EGR 105 by yaoyufang

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									         EGR 105
Foundations of Engineering I
       Fall 2010 – Day 1
        Introduction
     EGR 105 – Day 1 Topics
•   Syllabus (refer to handout)
•   MAP-Works
•   Comments on engineering
•   Assignments #0, and #1
•   Visit the ECC and Discovery Center
                   Syllabus
•   Goals
•   Instructors
•   COE Website (a valuable resource)
•   Schedule
    – Classroom component
    – Seminar series
    – Student presentations (teams)
• Grading
Where are you?
                     DISCOVERY CENTER
                     (ECC)




UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
(UC)




                                N
What department is your
       major in?
   Major              Department                     Building
Biomedical   Electrical, Computer, and       Kelley Hall
             Biomedical Engineering (ECBE)


Chemical     Chemical Engineering (CHE)      Crawford Hall

Civil        Civil and Environmental         Bliss Hall
             Engineering (CVE)


Computer     Electrical, Computer, and       Kelley Hall
             Biomedical Engineering (ECBE)


Electrical   Electrical, Computer, and       Kelley Hall
             Biomedical Engineering (ECBE)


Industrial   Mechanical, Industrial, and     Gilbreth/Wales Halls
             Systems Engineering (MCISE)


Mechanical   Mechanical, Industrial, and     Wales Hall
             Systems Engineering (MCISE)


Ocean        Ocean Engineering (OCE)         Sheets Building
     EGR 105 – Day 1 Topics
•   Syllabus
•   MAP-Works
•   Comments on engineering
•   Assignments #0 and #1
•   Visit the ECC and Discovery Center
            MAP-Works
• Making Achievement Possible
• Required Assessment of all first-year
  freshmen and transfer students
• Done on-line during weeks 3 and 11
• Provides immediate feedback to students
• Advisors review and contact students as
  needed
 What Will MAP-Works Do?
• MAP-Works empowers students to:
  – 1) Recognize gaps between their behavior
    and their desired outcomes;
  – 2) Gain insights about themselves through
    social-norming;
  – 3) Understand the elements that impact their
    social and academic success; and
  – 4) Reach out and utilize on-campus resources
    that can help them address their problems.
             MAP-Works
• Your participation in this assessment
  process is required
• It will account for 10% of you grade
  in EGR 105 (refer to syllabus)
  – 5% for week 3 participation
  – 5% for week 11 participation
• MAP-Works web site (see next slide also)
          https://uri.map-works.com
     EGR 105 – Day 1 Topics
•   Syllabus
•   MAP-Works
•   Overview of engineering
•   Assignments #0 and #1
•   Visit the ECC and Discovery Center
What is engineering?
         Engineering is

“the art of applying scientific and
  mathematical principles, experience,
  judgment, and common sense to make
  things that benefit people.”
What do engineers do?
Turn Ideas Into Reality!
          Engineering….

• applies the principles of science and
  mathematics to develop economical
  solutions to various technical problems
• is the link between scientific discoveries
  and the commercial applications that meet
  the needs of society and consumers
             Engineers…
•   Develop new, innovative products…
•   Work in design, testing, production…
•   Use computers extensively…
•   Specialize by area of expertise…
•   Imagine and explore…
•   Creative solutions…
      Engineers…



Build the quality of life…
       Engineers Work in
• Analysis – modeling of physical systems
• Design – solving a problem
• Testing – showing that design meets
  requirements
• Sales – liaison to the customer
• Management – project oversight
• Development – reusing existing principles
• Research – asking and solving new problems
• and much more……
     Develop New Products
• Precisely specify functional requirements
• Design and test the components
• Integrate components to produce the final
  design
• Evaluate the design’s overall
  effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety
   Testing, Production, …
• Determine the causes of component
  failure
• Test manufactured products to maintain
  quality
• Supervise production in factories
• Estimate the time and cost to complete
  projects
Use Computers Extensively
• To analyze designs
• To simulate and test how a machine,
  structure, or system operates
• To generate specifications for parts
• To monitor product quality and control
  process efficiency
          Specialize by Area
•   Biomedical            •   Aerospace
•   Chemical              •   Agricultural
•   Civil/Environmental   •   Marine
•   Computer              •   Materials
•   Electrical            •   Mining
•   Industrial/Systems    •   Nuclear
•   Mechanical            •   Petroleum
•   Ocean                 •   etc.
Why study engineering?
Rewards and Opportunities of
   an Engineering Career
1.  Job satisfaction…
2.  Variety of career opportunities…
3.  Challenging work…
4.  Intellectual development…
5.  Social impact and benefits to society…
6.  Financial security…
7.  Prestige…
8.  Professional environment and
   development…
9. Understanding how things work…
10. Avenue for expressing creativity…
     Source: “Studying Engineering: A Road Map to a Rewarding Career” (2007), by Raymond B. Landis
What‟s the outlook for
   engineering?
   U.S. Dept of Labor Report
       Outlook Handbook 2010-2011
           (Source: www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm#emply)


• Job opportunities in engineering are expected
  to be very good; will vary by specialty
• A bachelor’s degree in engineering is
  minimum required for most entry-level jobs
• Starting salaries are among the highest of
  all college graduates
• Continuing education is critical for
  engineers as technology evolves
Is engineering a
 popular major
   in college?
Not Really, Typical College
 Graduates Distribution

      Major           Number      Percentage
Business              311,574       21.6%
Social Science        156,892       10.9%
Education             105,451       7.3%
Applied Science        97,867       6.8%
Communications         72,715       5.1%
Engineering            64,906       5.5%
All others            629,859       42.8%
             Totals   1,439,264     100%
Is there a most popular
  engineering major?
Engineering by Major -2009-
Engineering Discipline                     (%)                 Other Disciplines                        (%)
Mechanical                                 23.4         Metallurgical and Materials                     1.4
Civil                                      14.9         Architectural                                   1.0
Electrical                                 13.3         Petroleum                                       0.9
Computer                                    7.5         Biological/Agricultural                         0.8
Chemical                                    7.0         Nuclear                                         0.5
Biomedical                                  4.9         Ocean                                           0.3
Industrial                                  4.7         Mining                                          0.3
Aerospace                                   4.1         All others                                      15.2



        Source: “Studying Engineering: A Road Map to a Rewarding Career” (2007), by Raymond B. Landis
Are there many engineers
       in the USA?
U.S. Dept of Labor Report
      Outlook Handbook 2010-2011
             (Source: www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm#emply)

  Engineering Discipline        No. of Engineers (% of All Engineers)
Civil/Environmental                         278,400 (17.7%)
Mechanical                                  238,700 (15.2%)
Industrial                                  214,800 (13.2%)
Electrical                                  157,800 (10.0%)
Computer                                     74,700 (4.8%)
Chemical                                     31,700 (2.0%)
Petroleum                                    21,900 (1.4%)
Biomedical                                   16,000 (1.0%)
Ocean                                         8,500 (0.5%
All others                                  529,400 (33.7%)
Total (% of U.S. Workforce)                 1,571,900 (1.2%)
Where are they employed?
       Most Work in
     the Private Sector
   Employment Sector           Percentage
Business/Industry                79.2%
Federal Government               5.9%
Educational Institutions         5.4%
State/Local Government           5.3%
Self-Employed                    4.2%
                       Total     100%
Do they stay in
 engineering?
Percentage by Age Still
    in Engineering
Is the BS degree enough?
Advanced Degrees are Popular

            Degree(s)        Number with Degree(s)
    BS degree only                 1,637,000
    BS + MS                         396,000
    BS + PhD                        80,000
    Engineering + Business          226,000
    Engineering + Science           162,000
    Engineering + Other             114,000
 Is an MBA or another
Masters Degree key for
   getting into upper
     management?
Percentage in „Senior‟
  Management with
 Advanced Degrees
Can I get by without the BS?
Percentage by Discipline
   with a BS Degree
Finally, how about salaries?
                  Quick Look
               (Source: http://www.naceweb.org/home.aspx)


National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE)

   The 2010 NACE salary study, based on more than 9,000
   job offers reported by 108 U.S. colleges and universities,
   found that accounting services companies offered the
   most jobs to 2010 bachelor’s degree graduates,
   followed by engineering and financial services
   companies.
       What about salaries?
              (Source: http://www.naceweb.org/home.aspx)



National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE)

         NACE 2010 salary survey showed that:
     Engineers commanded the highest salary offers,
                    averaging $56,367,
            followed by accounting at $50,402,
             and financial services at $49,703.
  Salary Ranges – May 2009
             (Source: http://stats.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_nat.htm#17-0000)


        Discipline                 Lowest         Median (50%)          Highest
                                    10%                                  10%
Petroleum                          $ 58,600          $ 108,910         $ 150,310
Computer                           $ 60,690          $ 98,820          $ 148,910
Chemical                           $ 56,090          $ 88,280          $ 132,980
Electrical/Electronics             $ 55,185          $ 82,210          $ 130,080
Civil                              $ 49,620          $ 81,180          $ 118,320
Biomedical                         $ 49,480          $ 78,860          $ 123,270
Mechanical                         $ 49,730          $ 77,020          $ 117,550
Industrial                         $ 48,840          $ 75,110          $ 109,220
Ocean                              $ 48,500          $ 74,330          $ 110,960
    Average Starting Salaries
            –2010–
Engineering Discipline                    Salary                 Other Disciplines    Salary
Petroleum                                $ 86,220         Computer Science            $ 61,205
Chemical                                 $ 65,142         Info Science and Systems    $ 54,038
Computer                                 $ 60,879         Accounting                  $ 47,982
Civil                                    $ 59,700         Finance                     $ 49,607
Electrical                               $ 59.074         Business Admin/Mgmt         $ 45,200
Mechanical                               $ 58,392         Marketing                   $ 43,459
Industrial                               $ 57,734         Nursing                     $ 39,000
Biomedical                               $ 54,352         Public Relations            $ 36,826
Ocean                                    $ 54,180         Liberal Arts                $ 31,000

Source: http://theprofessionalengineer.com/2010/02/09/engineering-graduates-salary/
Employment Opportunities

        “Engineers get almost
      6 times as many job offers
        as the average number
for graduates in all other disciplines.”

Source: “Studying Engineering: A Road Map to a Rewarding Career” (2007), by Raymond B. Landis
     EGR 105 – Day 1 Topics
•   Syllabus
•   MAP-Works
•   Overview of engineering
•   Assignments #0, and #1
•   Visit the ECC and Discovery Center
              Assignment #0
• Contact me by e-mail by the next class
  – Tell me about yourself (need your full name)
      •   Major you are interested in
      •   Interests
      •   Hobbies
      •   Whatever you would like to add…
• Use e-mail address you regularly use


  –
           Assignments #1
• “A Hope in the Unseen: An American
  Odyssey for the Inner City to the Ivy
  League” by Ron Suskind
• See handout for instructions
  – Assignment #1 – due 7 days from today
  – Send to me by e-mail – include your full
    name in the assignment
  – Subject Line (important: format for all assignments):
     • EGR 105, Section XXX, Assignment #1
      EGR105 – Day 1 Topics
•   Syllabus
•   MAP-Works
•   Overview of engineering
•   Assignments #0 and # 1
•   Tour the ECC:
    – Get yourself an account (need it to access
      computers)
    – See the Discovery Center

								
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