU
                 level. The same harmonised method has to be used throughout the EU so
                 that the interpretation of directives, mandates and standards is the same and
                 so that the consumer can rely on the information given, no matter in which
                 country the boiler was tested.

                 The information-dissemination part shall also be done at EU level. The boil-
                 ers on the market are becoming increasingly identical whatever the market
                 is, and, moreover, it is more cost effective to have a centralised information
                 system.
                 The necessary work is done together in order to avoid duplication of efforts.
                 Finally, the development of technical solutions is also best done at EU level
                 as each partner involved has an expertise in his own field.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                             17/Error! Unknown switch argument.


                 6. Project work plan, methodology and approach

                 6.1 Detailed description
                 6.1.a Introduction

                 The project is divided into the following five phases or Working Packages
                 (WPs):

                 1. Development of harmonised measurement method for electricity con-
                    sumption of domestic heating systems.
                 2. Design of an information system on the Internet, and other dissemina-
                    tion actions.
                 3. Paper work on the various possible solutions for reduction of electric
                    consumption of boilers and systems.
                 4. Practical demonstration with PV cells.
                 5. Cost and impact analysis.

                 The WP1, WP3 and WP4 are quite independent from each other (only small
                 interaction between these WPs) and will provide input for the WP2 and
                 WP5. (Strong interaction with the previous ones.)

                 The WP1 is clearly dedicated to making the measurement of electricity con-
                 sumption possible at EU level. This is the required condition for assessing
                 the technical solutions (WP3 and WP4) and for the dissemination informa-
                 tion to the consumers, installers and manufacturers (WP2). Finally, WP5
                 should result in the optimisation of the action to be done for a full benefit of
                 the results obtained in the WP1, WP2, WP3 and WP4 and give further in-
                 formation on the work in WP2.

                 6.1.b The description of the work - Working programme details

                 Note that the information about:
                 - the outcome of this phase
                 - the duration (in months)
                 - the leader of this phase
                 - the contribution / degree of involvement of each partner
                 - the total costs of the respective phase
                 - major sub-contracts for this phase




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                        18/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 is given at the end of this section in 6.2.b after the technical description of
                 the work.

                 WP1 - Development of harmonised measurement method for electricity
                 consumption of domestic heating systems
                 A specific objective of the project is to develop and implement, in a stan-
                 dardised document (CEN?), a method for the determination of the electricity
                 consumption of appliances. The nominal electricity power alone is not
                 sufficient to give a correct view for the consumer interest. The annual elec-
                 trical consumption is important piece of information the consumer needs
                 for choosing a least life cycle cost boiler.

                 The method shall lead to a precise, fair, harmonised and, as far as possible,
                 an uncontroversial determination of the annual electricity consumption of
                 appliances through the application of a standardised method to be proposed
                 to CEN.

                 The method will be designed so as to be suitable for information to consum-
                 ers through labelling, web-based information systems,etc.

                 The method shall be based on simple measurements, and as far as possible
                 the testing shall be integrated in the normal procedure when testing central
                 heating boilers, so that the testing cost is kept at the lowest possible level.

                 For many central heating systems (especially those in UK and Ireland, but
                 also Germany and Austria) the pump is not part of the boiler. Pumps for
                 these systems are also included in this study and one of the sub-tasks would
                 be to study how to treat them as well in an information system.

                 The project will also make suggestions for the modification of the actual
                 CEN standards in order to change the present situation where the electrical
                 power of some components can artificially boost the thermal efficiency of
                 the appliance. A consortium of testing laboratories will be established;
                 manufacturer organisations will be consulted and informed of the progress
                 of the work. It is planned to contact the manufacturers through their organi-
                 sations and thus to establish a platform of communication.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                        19/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Method requirements
                 It is foreseen that the method shall assess electricity consumption during:
                 1. Heating and sanitary hot water production (burner, fan and pump on),
                 2. Pump after-run (burner and fan off, pump on),
                 3. Standby (burner, fan and pump off),
                 4. Only hot water production (summer).

                 The annual power consumption of a continuously running pump and pumps
                 with different start/stop frequencies shall be calculated from the test results.

                 The method shall be able to treat the case of modulating boilers and all
                 types of controls. One of the difficulties is to find a fair solution for the
                 boilers with sophisticated control strategies. The requirement for simplicity
                 of the method might lead to some situations where those boilers cannot be
                 treated on a fair basis.

                 Another challenge for the project is to treat the case where the boiler is de-
                 livered without pumps (typical situation for floor standing boilers). In this
                 case, it shall be made clear to the consumer that the electricity consumption
                 of the pump shall be added at a later stage.

                 The present CEN method shall also be modified in order to take into ac-
                 count how much of the electrical energy of pumps is transferred into heat in
                 the water (measurements have shown that up to 80% of the electrical power
                 consumption of pumps may be transferred into the water.)

                 The following aspects of the procedure, measurements/accuracy-related
                 problems, will be treated:
                    Measurement of electrical power. The most adapted technology. Uncer-
                     tainty of measurement.
                    Heating. Measurement of electrical power of the different components
                     of a boiler. What are the parameters to be taken into account?
                    Hot water production. Same as above.

                 The measurement shall be performed on the boiler depending on its utilisa-
                 tion.
                    Heating: according to the CEN standards (EN 297 – EN 483 etc.), the
                     efficiency directive for full load and part load and the GLP efficiency
                    Sanitary hot water production: according to a CEN standard (pr EN
                     13203) for the smallest and largest tapping programmes.


BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      20/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                    Standby: when the boiler is not on (ie not producing heat or hot water)

                 Task 1.1 The electrical consumption of gas and fuel oil boilers, state-of-the-
                 art literature work and measurements
                 This consists of an update of the workshop document.

                 Task 1.2 Measurement of electrical power
                 The most adapted technology and procedure
                    a) Literature work. What are the existing testing requirements? Stan-
                        dards used for the gas and fuel oil appliances and Standards used for
                        the electrical appliances.
                    b) Proposal for a protocol for the nominal measurement of electrical
                        power of the different components.
                    c) Uncertainty of measurement.
                    d) Repeatability tests (material and instruments are to be defined. This
                        is not an inter-comparison but repeatability test).
                    e) Reproducibility tests (inter-comparison on few components, e g
                        pump and control systems).

                 Task 1.3 The calculation of the annual electrical consumption for heating
                 mode
                    a) What are the parameters to be taken into account?
                    b) Development of simple models

                 The model will take advantage of the BOILSIM models. There will be focus
                 on two aspects:
                 1) Reduction of electrical consumption by introducing on/off operation or
                     other controls of the operation times of pumps and fans.
                 2) Reduction of electricity consumption by introduction of components
                     with improved efficiency. The models will be based on annual distribu-
                     tion of load, and take into account local climatic conditions.

                 Task 1.4 The calculation of the annual electrical consumption for sanitary
                 hot water production mode
                     a) What are the parameters to be taken into account?
                     b) Development of simple models

                 The models will take into account different types of systems:
                    Boilers without pumps, stand-alone water heaters
                    Systems with pumps between the boiler and the hot water heat ex-
                     changer/tank with different control strategies




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       21/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                     Systems with circulation pump for the hot water (this pump can also be
                      integrated in the boiler/hot water unit), where considerable savings can
                      be achieved by a good control

                 Task 1.5 How to change the CEN standard for a fair treatment of the pump
                 contribution
                 This task will focus on achieving the necessary electrical data for having
                 sufficient information for the models. It is expected that the measuring of
                 these data can be done with very limited extra cost, when testing a boiler.

                 WP2 - Dissemination and design of a web-based information system

                 It will be discussed how to deal with boilers with/without pump, and the
                 label will be based on annual energy consumption. DGC will be able to pro-
                 vide data from the Danish database.

                 We will, therefore, be able to create an interactive information system
                 where the user can obtain the electrical consumption in various configura-
                 tions of heat demand, control system etc. and for various boilers. The sys-
                 tem will be implemented in an existing web-based tool dedicated to infor-
                 mation on boilers [7].

                 1)   Development of the concept and implementation of the simple models
                 2)   How to treat boilers delivered without pumps
                 3)   Information workshop with the industry, discussion of the proposal
                 4)   Final approval of the system and implementation

                 Dissemination, What to disseminate?
                 The new method (protocols, standards) for the determination of electricity
                 consumption is the main result to disseminate.


                 Target group
                 The target groups are:
                 1) CEN: the standardisation committee,
                 2) Laboratories testing boilers,
                 3) The consumers,
                 4) Installers.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       22/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 How will the target group be reached?
                 1. CEN: the standardisation committee
                 The documents prepared and the results obtained will be sent to the relevant
                 CEN committees.

                 2. Laboratories testing boilers
                 Will be reached through the existing network LABNET.
                 The existing network LABNET (23 European laboratories for the time be-
                 ing) will be informed through:
                 - The annual meetings of the network
                 - LABNET Internet homepage http://www.dgc.dk/LABNET/

                 3. The consumers
                 There will be a specific web site aimed at informing on boilers, where the
                 results of the work will be reported. The summary will be sent to relevant
                 consumer associations??

                 4. Installers, manufacturers
                 Organisation of a workshop and publication in relevant national installers‟
                 magazines.


                 Dissemination timetable
                 The CEN standardisation committee will be informed at the beginning of
                 the project. At the end of the project, the report will be published and we
                 will invite CEN representatives to one of the meetings.
                 The laboratories testing boilers will be continuously informed through the
                 LABNET homepage on the Internet as well as during the annual meeting.


                 Role of transnational partnership in the dissemination
                 The role of transnational partnership is obvious in this project, as there is a
                 need to obtain a harmonised method.


                 WP3 - Reduction of the electrical consumption with RE

                 PV technology can be used for the supply of the electrical components of
                 the boilers. The purpose here is not only to save energy, but also to secure




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      23/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 the heat production in remote areas, where electrical power in not available
                 or where the electrical distribution is often subject to problems.

                 Two cases will be studied
                 1) Stand-alone solution for the boiler only, the starting point might be a
                    cheap piece of PV equipment that is already on the market for lei-
                    sure/holiday use.
                 2) Integrated equipment in PV equipment for the whole house

                 The electrical power requirements of a boiler can be covered with PV en-
                 ergy technology in two different ways:

                 Either the boiler is connected to a standard outdoor PV installation, and the
                 electrical energy needed by the boiler is supplied by the sun, or the boiler
                 can be equipped with IR sensitive PV cells, and the boiler itself is used as
                 energy source for its electrical appliances.

                 Both of these solutions are based on commercially available technology.


                 Case 1: Application of standard outdoor PV system
                 The use of a PV system mounted on the outside of the building is a solution
                 based entirely on commercially available technology. The PV solution is
                 easily adjustable to specific requirements of the boiler and the environment.
                 Presumably, the specific solution with the highest appeal to the market
                 would be a small PV system consisting of PV panels of sufficient area and
                 an inverter. Connecting the PV system to the electrical grid allows the grid
                 to be used as electrical storage, which is important since the production of
                 electrical power from the sun is out of phase with the need for electrical
                 power given by the boiler. If there is no grid available in remote areas, the
                 boiler and the PV system can be directly connected. However, in this case
                 some kind of electrical storage (battery) is needed to even out the shift be-
                 tween energy production and consumption.

                 From a technical point of view, the application of a standard PV system
                 mounted on the outside of the building needs no development. The eco-
                 nomical aspects of this solution depend on the actual need for electrical en-
                 ergy by the boiler and the cost for implementation of the PV system in the
                 building. Though new PV technologies emerge on the market at increasing



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       24/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 rates, the cost of electricity produced by PV is fairly stable. Thus, it is pos-
                 sible to work out scenarios for different solutions, which would give a valid
                 cost prediction.


                 Case 2: Application of thermo photo voltaics
                 Thermo photo voltaic (TPV) cells or modules are PV devices with a spectral
                 response in the high end of the visible spectrum extending into the infrared
                 region. The basic idea of using TPVs is to convert a fraction of the energy
                 emitted in the infrared region by the flame in the burner into electricity. This
                 solution requires IR sensitive cells, typically GaSb cells, to be mounted near
                 the burner. The cells need cooling on the backside in order to keep effi-
                 ciency at a reasonable level near 20%.

                 The advantage of using TPV modules is that electrical power generation is
                 in phase with the demand for electrical power of the boiler. TPV modules
                 contain no moving parts and long life times are predicted for these elements.
                 TPV cells are commercially available from a few manufacturers, and inte-
                 gration with domestic heaters running on natural gas or butane/propane has
                 been tested on the market in pilot scale. Results from these pilot tests are
                 good. The tested systems were designed to provide from 200 to 500 W elec-
                 trical power, i.e. they could be used as backup when the power grid failed.
                 However, in this case the design of the boiler should be optimised in order
                 to keep the boiler self supplying with electrical power.

                 Proposed actions for WP3 – case 1 and 2
                 Along the lines of the above we would propose to make the following a part
                 of the project:

                 Task 3.1: Economic study of using standard outdoor PV
                 The objective is to create a reliable cost estimate, by which the design of
                 boiler and PV solutions can be evaluated.

                 A limited number of scenarios will be addressed. The scenarios will be se-
                 lected based on partner input. The most important selection criteria are on-
                 grid/off-grid solutions, power consumption of the boiler, geographical loca-
                 tion and level of integration needed in the building.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       25/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 The result is a cost estimate for a typical PV system capable of supplying a
                 major part of the electricity needed by the boiler.

                 Task 3.2 Overview study of TPV solutions
                 The objective is to make a survey of TPV solutions, which can be used to
                 reduce or eliminate the electrical power consumption of boilers.

                 The important parameters that will be addressed in the survey are technol-
                 ogy, ease of integration with the boilers, quality, durability, efficiency and
                 cost. Other important parameters to address are related to the level of devel-
                 opment and maturing in the market. They include number of manufacturers,
                 level of testing, capacity of the manufacturers, etc.

                 Task 3.3 Prototyping boiler with TPV cells
                 The objective is to create a first prototype of a boiler integrated with TPV
                 cells. The design approach is to fit commercially available TPV cells into an
                 existing boiler with as few modifications as possible.

                 This part of the project is based on the overview study described above. The
                 result of part 3 is hands-on experience with TPV cells, testing of efficiency
                 in existing boilers and demonstration.

                 Partners needed: Manufacturer of accessories for boilers, boiler manufac-
                 turer.


                 WP4 - Prospects for energy saving in heating system components

                 Task 4.1 Electricity consumption by auxiliary equipment in domestic hy-
                 dronic heating systems
                 The electrically powered components commonly found in domestic hy-
                 dronic central heating systems will be identified. They include fans, pumps,
                 motorised valves, and controls. An estimate will be made of typical electri-
                 cal consumption by these components under the separate conditions: (i)
                 heating system off (standby), (ii) system on but boiler not firing, (iii) system
                 on and boiler firing. It is expected that discussions will be needed with na-
                 tional experts and manufacturers to ensure that information gathered is rep-
                 resentative and that estimates are realistic. In combination, these figures will
                 be used to produce average annual electricity consumption in different coun-


BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       26/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 tries, guided by climate information on heating demand. The heat replace-
                 ment effect (whereby electrical energy consumed has a beneficial heating
                 effect in living space during the winter, reducing the demand for boiler fuel)
                 will be taken into account.

                 Task 4.2 Scope for savings (general)
                 The scope for electricity saving and strategies for economy will be explored
                 and discussed for each class of components, taking account of different sys-
                 tem configurations and national installation practices. Examples of ques-
                 tions to be addressed are:
                    Why are some types of motorised valves continuously energised?
                    Are power supplies efficient?
                    Do motors conform to current good practice for energy-efficient design?
                    Should boilers with gas-air modulation be encouraged because of the
                     additional (but unrecognised) energy saving from fan modulation?
                    Why are there so many separate controls? (Integration reduces the need
                     for power supplies and clocks.)

                 Task 4.3 Scope for savings (pump)
                 It is expected that the largest scope for saving will be found in the selection,
                 setting, and operational control of circulating pumps. The energy saving
                 prospects for added system intelligence, and improved control by linkage
                 with other system sensors, will be considered. Examples of questions to be
                 addressed are:
                    Why is it common practice in some countries to run the pump when
                     there is no demand for heat?
                    Are such control strategies justified, and could they be improved?
                    Where the pump is supplied with the boiler, are there sufficient choices
                     for the installer to match individual system requirements?
                    Where the pump is not supplied with the boiler (the usual case in UK
                     and Ireland), how is it selected and how are purchasers guided to a sen-
                     sible choice?
                    Can economy of operation be achieved by linkage with external controls
                     (e g signals from boiler, room thermostat, pipe thermostat)?




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                        27/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Task 4.4: Simple design method
                 If feasible, a simple but robust design procedure for installers will be devel-
                 oped, which will help to optimise the selection, setting, and operational con-
                 trol of circulating pumps. In doing so, the effect of system constraints such
                 as a required minimum flow rate through the boiler will be recognised. The
                 method must be capable of being used safely by poorly trained installers.

                 Task 4.5 Self-powered boiler (literature)
                 This part consists of a literature research about the latest state-of-the-art for
                 the self-powered boiler (peltier elements). The self-powered boiler technol-
                 ogy is of interest for remote areas, where gas or fuel oil is available and
                 electricity is not (or in areas where the distribution is not stable). The self-
                 powered boiler technology is of interest also because it has required the de-
                 velopment of components that have low consumption and they can also be
                 used for the "non-remote" applications.


                 WP5 - Impact of the system (Effect of improved electrical efficiency)

                 This task will use information from previous tasks in this study and also
                 previous SAVE and other studies as a starting point for the energy con-
                 sumption by space heating and their electrical components (WP1.1). The
                 main electrical components to be examined will be circulation pumps, fans
                 and controls. Where possible, these estimates will be disaggregated to the
                 Member State level and will be revised and updated to create a reference
                 case scenario for the EU. This reference case will be in terms of energy and
                 its environmental impact, principally its carbon dioxide emissions.

                 Using technical information from the previous work packages (primarily
                 WP3 and WP4), various energy saving (and emission reduction) scenarios
                 will be carried out. The likely impact of the information system will also be
                 addressed. This will include an analysis of the various actors, which will
                 include manufacturers, installers and consumers.

                 Following the analysis a list of recommendations will be presented. This
                 analysis will also provide some guidance for the information system to be
                 devoted in WP2.

                 The work will be sub-divided along the following lines:


BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       28/Error! Unknown switch argument.



                 Task 5.1     Introduction (Heating and electricity consumption), actors
                 Task 5.2     EU electricity consumption by components (and emissions)
                 Task 5.3     Technical and policy scenarios (based on earlier tasks)
                 Task 5.4     Actors likely response to (and support needed for) proposed
                              technical solutions
                 Task 5.5     Recommendations

                 6.1.c Outcomes, duration, leaders, partners and cost

                 The outcome of the WPs

                 WP1 - Development of harmonised measurement method for electricity
                 consumption of domestic heating systems
                 Report
                 1) Details about the literature survey
                 The literature survey will consist in studying the techniques used in Europe,
                 the United States, Canada and Japan. Indeed, even if the boilers used over
                 those regions are not exactly the same, the techniques used to measure the
                 electric consumption (if it exists) could be relevant for our purpose.

                 The following countries are taken in the survey:
                    European countries
                    United States    OWI can deliver this information
                    Canada        OWI can deliver this information
                    Japan

                 The following issues will be reported:
                    The relevant standards existing (if any) for the gas and fuel oil boilers
                    The relevant standards used for the electric appliances
                    The existing testing requirements
                    The testing material available and/or used on the market

                 2) Details about the harmonised method chosen
                 Background material about the technical choices.
                 Method presented in a form that is easy to implement in any standard and
                 easy understandable by other laboratories.


                 WP2 - Dissemination and design of a web-based information system




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      29/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Website
                 An interactive information system where the user can obtain the electrical
                 consumption in various configurations of heat demand, control system etc.
                 and for various boilers. The system will be implemented in an existing web-
                 based tool dedicated to information on boilers [7].

                 Report
                 The following points will be included:

                    Development of the concept and implementation of the simple models
                     for the calculation of annual electricity consumption on the Web
                    Report on the information workshop with the industry, discussion of the
                     proposal

                 Workshop
                 Target group:

                    CEN: the standardisation committee
                    Laboratories testing boilers
                    Installers (to be discussed)

                 WP3 - Reduction of the electrical consumption with RE Proposed ac-
                 tions for WP3

                 Part 1: Economic study of using standard outdoor PV
                 Deliverables: Report describing the scenarios and their background, discus-
                 sion of technical solutions and estimate of cost for each scenario.

                 Part 2: Overview study of TPV solutions
                 Deliverables: Report containing the analysis of the above mentioned pa-
                 rameters, evaluation and discussion of the feasibility of this technology in
                 the market.

                 Part 3: Prototyping boiler with TPV cells
                 Deliverables: Report and prototype. The report will contain a description of
                 design constraints and parameters evaluated in the prototyping stage as well
                 as indications of plausible changes to the prototype design in order to en-
                 hance performance and reduce cost when changing from prototyping to se-
                 ries production.


                 WP4 - Prospects for energy saving in heating system components



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       30/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 The following points will be included in the report:
                    Electricity consumption by auxiliary equipment in domestic hydronic
                     heating systems
                    Scope for savings (general)
                    Scope for savings (pump)
                    Simple design method
                    Self-powered boiler (literature)

                 Note that the last point will be reported separately

                 WP 5 - Impact of the system (Effect of improved electrical efficiency)
                 The report will outline the best estimate of electricity consumption by heat-
                 ing systems, projected to 2020. An estimate of emissions will also be given.
                 Built on information from previous tasks various scenarios will be devel-
                 oped and discussed. The likely effect on various stakeholders under the dif-
                 ferent scenarios will be explored. Finally, a list of recommendation, mainly
                 for the European Commission, will be provided in this report.


                 The duration (in months)
                 The duration of the whole project and all the phases is indicated in the fol-
                 lowing table:




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                                                                 31/Error! Unknown switch argument.


Month                                                                       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

WP1- Procedure, measurements/accuracy-related problems
1) The electric consumption of gas and fuel oil boilers state of the art
2) Measurement of electric power. The most adapted technology and pro-cedure.
3) The calculation of the annual electric consumption for heating
4) The calculation of the annual electric consumption for hot water production
5) How to change the CEN standard for a fair treatement of the pump contribution
Reporting

WP 2- Design of an information system on Internet
1) Development of the concept and implementation of the simple models
2) How to treat boilers delivered without pumps?
3) Information workshop with the industry, discussion of the proposal
4) Translations and discussions of the system interface
5) Final approval of the system and implementation
Reporting

WP 3- Reduction of the electric consumption with RE (PV)
Part 1: Economic study of using standard outdoor PV.
Part 2: Overview study of TPV solutions.
Part 3: Prototyping boiler with TPV cells.
Reporting


WP 4- Reduction of the electric consumption other technical solutions
0) State of the art. What are the solutions
1) Electricity consumption by auxiliary equipment in domestic hydronic heating systems
2) Scope for savings (general)
3) Scope for savings (pump)
4) Simple design method
5) Self powered boiler (literature)
Reporting


WP 5 Impact of the system
1) Introduction (Heating and electricity consumption),actors/stakeholders
2) EU electricity consumption by components (and emissions)
3) Technical and policy scenarios (based on earlier tasks)
4) Actors/stakeholders likely response to (and support needed for)proposed technical solutions
5) Recommendations
Reporting


Coordination & administration
1) Preparation of the project
2) Coordination
3) Organisation of meetings
4) Reportings

Meetings time




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                                                       32/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                      The leader of this phase and contribution/degree of involvement of each
                      partner
                      The project organisation is as shown in the below table:




                                                                                                )
                                                 R)




                                                                                              DK


                                                                                                             E)
                                                            R)




                                                                                                                                                                       E)
                                               (F
                                     K)




                                                                                                          (G




                                                                                                                                    )


                                                                                                                                               K)
                                                                                  R)



                                                                                            (




                                                                                                                                                                     (B
                                                          (G




                                                                                                                                   GE




                                                                                                                                                        )
                                                                                                                     K)
                                                                    I)




                                                                                                                                                      UK
                                   (D


                                             T




                                                                                         os




                                                                                                                                             (U
                                                                              (F
                                                                  (F




                                                                                                     W


                                                                                                                  (D
                                          IA




                                                                                                                                                                B
                                                     A




                                                                                                                            I(
                                                                                         df




                                                                                                                                                       (
                                  GC




                                                                                                  VG




                                                                                                                                                             RG
                                                   TU




                                                                                                                                         RE
                                          ET




                                                                          dF
                                                                 TT
                            l




                                                                                                                           W




                                                                                                                                                    CI
                                                                                                              TI
                                                                                       un
                         ta




                                                                         ·G




                                                                                                                          ·O
                                ·D


                                        ·C


                                                 ·N




                                                                                                ·D


                                                                                                            ·D
                                                            ·V




                                                                                                                                        ·B


                                                                                                                                                 ·E


                                                                                                                                                            ·A
                       To




                                                                                   Gr
     TOTAL             153       36,5     5           3          11       11,5         5,5          6             28       16            13         12           5

 38,5 WP1- Procedure, measurements/accuracy-related problems                                                 Responsible                         DGC
      task1            4,5   0,5    0      0       0,5    1,5                           0           1          0      0                   0        0             1
      task2            19,5   3     2     1,5       5      0                            0           2          1      2                   0        0             3
      task3             4     0     0      0       0,5     0                            0           0          2      0                  1,5       0             0
      task4             6    0,5    2      0        0      0                            0           0          2      0                  1,5       0             0
      task5            1,5    1     0      0       0,5     0                            0           0          0      0                   0        0             0
      Reporting         3     3     0      0        0      0                            0           0          0      0                   0        0             0

  17 WP 2- Design of an information system on Internet                                                       Responsible                            OWI
     task1             3,5     1      0      0      0,5                       0         0           0           1     1                   0          0           0
     task2              3      0      0      0       1                        0         0           1           0     1                   0          0           0
     task3             4,5    0,5     0      0       0                        0         0           0           1     3                   0          0           0
     task4              1      0      0     0,5     0,5                       0         0           0           0     0                   0          0           0
     task5              2     0,5     0      0       0                        0         0           0          0,5    0                  0,5        0,5          0
     Reporting          3      1      0      0       0                        0         0           0           0     2                   0          0           0

  11 WP 3- Reduction of the electric consumption with RE (PV)                                                Responsible                             TI
     task1              5      0       0     0       0      3                           0           0          2      0                      0       0           0
     task2              4      0       0     0       0      0                           0           0          4      0                      0       0           0
     task3              8      3       0     0       0      0                           0           0          5      0                      0       0           0
     Reporting          3      0       0     0       0      0                           0           0          3      0                      0       0           0


  25 WP 4- Reduction of the electric consumption other technical solutions                                   Responsible                            BRE
     task1             5,5     1       0     0       0       3      1,5                             0          0      0                   0          0           0
     task2              7      1       0     0       0       0       0                              0          1      3                   1          1           0
     task3              3      0       0     0       0       0       0                              0          1      1                   1          0           0
     task4              6      0       0     0       0       0       2                              0          1      1                   2          0           0
     task5              2      0       0     0       0       0       0                              0          1     0,5                 0,5         0           0
     task6              4      0       0     0       0       3       1                              0          0      0                   0          0           0
     Reporting          3      0       0     0       0       0       0                              0          0      0                   3          0           0

  14 WP 5 Impact of the system                                                                               Responsible                            ECI
     task1              5     1           0           0          0,5          0         0           0,5        0,5   0,5                     1       1           0
     task2             1,5    0           0           0           0           0         0           0,5         0     0                      0       1           0
     task3             0,5    0           0           0           0           0         0            0          0     0                      0      0,5          0
     task4              2     0           0           0           0           0         0            0          0     0                      0       2           0
     task5              2     0           0           0           0           0         0            0          0     0                      0       2           0
     Reporting          3     0           0           0           0           0         0            0          0     0                      0       3           0

 17,5 Coordination & administration                                                                          Responsible                            DGC
      task1             4      4          0           0          0            0         0           0          0      0                      0       0           0
      task2            5,5    5,5         0           0          0            0         0           0          0      0                      0       0           0
      task3             3      3          0           0          0            0         0           0          0      0                      0       0           0
      Reporting         5      5          0           0          0            0         0           0          0      0                      0       0           0

     Meetings time      15        2       1           1          2            1         1           1             2            1             1        1          1




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       33/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 The total costs of the respective phases



                 WP1- Procedure,
                 measurements/accuracy-related problems
                 TOTAL budget (1000 EURO)         137,8

                 WP 2- Design of an information system on
                 Internet
                 TOTAL budget (1000 EURO)           51,5

                 WP 3- Reduction of the electric
                 consumption with RE (PV)
                 TOTAL budget (1000 EURO)                     65,5

                 WP 4- Reduction of the electric
                 consumption other technical solutions
                 TOTAL budget (1000 EURO)           100,0

                 WP 5 Impact of the system
                 TOTAL budget (1000 EURO)                     39,6

                 Coordination & administration
                 TOTAL budget (1000 EURO)                     68,3

                 Meetings time
                 TOTAL budget (1000 EURO)                     49,8


                 Total labour                                  512,5
                 Meetings                                       54,0
                 TOTAL BUDGET                                  566,5



                 The major sub-contracts for this phase
                 There will be no subcontract.


                 6.2 Dissemination of project results
                 The dissemination of the result is a very important part in the project. It is,
                 therefore, a task and a working package. We will create an interactive in-
                 formation system where the user can get the electrical consumption in vari-
                 ous configurations of heat demand, control system etc. for various boilers.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       34/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 The system will be implemented in an existing tool on the Internet dedicated
                 to information on boilers [7].


                 What to disseminate?
                 The new method (protocols, standards) for the determination of electricity
                 consumption is another main result to disseminate. The target groups are:

                 1.   CEN: the standardisation committee
                 2.   Laboratories testing boilers
                 3.   The consumers
                 4.   Installers
                 5.   The manufacturers (of boilers and components)

                 The details are explained in the WP description, on how the target group
                 will be reached, with an important dissemination route being the organisa-
                 tion of a workshop and publication in relevant national installers‟ maga-
                 zines.


                 Dissemination timetable
                 The CEN standardisation committee will be informed at the beginning of
                 the project. At the end of the project, the report will be circulated and pub-
                 lished and we will invite CEN representatives to one of the meetings.
                 The laboratories testing boilers will be continuously informed through the
                 LABNET homepage on the Internet as well as during the annual meeting.


                 6.3 Measures of performance
                 The success of the project can be judged by various performance indicators.
                 1) The project shall result in large electricity savings. Therefore, there will
                     be a quite clear impact in a few years, and as the savings expected are
                     large, the assessment method does not need to be very sophisticated in
                     order to see the results.
                 2) The new method for the electricity consumption evaluation shall be in-
                     tegrated in the normal code of practice of the laboratories. It will be easy
                     to check if this method is referred in future documents and test reports.
                 3) There will be a website for the consumers. The number of visits to the
                     website are, of course, an easy way to partly measure the success.
                 4) The existence of new technologies on the market, and especially tech-
                     nologies based on PV, should also be quite easy to assess.



BOILER SAVELEC
                 35/Error! Unknown switch argument.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                        36/Error! Unknown switch argument.




                            Commission of the European Communities
                           Directorate-General for Energy and Transport

                      SAVE PROGRAMME - Call for proposals 2002



                     Part III: Project organisation and management

                 7. Project management
                 The activities in the project are organised in several Working Packages
                 (WP). Each WP has a leading institution that is responsible for the follow-
                 ing:
                     Responsibility and co-ordination of the work of the work in the WP
                     In charge of the communication with the co-ordinator
                     In charge of reporting all the WP activities and preparing a report, the
                      format of which is to be defined during the project
                     Participation in meetings and reporting of the activity progress in the
                      WP during the meeting and possible workshops during the time of the
                      contract

                 The activities will be greatly organised with the help of the LABNET Inter-
                 net website that is already in operation (a majority of the partners are mem-
                 bers of LABNET).
                 The website ambition is not only to inform the partners about the latest de-
                 velopments; it shall also be a database of documents, methods etc. related to
                 the project activities.

                 a) Administration of the project
                 The coordinator will be in charge of the administration, compilation of re-
                 ports, preparation of the cost statements, contract, and communication with
                 the Commission when needed.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      37/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 b) Organisation of meetings
                 The WP leaders are responsible for organising meetings (note that not nec-
                 essarily all have to organise meetings). The duration of each meeting will in
                 general be 1.5 day. When needed, a steering group composed of the WP
                 leaders will meet will meet before meeting (0.5 day).
                 The meetings are used to present the progress in the different WPs and to
                 organise the action needed for future projects.

                 Note that most of the partners know each other well and is used to collabo-
                 rate and this should make the work easier.


                 How will your target group(s) and key actors be involved, how will the
                 quality of the work and the outcomes be reviewed and assured?
                 As already mentioned above:

                 There are different target groups for this project:
                 1) The consumers who are to obtain more information on the boiler elec-
                    tricty consumption so that they can ask for boilers with both a high effi-
                    ciency and a low electricity consumption
                 2) The boiler and component manufacturers who will be given a number of
                    practical solutions to achieve the reduction of electricity consumption
                 3) The installers and installation designers who will be given advice on
                    how to control the different components for optimal saving of electricity
                 4) The authorities who will be informed on various policies and their im-
                    pact
                 5) The standardisation committees and laboratories

                 The key actors who are essential for achieving both the project results and
                 the potential impact of the proposed action:
                 1) The boiler and components manufacturers
                 2) The partners who are able to develop the various aspects of the project
                 3) The laboratories that are able to agree on a fair an harmonised method

                 How these target group(s) and key actors have already been involved in the
                 preparation of the proposal:
                 The proposal is a result of a large workshop [1] that involved manufac-
                 turers, laboratories, authorities and where various aspects of the project



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      38/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 were discussed and agreed upon at the meeting. So, the proposal is the re-
                 sult of a wide consensus of the different actors. The consortium has worked
                 out the details of the project at a later stage.

                 Drafts of WP reports will be sent to all participants in the consortium. DGC
                 will quality check the final reports of each WP. The draft final copy of the
                 main report (s) will be sent also to all partners for comments.


                 b) How will the quality of the work and of the outcomes be reviewed
                 and assured?
                 The project team will review and discuss the progress of the work during the
                 entire period of the project. All important actions will, therefore, be dis-
                 cussed and approved at the plenary meetings. On-line information will also
                 be provided to the members of the consortium to ensure that the participants
                 have an updated version of document and are informed of the latest devel-
                 opments in the project.
                 There will also be an external review of the project progress:
                 The intermediate results will be presented at least once a year during the
                 LABNET meeting (network of laboratories) and it will be possible to have
                 feedback from the testing institutes


                 Local and transnational partnerships and co-operation in the project
                 team
                 The role of transnational co-operation is first of all to gather the expertise
                 available in the different countries. The methods available for the determi-
                 nation of electricity can be quite different from one country to another. Fur-
                 thermore, the transnational co-operation plays an important role in the dis-
                 semination of the results.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      39/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 8. Description of the proposed consortium
                 The consortium has been set up especially for the purpose of the project, and
                 partners known for having the relevant expertise in the different issues have
                 been chosen for the different tasks.
                 1. DGC (DK) co-ordinator
                 2. BRE (UK)
                 3. OWI (GE)
                 4. DTI (DK)
                 5. ECI (UK)
                 6. CETIAT (FR)
                 7. VTT (FI)
                 8. GdF (FR)
                 9. Grundfos (DK)
                 10. DVGW (GE)
                 11. ARGB (BE)
                 12. NTUA (GR)

                 See details about the specific expertise and activity of each partner below.


                 8.1 Scientific and technical expertise of the partners
                 The consortium consists in a group of partners having experience in the dif-
                 ferent WPs. The partners have been selected for their competence according
                 to the need and requirements of the different packages.

                 For WP1 experience in testing and measuring electrical consumption of
                 domestic boilers and other system components and having if possible ex-
                 perience with CEN working technical committees. We have therefore se-
                 lected the needed partners:
                     - for the gas sector:
                         - DVGW, having also a strong link to the certification bodies and
                             BEDAC the boiler directive advisory committee
                         - ARGB
                         - DGC
                         - GdF
                      - For the fuel oil and solid fuels:
                         - NTUA
                         - VTT
                         - TI
                         - OWI



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      40/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Finally, the relevant department of VTT will bring the expertise from the
                 electricity measurement laboratories.
                 The leading institution who is responsible for the WP (DGC) has already
                 carried out a number of projects with relation to improvement of the test
                 method. Furthermore, DGC is coordinating LABNET - a network of labora-
                 tories that will also be involved (see dissemination).

                 For the WP2, OWI who has a strong liaison with the manufacturer will be in
                 charge of the package. DGC who is coordinating the project and who was
                 involved in previous projects in relation with the Boiler Internet information
                 will also be strongly involved. The different WP responsibles will contribute
                 with input and results from the WP they are responsible for.

                 For the WP3, the department of TI dealing with PV technology will be in
                 charge. GdF has already some experience with testing of similar technology
                 and they have, therefore, been integrated in the WP. DGC will be in charge
                 of the test of the boiler. The geographical proximity of TI is an advantage
                 for this phase. Furthermore, DGC is used to test any boiler and the size of
                 the laboratory and its flexibility are also advantages for this part of the
                 work.

                 For WP4, BRE will be in charge, BRE has the experience of the practical
                 problems with central heating installations and has a great deal of expertise
                 for the tasks of the WP4. Experts, as Otto Paulsen from TI, are invloved in
                 the WP as well as other national experts (OWI) and manufacturers (Grund-
                 fos). For the last part, GdF - who has experience with some tests of the self-
                 powered boilers - will be in charge.

                 ECI is the institution responsible for the WP5. ECI has several times con-
                 ducted similar succesfull studies and is used to work with issues related to
                 central heating and hot water production. DGC as coordinator will partici-
                 pate for giving some guidance.

                 Finally, the coordiantion will be made by DGC who has already led several
                 EU projects, some of which were with a number of the partners involved as
                 well.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                        41/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Few partners have been sending descriptions of their specific expertise in
                 the light of the project and we have included their input below:

                 Gaz de France has experience in designing new burners and in helping boil-
                 ers and burners manufacturers to elaborate and/or optimise burners. For that
                 purpose, GDF has been involved in collaboration dealing with TPV process
                 in order to produce electricity from the flame. Further to that GDF has
                 knowledge on heating systems and is used to work with manufacturers in
                 that field.

                 DVGW experts will participate in research on methods of measuring elec-
                 tricity consumption on heating appliances and investigating on standards
                 used for the gas and fuel oil appliances as well as for the electric appliances.

                 DVGW-Karlsruhe has accreditation for testing appliances under the GAD,
                 PED, LVD, EMC-D and is equipped to drive heating appliances and meas-
                 ure all relevant aspects in relation to heat in/output, emission, electrical pa-
                 rameters. DVGW‟s experts are involved in standardisation of heat-
                 ing/household appliances in CEN, CENELEC, ISO and IEC as well as na-
                 tional committees.

                 VTT input related to "roles of participants" and "domestic actions to reduce
                 consumption":
                 Conservation and efficient use of energy are central to the Finnish Govern-
                 ment‟s Energy Strategy. The Energy Conservation Programme, today within
                 the Energy Strategy, aims to increase energy efficiency by 10-20% by 2010
                 and stop the growth of primary energy consumption within 10 to 15 years.
                 Both direct and indirect activities and incentives are used to support the
                 choice of less energy consuming solutions. For example, on a very practical
                 level, an energy consumption labelling system (classes A-G) is used for
                 many household appliances (freezers, washing machines, etc.). Finland has
                 one full-scale official Energy Audit Programme launched by the Ministry of
                 Trade and Industry already in 1992, with Energy Information Centre for
                 Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Sources in Finland (Motiva) act-
                 ing as an operating agent. Motiva was one of the driving forces in the
                 AUDIT project carried out within SAVE programme. Motiva trains auditors
                 and electricity consumption is an integral part of the energy audits. Based on



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      42/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 the order from Motiva, VTT has developed the main software,
                 MOTIWATTI, used by auditors as an official tool for energy audits.

                 VTT has worked for years on different issues related to energy consumption
                 in buildings. VTT has developed software for quick calculation of annual
                 energy consumption in buildings, which includes consumption of electricity.
                 VTT‟s experience on the subject will be used in the project in the frames of
                 planned internet-based information system for the public.

                 VTT has also developed a prototype of Non-Intrusive Appliance Load
                 Monitoring (NIALM). It is based on the discovery that as electric appliances
                 are turned on and off, the waveform of the total load changes in predictable
                 ways. Thus no access to the individual appliances is necessary in order to
                 monitor loads, only one modern three-phase kWh-meter (commercially
                 available) is installed in the supply of loads and the meter is connected via
                 serial data bus to a PC. Appliances have characteristic signatures (active and
                 reactive power changes) that make it possible to identify individual appli-
                 ances and to disaggregate the total load. By analyzing recorded signatures
                 the system estimates the energy consumption and load curves of individual
                 appliances at certain accuracy. The applicability of this system to monitor
                 electricity consumption of central heating systems will be investigated in the
                 project.

                 The ECI is principally involved in WP5. The ECI has been involved in
                 many SAVE studies on improving the efficiency of appliances, including
                 labelling and understanding how actors behave. The ECI has recently under-
                 taken the scenario analysis of SAVE projects on “labelling of heating sys-
                 tems” and “promotion of energy efficiency in circulation pumps, especially
                 in domestic heating”,


                 Partners data

                 1. DGC (DK) co-ordinator
                 Proposer No.1
                 Legal name:                      Danish Gas Technology Centre a/s
                 Street, number:                  Dr. Neergaards Vej 5A
                 Country, postal code, town:      Denmark, 2970 HØRSHOLM



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                     43/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Telephone (area code, number): + 45 45 16 96 00
                 Fax:                             + 45 45 16 96 01
                 Person in charge of the project: Mr. Jean Schweitzer
                 Position held by this person:    Research engineer
                 E-mail:                          jsc@dgc.dk

                 2. BRE (UK)
                 Proposer No. 2
                 Legal name:                      Building Research Establishment
                 Street, number:                  Bucknalls Lane
                 Country, postal code, town:      UK, WD25 9XX, Watford
                 Telephone (area code, number): +44 1923 664000
                 Fax:                             +44 1923 664097
                 Person in charge of the project: Bruce Young
                 Position held by this person:    Programme Manager
                 E-mail:                          youngb@bre.co.uk

                 3. OWI (GE)
                 Proposer No. 3
                 Legal Name:                      Oel-Waerme-Institut gGmbH
                 Street, number:                  Kaiserstr. 100
                 Country, postal code, town:      Germany, 52134 Herzogenrath
                 Telephone (area code, number): +49 2497 951622
                 Fax :                            +49 2407 951818
                 Person in charge of the project: Lutz Hartmann
                 Position held by this person : Project engineer


                 4. DTI (DK)
                 Proposer No. 4
                 Legal name:                      Danish Technological Institute
                 Street, number:                  P.O. Box 141
                 Country, postal code, town:      DK 2630 Taastrup
                 Telephone (area code, number): +4572202420
                 Fax:                             4572202500
                 Person in charge of the project: Otto Paulsen (Not for RE)
                 Position held by this person:    Head of Laboratory
                 E-mail:                          Otto.paulsen@teknologisk.dk
                 Person in charge of the project: Eik Bezzel Hansen (RE)




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       44/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Position held by this person:      Senior Scientist
                 E-mail:                            EIK.Bezzel@teknologisk.dk


                 5. ECI (UK)
                 Proposer No. 5
                 Legal name:                    The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of
                                                the University of Oxford
                 Street, number:                University of Oxford, University Offices,
                                                Wellington Square
                 Country, postal code, town:    Oxford OX1 2JD, UK
                 Telephone (area code, number): + 44 18 65 28 12 11
                 Fax:                               + 44 18 65 28 12 02
                 Person in charge of the project:   Dr. Brenda Boardman
                 Position held by this person:      Head of Lower Carbon Futures
                 E-mail:                            brenda.boardman@eci.ox.ac.uk


                 6. CETIAT (FR)
                 Proposer No. 6
                 Legal name:                      CETIAT (Centre Technique des Industries
                                                  Aérauliques et Thermiques)
                 Street, number:                  BP 2042 Domaine scientifique de la
                                                  DOUA, 25 Avenue des Arts
                 Country, postal code, town:      69 100 – Villeurbanne France
                 Telephone (area code, number): +33 (0)4 72 44 49 14
                 Fax:                             +33 (0)4 72 44 59 46
                 Person in charge of the project: Nourreddine MOSTEFAOUI
                 Position held by this person:    Engineer
                 E-mail:                          nourreddine.mostefaoui@cetiat.fr

                 7. VTT (FI)
                 Proposer No.7
                 Legal name:                      VTT TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE
                                                  OF FINLAND
                 Street, number:                  P.O. Box 1804
                 Country, postal code, town:      Finland, FIN-02044 VTT
                 Telephone (area code, number): +358 9 456 4647
                 Fax:                             +358 9 455 2408
                 Person in charge of the project: Mr. Krzysztof Klobut



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                     45/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Position held by this person:   Senior Research Scientist
                 E-mail:                         krzysztof.klobut@vtt.fi


                 8. GdF (FR)
                 Proposer No. 8
                 Legal name:                      Gaz de France
                 Street, number:                  361 av du president WILSON
                 Country, postal code, town:      93211 saint denis la plaine
                 Telephone (area code, number): +33 1 49 22 47 36
                 Fax:                             +33 1 49 22 52 42
                 Person in charge of the project: Sandrine DOUSIS
                 Position held by this person:   Engineer, Combustion / Heating Systems
                 E-mail:                         Sandrine.douspis@gazdefrance.com


                 9. Grundfos (DK)
                 Proposer No. 9
                 Legal name:                      Grundfos Management A/S
                 Street, number:                  Poul Due Jensens Vej 7
                 Country, postal code, town:      Denmark 8850 Bjerringbro
                 Telephone (area code, number): +45 87 50 45 17
                 Fax:                             +45 87 50 14 90
                 Person in charge of the project: Niels Bidstrup
                 Position held by this person:    Senior Engineer, HVAC Systems
                 E-mail:                          nbidstrup@grundfos.com

                 10. DVGW (GE)
                 Proposer No. 10
                 Legal name:                      DVGW-Forschungsstelle am Engler-Bunte-
                                                  Institut der Universitaet Karlsruhe (TH),
                                                  Prüflaboratorium Gas
                 Street, number:                  Engler-Bunte-Ring 1-7
                 Country, postal code, town:      GERMANY, 76131 KARLSRUHE
                 Telephone (area code, number): + 49 721 96402-47
                 Fax:                             + 49 721 96402-99
                 Person in charge of the project: Mr. Joerg Endisch
                 Position held by this person:    Approvals engineer
                 E-mail:                          endisch@dvgw-ebi.de




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                    46/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 11. ARGB (BE)
                 Legal name:                      Association Royale des Gaziers Belges
                                                  a.s.b.l.
                 Street, number:                  Rue de Rhode 125
                 Country, postal code, town:      Belgium, 1630 LINKEBEEK
                 Telephone (area code, number): + 32 2 383 02 00
                 Fax:                             + 32 2 380 87 04
                 Person in charge of the project: Mr. Kris de Wit
                 Position held by this perso:     Head of the Laboratory
                 E-mail:                          kris.dewit@argb.be

                 12. NTUA (GR)
                 Participant No. 3
                 Legal name:                      National Technical University of Athens
                                                  Laboratory of Steam Boilers & Thermal
                                                  Plants
                 Street, number:                  9 Heroon Polytechniou (Polytechnioupoli
                                                  Zografou)
                 Country, postal code, town:      GR 157 80 Athens, Greece
                 Telephone (area code, number): +30-010-772 3662 / 3841
                 Fax:                             +30-010-772 3663
                 Person in charge of the project: Dr. Emm. Kakaras
                 Position held by this person:   Assoc. Professor NTUA
                 E-mail:                         ekak@central.ntua.gr




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       47/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 9. Description of participants
                 The expertise and experience in the relevant fields have been detailed in the
                 previous pages. The capacity of the contractor to implement the action is
                 demonstrated by the list of EU supported projects list given further below.
                 Below we are giving the general information about the diffreeent partners.


                 Proposer No. 1: (Project co-ordinator) DGC
                 DGC is a research and testing laboratory in the field of domestic and indus-
                 trial applications of natural gas. DGC was the manager of several projects
                 related to boiler efficiency measurement and is presently co-ordinating a
                 European network of laboratories.
                 DGC, therefore, has experience in management of EU projects. DGC has
                 also a recognised expertise in the field of boiler testing and in the develop-
                 ment of methods for testing heating appliances. DGC is coordinating the
                 network of laboratories testing heating appliances LABNET. DGC is also a
                 member of IGU, GERG, and Marcogaz and can benefit also by the numer-
                 ous contacts when needed for the project.


                 Proposer No 2: Building Research Establishment (BRE)
                 BRE is UK‟s leading construction and fire technology centre, providing
                 research, consultancy and information services to customers world-wide.
                 BRE‟s capabilities cover every aspect of the design, construction, use, and
                 demolition of buildings and BRE has particular skills in areas such as con-
                 struction performance and innovation, building services, environment and
                 energy, and whole building performance.

                 Previous experience
                 BRE manages the Energy Efficiency Best Practice programme for buildings
                 for the UK government. BRE also provides direct consultancy and innova-
                 tion support to industry and collaborates in a wide range of joint research
                 programmes with industry from both the UK and Europe. It is a founder
                 member of ENBRI, the European Network of Building Research Institutes
                 and contributes to numerous European and international standards commit-
                 tees.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      48/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Proposer No. 3: OWI
                 OWI GmbH was founded in 1998 as a spin-off enterprise from the Univer-
                 sity of Aachen. It is a research and development facility, which operates as a
                 non-profit limited company. Its main focus is the field of heating, combus-
                 tion systems and high-temperature process engineering for liquid fuels, es-
                 pecially on advanced combustion processes, basic heat and mass transfer,
                 process engineering and computational fluid mechanics and fuel cell appli-
                 cations. OWI members participate in CEN committees in Germany,
                 LABNET, DGMK (German Society for Petroleum and Coal, Science and
                 Technology), and VDI guideline task forces. The institute employs 25 per-
                 sons.
                 The research work includes fundamental research as well as applied re-
                 search and development. Main customers are the automotive sector, the
                 heating and combustion sector as well as the industrial furnace producers.
                 This research is substantially financed by the industry. The following facili-
                 ties are available:
                    Combustion test facilities with capacities up to 500 kW
                    Combustion diagnostics, FTIR
                    Sonic impulses laboratory
                    Test benches for Fuel Cell reformers
                    Test facilities for micro CHPs
                    Special temperature devices including radiation pyrometer

                 Proposer No. 4: DTI
                 DTI activities are research, development and consultancy within energy
                 production (except for electricity), energy distribution and energy use, and
                 testing of all kinds of HVAC equipment. DTI is the national reference labo-
                 ratory for temperature, pressure, water and energy flow. DTI activities are
                 research, development and consultations within energy production (except
                 for electricity), energy distribution and energy use. Testing of all kinds of
                 HVAC equipment. DTI is the national reference laboratory for temperature,
                 pressure, water and energy flow.
                 Danish Technological Institute, Division of Energy, has 90 years of experi-
                 ence within all kinds of energy technology. DTI are running research and
                 development within all kinds of HVAC-products. DTI are running test rigs
                 for boilers, heat pumps, flowmeters, valves, radiators, solar collectors etc.
                 and DTI is in charge of the Danish test station for photo-voltage-plants. Fur-




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      49/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 thermore, DTI are doing basic research within photo-cells based on organic
                 materials.


                 Proposer No. 5: ECI (UK)
                 Oxford University (Environmental Change Institute)
                 The Environmental Change Unit (ECI) is Oxford University‟s multidiscipli-
                 nary centre for the organisation and promotion of research and teaching on
                 the environment. The ECI has co-ordinated and participated in a number of
                 large EC contracts. Oxford University offers a rich tapestry of colleges and
                 departments working actively on all aspects of the environment, including
                 carbon reduction and climate change. During 2001 the ECI employed over
                 30 research and administrative staff distributed between four major research
                 programmes, of which the Lower Carbon Futures (LCF) is the largest. LCF
                 has ten years of experience in the provision of information, analysis and
                 policy options to reduce the environmental impacts of energy use. LCF‟s
                 major areas of expertise are:

                 Consumer behaviour and energy use
                 Individuals directly consume some 50% of national energy through personal
                 transport and household requirements. Our understanding of consumer be-
                 haviour, attitudes and values, which drive increasing demand, allows us to
                 target policies more effectively. We have carried out considerable research
                 in this area, including for example the major DECADE and CADENCE
                 projects that involved inter-country comparisons, modelling and analysis of
                 domestic energy demand and the presenting of policy options.

                 Market transformation policy
                 Market transformation is a multi-policy strategy to accelerate the adoption
                 of energy efficient products. We have worked with industry, the UK and EU
                 governments and other stakeholders to achieve a common approach to en-
                 ergy and carbon savings.

                 Labelling
                 LCF has developed expertise in the field of labelling and has undertaken
                 several large-scale European projects in this area, such as „Cool labels‟ an
                 EU-wide evaluation of the refrigeration label after 3 years of implementa-
                 tion.



BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      50/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Sustainability and equity
                 Through our work on fuel and transport poverty, as well as energy advice to
                 low income households, we address the issue of social equity. These con-
                 cepts are now incorporated into national policy and our research is influenc-
                 ing the equity debate in the UK.

                 Renewable energy
                 Our innovative and expanding research in this sector includes:
                    Our solar project compares the performance of eleven different types of
                     photovoltaic modules in the UK and Spain and is one of the few inde-
                     pendent tests being carried out in this area.
                    An evaluation of the UK government field trials of PV
                    Wind energy policies in Europe and China
                    Tracking developments of green electricity markets in Europe, and the
                     scope to implement an EU label for electricity

                 The ECI will use a multidisciplinary team for this project, including:
                    Dr Brenda Boardman: Brenda runs the Lower Carbon Futures team at
                     the ECI. She has extensive experience of working with end-users, focus
                     groups and interviews. She is especially known for her work on energy
                     policy and labelling.
                    Dr Kevin Lane has substantial expertise of UK and European energy
                     policy. Has provided the expertise for modelling and scenario develop-
                     ment in many UK and end-use EU studies.
                    Dr Louise Rickard: She has extensive European experience having been
                     based at the European Environment Agency and is fluent in French,
                     Swedish, Danish and Norwegian. Her research expertise includes a
                     background in the workings of the UK and European water markets, as
                     well as the green electricity markets of the UK and Europe.

                 Proposer No. 6: Cetiat
                 CETIAT is a testing and research laboratory. Heating Systems and Combus-
                 tion Department is specifically involved in the field of central heating boil-
                 ers (using gas, oil or wood as fuel) and radiators. CETIAT is an accredited
                 laboratory to perform type-testing examination of gas appliances and fuel oil
                 boilers.
                 CETIAT is also participating in many European projects. CETIAT is well
                 experienced in the field of measurements of boilers.
                 CETIAT experts participate in the Technical committees of the CEN in
                 France and in Europe.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      51/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Proposer No.7: VTT
                 VTT, the Technical Research Centre of Finland, is an impartial expert or-
                 ganisation that carries out technical and techno-economic research and de-
                 velopment work. VTT Building Technology offers research and testing ser-
                 vices, consulting and training in the field of building technology. Develop-
                 ment of methods of analysing energy use and energy-saving technologies in
                 buildings is one of the activities concerned.
                 VTT has experience in testing of the heating boilers, including the type test-
                 ing according to boiler efficiency Directive 92/42. VTT participated in a
                 number of SAVE-projects in recent years.


                 Proposer No. 8: Gaz de France
                 Gaz de France‟s activities are importing, transmission, storage, distribution
                 and marketing of natural gas. The objective of its research work is to make
                 continuous improvements in the techniques used both in these various fields
                 and in the utilisation of natural gas, the final aim being to provide consum-
                 ers with natural gas at the lowest possible cost while ensuring optimum
                 flexibility, reliability, safety and respect for the environment.
                 Gaz de France has a wide experience of industrial residential and commer-
                 cial gas utilisation and performs research and development on a broad range
                 of technologies from the fundamental research in collaboration with French
                 scientific research council, universities, engineering schools to the develop-
                 ment and promotion of new high efficiency techniques in collaboration with
                 its industrial partners. Many of the developments from Gaz de France are
                 protected by patents, and licences are negotiated with industrials.


                 Proposer No. 9: Grundfos
                 Products
                 With an annual production of 10 million pump units, Grundfos is one of the
                 world's leading pump manufacturers. Circulator pumps (UP), submersible
                 pumps (SP), and centrifugal pumps (CR) are the three major product groups.
                 Today, Grundfos is the world's largest manufacturer of circulator pumps,
                 covering approximately 50 per cent of the world market for these pumps. In
                 addition to pumps, Grundfos manufactures electric motors for the pumps
                 and has a considerable production of electric motors for separate merchan-
                 dising.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                      52/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Furthermore, Grundfos develops and sells state-of-the-art electronics for
                 controls for pumps and other systems.

                 Applications
                 Circulator pumps are used for heating, ventilation and air-conditioning in
                 domestic houses, office buildings, hotels, etc.
                 In the industry the pumps are used in processes as well as in the area of
                 plant maintenance; furthermore, as important built-in parts in OEM products
                 (Original Equipment Manufacture).
                 In the water-supply and waste-water segment Grundfos offers a wide range
                 of reliable pumps for irrigation, green houses and for municipal, private and
                 industrial water supply as well as sewage applications.

                 Global extension
                 The Grundfos Group is represented by companies in all parts of the world.
                 In addition, distributors in a large number of countries merchandise Grund-
                 fos products.

                 Establishment
                 Grundfos was established in 1945 by the late Poul Due Jensen. At first he
                 gave his company the name of "Bjerringbro Pressestøberi og Maskinfabrik"
                 (Bjerringbro Die-Casting and Machine Factory) and not until 1967, after
                 several changes of names, did the company get its present name,
                 GRUNDFOS


                 Proposer No. 10: DVGW
                 The DVGW Bonn ("Deutsche Vereinigung des Gas- und Wasserfaches e. V.
                 echnisch-wissenschaftlicher Verein", the German technical and scientific
                 association on gas and water), together with the test laboratory in Karlsruhe,
                 is testing, certifying, and surveying all products for the use and distribution
                 of gas. In addition, DVGW is auditing and certifying gas supply companies
                 as well as manufacturer of gas products.


                 Proposer No. 11: ARGB
                 ARGB is the national gas testing institute of Belgium. ARGB has a wide
                 experience in testing and certification of appliances.




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                     53/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 Proposer No. 12: NTUA
                 The Laboratory of Steam Boilers and Thermal Plants of NTUA has been
                 working for the last 20 years on combustion and heat transmission applied
                 for domestic and industrial plants.
                 It is the first organisation performing boiler efficiency measurements in
                 Greece and it is accredited as Notified Body (CE 0617) within EU for test-
                 ing and CE marking certification in accordance with the EU directive
                 92/42/EEC. The Laboratory operates according to the European Norm ΕΝ-
                 45.001.
                 The Laboratory has been contributing to various research projects partially
                 funded by the E.U. and national organisations in co-operation with other
                 Universities and companies (JOULE, Thermie, TMR, LIFE, INCO, etc.).




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       54/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                 10. Resources
                 The breakdown of the financing is based on the hypothesis that the partners
                 are not going to get any fundings from other public or private bodies. At this
                 stage, we do not know if this is true or not.
                 The percentage refunding rate suggested is 90% for coordination tasks and
                 40% for all other costs. This explains the discrepancies in the tables below.
                 For one of the partners, a higher rate is requested (university)

                                                               · DGC (DK)

                 Total eligible costs                          149550   100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    93945    63%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0      0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0      0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0      0
                 - own funding                                  55605    37%


                                                               · BRE (UK)

                 Total eligible costs                           57498   100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    22999    40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0      0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0      0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0      0
                 - own funding                                  34499    60%


                                                               · OWI (GE)

                 Total eligible costs                           42800   100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    17120    40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0      0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0      0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0      0
                 - own funding                                  25680    60%


                                                               · DTI (DK)

                 Total eligible costs                           97080   100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    38832    40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0      0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0      0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0      0
                 - own funding                                  58248    60%




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       55/Error! Unknown switch argument.


                                                               · ECI (UK)

                 Total eligible costs                           32400       100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    30240        93%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0          0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0          0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0          0
                 - own funding                                   2160         7%


                                                               · CETIAT (FR)

                 Total eligible costs                           25650       100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    10260        40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0          0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0          0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0          0
                 - own funding                                  15390        60%


                                                               · VTT (FI)

                 Total eligible costs                           41553       100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    16621        40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0          0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0          0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0          0
                 - own funding                                  24932        60%


                                                               · GdF (FR)

                 Total eligible costs                           37640       100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    15056        40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0          0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0          0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0          0
                 - own funding                                  22584        60%


                                                               Grundfos (DK)

                 Total eligible costs                          21453        100%
                 - requested EC contribution                   8581,2        40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0          0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0          0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0          0
                 - own funding                                 12872         60%




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                       56/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                                                               · DVGW (GE)

                 Total eligible costs                           29820   100%
                 - requested EC contribution                    11928    40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0      0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0      0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0      0
                 - own funding                                  17892    60%


                                                               · NTUA (GR)

                 Total eligible costs                            8199   100%
                 - requested EC contribution                   3279,6    40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0      0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0      0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0      0
                 - own funding                                 4919,4    60%


                                                               · ARGB (BE)

                 Total eligible costs                           22850   100%
                 - requested EC contribution                     9140    40%
                 - expected funding from other public bodies        0      0
                 - expected from private bodies                     0      0
                 - expected income from conference fees etc.        0      0
                 - own funding                                  13710    60%




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                                57/Error! Unknown switch argument.

                    11. Related projects and previous proposals (max. 1 page)
                    1) Relevant references

                    1. Electrical consumption of central heating appliances. Joint GERG-
                       SAVE workshop. Hørsholm (DK), 4 April, 2001
                    2. Electrical consumption of domestic boilers. DGC report, July 1999.
                    3. “Heat contribution of the pump” (Work package 4 of contract
                       MAT1/CT92.0009: Full and part load efficiency measurements for boil-
                       ers). DGC, November 1994
                    4. Electrical auxiliary energy. Draft BEDAC document.
                    5. CEN prEN13203
                    6. "Promotion of energy efficiency in circulation pumps, especially in do-
                       mestic heating systems" SAVE contract No 4.1031/-Z/99-256. Final re-
                       port, Grundfos, Bjerringbro, Denmark. Finished 2001
                    7. "Monitoring of the Energy Efficiency Progress after the implementation
                       of the Hot-Water Boilers Directive” Contract no. 4.1031/C/00-031/2000
                    8. "Demand side management. End use metering campaign in the residen-
                       tial sector" SAVE Contract 4.1031-93-58

                    2) SAVE or other EU projects with the partners

PRO-      PROPOSAL NO.        COMMIS-     TITLE                                               STATUS - IF
POSER                         SION’S DG                                                       ABANDON-
                                                                                              ED GIVE
                                                                                              REASON
DGC (1)   SA 4.1031/93-008    XVII        Annual efficiency calculation method for domes- Completed
                                          tic boilers
DGC (2)   4.1031/2/SA/74/96/ XVII         Annual efficiency: Pilot operation for the use of   Completed
          DK                              the harmonised system BoilSim


DGC (3)   4.1031/D/97.025     XVII        Improvement of the Methodology of Efficiency        Ongoing
                                          Measurement for Domestic Boilers
DGC (4)   MAT 1 – CT 92 -     XII         Full and Part Load Efficiency Measurement for       Completed
          0009                            Boilers
DGC (5)   SMT 4 – CT 95 -     XII         Improvement of Interlaboratory Reproducibility      Completed
          1606                            for NOx and CO Measurements
DTI       SA/13/94/DK         DG-I        Education and Training – DH Techniques              Completed
DTI -     XVII/4.1031/93-16   DG-XVII     Energy Labelling of Air Conditioners                Completed
TNO
DTI                           DG-XVII     EC Energy labelling                                 Completed
DTI       BRE2-CT94-1003      BRITE       Production Technology for Highly Insulating         Completed
                              EURAM       Evacuated Windows
DTI       STR/0194/95/DK      DG-XVII     Strategy for the Dissemination of Wind Energy       Completed
                                          in Europe
DTI       STR/0193/95/DK      DG-XVII     Strategy for the Extended Use of DH and –           Completed
                                          Cooling in Europe, Incl. the Con-tinuation of the
                                          Marketing Group on




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                              58/Error! Unknown switch argument.

PRO-       PROPOSAL NO.        COMMIS-     TITLE                                            STATUS - IF
POSER                          SION’S DG                                                    ABANDON-
                                                                                            ED GIVE
                                                                                            REASON
DTI (6)    4.1031/Z/96/072     XVII        Estimation of energy savings by replacement of   Completed
                                           fuel, oil and gas boilers
Gastec (7) XVII/4.1031/Z/95-   DG-XVII     Framework for a European method to deter-
           052                             mine the energy consumption of domestic hot
                                           water production
Gastec (8) XVII/4.1031/Z/97-   DG-XVII     Energy consumption calculation method for
           48                              domestic hot water and combined systems


      Partners in some of the projects of the above tables
                      (1):     British Gas, CETIAT, DTI, GASTEC, Gaz de France, Italgas,
                               LTH, Ruhrgas, TNO
                      (2):     DTI, GASTEC, TNO
                      (3):     CETIAT, DTI, GASTEC, TNO
                      (4):     GASTEC NV, CETIAT, Dansk Teknologisk Institut (DTI), British
                               Gas plc, ARGB, TUV Rheinland, Liège University, TNO, Italgas,
                               Gaz de France, Gasunie, Grundfos, Caradon Ideal, LTH, De
                               Dietrich Thermique, Hepworth Heating LTD.
                      (5):     ARGB, British Gas, CETIAT, DTI, DVGW, EMPA, GASTEC,
                               Gasunie, Gaz de France, IST, REPSOL, Ruhrgas, SP
                      (6):     BSRIA, IKE, GDF, BG PLC, CETIAT, NEFIT, VITO, LTH,
                               VAILLANT, DGC, GASTEC, EMPA, TNO, ITALGAS.
                      (7):     TNO, DGC, DTI.
                      (8):     DGC, TNO, DTI, LTH, ITALGAS, CETIAT, IKE, BG PLC,
                               VITO, BSRIA, GdF.

                      LIST OF SAVE-PROJECTS WITH VTT PARTICIPATING

Main Contractor      Proposal No.                  Title                                             Status

Finnish Real Es-     XVII/4.1091/SA/6T/96/FIN      Post-acceptance Phase and Follow-up En-           completed
tate Federation                                    ergy Audits in Buildings                          99

VTT Building         4.1031/Z/95-118               Development, implementation and demon-            completed
Technology                                         stration of an energy certification scheme for    98
                                                   residential and office buildings

TNO                  4.1031/Z/96-029               Improving municipal energy management by          completed
                                                   motivational measures and knowledge trans-        99
                                                   fer




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                                   59/Error! Unknown switch argument.

Main Contractor       Proposal No.                    Title                                                 Status

Finnish Real Es-      XVII/4.1031/Z/96-068            Energy management targets in maintenance              completed
tate Federation                                       contracts of buildings                                99

VTT Building          SA/124/95/FIN                   High performance windows: assessment of               completed
Technology                                            energy and cost efficiency and market condi-          98
                                                      tions- HIPE

Helsinki City Pub-    XVII/4.1040/ 95-018             Action-orientation in urban energy manage-            completed
lic Works De-                                         ment through the formation of energy teams            99
partment                                              in the cities of Helsinki, Graz, Schiedam and
                                                      Geel




                      VTT Building Technology works as a consultant of Helsinki Energy
                      Agency in SAVE II-project :
                      TPF of Energy Efficiency in Public Buildings - Pilot Actions and Schemes
                      for Implementation
                      (Contract no. 4.1031/Z97-017), ongoing project


                      ECI SAVE projects

 Acronym             Description of project

 DECADE 1            “Domestic equipment and carbon dioxide emissions”
                     Funded by the European Commission (DG XVII) under the SAVE programme
                     and the Energy Efficiency Office, Department of the Environment, UK and the
                     Unit’s own resources. 1.1.94 – 31.12.95

                     Analysis and modelling of the UK electricity demand due to appliances and lighting. Identification
                     of policy options for improving efficiency.

 DECADE 2            funded by the European Commission under the SAVE programme and the Energy Efficiency
                     Management Directorate, Department of the Environment, UK. January 1996 until September
                     1997.

                     Analysis and modelling of the UK electricity demand due to appliances and lighting. Identification
                     of policy options for improving efficiency.

 TV/VCR standby      Study on the “standby power used in televisions and video cassette recorders”. Co-ordinated by
                     Novem (Dutch Energy Agency), funded mainly by European Commission

 DESWH               Domestic Electric Stored Hot Water (DESHW), for the European Commission, coordinated by
                     EVA, Austrian Energy Agency. 1.2.96-30.6.97




BOILER SAVELEC
                                                                     60/Error! Unknown switch argument.

 Acronym             Description of project

 DELight             “domestic efficient lighting”. Funded by the UK Department of the Environment and SAVE pro-
                     gramme, DG XVII, European commission. Partners were NUTEK in Sweden and RAESECU in
                     Germany. April 1997 – June 1998

                     Analysis of socio-technical barriers and opportunities affecting penetration of energy efficient
                     lighting in Europe

 ELCAEC              Cool Labels - Evaluation of the first three years of the EU energy label on cold appliances. Man-
                     aged by the ECI and involving collaboration with 37 organisations across the EU. Funded by DG
                     XVII of the European Commission. Completed September 1998

 CADENCE              CArbon dioxide from Domestic equipment”: End use efficiency and Consumer Education).
                     Managed by the ECI with collaborators in Portugal (ISR) and the Netherlands (Ecofys). January
                     1998 – February 2000

                     Analysis of domestic gas and electricity use in the UK, the Netherlands and Portugal in order to
                     inform policy on potential energy savings and fuel-switching opportunities. Final report published
                     as "Lower Carbon Futures".

 Ovens               Study for the European Commission, managed by TTS (Finland) March 1998 – September 1999

 ICECAP              “International collaboration on energy efficient cold appliance purchasing”, co-ordinated by
                     Ademe (France) and STEM (Sweden). January 1999-June 2001

 Water heaters       WATER HEATERS STUDY for the European Commission, managed by Novem, involving many
                     institutions across EU.

 FUNSERV             “Functional service” is a European Commission SAVE project, which examined and field tested
                     the functional service approach. The partners were Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
                     (Germany), ECI, University of Oxford (UK), Electrolux AB (Sweden), Stadtwerke Leipzig and
                     Bremen (Germany) and WIENSTROM (Austria), and Vattenfall (Sweden).

 Space heating       EC, 18 months, February 2000 – November 2001. Project led by BRG, funding from EC.

 Circulation pumps   Funded EC and Grundfos. Start 1.12.99 end 31.3.2001, Co-ordinated by Grundfos. ECI and
                     vhk.

 4Celectricity       4CElectricity – Electricity “Consumer choice and carbon consciousness for electricity”. ECI co-
                     ordinating, with Stockholm Environment Institute (Sweden), OKO-power (Germany), EVA (Aus-
                     tria), IT-Power (UK), Central University of Europe (Hungary). Start 1.1.2002, end 31.9.2003



                      Bold are the projects led by ECI.




BOILER SAVELEC

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:9/8/2011
language:English
pages:60