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Pleural Effusion 1

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					PLEURAL EFFUSION
Done by:
Asem al Rumaih
Suad al Musa
Suhail kalantan
Hatem al Hatem
What is pleural effusion
   Definition: Is presence of fluid in the pleural space.



   Types:

   Transudate (hydrothorax) and Exudate
Causes:
   Exudates:
   produced by a variety of inflammatory conditions.
   Exudates arise from pleural or lung inflammation,
    from impaired lymphatic drainage of the pleural
    space.
   Transudate:
   imbalance in hydrostatic.
   iatrogenic infusion into the pleural space(i.e. venous
    catheters or nasogastric feeding tubes).
Common disease which cause pleural
effusion.
    Transudate:
1.     Congestive heart failure.
2.     Cirrhosis (hepatic hydrothorax).
3.     Atelectasis.

    Exudate:
1.    pneumonia.
2.    Malignancy (carcinoma, lymphoma, mesothelioma).
3.    Pulmonary embolism.
4.    Tuberculous.
5.    Viral pleuritis.
Pathology of Pleural Effusion:
   Go to page 505. Robbins Basic Pathology.
   7th ED.

				
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