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Individualized Education Program IEP

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					   Legislation and the
Individualized Education
     Program (IEP)

Important Laws and IEP definition,
 components, process, and purpose
                    Legislation
• P.L. 93-112 Rehabilitation Act of 1973
   – Section 504
• P.L. 94-142 Education of All Handicap Children Act
  of 1975
• P L. 99-457 Education of the Handicapped Children
  Act Amendments of 1986
• P.L. 101-336 Americans with Disabilities Act of
  1990
• P.L. 101-476 Individuals with Disabilities Education
  Act of 1990
• P.L. 105-17 Individual with Disabilities Education
  Act Amendments of 1997
                How it all Began
• Preamble to the Constitution
• 1954 - Brown vs. Board of Education
    – Separate but Equal (African Americans)
    – 1962 James Merideth
•   1964 - P.L. 88-352 Civil Rights Act
•   Riding on the Bus
•   1967 – P.L – 90-170
•   1972 - P.L. 92-318 Title IX of the Educational
    Amendments Act
    – Separate but Equal (Women)
• 1973 - P.L. 93-112 Rehabilitation Act
    – Separate but Equal (Disabilities)
           P.L. 93-112
     Rehabilitation Act of 1973
• Title V Section 504
• “No otherwise qualified handicapped
  individual…..shall, solely by reason of his
  handicap, be excluded from participation in,
  be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to
  discrimination under any program or
  activity receiving Federal financial
  assistance”
• Least Restrictive Environment
• 504 Compliance Officer
1975 P.L. 94-142 Education of All
     Handicap Children Act
 • Justification for Law*
 • FAPE (related services)
 • IEP
 • LRE
 • Rights (Due Process – See Handout*)
 • Evaluate Effectiveness at all Levels of
   Govn’t
 • Federal Financial Assistance (40% vs. 10%)
           P L. 99-457
   Education of the Handicapped
 Children Act Amendments of 1986
• Early intervention services (Birth - 2yrs)

• Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)

• Seven Components
            P.L. 101-336
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
• All discrimination regardless of funding
  source
Five areas are addressed:
• Employment
• Public Accommodations
• Public Services
• Transportation
• Communication
    1990 P.L. 101-476 Individuals with
        Disabilities Education Act
•   Significant changes were made
•   Language
•   Transition (Age 16)
•   SED
•   ADHD Research
•   Assistive Technology
•   Services expanded to include: Autism and TBI
               P.L. 105-17
Individual with Disabilities Education Act
          Amendments of 1997
 • Discipline - (Stay Put Provision, pg. 31)

 • Involvement -

 • Assessment -

 • IEP Statements – (Extent “Not” Participate)

 • Transition - (Age 14)
                 P.L. 108-446
     Individual with Disabilities Education
            Improvement Act 2004

• Highly Qualified
  – Bachelor’s degree
  – No waivers
  – Special training
• Learning Disabilities
  – Elimination of “wait to fail” model (severe
    discrepancy)
• Transition (age 16)
Individualized Education Program IEP

• IDEA (1990) - Re-defined the IEP (1975),
  it’s purpose, and process

• Written Document
• All Children Receiving Special Education
  Services
• Multidisciplinary
• Services Received
*Physical Education
             IEP Definition
Definition
• The IEP is a written statement, developed
  by a multidisciplinary team, that highlights
  current performance and goals, needed
  services, and evaluation of such services
          IEP Components
Statements of:
• Current Level
• Goals and Objectives
• Direct and Related Services to be Provided
• Percent of time not in general education
• Dates and Duration
• Annual Evaluation Procedures
• Physical Education
• Statement of Transition Services
            Transition Services
•   “Life after School”
•   OSERS Model
•   Research Suggests (Perraino, 1992)
•   Halpern (1993) Model
•   Implications for Adapted Educators
    – Quality of Life Issues
                     IEP Purpose
• Main Purpose: Document          • LRE: Educating children
  placement decision                with disabilities to the
• Criteria for having a disability maximum extent possible
  in the subject matter under       with children without
  consideration                     disabilities
• Support services needed for • The idea is that the further
  participation in the “least       removed from the
  restrictive environment”          mainstream, the less likely
                                    they will live a “normal”
                                    life in society
                IEP Process
• Series of Procedures
    – ARD (Admission, Review, and Dismissal).
• Five phases: (Sherrill, 1998)
• 1. Identification
• 2. Initial data collection
• 3. Admission, Assessment, and IEP
  meeting *(4-5 participants)
• 4. Program Implementation (Annual
  Review)
• 5. Return to regular education
        Factors Regarding IEP’s
•   1. Multidisciplinary Input
•   2. Not legally binding contracts
•   3. Replace traditional report cards
•   4. Developed within 30 days
•   5. Formats vary by school district

				
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posted:9/6/2011
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