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					               Presidents
       Success or Failures




Mr. McCarthy
George Washington 1789-1797
 1st President
 Shaped foreign policy-
 Farewell Address- “steer clear of permanent
  alliances”- proclamation of neutrality

 Precedents- Cabinet (help the President), 2
  terms in office
   Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865
 Republican
 When elected (1860), the South seceded from the Union.
  Thought he was going to outlaw slavery
 Civil War- to preserve the Union, felt the south never left
  the union
 The government was a union of people and not of states.
 President Lincoln’s oath of office required him to defend
  and preserve the Union
 Increased funding and military size
 issued the Gettysburg Address and the Emancipation
  Proclamation
 Declaration of martial law and suspension of habeas corpus
 Reconstruction- had a 10% plan that was seen as too lenient
 Was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909
 Republican- Square Deal
 Progressive President (wanted to correct abuses)
  changed society/reformer
 “trust buster”
 regulated economic affairs
 “Talk softly and carry a big stick”
 issued the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe
  Doctrine, influence in Latin America
 Big Stick Policy- in the Caribbean, to protect US
  economic interests
 Panama Canal
 Was a conservationist- parks
Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921

Democrat- New Freedom
Progressive President
Clayton Anti-Trust Act, Federal Reserve,
 Federal Trade Commission Act
in office during WWI
had the 14 Points, called for the League of
 Nations- a just and lasting peace
Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945
 Democrat- New Deal
 during the Great Depression and WWII
 Supreme Court Packing plan
 Social Welfare legislation- Social Security Act
 Good Neighbor Policy- cooperation in the
  Western Hemisphere
 Supported the internment of Japanese Americans
 only President to serve more than 2 terms
John F. Kennedy 1961-1963

Democrat- New Frontier
space exploration- NASA
followed policy of Containment- Vietnam
Cuban Missile Crisis
Peace Corps and Alliance for Progress
Assassinated
Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1969

Democrat- Great Society
Anti-Poverty programs
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution- expanded US
 involvement in Vietnam
President during the Civil Rights
 Movement
Richard Nixon 1969-1974

Republican
“Vietnamization” increased bombing in
 Vietnam
Détente with USSR and China (easing of
 tensions)
Watergate- only President to resign from
 office
  Jimmy Carter 1976-1980
 Stagflation- inflation and rising unemployment

 Energy problems- OPEC reduced oil to US, trade
  deficit

 Corporate Bailouts- Chrysler/Lockheed- to stay out of
  bankruptcy

 Environmental problems

 Nuclear Energy- Three Mile Island leak in PA
Ronald Reagan 1980-1988
 Republican
 conservative
 Supply Side economics “Reaganomics”
 believe government could destroy individual
  initiative
 high trade and federal budget deficits
 Arms treaties with USSR
 kept communism out of Latin America
 Iran-Contra Affair/scandal
George H.W. Bush 1988-1992
 Economic troubles, recession

 Savings and Loan scandal

 Urban violence- LA, Rodney King

 Americans with Disabilities Act

 End of Cold War

 Invasion of Panama- War on Drugs

 Persian Gulf War
Bill Clinton 1992-2000
 Health Care Reform- did not get voted on

 Social Security Reform- to run out of money with the baby boom
  generation retiring

 1994 Congressional elections- Republicans took control of
  Congress, 1st time in 40 yrs.

 Welfare Reform

 Balanced Budget

 Scandals and impeachment

 NAFTA- trade agreement

 Former Yugoslavia- ethnic groups, war in Bosnia
George W. Bush 2000-2008
 Election of 2000- Bush v Gore- decided by
  Supreme Court, 1st time they had to intervene

 9/11 and the War on Terror

 National Security/Homeland Security

 Education- No Child Left Behind

 Cut taxes

 Social Security Reform
               Regents Question


Which Presidential action is an example of
 the unwritten constitution?

appointing Justices to the Supreme Court
granting pardons for Federal crimes
submitting a treaty to the Senate for
 ratification
consulting with the Cabinet