Basic_Referee

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					       Basic Referee Course

               OBJECTIVES
Understand what to expect from U-10 players

    Successfully manage pre-game duties

         Know the parts of the field

Know the number of players in each age group

      Recognize ball in and out of play


             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
        Basic Referee Course

               OBJECTIVES
     Understand method of scoring
Know how to start,
      when to stop
              and how to restart play
      Basic understanding of fouls,
       misconduct and free kicks

             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
     Basic Referee Course
           OBJECTIVES

   Understand basics of offside

     Use appropriate signals

  Manage post-game situations

Understand the AYSO Team concept


         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
AYSO Philosophies

  Open Registration
   Balanced Teams
   Everyone Plays
  Positive Coaching
 Good Sportsmanship

    Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
       AYSO Philosophies

          Open Registration
Our program is open to all children between 4½
 and 19 years of age who want to register and
 play soccer. Interest and enthusiasm are the
            only criteria for playing

Some of our regions even have VIP Programs
  that provide a quality soccer experience for
   those with physical or mental disabilities
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
     AYSO Philosophies

         Balanced Teams
 Each year we form new teams as evenly
balanced as possible – because it is fair and
 more fun when teams of equal ability play




             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
       AYSO Philosophies

            Everyone Plays
Our program’s goal is for kids to play soccer –
  so we mandate that every player on every
  team must play at least half of every game




               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
      AYSO Philosophies
         Positive Coaching
Encouragement of player effort provides for
     greater enjoyment by the players and
 ultimately leads to better-skilled and better-
               motivated players

      OSITIVE
     NSTRUCTIONAL    PIE
      NCOURAGING
              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
      AYSO Philosophies

       Good Sportsmanship
  We strive to create a positive environment
based on mutual respect rather than a win-at-
all-costs attitude, and our program is designed
 to instill good sportsmanship in every facet of
                       AYSO



               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
      AYSO Philosophies

Open Registration
Balanced Teams
Everyone Plays
Positive Coaching
Good Sportsmanship
            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
AYSO Team




      KIDS
     COACHES
Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
  AYSO Team
AYSO Team Rules

 Work Together

 Help Each Other

Protect Each Other

   Do Our Best
    Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
                History of the Game
Soccer is known as Football outside the USA

Earliest “organized” game was called Calcio,
played by the Romans.

It was very brutal.

But a heck of a
lot of fun !!

  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
       History of the Game

The modern game dates from 1863 when the
Laws of the Game were established at a
London pub
        Two factions split from one another.
                                        One was Rugby.
                         The other was Football
                                       (soccer)

               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
        History of the Game
 FIFA (Federation International de
 Football Association) governs the
          worldwide game
                       USSF (United States Soccer
                       Federation) is the national
                            governing body

AYSO is a National Association
      member of USSF
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
    History of the Game

  The Laws of the Game can be
summarized in three simple words:


Fun
  Fair
   Safe

           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
    Philosophy of Refereeing

The Laws of the Game are intended to provide
that games should be played with as little
interference as possible, and in this view it is
the duty of the referee to penalize only
deliberate breaches of the Law.

Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful
breaches produces bad feelings and loss of
temper on the part of the players and spoils the
pleasure of spectators.
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
    Philosophy of Refereeing
In the younger players’ games, the referee is
  more of a friendly guide than policeman.

Young players that commit technical errors
(like taking a restart improperly) generally
     should be given a second chance.

Young players should never be subjected to
           public humiliation.
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
      Checking for Learning
  How many Philosophies does AYSO have?
                  FIVE

  Name three of the five AYSO Philosophies.
Open Registration, Balanced Teams, Everyone
 Plays, Positive Coaching, Good Sportsmanship

What acronym is used to describe how coaches
       are to behave with their players?
                    PIE
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
   Checking for Learning
  What does the acronym PIE stand for?
              Positive
              Instructional
              Encouraging
How many members are on the AYSO Team?
              THREE

  Name two of the four AYSO Team rules.
    Work together, Help each other,
    Protect each other, Do their best
             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
      Checking for Learning
          Which AYSO team member is
         the foundation of the program?
                   The Coach

      What three words embody the Spirit
          of the Laws of the Game?
               FUN FAIR SAFE

Should a young player who misbehaves be publicly
            disciplined as an example?
                       No
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 1
Understanding Younger Players




         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
        U-6 Players
  Physical Characteristics

   Early stages of development

     Can run, jump and skip,
but motor skills are still developing

   Lots of energy, but in bursts.
        Can still tire easily

         Can’t sit still long
          Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
         U-6 Players
Social/Emotional Characteristics

     Craves praise and attention
         Fearful of unknowns
       Needs encouragement
Rapid and unpredictable mood changes
    Disposition to telling tall tales


            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
            U-6 Players
  Thought/Cognitive Characteristics

Lacks judgment regarding own safety/abilities
           Does not think logically
           Asks lots of questions
               Fond of stories



               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
               U-8 Players
         Physical Characteristics

     Plays hard and works at playing hard
         Sense of timing is developing
     Eye-hand coordination has improved
Agility and endurance much better than U-6 U-8
           can now balance on one foot


               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
         U-8 Players
Social/Emotional Characteristics
  Starting to define likes and dislikes
        Friendship is important
        “Play” needs a purpose
            Afraid of failure
      Need for honesty training
  Starting to compare self to others
            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
         U-8 Players
Social/Emotional Characteristics
Self-esteem and self concept a big issue
       Becoming more outgoing
  Peer acceptance is very important
            Quick to tattle
       Cooperative with adults
   Interested in belonging to group
            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
          U-8 Players
Thought/Cognitive Characteristics
       Beginning to understand
       moral rules of behavior
       Can solve some problems
  Starting to grasp the Team concept
  Understands the viewpoint of others


            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
          U-8 Players
Thought/Cognitive Characteristics

      Needs concrete reinforcement
Treats every little mistake as a major crime
        Rigidly interprets ideas of
           justice and fair play



             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
          U-10 Players
     Physical Characteristics

More interested in competitive activities
   More interested in improving skills
      Attention span is increasing
      May accept a physical touch,
     but some will begin to reject it


            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
         U-10 Players
Social/Emotional Characteristics
   Group acceptance is important
         Wants to be liked
       Feelings are easily hurt
          May blame others
    to explain their own mistakes
        Needs reinforcement

           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
           U-10 Players
  Thought/Cognitive Characteristics
        Can recall details with accuracy
          Can understand the concept
              of cause and effect
Enjoys attention but their reaction to praise may
                be more subdued
      Still takes what is said quite literally

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
Understanding Younger Players




                      Implications for how
                     we officiate these games




        Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
    Dealing with Coaches/Spectators
Use the AYSO Team concept to enlist cooperation

Remain calm and professional
Maintain control of your emotions

Intervene early to prevent escalation
(A smile, wink or look can defuse a bad situation)

                                    Keep adults focused
                                on creating an enjoyable
                               experience for the players
                  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 2
                             Field of Play




                                            Halfway Line
                 Corner                                    Halfway
                  Flag                                      Flag
            Penalty       Goal
             Area                                                 Goal
                          Area

                           Penalty
                            Arc
Goal Line




                          Penalty
                           Mark                              Center
                 Corner                                      Circle
                  Arc

                                                               Touch Line

                              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
Pre-game Duties and Activities

              Arrive early
     Check field and equipment
 Introduce yourself to the Coaches
      Check players equipment
       Brief Assistant Referees
          Conduct coin toss

          Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
Pre-game Duties and Activities
            Arrive early

At least 15 minutes prior to game time
 (20-30 mins if first game of the day)

In proper uniform



            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
Pre-game Duties and Activities
          Arrive early
     With required equipment




         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
   Pre-game Duties and Activities
      Check Field and Equipment
Markings
Holes, glass, rocks, debris, etc.
Goals (properly secured)
Nets (secured, no holes/gaps)
Corner flags
Ball

     Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
  Pre-game Duties and Activities
Introduce yourself to the Coaches

Learn their names
and write them down
Be approachable
Not flippant, cold
or arrogant

              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
  Pre-game Duties and Activities
       Check players equipment
Team Uniform
  Shirt, Shorts, Shoes, Socks, Shinguards
If thermal shorts are worn, they
must be the same color as the shorts
Shinguards must be under the socks
Goalkeeper’s shirt must be distinguishable
 from all other players and the referee
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
   Pre-game Duties and Activities
        Check players equipment
Nothing dangerous (in your opinion)
No jewelry, watches, earrings
No casts or splints (even if padded)
Knee braces are okay, but only if padded and
  safe to all players (in your opinion)
Medical alert bracelets may be worn, but must
 be secured to the player with tape, cloth
 wristband or something similar that is safe.
 The information must remain visible
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
   Pre-game Duties and Activities
Brief Assistant Referees


Neutral AR’s:
Work as a team
Follow standard signals
Discuss non-standard signals
              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
   Pre-game Duties and Activities
Brief Assistant Referees
Club Linesmen:
Non-neutral
Explain expectations;
Put at ease
Only call in/out of play
  Raise flag straight up when ball has gone
    completely over the line.
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
Post-game Duties

        Collect the game ball and
             return to owner.
       Supervise team handshake
        Complete lineup card and
        misconduct report (if any)
   Congratulate referee team and
          seek feedback

  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
                                                      123       U10             ABC
                                                        Blue Angels
                                                         Blue/White
                                                          Jane Doe
                                                                 John Doe


                              3    Mia Hamm                      I I    X
                               5   Julie Foudy                                  X
                               7   Tiffeny Milbrett                         X
                               9   Cindy Parlow                                       X
                              11   Abby Wambach

Post-game                     13
                              15
                                   Kristine Lilly
                                   Michelle Akers
                                                                    I   X
                                                                                X


  Duties


                                   5/21/06            12:15           West
                                        1-1                           N/A
                                       3-2                         Blue Angels
                                                                   Red Devils



            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
       Checking for Learning
 During the safety inspection of the players, the
      referee notices that a player is wearing
   earrings. She explains that she had her ears
   pierced the previous day and if she removes
          the earrings the holes will close.
           What should the referee do?
  The referee should explain to the player that
earrings are not permitted; if she wishes to play,
   she must remove them. The referee may
           choose to involve the coach.
                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
       Checking for Learning
  In a U-8 game, the ball offered by the home
    team is a size 4 but otherwise acceptable.
          What should the referee do?

   Point out to the team that provided the ball
that it is the wrong size and ask for a size 3 ball.
  If the team cannot provide one, ask the other
 team for one. If no size 3 ball is available, play
            the match with a size 4 ball.

                  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
      Checking for Learning
 During the field inspection, the referee notices
  that a goal is being held in place by two bricks
       placed on the back of the structure.
          What should the referee do?

   Bricks resting on the goal structure are not
   sufficient to anchor it securely. The referee
should inform the coaches that the goals need to
be securely anchored before the match can start.

                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
       Checking for Learning

The goalkeeper must wear a jersey that is ____ ?
 Different from the referee and all other players

It is not necessary to check the field prior to the
   start of the match if it is the last game of the
   day. (True/False)
                        False

                  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
       Checking for Learning
A club linesman may indicate whether a corner
  kick can be awarded or not. (True/False)
 False. Club linesmen can only indicate when
    the ball has gone over the touchline or the
               goal line (not a goal).

Knee braces may be worn by a player.
  (True/False)
 True, but only if padded and if it is safe for all
      players, in the opinion of the referee.
                  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
Now that we’ve finished our
  pre-game activities....
How do we start the game?




        Basic Referee Course - Lesson 3
            Starting the Game
            Conduct coin toss
Brief introduction (no long lectures)
Doesn’t matter who tosses
the coin or who calls it
Winner of the coin toss
chooses which goal to attack
The other team takes
the kick-off
                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 4
                   Kick-Off

Verify the correct number of
   players on the field (no
 visible or audible counting).

Minimum of seven (7) players
  on each team for full-sided
      regulation games.


                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 4
 All players must be on their own side
Defenders must be 10 yds from the ball


                                             D                         A
             A        D

                                             A                         D
         A   D
                                                               D


                      A
                                                           A

                 A

                                                       D
     A                     D                                       D


                     Basic Referee Course - Lesson 4
                                            Kick-Off

                                  The ball is stationary in
                                   the center of the field.

     Referee blows whistle to start play.
Ball is in play when kicked and moves forward.

               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 4
             Keeping Time
Time starts when the ball has been put into
    play (kicked and moves forward).
  The match consists of two equal periods.
  The clock is stopped (or time added) for
excessive time lost due to substitutions, time
         wasting or unusual delays.
     The amount of time lost (if any) is
        determined by the referee.

               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 4
      Checking for Learning
The team that wins the coin toss chooses ____ ?
             Which goal to attack

  Where should the players be on a kick-off?
Each team should be in its own half of the field.
The team that is not taking the kick-off must be
           outside the center circle.


                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 4
        Stopping the Game
There are seven reasons to stop play:
1.   Ball goes out of play
2.   The referee deems it necessary
3.   Goal is scored
4.   Foul is committed
5.   Injury
6.   Substitution
7.   Halftime / End of Game
             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
     The lines of the field are part of
           the area they define:
       In Play

                   In Play

IN

OUT
                                           In Play

Either in the air or on the ground                   Out of Play


                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
The ball’s position determines
whether it is in or out of play;
  Not the player’s position




         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
    Play is stopped when the referee
            deems it necessary

 Sometimes there are
outside influences that
 make it necessary to
      stop play.



               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
 Play is stopped when a goal is scored

When the ball crosses
wholly over the goal line,
between the goalposts
and beneath the crossbar.

It does not matter which
team put it there.

               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
        Play is stopped when
        a foul is committed

          This is something that is
              unfair or unsafe.



Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
Play is stopped for injuries
ANYTIME IMMEDIATELY

                                In younger players’
                                games it’s better to
                                 err on the side of
                                      caution



       Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
      Play is stopped for injuries

Blood on clothing
     must be
   neutralized.

Blood on the body
must be removed.


This is the coach’s responsibility

               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
  Play is stopped for substitutions

There are four opportunities for substitutions:

  1.   Injury
  2.   Approx. midway through the first half
  3.   Halftime
  4.   Approx. midway through the second half




                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
Play is stopped at the end of the first
   half and at the end of the game




             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
     Checking for Learning
When can the referee stop play for an injury?
                 Anytime
               Immediately

A player dribbling the ball steps over the line.
      The ball is out of play. (True/False)
  False. It’s the position of the ball (not the
 player) that determines whether the ball is in
                   play or not.
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
       Checking for Learning
Is this ball IN or OUT of play?

                OUT                     IN


                                                    IN Play


                  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
      Checking for Learning
How many substitution opportunities are there
           in a regulation match?
                   Four

               Name them
    Approx. midway through the first half
                 Halftime
   Approx. midway through the second half
                   Injury
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
       Checking for Learning
A player is injured and leaves the field (with the
   referee’s permission). What are the coach’s
                substitution options?
1. The team can play short until the player
   returns to the field (with the referee’s
   permission); or
2. A substitute can replace the injured player.



                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
       Checking for Learning
A player is injured and leaves the field (with the
   referee’s permission). The coach decides to
   substitute the injured player. Which player
           gets credit for the “quarter”?

     The player that started the “quarter”.




                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
       Checking for Learning
 If the boundary line of the field is a rut in the
    grass and the ball gets caught in the rut as it
                 rolls, is it in play?

Yes. The lines are a part of the area they define.
    The ball remains in play until the entire ball
               crosses the entire line.



                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
    Checking for Learning
   According to the National Rules and
Regulations, what is the minimum amount of
    time each team member must play?

     Half the game (two “quarters”)




             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 5
            Fouls and Misconduct

                  OBJECTIVES:

      Explain the two categories of fouls
Cover fouls that occur in younger players’ games
     Introduce the concept of misconduct



                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
      A foul is an unsafe or unfair act:

1.   Committed by a player
2.   Against an opponent
3.   On the field of play
4.   While the ball is in play
     All four elements must
     exist for the incident to
             be a foul.
                   Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
Fouls are categorized into two types:

    Direct Free Kick fouls
    Indirect Free Kick fouls

 These categories are
  named for the way
   play is restarted

             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
           Direct Free Kick fouls
               There are 10

1. Kicks an opponent
2. Trips an opponent
3. Strikes an opponent

 Even the attempt to
 commit any of these
three actions is a foul.

               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
     Direct Free Kick fouls
              There are 10


4. Jumps at an opponent
5. Unfairly charges an opponent
6. Pushes an opponent




              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
       Direct Free Kick fouls
                            There are 10
     7. Holds an opponent
     8. Spits at an opponent
     9. Handles the ball deliberately




Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
     Direct Free Kick fouls
              There are 10
10. Tackles an opponent to gain possession
    of the ball, making contact with the
    opponent before touching the ball




                             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
      Direct Free Kick fouls
     Six of these fouls most commonly occur
         in U-10 and younger age groups:
•   Kicks an opponent
•   Trips an opponent
•   Pushes an opponent
•   Holds an opponent
•   Unfairly charges an opponent
•   Handles the ball deliberately

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
          Indirect Free Kick fouls
                There are 7
     The first four pertain solely to the
     goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

1. Takes more than six
   seconds while controlling
   the ball with his hands,
   before releasing it from his
   possession
              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
Indirect Free Kick fouls
The first four pertain solely to the
goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

        2. Touches the ball again with
           his hands after it has been
           released from his
           possession and has not
           touched any other player.
         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
    Indirect Free Kick fouls
    The first four pertain solely to the
    goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

3. Touches the ball with his
   hands after it has been
   deliberately kicked to him
   by a team-mate.

              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
Indirect Free Kick fouls
The first four pertain solely to the
goalkeeper in his own penalty area.

       4. Touches the ball with his
          hands after he has received
          it directly from a throw-in
          taken by a team-mate.

         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
    Indirect Free Kick fouls
The remaining three pertain to all players.

5. Plays in a dangerous manner

6. Impedes the progress of an opponent

7. Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing
   the ball from his hands

              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
          Indirect Free Kick
    Two of these fouls most commonly occur
        in U-10 and younger age groups:
• Plays in a dangerous manner
• Goalkeeper takes more than six seconds
  to put the ball into play
    Be prompt with the Dangerous Play call.
Don’t be too ticky-tacky with the “six second” call

                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
               MISCONDUCT
Behavior that is in serious conflict with the
spirit of the game and good sportsmanship
 (Something that’s very rare in the U-10 games)

         Two types of Misconduct:

        Those resulting in a Caution
        Those resulting in a Send-Off

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
                 MISCONDUCT
There are seven cautionable offences:
1. Unsporting behavior
2. Dissent by word or action
3. Persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
4. Delays the restart of play
5. Fails to respect the required distance on a corner
   kick, free kick or throw-in
6. Enters/re-enters the field of play without
   permission
7. Leaves the field of play without permission
                  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
                MISCONDUCT
There are seven send-off offences:
1. Serious foul play
2. Violent conduct
3. Spits at any person
4. Denies a goal or obvious goal-scoring
   opportunity by deliberately handling the ball
5. Denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by an
   offense punishable by a free kick or penalty kick
6. Offensive/insulting/abusive language or gestures
7. Receives a second caution in the same match

                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
  Misconduct is rare in U-10 games.
Referees should deal with it informally
       without showing cards.




            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
Coaches and spectators can be warned
 and even dismissed from the game.
But they must never
be shown the red or
    yellow card.




           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
     Checking for Learning
 There are two types of fouls. Name them.
           Direct Free Kick Fouls
          Indirect Free Kick Fouls

   Why are the fouls given these names?

They are named for the way play is restarted
 after the referee has stopped play because of
                    the foul.
              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
    Checking for Learning
What are the six Direct Free Kick fouls most
        often seen in U-10 games?
          Kicking an opponent
          Tripping an opponent
          Pushing an opponent
          Holding an opponent
      Unfairly Charging an opponent
      Handling the ball deliberately

              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
      Checking for Learning

What are the two Indirect Free Kick fouls most
          often seen in U-10 games?
               Dangerous Play

Goalkeeper takes more than six seconds to put
               the ball into play




               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
Checking for Learning
     What kind of foul is:
 Handling the ball deliberately?
      Direct Free Kick Foul

     What kind of foul is:
    Pushing and opponent?
      Direct Free Kick Foul


         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
      Checking for Learning
             What kind of foul is:
       Playing in a dangerous manner?
            Indirect Free Kick Foul

 If a player tries to hit another opponent but
      misses, the referee cannot call a foul.
                    (True/False)
False. Even the attempt to strike an opponent
                  can be a foul.
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
       Checking for Learning
The ball bounces up and hits a player in the arm.
                  Is this a foul?
                            No

 A player that’s lying on the ground kicks at the
    ball. No one else is near. Is this dangerous
                        play?
                            No

                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
      Checking for Learning
The referee thinks a foul may have occurred but
       he’s not sure. Should he stop play?
                           No

  A U-10 player is guilty of one of the types of
  Misconduct. The player should be shown the
        yellow or red card. (True/False)
The referee has the authority to show the card,
   but should work together with the coach to
  resolve the matter without displaying a card.
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
      Checking for Learning
A coach is behaving badly and the referee elects
     to dismiss the coach from the field. If the
    coach’s conduct is terribly bad, the referee
         may show the coach the red card.
        Cards are solely for the players.
        Coaches/Spectators are NEVER
            to be shown the cards.



                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 6
            Restarting the Game
For some reason, the game has been stopped.
     (Injury, goal, foul, ball out of play, etc.)



 How do we restart play?




                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
           Restarting the Game
                   THROW-IN
When the ball passes out of play over a touch
  line, play is restarted with a Throw-in.

 The throw is taken by the opponents of the
       team that last touched the ball.

  The throw is taken from the approximate
point on the line where the ball left the field.
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
           Restarting the Game
                   THROW-IN
At the moment of delivering
the ball, the thrower must:
  • Face the field of play;
  • Have part of each foot touching the
    ground either on or behind the line; and
  • Use both hands to deliver the ball from
    behind and over the head.
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
           Restarting the Game
                 THROW-IN
• The ball is in play as soon as released and
  any portion of it is on or over the outside
  edge of the touchline.
• Opposing players must be at
  least 2 yds. from the point
  of the throw-in.
• A goal may not be
  scored directly from a throw-in.
                                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
           Restarting the Game

                   GOAL KICK
  When the whole ball passes over the goal
line, last touched by an attacker (not a goal),
   play is restarted with a Goal Kick for the
                defending team.

The ball is placed anywhere in the goal area.

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
              GOAL KICK
All of these balls are legally placed
        within the goal area.




           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
           Restarting the Game
                   GOAL KICK
The ball is in play when it leaves the penalty
          area into the field of play
  The kicker cannot touch the ball a second
  time until it’s touched by any other player.
A goal can be scored directly from a goal kick,
     but only against the opposing team.

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
            Restarting the Game
                CORNER KICK
When the whole ball passes over the goal
line, last touched by a defender (not a goal),
play is restarted with a Corner Kick for the
attacking team.

 The ball is placed
    anywhere
 within the corner
     arc area.
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
                        Restarting the Game
                                  CORNER KICK

All of these balls are
    legally placed




Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
               CORNER KICK
     Players from the opposing team
      must be 10 yds. from the ball.
    The ball is in play when it is kicked
   (with a kicking motion) and moves.
It does not have to leave the corner arc area.
 The kicker cannot move the corner flag.
           A goal can be scored
        directly from a corner kick.
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
         Restarting the Game
                FREE KICKS
 A way to restart play when the Referee
   has stopped play because of a foul.

There are two types
   of free kicks:
  Direct Free Kick
 Indirect Free Kick
              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
           Restarting the Game

            Direct Free Kick (DFK)
 A goal can be scored directly from the kick
         (against the opposing team)

           Indirect Free Kick (IFK)
The ball must touch any other player before a
             goal can be scored

               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
            Restarting the Game

To signal an Indirect Free Kick, the
Referee holds his hand straight up
            into the air.
 The hand remains in this position
until the ball either (a) touches any
other player, or (b) goes out of play.

There is no signal for a Direct Free Kick
                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
          Restarting the Game


    The kicker may not
      touch the ball a
    second time until it
        has touched
    Exception: If a free kick taken by the
      another player.
  defending team in its own penalty area is
touched a second time before the ball leaves
    the penalty area, the kick is retaken.
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
In most cases a Free Kick (both types) is:
• Taken from the location of the foul, and
• In play once it is kicked (with a kicking
  motion) and moves.
• All opponents must
  be 10 yds. from
  the ball.
  But there are
some exceptions.
              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
   If a free kick of
                                   Direction of Kick
      any type is
  awarded to the
defending team in
its own goal area,
   the ball can be
placed anywhere
  in the goal area

The ball is in play
once it leaves the
  Penalty Area
 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
     If an IFK is
                                   Direction of Kick
 awarded to the
attacking team in
  its opponent’s
goal area, the ball
 is moved out to
the goal area line.


The ball is in play
 once it is kicked
   and moves.
 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
If a Direct Free Kick
                                   Direction of Kick
 Foul is awarded to
the attacking team
 in the opponent’s
   penalty area, a
    penalty kick is
 awarded instead.

The ball is in play
when it is kicked
   and moves
    forward.
 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
                        PENALTY KICK
                    (U-10 and above, only)

• A penalty kick is awarded when a direct
  free kick foul has been committed by a
  team within its own penalty area.
• All players (other than the kicker and the
  goalkeeper) must be:
  - Outside the penalty area and penalty arc
  - Behind the ball
    Until the ball is played.
       Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
                        PENALTY KICK
                    (U-10 and above, only)

• The goalkeeper must remain on the goal
  line (but can move side-to-side) until the
  ball is in play.
• The ball is in play
  once it is kicked
  and moves forward.
• The kicker may not touch the ball a second
  time until touched by any other player.
       Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
       Restarting the Game
           DROPPED BALL
      A way to restart play for
   an unusual but neutral reason.

    Injury
Dog on the field
  Stray ball


           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
              DROPPED BALL
 The referee drops the ball where it was
        when play was stopped.
       The ball is dropped from the
          players’ waist height.
The ball is in play when it hits the ground.
If a player kicks the ball before it hits the
     ground, the ball is dropped again.

              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
       Checking for Learning
The ball goes completely over the touch line, last
   touched by an attacker. What is the restart?
        Throw-in for the defending team

The ball goes completely over the goal line (not
  a goal), last touched by a defender. What is
                    the restart?
                    Corner Kick

                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
      Checking for Learning

Is this ball legally placed
    for a corner kick?

     Yes




                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
       Checking for Learning


What does this signal indicate?


      Indirect Free Kick




                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
      Checking for Learning
  How many players must be present for the
         taking of a dropped ball?
           There is no requirement

The ball goes completely over the goal line (not
  a goal), last touched by an attacker. What is
                    the restart?
                     Goal Kick

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 7
                      OFFSIDE
  The Offside Law is the only law that restricts
    tactical positioning during dynamic play.

The offside law is intended to ensure that players
          earn the right to shoot on goal.




                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                      OFFSIDE

 Elements of the offside infraction:

1. Position
2. Time of Judgment
3. Active Involvement

All three elements must be present
    or there cannot be an infraction
                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                      OFFSIDE
                Offside Position
     A Player is in an offside position if he is:
1. In the opponents’ half of the field;
2. Closer to the opponents’ goal line than at least
   two opponents; and
3. Closer to the opponents’ goal line than the ball
All three elements must be present or the player is
    not in an offside position, and there cannot be
                      an infraction
                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
             Offside Position
It is not an offence to be in an offside position
           It just means that player is
            momentarily off his team.
 He cannot interfere with play or any of the
              opposing players.
He cannot have any involvement in the match.
             He’s off his team.

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                    OFFSIDE
            Time of Judgment

   Offside Position is judged at the moment
the ball touches or is played by one of his team




               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                     OFFSIDE
           Active Involvement

  A player may be involved in active play by:
1. Interfering with play;
2. Interfering with an opponent; or
3. Gaining an advantage by being in that
   position.

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                      OFFSIDE

Once all three of these conditions have been met:
     POSITION
            TIME OF JUDGMENT
                     ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT
        An offside infraction has occurred

An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing
team from the place the infringement occurred.

                 Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
            OFFSIDE

        Exceptions

There is no offence if a player
receives the ball directly from:
            Goal Kick
           Corner Kick
            Throw-In

       Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                           Direction of attack

               AR


OFFSIDE
          A1
     A2        D
          A


D


                                      A




           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                           Direction of attack

             AR


  NOT
OFFSIDE
              D
                  A1
      A2      A


D


                                      A




           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                               Direction of attack

                 AR


  NOT
OFFSIDE
                  D
                      A1
      A2          A

D


                                          A
           A
               A3




               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                              Direction of attack

                  AR

                                         NOT
    A2
             A1                        OFFSIDE
         A
                  D
                                       Goal Kick

                                      A
D




              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                                    Direction of attack

              AR

    OFFSIDE




          A
              D
D




                    A
    Deflection off goalpost
        or goalkeeper



                    Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                                       Direction of attack

              AR

      NOT
    OFFSIDE



                   D        A

D


        A




                       Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                              Direction of attack

                            AR

    OFFSIDE
                    A



                                                A
                                 D
D




              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                                    Direction of attack

           AR

    OFFSIDE


                A

           D
D


       A




                    Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                                   Direction of attack

              AR

    OFFSIDE
              D

         A                              A


D
                   D




                   Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                                   Direction of attack

          AR

      NOT
    OFFSIDE            D

               A


D

               A

                        D




                   Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
                                     Direction of attack

    AR Corner Kick
A
           A



       D        OFFSIDE


D
      D




                     Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
              Key Takeaways

It is not an offence to be in an offside position

Wait for Active Involvement before penalizing
for offside

The player is not required to
touch the ball for the offside
to be penalized

                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 8
Referee and Asst. Referee Mechanics




           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
          What are the Duties
           of the Referee ?
1. Keep a record of the match
   a. Timekeeper
   b. Scorekeeper
   c. Control substitutions
   d. File a written report
2. Stop play for injury
3. Restart play when it has been stopped
4. Suspend/terminate a match for cause
              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
REFEREE COMMUNICATION / SIGNALS
 Whistle                                     Voice

                  Hand




           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
REFEREE POSITIONING
      AR2
 Direction of play




                           R




                                                                   Goal line
               Fouls and
               injuries




                                             AR1      Touch line
                                            Offside


                     Diagram 1

          Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
            REFEREE POSITIONING
                   Offside
             AR2             Touch line

                   Direction of play
Goal line




                                    R
                     Fouls and
                     injuries




                                                        AR1



                      Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
            REFEREE POSITIONING
                  Offside
            AR2               Touch line

                   Direction of play
Goal line




                               R
                  Fouls and
                  injuries




                                                        AR1

                                   Diagram 3
                      Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
 ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS
Neutral Assistant Referee:

• Indicate ball out of play
• Indicate which side gets
  throw-in, goal kick or corner kick
• Indicate when offside infringement has
  occurred
• Indicate when substitution is desired
• Assist the referee to control the game
               Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS



   Club Linesmen

 Only indicate ball
 in-and-out of play



           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
ASST. REFEREE DUTIES AND SIGNALS

                             FLAG SIGNALS:
                                 • Throw-in
                                 • Goal Kick
                                 • Corner Kick
                                 • Offside
                                 • Goal
                                 • Other

          Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
             Key Takeaways

The Referee’s role is to ensure the game is
Fun, Fair and Safe

Assistant Referees assist the Referee

The referee team positions
themselves to “box” play



              Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
  Checking for Learning

Who determines when the half is over?
             The Referee

         Who calls offside?
             The Referee



           Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
      Checking for Learning
What method of communication by the Referee is most
            effective to say to the players
           “Stop playing – I saw a foul”?
                      The whistle

 What is the Assistant Referee’s signal for a throw-in
            awarded to the attacking team?
 Faces the field of play and raises the flag 45 degrees
   above the diagonal in his right hand, parallel to the
                         touch line


                  Basic Referee Course - Lesson 9
FUNDAMENTAL COACHING CONCEPTS




         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                    DEFENDERS:




         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                     DEFENDERS:
  SCORE




          Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                     DEFENDERS:
  SCORE                                STOP SCORING




          Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                       DEFENDERS:
  SCORE                                  STOP SCORING
  ADVANCE




            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                       DEFENDERS:
  SCORE                                  STOP SCORING
  ADVANCE                                DELAY




            Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                        DEFENDERS:
  SCORE                                   STOP SCORING
  ADVANCE                                 DELAY
  MAINTAIN POSSESSION




             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                        DEFENDERS:
  SCORE                                   STOP SCORING
  ADVANCE                                 DELAY
  MAINTAIN POSSESSION                     REGAIN POSSESSION




             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
OBJECTIVES OF THE GAME

ATTACKERS:                        DEFENDERS:
  SCORE                                   STOP SCORING
  ADVANCE                                 DELAY
  MAINTAIN POSSESSION                     REGAIN POSSESSION




             Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                    DEFENDERS:




         Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION




                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY




                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH




                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH




                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH
  MOBILITY




                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH
  MOBILITY                                   BALANCE




                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH
  MOBILITY                                   BALANCE
  WIDTH



                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH
  MOBILITY                                   BALANCE
  WIDTH                                      CONCENTRATION



                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH
  MOBILITY                                   BALANCE
  WIDTH                                      CONCENTRATION
  CREATIVITY


                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH
  MOBILITY                                   BALANCE
  WIDTH                                      CONCENTRATION
  CREATIVITY                                 COMPOSURE


                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
   PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

ATTACKERS:                           DEFENDERS:
  PENETRATION                                DELAY
  DEPTH                                      DEPTH
  MOBILITY                                   BALANCE
  WIDTH                                      CONCENTRATION
  CREATIVITY                                 COMPOSURE


                Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10
     In AYSO,
It’s about more
than the game !



          Basic Referee Course - Lesson 10

				
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