USDA Agencies

Document Sample
USDA Agencies Powered By Docstoc
					The NIFA Report
A Tale of Two Branches
      Daniel Schmoldt
     National Program Leader
             Outline
“Transition” to the National Institute of
          Food and Agriculture



       Update on NIFA Funding



   Specialty Crop Research Initiative:
      Foreshadowing the Future
     National Institute Transition
   2008 Farm Bill authorized creation of a new agency,
    the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (the
    National Institute)
       All current authorities administered by CSREES have
        been transferred to the new agency.
       The transition was completed October 1, 2009
   The National Institute will raise the profile of
    agricultural science, including research, education
    and extension. A presidentially-appointed director
    will lead the National Institute.
     National Institute Transition
   A coordinating committee, comprised of CSREES
    staff, was created to help guide the transition
   The coordinating committee presented its options
    for the organization of the National Institute
   The final decision on the organization of the
    National Institute rests with the Secretary of
    Agriculture, in consultation with the Under
    Secretary and the new Director of the National
    Institute.
        National Institute Switch
INSTITUTE OF FOOD PRODUCTION AND
SUSTAINABILITY
• Enhancing global food security through productive and sustainable agricultural systems.

INSTITUTE OF BIOENERGY, CLIMATE, and
ENVIRONMENT
• Ensuring energy independence through clean, bio-based energy systems. Ensuring
  sustainable and adaptive agro-ecosystems in response to climate change.

INSTITUTE OF FOOD SAFETY AND NUTRITION

• Ensuring a safe food supply. Improving citizens’ health through nutrition. Reducing
  childhood obesity. Improving food quality.

INSTITUTE OF YOUTH AND COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT
• Enabling vibrant and resilient communities. Preparing the next generation of scientists.
  Enhancing science capacity in minority serving institutions. Enhancing youth
  development.

CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
          Office of the REE Under
                  Secretary
   The 2008 Farm Bill authorizes creation of the
    Research, Education, and Extension Office
    (REEO) to coordinate the science activities across
    USDA
        PLANT HEALTH AND PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRODUCTS
        ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS
        FOOD SAFETY, NUTRITION, AND HEALTH
        RENEWABLE ENERGY, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND
         ENVIRONMENT
        AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGY
        AGRICULTURE ECONOMICS AND RURAL COMMUNITIES
   Under Secretary = USDA Chief Scientist
   REEO will assist the Under Secretary in developing
    a roadmap for agricultural research, education, and
    extension, and coordinate those functions across
    the mission area and all USDA research
                            Personnel
REE Under Secretary: Rajiv Shah

REE Deputy Under Secretary: Molly Jahn

NIFA Director: Roger Beachy

REE Offices:
•   Agricultural Economics, Communities, and Sustainability
•   Food Safety and Health
•   Agricultural Systems and Technology
•   Renewable Energy and Environment
•   Animal Health and Products
•   Plant Health and Products
                USDA Priorities
   Global Food Security and Hunger - NIFA supports
    new science to boost U.S. agricultural production,
    improve global capacity to meet the growing food
    demand, and foster innovation in fighting hunger by
    addressing food security for vulnerable populations.
   Climate Change - NIFA-funded projects generate
    knowledge to develop an agriculture system that
    maintains high productivity in the face of climate
    changes. This will help producers to plan for and make
    decisions to adapt to changing environments and
    sustain economic vitality, and can take advantage of
    emerging economic opportunities offered by climate
    change mitigation technologies.
               USDA Priorities
   Sustainable Energy - NIFA contributes to the
    President's goal of energy independence with a
    portfolio of grant programs to develop biomass use
    for biofuels, designing optimum forestry and crops
    for bioenergy production, and to produce value-
    added bio-based industrial products.
   Childhood Obesity - NIFA-supported programs
    ensure that nutritious foods are affordable and
    available, and provide guidance so that individuals
    and families are able to make informed, science-
    based decisions about their health and well-being.
                USDA Priorities
   Food Safety - NIFA food safety programs work to
    reduce the incidence of food-borne illness and provide
    a safer food supply by addressing and eliminating
    causes of microbial contaminants, educating consumer
    and food safety professionals, and developing food
    processing technologies to improve safety.
           FY 2010 NIFA Budget


                                                  An additional
$1,359,335,000
                      AFRI                       $149 million is
   for NIFA                      Congressional
                  budgeted at                     available for
 discretionary                     earmarks
                  $262.5M, an                        various
 programs, an                      continue:
                   increase of                     mandatory
  increase of                    $153M (~10%
                 approximately                   programs (e.g.,
approximately                    more than FY
                 30% over FY                     SCRI) = $1.5B
9.8% over FY                         2009)
                      2009                         total NIFA
     2009
                                                     budget
                    Mandatory Programs
       Mandatory Programs ($1000)                  FY 2008    FY 2009    FY 2010
Risk Management Education                            $5,000     $5,000     $5,000
Biomass Research and Development                         0      20,000     28,000
Biodiesel Fuel Education Program                      1,000      1,000      1,000
Organic Agriculture Research and Extension
  Initiative                                          3,000     18,000     20,000
Community Food Projects Program                          0      10,000      5,000
Specialty Crop Research Initiative                   30,000     50,000     50,000
Healthy Urban Food Enterprise Development Center         0       1,000      1,000
Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development
  Program                                                0      18,000     19,000
Outreach and Technical Assistance for Socially
  Disadvantaged Ranchers and Farmers                     0      15,000     20,000
Total, Mandatory Funding                            39,000    138,000    149,000
                          AFRI
   Authorizations: Agriculture and Food Research
    Initiative = NRI ($500M ) + Initiative for
    Future Agriculture and Food Systems ($200M)
   Integrated = 30% of funds
   Research = 60% basic + 40% applied
   Six science program areas
        PLANT HEALTH AND PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRODUCTS
        ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS
        FOOD SAFETY, NUTRITION, AND HEALTH
        RENEWABLE ENERGY, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND
         ENVIRONMENT
        AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGY
        AGRICULTURE ECONOMICS AND RURAL COMMUNITIES
      AFRI – Types of Proposals
   Single Function
      Research

      Education

      Extension

 Integrated, Multi-Functional
 Conferences

 Coordinated Agricultural Projects
   Comments from the Director:
     Where NIFA is Headed
Both high crop yields and safe and sustainable
  practices are critically important, and both deserve
  USDA’s continued full support.
What you have told us, almost to a person, is that we
  won’t accomplish much if we try to do everything.
  Your advice was to sharpen our focus – don’t be
  afraid to take on big, bold issues like food safety or
  global food security, but pick a reasonable number
  of topics to tackle because we are an agency with
  limited financial and human resources.
   Comments from the Director:
     Where NIFA is Headed
What you told us was that we weren’t working at
 scales large enough to make the kind of impact we
 want–large scale initiatives that draw scientists from
 a range of disciplines and the totality of public and
 private research institutions, focused on a few
 achievable outcomes can be more successful than a
 hundred pilot projects on a many different projects.
And while contributing to scientific knowledge is
 critically important…this is not sufficient. The
 scientific knowledge learned from these efforts
 must be translated into real solutions for real
 people.
   Comments from the Director:
     Where NIFA is Headed
But instead of focusing on many different problems at
  once, we should be figuring out how those many
  problems resolve into a limited and discrete set of
  issues and tackle the underlying causes that can
  ultimately contribute solutions to the wider array of
  problems.
In short, science at, and funded by, USDA needs to
  be focused, leverage other resources, and
  concentrate on select priorities at a large scale to
  produce useful outcomes. Our success in science
  ultimately will be matched by impact in society.
   Comments from the Director:
     Where NIFA is Headed
More of our awards will have requirements for an
 education and/or outreach through extension;
 they will require creating opportunities to recruit
 more students in the excitement of research in
 agriculture; we won’t be funding as many small,
 individual-investigator grants as in the past.
   Comments from the Director:
     Where NIFA is Headed
These five areas represent our vision for USDA
 science, and identify the expectations we have
 for what USDA science will accomplish for the
 American people:
  1. Global Food Security and Hunger
  2. Climate Change
  3. Sustainable Energy
  4. Childhood Obesity
  5. Food Safety
        January          6th   Announcement
   AFRI RFAs in February 2010 will commit up to $800
    million in funding for new grants, contingent on annual
    appropriations in following years (Huh? Only $262M)
   AFRI will support work in the following 2008 Farm Bill
    “priority science” areas : plant health and production and
    plant products; animal health and production and animal
    products; food safety, nutrition, and health; renewable
    energy, natural resources, and environment; agriculture
    systems and technology; and agriculture economics and
    rural communities. Programs focused on these areas will use a
    disciplinary-based approach to building a foundation of knowledge
    critical for solving current and future problems.
        January         6th   Announcement
   AFRI will support interdisciplinary, multi-functional
    projects in five “societal challenges”:
       Keep American agriculture competitive while ending
        world hunger
       Improve nutrition and end child obesity
       Improve food safety for all Americans
       Secure America’s energy future through renewable
        biofuels
       Mitigate and adapt agriculture to variations in climate
   Five separate RFAs, with multi-institutional,
    integrated grants up to $25M over 5 years with
    possible renewal grants for some programs
       January     6th   Announcement
   $5M for NIFA Fellows program
   $800M - $262M = $538M (÷4)  $133M in
    large grants for 2010 (half of AFRI)
   Timing for grant preparation (minimum): 9
    weeks for programs with letters of intent; 90
    days for large, complex projects; 4 weeks for
    others
    Specialty Crops – Legislative
             Definition
Specialty crops are defined in law as fruits and vegetables,
tree nuts, dried fruits, and horticulture and nursery crops,
including floriculture.
                     SCRI Legislation



                                                                 Address the critical
$230 million                  Priority given                   needs of the specialty
     in                       to multi-state     100% non-        crop industries by
               Research and     and multi-     federal match       developing and
 mandatory
                extension      institutional    requirement
                                                               disseminating science-
  funding                                                      based tools to address
 2008-2012                       projects                      needs of specific crops
                                                                  and their regions
        SCRI Legislation

              • Research in plant breeding, genetics, and
                genomics to improve crop characteristics
              • Efforts to identify and address threats from
                pests and diseases, including threats to specialty
Five focus      crop pollinators
              • Efforts to improve production efficiency,
areas (10%      productivity, and profitability over the long term
                (including specialty crop policy and marketing)
of funds in   • New innovations and technology, including
                improved mechanization and technologies that
each area)      delay or inhibit ripening
              • Methods to prevent, detect, monitor, control,
                and respond to potential food safety hazards in
                the production and processing of specialty
                crops, including fresh produce
SCRI Program Summary
    SCRI 2008-2009 Results

                 2008           2009
Applications       231           209
  paneled
Total funds      $266M          $317M
requested
  Panels            3             5
  Awards          27 (9)        35 (11)
Success rate    9% (31%)      13% (40%)
   Range       $350K – $6M   $423K – $5.2M
              SCRI 2008-2009 Results

Total Funds     PB&G           PM          PP&PE         Tech       Food Safety
 Awarded

$28,365,000   $3,786,571   $4,836,260    $10,438,688   $6,128,772   $3,174,709
$46,653,354   $8,470,733   $11,976,052   $14,019,209   $7,225,477   $4,961,881
            Things to Remember
   Big funding changes ahead for NIFA
   Some large projects will be initiated with out-year
    funding commitments (Centers, Consortia??)
   Both Farm Bill (disciplinary science) and
    Administration (societal challenge) priorities are
    accommodated
   Summing discretionary, mandatory, and future
    commitments = $2B in 2010
   Stay tuned, and hold on, it’s going to be a wild ride

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:9/7/2011
language:English
pages:29