Rutherford B. Hayes - PowerPoint by linzhengnd


									Rutherford B. Hayes

          19th President of the USA
                     Background / Family
   Born on October 4, 1822 in Delaware, Ohio
   Died January 17, 1893 from complications of a heart attack in
    Fremont, Sandusky County, Ohio
   Hayes was educated at Kenyon College and Harvard Law School.
    After five years of law practice in Lower Sandusky, he moved to
    Cincinnati, where he flourished as a young Whig lawyer.
   Father was Rutherford Hayes who was a storekeeper and died 10
    days before his birth
   Mother was Sophia Birchard and her brother Sardis Birchard lived
    with them as Rutherford’s guardian and father figure
   On December 30, 1852, Hayes married Lucy Ware Webb and had
    eight children; Sardis, James, Rutherford, Frances, Scott, and three
    died young
                        Rise to Presidency
   Along with being a politician and president, he was also a lawyer and
    military leader
   He fought in the Civil War, was wounded in action, and rose to the rank of
    brevet major general. While he was still in the Army, Cincinnati
    Republicans ran him for the House of Representatives. He accepted the
    nomination, but would not campaign
   Hayes began political life as a Whig, but in 1853 joined the Free Soil party
    as a delegate
   He served in the 39th, 40th, and 43rd Congresses and became Governor of
    Ohio from 1868-1872
   Safe liberalism, party loyalty, and a good war record made Hayes an
    acceptable Republican candidate in 1876.
   Hayes was elected President by one electoral vote after the highly disputed
    election of 1876. Losing the popular vote to his opponent, Samuel Tilden,
    Hayes was the only president whose election was decided by
    a congressional commission.
                    Domestic Policy Issues
   Hayes' most controversial domestic act – apart from ending
    Reconstruction – came with his response to the Great Railroad
    Strike of 1877, in which employees of the Baltimore & Ohio
    Railroad walked off the job and were joined across the country by
    thousands of workers in their own and sympathetic industries. When
    the labor disputes exploded into riots in several cities, Hayes called
    in federal troops, who, for the first time in U.S. history, fired on the
    striking workers, killing more than 70. Although the troops
    eventually managed to restore the peace, working people and
    industrialists alike were displeased with the military intervention.
    Workers feared that the federal government had turned permanently
    against them, while industrialists feared that such brutal action
    would spark revolution similar to the European Revolutions of 1848.
                       Foreign Policy Issues
 In 1878, Hayes was asked by Argentina to act as arbitrator following the War of the
  Triple Alliance between Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay against Paraguay. The
  Argentines hoped that Hayes would give the Gran Chaco region to them; however,
  he decided in favor of the Paraguayans. His decision made him a hero in Paraguay,
  and a city (Villa Hayes) and a department (Presidente Hayes) were named in his
  honor. A regional historical museum was named for him as well as schools, roads,
  and a soccer team (Los Yanquis, Spanish for the Yankees). At the Rutherford B.
  Hayes elementary school in Villa Hayes is a bronze bust of Hayes, which was
  donated by the Hayes family in the 1950s.
 Hayes attempted to build the Panama Canal, as he thought that a Central American
  canal should be under US-control. At the time, the French were making plans to
  build a canal designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. De Lesseps would later be forced
  to appear in a congressional committee to testify about the international connections
  of his company. However, the canal was delayed due to political reasons, including
  the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty. The canal would be built under American-control years
  later under Theodore Roosevelt.
    Impoqtant Stuff
 Compromise of 1877
 Desert Land Act (1877)
 Bland-Allison Act (1878)
 Timber and Stone Act (1878)
 Tidewater Act (1879)
 Munn v. Illinois (1876)
 Installation of the first telephone in the White
 Great Railroad Strike (1877)
 Yellow Fever Outbreak (1878)
    Administqation and
 Vice President – William A. Wheeler
 Secretary of State – William M. Evarts
 Secretary of Treasury – John Sherman
 Secretary of War – George W. McCrary and
  Alexander Ramsey
 Attorney General – Charles Devens
 Postmaster General – Richard W. Thompson and
  Nathan Goff Jr.
 Secretary of the Interior – Carl Shurz

“Conscience is the authentic
   voice of God to you. ”
                        Successes / Failures
   Signed a bill, February 15, 1879 which, for the first time, allowed female attorneys
    to argue cases before the Supreme Court of Justice
   On the Civil War battlefields, where he survived five wounds and was ultimately
    promoted to major general. No other president was under fire.
   for breaking the Great Railroad Strike of 1877
   Although he failed, Hayes worked on reforms that would encourage economic
    opportunity, distribute wealth more equitably, diminish the conflict between capital
    and labor, and ultimately enable African-Americans to achieve political equality.
    blamed for Reconstruction's failure
   damned for an apparent bargain that guaranteed his election in exchange for
    withdrawing military support of Republican governments in the South.
   ratified of the Fifteenth Amendment and established of Ohio State University
   criticized for championing the gold standard
   inconsistent support of civil-service reform
   vetoed a bill that would have prevented further Chinese immigration into the United
               One           woqd
   Diligent
President Hayes was a hardworking president that
  always had a project in mind to bring the country
  unity either if it was politically involved or military
  affiliated. Though he only went one term, Hayes main
  goal stayed the same throughout his entire term which
  was to break the “color line” and bring peace. He
  worked diligently on giving the black civil rights, and
  as well as unity between the people. He knew what he
  wanted, and he wasn’t afraid to show it.
Successfu                                           today?
 Hayes made a big impact on the progression of black rights. Because he worked
  diligently on abolishing the segregation, America was closer to seeing unity within
  the people. The proposal of the Reconstruction amendments guaranteed civil and
  voting rights to be obeyed.
 Hayes enforced education over the railroad station. Because of this ideal, many
  citizens were able to learn for themselves rather than constantly working day by
  day. He did not ask for railroad subsidies but called for federal aid for education,
  observing that "universal suffrage should rest upon universal education."
 Because of Hayes, our country was broght closer to unity without the troubles of
  equality. Though we still fight it today, under his term, he was able to give more
  rights to women, to the black community and to the economy during the Great
  Railroad Strike
                TEAM ALPHA
 Ace Cordero
 Jesse Lajara
 Lizcel Tangonan
 Period 5 1/29/10
 American Pageant Thirteenth Edition

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