1 Ecozones Map of Canada ________________________________________________________________________ Purpose: The purpose of this activity is to create an Ecozones map of Canada. Introduction: Before you begin your study of Canada’s geography, it is important to know the locations of some of the countries most important geographic features. In this activity you will have the opportunity to locate Canada’s Ecozones and label them accordingly. Files Required: Canada2001.shp (National Folder) Ecozones.shp (National Folder) Province.shp (Western Canada Folder, MB folder) What to do: (Follow these steps…IN ORDER) 1. Open the ArcView Program (double click on the icon ArcView GIS 3.3) 2. Create a new view, click ok 3. Would you like to add data to the view? Click yes 4. Maximize your screen 5. When the add theme box pops up… i) Go to the f:// drive ii) Click on the esri folder iii) Click on esri data folder iv) Find the National Folder v) Open it vi) Click on the shp folder in National vii) Add theme Canada2001.shp and Ecozone.shp from the left viewing window viii) Click Ok 6. Your window will now be blank on the right side, with the left having a Canada2001.shp and Ecozone.shp icons. 7. Click on the tiny box by Canada2001.shp, the map will appear on the right screen. 2 SAVE FILE NOW: TO YOUR DRIVE – IN A FOLDER YOU WILL REMEMBER 8. You will now need to add your other data…. ix) Go to the f:// drive x) Click on the esri folder xi) Click on esri data folder xii) Find the Western Canada Folder, then MB folder xiii) Open it xiv) Add theme from the left viewing window and choose, province.shp of manitoba xv) Click Ok xvi) Repeat as many times necessary to get all data in project window. SAVE FILE NOW: TO YOUR DRIVE – IN A FOLDER YOU WILL REMEMBER 9. You will now change the map projection of your project. To do this you will have to… i) Go to View and select Properties ii) Change the distance units to “kilometres” iii) Choose projection box and click custom, then choose, Equidistant Azimuthal. iv) Click OK, twice 10. Your map should now change a little because of the settings you just changed! SAVE FILE NOW: TO YOUR DRIVE – IN A FOLDER YOU WILL REMEMBER a) You will now be Changing the ecozone colours. To do this you will i) Double click on the ecozone file, on the left hand screen ii) Legend editor will appear iii) Change legend type to unique value iv) Change values field to eco_zone v) At the bottom, change your colour scheme (choose light colours) vi) Click Apply SAVE FILE NOW: TO YOUR DRIVE – IN A FOLDER YOU WILL REMEMBER 11. Make sure all your ecozones are viewable (colours are light) 3 12. You will now label the ecozones by using the Auto Label function. 13. To do this you will choose the Third icon from the left on the second tool bar, it is a tl with a line and a dot or label tag 14. Label all the Ecozones! 15. Go to the legend editor for Province.shp 16. Click on Box below symbol, and then on the paint brush tool, change your foreground to no colour (box with an x in it). 17. Change outline to black. 18. Exit out of colour box. 19. The province will appear on your Ecozone map as an outline of MB. 20. You are now ready to set up for printing. 21. Go to View, then Layout 22. Choose landscape then click OK 23. A map should appear on your screen, called View 1 24. Click on the “VIEW” and change the box to your name (first and last) 25. Enlarge your map if you wish, change layout around if you want. 26. Ask your teacher where to print (what printer). If in colour, he/she will have to release it for you. Remember, ASK before you print! 22. Congratulations you have completed your Ecozones Map of Canada! 4 Now…Answer the following questions: 1. How many ecozones does Manitoba have? 2. Name the ecozones that are present in Manitoba. 3. Name the province/territory with the most ecozones. 4. Name the province/territory with the fewest ecozones. 5. Explain in a paragraph or two, why you think Manitoba has these types of ecozones. (relate to climate and area) 6. How many ecozones are present in Canada? 7. Why do you think it is easier to divide Canada into ecozone areas?