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Cubism Worksheet

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					                                      Cubism Worksheet

     NAME____________________________________________PERIOD______

Picasso was baptized Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de

los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Clito, a series of names honouring

various saints and relatives. Added to these were Ruíz and Picasso, for his father and

mother, respectively, as per Spanish custom. Picasso’s father was also an artist and art

professor. Picasso’s mother claims his first words were, “piz,piz”, a shortening of the

spanish word lapiz, which means pencil. Picasso, by the age of thirteen had surpassed his

father’s skill as an artist and soon began college-level art courses. By the age of sixteen

he had grown bored with his University training and began dividing his time between

Barcelona and Paris. In Paris, Picasso began building friendships with artists and art

collectors that would last the rest of his life.

Georges Braque was born in Argenteuil-sur-Seine, France. He grew up in Le Havre and

trained to be a house painter and decorator, as his father and grandfather were, but he also

studied painting in the evenings at the École des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre from about

1897 to 1899. He apprenticed in Paris under a decorator and was awarded his certificate

in 1902. Braque also worked in Paris with many soon to be famous 20th Century artists.


His earliest works were impressionistic, but, after seeing the work exhibited by the

Fauves in 1905, Braque adopted a Fauvist style. The Fauves, a group that included Henri

Matisse and André Derain among others, used brilliant colors and loose structures of

forms to capture the most intense emotional response. Braque's paintings of 1908–1913

began to reflect his new interest in geometry and simultaneous perspective. He conducted

an intense study of the effects of light and perspective and the technical means that

painters use to represent these effects, appearing to question the most standard of artistic
conventions. In his village scenes, for example, Braque frequently reduced an

architectural structure to a geometric form approximating a cube, yet rendered its shading

so that it looked both flat and three-dimensional. In this way, Braque called attention to

the very nature of visual illusion and artistic representation.


Beginning in 1909, Braque began to work closely with Pablo Picasso, who had been

developing a similar approach to painting. The invention of Cubism was a joint effort

between Picasso and Braque, then residents of Montmartre, Paris. These artists were the

movement's main innovators. After meeting in 1907, Braque and Picasso, in particular,

began working on the development of Cubism in 1908. Both artists produced paintings of

neutralized color and complex patterns of faceted form, now called Analytic Cubism. In

1912, they began to experiment with collage and papier collé.


Born in Madrid, he studied mechanical drawing at the Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas

in Madrid from 1902 to 1904, during which time he contributed drawings to local

periodicals. From 1904 to 1905 he studied painting with the academic artist José Maria

Carbonero.


In 1906 he moved to Paris and became friends with Henri Matisse, Georges Braque,

Fernand Léger, and in 1915 he was painted by his friend, Amedeo Modigliani. In Paris,

Gris followed the lead of another friend and fellow countryman, Pablo Picasso. His

portrait of Picasso in 1912 is a significant early Cubist painting done by a painter other

than Picasso or Georges Braque. (Although he regarded Picasso as a teacher, Gertrude

Stein acknowledged that Gris "was the one person that Picasso would have willingly

wiped off the map.")

				
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