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					                                Contents
6. Looked After Children

6.1    Looked After Children:   Accommodation

6.2    Looked After Children:   Allowances for Young People in Pathway
                                Placements (To follow)

6.3    Looked After Children:   Application for National Insurance Number

6.4    Looked After Children:   Applying for Criminal Injury Compensation
                                Award (CICA)

6.5    Looked After Children:   Assessment and Action Records

6.6    Looked After Children:   Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Children‟s
                                Care Needs

6.7    Looked After Children:   Blue Books

6.8    Looked After Children:   Care Plans

6.9    Looked After Children:   Change of Placement

6.10   Looked After Children:   Child Trust Funds

6.11   Looked After Children:   Children Placed in the Area by Other Councils

6.12   Looked After Children:   Children Who Go Missing

6.13   Looked After Children:   Commissioning Out of Authority Placements

6.14   Looked After Children:   Death of a Child in Care

6.15   Looked After Children:   Disruption Meetings

6.16   Looked After Children:   Education

6.17   Looked After Children:   Emergency Medical Attention

6.18   Looked After Children:   Essential Information Record – Parts 1 & 2

6.19   Looked After Children:   Financial Assessments (To follow)

6.20   Looked After Children:   Immediate Placements

6.21   Looked After Children:   Independent Reviewing Officers
6.22   Looked After Children:   Independent Visitors

6.23   Looked After Children:   Individual Placement Contracts

6.24   Looked After Children:   Medication

6.25   Looked After Children:   Overnight Stays

6.26   Looked After Children:   Passport Applications

6.27   Looked After Children:   Permanency Planning – Working with Birth
                                Families and Children

6.28   Looked After Children:   Permanency Planning Meetings

6.29   Looked After Children:   Personal Education Allowances

6.30   Looked After Children:   Personal Education Plans

6.31   Looked After Children:   Personal Health Plans

6.32   Looked After Children:   Placement in Other Council Areas

6.33   Looked After Children:   Placement Plans – Parts 1 and 2

6.34   Looked After Children:   Placement with Parents of Children
                                Subject to a Care Order

6.35   Looked After Children:   Pocket Money and Savings

6.36   Looked After Children:   Pre-placement and post-placement meetings

6.37   Looked After Children:   Protocol for Joint Funded Placements

6.38   Looked After Children:   Quality of Opportunity – Personal Appearance

6.39   Looked After Children:   Quality of Opportunity – Leisure Activities

6.40   Looked After Children:   Quality of Opportunity – Meals

6.41   Looked After Children:   Representation at Reviews

6.42   Looked After Children:   Review of Arrangements

6.43   Looked After Children:   School Exclusions

6.44   Looked After Children:   Termination of Pregnancy
6.45   Looked After Children:   The Council‟s Pledge to Looked After
                                Children

6.46   Looked After Children:   Transfer Between ChildCare Area Teams
                                And Looked After Children‟s Team

6.47   Looked After Children:   Visiting Arrangements / Requirements


6.48   Looked After Children:   In Detention
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.    Looked After Children
6.1   Looked After Children : Accommodation

      Objective                    To ensure that children in need are, when necessary, able to be looked
                                    after by the Council without recourse to Court orders.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Children Act 1989 s20
                                   Children Act 2004
                                   The Care of Children Principles and Practice Regulations and Guidance,
                                    DOH HMSO 1989
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                    Looked After Children 2010
                                   Support for All: The Families and Relationships Green Paper - 2010
                                   Promoting the Emotional Health of Children and Young People: Guidance
                                    for Children‟s Trust Partnerships
                                   Provision of accommodation for 16 and 17 year old young people who may
                                    be homeless and/or require accommodation – 2010
                                   Planning transition for adulthood for Looked After Children – 2010
                                   Care Planning Placement & Case Review (England) Regulations 2010
                                   Accommodated Children Visiting Arrangements Regulations 2011
                                   IRO Handbook 2010: Statutory Guidance for IROs and LAs


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Children should be brought up within their own families. The role of the         Family support
          Council is to provide family support services where appropriate to enable this   Children Act 1989
          to happen when it is consistent with the child‟s welfare. Therefore no child     s17
          will become accommodated unless a Family Group Meeting has failed to             Family Group
          identify a less intrusive and more appropriate setting in which said child can   meetings
          be looked after.
      2   No child should become looked after until there has been a proper                Assessment
          assessment of the child‟s needs and consideration of family, community,          Framework
          Children's Social Care or other agency resources which may appropriately
          support the child with their parents or extended family. This includes
          intensive support via FaST / Family Support Services.
      3   Children are 'looked after' by the Council irrespective of whether they are      Care Order
          accommodated or on a care order. Requirements relate to 'looked after
          children' regardless of their legal status. A care plan for an accommodated
          child must be the same as that for a child subject to a Section 31 order.
      4   Parents and people with parental responsibility retain their legal status in     Parental
          decision making with regard to their child when accommodated.                    Responsibility
      5   Children who are aged 16 and over can be accommodated without the
          agreement of their parents or people with parental responsibility if the
          Council deems this to be appropriate.
      6   A Council cannot provide accommodation for a child if a person with parental     Children Act 1989,
          responsibility is both willing and able to look after the child and does not     s20 (3)
          want the Council to accommodate the child. This is not the case if either,
          the child is over 16 and wishes to remain or become accommodated, or
          another person with a residence order wishes the child to be accommodated.
      7   Any person with parental responsibility for the child may at any time remove
          them from accommodation unless the child is over 16 and wishes to remain
          accommodated.
      8   In circumstances where there is a residence order in force and the child is      Residence Order
          accommodated it should be noted that no other person with parental
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                         Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
          responsibility can remove that child from accommodation.
      9   A child may be accommodated by the Council with the agreement of a parent
          or a person with parental responsibility.


                                                                                         Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Only simple day to day decisions can be made by Council staff and carers
          without the agreement of people with parental responsibility.                  Care Plan
      2   Accommodation must never be used as a way to avoid going to court to gain
          an order to look after the child.
      3   The full 'looked after children' system of assessment, review and recording
          needs to be used when children are accommodated.

     No Task                                               Responsible     Record required       Performance
                                                           officer         on RAISE              standard
     1    Assessment of child‟s needs and current          Social Worker   Raise Initial         7 days
          circumstances.                                                   Assessment Record
                                                                           Children in Need      35 days
                                                                           Core Assessment
                                                                           Case Recording        As situation
                                                                           Sheet                 arises
     2    Ascertain with parents or those with parental    Social Worker   Raise Assessment      7 days
          responsibility whether there are plans to                        Record
          secure the child with extended family or                         Children in Need      35 days
          friends to alleviate the current circumstances                   Core Assessment
          or meet the child‟s needs.                                       Case Recording        As situation
                                                                           Sheet                 arises
     3    Inform Team Manager of the circumstances,        Social Worker   Raise Initial         7 days
          assessment and family network proposals.                         Assessment Record
                                                                           Children in Need      35 days
                                                                           Core Assessment
                                                                           Case Recording        As situation
                                                                           Sheet                 arises
     4    Determine whether Family Plans:                  Team Manager    Supervision Note
          Subject to Child Protection Procedures,                          Team Manager
          Lead to Private Fostering Arrangements,                          Decision within
          Legal Action should be considered,                               Raise Assessment
          Placement of child requires LA provision                         Record
                                                                           or Children in Need
                                                                           Core Assessment
                                                                           Management
                                                                           Decision Sheets
     5    Refer for Family Group Meeting                   Social Worker   Day Break Family      Within 7 days
                                                                           Group Meetings
                                                                           Referral Form
     6    Determine whether Placement is subject of      Team Manager      See Procedures
          Immediate Placement – placement of the child                     Immediate and
          is necessary that this can best be provided by                   Emergency
          family or friends who are not approved as                        Placements
          foster carers.
     7    If decision is that Council accommodation is   Social Worker
          safest and most effective placement, referral
          to Fostering and Placements or brokerage
          service including relevant supplementary
          information available.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                           Responsible     Record required       Performance
                                                       officer         on RAISE              standard
     8    Commence completion of LAC documentation     Social Worker   See procedures:       Prior to child
          with parent/s or those with parental                         RAISE                 being
          responsibility.                                              EIR Part 1            accommodated
                                                                       EIR Part 2            in emergency
                                                                       LAC Placement         placements
                                                                       Plan Part 1           information to
                                                                       LAC Placement         be provided
                                                                       Plan Part2            immediately
                                                                       LAC Care Plan,        after
                                                                       LAC Health Plan /     placement.
                                                                       Personal Education    See relevant
                                                                       Plan                  procedures
                                                                       Leisure Plan
                                                                       Reviews
     9    Information to with parent/s or those with     Social Worker Information for       Upon child
          parental responsibility                                      Parents of Children   being
                                                                       who are being         accommodated
                                                                       Accommodated
     10   Information regarding maintenance payments     Social Worker Guidance Notes for    Upon child
          for accommodation of child and financial                     Parents - Making      being
          contribution forms to be given to parent.                    Payment for our       accommodated
                                                                       Child(ren)'s
                                                                       Maintenance SS3
                                                                       Case recording
                                                                       Sheet
     11   Consideration of Family Group Meeting to       Team Manager/ Day Break Family      Within 2 days
          support rehabilitation within 4 - 6 weeks.     Social Worker Group Meetings        of decision to
                                                                       Referral Form         refer
     12   Consideration of legal action.                 Team Manager/ See procedures:       See procedures
                                                         Social Worker Legal meeting,
                                                                       Application for
                                                                       Emergency
                                                                       Protection Order.
     13   RAISE to be updated with all relevant          Social Worker Notification of       Immediately
          information.                                                 Amendments
     14   When the family have identified a family based Team Manager/ Follow Private        When it is
          care arrangement and that this may extend      Social Worker Fostering             identified or
          beyond 28 days Private Fostering Procedures                                        becomes a
          will need to be followed.                                                          period of 28
                                                                                             days. See
                                                                                             procedures.
Reviewed             April 2011
Agreed by CSMT       May 2011
Next Review Date     April 2013


6.3       Looked After Children : Application for National Insurance Number

      Objective                      To ensure all looked after children or care leavers receive a National
                                      Insurance Number
                                  




      Legal & Policy Status          Inland Revenue Form CA 3530U & Aide Memoire


                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1      It is important that this process is completed to ensure young people in or
             leaving the care system are treated more like other young people and are
             spared the prospect of having to undergo lengthier and more demanding
             procedures to establish their identity at a later stage.
      2      National Insurance registration takes place automatically shortly before a
             child‟s 16th birthday but only for children for whom child benefit is paid.
             Child benefit is not paid whilst a child is in care or looked after. Therefore
             the Inland Revenue operate special arrangements that require social workers
             to apply for NI numbers for the children in their care.
      3      The child‟s social worker is required to write or fax a request for Form CA
             3530U to the NI registrations section when the young person reaches 15yrs
             and 9 months.
      4      The form should be completed, signed and authenticated with appropriate
             Council stamp, and returned to NI Registration Section within four weeks of
             receipt. Once all of the information has been validated, the NI Registration
             Section will arrange for an NI number card to be issued to the young person.
      5      If the Council does not comply with these special arrangements, the young
             person will have to apply in person via the DSS or the Inland Revenue and
             may be subjected to an evidence of identity interview.
      6      Contacts for queries in NI Registration Section on any of the following
             numbers (local rate call):
             084591–57946
             084591–53662
             084591–54799
             Section Manager‟s Tel. 084591 57757


                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1      When a young person reaches 15yrs and 9 months the Social Worker requests
             form CA3530U by post or fax.
      2      On receipt of form it must be returned fully completed within four weeks.
      3      Returned forms must have the Councils validation stamp.
      4      The young person will be registered for an NI number on receipt and
             validation of the information and the a card will be issued.

      No Task                                                Responsible       Record required     Performance
                                                             officer           on RAISE            standard
      1     Ensure that documentary evidence is available    Social Worker     Case Recording      When child is
            to prepare for request for application form.                       Sheet               15 years and 8
             Names, including any former names the                                                months
                child used.
             Date of Birth
             Date the young person was accommodated
                or care order
             Previous addresses (max of three & must
                include last one)
             Any documentary evidence of identity e.g.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                               Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                           officer         on RAISE             standard
              copies of birth certificates, care orders,
              passport etc
     2    Request application form CA3530U on LA           Social Worker   File Copy            When child is
          headed notepaper and addressed to:                                                    15 years and 9
          Inland Revenue, National Insurance                                                    months
          Contributions Office, NI Integrity group,
          NI Registrations Section, Longbenton,
          Newcastle upon Tyne NE 98 1ZZ
          Fax 084591-573.
     3    Complete form CA3530U.                           Social Worker   File copy on RAISE   Within 4
                                                                                                weeks
     4    When NI number is issued, enter it on RAISE.     Social Worker   Case Recording       Within 2
                                                                           Sheet                working days
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.4   Looked After Children : Applying for Criminal Injury Compensation Award (CICA)

      Objective                    To ensure that children who are looked after by the Council, who have
                                    sustained "personal injury" directly attributed to a crime of violence, have
                                    access to claim for compensation.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme


                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    Copies of the form and a guide to its interpretation are available from the
           compensation Injuries Compensation Authority, Tay House, 3000 Bath Street,
           Glasgow G2 4LN Tel: 0800 358 3601. Or online at
           www.direct.gov.uk/en/Diol1/DoItOnline/DG_4017577
      2    In all cases the victim must have suffered personal injury. Personal injury
           means of physical or mental nature, including shock or psychological
           disturbance which is directly attributed to the crime of violence.
      3    The injury must be one which would attract an award of at least 1 of the
           Tariff of Injuries.
      4    Claims must be submitted within 2 years of the date of the incident.
           However, a claims officer may waive this limit where he/she considers that it
           is reasonable and in the interests of justice to do so.
      5    A sympathetic attitude is taken towards late claims made on behalf of
           children or by children themselves when made within a reasonable time of
           reaching 18.
      6    It is not necessary that the offender should have been convicted before an
           award can be made. However the compensation may be withheld or reduced
           if the applicant has not taken, without delay, all reasonable steps to inform
           the police of the circumstances of the injury with a view to bringing the
           offender to justice. Again a more sympathetic attitude is taken towards
           children who may have been too young or too frightened to appreciate the
           right course of action.
      7    Where the victim and any assailant were living in the same household at the
           time of the injury as members of the same family, compensation can only be
           paid if the person responsible has been prosecuted or there are good reasons
           why a prosecution has not been brought. In cases of child abuse within the
           family where there has been no prosecution a full explanation on the child's
           behalf will be required. Further the award panel would need to be satisfied
           that payment would not be against the child's best interest and that the
           offender will not benefit from the award.
      8    The Scheme requires that a claim on behalf of a person under the age of 18
           should be made by an adult with parental responsibility for the child. If the
           child is in care the Scheme will expect the claim to be lodged by or on behalf
           of the Council to whom parental responsibility has been granted. When there
           is no one legally entitled to act for the child, help should be sought from the
           Official Solicitor for England and Wales.
      9    Before a final award can be made the full circumstances in which the injury
           occurred and the extent of the damage and the prognosis is required.
           This information is obtained from the Police, hospital doctors etc named on
           the claim form. However an application is also assisted by supporting
           information sent with the claim including medical or psychological reports
           etc.
      10   The amount of compensation is determined by the tariff of injuries appended
           to the scheme and is usually awarded as a lump sum. Interim payments can
           be made where there is a pressing need or where the prognosis is uncertain.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      11   Where the child may die from the injuries, consideration is given as to the
           possibility that an award could pass on intestacy to the person(s) who caused
           the injury. In such cases interim awards for specific needs may be made but
           will be subject to stringent control and the final assessment will be deferred
           until the child is 18 years
      12   The decision regarding the claim will be notified to the person or to the
           Council holding parental responsibility, with any directions for the disposal
           and management of the award.
      13   It is expected that the Council to be responsible for investment and
           administration of the award until the child reaches age 18


                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    All claims should be made as soon as possible.
      2    A Review of Decision must be completed within 90 days if an appeal of the
           award is to be considered by the Scheme.

     No Task                                               Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                           officer           on RAISE             standard
     1     Potential claim identified and logged on the    Social Worker /   Case Recording       Immediately
           Criminal Injury Compensation Database by the    Team Manager      Sheet
           Database Administrator.                         and Database
                                                           Administrator
     2     If Looked After Child or young person is        Social Worker     Case Recording       Immediately
           accommodated Children Act Section 20,                             Sheet
           parental agreement to the claim should be
           obtained.
     3     Claim form completed and report prepared and Social Worker        Completed Medical Within 20 days
           submitted to Team Manager for approval.                           Practitioners Claim of No 1
           The report should contain:-                                       Form
            Name, age and Date of Birth
            Family details and relationships                                LAC Care Plan
            Brief history of the child
            Present circumstances
            Circumstances at time of injury
            Action taken
            Indicate whether or not prosecution took
                place - if not give reasons
            Indicate dates and places of any medical
                examinations, psychological or psychiatric
                assessments, education reports or any
                other relevant reports. (Please indicate if
                attached.)
            Pen picture of child or young person
            Child's view of injury (if appropriate), child
                may wish to write about self.
            Parents/Carers view
            Estimate of present and future effects on
                child/young person e.g. physical,
                emotional, psychological state
                relationships, health mobility etc
            Finance costs to date of injuries if any
                medical, educational, domestic, health
                care and any future likely costs.
            Future plans including prospect of child
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                  Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                              officer          on RAISE              standard
             being re united with offender.
           Any other relevant information.
           Copy of Birth Certificate and Care Plan.
     4    Team Manager approves application and               Team Manager     Case Recording      Within 10 days
          submits to legal advisor.                                            Sheet
                                                                               Medical
                                                                               Practitioners Claim
                                                                               Form
     5    Legal advice is given for claim to proceed to       Borough          Legal Note          Within 20 days
          Service Manager                                     Solicitor
     6    Service Manager to authorise and submit claim       Service Manager Note to file           Within 10 days
          form to Service Director, Children's Social Care.
     7    Claim Form is finally authorised and submitted      Service           Note to file and     Within 10 days
          to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Award         Director,         Copy of the
          Scheme                                              Children's Social Medical Claim
                                                              Care              Form on Child file
     8    NB. When legal advice is not to proceed, the        Borough           Legal Note           Within 20 days
          young person, parents and Service Manager to        Solicitor
          be notified.
     9    Database to be updated                           Database            Note to Child         Within 2 days
                                                           Administrator       Protection Unit
     10   Decision received by the Service Director,       Service             Note to Social        Immediately
          Children's Social Care                           Director,           Worker
                                                           Children's Social
                                                           Care
     11   Decision forwarded to Legal Services for advice Social Worker        Notes to Legal        Within 5 days
          of acceptance or grounds and evidence for                            Services
          appeal.
     12   Notification of acceptance or details of grounds Borough             Legal Note            Within 20 days
          for appeal                                       Solicitor
     13   Parent/Carer and child notified of Legal         Social Worker       Case Recording        Within 10 days
          Services recommendations.                                            Sheet
     14   Service Director, Children's Social Care advised Social Worker       Case Recording        Within 20 days
          of Legal Services recommendations. If award is                       Sheet and
          to be appealed - Review of Decision Form to be                       Copy of Review
          drafted and submitted                                                document
     15   NB. A review of decision must be made in
          writing to the CICA within 90 days from the
          receipt of the letter giving original decision.
     16   Parents/Carers and children informed of          Social Worker       Letter and Case       Within 20 days
          outcome of claim and where held and the name                         Recording Sheet
          of Contact Officer for the Trust Fund.
     17   NB. Social Worker should keep the Database       Social Worker /     Note
          Administrator informed of the progress           Database
          throughout the procedure in order that she/he Administrator
          can maintain the database chronology.
Reviewed             April 2011
Agreed by CSMT       May 2011
Next Review Date     April 2013


6.5       Looked After Children : Assessment and Action Records

      Objective                       To ensure that children „looked after‟ gain maximum life chance benefits
                                       from educational opportunities, health care and social care.
                                   




      Legal & Policy Status           Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                      The Children Act 1989 & The Children Act 2004
                                      Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                      Looking After Children – HMSO Dept of Health
                                      Good Parenting Good Outcomes, Management and Implementation
                                      Guide HMSO Dept. of Health 1995
                                      Care Planning, Placement & Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1      An Assessment and Action Record is to be comprehensively completed for
             looked after children, within the designated timescales: 0–5 years every 6
             months after 1st record. 5–17 years every 12 months after 1st record.
      2      Completion of an Assessment and Action Record is a process, not a „one off'
             event.
      3      Once it is clear that a child is likely to remain „looked after‟ for a period of
             10 months or greater, an Assessment and Action Record will be completed.
      4      The purpose of the record is to promote good quality care by assessing
             progress across seven key developmental dimensions. Summaries of the
             progress being made within the dimensions are built into the record, and a
             summary of further work required is also called for.
      5      These summaries (not the full Assessment and Action Record) should be made         LAC Review
             available to the Review, since they provide evidence of the success or             Care Plan
             otherwise of the care plan, and highlight those areas where further progress
             is needed. It is important (and the structure of the records requires) that
             recommended goals are agreed, especially by the child. This should ensure
             there are no surprises at the review meeting and help the main focus to be
             on further progress rather than discussion of what has caused any previous
             difficulty.


                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1      The assessment and action record summaries will be made available to the
             review after the relevant people have been consulted regarding the contents.
      2      New assessment and action records should be completed every six months for
             children under five and every year for children over the age of five.
      3      The responsibility for ensuring that assessment and action records are
             completed lies with the social worker. However it is quite appropriate for the
             records to be completed by the young person on their own, with the foster
             carer or relevant adult, such as a parent or teacher.
      4      The chair of the second review should state that action and assessment
             records should be completed by the time of the following review unless the
             child is to go home, and thereafter started at alternate reviews.

      No Task                                                 Responsible       Record required    Performance
                                                              officer           on RAISE           standard
      1     Without prejudice to any future decision          Social Worker/    Case Recording
            making (Court or otherwise) it may be             Team Manager      Sheet
            considered that the child will not be returned                      Supervision Record
            home within 10 months and therefore
            commencement of Assessment and Action
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                              Responsible      Record required   Performance
                                                          officer          on RAISE          standard
          Records may be considered.
      2   At 2nd review of placement, where it is         Reviewing        LAC Review of     Within 2
          anticipated that the child will remain looked   officer          Arrangements      weeks
          after for the next six months, the reviewing                                       of review
          officer will request a completion of an
          assessment and action record (AAR) for the
          next review.
     3    Social worker, in consultation, with carers,    Social worker    Case Recording    Commence
          young person and any other relevant person                       Sheet             within four
          will decide how to complete the AAR.                                               weeks of
                                                                                             review
     4    Social worker to co-ordinate relevant people to Social worker    Case Recording    To be
          complete the AAR booklet                                         Sheet             completed
                                                                                             within the six
                                                                                             month review
                                                                                             period
     5    If there are any changes required to the care   Social worker    LAC Care Plan     At the next
          plan following the completion of the AAR then                                      review
          the social worker should recommend these
          changes at the next review.
     6    The new objectives should be linked to the      Social worker    LAC Review of     At the next
          review report.                                                   Arrangements      review
                                                                           (SW Section)
     7    The AAR‟s should be completed every 12           Social Worker   Copies on file    By every other
          months after first record for children aged 5                                      review 5–18yr
          and over, and every 6 months for children aged                                     Every review
          under 5.                                                                           0–5yr
     8    Copies of AAR to be left on file, with the carer Social worker   Copies on file    After
          and where appropriate with the child/young                                         alternate
          person.                                                                            reviews
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.6   Looked After Children : Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Children’s Care Needs

      Objective                    To make clear Bournemouth Borough Council‟s obligations to children
                                    from black and minority ethnic communities who are looked after.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   The Children & Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   The Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000
                                   Adoption (and Children) Act 2002
                                   Children‟s Homes Regulations (amended) 2011
                                   Human Rights Act 1998
                                   Children First 1998
                                   The MacPherson Report 1999
                                   Race Relations (amendment) Act 2000
                                   Bournemouth Borough Council‟s policy on Equality and Diversity
                                   Equality Impact Needs Assessment: on BIZ
                                   Every Child Matters 2003
                                   National Minimum Standards, Fostering, Adoption and Children‟s Homes
                                   Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                   The Equality Act 2010
                                   The Care Planning, Placement & Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Council acknowledges the cultural, ethnic and religious diversity of the
          population for whom services are provided. It is committed to equal
          opportunities, and seeks to ensure that services provided meet the needs of
          the diverse community it serves.
      2   Legislation requires the Council to consider carefully the appropriateness,
          provision and accessibility of services to black and minority ethnic
          communities.
      3   The Every Child Matters agenda applies to all children, young people and
          families, and acknowledges the importance of cultural diversity, particularly
          race, ethnicity, and religion, in the achievement of good outcomes.
      4   Staff and foster carers must be sure they do not develop stereotypical
          opinions about black and minority ethnic groups. Individuals within any
          particular group may not adhere totally to the religious beliefs, customs and
          practices attributed to that group, it is therefore imperative that each
          child‟s individual needs are assessed in the planning stage.
      5   All teams within Children‟s Social Care will undertake Equality Impact Needs      EINA
          Assessments; where services are found not to be meeting all needs, action
          plans to address shortfalls will be devised and implemented.
      6   We must actively ensure that no child or young person experiences racism or
          discrimination on the basis of their ethnicity, language, culture or religion
          within their placement by staff, carers or any other child or young person
          living there. Any reported incidents of racism or discrimination will be
          challenged and dealt with to the young person‟s satisfaction.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Staff and carers, whether residential staff or foster carers, must be familiar
          with the cultural and religious beliefs of children who are looked after, and
          the festivals and celebrations important to that child and their family. It is
          the responsibility of all staff/carers to ensure the wishes and feelings of the
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
      Standards
           child are taken into consideration and recorded.
      2    Care plans need to address all aspects of a child‟s life, both physical and
           psychological, with specific reference to the child‟s cultural, ethnic and
           religious background and practices. The child‟s social worker is responsible
           for ensuring up to date and accurate information is maintained on these
           aspects of the child‟s life, and that needs arising are included in all aspects
           of the plan.
      3    Support must be provided for any child whose first language is not English,         UASC
           enabling them to communicate their needs, wishes and concerns.                      Interpreters
           Translation and interpretation services must be accessed.
      4    Staff should actively encourage children to observe and follow their chosen
           religion, enabling them to attend places of worship, celebrate important
           festivals, observe dietary requirements etc. Children and young people must
           be able to dress in a manner appropriate to their religion, without undue
           difficulty or embarrassment.
      5    Managers of fostering and residential services will ensure the environment in
           which children are accommodated, reflects their cultural, ethnic and
           religious needs. They will also ensure food menus reflect the diet of
           different cultures, and that staff/foster carers are able to prepare
           specialised dishes.
      6    Children must be able to continue using toiletries and hair products that they
           are used to using, and have their dietary needs met, without any fear of
           difficulty or embarrassment.
      7    All staff will attend equality and diversity training, as appropriate.
      8    Planned activities must be culturally sensitive.
      9    A list of local faith groups, places of worship etc., will always be available to
           foster carers/residential staff.
      10   Any specific needs regarding personal care of black and minority ethnic
           children must be fully discussed and reflected within the care plan.
      11   There will be a zero tolerance policy towards any racial incidents. The
           Stephen Lawrence Inquiry defines a racist incident as “any incident which is
           perceived to be racist by the victim or any other person”.
      12   Children and young people from black and minority ethnic groups should feel
           that effective efforts are made within their placement to meet their
           individual needs in relation to the religious, cultural and linguistic needs.
           They should feel they are in a positive as opposed to an alien environment.

     No Task                                                Responsible   Record required Performance
                                                            officer       on RAISE        standard
     1     Accurate information is gathered prior to or, in Social worker                 Within 1 working
           an emergency, at the time of placement.                                        day
     2     Discussion with child/young person and family Social worker /  Pre-placement   Within 1 working
           regarding how child/young person‟s needs can foster carer /    agreement or    day
           best be met.                                     RSW           minutes of 72
                                                                          hour meeting
                                                                          LAC placement
                                                                          plan Part 2
     3     Ongoing discussion with child/young person and Social worker / LAC Care Plan   Prior to
           family to inform the care plan                 foster carer /                  placement, or if
                                                          RSW                             an emergency
                                                                                          within 14 days of
                                                                                          placement
     4     If the child or young person remains           Social worker / Assessment &    Ongoing
           accommodated following the second review       foster carer /  Action Records
           then this information will be recorded, with   RSW
           the child/young person wherever possible,
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                 Responsible     Record required Performance
                                                             officer         on RAISE        standard
          within the Assessment and Action records
     5    Children and young people are encouraged to        Social worker / Consultation   Prior to every LAC
          consider these matters and to record their         foster carer /  paper          review
          views within the consultation prior to their LAC   RSW
          review.
     6    Ensure provision of care meets child/young         IRO             LAC review     Review within one
          person‟s needs.                                                                   month, four
                                                                                            months then a
                                                                                            minimum of 6
                                                                                            monthly.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.7   Looked After Children : Blue Books
      Objective                    To ensure the correct information about looked after children is made
                                    available to their carers
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   National Minimum Standards for Fostering 2011
                                   Children‟s Homes Regulations (amended) 2011
                                   National Minimum Standards for Children‟s Homes
                                   The Children‟s Acts, 1989, 2004
                                   The Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked After
                                    Children
                                   NICE/SCIE Guidance: The Physical and Emotional Health and Well-being of
                                    Looked After Children and Young People
                                   Care Planning, Placement & Case Review Regulations 2010



                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Foster carers and residential staff need detailed information about the child
          in their care, in order to ensure said care is consistent with the child‟s
          needs, and the care plan
      2   In Bournemouth this is achieved by issuing a blue ring binder, at the point
          at which a child is first placed in accommodation, either foster care or in a
          residential setting
      3   The contents of the blue book are detailed in an appendix to this policy
          (see attached), and copies should be made available by the child‟s social
          worker, as soon as the documents have been completed.


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   As soon as a child becomes accommodated, completion of LAC paperwork is         EIR 1 & 2
          required; timescales for this are detailed elsewhere                            Placement Plan 1 &
                                                                                          2
                                                                                          Care Plan
                                                                                          Review
                                                                                          Assessment & Action
                                                                                          Summary
                                                                                          Medicals
                                                                                          PEPS
                                                                                          Leisure Plans
      2   A blue book should be immediately issued to the foster carer/residential
          worker
      3   Copies of the relevant paperwork should be given to the foster carer at the
          earliest opportunity
      4   If the child moves placement, either for a respite arrangement, or any
          other reason, the blue book should be moved with them, so that every one
          caring for the child has details of agreed arrangements for the child
      5   Copies of Court orders will not be placed on the blue book. Where a child is
          subject to a Court order, this will clearly be recorded on LAC
          documentation within the blue book
      6   If a child has had a number of placements, paperwork relating to all
          reviews/ health assessments/PEPs and other education information should
          be kept on the „blue book‟. However where a child has had a stable
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Standards
          placement, over a number of years, the foster carer/residential worker
          may, for ease, wish to keep early copies separately and securely, elsewhere
      7   There should be s „personal‟ section in each blue book. The child‟s other
          achievements, such as scouts/guides awards, Duke of Edinburgh awards,
          copy of passport and NI documentation will be filed in this section.

     No Task                                                  Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                              officer           on RAISE             standard
     1    When the child is accommodated the child‟s          Child‟s social    LAC paperwork        As noted on
          social worker should begin completing LAC           worker                                 relevant
          paperwork within the required timescales                                                   policies
     2    A blue ring binder, the „blue book‟ should be       Child‟s social    Case recording       As noted in
          issued to the foster/residential carer              worker                                 case recording
          immediately                                                                                policy
     3    Copies of all LAC paperwork, as it is               Child‟s social    LAC paperwork        As noted in
          completed, should be passed to the                  worker                                 relevant
          foster/residential carer, for filing in the blue                                           policy
          book
     4    When the PEP and Lac review cycles begin,           Child‟s social    Review paperwork As noted in
          copies of each review document should be            worker                             relevant
          provided, as soon as it is completed, for filing                                       policy
          in the blue book
     5    When a child moves, on a temporary or               Child‟s social    Case recording       As noted in
          permanent basis to another foster                   worker                                 relevant
          carer/children‟s home, the blue book must be                                               policy
          moved with them
     6    When the child or young person returns home,        Foster carer or   Foster carer diary   As noted in
          or becomes 18, the blue book and contents           residential       or residential       relevant
          should be returned to the child or young            worker            worker‟s record      policy
          person‟s worker, for destruction
     7    The independent reviewing officer for the child     IRO               LAC review           In line with
          or young person, will audit on a regular basis to                                          LAC review for
          ensure compliance with this policy                                                         the child
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013




LOOKED AFTER CHILDREN – BLUE BOOK CHECKLIST

NAME:        ………………………………………………………….……………………

D.O.B:       …………………………………………………………………………….…

RAISE:       ……………………………………………………………………………...

SOCIAL WORKER: ……………………………………………………………………….


Please tick if current copy included in file.
                                                Date expected
                                                to be completed

Key Information:

Essential Information Part 1

Essential Information Part 2

Placement Plan Part 1

Placement Plan Part 2

Care Plan

Review

Assessment and Action Summary
(child‟s name and date of Review on top)

Health

Education

Personal/Leisure plan

Other
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


LAC Reviews           If a child has had a number of placements, all reviews should be
                      kept on the „blue book‟. However where a child has had a
                      stable placement, over a number of years, the foster carer/
                      residential worker may, for ease, wish to keep early copies separately
                      and securely elsewhere.

Health                Health Assessments – as for review documentation
                      Allergy information.
                      Copy of NHS card.

                      NB. If a specific assessment, for example a psychiatric
                      assessment, has been undertaken, this will be noted in the
                      LAC review documentation. Carers will need to discuss access to
                      The information within such assessments, with the child‟s social
                      worker.

Education             Statement of Educational Needs
                      Personal Education Plans
                      School reports
                      Record of achievements/exam/SATs results
                      Accreditations


Personal              Other records of achievements e.g. Scout/Girl Guides/
                      Duke of Edinburgh awards etc.
                      Copy of passport
                      Copy of NI documentation
                      All as for review documentation
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2012


6.8   Looked After Children : Care Plans

      Objective                    To ensure that every looked after child has a care plan that addresses
                                    their needs.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Accommodated Children Visiting Arrangement Regulations 2011
                                   LAC(99)29, Care Plans and Care Proceedings under the Children Act 1989
                                   Children‟s Homes Regulations (amended) 2011
                                   Dedicated Teachers (Looked After Pupils) (England) Regulations 2009
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   The Children Act 1989, Guidance and Regulations Vols. 3&4
                                   Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Arrangements for the Placement of Children Regulations 1991
                                   Looking After Children: Good Parenting, Good Outcomes. DoH 1995
                                   Framework for the Assessment for Children in Need and their Families,
                                    Dept. of Health 2000
                                   Children & Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Children, Schools and Families Act 2010
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                    After Children
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   The Children Act Higher Education Bursary (England) Regulations 2009


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The function of care planning is to ensure that the child's needs are           Permanency
          identified and met in a focused way and to avoid 'drift' if the child becomes   Planning
          'looked after'.
      2   The following children should have care plans where:
          a) following an assessment, where a need has been identified for ongoing
               work,
          b) the child is looked after,
          c) the child is subject to court proceedings.
      3   Care plans should be developed in partnership with relevant family members      Partnership with
          and with the child in a way that is consistent with their age and               parents and young
          understanding.                                                                  people
      4   The process of care planning involves:                                          Initial Assessment
          a) Inquiry and consultation with the child and family and the collection of     Core Assessment
               all relevant information from both the family and professionals,
          b) Assessment within the requirements of the Framework for Assessment of
               Children in Need and their Families,
          c) Decision making, identifying the aims and objectives of the plan,
               outlining the options available and the reasons for the preferred course
               of action.
      5   Care plans should include the following elements:                               LAC Review
          a) The aim of the plan,                                                         Advocacy
          b) The timetable for implementation,
          c) The child‟s identified needs,
          d) How the child‟s identified needs are to be met,
          e) The child‟s wishes and feelings. Advocacy will be offered to all children
               able to utilise this services over the age of 8 years.
          f) The views of people significant to the child and relevant professionals,
          g) The Children‟s Social Care views and reason for actions to be undertaken,
          h) If the plan involves placement of the child, the placement details,
          i) Who will implement the plan?
          j) The role of parents or other people significant to the child,
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2012

                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
          k) Review arrangements,
          l) Contingency plans,
          m) Contact arrangements
      6   The Care Plan should be discussed and formalised at the first review and then
          subject to regular review.


                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Every child where there is ongoing involvement will have a care plan.
      2   Care planning will be undertaken in partnership with parents and the child
          wherever possible. Care planning will involve a multi-agency perspective.
      3   Care plans will be regularly reviewed.
      4   Court care plans will meet the requirements of LAC(99)29 circular Care Plans
          and Care Proceedings.
      5   A care plan for an accommodated child must be the same as that for a child
          subject to a Section 31 Order.
      6   A care plan cannot be changed without a review.
      7   A placement plan must set out how the placement will meet the child‟s
          needs.
      8   Education at Key stage 4 cannot be disrupted unless it is in the child‟s
          interests and all parties have been consulted. If a change is proposed the
          Director of Children‟s Services or a nominated officer is required to sign off
          the placement plan.
      9   Care plans and placement plans are not required for children on short breaks.

     No Task                                               Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                           officer           on RAISE             standard
     1    Consult with all relevant agencies regarding the Social worker     Case Recording       During the
          child‟s needs. Wherever possible or appropriate                    Sheet                assessment
          consult with the young person and their family                                          within the
          regarding the young person‟s needs.                                                     assessment
                                                                                                  framework
                                                                                                  timescales
     2    This assessment of need should include all      Social worker      Case Recording       Prior to
          aspects specified in the assessment framework                      Sheet                placement or
          or if the child is looked after all LAC                            Children in Need -   within 10 days
          dimensions; (health, education, family & social                    Core Assessment      of the
          relationships, emotional and behavioural                           as applicable        placement
          development, identity, social presentation and
          self care skills).
     3    Complete care plan.                             Social worker      LAC Care Plan        Prior to
                                                                                                  placement or
                                                                                                  within 10 days
                                                                                                  of the
                                                                                                  placement
     4    Send copy of care plan to the carer, residential   Social          LAC Forms            Within 2 days
          social worker and Reviewing Team                   Worker/Admin    Distribution         of completion
     5    The care plan should be shared with the child      Social worker   LAC Care Plan        Within 2 days
          as appropriate to their age and understanding.                                          of completion
     6    The care plan must be sent to parents and          Social Worker   Letter to            Within 2 days
          those with parental responsibility unless there                    Parent/Guardian      of completion
          are exceptional circumstances relating to the                      re-Enclosure of
          safety of the child.                                               Care Plan (LACT05)
                                                                             LAC Care Plan
     7    Copy of care plan for a looked after child must Social worker      LAC Forms          Within 2 days
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2012
     No Task                                               Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                           officer         on RAISE          standard
          be sent along with other LAC paperwork to the                    Distribution      of completion
          reviewing officer.                                                                 and no later
                                                                                             than 3 days
                                                                                             before the
                                                                                             review
     8    The care plan must be reviewed regularly.        Reviewing       LAC Review of     At each
                                                           officer         Arrangements      review
     9    Consider if there are sound reasons (i.e. age)   Social Worker
          for an advocate not to be offered. In the
          absence of any such reason to be offered.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2011


6.9   Looked After Children : Change of Placement

      Objective                    To ensure whenever possible a planned ending to a placement occurs and
                                    that in all circumstances careful preparation is given to transitional
                                    arrangements.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989 Sec.20
                                   The Adoption and Children Act 2002
                                   Children‟s Homes Regulations (amended) 2011
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   The Children Act 1989 Guidance
                                   The Accommodated Children Visiting Arrangements Regulations 2010
                                   National Minimum Standards, Fostering and Residential Care 2011
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                    Looked After Children 2010
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Planning Transition to Adulthood for Looked After Children 2010
                                   IRO Handbook (draft) 2010
                                   Children (Leaving Care) Regulations 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Placement may end in:
          a) a move to another placement,
          b) a return to the child‟s family,
          c) a return to the family but further periods of respite care are needed,
          d) the making of an adoption order/residence order/Special Guardianship
               Order.
          e) a move to an independent life.
      2   Foster carers have an important role to play in preparing and reassessing the
          child and assisting introductions to new carers. A child‟s return to his/her
          family will equally need careful preparation.
      3   A planned ending occurs when the objective of the placement has been fully
          or partly achieved, or the plan has been reviewed.
      4   Unplanned endings occur when a crisis leads the Council to remove the child       Disruption
          immediately or the foster carer asks for the child to be removed, or the child    meetings
          insists on leaving forthwith.
      5   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Guidance gives clarification
          to the duties set out in regulations 15-21, when a child on a care order (or an
          interim care order) is being placed with a parent or other person with
          parental responsibility who is not a parent or, in the case of a child subject
          to a care order, a person in whose favour a residence order was made before
          the care order was made.
      6   If there is a change of placement the social worker should contact the child‟s    Review
          reviewing officer to consider whether the next statutory review should be         Arrangements
          brought forward. An early review should take place if the change of
          placement means that there is a significant change in the care plan.
      7   Councils have a duty not to allow a child to remain in a placement if the         Child Protection
          Council considers it would not be in his/her best interests to stay there.        Procedures
          Where necessary, e.g. where a child is at risk of harm, the child protection
          procedures must be applied and will take precedence over this procedure.
      8   Councils have power under Regulation 7 to remove in the above
          circumstances any child that is placed in their area by another Council or
          voluntary organisation, whether or not the area Council has agreed to
          supervise the placement. Where, under safeguarding procedures, a child is so
          removed, the other Council or organisation must be informed at once and
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2011

                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
          notified in writing so that they may be a party to making other arrangements
          for the care of the child.
      9   The Council should work towards children having settled placements and          Disruption
          secure attachments with their carers. There should always be a critical         meetings
          examination of why changes of placement occur and thought given to how          Concurrent
          the child can be supported to make secure attachments.                          planning


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   A placement plan must set out how the placement will meet the child‟s
          needs.
      2   Education at Key Stage 4 cannot be disrupted unless it is in the child‟s
          interests and all parties have been consulted. If a change of placement also
          involves a change of school at KS4, the Director of Children‟s Services or a
          nominated officer is required to sign off the plan.
      3   Placements cannot be terminated without:
               :- a case review
               :- having made other placement arrangements
          Unless there is a risk of significant harm to the child.
      4   Views of children and young people must be taken into account when
          planning.
      5   All children‟s needs will be considered within the foster carer‟s safe care
          plan.
      3   A copy of the child‟s views should be placed on the foster carer‟s review
          form and on the child‟s file. Comments will be discussed with the foster
          carer by their link worker and recorded in their annual review. The foster
          carer signs the review.

     No Task                                                Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                            officer         on RAISE             standard
     1    If a child continues to be looked after when a    Social worker   LAC paperwork        Within 14 days
          placement ends new LAC paperwork should be                        EIR Part 1           of placement
          completed or existing LAC paperwork revised.                      EIR Part 2
          This is Essential Information records parts 1 &                   Placement Plan
          2, Placement plan parts 1 & 2, Care plan.                         Part1
                                                                            Placement Plan
                                                                            Part2
                                                                            LAC Care Plan
     2    If a child needs a new placement, multi-agency Social Worker      Case recording and   Immediately
          planning must take place to ensure the child‟s                    referral to ART
          care, education and health needs can be met in
          the proposed new placement.
     3    As soon as it is known that a child needs a new Social Worker     e-mail case          Immediately
          placement a statutory review must be                              recording
          arranged.
     4    RAISE to be updated.                            Social worker  Notification of         Immediately
                                                                         Amendments
     5    Inform all relevant professionals of the change Social worker, Letter to parents       Immediately
          of placement: as well as the child‟s parents.   parents and    and Information
                                                          reviewing      Sheet for LAC
                                                          officer        Notification
     6    If the child moves out of Bournemouth then, as Access to       Notification of         Immediately
          well as informing the above, the relevant       Resources Team Placement or
          Council must be notified of the child‟s                        Change of
          presence in their area.                                        Placement of LAC
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2011
     No Task                                            Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                        officer          on RAISE             standard
                                                                         (LACT13)
     7    If the child moves back into Bournemouth then Access to        Notification of      Immediately
          the previous Council needs to be notified.      Resources Team Placement or
                                                                         Change of
                                                                         Placement of LAC
                                                                         (LACT 13 )
     8    Discuss the placement with the child to clarify Social worker  Foster Carers        Within 14 days
          what the child thought about the placement.                    Review Form          of placement
                                                                         Case Recording       ending
                                                                         Sheet
     9    If this is the second move of placement (i.e.   Go to Review   LAC Review of        Within 28 days
          third placement) within 12 months, unless       Procedure      Arrangements
          made as part of a care plan, a statutory review Social worker
          must specifically look at why the young person
          has had multiple moves of placement and what
          action needs to be taken to help them settle.
     9    If change of placement has occurred after a     Social worker  Disruption meeting   Hold meeting
          breakdown in foster placement a disruption                     minutes              between 4–8
          meeting must be arranged. See Procedures for                                        weeks of
          Disruption meeting.                                                                 placement
                                                                                              breakdown
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.10 Looked After Children : Child Trust Funds

      Objective                    To ensure that entitled looked after children in Bournemouth have Child
                                    Trust Funds and receive their Child Trust Fund Accounts contributions
                                    from the DCSF
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Child Trust Funds Act 2004, sec 16.
                                   Child Trust Funds Regulations 2004
                                   The Child Trust Funds (Amendment) Regulations 2004
                                   The Children Act 1989
                                   The Mental Health Act 1983
                                   Care Matters: Time For Change
                                   Child Trust Fund Account Top-Up Payments for Looked After Children:
                                    Statutory Guidance on Local Authority Practice in England 2008 (Sec 7,
                                    LASSA 1970)


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Child Trust Fund is a long-term savings and investment account for
          children born on or after 1st September 2002 to provide these children with a
          financial asset when they are 18. The role of the Council is to help identify
          those looked after children who do not have a Child Trust Fund (CTF) and
          report this information monthly to the Inland Revenue, who will ensure that
          a CRF account is opened.
          The coalition government elected in May 2010 have stated that their
          intention is to replace child trust funds with the Child‟s Trust Funds Act /
          Regulations until they have done so Bournemouth will continue to comply
          with the conditions of this policy for existing eligible children.
      2   This policy covers three processes that Councils have to follow:-
           Identification and provision of information on children entering their care
               for the first time
           Identification of looked after children with no one appropriate with
               parental responsibility
           Administration of top-up payments for eligible children who have been
               looked after for more than one year
      3   If there is no appropriate person with parental responsibility the Council      Parental
          must provide a correspondence address for the child, and their carer,           responsibility
          together with any additional information that might be useful, such as
          religious beliefs. Dependent on the child‟s age and understanding they can
          express views about what type of account they would like.
      4   Councils also need to inform Her Majesty‟s Revenue & Customs (HMRC) about
          children meeting the criteria who are already looked after by them or have
          become looked after, not for the first time and for whom there is now no one
          with parental responsibility.
      5   The Government intends to make a contribution to CTF accounts for
          children‟s 7th birthday. This will come into force after 31st August 2009,
          when the first eligible child will turn 7.
      6   For returns for periods after 31st August 2009, Councils will be required to
          provide in their monthly return, details of every child born on or after 1 st
          September 2002 who was being looked after on their 7 th birthday.
      7   Once eligibility for the CTF has been accepted, a voucher worth £250 for the
          initial Government payment and an information pack will be sent to the Child
          Benefit claimant, who will usually be the parent. Parents of looked after
          children will be encouraged to take on the management of their child‟s CTF
          account in the same way as other parents.
      8   A person with parental responsibility can then use the voucher to open a CTF
          account for that child with an approved CTF provider. There is a range of
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
           different accounts to suit people‟s needs. The person with PR who opens the
           account becomes the „registered contact‟ for the account. The child, c/o
           the „registered contact‟ will be sent annual statements.
      9    Anyone, family, friends, the child themselves, can contribute to a child‟s CTF
           account up to a total of £1,200 per year.
      10   The Government, in Care Matters: Time for Change, set out its commitment
           to provide an extra £100 per year to the CTF accounts of looked after
           children, for every whole year they spend in care after 1st April 2007. The
           DCSF will fund these payments by providing Councils with additional funding
           for the top-up payments and to meet the cost of administering the payments
           through the Area Based Grant.
      11   Councils may choose to make top-up payments to other groups of children,
           for example to a child who has experienced repeated episodes of care but
           has not been looked after for a full year.
      12   Councils are also able to make payments in excess of £100 per full year in
           care, as long as the additional top-up payments in total do not exceed
           £1,200.
      13   Working with parents and carers, the Council should consider how they can
           use knowledge of these top up payments and the purpose of the CTF to
           improve the financial literacy of looked after children, including the use of
           these savings when the child‟s CTF account matures.
      14   The money in a CTF account can only be taken out by the child, and not until
           they are 18. The account will be managed by the „registered contact‟ until
           the child is 16, at which point they can take control of the account
           themselves. Once 18 they can use the money as they think best.
      15   Early access to accounts will be available to children who are terminally ill.
           A person with PR, including a Council, can request permission from HMRC.
           HMRC will require written evidence and will seek verification.


                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    A monthly return, with the details of all children who have become looked
           after in that month, and were born on or after 1st September 2002, must be
           sent to HMRC. This information will be used to identify children who do not
           have a CTF account, and remedy that. Where there is no one with Parental
           Responsibility HMRC will arrange for the Official Solicitor to act as registered
           contact for the child‟s account. Guidance can be found at
           www.hmrc.gov.uk/ctf/la-info.htm. Councils are excluded from having PR for
           a CTF.
      2    For a child to be treated as having no one or no one appropriate person with
           PR they must be looked after and fall into at least one of the following
           conditions:-
            Where there is no person, or no person other than the Council who has PR
            Where it is part of the care plan for the child that the child will live
               permanently away from home and will not have face to face contact with
               any parent having PR
            Where an order has been made under sec 34(4) of the Children Act 1989
               authorising the Council to terminate contact between the child and a
               person with PR and there is no one else in a position to manage the
               child‟s CTF account
            Where the person with PR is a „patient‟ for the purposes of section 7 of
               the Mental Health Act, and there is no one else in a position to manage
               the child‟s CTF account
            Where the child has been lost or abandoned, within the meaning of sec
               20(1)(b) of the Children Act 1989, and there is no prospect of the
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
               foreseeable future of reunification
          For any such children the Official Solicitor should be in regular contact with
          them. The child, or the child‟s carers can also contact the Official Solicitor
          with any queries. There may occasionally be contact between the Official
          Solicitor and the Council, if further information is needed.
          It is likely the correspondence address for the child will be c/o the Council
          until the child is old enough and competent to handle such information
          themselves. However, if the child is in a stable long term placement it may
          be more appropriate to use that address. This decision is made at the
          Council‟s discretion.
          If at some future point someone appropriate with PR emerges, for example
          an adoptive parent, then the Council will encourage that person to contact
          the Official Solicitor to have responsibility transferred to them. The Official
          Solicitor will contact the Council for confirmation.
      3   The information will be completed on forms provided by HMRC. The Service
          Manager, Safeguarding and Quality Assurance Service, will be the
          „responsible officer‟, and will ensure that any follow up queries that may
          arise from that return, are dealt with.
      4   The Council must send a return each month, even if it is a nil return.
      5   The information required is a statement for each child covering:-
           Name of the Council
           Its address
           The name of the „responsible officer‟ for the return
           The unique identifier for Bournemouth is 11098.
           The Home Office reference number where the child is subject to
               immigration controls
           Either the full name and address of an individual who has parental
               responsibility for the child (ideally the child‟s mother)
           Or, if there is no one with parental responsibility or there is someone
               with parental responsibility but it would be inappropriate for that person
               to manage their child‟s CTF account, a correspondence address for the
               child
           The date on which the child became looked after
      6   The Council must provide information about any child who has become
          looked after for the first time, who has died during the return period,
          including the name and address of his/her personal representatives and proof
          of death. HMRC will contact the personal representative and inform them of
          their entitlement to the CTF money and how to make the necessary
          arrangements.
      7   Looked after children and their parents should be informed of the top-up          LAC Reviews
          payments made by the DCSF through the Council, on their behalf. The
          Council must determine at each child‟s statutory review of their care plan
          the date when they will have spent a whole year being looked after and the
          date on which they will make the CTF top-up payment.
      8   If the child has previously been in receipt of a top-up payment, the Council
          will consult its own records and must ensure the details of the child have not
          changed.
          For any child for whom the CTF details are not known, they can be found by
          contacting a person with parental responsibility, who is the „registered
          contact‟.
          If the Council cannot obtain the information needed they should contact
          HMRC. A request for details of the child‟s account provider and the child‟s
          CTF account unique reference number should be faxed to HMRC, containing a
          numbered list of the child‟s name, date of birth and date on which they
          became looked after. Requests should be faxed to 0191 2251282. The
          contact number for questions to HMRC is 0191 225 1880.
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
           HMRC will return, by fax, a numbered list showing the details of the account
           provider and the child‟s unique reference number. The Council should then
           contact the account provider directly with this information to obtain details
           of the child‟s CTF account.
      9    The Council should make the top-up payment to the child‟s account as soon
           as reasonably practicable after the child has become eligible for a payment.
           This will ensure the child receives interest or growth on the top-up payment
           as soon as possible.
      10   The Council must ensure provision of top-up payments are monitored through
           file auditing procedures.
      11   When a child‟s looked after status ceases, the Council will encourage the
           child or the new carers of the child to take an interest in the CTF account.
           The Pathway Plan, co-ordinated by the pathways support worker will map out
           the route to independence, and includes assessing and meeting their
           financial needs. The CTF should be included automatically into this financial
           assessment. Councils should direct looked after young people nearing
           independence to the dedicated Child Trust Fund website for more
           information about the CTF and financial education. The e-address is
           www.childtrustfund.gov.uk.

     Child Trust Funds: Procedure
     No Task                                               Responsible      Record required    Performance
                                                           officer                             standard
     1     The monthly return on children who have         Service Manager, HMRC CTF           As in HMRC
           become looked after during the previous month Safeguarding &       Monthly return   guidance
           must be sent to HMRC and will include all       Quality Assurance of Looked
           information noted in Standard 5.                Service (admin     After Children
           The return must be sent even if it is a nil     officer)           form
           return.
     2     If possible information on the child‟s CTF      Child‟s social     Case recording   Within one
           account should be obtained from the child‟s     worker                              week of
           parents. If this is impossible, HMRC should be                                      accommodation
           contacted as outlined in Standard 8.
     3     Once the date for the first top-up payment is   Service Manager,                    Twice yearly
           confirmed the Safeguarding and Quality          Safeguarding &
           Assurance Service should seek authorisation for Quality Assurance
           payment of top-up payment into the CTF          Service (admin
           account.                                        officer)
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.11 Looked After Children : Children Placed in the Area by Other Councils

      Objective                    To ensure accurate data on children and young people placed in
                                    Bournemouth by other Local Authorities (home authorities).
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                   The Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                    Looked After Children 2010



                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The home authority remains accountable for the statutory care planning and        Care Plans
          review responsibilities even if the day to day supervision is delegated to
          Bournemouth Borough Council (receiving authority) by agreement other
          councils should contact Bournemouth Assessment and Safeguarding team as
          soon as a decision has been made to accommodate a child in Bournemouth.
      2   A record will be maintained of all looked after children living in the
          Bournemouth area, including those placed by other councils.
      3   If the home authority arranged that Bournemouth will take over supervision
          of a looked after child in the area, then:
          a) All the appropriate information on the child and his/her circumstances
               will be requested of the home authority.
          b) There should be a clear written agreement covering expectations of
               exchange of information, visits, reports, consultation and decision-
               making.
      4   Once a looked after child is registered with a Bournemouth GP, the LAC
          nurses could be asked to discharge any duties in respect of that child‟s health
          needs.
      5   Once a child is placed in Bournemouth by a home authority, the home
          authority should contact Bournemouth‟s Admissions Team, to request a place
          in a school, and the Virtual School for looked after children should be
          informed.



                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Agreement to Bournemouth supervising child and placement will be satisfied
          with the home authority.
      2   The child has an allocated Social Worker.

     No Task                                             Responsible      Record required        Performance
                                                         officer          on RAISE               standard
     1    When notification is received by the           Customer         Contact record.        Immediate on
          Assessment and Safeguarding Team, that a       Services Officer                        receipt of
          home authority has placed a looked after child Assessment and                          information.
          in the Bournemouth area, the Assessment and Safeguarding
          Safeguarding Team will create a contact sheet Team.
          on the RAISE system.
     2    Contact sheet will subsequently be closed on   Customer                                Immediate.
          RAISE.                                         Services Officer
                                                         Assessment and
                                                         Safeguarding
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                Responsible        Record required    Performance
                                                            officer            on RAISE           standard
                                                            Team
     3    Copy of notification letter sent to LAC nurses,   Customer           Covering letter.   On receipt of
          LAC team.                                         Services Officer                      information.
                                                            Assessment and
                                                            Safeguarding
                                                            Team.
     4    Copy of notification letter sent to education     Customer           Covering letter.   On receipt of
          caseworker, LAC team.                             Services Officer                      information.
                                                            Assessment and
                                                            Safeguarding
                                                            Team
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013


6.12 Looked After Children : Children Who Go Missing

      Objective                     To provide written guidance and procedures relating to unauthorised
                                     absences of children looked after to ensure all staff, foster carers and
                                     children know what is to be done and when it is to be enacted.
                                 




      Legal & Policy Status         The Children Act 1989
                                    The Children Act 2004
                                    The Accommodated Children Visiting Arrangement Regulations 2010
                                    Miscellaneous Amendments Regulations 1993
                                    Childrens Services and Police Protocol on missing from home
                                    The Children‟s Safeguard Review, Utting 1997,
                                    Child Abduction Act 1984
                                    Pan Dorset Protocols on Looked After Children Who Go Missing 2010
                                    The Children & Young Persons Act 2008
                                    Care Planning, Placement & Case Review Regulations 2010



                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    A child who is absent without authority may be an 'unauthorised absentee', a
           'missing person' or an 'absconder'. Before procedures are followed the
           residential support worker or foster carer must establish which category the
           young person falls into.
      2    If the young person‟s whereabouts are not known then they are a 'missing
           person', if the young person has left the home without permission but the
           worker knows where the young person is then they are an 'unauthorised
           absentee' if they are in Bournemouth or the locality of their placement or an
           'absconder' if they are out of Bournemouth or the locality of their placement.
      3    A child should be considered to be missing when they are judged to have
           absented themselves wilfully from residential establishment or foster
           placement in which they have been placed.
      4    A failure to return occurs when a child does not return at the time specified
           to their establishment or carers.
      5    In any or all of these situations residential workers or foster carers are
           required to make an initial judgement about whether or not action is
           required and when that should take place.
      6    Anyone who 'takes or detains' a child under 16 who has run away without
           lawful authority may be prosecuted under s2 of the Child Abduction Act 1984.
      7    Some children may benefit from a short period away from home in order to
           resolve some of the issues that led them to run away. In such instances a
           child may stay in a refuge for up to 14 days, or no more than 21 days in any
           three month period.
      8    If a child remains in a certified refuge for longer than fourteen days, the
           provider of the refuge may be subject to prosecution under the Child
           Abduction Act 1984.
      9    Councils have a duty to find young people who they are looking after when
           missing.
      10   If the missing child is also subject to a safe care plan, then the custodian        Inter-Agency
           needs to be informed and safeguarding procedures will need to be followed.          Safeguarding
           The custodian will be a different person in each authority. In Bournemouth          procedures
           this will be the Service Manager, Safeguarding and Quality Assurance Service.


                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    If a child is thought to be at risk or in danger to him or herself or others, the   Out of Hours
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Standards
          senior residential officer on duty or foster carer or social worker should      Service
          notify the police, relevant social work team, Out of Hours Service if out of
          hours, and parents.
      2   Exercising judgement/discretion should only take place after assessment of
          each individual situation and always in keeping with departmental
          procedures.
      3   All decisions should be recorded and should include the rationale and options
          considered.
      4   When a child returns after an unauthorised absence the social worker, police
          and parents should be notified and appropriate paper work completed.
      5   A risk assessment should be undertaken on any child who goes missing, this      Risk Assessment
          should include:
          a) Previous assessed level of vulnerability
          b) Age of child
          c) Time of day/night
          d) History of self harm
          e) Physical disability or learning difficulty
          f) Previous history of going missing
          g) Any agreement reached regarding staying out beyond the usual time
          h) Where a child is believed to be
          i) His/her likely associates whilst missing
          j) State of mind at the time of going missing
          k) Group behaviour
          l) Any guidance within the child‟s care plan.
      6   Plans should be made for the return of looked after children including          Recovery Order
          whether they should return to the same placement.
      7   The child should be encouraged to talk to someone independent of their
          placement upon their return.
      8   Staff and foster carers should record details of all episodes of unauthorised
          absences on the case file of the looked after child.
      9   All incidents of unauthorised absence need to be logged on the RAISE system.

     No Task                                             Responsible        Record required       Performance
                                                         officer            on RAISE              standard
     1    Contact the police when a child is missing.    Senior RSW /       Case Recording        As appropriate
          Reference needs to be made to the child‟s risk foster carer       Sheet and Log Book    according to
          assessment, if applicable, to determine when                      in residential care   the child‟s risk
          this should be.                                                   or foster carer‟s     assessment
                                                                            diary                 plan
     2    Report the child missing to the social worker    Senior RSW /     Case Recording        Out of Hours
          or, if out of office hours, Out of Hours Team.   foster carer     Sheet and Log Book    Team
                                                                            in residential care   immediately,
                                                                            or foster carer‟s     social worker
                                                                            diary                 within one
                                                                            Residential Missing   working day
                                                                            Person Report
                                                                            part 1
     3    Inform parents and people with parental          Senior RSW /     Case Recording        Immediately
          responsibility that the child is missing.        foster carer /   Sheet and Log Book    after child has
                                                           Social Worker    in residential care   been reported
                                                                            or foster carer‟s     to the police
                                                                            diary
     4    If child is subject to a safeguarding plan inform Social Worker   B'mth Area LSCB       Immediately
          Custodian of register and follow Child                            Protection Register
          Protection Procedures.                                            (ACPC5)
     5    For periods of more than 24 hours update          Social                                Immediately
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                               Responsible        Record required       Performance
                                                           officer            on RAISE              standard
          RAISE.                                           Worker/Admin
     6    When the child returns inform police, parents    Senior RSW /       Case Recording      Immediately
          and social worker and any other relevant         foster carer       Sheet and Log Book on return
          person.                                                             in residential care
                                                                              or foster carer‟s
                                                                              diary Residential
                                                                              Missing Person
                                                                              Report part 2
     7    If child is subject to a safeguarding plan,      Social Worker      B'mth Area LSCB
          inform Custodian of register when the child                         Protection Register
          returns.                                                            (ACPC5)
     8    When the child returns update RAISE.             Social                                 Immediately
                                                           Worker/Admin
     9    Ascertain that the child has been safe while     Senior RSW /       Case Recording      Immediately
          they were away, look at any immediate issues     foster carer       Sheet and Log Book
          regarding why they left the building or                             in residential care
          placement, ensure that the young person‟s                           or foster carer‟s
          physical needs are met and welcome them                             diary
          back.
     10   Discuss with child the reason why they went      Key worker,        Case Recording        Within 3 days
          missing and the need to keep safe.               foster carer,      Sheet and Log Book    of return
                                                           Social Worker as   in residential care
                                                           appropriate        or foster carer‟s
                                                                              diary
     11   Reference should be made to the child‟s risk     RSW or Social      Risk Assessment       Within 7 days
          assessment.                                      Worker             Record on file        of
                                                                                                    return
     12   Inform the custodian of the child protection      Social Worker     B'mth Area LSB        Immediately
          register and follow child protection procedures                     Protection Register
          if the child is on the child protection register.                   (ACPC5)
     13   Chronology and summary of residence to be         Social Worker     Child Care -        Within 7 days
          updated.                                                            Summary of
                                                                              Residence
                                                                              DoH Chronology
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.13 Looked After Children : Commissioning Out of Authority Placements

      Objective                     To clearly define the process for making out of borough/agency
                                     placements.
                                 




      Legal & Policy Status         The Children Act 1989
                                    The Children Act 2004
                                    Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                    The Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations, Volume 3 & 4
                                    Bournemouth Commissioning Strategy Children's Services
                                    Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                     Looked After Children 2010
                                    Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                    The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                    Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                     After Children
                                    Accommodated Children Visiting Arrangement Regulations 2010


                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    The term 'out of borough/agency placement' is used when the Council place a        Read
           child in an establishment not owned or operated by Bournemouth or with a           commissioning
           foster carer approved by another Council or with an independent fostering          strategy
           agency.
      2    An out of borough/agency placement can only be made when there is no
           existing placement within the family or Bournemouth‟s resources that can
           meet the child‟s needs at that time, and a suitable placement is available
           that will meet the needs of the child.
      3    Children removed from their local environment are more vulnerable.
      4    Social workers should aim to return the child to their own local area
           throughout the life of the placement unless it is decided that this placement
           is long-term.
      5    The supervision and reviewing requirements are the same as for any other           Review of
           looked after child. However, officers involved (particularly reviewing             Arrangement
           officers) need to take account of best practice requirements.
      6    Social Workers and reviewing officers need be aware of potential child
           protection issues for children. Every opportunity should be taken to see the
           child alone on visits, sometimes away from the placement. Social workers
           should ensure children are aware of the agency‟s complaints procedure; the
           Department‟s own complaints procedure and know how to access the
           Department if they have any concerns.
      7    If the out of borough/agency placement is a secure unit, these procedures          Secure
           need to be read in conjunction with those relating to secure accommodation.        accommodation
                                                                                              order
      8    The LAC documentation applies to all looked after children. It is particularly
           important it is used conscientiously for children in out of borough/agency
           placements.
      9    Placements will not be made in any out of borough establishment without            OFSTED
           prior receipt and considerations of the latest OFSTED report.
      10   The appointment of an independent visitor for the child should be considered       Independent
           particularly if the child is only able to enjoy infrequent contact with a parent   visitors
           or person with parental responsibility. Action for Children provides
           Bournemouth with an Independent Visitors Service
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    Out of borough/agency placements can only be made at those establishments
           registered as a Children‟s Home or in placements approved by another
           Council or independent fostering agency, or in an OFSTED/DfE approved
           residential school.
      2    The standards for all provision of residential care for children are contained
           in Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations, Volume 4 Residential Care.
      3    The standards for all provision of foster placements for children are currently
           contained in the Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations, volume 3,
           Family Placements.
      4    Where agreement has been reached between Team Manager and Service
           Manager, that a family placement is required, an IFA placement may be
           sought without any further Service Manager approval once in-house resources
           have been exhausted; this will be delivered via the Access to Resources
           Team.
      5    Agreement for 'social care only' out of borough residential placements must
           be taken by the service director. Agreement for out of borough residential
           placements offering social care, education and health services can only be
           made via the Joint Purchasing Panel process, which includes annual reviews.
      6    Education at Key Stage 4 cannot be disrupted unless it is in the child‟s
           interests and all parties have been consulted. The Director of Children‟s
           Services, or a nominated officer has to sign off a placement plan if it involves
           a change of school at KS4.
      7    All the LAC documentation should be completed and kept up to date for all
           children in out of borough/agency placements.
      8    For children „looked after‟ for more than 6 months this includes the               Assessment and
           Assessment and Action Record which can be an important tool in monitoring          action records,
           the quality of care provided. Wherever possible the Social Worker should be        Essential
           actively involved in its completion, rather than delegating it to the Out of       Information,
           borough/agency to complete.                                                        Care Plans,
      9    For any move from one out of borough/agency placement to another, the              Reviews
           same process applies as if it was an initial placement unless it is one in a       Short break
           series of respite care placements.                                                 reviews
      10   The social worker should consider up to date inspection reports periodically
           during the stay of the child.
      11   The social worker should consider up to date unit statements/daily logs
           periodically during the stay of the child.
      12   The sufficiency duty requires Councils to take all reasonable steps to ensure
           a range of placement provision is available locally.

     No Task                                                Responsible    Record required         Performance
                                                            officer        on RAISE                standard
     1     These procedures apply to out of                 Contracts Team Resource Request        Immediately
           borough/independent fostering agency                            Sheet
           placements and 'social care only' residential
           placements. For out of borough/agency
           children‟s homes covering social care,
           education and health, please see JPP policy. If
           a child has complex care needs refer to the
           protocol for intensive support and/or joint
           funded placements.
     2     Obtain BAAF Form F from agency and consider Contracts Team         Case Recording       Immediately
           the suitability of the proposed placement.                         Sheet
     3     Once a child is placed follow the change of     Social worker      Case Recording       Immediately
           placement procedures.                                              Sheet                as Change of
                                                                                                   Placement
                                                                                                   procedures
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                              Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                          officer         on RAISE          standard
     4    Requirements to visit the child are the same as Social worker   LAC paperwork     As LAC
          any other placement.                                                              procedures
     5    The reviewing requirements are the same as      Reviewing       LAC Review of     Within 14 days
          any placement, except in the case of secure     Officer         Arrangements      of review
          accommodation, however, the review report
          must explicitly state that the placement
          matches the young person‟s assessed needs.
          The reviewing officer should have read the
          Home‟s statement of purpose and function and
          last inspection report.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   September 2011


6.14 Looked After Children : Death of a Child in Care

      Objective                    To ensure that the needs of family members, other significant adults,
                                    professionals and paid carers are met sensitively whilst appropriate
                                    investigations are underway.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989 Schedule 2 Sec. 20
                                   Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The right to make funeral arrangements and to dispose of the child‟s
          property rests exclusively with the child‟s birth parents except where the
          child has been adopted. This is because all other court orders in respect of a
          child end upon the death of that child.
      2   If a child who is „looked after‟ by the Council dies, then the Executive         Inter-Agency Child
          Director of Children, Schools and Family Services must immediately inform        protection
          the Secretary of State. OFSTED also need to be notified.                         procedures
      3   Following the death of (or serious injury to) a child, where abuse or neglect    Inter-Agency Child
          are known to have been a factor the LSCB should carry out a serious case         protection
          review to consider what lessons can be learnt and what should change. The        procedures
          executive summary of this report can be made public.
      4   A manager independent of the case, or an external consultant, should
          commence a review of the case and identify a proposed timescale for
          completion of the report to the Executive Director of Children, Schools and
          Family Services.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   The Secretary of State must be informed immediately.
      2   The team manager should immediately inform the parents and those people
          with parental responsibility. Whilst this should be face-to-face, a telephone
          conversation can suffice if a significant delay in arranging a meeting seems
          likely. They should still have a subsequent face-to-face meeting unless family
          members disagree.
      3   Where death results from abuse or neglect or there is a suspicion of abuse or
          neglect, then formal safeguarding procedures should be followed. These
          should include consideration of a serious case review and any appropriate
          disciplinary procedure. The investigation should be undertaken by a manager
          independent of the case or an external consultant.
      4   The team manager should ensure that the parents have every assistance to
          make the funeral arrangements.
      5   The Council will make funeral arrangements in keeping with the religion of
          the child if parental guidance cannot be obtained.

     No Task                                               Responsible        Record required   Performance
                                                           officer            on RAISE          standard
     1    The Service Director, Children's Social Care,    Team manager       Case Recording    Immediately
          and the Executive Director of Children, Schools to inform           Sheet
          and Family Services is to be informed of the     Service Manager    Notification of
          death or serious injury to a child who was being                    Amendments
          looked after by Bournemouth Borough Council Service Manager         Brief report
          at the time of death.                            to inform
                                                           Service Director
                                                           / Executive
                                                           Director
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   September 2011
     No Task                                             Responsible        Record required   Performance
                                                         officer            on RAISE          standard
     2    Inform the Secretary of State and OFSTED.      Director                             Immediately
     3    Decide whether action, if any, should be taken Team manager       Case Recording    Immediately
          under the child protection procedures.                            Sheet
                                                                            Notification of
                                                                            Amendments
     4    Secure files and other agency documentation –    Team Manager                       Immediately
          Residential log books, foster carer files.
     5    Inform parents and people with parental          Social worker/   Case Recording    Immediately
          responsibility, this should be a face to face    team manager     Sheet
          meeting unless there are exceptional                              Notification of
          circumstances.                                                    Amendments
     6    RAISE to be amended.                             Social Worker    Notification of   Immediately
                                                                            Amendments
     7    Ensure the availability of appropriate support   Team manager     Case Recording    Immediately
          to parents regarding making funeral                               Sheet
          arrangements or, if they are not able, make                       Notification of
          funeral arrangements in keeping with the                          Amendments
          religion of the child.
     8    Arrange for an independent case review to be     Director         Report            Immediately
          undertaken by an Internal manager/external
          consultant if appropriate (abuse/suspected
          abuse).
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.15 Looked After Children : Disruption Meetings

      Objective                    To ensure that any pre-adoption, adoption or long-term placement which
                                    ends in an unplanned way is analysed to ensure that all parties
                                    understand why the placement broke down and to assist in the planning
                                    of future placements.
                                   To ensure that planning is key to providing stable placements for children
                                    and young people.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Managing Disruption – Barnardos
                                   Stability of placements for children looked after
                                    (Best Value Performance Indicator A1/BV49)
                                   Children Acts 1989, 2004
                                   Adoption and Children Act 2002
                                   Adoption Agencies Regulations 2005
                                   National Minimum Standards for Fostering and Adoption
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Active steps should be taken to reduce the likelihood of placement
          breakdown, for example with careful matching and preparatory work with
          the child and proposed carers, followed by rigorous case management and
          good multi agency service delivery.
      2   Disruption meetings should take place after any placement identified within
          the Care Plan as the long-tern placement for that child breaks down. This
          applies to foster placements, adoptive placements and residential
          placements.
      3   Disruption meetings provide an opportunity for all the parties to meet
          together, to reflect on the issues involved, including any grievances to be
          aired and to look at what lessons have been learned and to move on.
      4   Disruption meetings are not arenas for apportioning blame.
      5   Placements rarely disrupt as the result of one individual, but usually through
          a combination of factors. The disruption meeting should look at the sequence
          of events in order to determine and identify:
          a) Why the child‟s needs could not be met in the placement,
          b) How the family can be supported to address the experience and any
               needs that are identified,
          c) The child's future needs
          d) How practice development issues will be addressed.
      6   A decision should be reached in discussion between the Independent
          Reviewing Officer and the Team Manager as to who should chair and produce
          the minutes of the meeting.
      7   As well as supporting the child‟s stability in a new placement, the exercise
          will enable all parties to learn lessons from the disruption process.

                                                                                             Cross-
      Standards                                                                              Referencing
      1   In the case of a long-term placement breakdown, the meeting will take place 4
          weeks after the placement has ended. A representative from the placement,
          Chair and Social Worker will always, as a minimum, be present. In the event
          that the placement was in foster care, then the Supervising Social Worker and
          the Team Manager must also be present.
      2   The meeting should be minuted by an admin worker from the Fostering and
          Placements Team/Adoption Team or one of the Panel Administrators.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                                Cross-
      Standards                                                                                 Referencing
      3   The monitoring and regular review of this policy will measure its impact on
          Children‟s Social Care learning, whether the number of disruptions reduce etc.

     No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required     Performance
                                                             officer          on RAISE            standard
     1    Identify suitable chair for the disruption         Independent      Case Recording      Within 7 days
          meeting.                                           Reviewing        Sheet               of placement
                                                             Officer, Team                        ending in an
                                                             Manager                              unplanned
                                                                                                  way
     2    Consultation between the Chair and the Team        Chair            Case Recording      Within 7 days
          Manager regarding participants required to                          Sheet               of allocation
          attend and invite to the meeting.
     3    Preparation of chronology regarding the child.     Social Worker    Case Recording     To be
                                                                              Sheet              available to
                                                                                                 the Chair 3
                                                                                                 days prior to
                                                                                                 the meeting
     4    Preparation of chronology regarding the            Supervising      Case Recording     To be
          placement.                                         Social Worker/   Sheet              available to
                                                             Key Worker                          the Chair 3
                                                                                                 days prior to
                                                                                                 the meeting
     5    Review minutes, child's file and carer's file to   Supervising      Files/documents as To be
          be available to the Chair.                         Social Worker/   indicated          available to
                                                             Key Worker                          the Chair 3
                                                                                                 days prior to
                                                                                                 the meeting
     6    Send invitations and identify minute taker.        Supervising      Case Recording     At least 7 days
                                                             Social Worker/   Sheet              prior to the
                                                             Key Worker                          meeting
     7    Speak to participants (if appropriate include       Chair                              Prior to the
          child and family) before the meeting.                                                  meeting
                                                                                                 commencing
     8    Hold meeting. The format will be:                 Chair             Minutes
          In order to establish sufficient understanding of
          the factors that have led to placement break
          down, consideration will be given to:-
           Child‟s life prior to being looked after
           Reception into care
           The child‟s life whilst looked after
           Selection and matching process of the
              adopter(s)/carer(s)
           Introduction process to the adopter(s) /
              carer(s)
           The placement
           Disruption and subsequent events
           Future plans
           Who will be informed of the outcomes and
              who will be sent the summary of key points
              and minutes (taken by the social worker)
          The social worker will make the following
          information available to all participants within
          a reasonable period (to be agreed with the
          chairperson) before the meeting:-
           The child‟s history
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                              Responsible   Record required   Performance
                                                          officer       on RAISE          standard
              Circumstances leading up to the placement
               disrupting
           Child‟s view of the placement and the
               disruption
           The adopters‟/carers‟ view of placement
               and the disruption
           Any relevant planning and decision making
               issues
           View of other professionals e.g education,
               health
          The circumstances that surround the disruption
          will influence who the social worker invites.
          Core participants:-
           Chairperson
           Social worker/young person (if the child /
               young person does not want to attend, an
               advocate will support the child in
               expressing their views in another way. The
               social worker‟s role includes checking that
               an advocate has been appointed.)
           Looked After Children Education Services
          Where appropriate the following participants
          will be considered:-
           The carer(s)/adopter(s) who had cared for
               the child
           The child‟s current carer
           The child‟s birth parents
           Fostering Manager
           Adoption Manager
           Other professional(s)
          A Chairperson (of at least team manager level)
          who is independent of the case will:-
           Ensure that a „no blame‟ approach is taken
           Identify and summarise key contributory
               factors to the disruption
           Ensure that an action plan is developed for
               the child
           Ensure minutes and key summary points are
               circulated according to the appropriate
               timescales
           Ensure agreement on who will take the
               following actions after the meeting:
                 Send summary of key points to the
                    Adoption Panel/Fostering Panel within
                    6 weeks of the meeting being held
                 Record trends on the Adoption and
                    Foster Carer‟s Review Form
                 Attach minutes to child/young person‟s
                    file
                 Send minutes to the Single Referral
                    Service within 2 weeks.
     9    Send minutes.                                    Chair        Case Recording    Within 7 days
                                                                        Sheet             of the meeting
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.16 Looked After Children : Education

      Objective                    To ensure all looked after children attend the school most appropriate to
                                    their needs, receive a full time education and have a smooth transition to
                                    secondary school. Also to ensure they are given priority status as
                                    required.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989, sec. 17, 36
                                   The Children Act 2004, sec. 52
                                   The Education Act 1996, Pt IV
                                   Special Education Needs Code of Practice 2001
                                   The Code of Practice for Schools Admissions
                                   DfES/DCSF Statutory Guidance: The Education of Children in Public Care
                                                                                 2000
                                   A Better Education for Children in Care Social Exclusion Unit Report 2004
                                   Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009
                                   Statutory Guidance: The Role and the Responsibilities of the Designated
                                    Teacher for Looked After Children Nov 2009
                                   Children, Schools and Families Act 2010
                                   The Designated Teacher (Looked After Pupils etc.)(England) Regulations
                                    2009
                                   Children Act Higher Education Bursary (England) Regulations 2009


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Council is committed to ensuring looked after children achieve to the
          best of their abilities, receive a good and full time education, and get
          sufficient appropriate support to minimise the potential disruption and
          disadvantage they could face.
      2   All looked after children in Bournemouth, whether Bournemouth children or
          children placed by other Councils, are part of Bournemouth‟s Virtual school,
          as are Bournemouth children placed in other council areas. The Head
          teacher of the Virtual school works closely with the LAC team and the service
          manager responsible for Corporate Parenting. The role of the Head teacher
          of the Virtual school is to promote best possible outcomes for all children in
          the Virtual school.
      3   The Council will ensure children can remain at their existing school wherever
          possible. If a change of placement is the best option or a child moves to a
          placement requiring a change of school, the locality social work teams or the
          LAC team will work together with other professionals to ensure a smooth,
          positive and timely transfer.
      4   Dedicated education staff based within the LAC team will work with children
          from the point at which they are accommodated and in advance of the social
          workers in the LAC team taking responsibility for them. The remit of these
          dedicated staff is to raise the attainment of looked after children and
          support them in achieving the best possible outcomes.
      5   There is a collective responsibility within the Council, covering all officers
          and Elected Members, to act as good parents for all children in their care.
          An essential part of this responsibility involves safeguarding and promoting
          their education. This commitment is made at the most senior level. Issues
          relating to the education of looked after children, and their attainment is
          reported through the Programme Board to the Children‟s Trust, and via
          Corporate Parenting Panel, through IIP Scrutiny and Overview Panel to
          Cabinet.
      6   On an annual basis there is a Celebrating Success Award evening. Staff,
          teachers, foster carers and residential staff can nominate a child or young
          person for an award for a range of achievements. Children and young people
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
           enjoy sharing their successes with carers and family members.
      7    Councils should give maximum encouragement to those with parental                   Parental
           responsibility and foster carers to take advantage of pre-school provision          Responsibility
           where appropriate. Given the adverse life experiences of some looked after
           children they may not be functioning at their chronological level, so plans to
           use such provision must be made within the context of the overall plan for
           the child.
      8    Children‟s Centres are a source of support in terms of early child
           development and foster carers should be encouraged to make use of their
           facilities.
      9    Bournemouth has a Virtual School Head. The VSH and teacher will work
           closely with other professionals and carers to ensure that education
           attainment/outcomes for looked after children improve.
      10   It is very important that looked after children attend primary and secondary
           schools that are local to them; whilst in Bournemouth we would hope to
           maintain a child‟s existing school, at the point of transition from primary to
           secondary consideration should be given to the child transferring to the
           secondary school nearest their placement, especially where the placement is
           a long term one. This should be discussed with the child, their parents, and
           carers, and agreed within the LAC service between social workers and
           education staff.
      11   Where a child is preparing to transfer to a secondary school they, like their
           peers should have the opportunity to visit secondary schools in the area and
           should be accompanied by their carer, parent and social worker. All
           discussions about a child‟s education, should have the child at the centre and
           fully participating in those discussions.
      12   Where a looked after child has an SEN statement, the school they attend is
           named on the statement.
      13   Social workers, parents and carers may express a preference for the
           maintained school (but not a Pupil Referral Unit) they wish the child to
           attend, or make representations for a placement in any other school.
           Children‟s Learning and Engagement will comply with such preferences unless
           the school is unsuitable to the child‟s age, ability, religious beliefs, aptitude
           or special educational needs, or the placement would be incompatible with
           the efficient education of the other children in the school.
      14   Unless a social worker, parent or care indicate that they do not want the           Joint Purchasing
           child education in a mainstream school, CLE must ensure the child is                Panel
           educated in a mainstream school unless that is incompatible with the
           efficient education of other children. In such circumstances a Team Around
           The Child approach will engage social work and potentially health
           professionals with a view to identifying a specialist provision, to be approved
           via Joint Purchasing Panel.
      15   If the allocated social worker has concerns about the child‟s education, or         PEPs
           the educational progress they are making, they should consult in the first
           instance with education colleagues within the LAC team, and with the SEN
           team, if the child has a statement, and following that, with the school,
           designated teacher and form teacher. An interim PEP should be arranged to
           address this concern.
      16    Looked after children and young people from minority ethnic backgrounds
           may be particularly vulnerable to educational disadvantage. As a Corporate
           Parent, the Council will be especially sensitive to their needs, promote their
           achievement and take steps to ensure they are not subjected to negative
           stereotyping and harassment.
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    Social workers will liaise with the child‟s school and with the education staff
           within the LAC team as soon as a child becomes accommodated. If the child
           is not in school, the education staff within the LAC team will assist by
           identifying an appropriate education placement.
      2    A Personal Education Plan will be put in place within 20 school days of a child     PEPs
           becoming accommodated or changing school. It will be reviewed on a six              LAC Reviews
           monthly basis, at least, and in advance of the LAC review. Access to the
           Personal Education Allowance is via the PEP.
      3    Where a pre-school child is already accommodated, consideration of school
           placement should begin during the September after the child‟s 4 th birthday.
           The social worker, in discussion with the foster carer and the education staff
           in the LAC team will agree a preferred school and request a place at that
           school.
      4    Where problems occur at school, they should be reported to the education            Positive Behaviour
           staff and social work staff in the LAC team (or social work staff in the locality   Management
           team if the child is newly accommodated) and a team around the child                TAC meetings
           meeting should be called to ensure all professionals are working together
           with the foster/residential carer and parents, to successfully address those
           problems.
      5    Where a child is at risk of exclusion, the social worker and foster/residential
           carer will work closely with the school, education staff within the LAC team
           and the Virtual School Head, exploring reasons, causes and avenues of
           additional support in order to avoid exclusion.
      6    If a looked after child is excluded, even temporarily, alternative provision for
           that child‟s education should be in place from day 1. A team around the
           child approach will be used to ensure everyone supports successful return to
           school as soon as possible and a reintegration meeting should be held in
           school. In the event of a LAC being permanently excluded, the social worker
           and education worker must consider appealing against the exclusion.
      7    In the event that a child moves placement at any time, the child‟s social
           worker should inform the education staff in the LAC team immediately so
           that new education arrangements can be made. If an external placement is
           required, the social worker and the brokerage worker in the contracts team
           should liaise with the education staff in the LAC team and the SEN team, if
           the child has a Statement of SEN, immediately to ensure any placement
           considered can access good and appropriate education provision for the
           child.
      8    Education at Key Stage 4 cannot be disrupted unless it is in the child‟s
           interests and all parties have been consulted. The Director of Children‟s
           Services or a nominated officer must sign of a placement plan if it involves a
           change of school at KS4.
      9    Where a child is due to transfer to secondary school, the LAC review                IRO
           undertaken during year 5 should clarify who will accompany the child to an          LAC Review
           open evening, and, where known, record the date of the open evening. The
           child‟s social worker should consult with the education staff in the LAC team
           to assist in the decision making processes at the following review
      10   For looked after children with SEN statements, who are due to transfer to
           secondary school there should be a statutory review of the statement before
           the end of October, in year 6, but preferably at the end of year 5 discussion
           and selection of the most appropriate secondary school is made. This
           statutory review should take place at the same time as the child‟s LAC
           review.
      11   No looked after child should be without a school place for more than 20
           school days (Sec 52, Children Act ‟04). In Bournemouth our standard is 0 days
           whenever possible.
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      12   Where a specialist provision is being considered, the social worker and           SEN team
           education worker should consider the following information from that              Brokerage:
           provision:-                                                                       Placements
                 The achievement of children currently using the provision
                 The behaviour policy
                 OFSTED reports
                 SEN policy
                 Equalities policies
                 Performance tables
                 Work schemes and syllabuses
           All specialist placements will be sourced by the brokerage service within the
           contracts team and the SEN team if the child has a Statement of SEN.

     No Task                                               Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                           officer          on RAISE              standard
     1     Identifying appropriate school placements at    Education        Case recording        In place prior to
           point of transition or when necessary due to    worker/social    Admissions form       move
           placement change.                               worker
     2     Ensuring young person is able to visit schools  Social Worker    Case recording        Pre transfer
           when transferring from Primary to Secondary to
           assist in deciding which school they wish to
           attend.
     3     Need for Personal Educational Allowance to be Education          PEP targets /         During PEP
           identified in PEP.                             worker/social     record
                                                          worker
     4     Application of PEA.                            Education         PEA application       During PEP
                                                          worker/social     form
                                                          worker            Part of PEP
     5     Authorisation of PEA.                          LAC team          PEA application       By next LAC
                                                          manager/          form                  Review
                                                          Advisory          Part of PEP
                                                          Teacher for LAC
     6     Ensuring completion of PEP                     Social worker     PEP                   Within 20 school
                                                                                                  days of
                                                                                                  accommodation
                                                                                                  or of school
                                                                                                  change, then at
                                                                                                  least every 6
                                                                                                  months
     7     Ensuring appropriate provision if a LAC is      CLE/Education Case recording           Day 1 of
           excluded                                        workers                                exclusion
     8     Appealing against permanent exclusion of LAC    Social worker / Letter of appeal       Within statutory
                                                           education                              timescales
                                                           worker
     9     Ensuring Education workers and SEN team, if     Brokerage       C9003                  Prior to
           appropriate, are consulted prior to any         /social worker                         placement
           placement changes whenever possible, and
           C9003 completed.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.17 Looked After Children : Emergency Medical Attention

      Objective                    To ensure that young people are given appropriate and timely medical
                                    attention.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Children Acts 1989, 2004
                                   Care Matters : Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                    After Children 2010
                                   NICE/SCIE guidance: The Physical and Emotional Health and Well-being of
                                    Looked After Children and Young People 2010


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   In the event of an accident to a looked-after child, the child's carer will
          ensure the child receives appropriate first aid and/or medical treatment as
          well as providing comfort in order to alleviate distress.
      2   A full record is made regarding the circumstances leading up to and including
          the incident.
      3   If a child is taken or admitted to hospital for treatment, any medical           Personal Health
          documentation including Placement Plan 1 (which gives consent to                 Plans
          emergency examination and treatment) and (Consent to treatment,
          examination, assessment etc) if this is available at the locality of the
          incident, should be made available. A Child‟s Health Plan may contain useful
          information for examining Health Staff.
      4   Where medical treatment is or has been necessary those with parental
          responsibility will be informed as soon as possible. Ideally parental
          permission should be obtained in respect of the specific medical treatment.
          In the case of children subject to care orders permission should be sought
          from a service manager or Service Director. If the child is of sufficient age
          and understanding they may give their own consent to treatment though
          those with parental responsibility should still be involved in and informed of
          the process.


     No Task                                                Responsible     Record required     Performance
                                                            officer         on RAISE            standard
     1    In order that a child can receive prompt          Social worker   Placement Plan      1–48 hours
          treatment, a parent or a person with parental                     Part 1 section 7    before
          responsibility is asked to sign the medical                       Health Care         placement
          consent section contain in Placement Plan Part                    Arrangements for    commences or
          One prior to or shortly after the placement.                      Looked After        immediately
          Consent to treatment, examination, assessment                     Children            afterwards if
          etc form is completed within the Health                                               an emergency
          Planning for looked after children.                                                   placement
                                                                                                Health Plan –
                                                                                                28 days action
     2    At the time of the incident the person with the   Person with the Case Recording      Immediately
          child must do whatever is reasonable in all the   child           Sheet               Record on
          circumstances of the case to obtain the                           Residential log     return from
          appropriate medical attention for the child.                      Foster Carers Diary treatment
     3    Foster carer or staff member accompanying the     Person with the Health Care         If readily
          child should take any relevant medical            child           Arrangements for available
          documentation if this is available at the                         Looked After        taken by carer
          locality of the accident or incident.                             Children            accompanying
                                                                            Placement Plan      the child
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                               Responsible     Record required     Performance
                                                           officer         on RAISE            standard
                                                                           Part 1
                                                                           Health Plan LAC
     4    Inform the parents and people with parental      Person with the Case Recording
          responsibility and the social worker. This may   child/ social   Sheet
          depend upon the urgency or severity of the       worker          Residential log
          accident or incident.                                            Foster Carers Diary
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.18 Looked After Children : Essential Information Record – Parts 1 & 2

      Objective                    To ensure that essential information pertaining to the health, education,
                                    development and welfare of the child is collected usually before a
                                    placement is made.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989 Guidance & regulations Vols 3 & 4
                                   Looking After Children – HMSO Dept of Health 1995
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   The Children & Young Persons Act 2008


                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Children‟s needs cannot be properly assessed and subsequently met without
          completion of these records.
      2   Parents should be encouraged to add information they consider essential
          beyond that asked for during the completion process. This information should
          be considered just as important as the required information.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Part 1 should be completed before the child enters a new placement.              Fostering/Residential:
                                                                                           Placement of
                                                                                           Children
      2   Whilst it is usual to complete Part 1 before the start of the placement
          during a pre placement meeting, it can be done within 48 hours of the
          start if the placement was an emergency.
      3   Copies of Part 1 and 2 to be left with both the parent(s) and the carer(s).
          A copy should also be placed on file and sent to the Placements Team and
          Independent Reviewing Team.
      4   Both Part 1 & 2 should be updated when a new placement is made and
          whenever a change occurs.

     No Task                                             Responsible     Record required           Performance
                                                         officer         on RAISE                  standard
     1    Essential information record (part 1) must be  Social worker   EIR part 1                Before
          completed. Parent and young person will assist with parent and                           placement
          in the completion.                             young person                              commences or
                                                                                                   within 48
                                                                                                   hours if an
                                                                                                   emergency
     2    Information to be input to RAISE.               Social Worker                            Immediately
     3    Any new names addresses or other relevant       Social Worker     Notification of        Immediately
          information to be input on RAISE.                                 Amendments
     4    Completed copy of EIR part 1 to carers, parents Social worker     LAC Forms              Before
          and send to independent reviewing team.                           Distribution           placement
                                                                                                   commences or
                                                                                                   within 48
                                                                                                   hours if an
                                                                                                   emergency
     5    Completed copy of EIR part 1 on file.           Social worker     LAC Forms              Immediately
                                                                            Distribution

     6    EIR part 2 must be completed.                   Social worker     EIR part 2             Before
                                                                                                   placement
                                                                                                   begins or
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                             Responsible      Record required   Performance
                                                         officer          on RAISE          standard
                                                                                            within 14 days
     7    Completed copy of EIR part 2 to carers, parents Social worker   LAC Forms         Before
          and send to independent reviewing team.                         Distribution      placement
                                                                                            commences or
                                                                                            within 14 days
                                                                                            if an
                                                                                            emergency
     8    Completed copy of EIR part 2 on file.          Social Worker    LAC Forms         Immediately
                                                                          Distribution
     9    Both parts of EIR 1 and 2 should be amended    Social Worker    LAC Forms         Prior to
          before each review. Copies sent to carers,                      Distribution      review
          parents and independent reviewing team.                         Residential log   As appropriate
          Copy on file.                                                                     but as soon as
                                                                                            possible after
                                                                                            medical
                                                                                            treatment has
                                                                                            been provided
     10   RAISE to be updated.                           Social Work                        Immediately
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.20 Looked After Children : Immediate Placements

      Objective                    To ensure that immediate placements of children conform to regulations.
                                   To enable the immediate placement of children in a family based care
                                    arrangement when the carer is not a current approved foster carer.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989 and Volume 3
                                   Regulation 38 of the Foster Placement Regulations 2001
                                   National Minimum Standards-Foster Care 2010
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   Care Standards Act 2000
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance in Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                    Looked After Children 2010
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Care Planning, Placement & Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   It is Bournemouth‟s policy not to accommodate children over the age of ten         Eligibility Criteria
          unless there are serious safeguarding concerns meeting the threshold for care
          proceedings.
      2   This policy relates to the placement of children and young people in any
          family based care arrangement that would be covered by statutory provision.
      3   Children who are looked after by the Council can only be placed with persons
          who are already approved as foster carers. However, where the Council is
          satisfied that the immediate placement of a child is necessary it may place
          the children with a person not already approved as a foster carer providing
          that:
          a) A responsible officer of the Council has interviewed that person.
          b) It has been established that the person is a relative or friend of the child.
          c) The accommodation has been inspected.
          d) Information has been obtained about other persons living in the
               household.
          e) The arrangement does not exceed a period of six weeks.
          f) That this is the most suitable way for the Council to perform its duty
          g) Police and social services checks have been initiated
      4   That the person will carry out the duties specified in the procedures below
          and has signed a written agreement to that. The DUTIES referred to above
          are:
          a) To care for the child as if s/he were a member of that person‟s family.
          b) To permit any person authorised by the Council to visit the child at any
               time.
          c) To allow the child to be removed at any time.
          d) To ensure that any information which the carer may acquire relating to
               the child, or to his family or any other person, which has been given to
               him in confidence in connection with the placement is kept confidential
               and not disclosed except to, or with the agreement of, the Council.
          e) To allow parents contact with the child under any arrangement made or
               agreed by the Council.
      5   The LAC Placement Plan 1 requires written information on JAR A11 to be
          given to the carer.
      6   The social worker will visit the child as a minimum weekly.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   The placement is assessed as most appropriate to meet the child‟s immediate
          needs.
      2   The child must be visited and seen on his/her own at least once every week
          for the duration of the Regulation 38 approval.
      3   During the six weeks of the emergency or immediate placement, the Council
          will take all necessary measures to decide whether the person looking after
          the child should continue as a foster carer for a longer period of time or,
          alternatively, terminate the placement.
      4   A written report must be made of each visit.
      5   If the arrangement is to continue longer than six weeks the field social
          worker has responsibility for bringing an application for fostering status to
          the fostering panel using BAAF form F2. The placements team will take
          ongoing responsibility from that point.

     No Task                                                 Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                             officer         on RAISE             standard
     1    Complete assessment of need.                       Social worker   Initial Assessment   Within 7 days
                                                                             Record               Within 35 days
                                                                             Children in Need -   As situation
                                                                             Core Assessment      arises
                                                                             Case Recording
                                                                             Sheet
     2    Consider all other options before agreeing to  Social              Case Recording       Immediately
          the immediate placement of the child with      worker/Team         Sheet
          someone who is not approved as a foster carer. manager             Management
                                                                             Decision Sheets
     3    Minimum requirements to be fulfilled before        Social Worker   Case Recording       Prior to
          approval can be given are: Interview with                          Sheet                approval
          prospective carer, checks on accommodation,
          information regarding members of the
          household.
     4    RAISE checks to be undertaken on household         Social worker Case Recording         Prior to
          members and address.                                             Sheet                  approval
     5    Local Police, Health, Education checks to be    Social Worker    Case Recording         Prior to
          undertaken.                                                      Sheet                  placement
     6    Carers to sign written undertaking in respect ofSocial worker    Written                Prior to
          a looked after child.                                            Undertaking of a       Placement
                                                                           Relative or Friend
                                                                           in Respect of a
                                                                           Child/Young Person
                                                                           being Looked After
                                                                           by the Council
                                                                           (LACT 02)
     7    Approval of placement.                          Service Director Case Recording         Prior to
                                                                           Sheet                  placement
     8    Regulation 38 is intended to enable placements Social Worker     Referral to            Immediately
          in an emergency and on a short-term basis.                       Placements Team
          If the placement exceeds or is likely to exceed
          six weeks then the relative or friend must be
          approved as foster carers.
     9    Fostering and Placements Team to commence Supervising            Form F                 Within 6
          full assessment.                                Social Worker                           weeks
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012


6.21 Looked After Children : Independent Reviewing Officers

      Objective                   To ensure that there is, independent of line management, monitoring of
                                   the local authority‟s review of a Looked After Child‟s Care Plans with the
                                   aim of ensuring that actions required to implement the Care and Child
                                   Protection Plans are carried out and outcomes monitored.
                                (FOR THE INDEPENDENT REVIEWING OFFICER ROLE IN CHILD PROTECTION,
                                PLEASE SEE THE SAFEGUARDING SECTION)
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989(Sec 25B – amended by the Children and Young
                                    Person‟s Act 2008)
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Local Safeguarding Board Child Protection Procedures 2000
                                   Adoption and Children Act 2002
                                   Independent Reviewing Officer‟s Guidance
                                   Review of Children‟s Cases (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2004
                                   Children & Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   IRO Handbook 2011
                                   Children (Leaving Care) Regulations 2010


                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    Independent Reviewing Officers are responsible for monitoring Looked        LAC Review of
           After Children‟s Care and Pathway Plans.                                    Arrangements/Pathway
                                                                                       Planning
      2    Independent Reviewing Officers will be located in the Safeguarding &
           Quality Assurance Unit, independent of line and operational management
           of cases.
      3    Independent Reviewing Officers will contribute to the audit, quality
           assurance and performance management of Children‟s Social Care.
      4    Independent Reviewing Officers will maintain robust data information
           systems.
      5    Independent Reviewing Officers will produce management information
           reports as required.
      6    Independent Reviewing Officers will undertake audits on cases, including
           internal management and serious case reviews and any additional audit
           functions to support the business unit and corporate business plans.
      7    Independent Reviewing Officers will offer an advice and consultation
           service to Children‟s Social Care staff and other professionals.
      8    Independent Reviewing Officers will ensure Looked After Children            Care Planning,
           Reviews are held within timescales.                                         Placement & Case
                                                                                       Review Regulations
      9    Independent Reviewing Officers will ensure full participation of children   Care Planning,
           and families in Looked After Child Reviews and Child Protection             Placement & Case
           Conferences.                                                                Review Regulations
      10   IROs are responsible for spending time with each child before the review
           to determine their wishes and feelings.
      11   Independent Reviewing Officers will ensure that the views of the child
           and family are known, understood and taken into account.
      12   Independent Reviewing Officers will ensure those identified as being
           responsible for implementing any decision/actions taken at Looked After
           Reviews are followed through, either via a specific time or at the next
           review.
      13   Failure to review a case or take proper steps to implement plans will be
           brought to the attention of Children's Social Care staff or other agency.
Reviewed            September 2010
Agreed by CSMT      October 2010
Next Review Date    April 2012

                                                                                         Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      14   IROs are responsible for monitoring the council‟s performance in relation
           to the child‟s case. They are able to adjourn review meetings if they
           think that the process would be unproductive.
      15   A record of all referrals to CAFCASS must be kept.
      16   All Looked After Children must be made aware of the complaints                Complaints Procedure
           procedure.
      17   Independent Reviewing Officers do have a role in instigating the
           complaints procedures themselves.
      18   Independent Reviewing Officers should not prejudice the complaints
           procedure, but may assist to speed up the process or assist towards a
           resolution.
      19   Independent Reviewing Officers will need to make a judgement as to
           whether any complaint is serious enough to constitute a breach of the
           child‟s Human Rights to justify a referral to CAFCASS or await a resolution
           through the complaints procedure. They should help the child obtain
           legal advice if needed.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    The identified Children‟s Reviewer will chair all subsequent reviews following
           the Initial Review.
      2    All Looked After Children Reviews will be held within statutory timescales.      Care Planning,
                                                                                            Placement & Case
                                                                                            Review Regulations
      3    Independent Reviewing Officers will ensure that:
            The child‟s views are understood and taken into account.
            Those persons responsible for implementing any decision made through a
               Care Plan, will progress them to the intended outcomes.
            They regularly review the child‟s Care Plan.
      4    Looked After Children Reviews will identify a plan of action with agreed
           timescales; identify who will carry out elements of the plan, timescales and
           intended outcomes.
      5    Looked After Children Care Plans will be reviewed at the first review and        Care Planning,
           thereafter through subsequent reviews.                                           Placement & Case
                                                                                            Review Regulations
      6    Where Looked After Children and Care Plans are not being progressed or poor
           practice is identified, this will be addressed with the worker/agency
           responsible.
      7    Where it is not possible to find a resolution, the matter will be taken to
           senior officers of the relevant agency, within agreed timescales.
      8    In exceptional cases this may result in a referral to CAFCASS.
      9    Placements cannot be terminated without a case review, unless there is a
           risk of significant harm to the child.
      10

     No Task                                              Responsible        Record required       Performance
                                                          officer            on RAISE              standard
     1     Independent Reviewing Officers are available   Independent        Child Care File/LAC
           for advice and consultation                    Reviewing          File/Case
                                                          Officers           Recording sheet
     2     The Safeguarding & Quality Assurance Unit will Administration     LAC Review of         Within 28
           identify a Children‟s Reviewer to chair a      Officer            Arrangements          days.
           Looked After Children‟s Review.                                   LAC File/Letter       Subsequent
                                                                                                   Review within
                                                                                                   91 days and
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012
     No Task                                                  Responsible   Record required       Performance
                                                              officer       on RAISE              standard
                                                                                                  183 days
                                                                                                  respectively.
     3    Children‟s and family views are understood and Independent        Case Recording        At the Review
          taken into account through the Advocacy        Reviewing          Sheet
          Service, Viewpoint and consultation documents Officers            LAC Review of
          and or attending at Looked After Children                         Arrangements
          Reviews.                                                          Consultation
                                                                            Documents
     4    Looked After Children Care Plan will be             Independent   LAC Review of       Within 28
          reviewed within statutory timescales.               Reviewing     Arrangements        days, 91 days
                                                              Officers                          and 183 days
                                                                                                respectively
     5    Where a Looked After Child Care Plan/Pathway        Independent   Child Care file/LAC Immediately
          Plan is not being progressed or poor practice is    Reviewing     File/Letter
          identified this will be brought to the attention    Officers      LAC Review of
          of the staff/agency concerned.                                    Arrangements
     6    Where a satisfactory resolution, using all          Independent   Child Care file/LAC Within agreed
          channels cannot be agreed for a Looked After        Reviewing     File/Letter/        timescale
          Child, a referral to CAFCASS may be made.           Officers      Case Recording
                                                                            Sheet
                                                                            LAC Review of
                                                                            Arrangements
     7    Care Plan/Pathway Plan not being progressed.        Independent   Child Care file/LAC Within 10
          Identified/responsible professional/agency          Reviewing     File/Letter         working days
          must be asked to account for this inaction.         Officers      LAC Review of
                                                                            Arrangements
     8    If unsatisfactory or no response received           Independent   Child Care file/LAC Within 10
          arrange to meet with the professional/agency        Reviewing     File/Letter/LAC     working days
          concerned.                                          Officers      LAC Review of
                                                                            Arrangements
     9    If no satisfactory resolution can be found,         Independent   Child Care file/LAC Within 10
          formal letter to be sent to the professional/       Reviewing     File/Letter/        working days
          agency (copy to Social Worker, Senior               Officers      LAC Review of
          Practitioner, Team Manager, Service Manager                       Arrangements
          (Fieldwork) Service Manager (S & QA Unit).
     10   If still no satisfactory resolution can be found,   Independent   Child Care file/LAC Within 10
          letter of intent to refer to Service Director,      Reviewing     File/Letter/        working days
          Children's Social Care/respective Manager of        Officers      LAC Review of
          Service involved (with copy to those identified                   Arrangements
          in 9 above).
     11   Take matter to Service Director, Children's         Independent   Child Care file/LAC   Within 10
          Social Care/respective Manager of Service           Reviewing     File/Letter/          working days
          involved.                                           Officers      LAC Review of
                                                                            Arrangements
     12   Inform the Director of Children, Families and       Independent   Child Care file/LAC   Within 5
          Schools Services if still no satisfactory           Reviewing     File/Letter/          working days
          resolution of intention to refer to CAFCASS.        Officers      LAC Review of
                                                                            Arrangements
     13   Refer to CAFCASS.                                   Independent   Child Care file/LAC   Within 5
                                                              Reviewing     File/Letter/          working days
                                                              Officers      LAC Review of
                                                                            Arrangements
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012

6.22 Looked After Children : Independent Visitors
      Objective                     To ensure provision of an independent visitor for children looked after.
                                 




      Legal & Policy Status         The Children Act 1989
                                    The Children Act 2004
                                    Care Matters : Implementation Plan 2008
                                    The Children (Secure Accommodation) Regulations 1991
                                    The Children Act Guidance and Regulations Volumes 3 & 4
                                    The Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                    The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Council has a duty to consider appointing an independent visitor for a        Children Act 1989
          child who has had infrequent communication or contact with the person with
          parental responsibility and a duty to provide one in all cases were a child has
          not been visited by their parent for the preceding 12 months.
      2   A child or young person‟s relationship with an independent visitor is a face to
          face one. In exceptional circumstance overnight stays with the visitor may be
          thought to be appropriate and beneficial to the young person. In all cases the
          independent visitor must have complied with the family placement
          regulations and a full assessment undertaken and statutory checks
          completed.
      3   The Council is required to inform the independent visitor that the young
          person is in secure accommodation and their intention, if so, to apply to the
          court to keep the young person in secure accommodation.
      4   The appointment of the independent visitor should be regularly reviewed as
          part of the review process.
      5   Action for Children provides an independent visitors services for
          Bournemouth.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Consideration of the appointment of an independent visitor should form part
          of the review process.
      2   There should be no conflict of interest in terms of relationship between the      Review of
          independent visitor and the local authority or secure unit, thus ensuring         Arrangements
          independent support/advocacy for the young person.
      3   A child‟s independent visitor should be informed of their admission to secure
          accommodation and the Council‟s further intentions.

     No Task                                                Responsible       Record required     Performance
                                                            officer           on RAISE            standard
     1    Consider appointing an independent visitor        Social worker/    Case Recording      Ongoing
          whenever:                                         reviewing         Sheet
          1. a child has not had contact with a parent      officer           LAC Review of
              or people with parental responsibility over                     Arrangements
              the preceding twelve months
          2. the contact over the preceding twelve
              months has been infrequent
          3. if you think an independent visitor would
              benefit the young person
          4. if the young person requests one.
     2    Independent visitors to be invited to LAC         Social Worker     Note re - Review of 2 weeks prior
          Reviews of Arrangements.                                            LAC - Children's Act to Review
                                                                              1989 (LACT06)
     3    Independent visitor is to be notified if a child is Social Worker   Letter               Immediately
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012
     No Task                                Responsible   Record required   Performance
                                            officer       on RAISE          standard
          placed in secure accommodation.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.23 Looked After Children : Individual Placement Contracts

      Objective                    To improve the outcomes for Looked After Children and Young People in
                                    Bournemouth, through the development of outcome-focussed, SMART
                                    individual placement agreements.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   The Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Care Matters – Time for Change: Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children‟s Social Care Service Plan 2011-12
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Each Placement will be underpinned by a robust, outcome focussed
          Placement Contract.
      2   Each Placement Contract will be informed by a multi agency assessment
          child/young person‟s needs.
      3   Success of a placement will be measured against the five outcomes identified
          in Every Child Matters.
      4   Outcomes listed in the Placement Contract will be reviewed and measured         LAC Reviews
          for success within the statutory LAC review, unless otherwise indicated.


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Where possible, placement choice will be informed by a multi agency
          assessment of need, to bring about the best possible placement match.
      2   Partner agencies will be actively involved in the identification of the best
          placement match.
      3   The multi agency assessment of need will help to specify the outcomes for
          each LAC child and young person, in the Individual Placement Contract.
      4   Individual Placement Contracts will be completed within 72 hours of
          placement.
      5   Individual Placement Contract outcomes will be reviewed a minimum of
          twice per year.
      6   Where outcomes are not being achieved in line with expectation, urgent
          discussion will take place with the placement provider.

     No Task                                           Responsible           Record required      Performance
                                                       officer               on RAISE             standard
     1    Complete multi agency assessment of need, ChildCare Area           Core Assessment      35 working
          with clear outcomes for LAC children and     Team                                       days
          young people.                                Practitioner/LAC
                                                       Team
                                                       Practitioner/
                                                       Partner agencies
     2    Once placement is identified, through Access Allocated LAC         Individual Placement Within 7 days
          to Resources Team, Individual Placement      Team Practitioner     Contract             of placement
          Contract to be completed, following on ECM5
          outcome areas
     3    Individual Placement Contracts to be signed LAC Team Manager       Individual Placement Within 21 days
          by relevant agencies.                        / Named Health        Contract             of placement
                                                       contact / Named
                                                       Education contact
                                                       / Provider
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                         Responsible       Record required        Performance
                                                     officer           on RAISE               standard
     4    Signed Individual Placement Contracts to beContracts Team    Copies of Individual   Ongoing
          distributed to LAC Team Manager, Finance,                    Placement Contract
          CR and QA Unit and Provider.
     5    Individual Placement Contract to be reviewed Independent        LAC review          Minimum
          within LAC review system                     Reviewing Officers document            twice yearly
                                                       / LAC Team
                                                       Practitioner/Other
                                                       Review attendees
     6    If no progress noted against Individual      LAC Team Manager Meeting minutes       Immediate
          Placement Contract, urgent discussion to     / Named Health,
          take place.                                  Education
                                                       colleagues,
                                                       Provider
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011


6.24 Looked After Children : Medication

      Objective                    To ensure that looked after children receive appropriate medication and
                                    that it is stored and administered safely and effectively
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Children‟s Homes Regulations 1991
                                   The Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations: Volume 4 – Residential
                                    Care
                                   National Minimum Standards for Fostering Services and Residential Care
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placements and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked After
                                    Children 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    It is essential that a looked after child or young person‟s medication record is Essential Information
           kept clearly and accurately.                                                     Record 1
      2    Information about medication should be part of the initial medical                Personal Health Plan
           examination/written health assessment and should be included as part of the
           ongoing medical examinations/health assessments held:
           a) at least once every 6 months before the child‟s fifth birthday;
           b) at least once a year thereafter.
      3    Information about the child‟s medication needs should be included on the
           child‟s personal health plan.
      4    Every child should be registered with a medical practitioner. Carers should
           ensure the child or young person consults the medical practitioner whenever
           the need arises.
      5    Fraser competence is based on the capacity to understand what is involved in
           each situation in which medical treatment is required. Young people under
           16 cannot, therefore, give blanket consent to medical treatment. The
           situation is different, however, with respect to refusal of treatment. The
           courts have decided that anyone with parental responsibility can, in certain
           circumstances, override the refusal of a Fraser competent child. Such
           circumstances have involved serious medical conditions such as anorexia,
           leukaemia and organ transplant.
      6    Young people over 16 may give consent to, or refuse, treatment although in
           certain circumstances a Court may over rule this decision.
      7    Carers must ensure that any medication is administered as prescribed. Young
           people over 16 may hold and administer their own medication. Some children
           under 16 may be able to self administer medication providing there has been
           a careful assessment of their capability which has involved a health
           practitioner responsible for prescribing the medication.
      8    Carers ensure that medicines, including those which can be obtained without
           prescription, are stored in a secure place.
      9    In addition please refer to the internal procedures of Bournemouth‟s
           residential children‟s home, Milton House, as applicable.
      10   When a child is looked after issues of consent to treatment (which includes       LAC – Residential
           medication) must be clearly understood by the carers and the child:
            for children under 16 who are accommodated the right to give consent on Accommodation
                behalf of the child remains with the parents/those with parental
                responsibility                                                               Care Order
            for children under 16 on a care order then parents share parental
                responsibility with the Council and it will be a matter of negotiation who
                should give consent, although parents should be consulted
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
              the Fraser Guidelines (Mental Health Act 1983 Code of Practice 1999)
               indicate that young people under 16 have a right to confidential medical
               advice and treatment without parental consent, providing:


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Children must be able to understand the advice and mature enough to
          understand what is involved if they are to consent
      2   The doctor cannot persuade them to inform parents/those with parental
          consent
      3   Their physical/mental health will suffer if they do not have treatment
      4   That it is in their best interests to be given such treatment without parental
          consent
      5   That in the case of contraception or substance misuse, the young person will
          continue to put themselves at risk of harm if they do not have the treatment.

     No Task                                              Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                          officer          on RAISE             standard
     1    Health information to be obtained from          Social worker    EIR Part1            Prior to, or
          parent/carer prior to, or at time of                             Placement Plan       within 48
          accommodation.                                                   Part 1               hours of
          Documentation to be completed regarding the                      Health Care          placement
          consent to emergency treatment, examination                      Arrangements for
          etc.                                                             LAC
     2    Information regarding medication to be shared Social worker      EIR Part1            Prior to, or
          with carers. Looked After Children Nurses         LAC Nurses     Placement Plan       immediately
          will discuss with carers ongoing issues regarding                Part 1               following
          medication and treatment.                                        Health Plan - LAC    placement
                                                                           LAC Forms
                                                                           Distribution
     3    See residential unit procedure if child is in   RSW              As prescribed        As prescribed
          residential care.
     4    See foster carer manual if child is in foster   Carer            As prescribed        As prescribed
          care.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.25 Looked After Children : Overnight Stays

      Objective                    To ensure that children who are looked after have opportunities to visit
                                    and stay overnight with friends or relatives while at the same time
                                    fulfilling the Council responsibility as corporate parents to keep them safe
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   The Placement of Children with Parents etc. Regulations 1991
                                   LAC (2004)4 : Guidance on the Delegation of Decisions on Overnight
                                    Stays for Looked After Children
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   The foster Carer Charter 2011
                                   Fostering Regulations (amended) 2011
                                   Children‟s Homes Regulations (amended) 2011


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Council has a duty both to safeguard any child looked after and to
          promote her/his welfare
      2   The Council must therefore balance the wish to promote 'normal' activities
          experienced by most children against the need to ensure that the child or
          young person is not placed at any risk.
      3   If there is a request for an overnight stay and the child is accommodated         Parental
          subject to Section 20 of the Children Act 1989 then the parents, or a person      responsibility
          with parental responsibility, should be fully consulted and parental
          permission obtained. Where possible this should be in writing.
      4   If a parent cannot be contacted the Council may give permission for the
          overnight stay if it is consistent with the child‟s welfare.
      5   Parental permission does not, however, absolve the Council from their duty
          to ensure that the overnight stay does not place the child others at risk of
          harm.
      6   If the child is subject to a care order then ideally the parents, or someone      Care Order
          with parental responsibility should be consulted, but the decision may be
          made by a team manager.
      7   The decision about whether to allow overnight stays needs to involve a
          process of assessment which should be similar to that which any 'good parent'
          would make before allowing a child to stay overnight with other people.
      8   The assessment would include:
          a) Talking to the child about the friend and relative with whom it is
               proposed they stay.
          b) Speaking to the adults involved to check arrangements and be satisfied
               that the child will be safe
          c) Obtaining information about the parents and family
          d) Ensuring someone talks to the child when they return to check that they
               have not felt uncomfortable
          e) Taking into account the likely behaviour of the child
          f) The influence the friend, their friends and their family may have
          g) The risk the child may pose to others
          h) The risks the child may face
          i) The child‟s vulnerability
          j) The child‟s own wishes and feelings
          k) The views of the child‟s parents
      9   Further RAISE checks should be made on all overnight stay addresses and
          named adults known to be responsible during an overnight visit. Children‟s
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
           Social Care would make a check on its own records in a way that a reasonable
           parent would use information known to them to inform the decision making.
      10   Responsibility is no different from that expected of a reasonable parent, to
           include in every case the foster carer/social worker/residential social worker
           a) meet the friend and responsible adult prior to the stay
           b) directly agreeing the arrangement with the friend‟s parent/carer
           c) knowing the name, address and telephone number of the friend‟s home
           d) knowing the address and telephone number where the child/young
                person would stay
           e) ensure that any health needs would be met during the stay, including
                medication
           f) advising the responsible adult who to contact in the event of an
                emergency
           g) when appropriate enquiring during the stay how the child or young
                person was getting on
      11   Where consent to overnight stays rests with the Council and is delegated to
           the carer, then the child or young person may be allowed to stay overnight
           without undertaking a police check where the following applies:
           a) the period of stay is no more than 24 hours
           b) the child or young person is staying with a friend of a similar age who is
                under 18
           c) the child or young person will be in the care of a responsible adult
                (someone over the age of 18 who is deemed to have sufficient knowledge
                and experience of child care/parenting to be trusted with the care of
                someone else‟s child)
      12   The need for full agency checks will be necessary if the overnight stays
           become a regular pattern or for a period of 72 hours or more. Overnight stays
           will not be suspended pending the outcome of an assessment and Criminal
           Records Bureau check unless the Council has grounds for suspecting that the
           child may be at risk if they continue. Once the young person reaches 16
           years, parents are no longer able to withhold consent, in recognition of the
           right of young people to take a more active role in determining their lives.
           However, parental views will continue to be significant in any decision-
           making.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    The child‟s record provides evidence that:
           a) the request for an overnight stay has been properly considered
           b) the parents have been consulted, or if not, why not
           c) the child‟s views have been sought
      2    Details of overnight stays are clearly indicated including the names,
           addresses and telephone numbers of the people with whom the child is
           staying and dates of the visits.
      3    RAISE checks should be made on all overnight stay addresses and named            Placement of
           adults known to be responsible during an overnight visit. If the overnight       Children with
           stays become a regular pattern or for a period of 72 hours or more then full     Parents etc.
           statutory checks on the adults in the household should be instigated.

     No Task                                                 Responsible     Record required     Performance
                                                             officer         on RAISE            standard
     1     Inform the social worker whenever there is a      Foster          Case Recording      Immediately
           plan for a looked after child to stay overnight   carer/RSW       Sheet
           with another person.
     2     Make an assessment which must include:            Foster carer/   Case Recording      Immediately
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                  Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                              officer          on RAISE             standard
          a) Talking to the child about the friend and        residential      Sheet
              relative with whom it is proposed they          social worker/   Residential Log
              stay.                                           Social worker    Foster Carer Diary
          b) Speaking to the adults involved to check
              arrangements and be satisfied that the
              child will be safe
          c) Obtaining information about the parents
              and family
          d) Ensuring someone talks to the child when
              they return to check that they have not felt
              uncomfortable
          e) Taking into account the likely behaviour of
              the child
          f) The influence the friend, their friends and
              their family may have
          g) The risk the child may pose to others
          h) The risks the child may face
          i) The child‟s vulnerability
          j) The child‟s own wishes and feelings
          k) The views of the child‟s parents
     3    RAISE check on addresses and adults.             Social worker       Case Recording       Immediately
                                                                               Sheet
     4    If the assessment indicates that the child would    Social worker    Case Recording       Immediately
          not be at significant harm and the child is                          Sheet
          accommodated then there should be a
          discussion with the person who has parental
          responsibility as to whether the planned stay
          should go ahead. If there is disagreement be
          mindful that the Council does not have
          parental responsibility and therefore the
          decision remains with the person with parental
          responsibility.
     5    If the child is on a care order, wherever           Social worker    Case Recording       Immediately
          possible, consult the parent and take into                           Sheet
          consideration their views before reaching a
          decision.
     6    If the overnight stay becomes a regular pattern     Social worker    Case Recording       Within 42 days
          or is for a period of 72 hours or more, then full                    Sheet
          agency checks should be carried out on the
          person with whom the child would be staying.
          Placement with Parent etc. Regulations may be
          applicable.
     7    Prior to overnight stay: Meet with responsible      Foster carer/    Foster Care Diary Prior to
          adult, agree arrangement with adult, secure         residential      and copy            overnight stay
          address and telephone number of friends             social worker/   forwarded for child
          home, secure details of where the child will be     social worker    care file.
          staying, ensure adult understands health risks                       Log book
          including medication, give details to
          responsible adult of contact numbers in an
          emergency.
     8    If the checks have already been carried out by      Social worker    Case Recording       N/A
          another agency, for example education, then                          Sheet
          gain confirmation of those checks from the
          agency.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011


6.26 Looked After Children : Passport Applications

      Objective                    To ensure that children who are looked after by the Council have the
                                    same opportunities for travel as all children.
                               




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   United Kingdom Passport Agency 1994
                                   Guidance Notes for Social Service Directorates
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Council should not make application for a passport for a child who is
          accommodated under s20 of the Children Act 1989 except with the
          agreement of all people with parental responsibility for that child. In these
          circumstances, the parents or those with parental responsibility should sign
          the application form.
      2   To prevent a child‟s emigration, parents have the right to veto the issue of a
          passport. Agreement for application is therefore essential. If agreement is
          not forthcoming then legal advice needs to be sought.
      3   Children's Social Care are only entitled to apply for passports for a child in    Care Orders
          their care when they have parental responsibility. (Care Order Children Act
          89 Section 31 or Interim Care Order Section 38).
      4   In the above cases, Children's Social Care can apply for a passport on behalf
          of the child without the need for the consent of the child‟s parents or anyone
          else who has parental responsibility for the child.
      5   However, a person with parental responsibility should sign an application for
          a passport for a child who is subject to a Care Order, and be aware of the
          plans for travel outside of the United Kingdom. If there is a refusal to sign,
          the decision can be made by the relevant team manager.
      6   A Court must give permission for a child on a Care order to spend more than
          28 days outside of England and Wales.
      7   The United Kingdom Passport Agency have produced a leaflet outlining the
          circumstances in which an objection will be considered i.e. prohibited steps
          order in place or residence order in favour of objector etc.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   A letter that details the child‟s full legal status must accompany any passport
          application. Copies of any relevant Court Orders must also be attached.
      2   A passport is required for travel outside of the United Kingdom. It should be
          noted that it is also a means of identification that is recognised to enable
          children and young people to travel on both flights and sea travel to Northern
          Ireland, some internal flights within the United Kingdom and to the Channel
          Islands.

     No Task                                             Responsible        Record required      Performance
                                                         officer            on RAISE             standard
     1    Passport Application forms are obtainable from Foster Carer/      Case Recording       Once need
          Post Offices.                                  Residential        Sheet                identified
                                                         Social Worker/
                                                         Social worker
     2    The passport application needs to be           Social worker /    Section 10 Passport Within
          countersigned and the counter signatory must Team manager         Application form    timescales set
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011
     No Task                                              Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                          officer         on RAISE             standard
          hold a valid British or Irish passport and be                                        at LAC review
          willing to provide the passport number on the
          application form.
     3    Declaration must be completed for children      Team manager    Section 9 Passport   Within
          under the age of 16. The signatory of this is                   Application Form     Timescales set
          required to be a British National.                                                   at LAC review
     4    Additional assistance regarding completion of   Social worker   Case Recording       Within
          the forms may be obtained by contacting                         Sheet                timescales set
          Passport Adviceline 0870 521 0410.                                                   at LAC review
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.27 Looked After Children : Permanency Planning – Working with Birth Families and
                             Children

      Objective                    To ensure that decisions for permanence, whether adoption, long term
                                    fostering placements, residence orders, special guardianship order or
                                    reunification with parents are taken in a timely way for all children and
                                    young people, and in compliance with legislation, regulations and
                                    guidance.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Adoption and Children Act 2002
                                   Adoption Agencies Regulations 2005
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   Minimum Standards for Adoption Services 2011
                                   Minimum Standards for Fostering Services 2011
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Permanency is the framework of emotional, physical and legal conditions
          that give a child a sense of security, continuity, commitment and identity
      2   Achieving permanence for a child will therefore be a key consideration from
          the day a child becomes looked after. The Adoption & Children Act 2002
          require that the child‟s need for a permanent home is addressed at the 4
          month review and a plan for permanence made.
      3   The objective of planning for permanence is to ensure that all children have
          a secure, stable, and loving family to support them through childhood and
          beyond.
      4   For most children, the best prospect for a permanent family that meets their
          emotional, physical and legal needs will be with their own birth parents.
      5   Under the 1989 Children Act, where children cannot live with their birth
          parents, the preferred option is to seek a home for them with their extended
          family, where this is consistent with the child‟s welfare.
      6   For some children, neither of these options is possible. Other permanence
          options will therefore need to be explored. These include returning home to
          birth parents; care with wider family or friends; long term fostering;
          residence order; or special guardianship. Adoption can also offer children
          who are unable to return to their birth families a legally permanent new
          family, which they will belong to all their lives.
      7   Once a clear permanence option has been identified as the plan for the child
          at a review, the matter must be referred to the adoption and permanence
          panel within 2 months of that review if the child is not returning home.
      8   Birth parents have a right to give their account of events and to see what has
          been written about them in any reports for the adoption and permanence
          panel or the fostering panel, dependent on the details of the plan. They
          should be encouraged to contribute information about their own background,
          about the child‟s birth and early life, the birth family‟s views about adoption
          and contact and up to date information about themselves.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   The time scales set in the Adoption & Children Act 2002 should be met, with
          the reasons recorded if this is not possible. The relevant time scales are:
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
      Standards
          a) The child‟s need for a permanent home is to be addressed at the 4 month
              review and a plan for permanence made.
          b) Clear timescales are to be set for achieving the plan, which will be              LAC Review
              appropriately monitored and considered at every subsequent review.
          c) Where adoption has been identified as the plan for the child at a review,
              the adoption panel will make its recommendation within 2 months.
      2   Children will be given clear explanations and information about the plans for
          permanence, including timescales, and their views and wishes sought,
          appropriate to their age and understanding.
      3   Children will be well prepared before joining a new family, including clear
          appropriate information on their birth family, and early life, and information
          about the new family.
      4   Children will be matched with families who can best meet their needs, in
          particular, who reflect their ethnic origin, cultural background, religion and
          language; and enable them to live with brothers and sisters, unless this will
          not meet their individually assessed needs. If so, this must be clearly
          explained and recorded. They will not be left waiting indefinitely for a
          perfect family.

     No Task                                               Responsible       Record required        Performance
                                                           officer           on RAISE               standard
     1    At the 2nd LAC statutory review permanency       Reviewing         Statutory Review       At review
          plans for the child need to be identified taking officer           Form
          account of the fact that the preferred plan may
          not succeed. This could include a contingency
          plan. If Sec 20, referral can be made to the
          Permanency Planning Meeting to assist in
          developing the plan.
     2    If the case is currently subject to care         Social worker     Care Plan              Supported by
          proceedings then the twin track plan needs to                                             team manager
          be included in the court care plan.                                                       and reviewing
                                                                                                    officer
     3    Book panel date where permanency plan is          Social Worker    BAAF CPR and           Panel should
          anything other than a return home i.e. long       via Adoption     Support Plan           be no more
          term fostering, residence order, special          and              Assessment to          than 2 months
          guardianship, adoption                            Permanence       Commence               after the
                                                            Panel                                   review
                                                            Administrator                           decision
     4    Assessment completed includes explicit health     Social worker    BAAF CPR and
          and education needs, cultural interests and any                    Support Plan
          support or needs. Medical required.                                Medical before
                                                                             Panel
     5    Update/commence life-story work.                  Family Support   Life story book        Must be
                                                            Worker -                                commenced
                                                            Adoption Team                           before
                                                            in conjunction                          Matching
                                                            with Field                              Panel
                                                            Social Worker
     6    Attend Panel. Remember to consider support        Social worker    BAAF CPR               Completed 2
          plans and contact.                                                                        weeks before
                                                                                                    Panel
     7    Notification of panel decision to social worker. Panel             Internal memos         Within 14 days
                                                           Administrator     and Case Recording
                                                                             Sheet
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011


6.28 Looked After Children : Permanency Planning Meetings

      Objective                    To ensure that plans for permanence for looked after children are made
                                    in a robust and timely way, and in line with legislation and government
                                    guidance
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Children Act 1989;
                                   Adoption & Children Act 2002 and accompanying Regulations and
                                    government guidance;
                                   Every Child Matters agenda;
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008;
                                   Children & Young People‟s Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                    Looked After Children 2010


                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   All children need to be securely attached to adult carers who can provide          Permanency
          safe and positive care throughout their childhood, to enable them to meet          Planning
          the Every Child Matters five key outcomes of being healthy, staying safe,          Working with birth
          enjoying and achieving, making a positive contribution and achieving               families and
          economic well being.                                                               children
      2   For most children, the best place to grow up will be with one or both birth
          parents. However, for a small but significant number of children for whom
          there is no realistic prospect of their birth parents providing a basis for safe
          and effective parenting, alternative options for permanency should be
          considered. These include kinship care; special guardianship; residence
          order; long term/permanent foster care; adoption; residential care.
      3   Permanence is defined as the framework of emotional, physical and legal
          conditions that give a child a sense of security, continuity, commitment and
          identity. Permanence provides for physical, emotional, social, cognitive and
          spiritual well being, and promotes lifelong connections to extended family,
          siblings, other significant adults, family history and traditions, race and
          ethnic heritage, culture, religion and language.
      4   The child‟s need for a permanent home should be addressed and a                    LAC Reviews
          permanence plan made for all looked after children by the 4 month LAC
          review. This review should consider all the options for best meeting the
          child‟s welfare, including the need for stability and permanence.
      5   Different routes to permanence will be more or less appropriate depending
          on:
           the age of the child;
           the child‟s special needs, including disabilities;
           the child‟s relationship with their birth family and the likely relationship
               with siblings and the permanence plans for those siblings;
           any risks posed by the birth family to the stability of a permanent
               placement;
           the child‟s wishes;
           the birth parents‟ wishes;
           the range of alternative permanent placements available to the child (for
               example, whether there is anyone in the extended family who is able to
               offer safe and positive long term care and in what capacity).
      6   Unless the 4 month LAC review identifies clearly and unequivocally that a          LAC Review
          child will be able to return to the care of one or both birth parents within 4
          weeks of that LAC review, the case should be referred to the next
          permanency planning meeting. This will include those cases where the care
          planning, at that stage, is still twin tracking plans for rehabilitation home
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011

                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
          alongside other permanence options.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Permanency planning meetings are held on a monthly basis, usually on the
          3rd Wednesday in each month. A list of dates can be obtained form the
          Adoption and Permanence panel administrator, who will book cases in and
          set the agenda. All requests for a slot on the agenda must be received by the
          panel administrator at least 3 working days before the meeting is to be held.
          An e-mail will be sent by the administrator to all participants 2 working days
          before the meeting is held, confirming the timings.
      2   All permanency planning meetings are chaired by one of the service
          managers in Children‟s Social Care. Others who will be expected to attend
          will be the child care social worker, their manager, the team manager or
          senior practitioner from the Fostering and Placements team, the team
          manager or senior practitioner from the Adoption Services team, a
          representative from the Legal Services team and the children‟s guardian.
      3   It remains the responsibility of the child care social worker who is presenting
          a case to a permanency planning meeting to e-mail copies of key documents
          to all participants at least 3 working days before the panel is held. These
          should include any relevant information which will inform the meeting but
          should always include an initial and core assessment; the record of
          discussions and decisions from the 4 month LAC review; the initial health
          assessment and PEP, if available; and the minutes of any previous
          permanency planning meeting.
      4   The following issues will be discussed at the meeting:-
           The wishes and feelings of the child;
           The wishes and feelings of the birth parents;
           Whether the child can return home and what needs to happen to make
               that safe and appropriate;
           Whether there are friends or relatives who can look after the child and in
               what capacity;
           Planning for siblings and the need for any assessment about placing
               siblings together or apart;
           Views of current carers;
           Views of children‟s guardians;
           Actions in respect of any reports outstanding or needing to be
               commissioned;
           Preparation of/direct work with the child, including life story work;
           Clarity as to who will give the birth parents information, support and
               counselling about the permanence plan;
           current and future contact plans;
           contingency planning.
      5   Short minutes will be taken by the minute taker of the Adoption and
          Permanence panel using a standard template to record the discussions and
          decisions taken. This will ensure there is a consistent record of who attended
          the meeting, the plan for the child, the key tasks and those responsible for
          implementing them, the agreed timescales for the above, contingency plans
          and plans for review.
      6   Plans will be reviewed 3 months after the first meeting, with a decision
          taken at that time as to whether they need to be reviewed again and if so,
          with an agreed timescale for doing so.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011
     No Task                                                Responsible        Record required   Performance
                                                            officer            on RAISE          standard
     1    4 month LAC held. Unless this identifies clearly IRO;                LAC Review        Referral to the
          that the child will be able to return to the care Allocated social   papers;           next
          of one or both birth parents within 4 weeks of worker;               Case Recording    permanency
          that LAC review, the case should be referred to Team manager         Sheet             planning
          the next permanency planning meeting                                                   meeting
     2    All items for the agenda to be submitted to the Allocated socialAll relevant           At least 3
          Adoption and Permanence panel administrator worker;             information to be      working days
          at least 3 working days before the meeting is to Team manager   e-mailed to            before the
          be held, and documentation required e-mailed                    participants           planning
          to all participants.                                            including initial      meeting
                                                                          and core
                                                                          assessments,
                                                                          discussions and
                                                                          decisions from the
                                                                          4 month LAC
                                                                          review; initial
                                                                          health assessment
                                                                          and PEP where
                                                                          available, minutes
                                                                          of any previous
                                                                          permanency
                                                                          planning meeting.
     3    Adoption and Permanence panel administrator Adoption and        E-mail to all      At least 2
          to e-mail the agenda to all participants at least Permanence    participants       working days
          2 working days before the meeting is to be held panel                              before the
                                                            administrator                    meeting is
                                                                                             held
     4    Meeting held and short minutes taken              Adoption and  Minutes of         Minutes to be
                                                            Permanence    meetings;          e-mailed to all
                                                            Panel         Case Recording     participants
                                                            administrator Sheet              within 2
                                                                                             working days
                                                                                             of the meeting
     5    Reviews held as agreed                            Allocated     Case Recording     First review
                                                            worker;       Sheet              within 3
                                                            Team manager;                    months of the
                                                            IRO                              first & further
                                                                                             reviews as
                                                                                             agreed at that
                                                                                             point
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011


6.29 Looked After Children : Personal Education Allowances

      Objective                    To prevent looked after children and young people from falling behind
                                    their peers in their education.
                               




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004, sec. 52
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan, 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   All looked after children and young people, of statutory school age, and who
          are at risk of not reaching the national expected standards of attainment,
          are entitled to a personal education allowance (PEA).
      2   PEAs are intended to help us support the wide range of learning needs of          PEP
          looked after children, and give them access to additional learning and
          development activities, as identified in their personal education plan.
      3   The PEA should ensure that looked after children are making expected levels
          of progress in their education. It should promote their improved educational
          outcomes and life chances, and help them reach their full potential.
      4   The PEA will give looked after children greater access to extended services,
          personal tuition outside school, positive activities. This may help a child who
          is struggling with a specific subject at school or enhance the child‟s overall
          intellectual and creative development, such as attendance at a drama
          workshop.
      5   All children are expected to achieve at least:
           Level 2 in reading, writing and mathematics at key stage 1
           Level 4 in English and mathematics at key stage 2
           Level 5 in English and mathematics at key stage 3
           5A* - C grades at GCSE including English and mathematics or equivalent.
          All children are expected to progress at least 2 national curriculum levels in
          English and mathematics between each key stage from the age of 7. In key
          stage 1 most children are expected to progress at least 1 level, depending on
          their starting point. Support should not be focussed solely on children who
          are not reaching particular attainment thresholds, or who are on the
          borderline of particular attainment thresholds.
      6   There is no minimum length of time that a child needs to be looked after
          before an application is made for the PEA. We will pay attention to
          particularly vulnerable children who have:
           Recently become looked after
           Spent multiple periods in care
           Been placed out of borough or in a residential children‟s home
           Moved school, are not in main stream education or have additional
               learning needs
      7   It is possible for the Council to pool the budget for a group of children in
          their care where this would result in increased levels of support. For
          example, greater efficiency may be achieved by joint commissioning where a
          number of children have similar learning or developmental needs. Where it
          is decided to pool funding allocated for PEAs in this way children and young
          people affected should be consulted on this approach and it should be
          demonstrated how the joint provision links to the individual needs of the
          group of children and their PEPs.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   October 2011

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   A PEA of up to £500 per year will be made available for each looked after
          child who has been identified as eligible for additional support. It will be
          used to support the aims set out in the child or young person‟s personal
          education plan, and will be agreed as part of the discussion around their
          overall PEP and care plan.
      2   The PEA entitlement should not replace services that schools, Councils and
          carers already provide. This includes fostering allowances and other social
          care funding.
      3   The PEA is centrally and jointly held, by the LAC team manager and the
          Advisory teacher for looked after children. This allows resources to be
          targeted most effectively to meet assessed needs.
      4   The funding will be directed towards buying support for learning, such as
          providing support which is additional to strategies normally delivered within
          the school learning context, music lessons (or similar) or for out of school
          activities that support learning linked to the assessed needs of the young
          person.
      5   The personalised budget should be agreed between the social worker, the
          specialist teacher and the LAC team manager. The carer and the children
          themselves must be fully involved in decisions about what they need to do to
          support their learning. In addition the specialist teacher will provide
          oversight and challenge.
      6   Where possible the PEA application will form part of the PEP and will
          generally be completed within the PEP meeting; requests must be linked to
          the objectives on the most recent PEP, and should be appropriate to the age,
          ability and circumstances of the child.
      7   The PEA will be monitored 6 monthly as part of the regular PEP and LAC
          review process. Effectiveness will be judged against success criteria and
          meeting the objectives agreed for PEA on PEA application, i.e. evidence of
          raised attainment and engagement, improved levels of attendance, reduced
          levels of fixed term exclusions, improved behaviour patterns. The evaluation
          should include the views of the child and his/her carers as well as the social
          worker‟s.

     No Task                                               Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                           officer         on RAISE             standard
     1    During the PEP meeting, consideration will be    Social worker   PEP                  Within PEP
          given to whether the child is eligible for the                                        timescales
          PEA.
     2    Once agreed, the request for a PEA will be       Social worker   PEA application –    Prior to the
          passed to the LAC team manager/Advisory                          part of PEP          LAC review
          teacher/VSH for agreement.                                       paperwork
     3    Discussion can take place at the LAC review.     IRO             LAC review           Within LAC
                                                                           document             review
                                                                                                timescales
     4    Monitoring/evaluation will be 6 monthly, via     Social          PEP and LAC          Within LAC
          the PEP and LAC reviews.                         worker/IRO      review               review
                                                                           documentation        timescales
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.30 Looked After Children : Personal Education Plans

      Objective                    All carers actively promote education as valuable in itself and as part of
                                    preparation for adulthood for children. All children who are looked after
                                    are given the support they need to achieve their full potential.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   DoH Guidance on the Education of Children and Young People in Public
                                    Care LAC 2000 DoH LAC (94) 9 + 11
                                   SSI Standards Volume 3 - A Better Education for Children in Care
                                   Social Exclusion Unit September 2003
                                   Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   The Designated Teacher (Looked After Pupils)(England) Regulations 2009


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    All looked after children have a personal education plan which identifies
           their educational strengths and weaknesses and makes plans to promote their
           education.
      2    The child or young person will have an opportunity to contribute their views
           regarding the education they are receiving.
      3    The social worker will contact the child‟s school upon placement and
           establish contact names and how well educational needs are being met.
      4    Where a child is not attending a school upon placement, the social worker
           would liaise with the designated teacher for LAC at the child‟s school, and
           education colleagues in the LAC Team together with other relevant Children's
           Learning and Engagement colleagues e.g. SEN if the child has an statement
      5    The manager and Virtual School Head are responsible for ensuring that all       School Exclusions
           children are given the support they need to achieve their full potential.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    Children should feel that their education is important and that they are
           encouraged and helped to get the best out of educational opportunities.
      2    Children should have an appropriate setting in which to study and do
           homework.
      3    Children should have the necessary educational books and other requisites
           are purchased.
      4    The carer should understand their duty to support the young person in their
           education and promote achievement.
      5    Children in residential care should know their key worker takes a special
           interest in their education, and encourages and promotes their educational
           progress.
      6    The child‟s carer or key worker will attend open evenings and other relevant
           school events.
      7    That children confirm that staff from the home or foster carers attend open
           evenings and other school or college events.
      8    That children feel that they receive help and encouragement with
           educational activities, projects and homework.
      9    Children feel they receive good advice about education and careers.
      10   That children in residential care feel they can go to a member of staff with
           worries about their school or college work.
      11   Children and their parents feel that they are sufficiently involved in
           promoting their education.
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      12   That children feel that their educational needs are dealt with in a way that is
           non-stigmatising and respects their wishes and dignity.
      13   That children with a statement of educational need have their individual
           education plan incorporated into their personal education plan.
      14   That children in danger of school exclusion have a pastoral support plan in
           place.

     No Task                                              Responsible          Record required     Performance
                                                          officer              on RAISE            standard
     1     Inform the designated teacher for looked after Social Worker        Case file           Within 2
           children at the appropriate school that the                         Information Sheet   working days
           child has been accommodated.                                        for LAC
                                                                               Notification
     2     Inform the Looked After Children team's            Social worker to Case Recording      Within 2
           education worker that the child has been           check whether Sheet                  working days
           accommodated.                                      this has been    Information Sheet
                                                                               for LAC
                                                                               Notification
     3     Complete Section 1 and return to designated        Social worker    PEP (Form 1)        Within 2
           teacher.                                                                                working days
     4     Upon receipt of C9003 LAC Ed. staff will           LAC Ed staff   Case recording        Within 2
           forward SATS results.                                             sheet                 working days
     5     A PEP meeting is to be convened within 20 days     Designated     Case Recording        Within 20 days
           of accommodating and every six months as a         Teacher/Social Sheet
           minimum. During these meetings it will be          Worker/Educati Completed PEP
           decided whether application for a Personal         on Caseworker
           Education Allowance is appropriate.
     6     Completed PEP returned from designated             Designated       PEP                 Within 10
           teacher.                                           Teacher                              working days
     7     If PEP has not been returned a letter is to be     Social Worker    Letter
           sent request receipt with copy to Looked after
           children education support team.
     8     Copies to be distributed to:                       Admin            Case Recording      Within 2 days
           Foster Carer or LAC team                                            Sheet               of receipt
     9     Copy of PEP to be sent to parents if               Social Worker    Case Recording      Within 2 days
           appropriate.                                                        Sheet               of receipt
     10    Ensure that child has participated in              Reviewing        LAC Review of
           completion of Form PEP4.                           Officer          Arrangements
     11    Ensure that plans for the child including          Reviewing        LAC Review of
           Individual Education Plans and target setting is   Officer          Arrangements
           known to Social Worker and carers and forms
           part of the Review Decisions
     12    Prior to the 3rd Review Form PEP 3 and 4           Admin            Case recording      2–3 weeks
           should be sent to designated teacher for                                                before date
           completion of review, being mindful of school
           holiday periods when this may need to be sent
           earlier.
     13    Form PEP 1 should be updated if any element is     Social Worker    PEP                 When
           changed, revised PEP 1 to be sent to                                                    situation
           designated teacher.                                                                     arises
     14    Form PEP 4 is differentiated for children with     Social Worker/   PEP                  When
           differing ages and abilities. Use of Form PEP 4    designated                           situation
           SEN is not restricted to children with special     teacher                              arises
           educational needs and may be a preferred
           option to include views of younger children.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                              Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                          officer         on RAISE          standard
     15   Copies of any subsequent PEPs to be distributed Admin           Case Recording    Within 2 days
          to: LAC team, Foster Carer or Residential Unit,                 Sheet             of receipt
          Child, Reviewing Officer
     16   Subsequent PEPs to be distributed to parents if Social Worker   Case Recording    Within 2 days
          appropriate.                                                    Sheet             of receipt
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.31 Looked After Children : Personal Health Plans

      Objective                    To ensure that looked after children and young people have access to
                                    good quality health education and health care.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Children Act Guidance & Regulations
                                   DoH Guidance on Smoking and Alcohol LAC (94) 09
                                   SSI Standards Vol. 3
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Statutory Guidance: On Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                    After Children 2010
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   NICE/SCIE Guidance: The Physical Health and Emotional Well-being of
                                    Looked After Children 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Every looked after child should have a personal health plan within 4 months
          of being looked after.
      2   All carers shall play an active role in promoting all aspects of a child/ young
          person‟s health and co-ordinate the personal health plan.
      3   All child care plans should include health care arrangements which should be
          kept under review
      4   All carers shall be alert to the health care needs of children and young
          people from ethnic minorities and make sure they receive appropriate health
          care.
      5   Disabled children (looked after more than 120 days per year) often have
          extensive medical involvement and the health assessments are undertaken in
          a manner not to subject the child and family to additional appointments and
          examinations.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   That children and young people feel their health is important and that their
          awareness of a healthy life style is promoted.
      2   That children and young people feel that their health needs are dealt with in
          a way that is non-stigmatising, respecting their feelings and their wish for
          privacy.
      3   That children and young people are registered with a G.P. and a dentist and
          have access to any other services appropriate to their identified health
          needs.
      4   That children and young people know who has special responsibility to ensure
          that their health needs are dealt with.
      5   That children and young people feel that they have an adult who they can
          confide in about a health worry.
      6   That children and young people have the opportunity to develop an
          awareness of positive personal health care including; nutrition, hygiene,
          exercise, alcohol, drug and sexual health.
      7   The carer keeps an accurate and dated record of all health issues and
          treatment relating to the looked after child or young person.
      8   That young people are aware of their right to consent or refuse medical
          examination or treatment, and that younger children are aware that their
          wishes will be taken into account in any decision about medical examination
          or treatment.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      9   The health plan will be informed by the strengths and difficulties
          questionnaire results, where applicable.


     No Task                                                 Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                             officer           on RAISE             standard
     1    Preferably the child should remain with their      Social Worker /   Notification of      Within 2
          current G.P. If this is not appropriate register   Carer /           Amendments           working days
          child with a new G.P.                              Residential                            of placement
          RAISE to be updated                                Social Worker/                         starting
                                                             Foster Carer
     2    Complete consent to medical treatment and          Social Worker     EIR 1                Prior to or
          information gathering requests.                                      EIR 2                upon placing
                                                                               (Parental            child.
                                                                               Agreement to
                                                                               medical treatment)
     3    Parent or carer with parental responsibility to    Social Worker     Placement Plan       Within 2 days
          sign Agreement to medical treatment and send                         Part1                of placement
          immediately to the LAC Nurses admin assistant.
     4    Parent or carer with parental responsibility to    Social Worker     Health Care          Within 2 days
          sign consent to treatment examination and                            Arrangements for     of placement
          health assessment and information sharing                            Looked After
          regarding family health history and send                             Children
          immediately to the LAC Nurses admin assistant.
     5    Obtain photocopy of Personal Child Health          Social Worker     Case Recording
          Record if available.                                                 Sheet
     6    Ensure that parents and children are involved      Social Worker     Case Recording
          appropriate to circumstances                                         Sheet / completed
                                                                               relevant
                                                                               documentation
     7    Discuss with the young person a health           Social Worker       Case Recording    2 days of
          assessment, child‟s preferences, alternatives if                     Sheet             placement
          the child does not want a GP, confidentiality                                          starting
          issues
     8    Seek advice from manager or designated doctor Social Worker          Case Recording       2 days of
          for looked after children if all health                              Sheet                placement
          assessments are refused or complex issues                                                 starting
          about confidentiality arise
     9    Initial Health Assessment Section 1 and 2 to be LAC Nurses           LAC - Initial Health Prior to or
          completed                                                            Assessment           immediately
                                                                                                    after
                                                                                                    placement
     10   Ensure LAC Nurses are aware: name of looked        Social Worker     Information Sheet Immediately
          after child; address and telephone number of                         for LAC
          Carer; name of Social Worker                                         Notification C9003
     11   Send a letter to the designated doctor for         Health Admin      Letter to GP         Immediately
          Looked After Children,                                               LAC - Initial Health
          SAE,                                                                 Assessment
          Fee Claim Form AC0004                                                Guidelines
          and Guidelines for Social Worker/HV/GP                               LAC - Initial Health
          to GP except disabled children.                                      Assessment(Sect. 1
                                                                               and 2 completed
                                                                               by CSC)
                                                                               Copy Health Care
                                                                               Arrangements for
                                                                               Looked After
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                             officer          on RAISE              standard
                                                                              Children
                                                                              Medical
                                                                              Practitioners Claim
                                                                              Form
                                                                              S.A.E.
     12   The Health team lead on ensuring that an           LAC Nurses       Case Recording        2 days of
          appointment is made within 5-7 days of child       /Carer/          Sheet                 placement
          being looked after, with the child‟s family GP     Residential                            starting
          and child‟s parents or a carer who knows the       Social Worker/
          child except disabled children.                    Social Worker
     13   The Health team lead on ensuring Health            LAC Nurses       LAC - Initial Health Within 2 days
          Visitor and carers know of appointment and is      /Social Worker   Assessment/          of placement
          sent Letter from Agency Medical Advisor, Initial   /Admin           Health History
          Health Assessment (HV) to enable completion                         S.A. E.
          of Personal Child Health Record in time for                         Copy Health Care
          assessment by G.P.                                                  Arrangements for
                                                                              Looked After
                                                                              Children and
                                                                              LAC - Initial
                                                                              Assessment
                                                                              Guidelines
     14   Complete BAAF (IHA) form, amend PCHR and       Health Visitor       N/A                  5 days of
          forward to GP in time for the child‟s                                                    placement
          appointment                                                                              starting
     15   Completion of Initial health Assessment,(GP)   GP                   Completed
          and (HV), Fee Claims Form and return to Health                      LAC - Initial Health
          team.                                                               Assessment/
                                                                              Health History
                                                                              LAC - Initial Health
                                                                              Assessment on file
     16   Photocopies of IHA (GP) and IHA (HV)               Health Admin     LAC Health Team      Upon receipt
                                                                              file and data base
     17   Review of Health Information, completion of        LAC Nurses       LAC Health Plan      Upon Receipt
          Health Plan and return to Social Worker and
          copy to General Practitioner. Using the
          information sent to Community Medical Officer
          for LAC, LAC nurses will complete a Health Plan
          for disabled children without their requiring to
          be seen by a GP (Step 12)
     18   Discusses immediate needs and or referrals         LAC Nurses       LAC Health Plan       As required
          with Social Worker, and/or carers and GP,
          young person.
     19   Health Care Plan – Copy to and discuss with        LAC Nurses       LAC Health Plan
          carer and Social Worker. Copy to GP
     20   Discuss with parents if appropriate LAC Health     Social Worker    Case Recording        As required
          Plan (copy)                                                         Sheet
     21   Ensures immediate action points within LAC         Social Worker    Case Recording        As required
          Health Plan are addressed                                           Sheet
     22   Copy of Child Health Care Plan sent to             Health Admin     IRO LAC file
          Reviewing Officer                                  LAC Nurses
     23   Ensure Health Care Plan is being actioned.         Reviewing        LAC Review of         Within 28 days
          Ensuring child‟s wishes and feelings about         Officer          Arrangements
          confidentiality and health issues are respected
          within the review process.
          HEALTH REVIEWS
     24   Review Health Assessments should be carried        LAC Nurses       Health Review         Within
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                  Responsible        Record required    Performance
                                                              officer            on RAISE           standard
          out :                                                                  Form               timescales
          Children under 5 years old - at no more than 6
          monthly intervals,
          Children over 5 years old - at no more than 12
          monthly intervals.
     25   Appointment made by LAC Nurses in                   LAC Nurses         LACT file data base Within
          conjunction with carer, residential worker.                                                timescales
          Attending schools outside of Bournemouth LAC
          nurses will undertake the Health Review
     26   Seek advice from manager or LAC Nurses if all       Social Worker      Notification of
          health reviews are refused or complex issues                           Amendments
          about confidentiality arise.
     27   If all health reviews are refused or complex        LAC Team           Case Recording
          issues about confidentiality arise, there will be                      Sheet
          a discussion within the LAC Team.
     28   If the child or young person is living outside of   LAC Nurses         Record on health   Within
          Bournemouth, arrangements can be made for           they will          file.              timescales
          the review to be undertaken in their locality.      negotiate with     Review Health
          LAC Nurses can arrange for their counterparts       relevant health    Assessment (Child)
          to undertake this. The LAC Nurses will discuss      professionals in   Review Health
          with Social Worker and Carer regarding the          the locality and   Assessment (Young
          most suitable professional to undertake the         will forward       person)
          review. Or if a child or young person has a         BAAF Forms
          particular requirement this can be undertaken
          by their local GP or Community Paediatrician.       Social Worker to
          In all cases the previous health information        send claim form
          (BAAF Forms) should be forwarded to the             where needed
          health professional alongside Review Health         AC0004 and SAE
          Plan C8015 for completion, and a letter from        to LAC Nurses
          Agency Medical Advisor and AC0004 Medical
          Practitioners Claim Form should be included.
          If a child or young person declines a face to
          face Health Review, they will be sent a
          questionnaire to complete.
     29   Sections 1 and 2 of the Review Health Plan          LAC Nurses         Review Health Plan Within
          (BAAF) to be completed by the LAC Nurses.                                                 timescales
     30   Review Health Plan to be returned and               LAC Nurses         Case Recording     When
          discussed with Social Worker, and carer. (Copy                         Sheet              completed
          sent to Reviewing Officer and Fostering
          Supervising Social Worker/Residential
          Keyworker.)
     31   Copy of Review Health Plan sent and discussed       Admin, Social      Case Recording     When received
          with parent if appropriate.                         Worker             Sheet
     32   All children and young people should be             Foster carer,      Case Recording     At least every
          registered with and see a dentist regularly.        LAC Nurse          Sheet              6 months
          LAC Nurses have the facility to make
          arrangements for dental services if required.
     33   All children and young people should have           Social Worker      Case Recording
          access to optician if required.                     Foster carer,      Sheet
                                                              LAC Nurse          LAC Review of
                                                                                 Arrangements
     34   Children and young people should contribute to Foster carer,           Assessment and     As per
          their health planning                          residential             Action Records     schedule
                                                         Social Worker
                                                         and Social
                                                         Worker
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                             Responsible    Record required   Performance
                                                         officer        on RAISE          standard
                                                         LAC Nurse
     35   Children and young people should have access Reviewing        LAC Review of     Each Review
          to health information from home or residential Officer        Arrangements
          unit and also within educational curriculum.   LAC Nurse
          This will include information regarding sexual
          health and availability of local services for
          young people.
     36   RAISE to be updated                            Health Admin
     37   Ensure that Looked After Children nurses are   Social         Information Sheet Immediately
          aware of any changes: Social Worker,           Worker/Admin   for LAC            after any
          placement or return home                                      Notification C9003 significant
                                                                                           change of
                                                                                           circumstances
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.32 Looked After Children : Placement in Other Council Areas
      Objective                     To ensure that when a child is placed within another Council area that
                                     child is safeguarded and her/his welfare is promoted.
                                 




      Legal & Policy Status         The Children Act 1989 Section 23 & Schedule 2
                                    Children Act Guidance & Regulations
                                    The Children (Reciprocal Enforcements of Prescribed Orders) England,
                                     Wales, Northern Ireland) & (Scotland) Regulations 1996
                                    Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                     Looked After Children 2010
                                    The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    The wishes and feelings of the child about the proposed placement must be          Partnership with
           known and taken into account.                                                      Young People
      2    The decision to place the child in another Council area must have been
           reached as part of the care planning and review processes unless the young
           person is placed with Bournemouth foster carers who live outside the
           Council.
      3    Children's Social Care remains accountable for the statutory care planning         Review of
           and review responsibilities even if the day-to-day supervision is delegated to     Arrangements
           the receiving Council in the area in which the child is to be placed.
      4    Children's Social Care must formally notify the receiving Council of the
           placement so that they may maintain their record of looked after children
           living in the area. This is currently delegated to the Access to Resources
           Team.
      5    Children's Social Care must also notify other relevant official bodies of the
           placement and arrangements for supervision.
           These include:
           a) the Health Authority
           b) the Local Education Authority
           c) the child‟s GP
      6    If the child is subject to a safeguarding plan the child protection co-ordinator
           in the receiving Council must also be notified.
      7    If Children's Social Care arranges that the receiving Council will take over       Inter Agency Child
           supervision of the child then:                                                     Protection
           a) all the appropriate information on the child and her/his circumstances          Procedures
                should be forwarded to the receiving Council
           b) there should be a clear written agreement covering expectations of
                exchange of information, visits, reports, consultation and decision-
                making.
      8    The young person is subject to statutory reviews as normal. If the Council
           where they are placed is providing supervision of the placement, they must
           be included in the review.
      9    Where the move is to Scotland the Care Order can be transferred to a
           supervision requirement under the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 Sec 70 if the
           following conditions apply:
           a) The court has given consent
           b) The transferring Council have given their consent
           c) The receiving Council in Scotland has through the Principal (Children ‟s
                Hearing) Reporter notified the Court in England in writing that it agrees
                to take over the case
           d) The effect of the transfer is that the Care Order will cease to have effect
                in England and Wales.
      10   Where the child is moving to another jurisdiction in British Isles (including
           Channel Islands and Isle of Man) the effect of the Care Order may be
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
          transferred by virtue of Children Act 1989 Section 101.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Case records should indicate consideration of the child‟s wishes, feelings and   Care Plan
          views about the placement and how these have been taken into account.
      2   Agreement to supervise child and placement is ratified with other Councils.
      3   The child has an allocated social worker.
      4   The case record should give evidence of:
          a) the decision that the child should be placed in another Council
          b) formal notification of placement to the receiving Council and other
              relevant Councils
          c) the transfer of appropriate information to the receiving Council
          d) reports on progress, of each visit and reviews
          e) any decisions required to safeguard or promote the child‟s welfare
      5   The LAC system and standards applying to the care planning and review            Care Plan
          processes are complied with.                                                     LAC Review
      6   Education at Key stage 4 cannot be disrupted unless it is in the child‟s
          interest and all parties have been consulted. The Director of Children‟s
          Services must sign off a plan if it involves a change of school at KS4.

     No Task                                                Responsible     Record required Performance
                                                            officer         on RAISE        standard
     1    RAISE amendment form to be completed to           Social worker                   Immediately
          reflect the change of placement.
     2    Inform the Council with whom you wish to          Social worker or Notification of   Immediately
          place that the child is living in their area.     Contracts Team Placement or
                                                                             Change of
                                                                             Placement of LAC
                                                                             (LACT13)
                                                                             and letter
     3    Inform health and education of the placement      Social worker    Information Sheet Immediately
          and make arrangements for supervision.                             for LAC
                                                                             Notification
     4    The young person should be registered with a      Carer or RSW     Case Recording    Within 7 days
          new G.P. and the current G.P. must be                              Sheet
          informed of the change of address.
     5    Check that the child has a new G.P.               Social worker   Case Recording     After first visit
          RAISE to be updated.                                              Sheet
                                                                            Notification of
                                                                            Amendments
     6    If the child is subject to a safeguarding plan:   Social worker   Case record and    Immediately
          the custodian of the receiving Council must be                    letter
          informed; the custodian of Bournemouth Child                      B'mth Area Child
          Protection register must be informed.                             Protection
                                                                            Committee -
                                                                            Child Protection
                                                                            Register (ACPC5)
     7    Decide whether the receiving Council will         Social worker   Letter and         As circumstances
          undertake the statutory visits. If no, then the                   Case Recording     dictate
          full responsibility lies with Bournemouth as if                   Sheet
          the child was living in their own area.
     8    Decide whether the receiving Council will         Social worker   Letter and/or      As circumstances
          undertake the statutory visits. If yes:                           Case Record on     dictate
                                                                            Case Recording
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                             Responsible     Record required Performance
                                                         officer         on RAISE        standard
                                                                         Sheet
     9    Contact LAC administrator to request that a    Social worker   Case Recording  Immediately
          reviewing officer from Bournemouth can take                    Sheet
          the case on and arrange a review. Follow
          Review Procedures.
     10   Hold a review chaired by a reviewing officer   Reviewing       LAC Review or      Within 28 days
          from Bournemouth.                              officer         Arrangements       of
                                                                                            placement
                                                                                            commencing
     11   Give all necessary information to the receiving Team manager    Review report,    At review
          Council about the needs and circumstances of                    relevant
          the child.                                                      information
     12   Check that arrangements are in place for the    Team manager    Case Recording    At review
          regular exchange of information.                                Sheet
                                                                          LAC Review of
                                                                          Arrangements
     13   Agree visiting patterns.                        Team manager Review report        At review
     14   Arrange reporting and recording arrangements. Team manager Review report          At review
     15   Arrange support for the placement.              Social worker & Review report     At review
                                                          Team manager
     16   Continue to arrange statutory reviews.          Reviewing       Review minutes    At review
                                                          officer
     17   If the child moves to Scotland then arrange a   Reviewing       Letter and case   N/A
          review to determine whether applications        officer         records
          should be made to transfer the care order to a
          supervision requirement under the Children
          (Scotland) Act 1995, s70.
     18   The relevant Council in Scotland will take over N/A             N/A               N/A
          the supervision of the case if the order is
          made.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.33 Looked After Children : Placements Plans – Parts 1 and 2

      Objective                    To ensure that placements are properly planned and everybody involved
                                    in the process knows what they, and others, are doing to achieve
                                    satisfactory outcomes for children who are being looked after.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Children Act 1989, Looked After Children procedures. HMSO (1995)
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   The Accommodated Children‟s visit Arrangements Regulations 2010
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   Children‟s Homes (amended) Regulations 2011


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The placement plans should ensure that there are identifiable and
          measurable objectives in line with ECM 5 outcomes set for each child or
          young person who is looked after by the Council.
      2   The placement plans should ensure that there is an identifiable plan which
          demonstrates how these objectives will be achieved.
      3   The placement plans should clearly indicate what are the roles and
          expectations of all people mentioned in the plan.
      4   It is vitally important that carers are provided with additional information
          where the proposed placement may create risk, particularly to other children
          in the household.
      5   The placement plan as part of the care plan should be reviewed at the child‟s
          statutory review.
      6   This applies to children subject to care orders who are placed with their       Placement with
          parents.                                                                        parents


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Placement plan part one must always be completed before a child is left in      Pre Placement
          any placement ideally at the pre placement meeting or within 48 hours in the    Meeting
          case of an emergency placement.
      2   Placement plan part two should also be completed before a child is left in a
          placement. If this is not possible then it must be completed within 14
          working days of the commencement of the placement.
      3   Copies of plans must be shared with the relevant parties. A copy should be
          placed in the child‟s „blue book‟.
      4   Children must be involved in making plans to promote their welfare and for
          their future, according to their age and ability. Children should be
          encouraged to attend their review and understand the plans that are in place
          for them.

     No Task                                             Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                         officer          on RAISE             standard
     1    Placement plan (part 1) must be completed.     Social worker    Placement Plan       Before
                                                                          Part 1               placement
                                                                                               commences or
                                                                                               within 48
                                                                                               hours if an
                                                                                               emergency
     2    Completed copy of placement plan part 1 to     Social worker    LAC Forms            Before
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                              Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                          officer         on RAISE             standard
          carers, parents and send to independent                         Distribution to be   placement
          reviewing team. LAC Form distribution list to                   updated              commences or
          be updated.                                                     LAC file             within 48
                                                                                               hours if an
                                                                                               emergency
     3    Completed copy of placement plan part 1 on      Social worker   Copy on file         Immediately
          file and in child‟s „blue book‟.
     4    Placement plan part 2 must be completed.        Social worker   Placement Plan       Within 14 days
                                                                          Part 2               of placement
     5    Completed copy of placement plan part 2 to      Social worker   LAC Forms            Within 14 days
          carers, parents and send to independent                         Distribution to be   of placement
          reviewing team. LAC Form distribution list to                   updated
          be updated.                                                     LAC file
     6    Completed copy of placement plan 2 on file      Social worker   Copy on file         Immediately
          and in child‟s „blue book‟.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012


6.34 Looked After Children : Placement with Parents of Children Subject to a Care Order

      Objective                    To ensure the welfare and protection of children who are in the care of
                                    the Council but for whom a decision is made to place them with parents
                                    or other people with parental responsibility including a person with whom
                                    a residence order was in force before the care order was made.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   The Children and Young Person‟s Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    This procedure and relevant regulations only apply to children subject to a       Care Order
           Care Order under Section 31 of The Children Act 1989 or an Interim Care
           Order under Section 38 of The Children Act 1989.
      2    The regulations take into account that in everyday life, the older child
           increasingly accepts responsibility for his own decisions and parents gradually
           relinquish their control accordingly. Therefore, to reflect this for the
           placement of children aged 16 or over, only some sections of the regulations
           apply.
      3    These procedures apply to any stay of 24 hours or overnight stays which may
           not exceed 24 hours.
      4    The Children Act places emphasis on the right of children/young people to be
           involved in decision-making affecting their welfare and requires their
           involvement in the Council‟s planning for the future, subject only to the
           understanding of the child/young person.
           In everyday life, the older child increasingly accepts responsibility for his
           own decisions and parents gradually relinquish their control accordingly.
      5    The term parent in this context refers to a parent or other person with           Residence Order
           parental responsibility; or a person in whose favour a Residence Order was in
           force before the Care Order was made.
      6    The placement of a child, (who is subject to a Care order), with relatives or     LAC
           friends other than described above will be subject of Care Planning,              Immediate
           Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010 for an immediate placement,            Placements
           Regulation 38 Foster Services Regulations 2011.
      7    Before making a placement the Council is required to undertake all necessary
           enquiries and assessments.
      8    These regulations do not prevent an immediate placement of a child where it
           is in their best interests.
      9    Children should not be placed outside of England and Wales unless all the
           requirements of the Regulations can be met so far as is reasonably
           practicable. The effect of such a placement on parental contact must be
           considered.
      10   No placement of a child in care outside of England and Wales is permitted
           unless the Council have obtained the approval of a court.
      11   If the child or any other child/ren of the proposed household has been
           subject of a child protection conference then serious consideration should be
           given as to whether a conference is convened. All relevant agencies should
           be advised of proposed plans.
      12   The move under these regulations constitutes a change in the Care Plan and a      Care Plans
           review must be called to change the Care Plan.                                    Reviews
      13   Placements should be terminated if the placement is no longer in the child‟s
           best interests.
Reviewed            September 2010
Agreed by CSMT      October 2010
Next Review Date    April 2012



                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Children in care should in the main only be placed with parents where the
          plan is to actively work towards the discharge of the care order.
      2   However, a plan for a child may envisage that the child spends regular
          periods with parents and yet remain in either a placement subject to Foster
          Placement Regulations or a residential/educational establishment. This
          combination of care arrangements would be subject of Placement with
          parents procedures.
      3   Termination of placements should take place in a planned way wherever
          possible.
      4   For placements in another Council see the policy on placements in other local          Placement in other
          authorities.                                                                           Council areas
      5   Children placed with parents retain their looked after status, whilst they
          remain on a care order, and they therefore remain within the scope of the
          LAC system.

     No Task                                                    Responsible      Record required Performance
                                                                officer          on RAISE        standard
     1    SEEKING APPROVAL                                      Team manager     Case Recording  See Procedures
          Be aware that if a child on a care order is                            Sheet
          placed with parents who live out of
          Bournemouth‟s area then consideration needs
          to be given to the „Placement in other
          Councils‟ Policy.
     2    Ensure that such a placement would not be             Social worker    Legal File         Before
          incompatible with any section 34 order made                            Case Recording     Commencement
          by the court.                                                          Sheet
     3    Establish whether the child or any other child        Social Worker    Case Recording     Prior to seeking
          of the household has been subject of a                                 Sheet              approval for any
          conference.                                                                               change in
                                                                                                    placement
     4    If the child or any other child of the household      Team Manager /   Management         Prior to seeking
          has been subject of a Child Protection                Senior           Decision Sheet     approval for any
          conference, serious consideration should be           Practitioner     Case Recording     change in
          given as to whether a Child Protection                Responsible      Sheet              placement
          Conference should be re-convened.                     Officer
     5    Convene Look After Children Review.                   Social Worker    LAC Review of      See Procedures
          All relevant agencies to be advised of proposed                        Arrangements
          plans.
     6    Continue work to prepare report to seek               Social Worker
          approval of the placement.
          a) Visit(s) to the prospective carer(s) for
               discussion about possible placement.
               Ensure that all parties are clear about the
               aims and objectives of the placement
          b) Collect factual information about the
               household and gain permission(s) to
               undertake necessary enquiries
          c) Complete social history of all members of
               the household
          d) Ensure that a clear understanding is
               obtained regarding the plans that have
               been made for the child whilst in care.
               Detail the outcomes of these and any
               effect on the child. Identify any risk factors
               that may transfer or arise within the
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012
     No Task                                              Responsible      Record required Performance
                                                          officer          on RAISE        standard
              proposed placement.
          e) A full assessment of the risk, detailing
              significant elements of the proposed
              placement
          f) The view in detail of those concerned with
              the proposal should be included. If a
              conference has been convened the minutes
              should be attached to the report.
          g) The views of the child should be sought
          h) The responses to the existing or previous
              concerns about the child should be
              examined and detailed within the proposal.
          i) Views from any professional involved within
              the proposed household or with the child
              should be included in the report.
          j) Specific and detailed proposal for
              supervision should be included in the
              Placement Agreement Form and attached
              to the report. This will not only detail the
              supervision by the Council but also the
              work and visits proposed by other agencies.
          k) A summary should be given which balances
              the risk factors in an objective way and
              gives clear reasons for the
              recommendations to place the child with
              the family.
     7    Undertake agency checks: Police Education        Social Worker   Case Recording   Immediately
          Probation Health                                                 Sheet

     8    Details on police check forms should be         Social worker    Case Recording   At time of
          checked against birth certificates or other                      Sheet            signing consent
          identifying documents for adults in the                                           to checks
          household not party to the care proceedings.
     9    Any new information should be updated on        Social worker    Case Recording   Immediately
          RAISE.                                                           Sheet
     10   Report to be concluded, outcomes of checks to   Social worker    Report           Documentation
          be recorded, copy of child protection                                             to be signed by
          conference minutes if appropriate and                                             Team Manager
          Placement Agreement to be attached and sent                                       within 2 days of
          to Service Manager approval.                                                      completion
     11   Approval or dissent.                            Service Manager Report            Within 10 days
                                                                                            of receipt of
                                                                                            documentation
          THE PLACEMENT
     12   Notification of change of placement to: Virtual Social Worker    Information Sheet Immediately
          School Head, Designated Teacher, Looked After                    for LAC
          Children Team, Looked After Children Nurses,                     Notification
          GP and any other relevant professionals.
     13   Inform other parent or person with parental      Social Worker   Letter           Immediately
          responsibility involved with the child, prior to
          the care proceedings. (Subject to whereabouts
          being known).
     14   RAISE to be updated.                             Social Worker   Notification of Immediately
                                                                           Amendment Form
     15   The child remains subject to Looked after
          Children Arrangements.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012
     No Task                                               Responsible     Record required    Performance
                                                           officer         on RAISE           standard
     16   Personal Health Plans and PCHR – copy to be      Social Worker   Health Plan        Prior to
          given to parent.                                                 Looked After       placement
                                                                           Children(C8018)
                                                                           and PCHR
     17   Personal Education Plans – copy to be given to   Social worker   Personal           Prior to
          parent.                                                          Education Plan -   placement
                                                                           LAC(PEP)
     18   Looked After Child Review to be held.            Social Worker   Follow             Within 28 days
                                                                           Procedures         of placement
     19   Visiting Requirements. Minimum to be             Social Worker   Case Recording     Minimum –
          followed, however needs of child and                             Sheet              within 7 days of
          placement will reflect in increased schedule.                                       placement.
                                                                                              Every six weeks
                                                                                              for first year.
                                                                                              Every 12 weeks
                                                                                              thereafter
          PREPARATION FOR PLACEMENT AND THE
          PLACEMENT DECISION
          NB: It is recognised that in many instances,
          young people will vote with their feet; in such
          cases the steps need to be followed
          retrospectively.
          Therefore, to reflect this for the placement of
          children aged 16 or over, only some sections of
          the Regulations apply.
          a) the Council must be satisfied that the
              placement of a child is the most suitable
              way of performing their duty under Section
              22 (3) of the Act (General Duty of Council
              in respect of children looked after by
              them) and that the placement is the most
              suitable having regard to all the
              circumstances. (Regulation 4)
          b) the placement should only take place after
              the normally delegated placement decision
              has been made (Regulation 5)
          c) the procedures for placements outside
              England and Wales and termination of
              placements apply (Regulations 10 and 11).
              However, not withstanding the above, the
              Council will need to consider how far to
              apply the principles of the other
              Regulations in the arrangements for such
              cases, depending on the maturity of the
              child and the individual circumstances.
     1    Social worker discusses possible placement       Social worker   Supervision Note   As appropriate
          with supervisor. Decision taken as to whether                                       and in
          to apply only the minimum requirements                                              keeping with
          (below) Dependant on the maturity of the                                            the child‟s care
          child, and their individual circumstances any of                                    plan
          the procedural requirements for children aged
          0–16 may need to be applied.
     2    Minimum Requirements
     3    a) Views of young person sought                  Social worker   Case recording     As appropriate
          b) Views of carers sought.                                                          and in
          c) Placement Agreement Form completed.                                              keeping with
          d) No young person can be placed outside of                                         the
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012
     No Task                                             Responsible      Record required Performance
                                                         officer          on RAISE        standard
              England and Wales without the approval of                                   child‟s care
              the Court.                                                                  plan
          e) Agency checks undertaken (Police, health,
              Probation and Education)
     4    Relevant paper work presented to Service         Service Manager Service Manager   Within 10 days
          Manager for decision. Placement decision         - Placements    agreement         of receiving
          made.                                            Services                          documentation
     5    Placement follow Steps 12–19                     Social worker
          PLACEMENT WITH PARENTS – TERMINATION OF PLACEMENT
     1    Decision to terminate placement                  Service Manager Case Recording
                                                                           Sheet
     2    Planned Moves: Notification of the decision to Social worker     Case Recording    Within 2
          terminate a placement must be sent in writing                    Sheet             working days
          to:
           the child having regard to age and                             Letter
              understanding,
           the carer(s), parent or qualifying person
              where not the carer.
          When the child is moved to new placement
          amend RAISE.
     3    Unplanned Moves:                                 Social worker   Letter            Within 2
          Notification that placement has been                                               working days
          terminated to:
           The carer(s) parents and other qualifying
              persons, health, education, the child‟s G.P.
              any other Council involved in the
              placement decision and any other person
              whose views were sought pre-placement.
Reviewed             September 2010
Agreed by CSMT       October 2010
Next Review Date     September 2011



6.35   Looked After Children : Pocket Money and Savings

       Objective                     To make clear the Council‟s commitment to preparing young people for
                                      adulthood, and encouraging a philosophy of saving for the future
                                  




       Legal & Policy Status         The Children Acts 1989 & 2004
                                     The Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000
                                     Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                     The Children and Young Persons Act 2008.
                                     The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                     Planning Transition to Adulthood for Looked After Children Guidance
                                     The Children (Leaving Care) (England) (Amendment) Regulations [2010]


                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
       Key Points
       1   The Council wants the best possible outcomes for looked after children. One
           of the 5 ECM outcomes is „achieving economic wellbeing‟. Part of this relates
           to learning how to manage money, and save for the future.
       2   The Council expects all those caring for looked after children and young
           people to set up bank accounts for them, and to use a proportion of the
           weekly allowance as regular saving for them. This applies to foster carers and
           to children‟s homes.
       3   In addition to this children and young people should themselves be encouraged
           to save from their pocket money. Carers are free to offer incentives to young
           people, for example, matching what they save, over and above the amount
           the carer will save as a minimum, or to invite children and young people to
           earn additional savings by doing age appropriate chores around the house.
       4   Clearly not all pocket money is for saving and children also need to learn to
           spend money wisely. Carers should provide children and young people with a
           level of pocket money for :-
                 the child/young person to have the ability to have some spending
                    power on a regular basis
                 the child/young person to have an understanding of the value of
                    regular saving which accumulates over time, and enables them to buy
                    bigger or special items
       5   With teenagers it is good practice to gradually enable them to manage larger
           amounts of money, for example to use the clothing element of the allowance
           to purchase their own clothes. Carers are also encouraged to agree with young
           people who pays for leisure activities, mobile phones, bus fares etc. Thus
           young people can make mistakes and learn from them whilst still in a safe and
           supportive environment.
       6   Carers may, where a Child Trust Fund is set up, choose to save for the child by       Child Trust Funds
           making payments into this. Child Trust Funds can only be accessed by the
           child/young person when they reach the age of 18, so this type of saving is for
           adulthood and the longer term.
       7   Social workers will assist carers if they experience any difficulties in setting up
           savings accounts
       8   Responsibility to provide pocket money should not be withdrawn without                LAC review
           consultation via the LAC review, if a young person becomes eligible for any
           type of benefit or begins earning


                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
       Standards
       1    Foster carers and residential staff are required to save a minimum of 5% of
            the overall allowance for the child‟s or young person‟s future.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   September 2011

                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      2   A savings account should be set up for this purpose. This may be done at any
          time, after the child or young person becomes looked after, but must be
          done within one year of this. Deposit accounts with 90 day access facilities
          and co-signatory facilities should be used.
      3   Alternatively, where a child has a Child Trust Fund,this may be used.
      4   At the LAC review held 10 months after the child became looked after the
          IRO will confirm arrangements are in place
      5   Through the review process, levels of pocket money and measures used to
          encourage the child/young person to save for themselves from their pocket
          money will also be discussed, along with any incentives foster
          carers/residential staff may use to encourage this
      6   Carers will support children and young people in developing their skills in
          managing money, whilst they are in placement. With teenagers, the
          „preparing for Independence‟ pack can be used to assist in this.
      7   Savings and management of pocket money should be discussed within the                 Keyworking
          foster carers/residential workers supervision/keyworker sessions
      8   If the young person changes placement their savings book should move with
          them
      9   Pocket money cannot be withheld as fines, but deduction can be made for a
          contribution to repairing damage or repaying theft. Written records of this
          should be made.

     No Task                                                  Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                              officer          on RAISE              standard
     1    When young person becomes looked after, the         Child‟s social    IPC                  Pre-placement
          child‟s social worker should confirm levels of      worker
          pocket money within the Individual Placement
          Contract
     2    The carer will confirm whether they intend to       Foster/          IPC                   Pre-placement
          use the Child Trust Fund, or a savings account      residential
          for the child                                       carer
     3    The child‟s social worker will give assistance if   Child‟s social   Case recording        Within case
          needed, to set up regular monthly payments          worker                                 recording
          from the allowance into the Fund or savings                                                requirements
          account
     4    The carer and child will agree how the child        Foster/          Diary/ log            See diary/ log
          wants to save a portion of their pocket money       residential
                                                              carer
     5    These arrangements will be reviewed through         IRO              LAC review            As for LAC
          the LAC review process                                               paperwork             reviews
     6    The carer will work with the child/ young           Foster/           Diary/log            See diary/ log
          person in an age appropriate manner, to help        residential
          them develop the skills to manage money             carer
          wisely
     7    If financial reparation from the child‟s pocket     Foster           Diary/ log            a/a
          money is deemed appropriate this should be          /residential
          discussed with the child‟s social worker before     carer
          the money is deducted
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

6.36 Looked After Children : Pre-placement and post-placement meetings
      Objective                    To ensure all children who are looked after have the best possible chance
                                    of settling well in their placement, and that all parties are clear about
                                    what is expected of them
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Acts 1989 & 2004
                                   The Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   The Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care of Children: Principles and Practice Regulations and Guidance,
                                    DoH, HMSO 1989
                                   National Minimum Standards for Fostering & Residential Care 2011
                                   Children‟s Social Care Complements/Complaints procedures
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Planning Transition to Adulthood for Looked After Children Guidance
                                   The Children (Leaving Care) (England) (Amendment) Regulations [2010]
                                   Children‟s Homes (amended) Regulations 2011
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Council wants the best possible outcomes for looked after children. One
          of the best ways to ensure this is to plan any placement well, and to make        Matching process
          sure child, carers, social worker, parents, and all other parties, know exactly
          what will happen, and what is expected of them, ideally before the
          placement begins.
      2   This policy also covers Pathway Carer placements.

      3   A pre-placement meeting should take place, up to three days before the            Essential
          child moves to the new placement. At that meeting any necessary LAC               Information
          paperwork can be completed, with all parties present. Some of the details         Records
          which are so important to successful placements, such as the child‟s              Placements Plans
          routines, likes and dislikes for meals, how contact will work can be discussed
      4   If for any reason it is impossible to hold a meeting before the child moves
          into the placement, a post-placement meeting should be held within 72 hours       As above
          of the child‟s placement. The purpose of this meeting is the same


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   The child‟s social worker must ensure the appropriate people are invited to a
          pre-placement meeting. This will include:-
               the child
               the proposed carers
               the child‟s social worker
               the supervising social worker, or the residential worker or team
                  manager
               the child‟s parents, as appropriate
      2   The child‟s social worker and for in-house placements, the supervising social
          worker or residential team manager share responsibility for setting the
          meeting up in advance of the placement beginning.
      3   The child‟s social worker is responsible for completing all relevant LAC          EIR records
          paperwork, and providing copies for the child‟s Blue Book, held by the foster     Placement Plans
          carer.                                                                            Blue Books
      4   The supervising social worker/ residential manager is responsible for ensuring
          the child has information about the placement, including the information
          packs to take away
      5   In most cases it will be appropriate to share a similar level of information
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
      Standards
           about the placement with the child‟s parents. There are some occasions
           though, where this is not appropriate. The child‟s social worker will, in all
           cases, confirm the position in advance of the meeting
      6    There are contractual matters to be agreed at this meeting as well. It
           provides a forum for completing the Individual Placement Contract, which           Access To
           covers practical details, like pocket money, transport arrangements etc. and       Resources Team
           also the outcomes being sought for the child, during the course of the
           placement. Completion of this is the responsibility of the child‟s social
           worker. Using this meeting as a forum for completing the IPC ensures all
           parties are clear about the practical details, and what we are trying to
           achieve in making the placement. Once completed the social worker will
           return to the Access To Resources Team.
      7    Where the placement is an external resource, either an independent
           fostering agency or a private residential provider, the Access To Resources
           Team will share responsibility with the child‟s social worker, for ensuring this
           meeting is set up. All other aspects of the meeting will be the same as for in-
           house placements.
      8    In rare circumstances, the placement may be an emergency placement, and
           setting up/holding the meeting in advance of placement will be impossible. It      Information packs
           is then the child‟s social worker‟s responsibility to ensure the child has at      EIR 1, Placement
           least written information and photographs about the placement before the           Plan 1.
           worker actually arrives at the placement with the child. The worker is also
           required to complete basic information, on LAC paperwork, leaving a copy
           with the carers. In these circumstances, a meeting must be convened within
           72 hours of the placement beginning. All aspects of this meeting are the
           same as for a pre-placement meeting
      9    At these meetings, the child‟s social worker will ensure the child, where of       The Promise
           an age to understand them, is given a copy of the leaflets:-                       What You Can
                 The Promise                                                                 Expect From Us
                 What You Can Expect From Us                                                 Advocacy
                 The Advocacy Service leaflet                                                Participation
                 The latest copy of Free2Talk,
                 The participation service leaflet
                 Compliments/complaints
           At future meetings, the child‟s worker can ensure the child fully understands
           the commitments we make to them as a looked after child.
           Even where children are unable to read, the content of these leaflets should
           be explained to them, by their worker, as soon as they are able to
           understand the concepts.
           We intend to publish these leaflets in a range of age appropriate and
           accessible formats, in due course.
      10   It is essential that, when planning for entry into the „looked after‟ system,
           these meetings also consider timescales and plans for the child(ren)/young
           person to return home.

     No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                             officer          on RAISE             standard
     1     At the point of referral for a placement, the     Allocated social Case recording       See case
           child‟s social worker must begin planning the     worker                                recording
           pre-placement meeting.
     2     As soon as the proposed placement is identified   Child‟s social
           the supervising social worker/residential team    worker/          As above             As above
           manager and the child‟s social worker must        supervising
           agreed date/time/venue of the meeting, and        social worker or
           those to be invited. If the placement is an       residential team
           emergency and the meeting is impossible, pre-     manager
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                Responsible      Record required   Performance
                                                            officer          on RAISE          standard
          placement, it must be convened within 72
          hours of the placement taking place
     3    Where the placement is an external placement,     ART worker
          the above responsibility will be shared between   Child‟s social   As above          As above
          the ART and the child‟s social worker             worker
     4    During the meeting, the child‟s social worker                                        See LAC
          will ensure all relevant LAC paperwork and the    Child‟s social   LAC paperwork     paperwork and
          IPC are completed                                 worker           IPC               IPC
     5    During the meeting, the supervising social        Supervising
          worker/residential manager will ensure the        social worker/ Case recording      See case
          child, and the parent as appropriate, has         residential team                   recording
          information about the placement, including an     manager
          information pack which they can keep
     6    During the meeting the child‟s social worker      Child‟s social
          will ensure the child has the range of            worker           Case recording    See case
          information/ leaflets noted in „standards‟                                           recording
          above
     7    Plans made during this meeting will be            Child‟s social
          reviewed as part of the LAC review process        worker           LAC review        See LAC
                                                            IRO              documentation     review
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.37 Looked After Children : Protocol for Joint Funded Placements

      Objective                    To ensure an appropriate response to the care arrangement for children
                                    with complex needs
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Children Act 1989 & 2004
                                   National Assessment Framework 2003
                                   Education Act 1981
                                   Joint Purchasing Panel Terms of Reference
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Health Continuing Care Policy 2010
                                   Section 39 of the Health Act 1999
                                   Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation
                                    for Looked After Children 2010
                                   Children, Schools and Families Act 2010
                                   Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                    After Children 2010
                                   Care Planning, Placement & Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   This protocol has been written to provide a structured framework for joint
          consideration and decision making where there is a requirement for a multi-
          agency response to the care arrangements for children with complex needs.
          It takes account of the Health Continuing Care Policy and statutory powers in
          Section 39 of the Health Act 1999.
      2   As such, it will cover children who have a statement of special education
          needs (or who are being assessed towards such a statement), and children
          who have specialist health care needs and where there is a recognised need
          for the Children's Social Care to provide family support and/or respite
          accommodation services.
      3   The response to need is the shared ownership, and responsibility, of the
          statutory agencies.
      4   It is recognised, that on occasions, the legal/tribunal framework within which
          each agency works may make decisions which impact on this agreement (e.g.
          decisions made in Care Proceedings or an SEN Tribunal). Where possible,
          inter-agency discussions will take place before the matter is considered by a
          court/tribunal.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Inter-agency or inter-departmental disputes concerning funding must not
          unduly delay or prevent an appropriate response to the assessed need of a
          child and his or her family.
      2   Enhanced local services should always be used if they can respond
          appropriately to the assessed need.
      3   A holistic view of a child‟s, and the carer‟s, needs must be taken and
          recognition given to the interdependency of a child‟s health, educational and
          social care and development needs.
      4   Young people and their parents/carers must participate in the assessment of
          need and be consulted about how these needs may be best met.
      5   All proposed packages must be placed in the context of how they will
          contribute to the child‟s life plan.
      6   All placement and packages of care will be subject to a 6 monthly review         LAC Review
          (annually in the case of education) and their continuation will depend upon
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
           them continuing to meet the assessed need.
      7    Workers must be able to state the outcomes they would expect from the
           placements in the context of evidence based practice.
      8    Proposed placements must comply with the appropriate regulatory /
           registration framework and any contract standard specified by the agencies.
           Children‟s Social Care, Children‟s Learning and Engagement, and health
           colleagues should make a joint assessment of suitability.
      9    Packages and placements will be assessed in the context of Value for Money
           requirements.
      10   Where joint assessment of a provision has taken place, funding splits will be
           agreed in principle prior to Joint Purchasing Panel. Agencies will share
           information regarding funds available to them, commitments, and future
           budget planning.


     No Task                                               Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                           officer          on RAISE             standard
     1     If there is an indication that the child‟s needsKey Worker       Children in Need -   Within 35
           cannot be met through the local provision of    Health,          Core Assessment      working days
           any agency, consideration should be given to    Education or     for Children‟s
           undertaking a joint agency assessment for an    Social Worker    Social Care
           out of borough facility.
            Where the lead agency is Children's Social
                Care, the assessment will be a core
                assessment under the National Assessment
                Framework.
            Where the lead agency is Children's
                Learning and Engagement, the assessment
                will be in accordance with the Code of
                Practice for Special Educational Needs.
            Where the lead agency is Health, the
                assessment framework will meet the
                requirements of the NHS Trust and/or
                Health Authority.
           In each case, the agency undertaking the
           assessment may need to call on specialist
           advice from the other agencies.
     2     Where the child‟s needs are complex and          Lead Agency     Report to Joint      Report to be
           require the consideration of resources that lie                  Purchasing Panel     joint signed by
           outside of the normal in-house or commissioned                   and Minutes          all agencies.
           services of the three principle agencies, the
           Joint Purchasing Panel will consider the
           recommendations arising from the assessment .
     3     No commitment should be confirmed with the
           family concerned before the Panel has agreed
           the recommendations arising from the
           assessment.
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012


6.38 Looked After Children : Quality of Opportunity – Personal Appearance

      Objective                    To ensure that children and young people are guided in and able to make
                                    their own suitable choices with regard to their clothing and appearance.
                               




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Children Act Guidance And Regulation Volume 4 1. 143
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Clothing is important for developing confidence and self esteem.
      2   Children and young people should feel good about their clothes and
          appearance. This is more likely to be the case if they are involved in choosing
          them.
      3   No child under the age of 18 should have a tattoo.
      4   A child who is deemed to be competent is able to consent to body piercing at
          the age of 16 and above.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Children and young people should feel comfortable with what they are
          wearing.
      2   Children and young people can confirm that they have been able to exercise
          choice in purchasing clothes and personal toiletries.
      3   That children and young people can confirm that they are offered guidance
          with their appearance from adults.
      4   Older teenagers, in settled circumstances, have control over monies for
          clothing and decide where and what to purchase.
      5   Young women are able to confirm they have their own personal supply of
          sanitary protection.

     No Task                                              Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                          officer           on RAISE             standard
     1    Wherever possible the parent/carer should be    Social Worker     Case Recording
          encouraged to supply sufficient suitable                          Sheet
          clothing for the child at the time the child
          becomes looked after.
     2    Ensure that the minimum items of clothing are Residential        List upon             Prior to
          available.                                        Support Worker placement to be       placement or
                                                            / Foster Carer compiled by Foster    within 14 days
                                                                           Carer, Residential
                                                                           Worker
     2    Any shortfall to be notified to social worker and Social Worker  Placement Plan        Prior to
          a proposed initial sum to rectify should be                      Part 2 Section 30     placement or
          agreed.                                                                                within 14 days
     3    Clothing should be purchased on a regular basis Residential      Placement Plan        Prior to
          to ensure that the child or young person has      Support Worker Part 2 Section 30     placement or
          well fitted clothes in good condition.            / Foster Carer                       within 14 days
     4    In addition to clothing the child or young        Social Worker                        Prior to
          person should have school bag, lunch box,                                              placement or
          toilet bag and holdall or suitcase.                                                    within 14 days
     5    Confirmation of choice and sufficiency of         Reviewing      LAC Review of         Each review
Reviewed            September 2010
Agreed by CSMT      October 2010
Next Review Date    April 2012
     No Task                         Responsible   Record required   Performance
                                     officer       on RAISE          standard
          clothing is available.     Officer       Arrangements
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012


6.39 Looked After Children : Quality of Opportunity – Leisure Activities

      Objective                    Children have ample opportunity to engage in purposeful and enjoyable
                                    activities.
                               




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Children Act Guidance And Regulations Vol.4, 1. 87
                                   SSI Standards Volume 3
                                   Bournemouth Borough Council - Health And Safety Policy
                                   ECM 2003
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   Safety Aspects of Outside Activities – a Code of Practice
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                    After Children 2010


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   All Looked After Children and young people will have a personal leisure plan.
      2   Steps will be taken to ensure that children and young people interact
          positively with staff, their carers, and their peers, and are encouraged in a
          broad range of interests and activities.
      3   Children and young people who are looked after should have access to a
          range of leisure and recreational experiences including excursions, activity-
          based trips and holidays, set out within a Personal Leisure Plan.
      4   Careful consideration should be given to the objective of any trip, which
          should be full consistent with the child‟s/young person‟s needs.
      5   Well-planned and controlled trips will include arrangements to ensure the
          safety and supervision of children and young people and security of others.
      6   Children and young people do not claim with good reason to be bored.
      7   Children and young people can confirm that they frequently talk and do
          things with staff, their carers and peers.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   BH Life (Leisure Trust) commissioned by Bournemouth Borough Council, may
          be consulted if necessary, in order to develop a Personal Leisure Plan.
      2   That children and young people are encouraged to spend part of their leisure
          time in a purposeful activity.
      3   Children and young people can confirm that trips out to events for enjoyment
          or interest are encouraged or organised by staff or their carers.
      4   Children and young people are encouraged to read for pleasure and interest
          according to their ability.
      5   Children and young people should be given access to books and the
          opportunity to use the library facilities.
      6   That children and young people are encouraged to talk about hobbies or
          interests.
      7   That children and young people with particular leisure interests are helped to
          pursue them through encouragement from carers or staff and where
          necessary with reasonable financial support.
      8   Evidence that cultural pursuits are encouraged, should be noted on file.
      9   A detailed risk assessment should be carried out for any planned trip or         Risk Assessment
          activity by the residential unit or in the care of family placement by the
          Child‟s Social worker. All aspects of the trip or activity should be assessed
Reviewed            September 2010
Agreed by CSMT      October 2010
Next Review Date    April 2012

                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
      Standards
           including:
            Previous assessed level of vulnerability
            Age of Child
            Time of Day/Night
            History of Self Harm
            Physical disability or learning difficulty
            State of mind at the time of the activity
            Group behaviour
            Any guidance within the child‟s care plan
            Measures should be put in place to reduce risk wherever possible
            Staff child ratio according to assessed need
            Identification of appropriate behaviour management techniques that may
                be necessary to ensure the safety and well being of the child and others
            The activity and the qualifications of proposed group leaders should meet
                the standards included in “Safety Aspects of Outside Activities – a Code
                of Practice”.
      10   Parental consent should be sought prior to any potential hazardous activity.
      11   Children and young people who are looked after and are under 16 years of
           age cannot be taken abroad without consent of the parent and service
           manager if the child is subject to a care order.
      12   If a child is in residential placement the planning of a holiday should be
           discussed with the line manager for the establishment.
      13   If a child/young person is in a foster placement the planning of a holiday
           should be discussed with the team manager, Fostering and Placements Team.
      14   Before any outdoor activity is planned consideration should be given to
           “Safety Aspects of Outside Activities – a Code of Practice”.

     No Task                                                    Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                                officer           on RAISE             standard
     1     Wherever possible activities and hobbies should Social Worker          LAC Placement        Prior to
           be maintained after a child becomes Looked                             Plan Part 2          placement or
           After.                                               Social Worker/    Section 33           within 14 days
           An individual Leisure Plan is to be completed        Residential       LAC - Leisure Plan
           with the child.                                      Support Worker
                                                                / Carer
     2     Through discussion with the child ensure that a Residential            Residential log      Ongoing
           range of activities or access to local facilities is Support Worker    Case Recording
           available to the child. Contact Leisure Services / Foster Carer /      Sheet
           if necessary, to develop a Personal Leisure          Social Worker     Foster carer diary
           Plan.                                                                  Assessment and
           Brokerage Service is to be used to identify                            Action Records
           activities that have been identified.
     3     Assessment of risk of activity or vulnerability of Residential         Case Recording       Ongoing
           child including reference to "Safety Aspects of Support Worker         Sheet
           Outside Activities – a Code of Practice".            / Social Worker   Risk Assessment
           Qualifications of                                    / Foster Carer    Record
           instructors/supervisors/leaders to be sought
           and verified with relevant sporting body.
     4     Parental permission for activities should be                      LAC Placement
                                                                Social Worker /                        Prior to
           sought from parents or carers with parental          Residential  Plan Part 2               activities or
           responsibility.                                                   Section 37 signed
                                                                Support Worker                         holiday being
                                                                             Case Recording            booked if
                                                                             Sheet                     possible
     5     Encouragement to maintain and establish            Residential    Assessment and            Ongoing
           activities and leisure pursuits.                   Support Worker Action Records
Reviewed           September 2010
Agreed by CSMT     October 2010
Next Review Date   April 2012
     No Task                                                Responsible        Record required     Performance
                                                            officer            on RAISE            standard
                                                            / Foster Carer /
                                                            Social Worker
     6    Ensuring that the child‟s right to social         Reviewing          LAC Review of       At each
          activities or attendance at cultural events is    Officer            Arrangements        review
          promoted.
     7    Holidays outside of the United Kingdom:           Details to be      Case Recording      Prior to
          Report to be prepared which includes full         given to social    Sheet               booking the
          details of the proposed holiday including:        worker by          Report to Service   holiday
          Dates of holiday; destination: accommodation      foster carer or    manager for
          and sleeping arrangements; travel                 residential        approval
          arrangements; holiday insurance arrangements;     support worker
          proposed activities during holiday; permission    prior to booking
          or view of parent or carer with parental          the holiday
          responsibility.
          All holidays excepting those arranged by the
          school should take place during the school
          breaks. When the proposal is for the holiday to
          take place in term time, permission is to be
          granted by the Children's Learning and
          Engagement. If any other adults will be taking
          part in the holiday who are not normally part
          of the child‟s placement, full details and
          agency checks should be undertaken.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.40 Looked After Children – Quality of Opportunity – Meals

      Objective                    To ensure that young people are provided with adequate quantities of
                                    suitably prepared food, having regard to their needs and wishes and have
                                    opportunity to shop for and prepare their own food.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   Children Act Guidance & Regulations Vol 4 1.136 SSI Standards, Volume 3
                                   National Minimum Standards, Fostering and Residential Services 2010
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                   Children‟s Homes (amended) Regulations 2011


                                                                                          Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Children and young people are to be consulted and to have the opportunity
          to be actively involved in the preparation of meals.

      Standards                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      1   Children and young people should be provided with a well balanced diet.
      2   Children and young people should be provided with a range of food they
          enjoy.
      3   Children and young people should have the opportunity to eat some of their
          meals together with other children either in a family placement setting or
          within the residential home, and that they regard these meals as a positive
          social event.
      4   Children and young people consider there is sufficient quantity and choice.
      5   Children and young people in children‟s homes and residential schools are
          consulted about menus and the times of meals.
      6   Children and young people confirm that there is cultural diversity in the
          menu.
      7   Children and young people have their dietary needs respected in terms of
          cultural and religious requirements.
      8   Children and young people are able to go shopping for food.
      9   Children and young people are given the opportunities to prepare their own
          food.
      10 Children and young people with special dietary requirements have their
          needs met without difficulty or embarrassment.
      11 Consideration should be given as to whether children and young people
          should have opportunities to share meals with their families during contact.

     No Task                                              Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                          officer          on RAISE              standard
     1    All foods required to confirm the child‟s       Social Worker    EIR 1 within 14       Prior to
          cultural identity should be identified with the                  days                  placement
          child and the family. Any food allergies are to                  LAC Placement
          be clearly recorded within Essential                             Plan Part 2 Section
          Information 1 and discussed with carer upon                      30
          placing child.
     2    Dietary requirements should be ascertained      Social Worker    EIR 1                 Available at
          prior to placement and all relevant information                                        time of
          given to foster carers or residential social                                           placement or
          workers.                                                                               in an
                                                                                                 emergency as
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                Responsible      Record required        Performance
                                                            officer          on RAISE               standard
                                                                                                    soon as
                                                                                                    possible
     3    Food choices, likes and dislikes are to be        Senior RSW /     Log book in
          recorded. A contribution to shopping and          Foster Carer     residential care or
          preparation of meals is to be encouraged and                       foster carer‟s diary
          the young person‟s ability assessed.
     4    If the child remains accommodated following       RSW / Foster     Assessment and
          the second review then this information will be   Carer / Social   Action Records
          recorded, with the child whenever possible,       Worker
          within the Assessment and Action Records.
     5    Children are to be encouraged to consider         RSW / Foster     Consultation           Prior to each
          these matters and to record this within their     Carer / Social   Paper.                 LAC Review of
          consultation paper prior to Review.               Worker /                                arrangements
                                                            Advocate
     6    Shared meals with the family are an               Social Worker    LAC - Care Plan
          expectation.                                                       arrangements for
                                                                             contact section 11
     7    Ascertain that the child is happy and satisfied Reviewing          LAC Review of
          with the choice and availability of food and     Officer           Arrangements
          that the arrangements meet the child‟s cultural
          or religious requirements, dietary needs and
          are regarded as part of a positive social event.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.41 Looked After Children : Representation at Reviews

      Objective                    To ensure that children attending their review are encouraged to be able
                                    to fully engage in the process through having the support of a person of
                                    their choice.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989 and the Children Act 2004
                                   Children Act 1989 Regulations and Guidance
                                   National Advocacy Standards
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Person‟s Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   IRO Handbook 2010


                                                                                        Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   Children should be able to choose who they want to be present to support      Review
          them at their review. Their wishes should be accepted unless their welfare    arrangements
          would be significantly harmed if their wishes were followed.                  Independent visitors
      2   Consideration should be given to the size of group to be convened.
      3   Alternative methods of eliciting information from interested or relevant
          parties should be pursued.
      4   Attendance at reviews of independent people, for example an advocate          Advocacy
          from the Advocacy service or individuals important to the young person
          should be welcomed and positively encouraged.
      5   If an Independent Visitor has been appointed they should attend the review.   Independent Visitor
      6   The child and family should be prepared for the review; the child should be
          given a booklet explaining the process and what they can expect. The social
          worker should clarify the parents and child‟s understanding of the process
          before the review commences.
      7   Children and parents should be encouraged to be full participants in the
          review. This can only be constructively achieved if preparation has taken
          place and the consultation papers completed.
      8   Action for Children provides the Advocacy Services for Bournemouth.


                                                                                         Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Children should always be made aware of the option to have a friend or
          supporter of their choice.
      2   Written information should be available for children.

     No Task                                                Responsible Record required      Performance
                                                            officer       on RAISE           standard
     1    Child or young person to be informed of the       Social worker Case Recording     Two weeks prior
          review.                                                         Sheet              to first review
     2    Child or young person to be given any relevant    Social worker Case Recording
          information regarding the format of the review                  Sheet
          meeting and there will be a discussion regarding
          who may attend.
     3    If an Independent visitor has been appointed they Social worker Letter re - LAC    Two weeks prior
          are to be invited to the review.                                Review (LACT09)    to first review
     4    Consultation paper to be forwarded to the child Social worker Case Recording       Two weeks prior
          for completion with SW or with carer.                           Sheet              to first review
     5    If young person has involvement with the          Social worker Letter re - LAC    Two weeks prior
          Advocacy service, the advocate is to be informed                Review (LACT09)    to first review
          of the forthcoming review.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                Responsible Record required Performance
                                                            officer       on RAISE       standard
     6    Consultation with any other person who may        Social worker Case Recording
          information regarding the child‟s view.                         Sheet
     7    Ensure child‟s views are represented at review.   Reviewing     LAC Review of
                                                            Officer       Arrangements
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.42 Looked After Children : Review of Arrangements

      Objective                    To ensure the needs of children being looked after by the Council are
                                    continually being assessed and met and to provide alternate care plans if
                                    they are not.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989 Sec 26
                                   Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations Vol.3, 4 and 6
                                   Adoption & Children Act 2002 and accompanying guidance
                                   Adoption Agency Regulations 2005
                                   Brighton and Hove ACPC, Part 8 Report concerning JAS 2001
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children and Young Person‟s Act 2008
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   IRO Handbook 2010
                                   Accommodated Children Visiting Arrangements Regulations 2011


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1    Full participation of the parents and children in the review is necessary. The   Participation
           wishes and feelings of the children must be ascertained.
      2    Children should be given a choice of venue and who they want to be present.
           Unless a child‟s welfare is at risk, the child‟s wishes should be adhered to.
      3    Reviews are an opportunity to celebrate the success of the child or young
           person. They are not to become a forum for professionals to debate their
           differences.
      4    An Independent Reviewing Officer will be allocated to chair and undertake
           the Review of Arrangements and will ensure the appropriateness of the care
           plan and that its implementation is being achieved in a timely way.
      5    The Chair of the Review should introduce her or himself to the child before
           the meeting and agree an agenda with the child. Ideally this will be prior to
           the day of the review and will enable the reviewer to get a good sense of the
           child‟s wishes and feelings.
      6    Reviews are a process, not simply a meeting. This process should include
           information gathering, consultation and planning. This should commence
           between one and eight weeks before the review meeting and conclude two
           weeks after it.
      7    If the child chooses not to attend, alternative provision should be made to
           involve the child.
      8    If the child wishes they can be accompanied at the review by a friend or         Representative at
           supporter of their choice. The child should always be made aware of this         Reviews
           option. However, the child should be properly informed of any sensitive
           material to be discussed as this may influence the choice of friend or
           supporter.
      9    There may be people entitled to be present at the review meeting who the         Representative at
           child does not want to see. Separate attendance at the meeting can be            Reviews
           arranged or the views of these people must be obtained in advance and they
           must be consulted with after the meeting.
           The number of people at the review should be kept to a minimum:
           a) Chair
           b) Child
           c) Parents (including those without parental responsibility)
           d) People with parental responsibility
           e) Social worker
           f) Carers
      10   Other professionals should add to the review via written report or prior
           consultation with the social worker. The child‟s agreement is required for
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
           them to attend the review meeting. There may be others who the child
           would like to be involved via the meeting or in consultation with the social
           worker.
      11   Where siblings are placed together it would normally be the case that they
           would be reviewed together. However, each child must have their own needs
           considered. Although siblings placed separately would normally be reviewed
           separately, reviewing together may be considered if the plan is to unify the
           sibling group.
      12   Children placed for adoption will continue to be reviewed within 4 weeks of
           placement, not more than 3 months after the first review, then not more
           than 6 months after the previous review, until the adoption order is granted.
      13   The lessons learnt from the Brighton and Hove Part 8 review must be
           remembered in working with children and adoptive families. Children in
           adoptive placements are also vulnerable to abuse and all workers must be
           alert to this possibility in supervising and reviewing placements.
      14   Where an adoption placement disrupts before an adoption order has been
           made, a disruption review is required, no earlier than 28 days or no later
           than 42 days after the date on which the adoptive placement ended.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1    The review should follow LAC Review procedures.                                 LAC Review
      2    Reviews must be conducted within 20 days of the start of the placement,
           then within three months of the first review then every six months.
      3    Consideration should be given to permanency planning by the second review       Permanency
           (i.e. 4 months) and a plan should be presented to that review. A plan to find   Planning meetings
           a permanent home could involve the child returning to birth parent(s), living   Permanency
           long term in foster care, residence order, special guardianship or adoption     Planning
           into a new family. The key factor is that a plan should be in place with        Working with Birth
           timescales and best interest decisions made. Consideration should be given      Families and
           to family group meeting as a means of identifying family who may be able to     Children
           offer a child or young person a permanent home. A referral will be made to
           the Permanency Planning Meeting at the 2nd review.
      4    Where authority to place a child for adoption has been obtained, either with    Children's
           formal witnessed consent or a placement order, but the child not yet placed,    Reviewers
           a review must be held not more than 3 months after the authority to place
           was obtained, and then not more than 6 months after the date of that
           review. If the child has not been placed for adoption by second review, then
           the Council must consider the following matters at that second review for
           children subject to placement orders:-
           - Why the child has not been placed for adoption;
           - What further steps should be taken;
           - Whether the child should still be placed for adoption.
      5    Once a child has been placed for adoption, a review must be held within 4
           weeks, within 3 months of that review, then within a further 6 months until
           an adoption order is granted, in line with the requirements of the Adoption
           Agencies Regulations 2005, in particular regulations 35-38.
           This includes children brought into the UK for the purposes of adoption from
           overseas.
      6    The following people must be consulted before the review meeting:
           a) The child
           b) The parents of the child (including those without parental responsibility)
           c) People with parental responsibility
           d) Professionals the Council considers relevant
           e) Family members or friends of the child the Children's Social Care
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Standards
                considers relevant
           f) Others the child feels should be consulted
      7    Consideration should be made of the suitability of these people attending the   Children‟s
           review meeting and they should all receive notification of the decisions made   Reviewers
           by the meeting.
           Where a child is placed for adoption, it would not be appropriate to invite
           birth parents to the review meeting, even though they retain parental
           responsibility until the adoption order is made. They should, however, be
           advised of the outcome of the review in summary form. They should not be
           sent a copy of the review document as this will identify the adopters and the
           whereabouts of the child.
      8    By the end of each review process, the essential information record parts 1     EIR records
           and 2, placement plans and care plans should have been updated. The review
           form should be complete. Please note that a different format is used for
           recording adoption reviews, which recognises the particular issues in
           adoption placements.
      9    The chair of the second review should state that action and assessment          Assessment and
           records should be completed by the time of the following review unless the      Action Record
           child is to return home and thereafter started at alternative reviews.
      10   Reviews should be based in part upon the information collected in the           Assessment and
           assessment and action records.                                                  Action Record
      11   Each review should consider contact arrangements, education plans, personal     PEP
           health plan and establish whether there are any outstanding Criminal Injury     Personal Health
           Compensation Award matters.                                                     Plans
      12   Each review should ascertain that the child/young person has access to          Quality of
           leisure activities, appropriate clothing and choice of food age-appropriate     Opportunity:
           and that will meet any religious or cultural needs.                             Personal
                                                                                           Appearance and
                                                                                           Meals
      13   A review where an adoptive placement disrupts is a statutory review, with an
           extended agenda which must also address the following issues.
           a. Whether the adoption agency remains satisfied that the child should be
               placed for adoption.
           b. The child‟s needs, welfare and development, and whether any changes
               need to be made to meet his needs or assist his development.
           c. The existing arrangements for contact, and whether they should continue
               or be altered.
           d. In consultation with the appropriate agencies, the arrangements for
               assessing and meeting the child‟s health care and educational needs.
           e. Whether direct work is needed to help the child understand the
               disruption.
           f. If and how the birth family will be told of the disruption.
           g. Whether further assessment of the child‟s needs is required before a new
               placement is considered.

     No Task                                              Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                          officer          on RAISE             standard
     1     Inform Reviewing Unit that the child has       Social worker    Information Sheet    On the day the
           become looked after.                                            for LAC              child is looked
                                                                           Notification         after
     2     Inform Education caseworker, and LAC nurses    Social worker    Information Sheet    On the day the
           and designated teacher at child‟s school.                       for LAC              child is looked
                                                                           Notification         after
     3     Child‟s name entered onto LAC Independent      IRO Admin        Database             On the day the
           Reviewing Officer database.                                                          child is looked
                                                                                                after
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                Responsible     Record required        Performance
                                                            officer         on RAISE               standard
     4    Ensure any other agencies are informed.           Social worker   Case Recording         On the day the
                                                                            Sheet                  child is looked
                                                                                                   after
     5    Book first review.                                Social worker   Case Recording         By the third
                                                                            Sheet                  day the child
                                                                                                   is looked after
     6    Reviewing Officer LAC file compiled.              IRO Admin       IRO LAC file
     7    Send copies of EIR parts 1 and 2 to Review        Social worker   IRO LAC file           By the third
          Team.                                                                                    day the child
                                                                                                   is looked after
     8    Placement Plan Part 1 and Part 2 to Review        Social worker   IRO LAC file           By the third
          Team.                                                                                    day the child
                                                                                                   is looked after
     9    Care Plan to Review Team.                         Social worker   IRO LAC file           By the third
                                                                                                   day the child
                                                                                                   is looked after
     10   LAC documentation checklist updated as            IRO Admin       IRO LAC file           As received
          documentation is received.
     11   Notify Parent, Guardian or prospective            Team Admin      Letter to Parent /     As soon as
          Adopters of review date. Include consultation                     Guardian re - LAC      date is
          papers for completion.                                            Review (LACT 07)       confirmed
     12   Notify foster carer, residential worker or        Team Admin      Letter to Carer re -   As soon as
          prospective adopters of review date. Include                      LAC Review             date is
          consultation papers                                               (LACT08)               confirmed
          for completion.
     13   Inform child of review date and discuss purpose   Social Worker   Case Recording         As soon as
          and content of review (see representation at                      Sheet                  date is
          reviews procedure). Ensure child has                              Letter re - LAC        confirmed
          consultation document and that the child has                      Review (LACT09 )
          identified who would assist the child to                          Consultation
          complete the document if required.                                document
     14   Notify health, education and any other relevant   Team Admin      Invitation Letter to
          professional of review date.                                      LAC Review
                                                                            (LACT11)
     15   Ring reviewing officer to discuss case and agree Social worker    Case Recording         14 days prior
          agenda.                                                           Sheet (C0212)          to review
     16   Consider if AARs should be commenced.            Social worker    LAC Review of          14 days prior
                                                                            Arrangements           to review
                                                                            Section 10
     17   Consult with all relevant agencies regarding the Social worker    Case Recording         14 days prior
          child‟s needs. Wherever possible or appropriate                   Sheet                  to review
          consult with the young person and their family                    LAC Review of
          regarding the young person‟s needs.                               Arrangements
                                                                            Section 21
     18   Consider all LAC dimensions; (health,          Social worker      LAC Review of          14 days prior
          education, family & social relationships,                         Arrangements           to review
          emotional and behavioural development,                            Section 14
          identity, social presentation and self care
          skills).
     19   Send all completed papers to the reviewing     Social worker      IRO LAC file           7 days prior to
          office, review of arrangements form, reports,                                            review
          consultation papers, PEPs if completed, Health
          assessments, any other useful documents, e.g.
          chronology, core assessment.
     20   Hold first review, set date for next review.   Reviewing          LAC Review of          Date of next
                                                         Officer            Arrangements           review to be
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                 Responsible     Record required     Performance
                                                             officer         on RAISE            standard
                                                                                                 held within 12
                                                                                                 weeks
     21   RAISE to be updated                                Social Worker                       Immediately
     22   Complete the review report and send to social      Reviewing       LAC Review of       Within 14 days
          worker.                                            officer         Arrangements        of review
     23   Complete distribution list.                        Social worker   LAC Review of       Within 2 days
                                                                             Arrangements        of receipt of
                                                                             Section 34          review
     24   Send review report to relevant people.             Team Admin.     LAC Review of       Within 28 days
                                                                             Arrangements        of
                                                                                                 review
     25   Second review to be held on date agreed at         Social Worker                       Within 12
          first review meeting or to be held within 12                                           weeks of first
          weeks of that date.                                                                    review
     26   Complete steps 9–15.                               As indicated
                                                             above
     27   The EIR part 1 and part 2 and Placement Plan       Social worker   EIR 1 and EIR 2     14 days prior
          part 1 and 2 should be updated. Copies sent to                     LAC Placement       to review
          Independent Reviewing Officer, and others                          Plan Part 1
          identified on LAC forms distribution list.                         LAC Placement
                                                                             Plan Part 2
                                                                             LAC Forms
                                                                             Distribution List
     28   LAC documentation checklist updated as             IRO Admin       IRO LAC file
          documentation is received.
     29   Send all completed papers to the reviewing         Social Worker   IRO LAC File
          officer – review of arrangements form, reports,
          consultation papers, PEPs, Child Health Plans.
     30   Ring reviewing officer to discuss case and agree   Social worker   Case Recording      2 weeks prior
          agenda.                                                            Sheet               to review
     31   Consult with all relevant agencies regarding the   Social worker   Case Recording      1 week prior
          child‟s needs. Wherever possible or appropriate                    Sheet               to review
          consult with the young person and their family                     LAC Review of
          regarding the young person‟s needs.                                Arrangements
                                                                             Section 21
     32   Consider all LAC dimensions; (health,              Social worker   LAC Review of       1 week prior
          education, family & social relationships,                          Arrangements        to review
          emotional and behavioural development,                             Section 14
          identity, social presentation and self care
          skills).
     33   Send all completed papers to the reviewing         Social worker   IRO LAC File        1 week prior
          officer, review of arrangements form, reports,                                         to review
          consultation papers, PEPs if completed, Health
          assessments, any other useful documents, e.g.
          chronology, core assessment.
     34   Hold second review, set date for next review.      Reviewing       LAC Review of       Date for third
          Ensure that permanency planning is                 Officer         Arrangements        review to be
          commenced including consideration of Family                                            held within 26
          Group meeting.                                                                         weeks
     35   RAISE to be updated.                               Social Worker                       Immediately
     36   Complete the review report.                        Reviewing       LAC Review of       Within 14 days
                                                             officer         Arrangements        of review
     37   Complete distribution list.                        Social Worker   LAC Review of       Within 14 days
                                                                             Arrangements        of review
                                                                             Section 34
     38   Send review report to relevant people (as          Team Admin.     LAC Review of       Within 28 days
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                              Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                          officer         on RAISE          standard
          indicated Section 34 above).                                    Arrangements      of review
                                                                          Section 34
     39   Third and subsequent review. Complete Steps     As identified   As identified
          9–15 and 23–29, including children placed for
          adoption.
     40   NB Assessment and Action records will have      Social Worker   IRO LAC file
          been completed, copy of Summary to be sent
          to Reviewing Team.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.43 Looked After Children : School Exclusions

      Objective                    To ensure that schools, Children‟s Learning and Engagement and
                                    Children's Social Care work together to prevent the need for school
                                    exclusions. However if they do occur then the Council works corporately
                                    to ensure full time, mainstream schooling as soon as possible.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        The Children Act 1989
                                   The Children Act 2004
                                   DoH Education of Children Looked After LAC (94) 11
                                   DfES/DoH „Guidance on the Education of Children and Young People in
                                    Public Care‟, LAC (2000) 13
                                   Pupil Support and Social Inclusion
                                   Raising the Educational Achievement of Looked After Children, Joint
                                   Panel on the Educational Needs of Looked After Children, November 2002
                                   Better Outcomes for Children in Care (2003)
                                   Corporate Parenting Strategy
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   DCSF „Improving Behaviour and Attendance: Guidance on exclusion from
                                    schools and Pupil Referral Units
                                   The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                   Children, Schools and Families Act 2010
                                   The Designated Teacher (Looked After Pupils) (England) Regulations 2009
                                   Looked After Children Commissioning & Service Improvement Strategy
                                    2011-2016

                                                                                                Cross-
      Key Points                                                                                Referencing
      1   Children who are looked after have the same rights as all children to education.
      2   The Council has a corporate responsibility to ensure the maximum educational
          opportunities for children looked after.
      3   Research shows that of the factors most likely to disadvantage young people
          who are Looked After, loss of education is one of the most significant.
      4   Children's Social Care will work alongside schools and the Children's Learning
          and Engagement to ensure that all the steps to be taken before exclusions take
          place.
      5   When a child has been excluded from school, a parent has a right to appeal on
          the child‟s behalf. The Council as the corporate parent is expected to act as a
          champion for the children in their care and advocate for their needs in exactly
          the same way
      6   Local Education Authorities (CLE in Bournemouth) are expected to set a
          maximum time limit of 20 school days within which they must secure an
          education placement for any pupil in public care. It will be a full time place in a
          local mainstream school unless the circumstances and needs of the child make
          such provision unsuitable.
      7   When a looked after child has been excluded it will be expected that all
          attempts have been made to avoid the exclusion. Stability of school placement
          is vital to the child‟s social inclusion. Appeal can be made on behalf of the child
          by the social worker or by the foster carers in consultation with the social
          worker.
      8   Any Social Worker or Designated Teacher who feels a child or young person is
          giving cause for concern should notify the LAC caseworker.

                                                                                                Cross-
      Standards                                                                                 Referencing
      1   Social workers and the carers of the child should be aware of the grounds for
Reviewed            April 2011
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013

                                                                                                 Cross-
      Standards                                                                                  Referencing
           exclusion and of the Council appeals procedure.
      2    Social Worker and carers should be informed and updated by the school of any
           behaviour that may lead to exclusion.
      3    Immediate short term education arrangements will be put in place from Day 1
      4    An appropriate full time education placement must be found at the earliest
           opportunity, generally within 20 days of the child becoming looked after.
      5    The Social Worker and/or carer should act immediately to liaise with dedicated
           teachers for looked after children once they are informed that the child has
           been excluded.
      6    The exclusion should be discussed with the child and the parent(s) or those with
           parental responsibility and their views are recorded.
      7    The social worker or other nominated person should act as the child‟s advocate
           at the appeals panel.
      8    It is the responsibility of the school to provide work for excluded pupils.
      9    The relevant manager in the Children's Learning and Engagement should be
           informed about all exclusions (Virtual School Head).
      10   If the behaviour of a child or young person is giving concern at school, it is
           essential that this is communicated to the carer and Social Worker.
      11   The report regarding the child should include:
            details of the child/young person concerned
            an indication of the issue to be resolved
            the main facts of the case
            the action taken to date
            possible options for further action

     No Task                                                 Responsible       Record required     Performance
                                                             officer           on RAISE            standard
     1     Inform Social Worker and carers if the child is   Designated        Case Recording
           causing concern at school.                        Teacher           Sheet
     2     Contact the Chair of the Children Giving Cause    Social Worker /   Case Recording      Immediately
           for Concern meeting to book a slot at the next    Designated        Sheet
           meeting                                           Teacher
     3     Attend the meeting and represent the child's      Social Worker /   Minutes
           situation and contribute to the plan of action.   Designated
                                                             Teacher
     4     Communicate the plan of action to carers,         Social WorkerCase Recording
           child or young person, parent if appropriate.                  Sheet
     5     EXCLUSION                                       Social Worker  Residential Record Immediately
           Ensure that the school has set work for the     / Residential  or Foster Care
           child for the duration of the exclusion.        Support Worker Diary
                                                           / Foster Carer Case Recording
                                                                          Sheet
     6     Discussion with LAC education colleagues about Social Worker
           alternative provision from day 1                / Residential
                                                           Support Worker
                                                           / Foster Carer
     7     Speak to teacher/s about what that work         Child ‟s carer Residential Record As soon as
           entails.                                                       or Foster Care     possible
                                                                          Diary
     8     Consult with school about the reasons for       Social Worker  Case Recording     Within 5
           exclusion and determine what action is taken                   Sheet              school days
           to support the young person in successfully re-
           integrating into school.
     9     Inform parents and people with parental         Social Worker  Case Recording     Immediately
           responsibility about the school exclusion and                  Sheet
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                                Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                            officer         on RAISE             standard
          their right to make complaints and
          representations to the CLE & CSC.
     10   Talk to the young person about the exclusion      Social Worker / Case Recording       As appropriate
          and ascertain their views about how they can      Foster Carer    Sheet or             but within 5
          return to school.                                                 residential file/    days of
                                                                            Foster Carer Diary   exclusion
     11   If the exclusion is permanent liaise with the     Social Worker   Case Recording       Within 5
          local education authority regarding the                           Sheet                school days
          appropriate alternative educational placement.
     11   Inform Service and Strategy Manager, CLE, if an   Social Worker   Letter/Note          Immediately
          education placement has not been provided
          within 20 school days.
     12   Inform Team Manager if an education               Social Worker   Case Recording       Immediately
          placement has not been provided within a                          Sheet
          further 10 school days.
     13   Ensure that all action plans regarding the        Reviewing       LAC Review of        Next available
          proposals for education are enacted.              Officer         Arrangements         meeting
     14   RAISE to be updated with all periods of           Social Worker                        As necessary
          exclusion.
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.44 Looked After Children : Termination of Pregnancy
      Objective                    To ensure that young people are provided with advice, support and
                                    independent counselling to enable them to make an informed decision
                                    about whether or continue with the pregnancy or have a termination.
                                   To ensure they are fully supported once they have made the decision.
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health & Wellbeing of Looked After
                                    Children 2010
                                   The Children Act 1989 Sec 22(3) Sec 33(3)
                                   The Abortion Act 1967
                                   Mental Health Act 1983 Code of Practice 19 (The Fraser Guidelines)
                                   Children & Young Person Act 2008

                                                                                              Cross-
      Key Points                                                                              Referencing
      1   The Council has the duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of any young
          people looked after by them. Consent for seeking termination should be given
          by the Service Manager, Children‟s Social Care where the Council holds Parental
          Responsibility for the young person, or the Service Director if specific concerns
          are raised.
      2   It should not be assumed that a young woman would wish to have a termination.
          Independent advice provided as early as possible by appropriately trained
          counsellors should help her to recognise the importance of such a decision.
          Eligibility for less intrusive terminations must be maintained during the period
          of early counselling within 12 weeks of conception.
      3   Young people have the right to:
          a) Emotional support before, during and after the decision making process.
          b) Privacy and confidentiality.
          c) Encouragement and help in telling their parents where possible.
      4   If the young person decides to seek a termination of pregnancy, two registered
          medical practitioners are required to sign the application form.


                                                                                           Cross-Referencing
      Consent to a Termination
      1   Young people over 16 are able to give their own consent
      2   For young people under 16 who are accommodated the right to give consent         Parental
          rests with the parents (but see below).                                          Responsibility
      3   If the young person is on a care order, then the Council shares parental         Care Order
          responsibility with the parents. Thus, negotiation should take place with        Consent
          parents as to who should give consent subject to the young person‟s right to
          privacy and confidentiality (but see below).
      4   Young people under 16 are able to give their own consent, according to the
          Fraser Guidelines based on the Gillick principle established in Gillick v West
          Norfolk and Wisbeach AHA (1986) AC112. This Provision is only accessible if
          the two signing medical practitioners are satisfied that:
          a) The young person understands the advice and has the maturity to
               understand what is involved.
          b) They (the Drs) are unable to convince the young person to inform their
               parents/carers with parental responsibility.
          c) They (the Drs) cannot obtain consent of the young person to inform their
               parents/carers with parental responsibility on their behalf.
          d) The young person‟s physical and/or mental health will suffer if they do
               not a have a termination.
          e) It is in the young person‟s best interests to have the termination without
               parental consent.
          f) In all cases where the young person is under 16, then the sexual
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013

                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Consent to a Termination
               activity/lifestyle leading to pregnancy should be considered within child
               protection procedures.
          g) The final decision as to whether or not to perform a termination of
               pregnancy rests with the consultant who will be carrying out the
               procedure.
      5   If the young person is to have a termination appropriate practical
          arrangements must be made to support her before, during and after the
          operation.
      6   Young people should be offered support, advice and counselling after the
          termination to ensure they are able to make informed choices about future
          sexual relationships, sexual health and contraception.


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Without delay, a young woman who is pregnant should be offered counselling
          from someone independent of their social worker or key worker. This
          Counsellor should be appropriately trained e.g. Brook Clinic, local family
          planning clinic etc.
      2   The social worker and carers should be sensitive to issues of confidentiality
          and ensure only those with a "need to know" are informed. The young person
          needs to feel confident that this is complied with and knows who is to be
          told.
      3   The young person feels supported before, during and after the termination.
      4   After any termination, the young person will continue to be provided with
          appropriate advice, support and counselling.

     No Task                                             Responsible        Record required      Performance
                                                         officer            on RAISE             standard
     1    If young person indicates that they consider   Social Worker /    Case Recording       As soon as
          they may be pregnant ensure that they are      Foster Carer /     Sheet                possible
          taken to GP or another local service for a     Residential        Residential log
          pregnancy test.                                Support worker     Foster carer diary
     2    If pregnancy is confirmed young person to have Social worker      Case Recording
          access to unbiased pregnancy advise on options                    Sheet
          – keeping baby, termination or adoption.
          Referral and or appointment made with GP,
          Youth Advisory Clinic, LAC Nurse.
     3    Young person to be accompanied to              Worker, Carer      Case Recording
          appointment if so chooses.                     of choice          Sheet
     4    Young woman encouraged to discuss with         Health Service.    Health Records.
          parents.
     5    If young person is considered not to be        Social worker      Legal meeting
          competent to make an informed choice legal                        minutes
          advice is to be sought.
     6    If the Council hold PR and the young woman     Social worker      Report               As soon as
          makes the choice to have a termination, report                                         information is
          to be prepared for permission from Service                                             available
          Director of Children's Social Care.
          The report should include:
           options that have been explored
           Independent advise that has been made
               available
           Views of the doctors regarding consent
               point
           4 key points Consent to a termination
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                              Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                          officer         on RAISE          standard
              Support that will be available after the
               termination
     7    Plan support for young woman prior to and       Social worker   Case Recording    Prior to
          following termination                                           Sheet             termination
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.45 Looked After Children : The Council’s Pledge to Looked After Children
      Objective                    To ensure all staff are aware of the commitments and promises made to
                                    looked after children by the Council, and will ensure these promises are
                                    kept
                                




      Legal & Policy Status        Children Act 1989 and 2004
                                   Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                   Children & Young Person‟s Act 2008


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Key Points
      1   The Government requires all Councils to develop a „pledge‟ to looked after
          children and young people, which outlines the minimum standards they can
          expect from the Council
      2   In Bournemouth the „pledge‟ is entitled „The Promise‟. Looked after young
          people and care leavers were consulted and their suggestions have formed
          the basis for the Council‟s promise to them.
      3   The details of the promise can be found in two leaflets, both attached to this
          policy; they are “The Promise” and “What You Can Expect From Us”


                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   All staff working with looked after children and care leavers must be aware
          of the commitments made to looked after children, as outlined in “The
          Promise” and the leaflet “What You Can Expect From Us”
      2   All staff must make every effort to ensure the Council acts in accordance
          with these commitments. If staff become aware that we are failing in our
          promise to children and young people they must ensure a senior manager is
          made aware of this
      3   The Council will be audited, on an annual basis by the Children In Care
          Council (CLICK) and feedback given to the Corporate Parenting Panel on how
          well the Council is adhering to its commitments made in “The Promise” and
          “What You Can Expect From Us” .

     No Task                                              Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                          officer          on RAISE              standard
     1    Staff must ensure that a newly accommodated     The child‟s      Case recording        As soon as
          child/young person is given the two leaflets,   social worker                          child is placed
          “The Promise” and “What You Can Expect From
          Us” as soon as they become accommodated.
          They must ensure the child understands the
          commitments made within this leaflet. If the
          child is unable to read, they must agree who is
          best placed to explain the content to the child
     2    During visits to the child, the worker should   The child‟s      Case recording        immediately
          check to ensure the standards outlined in the   social worker
          promise leaflets are being met. If they are not
          a senior manager should be informed via the
          relevant team manager, so that relevant action
          can be taken
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013


6.46 Looked After Children : Transfer Between Childcare Area Teams and Looked After
                            Children’s Team

      Objective                       To ensure a smooth transition of case responsibility from one team to
                                       another.
                                   




      Legal & Policy Status           The Children Act 1989
                                      The Children Act 2004
                                      Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                      Children and Young Persons Act 2008

                                                                                                Cross-
      Key Points                                                                                Referencing
      1   The aim will be to transfer cases at the 4 month point (from coming into the
          care system), by which time a permanent plan should be known.
      2   A case will not transfer in a state of crisis or without a clear plan.
      3   A case will be presented to a Permanency Planning meeting after the 4 month
          review by the Childcare Area Team Social Worker, unless the child/young
          person is returning home, or is subject to Care proceedings.
      4   Care proceedings will remain the task of the ChildCare Area Teams, and Looked         Legal
          After responsibilities will transfer to the LAC Team.


                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
      Standards
      1   Case responsibility will only transfer to the Looked After Children‟s Team,
          following liaison between the LAC Team Manager/Senior Practitioner and
          ChildCare Area Team Manager/Senior Practitioner.
      2   At point of transfer, case files will have a Transfer Summary, up to date
          Chronology and a case file audit, and will have been signed off by ChildCare
          Area Team Manager/Senior Practitioner.
      3   Where placement includes social care, education and health input, funding will
          have been agreed.
      4   Careful consideration will be given to whom the case will be allocated within
          the LAC Team, with reference to particular skills needed/gender requests etc.
      5   Where possible, transfer will include a handover and introductory visit to the
          child/young person, by the previous and the current practitioner, within two
          weeks of transfer.


     No Task                                               Responsible         Record required on Performance
                                                           officer             RAISE              standard
      1   Discussion re: transfer of case                   Locality            Recording sheet.   As needed.
          responsibility, including timescales.             Team/LAC Team
                                                            Manager/Senior
                                                            Practitioner
      2   Preparation of file for transfer.                 Locality            Transfer summary        Prior to
                                                            Practitioner.       /up to date             transfer
                                                                                Chronology/Case         date.
                                                                                File Audit.
      3   File to be signed off.                            Locality Team       Transfer                Prior to
                                                            Manager/Senior      Summery/Case File       transfer.
                                                            Practitioner.       Audit.
      4   Arrangement made for files to be                  Locality Team       Case transfer           As needed.
          transferred from office to office.                Admin Support.      notification AC0916
      5   Case allocated to new practitioner in the         LAC Team                                    As needed.
          LAC Team.                                         Manager/Senior
Reviewed           April 2011
Agreed by CSMT     May 2011
Next Review Date   April 2013
     No Task                                           Responsible         Record required on Performance
                                                       officer             RAISE              standard
                                                        Practitioner.
      6   Relevant people within Borough notified of    LAC Team Admin                        On allocation
          change of worker.                             Support.
      7   Introductory/handover visit to child/young    Locality and LAC   Case recording     Within 2
          person.                                       Team               sheet.             weeks of
                                                        Practitioners.                        transfer.
 Reviewed                 N/A
 Agreed by CSMT           May 2011
 Next Review Date         April 2013


6.47      Looked After Children : Visiting Arrangements / Requirements

 Objective                        To ensure children are safeguarded and that support and supervision of
                                   the placement takes place.
                               




 Legal & Policy Status            The Children Act 1989 Regulation 32–34
                                  Children Act Guidance
                                  Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                  Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                  The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                  Fostering Services Regulations 2011
                                  Children‟s Homes (amended) Regulations 2011
                                  Accommodated Children Visiting Arrangements Regulations 2011


                                                                                        Cross-Referencing
 Key Points
 1     The care planning guidance above provides a framework of requirements for
       the social worker‟s task of supervision of the placement and working with the
       child and carer towards achieving the objectives of the care plan for the
       child.
 2     The social worker who is the supervisor of the placement should have
       knowledge of the child before placement and the child should know the
       particular social worker.
 3     Visits should take place as often as the circumstances of the individual child
       and placement require, but at the very least as detailed below.
 4     It is necessary to check out the perceptions of the child and their
       carer/residential social worker in relation to the aims of the placement plan.
 5     In order to monitor the suitability of the placement environment the
       supervisor will need to assess the attitudes of others in the household to the
       child and the placement and to be aware of significant changes in their
       attitudes or circumstances.
 6     Whilst the support and development of the foster carer is the responsibility
       of the Fostering & Placement Team, (if an in-house resource) the child‟s
       social worker needs to relate to the carer(s) and ensure open communication
       is encouraged.
 7     Statutory visiting requirements are applicable to children subject to care       Placement with
       orders who are placed with their parents.                                        parents


                                                                                        Cross-Referencing
 Standards
 1     Visiting requirements are:
       a) Within one week of the beginning of the placement
       b) At intervals of not more than 6 weeks during the first year of the
            placement
       c) Thereafter at intervals of not more than 12 weeks and also whenever
            reasonably requested by the child or the person with whom the child is
            placed.
 2     The child should be seen alone on each visit, unless this is not appropriate,
       i.e. a very young child or one who requires an interpreter.
 3     Any decision to not see the child alone should be recorded on the child‟s case
       file.

 No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                         officer          on RAISE             standard
 1     Visit the child.                                  Social worker    Case Recording       Within one
                                                                          Sheet                week of
Reviewed            N/A
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013
No Task                                                Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                       officer         on RAISE          standard
                                                                                         placement
                                                                                         commencing
2   Assess the child‟s needs and circumstances and     Social worker   Case Recording    During visit
    how the placement is meeting these needs and                       Sheet
    promoting their welfare. This should include
    consideration of their health, educational,
    emotional, social, religious and cultural needs.
3   Report to team manager, family placement           Social worker   Case Recording    Immediately
    social worker, if there is concern about the                       Sheet
    child‟s well-being or the functioning of the
    placement.
4   Make a decision about how the concerns will be     Team manager    Case Recording    Immediately
    dealt with, this should include consideration of                   Sheet
    informing the parent and person with parental
    responsibility, relevant Council or family
    placement team.
5   In circumstances where there are concerns that     Social worker   Case recording    Immediately
    the child may be at risk of significant harm the                   Sheet
    Team Manager should be informed and
    decisions made about the possibility of
    implementing the safeguarding procedures.
6   Record the placement visit.                        Social worker   Case Recording    Within 2
                                                                       Sheet             working days
7   Repeat process not less than every six weeks       Social worker   Case Recording    Within 2
    during the first year of placement.                                Sheet             working days
8   Repeat process not less than every twelve          Social worker   Case Recording    Within 2
    weeks thereafter.                                                  Sheet             working days
 Reviewed              N/A
 Agreed by CSMT        May 2011
 Next Review Date      April 2013


6.48      Looked After Children : Former Looked After Children In Detention

 Objective                     To ensure staff are aware of local authority responsibilities towards
                                former looked after children in custody.
                            




 Legal & Policy Status         Children Act 1989
                               Local Authority Social services Act 1970
                               Children & Young Persons Act 2008
                               The Visits to Former Looked After Children in Detention (England)
                                Regulations 2010
                               Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need & Their Families
                               Care Standards Act 2000


                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
 Key Points
 1     Research and data indicates that looked after children enter custody at a
       higher rate than other children.
 2     Where a child is subject to a Care Order (under S:31 CA1989) and a local
       authority shares parental responsibility, they will have ongoing duties to
       support the child in custody and post release resettlement period.
 3     Where children are entitled to support as care leavers, they become relevant
       children and are entitled to support in custody and in post release
       resettlement period.
 4     This guidance applies to children who lose their looked after status on
       entering custody. These are: children who were accommodated under S:20
       CA1989 prior to custody and whose sentence ends before their 16th birthday,
       children who are aged 16 or 17 but have been looked after for less than 13
       weeks since the age of 14.
 5     If parents or wider family are assessed as being able to meet their needs
       whilst in custody and on release, there is no ongoing role for the local
       authority.
 6     Where there are concerns about the child‟s safety in custody, the local         CA1989 Guidance &
       authority does not have the power to terminate the placement, but can take      Regulations.
       other steps and ensure the child‟s welfare.                                     Responsibility
                                                                                       towards former
                                                                                       looked after
                                                                                       children in
                                                                                       custody.
 7     Where the plan is for the child to become looked after again or to receive
       support services in the community post release, the local authority must be
       involved in the plan for release.


                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
 Standards
 1     All children who may be in need are entitled to an assessment under
       S.17.CA1989.
 2     When a young person is remanded or sentenced to custody, the local
       authority must then appoint a representative to visit the child.
 3     This representative should be a qualified social worker though there may be
       some circumstances where a residential worker or someone familiar to the
       child might be appropriate.
 4     The Independent Reviewing Officer (IRO) must be informed of the child‟s
       placement in custody.
 5     Within 5 working days the local authority must provide information to the       CA1989 Guidance &
       custodial establishment.                                                        Regulations. Local
                                                                                       Authority
Reviewed             N/A
Agreed by CSMT       May 2011
Next Review Date     April 2013

                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
Standards
                                                                                       responsibilities
                                                                                       towards former
                                                                                       looked after
                                                                                       children in
                                                                                       custody.
6    The child must be visited within 10 working days of their entering custody.
7    The assessment of a child‟s needs must be completed within 20 working days
     of the child entering custody.
8    Where parents are unavailable or unable to exercise their parental rights, the
     local authority will undertake ongoing visits and provide support and
     practical help whilst the child is in custody.
9    Every local authority will have a designated manager to decide how the local
     authority will act on the representative‟s recommendations and delivery the
     service to the child in custody.
10   There will be joint protocols between local authorities and Youth Offending
     Teams (YOT) for delivery of support services to former looked after children
     in custody.
11   Where it has been agreed that the child will need ongoing support whilst in
     custody, or that they will need to become looked after again on release, they
     should be visited in the same way as any other looked after child, i.e. at
     intervals of not more than 6 weeks for the first year and 3 months thereafter.

No Task                                                Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                       officer          on RAISE             standard
1    On a child entering custody, the responsible      LAC Team         SS 162               Immediate
     authority must allocate a Personal Advisor and    Manager/Senior   RAISE record
     work with the young person to prepare a           Practitioner
     Pathway Plan.
2    Inform ECO of placement in custody.                                RAISE record         Immediate
3    The custodial unit must be contacted with the     Local            RAISE case note      Within 5
     following information:                            Authority‟s                           working days
            Child‟s previous care status;             representative
            Person/s with PR
            Name/contact details of local
             authority‟s representative and
             designated manager;
            Immediate information to ensure safety;
            Relevant information about family/
             carers;
            Any other information that will enhance
             care and of child;
            Date of representative‟s visit.
4    Visit child in custody.                         Local              RAISE record         Within 10
                                                     Authority‟s                             working days
                                                     representative
5    Complete assessment of child‟s needs whilst in Local               Assessment           Within 20
     custody and on release, to include:             Authority‟s        RAISE record         working days
           Risk of self harm;                       representative
           Emotional state;
           Educational, health, religious and
            cultural needs;
           Child‟s parents‟ ability to meet their
            needs whilst in custody and on release;
           Child‟s wishes and feelings and parents‟
            views.
Reviewed            N/A
Agreed by CSMT      May 2011
Next Review Date    April 2013
No Task                                              Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                     officer         on RAISE          standard
6   Assessment to be forwarded to relevant           Local Authority RAISE record      Immediate
    people, including child, YOT, custodial unit,    representative
    parents/carers
7   Visit as per requirements for any other looked   Local            RAISE record     At least 6
    after child.                                     Authority‟s                       weekly for
                                                     representative                    first year,
                                                                                       thereafter 3
                                                                                       monthly
8   Where a child is serving a long sentence, Youth Local             RAISE record     Immediate
    Justice board to be informed.                   Authority‟s
                                                    representative
9   Prior to release, child must know:              Local             RAISE record     No later than
           Who is collecting them;                 Authority‟s                        14 days before
           Where they will be living;              representative                     release
           Reporting arrangements;
           Sources of support;
           Arrangements to meet health,
            education and financial needs;
           When they will see their SW/PSW

				
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