THE MIDDLE EAST

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					THE MIDDLE EAST

    4 WHP’s and John:
       Nick Gauthier
        John Kast
      Danielle Nutter
      Ashlee Ruggeri
       Ashley Wright
SAUDI ARABIA
                SAUDI ARABIA
• Area: 2,149,690 sq. km.
  (slightly more than 1/5 the
  size of U.S.)

• Population: 27,019,731
  (includes 5,576,076 non-
  nationals. 2006 est.)
   – Some cities and oases
      have densities of more
      than 1,000 people per
      square kilometer (2,600
      per sq. mi).

• Political System: Monarchy    Source: CIA Fact book
         ECONOMIC DATA
GDP (Purchasing power parity)                      $374 Billion
     EXCHANGE RATE                       1 US dollar= $3.745 Saudi Riyal
                                         (2006 est.)
 SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION                          Agriculture: 3.3%
                                                  Industry: 67%
                                           Services: 29.8% (2006 est.)
   PER CAPITA INCOME                       In Countries currency (Saudi
                                            riyals): $13,800 (2006 est.)
GENDER DISTRIBUTION OF                        7.125 million workers:
     WORKFORCE                               *more than 35% of the
                                           population in the 15-64 age
                                         group is non-national (2006 est.)
                                                   •5,531.55 (M)
                                                    •809.63 (F)
                 Source: CIA Fact book
SOCIAL/CULTURAL FACTORS
• Language: Arabic                             • Years of Mandatory School:
• Age Distribution:                               – 80% for boys at the primary
   – 0-14= 38.2%                                    level and 50% for girls.
   – 15-64= 59.4%                                   Attendance was 55% for
                                                    boys at the secondary level
   – 65 and up=2.4%                                 and 22% for girls.
• Fertility Rate: 4 children per               • Adult Literacy: (Ages 15 and
  woman (2006 est.)                              up can read & write)
• Life Expectancy:                                – 84.7%(M)
   – 73.66yrs.(M)                                 – 70.8%(F)
   – 77.78yrs.(F)                                 – Total=78.8%
   – Total=75.67yrs.                           • Ethnic Groups:
   (2006 est.)                                    – 90% Arab
                                                  – 10% Afro-Asian
                                               • Major Religion: 100% Muslim

                                   Source: CIA Fact book
   SOCIAL TRENDS/ ISSUES
• Women status and taboos on the rise

• The simplest expression of hospitality is
  coffee

• 12.81 deaths/1,000 live births
         TECHNOLOGY
          Transportation
Roadways
• Total: 152,044 km
  Paved: 45,461 km
  Unpaved: 106,583 km

Airport Runways
• Total: 208
  Paved: 73
  Unpaved: 135

                        Jeddah: a post-modern camel
    TECHNOLOGY Television
TV Antennas Still in Use
• A survey by Arab Advisors Group, “Saudi Arabia Media Survey
  2007,” reveals that terrestrial TV still has a good base in Saudi
  Arabia with 48.4% of households stating that they tune into it.
  However, 93.9% of households own a satellite dish.
    – 73.7% of people in Saudi Arabia also listen to radio programs, with over
      half of the listeners tuning into radio shows on a daily basis.

• In regards to what people watch on TV, the audience of news
  programs spans all age groups, but peaks with older age groups.
    – A larger percentage of the younger generation watch game and contest
      shows, as well as fashion and music shows.
    – Those who had higher education levels mostly tuned into political
      shows. High school and university level students mostly tuned into
      sports, health and fitness programs.
        TECHNOLOGY Handheld
              Devices
Handheld Device Shipments Down
• The worldwide handheld device market slumped further at the close of
  2006, despite several notable vendors posting seasonal increases in
  shipments. According to IDC’s Worldwide Handheld QView, vendors
  shipped 5.5 million units in 2006, down 28.5% from the 7.6 million units
  shipped in 2005. For the quarter ending Dec. 31, 2006, vendors shipped a
  total of 1.5 million units, or 35.9% less than the 2.3 million units shipped
  during 4Q05. Looking ahead, IDC expects this downward trend to continue
  in 2007.

•   “The handheld devices market is under intense pressure from networked
    mobile devices,” said Ramon Llamas, research analyst with IDC’s Mobile
    Devices Technology and Trends team. “Features found on handheld
    devices, including personal information management (PIM) functionality,
    multimedia, and Bluetooth connectivity have also been included on
    converged mobile devices (commonly known as smartphones) and high-
    end phones. The proliferation of notebook computers with embedded
    wireless WiFi has also allowed users to remain connected while on the go,
    further reducing the demand for handheld devices. Finally, GPS devices
    have gained momentum in the marketplace, and also negatively impacted
    handheld devices.”
          ECONOMY TRENDS
•   “Saudi Arabia possesses 25% of the world's proven
    petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of
    petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The
    petroleum sector accounts for roughly 75% of budget
    revenues, 45% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings.”

•   Saudi Arabia ranks 73rd out of 229 countries in GDP
    per capita at $13,800.
    –   In comparison to the US at 9th with a GDP of $43,500.

•   “The government is encouraging private sector growth
    to lessen the kingdom's dependence on oil and
    increase employment opportunities for the swelling
    Saudi population. The government is promoting private
    sector and foreign participation in the power
    generation, telecom, natural gas, and petrochemical
    industries.”              Source: CIA Fact book
Jeddah: souq - meeting the pan merchant
           POLITICAL TRENDS
• The Holy Qur'an is the constitution of the country, which is
  governed on the basis of Islamic law and There are no
  political parties or national elections.

• The kingdom is divided into 13 provinces governed by princes
  or close relatives of the royal family. All governors are
  appointed by the King.

• They have many human rights problems, including; severe
  restrictions on the freedoms of speech, press, peaceful
  assembly and association, religion, denial of the right of
  citizens to change their government, systematic discrimination
  against women and ethnic and religious minorities, and
  suppression of workers' rights.
YEMEN
                        YEMEN
• Area: 527,970 sq km
  (slightly larger than twice
  the size of Wyoming)

• Population: 21.5 million
  (2005 est.)
   – 41.42 people/ sq. km

• Political System: Republic

• Other: Poorest country in
  the middle east.
                             Source: CIA Fact book
          ECONOMIC DATA
GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)                        $20.38 Billion

     EXCHANGE RATE                 1 US dollar= $197.467 Yemeni Rials
                                   (2006est.)
 SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION                            Agriculture: 12.5%
                                                    Industry: 43.8%
                                              Services: 43.7% (2006 est.)
    PER CAPITA INCOME                 In Countries Currency (Yemeni Rials):
                                                      $900
                                                   (2006 est.)
GENDER DISTRIBUTION OF                             6 million workers:
     WORKFORCE                                          72%(M)
                                                         28%(F)

                          Source: CIA fact book
SOCIAL/CULTURAL FACTORS
•   Language: Arabic                •   Years of Mandatory Schooling:
•   Age Distribution:                   8.8 years
     – 0-14=46.4%                   •   Adult Literacy: (age 15 and over
                                        can read & write)
     – 15-64=51%
                                         – 73.5%(M)
     – 65 and up=2.6%                    – 25%(F)
•   Fertility Rate: 6.58 children        – Total=50.2%
    born/woman (2006 est.)          •   Ethnic Groups:
•   Life Expectancy:                     – Predominately Arab; but also
     – 60.23yrs.(M)                         Afro-Arab, South Asians,
     – 64.11yrs.(F)                         Europeans
     – Total=62.12 yrs              •   Major Religions:
                                         – Muslim including Shaf'i
                                            (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a)
                                         – Small # of Jews
                                         – Christian             Source: CIA Fact book
                                         – Hindu
   SOCIAL TRENDS/ ISSUES
• FGM ( Female Genital Mutilation)
  – [Pregnant] women who have undergone this
    process will be treated by a Caesarean and
    death of the babies born to such mothers is
    almost 50% (www.wethewomen.org)
• Soap Operas
• AIDS and other STDs
    TECHNOLOGY Internet
• Internet Hosts for Yemen: 171
• Internet Hosts for United States:
  195,138,696
• Internet Users for Yemen: 220,000
• Internet Users for United States:
  1,018,057,389
   TECHNOLOGY Language
          Barriers
• “r u going 2 da movies. r u in? bring ur gr8
  camera.”
• A British Council report last year revealed
  that non-native English speakers now
  outnumber native speakers 3 to 1.
• Not only does that make English the most
  global language, it also gives wide space
  for inventing new variances in the
  language.
           TECHNOLOGY
            Transportation
Roadways
• Total: 71,300 km
  Paved: 6,200 km
  Unpaved: 65,100 km

Airport Runways
• Total: 46
  Paved: 16
  Unpaved: 30
         ECONOMIC TRENDS


•   Yemen had an estimated inflation rate of 14.80%
    in 2006. The US had an inflation rate 2.50% in
    comparison.

•   Per Capita of $900 ranking 220th of 229

•   Currently Yemen is “struggling to control
    excessive spending and rampant corruption” in
    its government.
                        Source: CIA Fact book
        POLITICAL TRENDS
• Yemen has been in political unrest for hundreds
  of years with many small political groups trying
  to take control with the use of force.

• Yemen is the only democratic country on the
  Arabian peninsula.

• North and South Yemen unite in 1990 and
  create their first constitution in 1991.
              REFERENCE PAGE
•   Background note: Saudi Arabia. US Department of State. Available at:
    http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3584.htm Accessed on February 9, 2007.
•   Culture. Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington DC (2006).
    Available at: http://www.saudiembassy.net/Country/Culture/Cul.asp
    Accessed on February 19, 2007.
•   Elham,M. (1998) YEMEN, THE TRIBE AND THE STATE. Available at:
    http://www.al-bab.com/yemen/soc/manea1.htm Accessed on February 12,
    2007.
•   English:a language facing technological challenge: Me speak English, you
    no English? Yemen Times (2006). Available at:
    http://yementimes.com/page.shtml?i=938&p=view Accessed on February
    14, 2007.
•   Female Genital Mutilation, a Grotesque Trend in Yemen. We the Women
    (2007). Available at: http://www.wethewomen.org/entry/female-genital-
    mutilation-a-grotesque-trend-in-yemen/ Accessed on February 18, 2007.
•   Hanley, Delinda C. "Empowering Saudi Arabian women.(Diplomatic
    Doings)(Saudi Arabian Princess Loulwa Al-Faisal)." Washington Report on
    Middle East Affairs 24.7 (Sept-Oct 2005): 73(2). InfoTrac OneFile. Thomson
    Gale. Oakland University. 20 Feb. 2007
      REFERENCE PAGE cont...
•   Immunization Profile - Saudi Arabia. World Health Organization (2006).
    Available at:
    http://www.who.int/vaccines/globalsummary/immunization/countryprofileres
    ult.cfm Accessed on February 17, 2007.
•   Lenovo Latest Tech Firm in Formula One. Arab Times (2007). Available at:
    http://www.arabnews.com/?page=11&section=0&article=92100&d=13&m=2
    &y=2007 Accessed on February 14, 2007.
•   Saudi Arabia. Euromonitor International: World Marketing Data and
    Statistics for Oakland University Available at:
    http://www.euromonitor.com.huaryu.kl.oakland.edu/womdas/default.asp
    Accessed on February 18, 2007.
•   Saudi Arabia. CIA Fact book (2007). Available at:
    https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/sa.html Accessed on
    February 10, 2007.
•   Timeline: Yemen. BBC News (2007). Available at:
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/country_profiles/1706450.stm
    Accessed on February 14, 2007.
•   Yemen. CIA Fact book (2007). Available at:
    https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ym.html Accessed on
    February 10, 2007.
PHOTO’S REFERENCE PAGE
• Images of Saudi Arabia. Available at:
  http://www.travel-
  images.com/saudiarabia.html Accessed on
  February 20, 2007.
• Yemen Hajarin (Mountain) Image. Available
  at: http://wikitravel.org/en/Image:Hajarin.jpg
  Accessed on February 20, 2007.
• Yemen. (1996) Available at:
  http://www.jorgetutor.com/yemen/yemen.htm
  Accessed on February 20, 2007.

				
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