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					Field of Pharmacy


  Essential Question:
  How do the roles/responsibilities of
  pharmacists, pharmacy technicians,
  pharmacy aides compare/contrast?



                                  Written by Beverly Tippens
Pharmacists
Roles and Responsibilities
 In community pharmacies, dispense prescription
  drugs to individuals.
 Advise patients and physicians etc. on selection,
  dosages, interactions, and side effects of medications.
 Monitor health and progress of patients to ensure safe
  and effective use of medication.
 Compound or mix ingredients to form medications.
 Counsel patients on use of prescription and over-the-
  counter medications.
 Advise patients on general health topics.
Pharmacists
Roles and Responsibilities
 Provide information on products such as
  durable medical equipment or home health
  care supplies.
 Complete third-party insurance forms and
  other paperwork.
 Hire and supervise other personnel.
 Oversee general operation of the
  pharmacy.
 Provide specialized services to help patients
  with diabetes, asthma, smoking cessation,
  or high blood pressure. May be trained to
  administer vaccinations.
Pharmacists
Roles and Responsibilities
 In health care facilities, dispense
  medications and advise the medical staff on
  selection and effects of drugs.
 Prepare sterile solutions to be administered
  intravenously.
 Plan, monitor and evaluate drug programs
  or regiments.
 Counsel hospitalized patients on use of
  drugs before discharge.
Pharmacists
Salary Ranges
 Median annual of wage-and-salary
  pharmacists in May 2006 were
  $94,520.
 The middle 50% earned between
  $83,180 and $108,140 a year.
 The lowest 10% earned less than
  $67,860 a year.
 The highest 10% earned more than
  $119,480 a year.
Pharmacist
Education/Training
 Pharmacists must earn a Pharm.D. degree
  from an accredited college or school of
  pharmacy.
 A license to practice pharmacy is required
  in all States, the District of Columbia and
  all U.S. territories.
 To obtain a license, a prospective
  pharmacist must graduate from a college of
  pharmacy that is accredited by the ACPE
  and pass a series of examinations.
Pharmacist
Job Outlook
 Employment is expected to increase
  much faster than the average through
  2016.
 As a result of rapid growth and the
  need to replace workers who leave
  the occupation, job prospects should
  be excellent.
Pharmacist
Work Facilities
 Community pharmacies.
 Hospitals.
 A small proportion worked in mail-
  order and Internet pharmacies,
  pharmaceutical wholesalers, offices of
  physicians, and the Federal
  Government.
Pharmacy Technician
Roles/Responsibilities

 Help licensed pharmacists provide
  medication and other health care products
  to patients.
 Perform routine tasks to help prepare
  prescribed medication, such as counting
  tablets and labeling bottles.
 Answer phones, stock shelves operate cash
  registers.
 Technicians refer any questions regarding
  prescriptions, drug information, or health
  matters to a pharmacist.
Pharmacy Technician
Roles/Responsibilities

 In retail or mail-order pharmacies, technicians receive
  written or electronic prescriptions from doctor’s
  offices. They must retrieve, count, pour, weigh,
  measure and sometimes mix the medication.
 The technician prepares the prescription labels, select
  the type of prescription container, and affix the
  prescription and auxiliary labels to the container.
 Once the prescription is filled, the technicians prices
  and files the prescription, which must be checked by a
  pharmacist before it is given to the patient.
 Technicians may establish and maintain patient
  profiles, prepare insurance claim forms and stock and
  take inventory of prescription and over-the-counter
  medications.
Pharmacy Technician
Education/Training
 Most pharmacy technicians receive informal
  on-the-job training.
 Employers favor applicants who have
  formal training, certification, or previous
  experience.
 Strong customer service skills also are
  important.
 There are currently few State and no
  Federal requirements for formal training or
  certification of pharmacy technicians.
Pharmacy Technician
Job Outlook
 Employment is expected to increase
  much faster than the average through
  2016, and job opportunities are
  expected to be good.
 The increased number of middle-aged
  and elderly people-who use more
  prescription drugs than younger
  people-will spur demand for
  technicians throughout 2006-2016.
Pharmacy Technician
Salary Range
 Median hourly earnings of wage-and-
  salary pharmacy technicians in May
  2006 were $12.32.
 The middle 50% earned between
  $10.10 and $14.93.
 The lowest 10% earned less than
  $8.56, and the highest 10% earned
  more than $17.65.
Pharmacy Technicians
Work Facilities
 Hospitals
 Retail Pharmacies
Pharmacy Aides
Roles/Responsibilities
 Perform administrative duties in pharmacies.
 Aides often are clerks or cashiers who primarily
  answer telephones, handle money, stock shelves, and
  perform other clerical duties.
 Work closely with pharmacy technicians.
 Pharmacy technicians usually perform more complex
  tasks than do aides, although in some States the
  duties and titles of jobs overlap.
 Aides refer any questions regarding prescriptions,
  drug information, or health matters to a pharmacist.
 Pharmacy aides may establish and maintain patient
  profiles, prepare insurance claim forms, and stock and
  take inventory of prescription and over-the-counter
  medications.
Pharmacy Aide
Education/Training

 Most pharmacy aides receive informal
  on-the-job training, but employers
  favor those with at least a high school
  diploma.
 Pharmacy aides begin their training
  by observing a more experienced
  worker.
 After they become experienced, aides
  begin to work on their own.
Pharmacy Aide
Job Outlook
 Employment of pharmacy aides is expected
  to decline rapidly from 2006 to 2016. Job
  prospects, however, should be good.
 Demand for pharmacy aides will fall as
  pharmacy technicians become increasingly
  responsible for answering phones, stocking
  shelves, operating cash registers, and
  performing other administrative tasks.
 In addition, with increased training, many
  pharmacy aides will become pharmacy
  technicians, which will result in further
  declines in pharmacy aide jobs.
Pharmacy Aide
Salary Range
 Median hourly earnings of wage-and-
  salary pharmacy aides were $9.35 in
  May 2006.
 The middle 50% earned between
  $7.89 and $11.58.
 The lowest 10% earned less that
  $6.92 and the highest 10% earned
  more than $14.64.
Pharmacy Aide
Work Facilities
 General medical and surgical
  hospitals.
 Grocery stores.
 Pharmacies and drug stores.
Citation:
 Bureau of Labor Statistics
 U.S. Department of Labor
 Occupational Outlook Handbook,
  2008-2009 Edition
 Internet: http://www.bls.gov/oco/
 Telephone: 202-691-5700

				
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posted:9/7/2011
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