Challenges and Accomplishments
What do you know of these women?
Diana, Princess of Wales
Which woman do you think made the biggest difference?Why?
What special qualities do you think these women had in common?
Who are two other people whose lives made a difference?What did they do?
What kinds of work do volunteers do?
Which kind of volunteer work would you prefer to do?What would be
rewarding or challenging about it?
One of the most difficult aspects of working abroad…
The most rewarding thing about helping them…
These are examples of complex noun phrases with gerunds.
They are made up of three parts.
1. A noun phrase (e.g., the nouns aspect and thing, and all the
words that come before them).
2. A preposition (e.g., of, about).
3. A gerund (e.g., working, helping).
Complex noun phrases w/ gerunds
Ask the questions in part A again and answer with your own ideas.
What do you think is the biggest challenge of each job? What is
the greatest reward?
Challenges and Rewards
Listen to these people talk about their work. What is the biggest
challenge of each person’s job? What is the greatest reward?
Complete the chart.
A volunteer needs to be….
What are some challenges a volunteer would face for these jobs? Tell the
Working in a home for the visually impaired
Working in a homeless shelter
Working in an animal shelter
Working in a prison
What characteristics does a volunteer need to meet these challenges?
“The most challenging aspect of working with the visually impaired is
coming up with creative descriptions of everything. You’d need to be
Model: The best thing about being a student is.
The worst thing about being a student is….
USE –ing VERBS
In the USA, turning 21 is a “rite of passage” into adulthood.
How do you think you’ll feel when you’re 21?
What major plans do you want to achieve?
How did you feel when you turned 21?
What goals did you have at that time?
Talking about past accomplishments
1. The present perfect (have + past participle)
What have you accomplished in the past few years?
I’ve managed to find some new friends.
I’ve been able to….
1. The simple past
What did you accomplish in the last year?
I managed to improve my grades.
I learned/was able to…….last year/in 2009.
What are some of your accomplishments from
the past few years?
I’ve met some new friends.
I’ve learned some important life skills.
I was able to pass some difficult tests.
I’ve made an important career decision.
Decide which statements are true for you. Then think of four more statements
about yourself. Share these with your group and then the class.
Talking about possible future accomplishments
1. The future perfect (will have + past participle)
What do you hope you’ll have achieved in the next 5 years?
I hope that I’ll have taken a trip to Europe.
1. Would like to have + past participle
What would you like to have accomplished in the next 5 years?
I’d like to have bought a car.
I’d like to have seen….
What are some goals you would like to
have accomplished in the future?
By next year I hope I’ll have…
In the next three years, I hope I’ll have…
In ten years, I’d like to have…
By the time I’m 60, I’d like to have…
Share your goals with your group, and then the class.
pic grammar focus