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Oil Painting_ Intro to Oil Painting


									Visual Arts Center of Richmond – Intro to Oil Painting or Painting in Oil
Instructor: Brenda Isenberg
Fall 2010

Indicates more information at end of document

Brushes 

Filbert Brushes Only - No synthetic brushes
Sizes: 4, 8, 12, 18
Chung King bristle brushes - on the larger side, 12+

Medium and Brush Cleaning 
Gamsol (Turpentine substitute by Gamblin)
Sun-Thickened Linseed Oil
Venice Turpentine
Please pre-open the above 3 items before class, and then close again.

2 glass jars with lids that seal tightly. (Empty, washed preserves jars are good.)
Small, 3 oz. translucent plastic cups (comes in a package of 80) for pouring a small
amount of medium into (CVS has these.)

Palette: Pad of disposable palettes (At least 12 x 16 inches -- or larger)

Stretched and prepared canvas or linen – not much larger than 24 inches in any
direction. (Helpful to buy 2 in the beginning, more later.)
Please don’t paint on canvas board.

Paper Towels – Viva brand is the nicest for painting.


Radiant White (Gamblin) Large 150 ML tube

All other paints in 37 or 40 ML tubes:

Ivory Black

Cadmium Red Deep
Alizarin Crimson
Flesh Ochre (Old Holland - make sure it is not "flesh tint")
Pink Madder (Holbein)

Cadmium yellow Light
Yellow Ochre
Raw Sienna

Ultramarine Blue
Cerulean Blue
Prussian Blue
Dioxazine Purple

Raw Umber
Burnt Umber

Sap green
Chromium oxide green
Permanent Green Light
Permanent Green Dark or Deep

Greys & Deep Dark Earth:
Sepia Extra (Old Holland)
Terre de Cassel (Lefranc & Bourgeois)

Palette knives - Shown below are 3 recommended shapes (I find the bottom one most
useful.) Please note that these palette knives do not lay flat. It's important to have the
handle higher in space than the palette part.

Additonal Information On ...

Recommended Brushes - Filbert Brushes Only
Brushes should have spring and resilience to them. If you push your finger against the
brush hairs and release, they should immediately go back to where they were before
touching them. Therefore, I always like to buy my brushes in person, so I can test their
strength. My favorite brand is Da Vinci Black Sable Double Thick

I also like Isabey Mongoose Brushes, Isabey Pure Kolinsky Sable Brushes, and Raphael
brand brushes as well.

I like to have a Princeton 7400R #1 (this is a "Round" not a Filbert, and I think it's synthetic,
but there's always an exception.) In general, synthetic brushes don’t have enough
resilience and spring to them.

How to Mix your Medium

1 part Sun-Thickened Linseed Oil
1 part Venice Turpentine
2 parts Gamsol

Pour these 3 liquids into a container which you will be able to reseal tightly, as you will
shake the container to mix the substances together before each painting session. You
will pour a bit out into a transparent plastic cup or other container when you start your

Oil Painting - What to expect in the first class:

Understanding Warms and Cools - Mostly grisaille painting (warm and cold blacks,
probably some yellow ochre and a red). We’ll paint a cylinder – a simple shape – in the
form of an everyday object – as well as the surrounding space and air, which we will
also analyze in terms of value and color temperature, as well as plane changes.


                              1) Grisaille: Painting in a single color of different values,
                              usually greys.

                              2) Color Temperature: The optical warmth or coolness of a
                              pigment; blue is cold, red and yellow are warm. Green is not
                              as cold as blue, because it has yellow in it. Purple is colder
                              than magenta. Both are a mix of red and blue, but purple
                              has more blue than red, and magenta has more red than

                              3) Value: The amount of white mixed into a pigment. This is
                              also known as saturation.
   WHERE TO BUY ANY SUPPLIES YOU NEED – Please shop at an art store, not a crafts store. (locally owned, very helpful & knowledgeable staff)
   Main Art @ Main St and Lombardy St., 1537 West Main St, 355-6151
   Hours: Mon-Fri, 9-6; Sat, 10-5

   Plaza Art @ Grace St. and Harrison St., 927 West Grace St. 359-5900
   For store hours:

   If Main Art and Plaza Art don’t have supplies on this list go online and order from Blick
   Art Materials at In my experience, their online operation is

Email me at if you have any questions.

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