The Tsunami The Tsunami

Document Sample
The Tsunami The Tsunami Powered By Docstoc
					 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge
    Brainstorm innovations
  in rebuilding communities
             in the
 Tsunami affected countries.

 "A FRAMEWORK FOR MANAG-
ING DESIGN" (Team GSD-1)
A multi-pronged proposal rang-
ing from dwelling cores to ur-
ban patterns, with focus on
flexibility to adjust to culture.
Includes income generation by
attracting private sector
through innovative marketing,
and use of local materials.
Ellen Chen, Eric Ho, Nour Jallad,
Rick Lam, Ying Zhou; Harvard
Graduate School of Design.


A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
during Springbreak – March 2005

Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                 WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team GSD 1
 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge
    Brainstorm innovations
  in rebuilding communities
             in the
 Tsunami affected countries.


 "A FRAMEWORK FOR MANAG-
ING DESIGN" (Team GSD-1)
A multi-pronged proposal rang-
ing from dwelling cores to ur-
ban patterns, with focus on
flexibility to adjust to culture.
Includes income generation by
attracting private sector
through innovative marketing,
and use of local materials.
Ellen Chen, Eric Ho, Nour Jallad,
Rick Lam, Ying Zhou; Harvard
Graduate School of Design.

A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
during Springbreak – March 2005

Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                 WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team GSD 1
 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge
    Brainstorm innovations
  in rebuilding communities
             in the
 Tsunami affected countries.


 "A FRAMEWORK FOR MANAG-
ING DESIGN" (Team GSD-1)
A multi-pronged proposal rang-
ing from dwelling cores to ur-
ban patterns, with focus on
flexibility to adjust to culture.
Includes income generation by
attracting private sector
through innovative marketing,
and use of local materials.
Ellen Chen, Eric Ho, Nour Jallad,
Rick Lam, Ying Zhou; Harvard
Graduate School of Design.

A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
during Springbreak – March 2005

Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                 WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team GSD 1
 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge
                                                             Current Problems                                    Current Situation                              Our Solution
                                                 _ • Funds are not being distributed                   _   NGO and government response
                                                                                                                                                To create a cooperative forum to
    Brainstorm innovations                       _ • Mismatch between conditional aid
                                                                                                            Top down
                                                                                                                                                establish a key role for the local
  in rebuilding communities
             in the
 Tsunami affected countries.
                                                   and communities’ priorities
                                                 _ • Complicated distribution process
                                                 _ • Projects are being stalled
                                                                                                   +   _
                                                                                                            Bureaucratic
                                                                                                            No community decision-making
                                                                                                           Community response
                                                                                                                                           >
                                                                                                            Independent of NGO and government
                                                                                                                                                community in the planning process,
                                                                                                                                                while addressing concerns about
                                                                                                                                                accountability. This forum is formed
                                                                                                            Fragmented use of information and
                                                                                                                                                through a local NGO as a two-part
                                                                                                            resources                           community council with planning and
 "PARTICIPATORY FRAMEWORK                                                                                   Reconstitution of social networks   monitoring branches.
FOR THE ACEHNESE COMMU-
NITY" (Team MIT-1)
A reorganization structure to
bridge the gap between the aid
organizations and community
priorities, balancing a planning                                 Planning Branch
section with monitoring sec-                                                                                                                                    Monitoring Branch
                                                     _   Composition
tion.                                                     Keciek- Village head                                                                      _   Composition
                                                          Imam - Religious representative                                                                Civic roles models identified by planning
Rogelio Palomera-Arias, Sonia                             Ibu Arisan –Leader of women’s savings                                                          branch
                                                          club                                                                                  >        Government representatives
Parisca, Amanda Ikert, Manshi
Low; MIT.                                            _
                                                          Lorong representatives
                                                         Roles
                                                          Determine need priorities
                                                          Identify resources with local NGO help
                                                          Locate project partners/donors
                                                                                                   >                                                _
                                                                                                                                                         NGO representatives determined by
                                                                                                                                                         project
                                                                                                                                                        Roles
                                                                                                                                                         Assess the project operations
                                                                                                                                                         Ensures aid organizations’ missions are
                                                          Manage projects                                                                                accomplished
                                                                                                                                                         Oversees proper use of funding
A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
during Springbreak – March 2005

Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                                                 WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team MIT 1
 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge
                                                     Process                                                                                          priorities
                                                                                                                                                                             Lorong meeting: Lorong

                                                 1
                                                                                                   Identify a local
                                                                                                   organizational NGO.
                                                                                                                                  4                                          leaders meet with their
                                                                                                                                                                             Lorongs to discuss priorities.
                                                                               Introduce
    Brainstorm innovations                                                     framework           Local NGO meets with dusun
                                                                                                   community.                                      >       Project X         Dusun meeting: Lorong
  in rebuilding communities                      2                                                 Dusun identifies               5   priorities
                                                                                                                                                                             priorities categorized into
                                                                                                   representatives for the
                                                                                                                                                                             projects. Lorong leaders
                                                                                                                                                           Project Y         establish project committees.
             in the                              3                                                 Planning branch &
                                                                                                   Monitoring branch.
 Tsunami affected countries.                                                                                                      6                                          Project committees identify
                                                          List of aid orgs &               Keciek            1 man for                         Project X                     which NGOs best
                                                          projects                         Vilage head       each Lorong                                                     correspond to their projects.
                                                                                            Iman             1 woman
                                                                                            Religious        for each
 "PARTICIPATORY FRAMEWORK                                                                   leader
                                                                                                             Lorong
                                                                                                                                  7
                                                                                                                                                                             When the NGOs commits to
                                                            +                              Ibu Arisan
                                                                                           from women’s
                                                                                                                                                                             a dusun project, it appoints
                                                                                                                                                                             its representative to the
FOR THE ACEHNESE COMMU-                                                                    savings club   Planning branch                            Monitoring branch       Monitoring group.
                                                                                                                                                                             The Monitoring branch
NITY" (Team MIT-1)                                     Identify government liaison          Role models
                                                                                                                                                                             ensures that the project
A reorganization structure to                                                                             Monitoring branch
                                                                                                                                  8                                Project   fulfills the needs of the
                                                                                                                                                                             community as well as the
                                                                                                                                                                             intentions of the NGO.
bridge the gap between the aid                                                                                                                Monitoring branch

organizations and community
priorities, balancing a planning
section with monitoring sec-
tion.                                                                                                                       Outcome
Rogelio Palomera-Arias, Sonia
Parisca, Amanda Ikert, Manshi                                                                       -     Helps restore social
                                                                                                          structure
Low; MIT.
                                                                                                    -     Empowers
                                                                                                          communities
                                                                                                    -     Builds trust
A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community                                                            between actors
during Springbreak – March 2005                                                                     -     Manages aid
                                                                                                          resources
Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                              WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team MIT 1
  The
  The        Tsunami
      Challenge
      Challenge
                                                  The Mosque
                                                  The Mosque
                                                  has always
                                                                                          Prayer-mat grid

                                                  has always
     Brainstorm innovations                       been the center
                                                  been the center
   in rebuilding communities                      of spiritual and
                                                  of spiritual and
              in the                              community life,
                                                  community life,
  Tsunami affected countries.                     providing the
                                                  providing the
                                                  basic social,
                                                  basic social,
 "100 MOSQUES 100 DOSOONS"                        cultural and
                                                  cultural and
 (Team MIT-2) Drawing on strong                   pragmatic re-
                                                  pragmatic re-                           Pre-cast concrete
cultural traditions, a central                    sources that
                                                  sources that                            framework
mosque becomes the key organiz-                   unite people
                                                  unite people
ing element for new communities                   and neighbor-
                                                  and neighbor-
(‘dosoons’) and a reliable ‘safe                  hoods.
                                                  hoods.
haven’. Within a planning frame-
work of canals that shift villages
to safer inland locations, con-                   The construction
struction is achieved quickly
                                                  of community
through innovative precast ele-
ments, promoting local participa-                 mosques or
tion and employment. Omar                         madrassas is the
                                                  critical first step                       Safe Haven
Rabie, Scott Francisco, Anahita
Anandam; MIT.                                     in rebuilding in-
                                                  frastructures that
                                                  allow communi-
 A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
 during Springbreak – March 2005                  ties to function
                                                  properly once
 Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
 Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
                                                  again.
 in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
 Rhode Island School of Design

             sigus@mit.edu
                                                               WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team MIT 2
   The
   The       Tsunami
       Challenge
       Challenge
      Brainstorm innovations
    in rebuilding communities
               in the
   Tsunami affected countries.

 "100 MOSQUES 100 DOSOONS"
 (Team MIT-2) Drawing on strong
cultural traditions, a central
mosque becomes the key organiz-
ing element for new communities
(‘dosoons’) and a reliable ‘safe
haven’. Within a planning frame-
work of canals that shift villages
to safer inland locations, con-                    A new canal for each
struction is achieved quickly                      town maintains the
through innovative precast ele-                    fishing community
ments, promoting local participa-                  connection to the sea
tion and employment. Omar                          inspite of a buffer zone
Rabie, Scott Francisco, Anahita                    setback.
Anandam; MIT.

  A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
  during Springbreak – March 2005

 Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
 Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
 in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
 Rhode Island School of Design

             sigus@mit.edu
                                                                    WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team MIT 2
 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge                                                                                          Temporary Shelter
                                                 An urban plan for tsunami relief:
    Brainstorm innovations
  in rebuilding communities
                                                                                                                                 Support House
             in the
                                                 A repeating urban block
 Tsunami affected countries.
                                                 immediate shelter and roots for strong community
 "FROM HOUSING TO HOME:
                                                                                                                                 Community crews
AN URBAN PLAN FOR                                an architecture     of security (shelters and walls)                              will be hired
TUSUNAMI RELIEF"                                                     of support (communal rebuilding)                                and trained
                                                                                                                                 to construct these
(Team BAC-1)                                                         of trust    (fresh water, trees)                                 buildings.
A low-tech, low-rise community
built urban block is the organiz-
ing principle of a planning
framework designed to address                            Monuments to
immediate needs for shelter                              rebuild identify
while creating viable permanent
neighborhoods.
Jessica Wattman, Erin White,
Alexandra Escobar; Boston
Architectural Center and MIT.


A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
during Springbreak – March 2005

Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert                                                                                       The basic Block
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                             WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team BAC 1
 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge
                                                                       SKILLS
                                                                    Local Builders
                                                                   Local Architects
                                                              Trained Community Crews
                                                                                                                        DIRECTION
                                                                                                                  Community Organizations
                                                                                                                  Local and National Gov’t
                                                                                                                  International Consultation
                                                                                                                                               Urban Infill
    Brainstorm innovations                                                                                                                     with Block
  in rebuilding communities
             in the
 Tsunami affected countries.                                                                                                Partnerships
                                                                                             FINANCING
                                                                                        Aid and Gov’t Subsidies
                                                                                              Micro-Credit
                                                                                            Private Owners
 "FROM HOUSING TO HOME:                                                                   Private Developers
AN URBAN PLAN FOR
TUSUNAMI RELIEF"
(Team BAC-1)
A low-tech, low-rise community
built urban block is the organiz-
ing principle of a planning
framework designed to address
immediate needs for shelter
while creating viable permanent
neighborhoods.
Jessica Wattman, Erin White,                                                                                      Replication of Block
Alexandra Escobar; Boston
Architectural Center and MIT.                                                                                      18 acres
                                                                                                                   350 families
                                                 Local and
A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community   innovative
during Springbreak – March 2005
                                                 materials
Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and      through
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert            self-help
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                               WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team BAC 1
  The
  The       Tsunami
      Challenge
      Challenge
                                                  Urban Growth Model

                                                  Approximate population:
     Brainstorm innovations                       1 Menasa - 300 people
   in rebuilding communities
                                                  4 - 5 Dusuuns
              in the                              (neighborhoods)
  Tsunami affected countries.
                                                  Meeting house, market,
                                                  Mosque, commercial zones
                                                  structured in relation to water
                                                  body and main roads.
 "DEVIATING FROM THE D.U.Z
(De-Urbanized Zone)" (Team                                                                                          Meeting House as
RISD-1)                                                                                                             Neighborhood Anchor
Development of a social core for                                                    Modular Housing Unit
reestablishing the water-based                                                        Kit
economy, with housing to be
built with simple materials by                                                             Kit Contents:
families.                                                                                  Slabl and Footings
Tighe Butler, Davit Elecson,                                                               Footings
David Dwight, Jennifer Niem;                                                               Planks
Rhode Island School of Design.                                                             Claddings
                                                                                           Roof



 A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community                                     Available in centralized dis-
 during Springbreak – March 2005
                                                                                    tribution centers
Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
                                                                                    Provides a simple frame-
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd                                          work to be modified by resi-
Rhode Island School of Design                                                       dents

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                                      WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team RISD 1
 The
 The        Tsunami
     Challenge
     Challenge
    Brainstorm innovations
  in rebuilding communities
             in the
 Tsunami affected countries.


 "DEVIATING FROM THE D.U.Z
(De-Urbanized Zone)" (Team
RISD-1)
Development of a social core for
reestablishing the water-based
economy, with housing to be
built with simple materials by
families.
Tighe Butler, Davit Elecson,
David Dwight, Jennifer Niem;
Rhode Island School of Design.




A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
during Springbreak – March 2005

Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
Rhode Island School of Design

            sigus@mit.edu
                                                 WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team RISD 1
  The
  The        Tsunami
      Challenge
      Challenge
                                                    THE MASTER
                                                    The Master Plan
                                                    Problem
                                                                                             PLAN
                                                                            Massive Destruction with little to no
                                                                            chance of Stopping
                                                                                                                                                        Disaster Response Mechanisms
                                                                                                                                                          SAFE HAVEN
                                                                                                                                                          CASE STUDY STADIUM
                                                                                                                                                                                       •       Large-scale multi-purpose disaster center
                                                                                                                                                                                       •       Safe haven in emergency
                                                    Solution                Mitigation through three Concepts
     Brainstorm innovations                                           Disaster Response
                                                                        •
                                                                                                                                                                                       •       Shelter, medical center,
                                                                                                                                                                                               distribution/communication center for NGOs
   in rebuilding communities                                          Mechanisms
                                                                                                                                                                                       •       Regularly used as disaster education
              in the                                               •  Minimize Damage                                                                                                          centers, community development, training
  Tsunami affected countries.                                      •  Community Development                                                                                            •       Existing buildings retrofitted
                                                                      and Revitalization
                                                    Disaster Response        Minimizing                                      Community
                                                    Mechanisms               Damage                                          Development and
 "POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUC-                                                                                                   Revitalization                                                    TARGET BUILDING TYPES

TION GUIDELINES" (Team MIT-3)                       •Early Warning System             •Zoning & Dev.                         •Public Education and
                                                                                                                                                                                           •   Community Centers
                                                                                      Strategies                             Awareness
A multi-component proposal                          •Evacuations Routes                                                                                                                    •   Large Halls
                                                                                      •Barriers                              •Tourism and
which includes early warning sys-                   •Safe Havens
                                                                                                                             Revitalization
                                                                                                                                                                                           •   Sports Arenas
                                                                                      •Building Guidelines
tem, an evacuation system, barri-                                                                                            • Eco-tels / Eco-tourism
                                                                                                                                                                                           •   Schools
ers to reduce impacts, and
‘ecotels’ to rejuvenate tourism,
with innovative strip typologies in               Disaster Response Mechanisms                                                                          Disaster Response Mechanisms
the urban layout to reduce dam-                   “Run for the hills” evacuations
age and safe havens through                                                                                                                             SAFE HAVEN Building
                                                           Early Warning Systems                             Evacuation Routes
                                                                                                                                                        Guidelines
multi-purpose facilities. Grant                            •Underwater Buoys                                 •Warning Useless if no way to run          Necessary Components
Sharpe, Ajit Singh, Anubhav                                •Use of In-place communication
                                                           systems wherever possible ex.
                                                                                                             •Most at-risk populations can still
                                                                                                             move 1 km. in 20 mins                      •Sized for capacity expected
Gupta, Kaustuv De Biswas, Rakhi                            Aceh
                                                                                                             •Create Gathering Places                   •Sleeping Quarters
                                                           •Implement “Tornado style”                        connected to fast evacuation
Bhavnani; MIT and GSD.                                     Warning Sirens in other at risk                   networks to the Safe Havens.               •Sanitation
                                                           areas ex. Sri Lanka
                                                                                                             •Solution: Horizontal and Vertical         •Food and Water
                                                           •Public Awareness of the                          Evacuation
                                                           Warning Systems
                                                                                                             •Vertical: Climb designated stairs
                                                                                                             if tsunami will be small
                                                                                                                                                        Helpful Components
 A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
                                                                                                             •Move inland if scale will be large        •Medical Facilities
 during Springbreak – March 2005
                                                                                                                                                        •Helicopter/ Transport

 Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and                                                                                                            •Communication Center
 Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert                                                                                                                  •Food/ Aid Distribution
 in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
 Rhode Island School of Design

             sigus@mit.edu
                                                                                      WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team MIT 3
   The
   The        Tsunami
       Challenge
       Challenge
                                                   Minimizing Damage
                                                   Minimizing Damage
                                                     Zone 1 0-100m
                                                                                            Zoning & Development Strategies
                                                                                                                              Minimizing Damage
                                                                                                                              Minimizing Damage                                        Building Guidelines

                                                   •Only open and non-permanent
                                                   structures
      Brainstorm innovations                       •Kiosks/ Cabana or Religious style
                                                   structures
    in rebuilding communities                       Zone 2 100-600m
               in the                              •IncreasingHeight
                                                   •Mangrove swamps
   Tsunami affected countries.                     •Other “natural” barriers – hills,
                                                   berms, ditches

                                                    Zone 3 600m-1.5km
                                                   •Low Density Building
 "POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUC-                         interspersed with forests and
TION GUIDELINES" (Team MIT-3)                      barriers
                                                            • ClusterStyle
A multi-component proposal                                  • Raised Buildings
                                                                                                                                  •

                                                                                                                                  •
                                                                                                                                      Perpendicular to Ocean
                                                                                                                                      Minimal surface area exposed to possible Tsunami damage
which includes early warning sys-                   Zone 4 1.5km on
                                                   •Beyond Expected Inundation
                                                                                                                                  •   Linear Cluster Building Typology Development
                                                                                                                                  •   Overall: Low Density Zone
tem, an evacuation system, barri-                  Zone                                                                           •   Construction Technologies to respond to the Tsunami Challenge.
                                                            • Higher Density                                                          Community Participation in Building Development.
ers to reduce impacts, and                                  • Safe Havens
                                                                                                                                  •

                                                                                                                                  •   Promote sustainable community development

‘ecotels’ to rejuvenate tourism,
with innovative strip typologies in                Minimizing Damage
                                                    Minimizing Damage                           Building Guidelines                 Reconstructing Neighborhoods
the urban layout to reduce dam-                                                                                               Reconstructing Neighborhoods
age and safe havens through
multi-purpose facilities. Grant
Sharpe, Ajit Singh, Anubhav
Gupta, Kaustuv De Biswas, Rakhi                                                                                                                                                                        After
Bhavnani; MIT and GSD.


  A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community                                                                                         Before
  during Springbreak – March 2005

  Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and
  Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
  in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
  Rhode Island School of Design

              sigus@mit.edu
                                                                                        WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team MIT 3
   The
   The        Tsunami
       Challenge
       Challenge
                                                                        Community Development and Revitalization

      Brainstorm innovations
    in rebuilding communities
               in the
   Tsunami affected countries.


 "POST-TSUNAMI RECONSTRUC-
TION GUIDELINES" (Team MIT-3)
A multi-component proposal
which includes early warning sys-                                                                     Tourism and Revitalization through
                                                         Public Education and Awareness
tem, an evacuation system, barri-                                                                         ‘Ecotels’ and Eco-tourism
ers to reduce impacts, and
‘ecotels’ to rejuvenate tourism,
with innovative strip typologies in
the urban layout to reduce dam-
age and safe havens through
multi-purpose facilities. Grant
Sharpe, Ajit Singh, Anubhav
Gupta, Kaustuv De Biswas, Rakhi
Bhavnani; MIT and GSD.


  A workshop for MIT and the Cambridge community
  during Springbreak – March 2005
                                                   Festivals as a device to revitalize communities   Create jobs - highlight and preserve
  Hosted by SIGUS, School of Architecture and        using ‘Safe Haven’ structures for festivals           local trade and culture
  Planning, MIT - Dr. Reinhard Goethert
  in collaboration with Prof. Robert Cowherd
  Rhode Island School of Design

              sigus@mit.edu
                                                                   WE ACCEPT THE CHALLENGE! - Team MIT 3

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:14
posted:9/7/2011
language:English
pages:14