Reading Quiz Chapter 22 Gilded Age Politics & Agrarian Revolt
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. The one issue on which there were clear-cut divisions between Democrats and Republicans in the Gilded Age
b. civil service reform.
c. the regulation of big business.
d. the tariff.
____ 2. People living during the Gilded Age expected what type of support from the federal government?
____ 3. In Munn v. Illinois, the Supreme Court upheld:
a. labor unions’ right to organize.
b. the philosophy that corporations were artificial people.
c. the right of state and local governments to regulate industry essential to the public welfare.
d. the anarchist right to form protest political parties.
____ 4. The Stalwarts:
a. were a faction in the Democratic party.
b. generally favored a lenient southern policy.
c. were led by Roscoe Conkling.
d. were also known as the “Half-Breeds.”
____ 5. Which of the following best describes Rutherford B. Hayes and civil service reform?
a. Hayes was able to get several civil service reform bills through Congress.
b. Hayes was against civil service reform, but Congress passed several bills over his vetoes.
c. Hayes was against civil service reform, but he signed several bills for political expediency.
d. Hayes was unable to get civil service legislation through Congress, but he set up his own
rules for merit appointments.
____ 6. Chester A. Arthur was:
a. elected to the presidency with less than half of the popular vote.
b. the first president since Lincoln to die in office.
c. elected to the presidency despite untrue rumors concerning gambling debts circulated by
the Democrats just before the election.
d. connected with the New York Customs House corruption before he became president.
____ 7. The Pendleton Civil Service Act:
a. provided for appointment to a number of government jobs on the basis of competitive
b. was signed into law by James Garfield.
c. was vetoed as “an unconstitutional intrusion of government into the private sphere” by
d. set up the first racial quotas for government service jobs.
____ 8. During the campaign for the presidential election of 1884, many prominent Republican leaders and supporters
left the party because:
a. they would not vote for a woman as vice-president.
b. the “Mugwumps” had gained power within the party.
c. letters were discovered linking candidate James G. Blaine to the railroads.
d. the party refused to take a firm stand on the tariff.
____ 9. Grover Cleveland:
a. was the first Democrat elected to the White House after the Civil War.
b. said that “just as the people support the government, so should the government support the
c. refused to fire federal workers on partisan grounds.
d. is correctly represented by all the above statements.
____ 10. The Interstate Commerce Act:
a. was created to regulate railroads.
b. was passed over Cleveland’s veto.
c. was overturned by the Supreme Court in Wabash Railroad v. United States.
d. is correctly represented by all the above statements.
____ 11. Benjamin Harrison was elected president:
a. in a campaign waged mainly on the issue of currency reform.
b. even though he received fewer popular votes than the loser, Grover Cleveland.
c. despite publication of the “Mulligan letters” linking him to the railroads.
d. in the only Gilded Age campaign not marred by dirty tricks and personal attacks on the
____ 12. Who said “I am now in my last year of the Presidency . . . and look forward to its close as a schoolboy longs
for the coming vacation”?
a. Grover Cleveland
b. Chester Arthur
c. Rutherford B. Hayes
d. Andrew Johnson
____ 13. Which of the following was not a factor in the decline of commodity prices during the Gilded Age?
a. Much new land had been brought into cultivation, increasing production.
b. Innovations in transportation brought American farmers more into competition with
farmers around the world.
c. The Sherman Silver Purchase Act decreased the amount of silver purchased by the
government and therefore caused deflation and lower prices.
d. Debt-ridden farmers produced more than the market would support at good prices.
____ 14. Passage of the “Granger Laws”:
a. laid a foundation for stronger legislation to follow.
b. proved very effective in the short term.
c. split the Grange Alliance.
d. helped the urban workers of the Northeast.
____ 15. Mugwumps were centered in:
a. large cities and major universities.
b. the rural South and small colleges.
c. the far west and major universities.
d. the Midwest and small colleges.
____ 16. The Independent National party:
a. was more commonly known as the Greenback party.
b. won five states in the presidential election of 1888.
c. drew most of its support from nativists in New England.
d. appealed mainly to immigrant voters in the Northeast.
____ 17. The subtreasury plan:
a. promoted deflation by withdrawing silver certificates from circulation.
b. was passed by Congress in 1890.
c. allowed farmers to secure low-interest government loans.
d. is correctly represented by all the above.
____ 18. All the following were included in the 1892 Omaha Platform of the Peoples party except:
a. halting the free and unlimited coinage of silver.
b. increasing the amount of currency in circulation.
c. nationalizing the railroads.
d. implementing the subtreasury plan.
____ 19. In the presidential election of 1892, the Populist candidate:
b. came in second.
c. did best in the Northeast.
d. won 22 electoral votes.
____ 20. One of the causes of the 1893 depression was failure of:
a. a French bank.
b. a British bank.
c. an American bank.
d. the World Bank.
____ 21. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold! This statement was made by:
a. William Jennings Bryan.
b. William McKinley.
c. Grover Cleveland.
d. Thomas E. Watson.
____ 22. In the presidential election of 1896, William Jennings Bryan:
a. was the candidate of the Populist party.
b. carried most of the states in the West and South.
c. could not win the votes of urban workers in the Northeast.
d. is correctly described by all the above statements.
____ 23. When Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner labeled the post Civil War era the gilded age, they implied
that it was characterized by:
a. widespread greed and corruption.
b. the practical elimination of poverty.
c. massive appreciation of art and culture.
d. a real absence of political division.
____ 24. Rutherford B. Hayes never had a serious chance of a second term as president due to:
a. the series of scandals that plagued his administration.
b. the controversy over his election in 1876.
c. his failure to reduce tariff rates significantly.
d. his suppression of the railroad strike of 1877.
____ 25. As president, Chester Arthur proved to be:
a. a staunch opponent of civil service reform.
b. a tool of the Stalwart faction of the Republican party.
c. a loyal friend to organized labor.
d. surprisingly competent and independent.
____ 26. Grover Cleveland showed political courage when he vetoed legislation favored by:
b. Union veterans.
c. federal employees.
d. Indian rights activists.
____ 27. One major argument Cleveland made for reducing tariffs was that:
a. the federal government had a surplus of revenue.
b. the British government would support such a move.
c. taxes on imports were unconstitutional.
d. big business would become even more profitable.
____ 28. Which of the following groups did not support increased coinage of silver?
c. elite business leaders
d. Western silver-mining interests
____ 29. The Farmers Alliances:
a. had millions of members.
b. urged Congress to adopt the subtreasury plan.
c. helped establish the Populist Party.
d. are correctly represented by all the above statements.
____ 30. In the 1896 campaign, William Jennings Bryan:
a. spoke and campaigned all over the country.
b. tried to de-emphasize his platforms demand for free silver.
c. promised to continue the policies of Grover Cleveland.
d. refused to mix politics and religion.