Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

THE ROLE OF THE COACH THE ROLE OF THE COACH by dfgh4bnmu

VIEWS: 13 PAGES: 49

									THE ROLE OF THE
     COACH
          EWF SYMPOSIUM
Ve r o n a , I t a l y, M a r c h 2 7 , 2 0 1 0



             B y Ta m a s F E H E R ( H U N )
             Great Britain Head Coach

                                                  1
“… NOT EVERY OUTSTANDING COMPETITOR
    BECOMES A SUCCESSFUL COACH
                      &
THE BEST COACHES WERE NOT NECESSARILY
          ELITE COMPETITORS”

                 WHY?
           week personal character?
    professional knowledge below the line?
         low professional education?
     lack of willingness for self-education?
         lack of coaching experience?
            lack of motivation, etc.?
                                               2
   What   ‘ BEING A COACH ’ means?

                      • The most complex

                      • The most complete

                      • Unique role

                THE COACH
brings out such performance from his/ her
athletes that would have not been achieved
    without his/ her active contribution
                                             3
 COACH
   vs.

PHYSICAL
TRAINER
    ?
           4
                 T H E C OAC H
forms, develops and exerts positive influence on athlete’s:

   general and specific PHYSICAL capabilities
   PSICHOLOGICAL capabilities
   MENTAL capabilities

lays down the FOUNDATIONS of a future sport career

forms and develops the athlete’s PERSONALITY

prepares the athlete to the CHALLENGES OF LIFE


                                                          5
You as a COACH are simultaneously:
     a physical educator
    a teacher
    a fellow and a friend
    a role model
    a controller
    a motivator
    a critique
    a supporter
    a counsellor, etc.
                                     6
PHILOSOPHY OF COACHING

             „ T H E C O M PA S S ”
       Which directs you in every moment

  WE ALL HAVE such a philosophy,
  which may or may not be conscious

                 
 Even you are a beginner coach or an
        experienced, „old fox”
                                           7
Your COACHING PHILOSOPHY determines:

 your professional decisions
 your attitude
 your behaviour with athletes
 your relationship to your sport

 your motivations for educating young people
 example shown by yourself

                                               8
 SEVERAL DECISIVE PRINCIPLES are
 followed
 followed day by day, even unconsciously


                                     positive)
It is s based on several developing (positive)
              HUMAN VALUES


 It is always INDIVIDUAL and depends on
    is
         YOUR OWN PERSONALITY


                                                 9
                         The young athlete
                    at the most receptive age
              I D E N T I F I E S weightlifting
                         with the C O A C H
                                 
The coach is the first and the most important
                               ROLE MODEL
                                 
            HUGE RESPONSIBILITY

                                                  10
    A COACH is characterized by :

   PERSONAL, HUMAN characteristics

     PROFESSIONAL characteristics

EXTERNAL & CONDITIONAL characteristics

                                     11
PERSONAL, HUMAN CHARACTERISTICS
    patience
    recognition of the athlete
    critical sense
    self-critical sense an willingness
    ethical sense
    objectivity
    ability to demonstrate positive example
    manager abilities
    capability to handle conflicts
    skill and ability to cooperate
    ability to decide
                                              12
resoluteness
flexibility
emotional control
motivation ability
charismatic personality
ability to work in stressful condition
communication related abilities
ability to form human relationships
empathy
ability to transfer knowledge and information
intelligence
                                                13
PROFESSIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

  T he coach SHOULD possess
HIGH LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE of:

 AGE SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS of the
 developing male and female organism
 characteristics of ADULT MALE/ FEMALE organism
 ANATOMICAL, biomechanical laws, mechanism of
 muscle function,
 HEALTH protection
 prevention and rehabilitation of INJURIES      14
nature of the required general and sport specific
PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

general and sport specific TRAINING THEORY

training methods for DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS
and GENDERS

TRAINING PLANNING

              methods of TECHNICAL TEACHING,
                      PRACTICE & CORRECTION

                                                    15
symptoms, prevention, treatment of
OVERTRAINING

knowledge of related SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES

NUTRITION SCIENCES and LEGAL supplements

             PREVENTION of illegal performance
                                  enhancement


                                                 16
characteristic of COACHING TYPES

technical RULES

 functioning and accident free use of SPORT
INSTRUMENTS

IT



                                              17
EXTERNAL AND CONDITIONAL
    CHARACTERISTICS

          good health
             fitness
       good appearance
        healthy lifestyle
    refusal of harmful habits
        physical activity
       personal hygiene
                                18
           COACHING TASKS
conditional, psychological, mental and technical
DEVELOPMENT

PERFORMANCE development

organization and management of TRAININGS

ensuring PROPER TRAINING CONDITIONS

management of the SUPPORTING TEAM

following up the technique, results and
preparation of the OPPONENTS
                                                   19
SUPPORTING the athlete (sport specific and – if
required – private, job-related issues, etc.)

TECHNICAL teaching, practice

continuous TECHNICAL CORRECTION (due to
body weight, body constitution changes)

continuous FOLLOW UP of the changing general
and specific capabilities (adaptation)

PERFORMANCE analysis, training process analysis

                                                  20
TRAINING PLANNING (individually tailored long-,
mid-, and short term plans)

management of athletes in COMPETITIONS,
managing COMPETITION TACTICS

RECRUITING new athletes, POPULARIZATION of
the sport, protection of its good name

following up general & specific SPORT LITERATURE

ORGANIZED coaching education, SELF-education

ADMINISTRATIVE tasks
                                                   21
              BEHAVIOURAL NORMS
                 OF COACHES
                 THE COACH ALWAYS:

respects the dignity and the personality rights

respects and acknowledges the individual values

respects, takes care of and develops the talent

treats the athletes according to their individual & age
specific characteristics

judges the athletes equally, without discrimination
                                                          22
under all circumstances is fair and honest

refrains from any improper treatment and pays attention
to such treatments

under no circumstances initiates sexual relationship or
accepts that from the athletes

in case of refusing such relationship, the moral reasons
should be explained

physical contact should be restrained
to only training & competition related
movements
                                                      23
adequately looks after the injured athlete

helps the athlete to request medical treatment, and
ensures help from a physician if required

always behaves in a professional way

the verbal style is educated, appreciative, friendly

shouldn’t use profane, degrading, offensive style

under no circumstances uses physical force, violence,
psychological or emotional pressure

                                                        24
under no circumstances enforces the athletes to use:
   illegal performance enhancing substances (DOPING)
   legal performance enhancing substances, drugs,
   which may have harmful side effects

refrains from harmful habits (smoking, drinking)
during trainings, at competition

teaches the athletes to refuse these harmful habits

               moderates his/her own harmful habits


                                                       25
committed to the sport, the education and teaching of
young athletes

constantly searches for new possibilities to develop
athletes’ capabilities, performance  in a legal way

keeps record of the competition and training results

constantly obtains information about new rules, laws
and regulations and adequately applies them


fights against all types and methods of
DOPING
                                                        26
                          work,
supports the studies, the work, the family and private
life of the athletes

accepts all decisions of the referees without any
negative gesture or reaction

expects/ teaches similar behaviour to the athletes

if a given decision seems to be unjustified, he/ she
should exploit every possibility for a legal redress


                                                         27
LEADERSHIP - TYPES OF COACHES

                         DEMOCRATIC
                          AUTOCRATIC
                          L IBERAL

Similar features to the general manager types

   “As many manager, there are so many
            manager types”
  It can be accepted only with some reservations

             T he DOMINANT TYPE
determines
determine s the behaviour and attitude of a coach
                                                   28
 T H E D E M OC R ATI C
        C OACH

                “culture-
Creats the best “culture-medium” for the successful
       coach-        (coach-
       coach-athlete (coach-team) collaboration
The coach involves the athlete (team members)
        to certain extent, into the decisions

      Two basic types of democratic coach:
      - democratic EXECUTIVE type
      - democratic COOPERATIVE type
                                                  29
 D EMOCRATIC COOPERATIVE TYPE
            classical
            classical democratic type
               positive, athlete-
      the most positive , athlete-centric attitude

 Coach and the athlete collaborate and decide
                           about:
                together about:
            training objectives
              training tasks
              the way to achieve them

  The coach trusts the athlete, asks his/her opinion
The coach counts on athlete’s personal experience,
                     ideas
                                                       30
The training process analysis (up to a certain level)
               is carried out together
                          
 ncreased
Increased athlete’s responsibility + motivating for
         individual activity and innovation

     Not in conflict with the coach’s leading role,
                                              role,
      decisions are taken by the coach alone


     Effectiveness of the decisions depend
           feed-
    on the feed-back signs, information flow and
                 athlete’s own ideas
                                                        31
         T he democratic coaching behaviour
            IS NOT IN CONTRADICTION
 with the requirement of disciplinary actions or with
              justified punishments

The incorrect behaviour should have consequences
            directed to the negative events
                       BUT NOT
                                     athlete!
           to the personality of the athlete!

                         
  The athlete should know that the punishment is
          approved by the community
                                                        32
                XECUTIVE
  D EMOCRATIC E XECU TIVE TYPE
  It shows some similarity to the autocratic style

   The coach decides alone and then informs the
  athlete about the decisions and their consequences


If the athlete requires he/ she is willing to give further
                         info



                                                        33
The coach’s personal respect and prestige based on:
                                                on:

    professional knowledge

    management capability and skill

    openness and flexibility

    athlete-
    athlete-centric views

    performance oriented behaviour



                                                      34
   THE LIBERAL COACH

  ermitting”
“Permitting” or “Non-interfering” type
                “Non-


 Defines the targeted objectives, training tasks only
      roughly,
      roughly, in some cases in a passive way

  Often forces the athlete to choose the proper
          training methods by him/ herself
                          
   The athlete is forced to make even significant
                                           experience
 decisions with insufficient knowledge and experience
                                                        35
 The coach does not require any opinion, ideas
                from the athlete

     I f the athlete expresses such opinion
                         
he/she is willing to listen and does not oppose them

  The instructions are weak, incomplete, and
            no explanation is provided

Training control is inconsistent and weak, the coach
 interferes only where and when it is indispensable

                                                       36
Not interested to establish and sustain respect


   No constructive collaboration between
             coach and athlete


Compensation of low professional knowledge
                      
  looking for popularity among the athletes

                  D A N G E R:
  anarchy,                processes,
  anarchy, spontaneous processes, accidental
       results, injuries, overtraining, etc.
       results,
                                                  37
        THE AUTOCRATIC
             COACH

                                           way,
   He/she demands respect in a dictatorial way,
          directs the trainings by orders


     The athlete is not involved in the decisions


Only the final results, the training and competition tasks,
                 etc., are communicated
                              
    which should only be executed by the athlete
                                                          38
                                  alone:
  The autocratic coach determines alone :
          the training goals and objectives
         the way how to achieve such goals
                        achieve
     no interference from the athlete is allowed

The coach is not interested in the personal problems
                    of the athlete


The coach’s decisions are not allowed to be modified
EVEN IF THEY ARE PROVED TO BE WRONG
     and the coach realized his/her own mistake !

                                                       39
   The athlete’s only task is the
   unconditional execution



Only the coach exclusively knows the required
                  information

        meaningful,
     No meaningful, functioning cooperation
           between coach and athlete
                      
         The coach does not require it

                                                40
 The prestige originates only from his/ her status
                       
The unconditional subordination and the loyalty
           are highly appreciated


                      MANAGEMENT:
      THE DICTATORIAL MANAGEMENT:
  does not reduce significantly the negative events
        results resistance against the coach
           minimizes the information flow




                                                      41
The training process based on fear and “respect”
                        
 stops and looses its targets and task oriented
                 character a.s.a.p.
            the coach is NOT present


                The Main Goal is
                         
        The coach’s personal success
                         
          it is targeted by all means

                                                   42
                    „role-
                The „role-play” of coach

The attitude of the coach is determined by the dominant
         character type closely associated with:

             the personality
             general & specific professional knowledge
             practical experience
             motivational base
             intelligence, etc.
                                                         43
Does it logical to conclude that:

Democratic type is the unambiguously positive
                      
     and it should always be followed ?


 Liberal & autocratic types are undoubtedly
                  negative
                     
          should not be followed ?

                                                44
the coaching very often is similar
like acting


  it’s realized in a given situation through inter-
  it’                                        inter-
               personal relationships

 you should apply (usually temporarily) the different
           types, even autocratic type
                         
with good pedagogical, psychological senses,
  positive attitude, motivation and intelligence

                                                        45
                                  OF:
         WHAT WOULD BE THE RESULT OF:


DEMOCRATIC OR LIBERAL coaching in case of a
   young, antisocial, rebellious type athlete?

                     OR

A HARD, AUTOCRATIC BEHAVIOUR in case of
      an adult, cooperating elite athlete?


                                                 46
            “THE ART OF COACHING”

capability to change or modify (temporally) coaching
                      behaviour
                          
according to a given objective, situation, individual and
                  group interest, etc.
                          
  while the coach’s basic behavioural type is kept




                                                        47
 IT IS NOT OBLIGATORY TO MAKE
          A CHAMPION,
          AT ANY PRICE,
                       ATHLETES
FROM EVERY ONE OF YOUR ATHLETES !




                                48
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
    ATTENTION!




                     49

								
To top