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Chapter 16

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					                Chapter 16
• Romanticism
• (1770 - 1900)
  – Reaction to Classicism
          Instrumental Music
• The Ideal Romantic Art
  – the text of a vocal work limited its expressive
    range
• Schopenhauer
  – instrumental music expresses the innermost
    reality of himan feelings
             Program Music
• Instrumental music associated with poetic,
  descriptive, or narrative subject matter.
  –   Program symphony
  –   Concert overture
  –   Symphonic Poem or Tone Poem
  –   Incidental Music
        Franz Peter Schubert
• The Unfinished Symphony
  – Symphony No. 8
  – (IG75)
• 9 symphonies total
  – No. 9 The Great C Major Symphony
                 Hector Berlioz
• Symphonie fantastique (#105)
  – autobiographical
  – idée fixe
• Harold en Italie
  – viola solo
• Roméo et Juliette
  – Dramatic symphony in 7 movements for solo
    vocalists and chorus.
       Symphonie fantastique
• Mvt. IV, “Marche au supplice”
• idée fixe
• First Program Symphony
           Felix Mendelssohn
•   Italian Symphony (No. 4)
•   Scottish Symphony (No. 3)
•   Hebrides - overture
•   Overture to “A Midsummer Night’s
    Dream”
    – Incidental Music for A Midsummer Night’s
      Dream
     Overture to “A Midsummer
          Night’s Dream”
•   Enchanted forest
•   Wood nymphs
•   King Oberon’s Court
•   Lovers
•   Acting Troupe
•   Sonata Allegro Form
         Robert Schumann
• 4 symphonies
• No. 1 - Spring Symphony
               Franz Liszt
• 12 Symphonic poems
  – Les Préludes
• Symphonies
  – Faust Symphony
  – Dante Symphony
          Johannes Brahms
• Academic Overture
• Tragic Overture
• Variations on a theme of Haydn
 Johannes Brahms, Symphonies
• 4 Symphonies.
  – No. 1 took 20 years to write
  – “Beethoven’s 10th”
• Symphony No. 4 -
  – passacaglia/ chaconne theme with variations in
    Mvt. 4
Symphony No. 4 in E Minor, Op. 98

• Mvt. IV
  – passacaglia/chaconne
  – theme and 32 variations
           Anton Bruckner
• 9 1/2 symphonies
  – Monumental in scale and character.
  – Symphony No. 4 - Romantic Symphony
     Piotr Ilyyich Tchaikovsky
• 4, 5 and 6 are best known symphonies
  – No. 6, the Pathétique
• Overtures: 1812 Overture
  – Romeo and Juliet Overture
• Ballets: Nutcracker
  – Swan Lake
  – Sleeping Beauty
   Symphony No. 4 in F Minor
• Program symphony
• Sonata Allegro Form
  – Introduction: Knock of Fate
  – Primary: Anguish and Despair
  – Secondary: Escape from reality
           Antonin Dvořák
• 9 Symphonies
  – No. 9 the From the New World
  – Native American melodies
  – Negro Spirituals

				
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posted:9/7/2011
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