The Future of Interoperability - Interoperability in Virginia by wuyunqing

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									5th Annual Virginia Interoperable
  Communications Conference

    September 30-October 1, 2008
           Norfolk, VA

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        www.interoperability.virginia.gov
               The Future of Interoperability

A discussion of the options available for communications build-out in the
                              Commonwealth

                             October 1, 2008
                                2:15pm

Moderator: Constance McGeorge, Commonwealth Interoperability
                         Coordinator

   Panelists: Chris McIntosh, Virginia Department of Emergency
                             Management
   Karen Jackson, Office of Telework Promotion and Broadband
                              Assistance
                   Lynn Hadden, Fairfax County


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   Chris McIntosh

 Virginia Department of
Emergency Management



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   Current Challenges
• No ability to carry voice data on a state/locality isolated
  backbone. Currently reliant on commercial pathways that
  could become easily overloaded.
• No secure communications for sensitive information outside of
  telephone/fax
• No common link to bring local/state/federal communications
  together in an event
• No link to provide COOP/COG in the event of major facility
  evacuation and loss of infrastructure
• STARS – available to a very limited degree for voice only
• VCIN - Text only data exchange with localities
• All reliant upon fixed infrastructure!


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  Satellite Communications

• Commonwealth Systems Management (System
  of Systems)
    • Map current/future communications system
      availability

    • Develop a long haul, voice and data backbone
       – Independent of fixed infrastructure
           » Satellite Communications (Voice/Data)
           » HF Communications



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Satellite Network




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    Fixed Site SatCom
Fixed VSAT (Basic)
   1.8 Meter 8 Watt
      Antenna, Feed,
      Ballast and Roof
      Mount Frame
      8 Watt Power
      Amplifier (SSPA)
      Low Noise Block
      Down Converter
      (LNB)
      Infinity 7350 Modem
      Cables, Connectors,
      and Integration
      Materials

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 Mobile Voice
             Designed for use on the MSAT
             Network, the MSAT-G2 supports
             continent-wide Push-to-Talk
             (PTT) Two-Way Radio and
             Circuit Switched Voice
             communications. In addition, the
             MSAT-G2 provides flexible
             interconnectivity to a variety of
             3rd party interoperability
             interfaces, extending the reach
             of traditional Land Mobile
             Radio technology.


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Transportable Terminals




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   Lynn Hadden

    Fairfax County
Information Architect


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 The Challenge - NCR and Data Interoperability
• Challenges:
  – Difficult to define requirements when response depends on access to
    any data, at any level of government, at any point in time
      ( Examples: 9-11 Pentagon Fire, DC Sniper Attacks, Daily
    Ambulance Dispatch)
  – Difficult to define the information domain
  – Difficult to calculate ROI which is more qualitative than quantitative

• Requirements:
  – Real-time cross-agency information sharing that facilitates integration
    between operational systems
  – Awareness of the overlap between processes performed across
    Emergency Support Functions (ESF’s)
  – Just-in-time access to the data that supports processes
  – A common vocabulary to describe emergency resources
  – Secure access to heterogeneous data stores held around the region

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      Solution in Layman’s Terms
                                                            ESF-1..N USERS         FEDERAL/State USERS
                                                                                                         EXECUTIVE USERS
                            EXECUTIVE
                              ADMIN

                                                                                                                                     PUBLIC USERS


ARCHITECTURE
REVIEW BOARD




                                                                             CREDENTIALING


                                                        DATA             EXCHANGE                   HUB
                                             ADMIN UI


                                                              DATA                DATA         APPLICATION
                                                            EXCHANGE             SEARCH          ACCESS
  FEDERAL SOURCES




   FEDERAL INFORMATION




                                                                                   NCRNet
                                 ESF-2      ESF-1                                                                  ESF-1     ESF-2

      Jurisdiction - 1                                                                                                                     Jurisdiction - 3




                                    ESF-2           ESF-1                                                        ESF-1     ESF-2

         Jurisdiction - 2                                                                                                               Jurisdiction - N

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The Tracks – NCRNet




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   NCRnet Technical Overview
• A Network of Networks - NCRnet router is
  the point of demarcation to jurisdiction
  networks
• Firewall provided to jurisdictions to control
  traffic passing between their networks and
  NCRnet
• Hardware components monitored end-to-
  end
• Jurisdictions able to control security and
  performance end-to-end for network and
  application traffic
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   NCRnet Site Configuration
Current IP Network




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    NCRnet Operational Framework
• NCRnet operates as carrier providing IP transport service for
  part of the path of application traffic between jurisdictions
• NCRnet Operational Demarcation and User guide drafted
• In process of drafting network management policy
• NOC support for NCRnet links provided by vendor
• Operational and policy management support to be migrated
  during PSIC period
• CIOs currently discussing governance and cost sharing models
  of NCRnet – including possibly application usage fees to non-
  jurisdictional partners
• NOC support currently provided in regular business hours
• 24x7 operational support would be driven by business case for
  application needs

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               The Train Switching Station - DEH
• Establish a Data Exchange Hub (DEH) architecture using
  middleware to facilitate information sharing between ESFs to
  improve emergency response, reduce response times, and
  enable appropriate deployment of resources

                                                                              Regional Interoperability
                                                                                    Backbone


                                          Frederick                                                       Frederick

 District of                                              District of
 Columbia                                                 Columbia




                                          Loudoun                                                         Loudoun




  Fairfax                                                  Fairfax




                                          Prince                                                          Prince
                                          George’s                                                        George’s




               Data sharing without DEH                                 Data sharing with DEH


                                  www.interoperability.virginia.gov                                                   17
Data Interoperability Continuum




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  Data Interoperability Continuum - Examples in in the NCR




                   Common           Custom               One Way         Two Way
Data       Swap
           Files   Applications     Interfaced           Standards Based Standards Based
Elements                            Applications         Sharing         Sharing




                                                 Exiting CAD
                                                                                CAD 2 CAD
                GIS                               Interfaces
               MEDS

                          WebEOC                                      NCR Fire
                                                                      Incident Map




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   Data Integration Standards
   • National Information
  Exchange Model (NIEM) v 1.0


• Emergency Data
   • Exchange
     Language
    • (EDXL)




                                                       • Common
                                                          Alerting
                                                       Protocol (CAP)
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    Challenge - Actual Implementation of Standards


                                   REQUIREMENTS                                                                   DESIGN                                                     DEVELOP                                       IMPLEMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Interconnect
                                                                                                                                   Detailed         Deployment         Maintenance                         Security
                                                                                                                                   Design              Plan               Plan                            Agreement
                                      NCR                                           Concept of       Life Cycle                                                                               Operational
                                                      Policies        Practices                                      Standards                                                                                      Service Level
                                    Targeted                                        Operations         Costs                                                  Operations                        Level                               Assessments        Audits
                                                                                                                                          Training Plan                                                               Agreement
                                   Capabilities                                                                                                                 Plan                          Agreement




NIEM IEPD                      Public Safety and
                                 Security Risk
                                                        Establish Policy
                                                          Framework
                                                                                        Establish Business
                                                                                           Framework
                                                                                                                                    Establish Technical Framework
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Establish
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Agreements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Continuous
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Monitoring




Life Cycle                                                                                          EXCHANGE DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE                                                                                Artifacts stored in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   web-based IEPD


                                                                             Method
                                                                             Method                                                                                                                             WS Security                   Messages
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Messages
                               JIEM
                               JIEM                                                                                                                                                                             WS Security
                                          Charter
                                          Charter                           Signature
                                                                            Signature                                                                                                                                                            on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 on
                              Site DB
                              Site DB                                                                                                                                                                            Policies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Policies
                                                           Domain
                                                           Domain          From JIEM
                                                                           From JIEM        Mapping
                                                                                            Mapping                      XML
                                                                                                                          XML                                                                                                                   ESB
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ESB
                                                            Model
                                                            Model                           Artifact
                                                                                             Artifact                   Schema
                                                                                                                        Schema                ARTIFACTS                    .Net
                                                                                                                                                                            .Net              Java
                                                                                                                                                                                              Java                               WSDL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WSDL
                                    Work-
                                    Work-                                                                                                                                  WSDL
                                                                                                                                                                           WSDL               WSDL
                                                                                                                                                                                              WSDL                               UDDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 UDDI
                                    Group
                                    Group                                                                                                                                                                                      Registration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Registration




                                    Project
                                     Project               Domain
                                                            Domain                          GJXDM
                                                                                            GJXDM                       Schema
                                                                                                                        Schema                                                      WS
                                                                                                                                                                                     WS                                        WS Publish,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               WS Publish,
                                                                                                                                                  Packaging
                                                                                                                                                  Packaging
                                   Inception
                                   Inception               Modeling
                                                           Modeling                         Mapping
                                                                                            Mapping                     Building
                                                                                                                        Building                                                   Building
                                                                                                                                                                                   Building                                    Bind, Find
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Bind, Find




                               JIEM
                               JIEM                      Modeling/
                                                          Modeling/                 GJXDM
                                                                                    GJXDM                         Subset
                                                                                                                   Subset
                                             JIEM
                                             JIEM                                                   JIEM
                                                                                                    JIEM                         XML
                                                                                                                                  XML
                             Reference
                             Reference                  Diagramming
                                                        Diagramming                 Search
                                                                                    Search                        Schema
                                                                                                                  Schema                          TOOLS
                                             Tool
                                              Tool                                                  Tool
                                                                                                     Tool                        Editor
                                                                                                                                 Editor                                              IDE
                                                                                                                                                                                      IDE                          ESB
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ESB        Policy Manager
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Policy Manager      Registries
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Registries
                              Model
                               Model                       Tools
                                                            Tools                    Tool
                                                                                     Tool                           Tool
                                                                                                                    Tool



                                                     Local
                                                     Local
                                                  Requirements
                                                  Requirements




                                                                                                                   Mapping


                                                                                                                    Schema



                            User Manual                                                                                WSDL


NIEM   CAP   EDXL NIST          NCR Implementation
                     www.interoperability.virginia.gov                                                                                                                                                                                                          21
    Where to start?… www.ncrnet.us
Implementation of National Standards




                                               Staff Training and Support




                      www.interoperability.virginia.gov                     22
    NCR DEH Project - Deliverables to Date
• Exchanges
•   NCR CIMS Data Exchange IEPD
     http://www.ncrnet.us/deh/iepd/cims-exchange.htm
•   NCR Fire Incident Mapping Data Exchange IEPD
     http://http//www.ncrnet.us/deh/iepd/rms-exchange.htm
•   NCR Resource Typing Data Exchange IEPD
     http://www.ncrnet.us/deh/IEPD/index.htm
• Policies
     NCR-IS Security Policy
     NCR-IS Information Management Policy
• NCR Technical Standards
• NCR Developer Tool Kit

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 Data Interoperability
        How Do I Get from Here to There?

  Standards                                             Technologies
  Web Services Interoperability Specification           Enterprise Service Bus

  Extensible Mark Up Language                           Service Oriented Architecture

  XML Vocabularies (GJXDM, EDXL, NIEM)                  Web Service Registry Repository

  NIST Security Standards                               Metadata Management Software



Know where you are on the data interoperability continuum …

Know the technical standards that apply …

Know what technology is currently available to help you …

Have a roadmap …

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www.interoperability.virginia.gov   25
        Karen Jackson

Community Broadband in Virginia
Office of Telework Promotion and
      Broadband Assistance
          www.interoperability.virginia.gov   26
     Ambitious Goal Focused on “Last-Mile” Broadband Challenge

Governor Kaine’s Economic Development Strategic Plan Focused on Broadband
                                                        Kaine Administration
                                                             Approach
                                            # Economic Development Strategic
                                              Plan: Enhance Virginia’s strong
                                              business climate to expand economic
                                              opportunities and job growth

                                            # Broadband: Ensure that every
                                              business in the Commonwealth has
                                              access to broadband services
                                              anywhere and anytime by 2010

                                            # Office of Telework Promotion and
                                              Broadband Assistance: Established
                                              by Executive Order to coordinate
                                              strategy

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Address Coverage Gaps Through Local, Regional Policymakers through Public-Private Partnerships

      County Signs Public-Private Partnership to Address Underserved Areas
           Capital Investment                  County Economics                         Cash Flow
           Private Partner, $000s                  By Source                        Customer Distribution

                                              Public safety grant covers                    County participates as a
                                                   50% of County                            customer, pre-pays five-
                                               investment, funds tower                      years of service at $24K

                                                                             Residential
         $500                                    County Spend – 14%            (220)
                                                    Waived Lease                43%
                                    Capital        Revenue – 18%                                             Business
                                    Savings                                                                   (104)
                          $123
                                                      Access to                                               57%
                                                        Public
        Build-out         Actual                    Infrastructure
        Estimate                                    (Non-Cash) -
                                                         69%

                                                                              Cash flow generated from
        Capital spend covers 70%               Publicly-owned towers          wireless operations ($260k)
          of geographic region                      support 6 of 7            exceeds initial capital investment,
                                               infrastructure locations       accelerates further build-out

                                         www.interoperability.virginia.gov                                              28
      Private Providers Voluntarily Signing “NDA” to Provide
      Needed Data
Need Address-Level Coverage Gap Detail to Prioritize Public Investments
                     VA Mapping
                  Initiative In Brief
 Goal: Establish a baseline of broadband service
 availability across the Commonwealth

 Voluntary Reporting: Carriers voluntarily agreed
 to participate in the process

 Broad Stakeholder Support: Initiative receiving
 extraordinary support from industry associations –                           Technical
 VTIA and VCTA                                                               Advantages
                                                           Standard Definition: Virginia now recognizes the
 No-Cost Partnership: Virginia able to execute data        “new” FCC definition of at least 768Kbps
 capture at no additional cost to the taxpayer             download speed and at least 200Kbps upload speed
                                                           as the minimum definition of broadband service
 Respecting Market Privacy: Through Virginia’s
 CIT, carriers protected against risk of competitive
                                                           Address-Level Data: Virginia has a process in
 disadvantage due to data loss
                                                           place to collect and map geo-coded address-level
                                                           broadband availability data and geo-spatial and
 Results: Initial returns promising – 12 NDAs
                                                           demographic information displayed at the County
 signed, five data sets mapped; completed map
                                                           level - at no additional cost
 expected by end of 2008


                                       www.interoperability.virginia.gov                                      29
    Coordinated Effort to Attract Needed Broadband Capital

Roundtable “Tool-Kit” To Support Community Policy-Makers




                                                 www.otpba.vi.virginia.gov


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Questions?




www.interoperability.virginia.gov   31
5th Annual Virginia Interoperable
  Communications Conference

    September 30-October 1, 2008
           Norfolk, VA

                                            32 32
        www.interoperability.virginia.gov

								
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