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					              EMS Model
                  Policy



Management                 Planning
Review




                           Implementation

    Checking
    Corrective Action
Environmental Aspects/Impacts
 Environmental aspect (cause)
   element of organizations activities, products, or
    services which can interact with the
    environment
 Environmental impact (effect)
   any change to the environment whether adverse
    or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from
    an organization’s activities, products, or
    services
    Aspects and Impacts (4.3.1)
   An organization evaluates and addresses its own
    significant aspects, including non-regulated
    aspects
   May be positive or negative
   Examples:
       Aspect -- Cardboard Recycling
       Impact -- Conservation of natural resources

       Aspect -- Particulate filters at paint booth
       Impact -- Loss of landfill space
            Aspects and Impacts
   Consider:
       Air emissions
       Solid/hazardous waste
       Contamination of land
       Noise, vibration and odor
       Water effluents
       Land use, energy use, water use
       Raw material and resource use
       Positive environmental issues
        Sources of information
   process flow diagram
   input/output data (mass balance)
   regulatory reports
   utility bills
   waste hauling records
   purchasing receipts
   records of external communication
   existing data (such as from a quality program)
     – Gross rejected parts, customer returns
     – Avg. machine costs/hr
     – Raw material inventory – days on hand
Identifying Aspects & Impacts
1)Select an activity, a product or service.
2)Identify as many environmental aspects as
   possible associated with the selected
   activity.
3)Identify as many actual and potential,
   positive and negative, environmental
   impacts associated with each identified
   aspect.
                Exercise

 How does Bicque Pens interface with the
  environment ?
 Review flow chart of the process to
  understand inputs and outputs
 Develop table of aspects and impacts for
  Bicque Pens.
          Aspects & Impacts
 Off-spec material        Dec. landfill space
 Hazardous waste          Degradation of air
  incineration              quality
 Emissions of VOCs        Inc. ground level O3
 Spills and leaks of      Soil and groundwater
  inks and solvents         contamination
 Electricity              Air pollution, global
  consumption               warming
 Use of recycled brass    Cons. nat. resources
      Employee Involvement
• Formal Identification Environmental
  Aspects and Impacts.
  – Konica Environmental Group (KEG) and
    DPPEA worked together to investigate
    activities throughout the organization.
                                        Marine Corps ISO 14001 Pilot Project
                                                             Environmental Aspects

                                                                                                                        Nuisance Impacts




                                                    Fuel Consumption - Use of a Nonrenewable Resource
                                                    Training within a Natural Environment (Plant, Wildlife, Wetlands)
                                                    Training within species habitat                                     Resource Impacts



                                                    Particulate Matter from Operating Vehicles Off-road
                                                    Air Emissions from equipment and vehicles
                                                    Outdoor burning - PM                                                Air Impacts

                               Encampment
 Input (raw material                                Disposal of Spill Residue
 and labor)                                         Disposal of Solid Waste
                                                    Disposal of Hazardous Waste                                         Waste Impacts



                                                    Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation
                                                    Accidental Spillage - Vehicle /Helicopter/Equipment fluids
                                                    Gray water                                                          Soil Impacts

 Conservation
                                                    Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids
                                                    Gray water
                                                                                                                        Groundwater Impacts


                                                    Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation
                                                    Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids
                                                                                                                        Surface Water Impacts
                                                    Gray water


Lead Responsibility - Fish and Wildlife Division,
Compliance Division, and Planning Division
                        Significant Environmental Aspects
                                                                                   Significant Environmental Aspects
                                                                                         Control Method Table
                                                                                         Hanahan Water Treatm ent Plant
                                                             Corresponding Requirements:                                    Revision: 3   Revision Date: 11/30/99     Prepared By:
                                                                                                                            Procedure
                                                             CPW EMS - 4.3.1 - Environmental Aspects and Significant ImpactsEffective Date:    January 22, 1999       Approved By:

                                                             ISO 14000, Sub-clause 4.3.1 - Environmental Aspects              EMS Document #: HA.14001.3              Signature:
Purpose: To further evaluate the Significant Environmental Aspects and provide Control Methods for monitoring, reducing and/or correcting the Significant Impacts.
Scope: The Control Method(s) were evaluated using CPW EMS Policy No. 4.3.1, Regulatory Requirements, and the Committee's training, experience and knowledge.
Rank           Significant Aspect Item                    Significant Aspect Details                     Significant Impacts                        Control Method

  1    Pumping Systems                              Prevent water supply shortage                       Public water supply                 SCADA System
                                                    Natural resource consumption                        Natural resource depletion          Standard Operating Instructions


  2    Water Quality                                Ensure public safety                                Public Water Supply                 Operator Certification Program (LLR)
                                                    Ensure conformance w/ legal requirements            Regulatory Compliance               Daily and M onthly Operating Reports
                                                                                                                                            Standard Operating Instructions
                                                                                                                                            Laboratory Sampling


  3    Equipment/Facility Integrity                 Prevent service interruption                        Water quality                       CM M S System
                                                    Protect treatment process integrity                 Environmental contamination         SCADA System


  4    Emergency Preparedness                       Prevent service interruption                        Public safety                       Emergency Preparedness Plan
                                                    Prevent hazardous chemical release                  Environmental contamination         Risk M anagement Plan
                                                                                                                                            Hazwoper Certification Training
                                                                                                                                            SPCC Plan


  5    Monitoring/Testing                           Protect treatment process integrity                 Water quality                       SCADA System
                                                    Ensure conformance w/ legal requirements            Public safety                       Standard Operating Instructions
                                                    Ensure public safety                                                                    CM M S System
                                                                                                                                            Daily and M onthly Operating Reports
                                                                                                                                            Laboratory Sampling


  6    Water Supply Protection                      Protect treatment process integrity                 Water quality                       Aquatic Weed M anagement (DNR)
                                                    Protect natural resources                           Resource conservation               Laboratory Sampling


  7    Chemical Systems                             Protect treatment process integrity                 Water quality                       SCADA System
                                                    Prevent hazardous chemical release                  Environmental contamination         Standard Operating Instructions
                                                                                                                                            NSF Document
                                                                                                                                            Chemical Specifications



  8    Hazardous Chemical Management                Prevent hazardous chemical release                  Public safety                       Process Safety M anagement Plan
                                                                                                        Environmental contamination         Risk M anagement Plan
                                                                                                                                            SPCC Plan
                                                                                                                                            Hazwoper Certification Training
                                                                                                                                            SCADA System
                                                                                                                                            Scrubber System
                                                                                                                                            Emergency Preparedness Plan
                                                                                                                                            Conditional M ajor Air Permit M onitoring Pla
           Ranking (4.3.1)
 The organization shall establish and
  maintain procedures to identify its
  environmental aspects in order to
  determine those which can have a
  significant impact on the environment.
 Rank aspects and impacts in order to assess
  their significance
 Company-specific
            Ranking Exercise
 Using the ranking system provided:
  1. Rank your aspects and impacts.
  2. Assess which are significant.
                     Marine Corps ISO 14001 Pilot Project

                Scoring Guide for Ranking Significance
                    Environmental Planning Division

                               Weight = 2   Weight = 2   Weight = 1.5   Weight = 2



                                                            POTENTIAL
                                                               FOR
                                          DEGREE           REGULATORY
                           POTENTIAL        OF   FREQUENCY OR LEGAL COMMUNITY
 PROCESS ASPECTS IMPACTS                  IMPACT OF IMPACT  EXPOSURE  INPUT   TOTAL
Dry Cleaning Air Emissions Degradation of
                           Air Quality -     3        4         3       3      24.5
                           VOCs
       Example Significance Matrix
Activity,   Aspect   Impact      Legal       Public    Frequency   Severity   OS     Significance
Product,                         Liability   Concern                          R      (OSR>2.5)
Service

Dissolve    Water    Resource    1           3         2           1          1.75   No
Mineral     use      depletion
Ore
            Natura   Resource    1           1         2           2          1.50   No
            l Gas    depletion
            Use
            Natura   Air         1           2         2           1          1.50   No
            l Gas    pollution
            Use      (Nox)

            Use of   Spills to   3           2         3           3          2.75   Yes
            Strong   land or
            Acids    water


OSR – overall significant ranking
           Significance Scoring
   From Environmental Concerns such as:
       regulatory/legal exposure
       health risk/people
       resource conservation
   To Business Concerns such as:
       effect on the public image/community
       cost savings
       cost recovery period
       equipment/facility
        Significance Scoring (cont.)
   Also may consider issues such as:
       scale of impact
       duration of impact
       zone of impact
       probability of occurrence or likelihood -
        frequent, likely, possible, rarely, unlikely
       severity of impact - catastrophic, severe,
        moderate, minor
     Summary of A&I Analysis
          Novozymes
   864 aspects
   83 #1 ratings
   30 rankings
   11 significant aspects
   14 aspects used for setting objectives and
    targets.

				
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