The Ukrainian Weekly 1983 by cuiliqing

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Vol. LI                        No. 16                      THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY           SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                          25 bents

Soviet political prisoners tell pope                                                      UNA executive officers meet
of crackdown on Easter gathering                                                          Adopt resolution on community law and order
   JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Twelve were immediately placed in a camp                              JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The UNA`s             with the representatives of the Ukraii
Soviet political prisoners, including prison for 15 days, charged with or­                Supreme Executive Committee, citing          nian Fraternal Association, to support
    rainians My kola Rudenko, Муго– ganizing an illegal assembly. Mr. Shev­               the intransigence of the Ukrainian           the already planned actions and to
     !-Marynovych and Oles Shevchenko, chenko was deprived of his annual                  Liberation Front representatives who         propose new actions aimed at realizing
    ned an open letter to Pope John Paul family visit and held in a punishment            act in the name of the Ukrainian             in the briefest possible time — and not
II in late February in which they cell for 10 days. The others were also                  Congress Committee of America, un­           later than by the end of this year - our
described the crackdown by labor-camp punished, including Mr. Lubman, a                   animously decided to support actions         unanimous decision of July 22, 1982,
officials on an Easter gathering by Jewish convert to Orthodoxy.                          aimed at realizing "the formation of a       which stated: 'With the constant consul­
inmates last year.                          "Alas, the days when Mrs. Eleanor             representative community organiza­           tation and full cooperation of all other
   The letter also warned Western Roosevelt was shown exemplary Soviet                    tion" that would function in the tradi­      members of the Committee for Law and
leaders to be wiry of Soviet anti-nuclear prisoners reading Bibles and Korans are         tion of the pre-13th-Congress UCCA.          Order in the UCCA, to continue to
rhetoric, and noted that peace marches long gone," the letter said. "In our                  The supreme officers of the Ukrai­        make all efforts to fully realize the
in the West are "supported vociferously times, prisoners cannot obtain a Bible            nian National Association made this          formation of a representative commu­
by Soviet propaganda."                    even by carrying out hunger strikes             decision at their regular meeting on         nity organization, which will continue
                                          lasting many months, access to a priest         Wednesday, April 6, here at the UNA          the tradition of the UCCA prior to the
   In addition to the Ukrainians, the for confession is totally out of the                headquarters. They announced their            13th Congress and its predecessors...' "
letter was signed by Heinrich Altunian, question, crosses are forcibly removed            decision in the form of a resolution, the       The regular meeting of the Supreme
Vladimir Balakhonov, Norair Grygo- in prisons and during transportation to                full text of which appears on page 3.        Executive Committee was called to
rian, Viktor Nekipelov, Alexander places of confinement, and the carrying                     Pointing to the absence of willingness   order and conducted by Supreme Presi­
Ogorodnikov, Viktor Nitsoo, Anatanas out of any religiousrites,even prayer, is             to compromise and of good will on the       dent John O. Flis. In attendance were:
Terliatskas, Leonid Lubman and V. forbidden."                                              part of the "Ukrainian Liberation Front     Supreme Vice President Myron B.
Zosinov.                                     The prisoners also asked the pope to          representatives in the UCCA," as well as    Kuropas, Supreme Director for Canada
   All of the men are currently incar­ intervene with Western peace and anti-              to tile condemnation by the Liberation      Sen. Paul Yuzyk, Supreme Vice Presi­
cerated in Camp No. 36, part of the vast nuclear groups by relaying their con­             Front press of the U.S. Ukrainian           dent Gloria Paschen, Supreme Secre­
penal complex in the city of Perm in the cern that the Soviets are manipulating            Catholic hierarchs' appeal to the faith­    tary Walter Sochan, Supreme Treasurer
northern regions of the Russian SFSR. the freeze movement for their own                    ful and the leaders of Ukrainian com­       Ulana Diachuk and Supreme Organizer
A similar letter, signed by the same purposes.                                             munity organizations, the UNA officers      Stefan Hawrysz.
prisoners with the exception of Messrs.      They also asked the pontiff to convey        concluded that: "The continuation of            Each officer delivered a report at the
Lubman and Zosinov, was sent to their protest to Patriarch Pimen, head                     this state of affairs is only an un­        meeting. First to speak was Mrs. Dia­
President Ronald Reagan.                  of the officially-sanctioned Russian             necessary waste of time that is injurious   chuk.
   Both letters dealt with a 1982 Easter Orthodox Church, and to Metropolitan              to our community."
incident, when camp guards broke up a Filaret, patriarchal exarch of Ukraine.                 The officers went on to state in their          Supreme treasurer's report
holiday supper attended by 14 prisoners. They said that their own appeals to the           resolution: "Therefore, we charge our
According to the inmates, Messrs. hierarchs have been confiscated by                       representatives on the Committee for           The UNA supreme treasurer began
Rudenko, Marynovych and Nekipelov prison officials.                                        Law and Order in the UCCA, along             her 1982 report informing the Executive
                                                                                                                                       Committee of new investments in bonds,
                                                                                                                                       totaling 5693,978.53 and mortgages
Pentecostals leave embassy, return to Siberia                                                                                          totaling 5204,000, as well as matured or
                                                                                                                                       sold bonds which have reached
    MOSCOW - Six Soviet Pente­                allowed to leave the country. Ms.           was a relief to the Americans, who have      5261,000.
costals who have spent nearlyfiveyears        Vashchenko, who returned to Cher-           been unable to convince them over the           Mrs. Diachuk continued her report,
cloistered in the U.S. Embassy here left      nogoisk after being released from the       years that the U.S. government was           stating that the UNA had increased its
the compound on April 12 and returned         hospital early last year, was allowed to    virtually powerless to affect their emi­     assets by 51,278,565, bringing the total
to their hometown in Siberia.                 apply to emigrate either to West Ger­       gration.                                     to 547,879,427 in 1982. Net income on
   A seventh member of the group,             many or Israel, a move which appeared          The Vashchenkos had managed to            investments was 7.6 percent, an increase
which includes four members of the            to break the impasse.                       enter the embassy several times before       of 0.8 percent over .ast year. Total
Vashchenko family along with Maria               "We saw Lidia`s departure from the       they took sanctuary there, and had           income came to 58,425,732, or 7 percent
Chmykhalov and her son, was allowed           Soviet Union as a good sign for our         ended up serving labor-camp terms. In        more than in 1981. Interest on invest­
to emigrate to Israel on April 6. Lidia       families," said Liuba Vashchenko,            1978, however, they refused to leave,       ments totaled 53,684,536, an increase of
Vashchenko, 32, who had lived in the          Lidia's sister, as the group was depart­    and for three months they camped in the       17.5 percent.
embassy before being evacuated to a           ing the U.S Embassy for a drive to          waiting room of the consular section,           The UNA collected 52,983,009 in
hospital 14 months ago after a lengthy        Domodevodo airport outside Moscow.          fed by embassy employees. Eventually,        membership dues, a decrease of 540,808
hunger strike, arrived in Austria 10 days     "We have an invitation from Lidia in        two cramped basement rooms were              from the previous year.
ago.                                          Israel, and we have our hope in God. He     found for the seven, where they lived,          All expenditures totaled 57,147,167,
   Ms. Vashchenko's emigration signal­        never left us and never will leave us."     doing odd jobs arourd the embassy.           an increase of 5687,858, or 10.6 percent
ed a breakthrough in the dramatic                The other members of her family,            In December 1981, after hunger            more than in 1981. If one were to
diplomatic stalemate which has dragged        parents Petro and Augustina, and sister     strikes by other Soviet dissidents seem­     subtract the general costs of the 1982
on since June 27, 1978, when she, her         Lilia, seemed to share her optimism.        ed to bring results, Mrs. Vashchenko         convention, which was 5354,381, then
parents, two sisters and the Chmykhalovs      But Timothy Chmykhalov, 20, called          and daughter Lidia declared a fast and       the ,ncrease in disbursements was 5.1
burst past guards and into the embassy        the departure from the embassy "a risk,     despite telephone calls from President       percent.
in a desperate effort to gain assistance in   a big risk."                                Ronald Reagan and former President              Payments to members reached
their bid to leave the Soviet Union. A          "The main thing I want to tell you,"      Jimmy Carter vowed to carry on until         52,833,547, close to 5110,000 more than
brother was caught, beaten and dragged        he told reporters, "is that people should   their families could emigrate.               in 1981. Payments on certificates in­
off before he reached the embassy.            not forget us now."                            After 34 days, the embassy decided        creased by over 550,000, cash surrenders
   The Soviets had maintained that they          American embassy officials declined      that Lidia needed hospitalization, and       by approximately 529,000 and death
would consider the group's request only       comment on what role they might have        she was rushed to a Moscow hospital.         benefits by 517,000.
after they returned to Chernogorsk,           played in facilitating either Lidia`s       After recovery, she was allowed to              The organizing department expenses
their hometown. The Pentecostals,             emigration or the departure of her          return to Chernogorsk to take charge of      rose by 520,000 in 1982 with payments
citing continued government persecu­          family.                                     her younger brothers and sisters. In all,    totaling 5487,969.
tion of their faith, refused to leave           There seemed little doubt, however,       there are 21 Vashchenkos, most of               Salaries, taxes and insurance cost the
without a guarantee that they would be        that the departure of the Pentecostals                 (Continued on page 3)                        (Continue' on page 5)
2                                                               THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY           SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                          :                                          No. 16

     Dissident profile
                                                                                               Solzhenitsyn fund administrator
                                                                                               is taken into KGB custody
                  Yaroslav Lesiv:                                                                 MOSCOW - Sergei Khodorovich,                        The fund, officially called the Russian
                                                                                                                                                   Social Fund, has come under intense
                                                                                               who administered exiled Soviet writer's
              framed on drug charge                                                            Alexander Solzhenitsyn's dissident aid
                                                                                               fund here, has been detained by the
                                                                                                                                                   government pressure over the past year.
                                                                                                                                                    Valery Repin, a fund worker from
                                                                                               KGB, dissident sources said on April 9.              Leningrad, was arrested in early 1982
        JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Yaroslav                                                                                                               and charged with "anti-Soviet agitation
                                                                                                  According to Reuters, Mr. Khodoro­
      Lesiv, now 40, is currently in the                                                                                                           and propaganda."
                                                                                               vich was taken into custody by the
     second year of a five-year labor-                                                                                                                Last month, Mr. Repin, 32, recanted
                                                                                               security police on April 7 after a two-
     camp term. The former physical                                                                                                                his activities on a Leningrad TV broad­
                                                                                               hour search of his apartment, the
     education teacher and member of the                                                                                                           cast, indicating that he was manipu­
                                                                                               sources said. No charges have been
      Ukrainian Helsinki Group is part of                                                                                                          lated by U.S. intelligence agencies. It
                                                                                               made public.
     a group of former political prisoners                                                                                                         could not be confirmed whether Mr.
     and dissidents recently charged and                                                          The 42-year-old computer program­
                                                                                               mer has been involved with the fund,                 Repin was coerced into making his
     sentenced for fabricated criminal                                                                                                             confession.
     rather than overtly political offenses.                                                   designed to help the families of impri­
     This practice, devised while current                                                      soned dissidents, since it was set up                  Over the last year, Mr. Khodorovich's
     Soviet leader Yuri Andropov was                                                           from the royalties from Mr. Solzhe­                 apartment had been searched three
     head of the KGB, was instituted by                                                        nitsyn's "Gulag Archipelago," a 1974                times by the KGB, which confiscated
     the Soviets in an attempt to legitimize                                                   book about Soviet labor camps.                      papers and documents regarding the
     their claim that political deviationists                                                                                                      fund's activities. The confiscations
                                                                                                 Mr. Khodorovich took over the                     severely hampered the preparation of
     are, at bottom, criminals. ' .."                                                          administration of the fund in 1977 after            the fund's financial report, dissident
        A long-time Ukrainianactivistand                                                       others involved were arrested or emi­               sources said.
                                                            Yaroslav Lesiv ,
     advocate of Ukrainian independence,                                                       grated.
      Mr. Lesiv joined the Helsinki Group                                                                                                             After news of the searches at Mr.
                                                then head of the Communist Party of                                                                Khodorovich's home reached Mr. Sol­
     in September 1979. One month later,        the Ukrainian SSR, demanding
     Soviet authorities framed him on a                                                                                                            zhenitsyn early last year, he remarked;
                                                Ukrainian independence.                                                                            "That is what presents a threat to the
     phony narcotics charge.
        Summoned for an X-ray examina­
                                                    By 1967, however, the arm of
                                                official repression came down on the
                                                                                               Solidarity leader                                   Communists — help given to children.
                                                                                                                                                   A rocket power has discovered its
     tion in the town of Bolekhiv in the
     Ivano-Frankivske region, Mr. Lesiv
                                                group. Nine men were arrested for
                                                their connection with the group,
                                                                                               stands trial                                        enemies."
     was ordered to leave his clothes in an     including Messrs. Lesiv and Krasiv-
     adj'eirring rodm Later during a                                                              WARSAW - A Solidarity leader
                                                sky, who were sentenced, respective­           who was active in emigre circles before
     sud"cren police' raid" art his home        ly, to six and five years' imprison­
     agents discovered two tablets and a        ment. In addition, both were sen­
                                                                                               returning to Poland two years ago went
                                                                                               before a military court in the city of
                                                                                                                                                   Rights activists
     tobacco-like substance in the lining       tenced to five years' internal exile,-a        Bydgoszcz on April 11, charged with
     of the jacket he had worn to the
                                                form of enforced residence.
                                                    The other men arrested were:
                                                                                               trying to overthrow the Communist                   are sentenced
        Although he denied any know­            Dmytro Kvestko, 30, an organizer of                                                                   MOSCOW - Three Soviet human-
     ledge of the uncovered substance,          the group, who was sentenced to five              The trial of the former emigre, Ed­              rights activists have been sentenced this
      Mr. Lesiv was arrested and charged        years in a labor camp, five in prison          mund Baluka, who had lived abroad for               month for "anti-Soviet agitation and
     with "narcotics possession" under          and five in internal exile; Vasyl Diak,        nearly a decade, is one of several trials           propaganda," according to Western
      Article 229 of the Ukrainian Criminal     two years in a labor camp,,five years          of Solidarity members now under way,                wire services. -,
      Code.                                     in' prison' an'd'frve internal exile';'tvari   r^drWd-Tfie'New^Y'Otk-Tirfres. -'                      In Moscow, literary critic Zoya
                                                Hubka, an economist, six years'                .'iMt.J'BaJuka'wasuicUve in the.4970                Krakhmalnikova, 52, editor of the
    ''"-After 'sfcrtWg' ni^se`nWrfce in the                                                    worker protests that were suppressed
      Rivne region, Mr. Lesiv was due to        labor camp andfiveyears'exile. Also                                                                Russian Orthodox samizdat anthology
                                                drawing 11-year labor-camp and                 but that led to the ouster of Wladyslaw             "Hope," was sentenced on April 1 to
      be released in November 1981. In­                                                        Gomulka, then the Polish leader.
     stead, he was arrested again on still      exile terms were Mykola Kachur,                                                                    one year in prison and five years'
     unknown charges that May, and              Vasyl Kulynyn, Myron Melen and                    He returned in April 1981, after the             internal exile.
     sentenced to an additional five years'     Hryhoriy Prokopovych.                          rise of the Solidarity free trade union.               Ms. Krakhmalnikova, who was fired
     imprisonment. He is currently serving                                                     The authorities tried to arrest him, but            from her university teaching post in
                                                    After completing his term, Mr.
     his term in the Voroshylovhrad                                                            workers gave him sanctuary in the                    1974 and had been editor of the un­
                                                Lesiv returned to Ukraine. His eye­
     oblast.                                                                                   Szczecin shipyard. He was arrested                  official journal for six years, was
                                                sight, which was always poor, had
                                                                                               after the imposition of martial law in              arrested last August 6.
        Yaroslav Vasylovych Lesiv was           deteriorated to the point that he was
                                                                                                December 1981.                                        In Leningrad, Rostyslav Evdokimov.
     born -Oh January 3,-1943, in the           hearly blind. But his freedom was
    rlvairo`-Ffankivske Tegion of Ukraine.      short-lived. After joining the Ukrai­              Last February, the Socialist bloc of            33, and Vyacheslav Dolinin, 37, both
     As a young man, he befriended              nian Helsinki Group, formed in 1976            the European Parliament called for his              affiliated with the Russian National
     several Ukrainian activists, notably       to monitor Soviet compliance with the           release after reports that he was on a              Labor Alliance (NTS) and the unofficial
     Zinoviy Krasivsky, a poet and philo­       human-rights provisions of the 1975             hunger strike. He was formally charged,            labor union known as SMOT, were
     logist.                                     Helsinki Final Act, Mr. Lesiv be­              the official press said, with advocating           sentenced on April 5.
                                                came the object of official harass­             the overthow of the Communist system,
        In 1964, Mr. Lesiv, then 21, joined
                                                ment, which culminated in his nar­              the removal of Soviet troops from                     These three trials are seen as part of
      Mr. Krasivsky and six other leading
                                                cotics arrest.                                  Poland and Poland's withdrawal from                an ongoing Soviet campaign against
     activists in the region in forming the
                                                                                                the Warsaw Pact, the Soviet bloc's                 individuals who express independent
      Ukrainian National Front, a na­               Mr. Lesiv is married to Stefania            military alliance.                                 views and, more particularly, the un­
     tionalist group which called for the       Fedorivna. The couple has two
     liberation of Ukraine from Soviet          children. In 1976, while Mr. Lesiv                 In all, 21 other Solidarity activists are       official labor movement, which has
     rule.                                      was in exile, his son Taras was born.           currently on trial here in the Polish              come under increased attack since the
        Between 1965 and 1967, the group        Although he is due to be released in            capital, and another 200 are reportedly            formation of the now-outlawed Solida­
     issued a monthly journal, Batkivsh-         1986, Mr. Lesiv may yet end up                 under investigation.                               rity free trade union in Poland in 1980.
     chyna і Svoboda (Fatherland and            staying behind bars, particularly in
      Freedom), in which they publicized        light of his re-arrest while in prison in
     their program. Members also published       1981 just prior to the scheduled
     their literary works in an anthology,      expiration of his term.
     "Mesnyk" ("Avenger").
        The Front also submitted a memo­
      randum to the 23rd Communist
                                                    It is also known that Mr. Lesiv has
                                                been in extremely poor health for
                                                quite some time with heart trouble,
                                                                                                                       Ukrainian WeeklV
      Party Congress and to Petro Shelest,      diabetes and severe myopia.                                                          FOUNDED 1933
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Jehovah's Witnesses tried                                                                          . Л
                                                                                                                            (The Ukrainian W e e k l y - U S P S 570-870)
                                                                                                          Also published by the UNA; .Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.
   FRAMINGHAM, Mass. - Five                     stine Jehovah's Witnesses." The trial
Jehovah's Witnesses were each sen­              took place in the town of Thorez in the           T h e Weekly and Svoboda:                                            UNA:
tenced early this year in Ukraine to five-      Donetske region of Ukraine.                              "  1201)434-0237,434-0807                                            (201) 451-2200
year labor-camp terms for "infringe­                                                                        (212)227-4125                                                     (212) 227-5250
ment of the person and the rights of               The men, who pleaded innocent, were            Yearly subscription rate: 5 8 , UNA members -        55.
citizens under the guise of carrying out        all charged under Article 209 of the
religious rituals."                             Ukrainian Criminal Code, which makes              Postmaster, send address changes to:
   According to Keston News, the five           it a crime for Churches not registered            THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY                             Editor. Roma Sochan Hadzewycz
                                                with the government to openly espouse             P.O. Box 346                                     Associate editor Georgo Bohdan Zarycky
— V. Shagay, I. Starovoyt, M. lvanov,                                                             Jersey City, NJ. 07303
                                                their beliefs. Each man drew the                                                                   Assistant editor Maria Kotomayets
A. Vishkovsky and B. Chislov - were
accused of "being leaders of the clande­        maximum sentence for the offense.
No. 16                                                     THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY        SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                                 3

   Press review
                                                                                         Resolution on community law and order
         Why pope angers Kremlin                                                         of the UNA Supreme Executive Committee
       NEW YORK - The Soviets may            obvious target of the Soviet drive to           We, the members of the Supreme Executive Committee of the Ukrainian
   have been involved in the attempt to      extirpate Ukrainian nationalism and          National Association, gathered at our regular meeting on Wednesday, April
   assassinate Pope John Paul II not         was the only Church in the Soviet            6, 1983, and having heard the reports of Supreme President John O. Flis, our
   only because of his outspoken             Union to be outlawed outright."              representative on the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA, and
   support of Solidarity in his native                                                    Supreme Treasurer Ulana Diachuk, our representative on the National
   Poland, but also because of the              Mr. Alexiev added that the plight         Committee to Commemorate Genocide Victims in Ukraine 1932-33, assert
   positive impact his papacy has had        of Ukrainian Catholics, who he said          the following:
   on the Catholic Church in Eastern         have been persecuted and victimized
                                                                                              1. AH attempts to date of the Committee for Law and Order to bring
   Europe.                                   like no other Church in the Soviet
                                                                                          about this law and order — after it was violated during the preparatory stages
       According to Alex Alexiev, an         Union, has been compounded by
                                                                                          and at the 13th Congress of Ukrainians in America by the representatives of
   analyst of Soviet and East European       "the seeming lack of interest on the
                                                                                          one ideological-political group known under the name "Ukrainian Liberation
   affairs with the Rand Corp., Pope         part of John Paul H's predecessors,
                                                                                          Front" - have not been successful. The representatives of the Ukrainian
   John Paul II has had a revitalizing       who appeared to have abandoned
                                                                                          Liberation Front, who act in the name" of the UCCA, showed not only no
   effect on the Church in Soviet-bloc       them in the interest of good relations
                                                                                          signs of willingness to compromise but no expressions whatsoever of good
   countries because of his staunch          with Moscow."
                                                                                          will. Such an absence of compromise and good will on the part of Ukrainian
   opposition to Communist totalita-            As examples of Pope John Paul             Liberation Front representatives in the UCCA has been confirmed also in the
   rianism and a record of standing up       H's commitment to the Church, Mr.            attempts of the aforementioned national committee to honor the memory of
   to Communist regimes, particularly        Alexiev cited the first synod of             the victims of the Great Famine.
   in Poland, where he was closely tied      Uniate bishops, convoked by the
                                             pontiff in the spring of 1980, and a             2. With great regret and concern we assert that even the well-known and
   with Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski.                                                        hopeful "Appeal of the hierarchs of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the
                                             recent synod called in February.
       Mr. Alexiev made his observations                                                  United States to the faithful and especially to the leaders of all organizations"
    in an article published in the March       "Despite particularly brutal KGB           (September 8, 1982), with its call for an end to the crisis and for peace in the
    30 issue of the Wall Street Journal.    suppression, an underground church            spirit of Christian virtue and national interest - an appeal which was
       In Czechoslovakia, for example,      with as many as 500 priests and three         supported by the official press organ of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in
    the Catholic Church is experiencing     bishops is reported to be flourishing         the U.S.A., which Patriarch Josyf of the "Pomisna" (Particular) Ukrainian
    what Mr. Alexiev described as a         in the Ukraine," Mr. Alexiev report-          Catholic Church supported in his letters, and which all our institutions and
    "remarkable revival," which includes    ed.                                           organizations welcomed with gratitude and new hope — was not welcomed
    widespread underground religious            He also noted the formation in            by Liberation Front representatives. This historic appeal and its authors —
    life and tens of thousands of partici-  Ukraine last year of the Initiative           our hierarchs —"were condemned by the Liberation Front in its press.
    pants and a clandestine press.          Group for the Defense of the Rights               3. The continuation of this state of affairs is only an unnecessary waste of
                                            of the Church, which boldly petition-         time that is injurious to our community, and its development and great goals.
       "The pope has been accused by the ed the government to reopen Uniate                   Therefore, we instruct our representatives on the Committee for Law and
    authorities of actively encouraging churches and monasteries.                         Order in the UCCA, along with the representatives of the Ukrainian
    these illegal activities even to the                                                   Fraternal Association, to support the already planned actions and to propose
    point of consecrating three secret          In addition to his influence with          necessary new actions aimed at realizing in the briefest possible time — and
    bishops for the underground church," Catholic Churches, the pope has also              not later than by the end of this year — our unanimous decision of July 22,
    wrote Mr. Alexiev. "In a bold effort forged links with other East Euro-                1982, which stated: "With the constant consultation and full cooperation of
    to help the Church regain some pean Churches, most notably the                         all other members of the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA, to
    control over its affairs, the Vatican Orthodox denominations.                         continue to make all efforts to fully realize the formation of a representative
   issued a decree in March of 1982            The effectiveness of the pope's            community organization, which will continue the tradition of the UCCA
    prohibiting any political activities by efforts on behalf of Eastern Churches          prior to the 13th Congress and its predecessors..."
    priests, which was seen by many as a can be measured by the vitriol of the
    direct attack on pro-regime Catholic attacks on him in the Soviet and                                                                 Supreme Executive Committee
    organizations through which the Soviet-bloc media. Before his trip to                                                        of the Ukrainian National Association
    authorities often controlled the Poland, for example, the pope was                     Jersey City, N J., April 6, 1983
    Church."                                largely ignored in the Soviet press.
    j In Lithuania, a homogehously But this approach was abruptly
    Catholic Soviet republic, the Church abandoned after his trip, and was
    has been experiencing a dramatic replaced by a strident campaign to
                                                                                       Wall Street Journal: continue Madrid
    revival since the early 1970s, and has paint him as an anti-socialist agent of         NEW YORK - The Wall Street                 "The Helsinki Final Act has been
    emerged as the most militant Church the West.                                      Journal, in a recent editorial, called for   contemptibly treated, but it was not a
    in the Soviet Union.                                                                a continuation of the stalemated            contemptible document," the editorial
                                                                                        Madrid Conference on human rights           went on. "Its standards of human rights
                                                 "Simultaneously, a campaign of
       Within weeks of the pope's elec- physical intimidation, assaults on              and security in Europe, which has been      were far more coherent than the de-
   tion, Lithuanian priests organized a priests and desecration, looting and            in session for over two and a half years.   based slogans now circulating in inter-
   Catholic Committee for the Defense burning of churches has taken place,"                The conference, which was convened       national rhetoric."
   of Believers' Rights, to assist the according to Mr. Alexiev. "Most                  to review compliance with the 1975
    hierarchy in publicizing and resisting ominously, three activist priests (in        Helsinki Accords, has been deadlocked         "Better to let the Madrid stalemate
   the violation of the constitutional Lithuania) have been murdered,                   as a result of East-West haggling over      endure, no matter how sick of it we
    rights of believers.                                                                such issues as human rights and dis-        might be," the editorial said.
                                             following vicious media attacks
                                                                                        armament. The last session recessed on
      According to Mr. Alexiev, Pope against them, in circumstances which               March 25 with both sides still far apart
   John Paul II has firmly, if quietly, suggest KGB involvement."                       on the format and content of a conclud-
   supported the Lithuanian struggle.
                                                 In Mr. Alexiev's view, Mr. An-         ing document.                               Pentecostals leave...
   He has, for example, refused to                                                         Commenting on the possibility that a               (Continued from page 1)
   appoint regime-approved church dropov's rise to power has thus far                  compromise may be reached involving          whom live in Chernogorsk.
   officials, considered collaborators by    signaled greater repression against
                                                                                        the possible release of Soviet dissident       While in Siberia, Lidia became the
   most believers. It is also widely the Catholic Church, highlighted by                Anatoly Shcharansky in exchange for a       target of intense government harass-
   rumored that in 1979 the pope the arrests of the Rev. Svarinskas, a                 softening of Western demands, the            ment. There were reports that she and
   bestowed the cardinal's hat in pectore founding member of the Lithuanian            Journal said that such a move would          her family were beaten by unknown
   to Bishop Stepanovicius, a man believers' committee, and Yosyp                      "shunt aside the reason there's a Madrid     assailants on several occasions. In July
   recognized by most Lithuanians as Terelia, head of the Ukrainian initia-            stalemate to begin with."                    of last year, she, her mother, sister and a
   the head of their Church, even though tive group.                                                                                cousin declared another hunger strike
   he has lived in internal exile for over                                                 The newspaper noted that since the
                                                In his conclusion, Mr. Alexiev         signing of the original agreement eight      to press their demands. The fast coin-
   20 years because of his opposition to noted that as a long as the pope                                                           cided with the fourth anniversary of
   the regime's policies.                                                              years ago, Soviet violations of human
                                             maintains an active interest in the       rights have grown worse, and it cited as     their stay in the embassy.
                                             Church behind the Iron Curtain, he        examples the arrests of members of the          Last month, the authorities told Lidia
      "No less troublesome for the will be perceived as an extremely
    Kremlin," wrote Mr. Alexiev, "has dangerous threat by the Kremlin.                 so-called Helsinki groups, organiza-         to apply for emigration to either Ger-
   been Pope John Paul H's perceived                                                   tions set up by private citizens to          many or Israel even though she was not
   impact on the Ukrainian Catholic              Wrote the author:                     monitor Soviet compliance with the           Jewish or German. She chose
   Church of the Eastern Rite."                  "It should come as no surprise then   accords.                                     Israel, and was granted a visa.
                                             that the Kremlin's attitudes toward          "From a strictly human viewpoint,            Despite Lidia`s departure, there have
      Said Mr. Alexiev of the Church: the pope some four years after his               it's hard to fault the swap of the Madrid    been no guarantees by the Soviets that
   "The Uniate Church, as it is also election and close to two years after             talks for Mr. Shcharansky," said the         the rest of the Pentecostals will follow
   known, has for centuries command- the attempt on his life continue to be            Journal, "but the principle is bother-       in her footsteps and be permitted to leave.
   ed the allegiance of the people in unremittingly hostile and increasing-            some." It said that Mr. Shcharansky is       The Pentecostal denomination, a funda-
   western Ukraine, which was incor- ly confrontational. For Moscow,                   "only the most publicized of the 16 or       mentalist Protestant sect, is not offi-
   porated into the Soviet Union John Paul II was and continues to be                  more incarcerated members of the             cially sanctioned in the USSR. The
   following the Nazi-Soviet pact in much more than a narrow Polish                    Moscow Helsinki Group, not to men-           Soviets have maintained that the sect's
   1939. As a result, it became an problem.                                            tion similar groups in Armenia, Soviet       religious practices violate the country's
                                                                                       Georgia, Lithuania and the Ukraine."         laws.
                                                            THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY          SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                          No. 16

Harvard University announces                                                                           UNWLA appeals for aid
Ukrainian summer session                                                                                for crippled boy, 2Vi
    CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - On June                latter course will examine issues in the
 27, the 13th consecutive session of the      religious and cultural history of Ukraine         JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The U-
 Harvard Ukrainian Summer Institute           from the 9th to the 18th centuries.            krainian National Women's League
 will begin. The Ukrainian Summer                In addition to these five courses, the      of America recently received a letter
 Institute is an eight-week intensive         Harvard Ukrainian Summer Institute             from a mother in Poland seeking aid
academic and extracurricular program          will also offer a new interdisciplinary        for her two-and-a-half-year-old son,
organized jointly by the Harvard             course titled "Readings in Ukrainian            Rostyk, whose left hand has been
 Summer School, the nation's oldest           Culture." The course, which has been           crippled as a result of an accident.
 summer program, and the Ukrainian           designed by Oleh Ilnytzkyj, a lecturer at          Rostyk's palm is immobilized; two
 Research Institute at Harvard Univer-       the University of Manitoba, will present        fingers are missing. To correct the
sity.                                        an analysis of literary and cultural texts      handicap, plastic surgery is necessary.
    This year's session will feature six     plus other cultural documents from the          However, the operation cannot be
accredited university courses in Ukrai-       19th and early 20th century.                   done in Poland.                        „
nian studies: two language courses,              Although the focus will be primarily
three history courses and a new inter-        on literature, the course will also draw         The UNWLA social service and
disciplinary course in Ukrainian civili-     on texts from history and language,            public relations committees have
zation.                                      examining their historical and intellec-       undertaken Rostyk's case. They have
   The la.nguage courses will include         tual background. Among the topics to          made contact with doctors who all
"Beginning Ukrainian" and "Inter-            be covered: Romanticism and the                agree that the operation is not only
mediate Ukrainian," taught by Darya          language question; Shevchenko's im-            possible in the United States, but
Bilyk and Roman Koropeckyj, respec-          pact on Ukrainian literature; populists        essential if Rostyk is to regain use of
tively. Both Ms. Bilyk and Mr. Koro-         versus modernists; the politics of cul-        his left hand. At present, the members
peckyj are doctoral candidates in the        ture in the 1920s, and the avant-garde         of the committees are looking for an
department of Slavic languages and           and its attitude towards Ukrainian             orthopedic surgeon and a hospital
literatures at Harvard University.           tradition. The lectures and discussion         which would offer services at dis-
   The offerings in history will include a   will be conducted in English, the read-        counted rates.
survey course of 19th and 20th century       ings will be in Ukrainian. A good
                                             reading knowledge of Ukrainian is                 Even if surgery could be performed
Ukrainian history taught by Yury                                                            at a relatively low cost, the women's
Boshyk, an assistant professor at the        required.
                                                                                            organization piust extend a formal
University of Toronto; a course on "The          As in previous summers, regular            invitation to the mother and her son,
Ukrainian National Movement on the           university instruction in Ukrainian            and provide money for travel and
Evoof Revolution and Civil War f881r         studies will be supplemented with a            living expenses in the United States.
1917" also to be taught by Mr. Boshyk;       cajendar of cultural activities. Included         The UNWLA is appealing for
and a third course titled "Topics in         among these are guest lectures, exhibits       contributions for Rostyk. Please
Ukrainian Religious History," to be          and films on Ukrainian society and             send checks, marked for the aid of
taught by Prof. Miroslav Labunka of          culture.                                       Rostyk, to the UNWLA Social Ser-
La Salle College in Philadelphia. The            Applicants should be in good stand-        vice Committee, 108 Second Ave.,
                                             ing in their college degree programs.          New York. N.Y. 10003.                                       Rostyk
                                             Those who are not enrolled in an
                                             academic program must be secondary
Fire destroys Plast's                        school graduates, and are required to
                                             submit statements of their interest in'
camp in Australia                            Ukrainian studies. All applicants arc
                                             required to enroli for eight units of
                                             credit transferable to most university
    MELBOURNE, Australia - The               degree programs.
 winds, excessive heat and drought
which caused many fires throughout              Tuition costs for an eight-credit
 Australia in the month of February          program are usually SI, 100. Tuition-
 raged also through the Plast camp-          free scholarships are available to indivi-
 grounds near Melbourne.                     duals who are already members of the
   Within a few hours, the 24 years of       Friends of the Harvard Ukrainian
                                                       (Continued on page 5)
work that members of the Plast, Ukrai-
nian Youth .Organization had devoted
to the Sokil camp site here in Victoria,
went up in flames.                           Winnipeg residents
   The new building (built in 1980) for
camp commanders, as well as storage          defend Shukhevych                                         A photo of Rostyk's hands shows his crippled left hand.
buildings, the first aid station, lodging
for kitchen help, three bathroom-and-         WINNIPEG - On the occasion of
shower facilities were destroyed. All Yuriy Shukhevych's 49th birthday,
that was left of the main section of the about 150 candle-carrying people
kitchen was the stone-step entrance.       gathered at the foot of the steps of the       UVAN in Canada meets,
   It was reported that damage was done Winnipeg legislature and call for an end
to all the water pipes and telephone to Soviet oppression, reported The
wires. The fire charred all the oak, pine Winnipeg Sun.
                                                                                          elects new executive board
and ash trees planted by Plast members        Carrying banners in the Ukrainian,            WINNIPEG — The new executive                away in 1981. They also greeted, by
during their first years on the camp- English and French languages, the                   board of the Ukrainian Academy of             telegram, Patriarch Josyf Slipyj, an
grounds.                                   demonstrators came to support a re-            Arts and Sciences (UVAN) in Canada            honorary member of the Academy, on
    According to reports from Mel- solution calling the federal government                was elected at a general meeting held         the occasion of the 20th anniversary of
 bourne, two Plast members entered the to intervene on behalf of Soviet political         here on March 27.                             his liberation from the Soviet concen-
 grounds a few days after the fire; the prisoner Yuriy Shukhevych, whose only                                                           tration camps, where he was incarcerated
 wooden bridge entrance had been crime is that he refuses to renounce his                   The new officers, who will serve a
                                                                                          three-year term, are: Dr. M. Marun-           for 18 years.
destroyed, but they were able to reach late father, Roman Shukhevych, com-
 the main section of Sokil via a detour. mander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Insur-          chak, president; Dr. A. Baran, past-             In 1982 the academy published a very
 When they did reach the grounds, they gent Army.                                         president; Dr. I. Lubynsky, vice-presi-       extensive history "The Ukrainian Cana-
 noticed that many of the trees were still    Mr. Shukhevych, one of the most             dent; Dr. I. Tarnawecky, vice-president;      dians: A History" (970 pages), which is
 smoldering. Around the pool area they prominent Ukrainian dissidents, turned             A. Kachor, secretary-treasurer.               the fullest and most complete source of
discovered many dead animals, and 49 on March 28. It has been reported                                                                  information about Ukrainians in Cana-
injured kangaroos hobbled around the that he has gone blind and is seriously ill            Also elected to serve as members of         da. It encompasses the history of the
grounds. Some of the kangaroos were in a Soviet prison. First incarcerated at             the board are: Prof. O. Gerus, Dr. B.         settlement of Ukrainians in Canada
saved and transported to a local animal the age of 14, Mr. Shukhevych has spent           Bilash, J.S. Muchin, Prof. P. Potichnyj       from 1891 to 1981.
shelter.                                   over 30 years in prisons.                      (Hamilton), Prof. V. Revutsky (Van-
   Members of the organization arrived        The Winnipeg rally featured mem-                                                             A number of research projects were
at the site the following weekend to view bers of the Ukrainian Canadian Com-               The auditing board members are:             discussed at this general meeting,
the damages and begin picking up the mittee, Manitoba politicians and reli-               Prof. M. Tarnawecky, Dr. J. Barwin-           including a collection of essays, titled
pieces. The Plast members, their parents gious leaders. Agriculture Minister Bill         sky and A. Gospodyn.                          "New Soils, Old Roots: The Ukrainian
and friends have decided to rebuild their Uruski, who represented Premier Ho-                                                           Experience in Canada," a biographical
beloved summer campground. How- ward Pawley, and Opposition Leader                          During the meeting the members              dictionary to the Ukrainian Canadian
ever, they have requested financial Sterling Lyon both spoke of the freedom               honored the memory of the late Dr.            history. Both projects commemorate
assistance from Plast members in the that Canadians enjoy as a fundamental                George Lubinsky, professor of the             the 90th anniversary of Ukrainian
United States and Canada.                  right of all human beings.                     University of Manitoba, who passed            settlement in Canada.      ' '
No. 16                                                        THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY            SUNDAY. APRIL 17. 1983                                                                5

UNA executive...                                   On consultation with the UNA's
                                               actuaries, tables were adopted effective
           (Continuedfrompage I)               January 1, with new limitations of ages                 UNA district committee meets
UNA 5759,906; this is 8 percent more           and amounts of insurance for non-
than in 1981.                                  medical insurance. These new limita-                                                            In addition to Mrs. Moroz,committee
   General office expenses fell by 514,370,    tions enable applicants up to age 40, to       Montreal                                      officers elected were Osyp Vynnytsky,
totaling 5133,075. Donations totaled           apply for as much as 550,000 insurance                                                       vice chairman; Mr. Harmatiuk, secre-
almost 554,000, over 548,650 of scholar-       without a medical exam; to age 45 — up            MONTREAL - Tekla Moroz was                 tary; Pavlo Dubas, organizing chair-
ships were awarded, and 549,200 was            to 525,000 insurance; to age 50 — up to        re-elected chairman of the Montreal           man; Oleksandra Dolnycky and
spent on publishing.                           S 10,000: to age 55 - up to 55,000; to age     UNA District Committee during its              Mykhailo Didukh, representatives to
    Income from the Svoboda Press for          60 - up to 53,000; to age 65 - up to           annual meeting held here at Plast             the Ukrainian Canadian Committee;
thefirsttime exceeded a million dollars,       SI, 000. Copies of these new non-medical       headquarters on March 7.                      and Vera Banit. Mykhailo Karpynsky,
yielding a total of 51,122,140, Mrs.           limitations and instructions were                                                             Evhen Lesiuk and Mykola Perejma.
Diachuk reported.                              supplied to all secretaries and or-               Representatives of seven of the dis-       members.
    Svoboda Press expenses were                ganizers, Mr. Sochan said.                     trict's eight branches attended the
51,125,581, which is 5205,914 more                 In October of 1982, reminders were         meeting. Seven of the district's branches        Mr. Harmatiuk replaces long-time
than in the previous year. Postage costs,      sent to all secretaries who had failed to      are located in Quebec and one in              secretary Osyp Diachyshyn, who did
as expected, increased by 11.3 percent.        submit a list of their 1982 branch             Ontario.                                      not seek re-election because of poor
The total cost was 5157,000, or 521,359        officers, while in December new forms                                                        health. The representatives gave special
                                               were mailed for reporting the 1983               Also at the meeting was Sen. Paul           thanks to Mr. Diachyshyn for his
more than in 1981.                                                                            Yuzyk, the UNA's supreme director for
    The number of Svoboda subscribers          officers. Judging from the 1983 listings                                                     dedicated service.
                                               received, a great many branches have           Canada. The meeting was chaired by
decreased by 819, bringing the 1982                                                           Mrs. Moroz. who is also a UNA su-               Meeting participants also bid fare-
total down to 13,306. The number of            not yet held their annual meetings.
                                                                                              preme advisor, and the secretary was          well to Bronyslava Melnyk, a long-time
subscribers of The Ukrainian Weekly                The Recording Department, in co-           Myroslav Harmatiuk of Branch 475.             area UNA activist who is moving to
increased by 198, bringing the total up        operation with the UNA's actuaries, is                                                       Toronto. Twenty-seven years ago, Mrs.
 to 5,818; 3,879 Weekly readers are UN A       continuing to supply the various in-              After a moment of silence for the 20       Melnyk, along with her late husband
 members, 1,939 are not.                       surance departments of states where the        district members who died over the            Bohdan, organized Branch 434 in their
    Veselka Magazine subscribers totaled       UNA does business with copies of               year, Sen. Yuzyk discussed both posi-         home. Today, it is the largest branch in
 1,005; in 1981 the readership was 1,028.      new forms of insurance certificates,           tive and negative aspects of UNA              the Montreal district.
 The publication of the 1983 Almanac           printed according to the new "readabi-         activities in Canada.
 cost over 516,239 and these costs have        lity" requirements.                                                                             The meeting also elected an auditing
 already been paid. Income from the                The supreme secretary reported on             On the good side, Sen. Yuzyk said          committee made up of Mykola An-
 almanac totals 55,580: 53,591 was             the consultations held by members of           that this year the UNA will have esta-        drukhiv, Petro K,iryk and Adolph
 received for the press fund, 51,713 was       the Supreme Executive Committee with           blished its directorate and bureau in         Hladylovych, who is also the press
 payment for ads.                              experts in the field of life insurance,        Canada. On the downside, he said that         liaison. It was also decided to celebrate
    Income at Soyuzivka was 5546,850, a        regarding revision of life insurance rates     membership in Canada is declining, the        the 90th anniversary of Svoboda, the
 decrease of 523,007 over 1981. Expen-         and withdrawal equities on present             amount of insurance in force is shrink-       UNA's Ukrainian-language daily, some-
 ditures were 5570,716, a 510,000 in-           UNA certificates, and the development         ing and only one-third of the 64 UNA          time this fall.
 crease.                                       of new classes of insurance, as well as        branches in the country are currently
    Over 526,000 was spent on main-            the introduction of new riders to basic        active.                                          After the meeting was adjourned,
 tenance of Soyuzivka and 521,838 was          life insurance certificates.                                                                 refreshments were served.
 spent on new equipment. Many ex-                  He also reported on meetings of the          Sen. Yuzyk noted that the establish-
 penses were transferred over to the 1983      executive officers with representatives        ment of the UNA Directorate for
                                               of various firms who sell or lease             Canada should help alleviate these
 fiscal year.
                                                computers, or provide computer service.       problems. After his address, the sena-          Amb ridge              bowlers
    The supreme treasurer also noted
 that the Ukrainian National Urban              The purpose of these meetings and visits      tor fielded questions about UNA
  Renewal Corporation had income of             is to modernize the office systems of the     matters..                                            to send teams
 52,129,282; this is an increase of 5156,813    UNA and to adapt them to present-day:
                                                requirements. Such further automation            In her report, Mrs. Moroz also dis-             to UNA           tourney
 over 1981. The corporation received                                                          cussed membership, noting that al-
 rent payments of 52,056,076. Expendi-          of the work of the Home Office will
                                                enable the UNA to provide better              though the district's annual quota was             ROCHESTER, N.Y. - UNA
 tures on the buildingwere52,344,742 -                                                        high, it nevertheless managed to meet it
                                                insurance service for members and will                                                        Branch 161 of Ambridge, Pa., will
 over 5222,654 more than in 1981. The                                                         by 76.2 percent, gaining the district first
                                                offer more expert service and assistance                                                      send 35 bowlers to the 17th UNA
 corporation paid the Ukrainian Na-                                                           place in Canada.
                                                to secretaries and organizers in the field.                                                   National Bowling Tournament which
 tional Association 5 percent of its loan,
                                                The supreme treasurer also added her                                                          will be held here on May 28 and 29.
 totaling 58,400,000.
                                                observations regarding these matters.                                                            A chartered bus carrying the
                                                                                                                                              bowlers and 10 guests is scheduled to
         Supreme secretary's report                                                            Harvard...                                     leave Ambridge for Rochester on
                                                      Supreme organizer's report                        (Continued from page 4)               Friday, May 27, at 11:30 p.m. The
   In 1982, UNA secretaries, conven-                                                                                                          bowlers are expected to arrive at the
tion delegates and organizers together                                                        Research Institute (a non-profit organi-
                                                                                              zation) or those who join by making a           Holiday Inn-Genesse Plaza at 7 a.m.,
obtained 2,483 new members insured                The supreme organizer reported on
                                                                                              5200 contribution.                              and take part in singles and doubles
for 56,017,500, reported Mr. Sochan.           the organizing efforts in 1982, a conven-
                                                                                                 In order to receive a catalogue and          play that afternoon. Team events are
This total included 736 juveniles (less        tion year. The year brought in 2,483 new
                                                                                              application, contact: Harvard Summer            scheduled for Sunday.
than one-third of all new members),            members, insured for 56,017,000.
                                                                                              School, Department Ul, 20 Garden St.,              The Ambridge contingent will
1,506 adults and 241 members insured              Of the 398 convention delegates, 253
                                                                                              Cambridge, Mass. 02138; telephone               consist of five men's teams and two
under ADD certificates.                        brought in 1,751 new members; 146
                                                                                              (617)495-2921. For further information          women's squads.
   In the past three months of 1983, 548       delegates did not organize any new
                                               members. Twenty-one of the 26 mem-             regarding scholarships, write to: Ukrai-           The tournament organizing com-
new members were enrolled. During                                                                                                             mittee is awaiting replies from other
the special campaign announced on              bers of the Supreme Executive Commit-          nian Summer Institute, 1583 Massachu-
                                               tee organized 345 new members. Newly           setts Ave., Cambridge, Mass. 02138;             UNA branches. The registration
October 1, 1982. and extending to                                                                                                             deadline is May 1.
March 31, 550 members took advantage           elected Supreme Advisor William                telephone (617) 495-4053. Early appli-
of the special offer to double their           Pastuszek organized 51 new members.            cation is advised.
insurance.                                        Among district committees, the Buffalo
   The supreme secretary went on to say        and Woonsocket, R.I., committees
that the number of losses during 1982          fulfilled their quota by 132 percent; the       Obituary
were as anticipated, except for an             Baltimore and Boston committees
increase in cash surrenders (1,257)            fulfilled theirs by 112 percent. The most
occasioned mainly by the poor econo-
mic situation (unemployment in in-
                                               new members were recruited by the
                                               Philadelphia District Committee - 462
                                                                                               Ahafia Fitza, UNA branch activist
dustrial centers). In the same year, a         members.                                          CHICAGO - Ahafia Fitza, `nember              was always generous of her time and
total of 965 endowment certificates               Mr. Hawrysz praised the women of            and board director of St. Stephen's             energy for the promotion of the Ukrai-
matured, 1,250 certificates became fully       the UNA for organizing new members.            Brotherhood, UNA Branch 221, died               nian cause.
paid up, and 908 members died.                 Kvitka Steciuk, secretary of Branch 25,        on Saturday, March 5, at the age of 96.            Mrs. Fitza sponsored many Ukrai-
   As a result of all losses, the UNA's        organized the most new members for                Throughout her long life she was             nian displaced persons for immigration
membership decreased by 1,207 mem-             the highest amount of insurance. She is        active in the Ukrainian community. She          to the United Slates after World War II
bers, while the total amount of in-            the only woman, who for 20 years, has          served as the head of the Hetman                and helped them in their settlement
surance decreased by 5136,477. The             won membership in the UNA Cham-                Organization in Chicago for many                here.
UNA ended 1982 with a total member-            pions Club for her organizing activity.        years.                                             She is survived by three sons, John,
ship of 82,202 insured for 5128,450,766.       Second and third place in the member-             A pioneer Ukrainian and the oldest           Michael and Walter, a sister, Anna
   In accordance with the resolution           ship drives were captured by Daria             parishioner of the St. Nicholas Ukrai-          Evanyshyn, eight grandchildren and 17
passed by the 30th UNA Convention,             Zapar of Branch 347 and Christine              nian Catholic Cathedral, she was de-            great-grandchildren.
the Recording Department completed             Fuga-Gerbehy. The special offer for            voted to her church and was instru-               The funeral liturgy was held on
the task of increasing the Svoboda             UNA members up to age 65 to double             mental in the organization of a Ukrai-          Wednesday, March 9, at St. Nicholas
subscription rate for UNA member-              their life insurance coverage without a        nian church on Chicago's Burnside and           Ukrainian Catholic Cathedral and
subscribers, beginning with January 1,         medical examination enabled the UNA            in Texas. A member of numerous                  interment was at the St. Nicholas
or with the next payment due date.                         (Continued on page 11)             church and civic organizations here, she        Cemeterv.
6                                                            THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY       SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                           No. 16

                                                                                        Letters to the editor
                                                                                                                                   -become aware ol the Great Famine.
                                                                                        Says Sysyn's story
       Ukrainian WeeklУ                                                                 contains errors
                                                                                                                                         I applaud your effort of sending this
                                                                                                                                     issue to all our U.S. senators and
                                                                                                                                     representatives. Hopefully, our Ukrai­
                                                                                                                                     nian community leaders will follow this
                                                                                         Dear Editor:
                                                                                            In your issue of March 13, you          example and send an issue to the
                               It's not over                                            printed an article by Dr. Frank Sysyn officials and legislators of their respec­
                                                                                        titled "Calendar controversy rocks tive states.
                                                                                        Orthodox Church of America." Side by            1 would like to make this issue
                                                                                        side with accurate information, the available to many persons in our area
        When Timothy Chmykhalov, his mother and four members of the                     article contains major inaccuracies, of and may I, at this time, request 30 copies
      Vashchenko family left the U.S. Embassy in Moscow on April 12, the young          which I will single out,four examples.      to be sent to me for distribution.
      Pentecostal told waiting reporters that the departure was "a risk, a big risk."       1. The decision of the Synod of the         Please continue the great editorial
        "The main thing I want to tell you," he said, "is that people should not        Orthodox Church in America was to work on the Great Famine as well
     forget us now."                                                                    adopt the "new" calendar as the official keeping us informed on important
        Indeed, they should not. The drama which began nearly five years ago is by      calendar of the Church, as of Septem­ Ukrainian activities.
     no means over. Even though Lidia Vashchenko, an original member of the             ber I, 1982. The implementation of this                              Nicholas Medvid
     embassy group known as the Siberian Seven, was recently permitted to               decision was left to the discretion of the                                     president
     emigrate to Israel, the Soviets have offered no guarantee that the others will     diocesan bishops. As a result, the                        Famine in Ukraine 1932-33
     be allowed to follow. ,                                                            dioceses of Canada and Alaska remain­                    Commemorative Committee
        When the seven first fled to the U.S. Embassy in June 1978 in a desperate       ed on the "old" calendar, as well as                       Greater Los Angeles Area
     bid to gain assistance to leave the USSR, they refused to leave because a)         several parishes in other dioceses. The
     Soviet Pentecostals are mercilessly persecuted by the regime, and b) because       only cases of open conflict between
     members of the Vashchenko family had already served labor-camp terms for
     visiting the embassy and making routine inquiries about emigration. For their
                                                                                        diocesan authority and parishes              Expresses interest
                                                                                        occurred in eastern Pennsylvania. The
     part, the Soviets demanded that the seven return to their hometown of
     Chernogorsk, Siberia, before their request could be considered.
                                                                                        only unresolved case is that of May-         in pysanky
                                                                                        field, Pa. This situation hardly justifies
        Even though the Vashchenkos and Chmykhalovs have decided to return to           the author's judgement that our Church Dear Editor:
     Siberia, fundamentally little has changed. The Pentecostal Church is still         is being "rocked" by the calendar               I have read with great interest Yaro-
     being persecuted by the government and all six members of the embassy              controversy.                                slava Surmach Mills' article "The
     group may yet face prosecution for their actions.                                     2. The Statute of the OCA clearly pysanka: ancient talisman" which ap­
        Although the departure of Lidia Vashchenko is unquestionably a hopeful          states that parish property is owned by peared in your April 3 issue. Ms.
     sign that the Soviets may be considering allowing the others to emigrate, it       parishioners. No legal canonical or Surmach Mills' well-written article
    'should also be noted that during the 14 months that Lidia waited for her exit      personal attempts to transfer the pro­ covers the history, techniques and
     visa she Was the target of severe repression. She, along with members of her       perty to the bishops — as is the case in traditions of the pysanka. I only wish
     family in Chernogorsk, were badly beaten on one occasion and harrassed,            Greek-Catholic dioceses - is therefore that the article could have been longer
     forcing her to go on a three-month hunger strike to press her case.                possible.                                   and more detailed. Ms. Surmach Mills'
        No, the drama of the Siberian Seven will not be over until they and their                                                   brief descriptions of the history of the
                                                                                           3. The view according to which the
     families are safely in the West, where they can freely practice their religion.                                                pysanka, the symbols used and their
                                                                                        Synod is trying to "Americanize" the
     Until this is accomplished, we should heed young Timothy's advice and keep                                                     traditional meanings, the rituals asso­
                                                                                        Church and "eradicate ethnic traces"by
     their case squarely in the international spotlight.                                                                            ciated with the making of pysanky, and
                                                                                        acts of authority is quite inaccurate. The
                                                                                                                                    the exchanging of pysanky leave me
                                                                                        use of English in the liturgy, which is
                                                                                                                                    with a desire to learn even more about
                                                                                        quite general today, results from de­
                                                                                                                                    the subtleties of our ancient talisman.
                                                                                        mands by the laity and; from obvious
                                                                                        missionary needs. And Ц is the only'            I do not agree with the description of
                                                                                        form of "Americanization" of which I the "sorok klyntsiv"design. t o be called
                                                                                                                                    sorok klyntsiv, this pysanka should
             Poland's man in the middle                                                 know. At no point did our Church
                                                                                        forbid or discourage the preservation of contain only 40 triangles. While py­
                                                                                        linguistic, cultural or other values, when sanky with 48 triangles may be similar,
                                                                                        such a preservation is possible and the technique for making each and the
       On one level, life in Poland under martial law can be painted in the drab        desirable.                                  traditional meaning of each is very
    tones of Stalinism. Solidarity activists and intellectuals, most notably former        4. Dr. Sysyn makes the curious different. These two separate designs
    members of K.OR, are currently on trial, many charged with "attempting to           statement that the OCA (in 1970) should not be grouped as one.
    overthrow the state," or, to use Stalinist parlance, for being "enemies of the      submitted "to the Muscovite Patriar­            I must agree with some of Ms. Sur­
    people." Personal liberties are strictly curtailed and the economy is a             chate, which granted them autoce- mach Mills'closing statements. Changes
    shambles. Goods are scarce and food lines are still the order of the day.           phaly." No such submission ever took have indeed crept into the making of
    Moreover, suspicion is everywhere. The Polish junta has adopted the                 place, since before 1970 the former pysanky. I am not certain whether
    insidious tactic of sowing doubt and apprehension in the minds of the people        "Metropolia" was independent from fireproof kistky and the use of candles
    by being apparently arbitrary in its repression. It has sentenced people to long    Moscow, and since "autocephaly" are a change forthe worse in the making
    prison terms, while freeing others charged with the same offense. The               precisely means "independence."             of a pysanka. These are slight improve­
    implication, of course, is that those freed may have cooperated with the
    authorities. As a result, the government has succeeded, at least in part, in           I do hope that you willfindit possible ments to traditional instruments and
     keeping Poles off balance.                                                         to publish this letter. Whatever differ­ techniques and have been in use for
                                                                                        ences exist between the spiritual heirs of some time. Electric kistky and рге–
       And there is the incessant propaganda. Workers are forced to sign loyalty        the Baptism of Rus`in 988 - Ukrainian blackened beeswax, while providing
    oaths and Solidarity, which at its peak had some 10 million members, is being       Catholics, Ukrainian Orthodox, Rus­ ease and convenience, are a radical
    painted as the villain responsible for all of Poland's economic and social woes.    sians or Americans — their relations departure from the traditional methods
       On another level, the junta has taken pains to show the world that Poland        must be guided by truth. In any case, I of making pysanky. Chemical dyes do
     remains the freest of all Soviet-bloc countries. Despite certain restrictions.     wish to formally state that the policy of last longer and are more brilliant than
     Western reporters are still free to travel where they want. More subtle forms      the OCA is to seek Orthodox unity, natural dyes. With judicious and taste­
    of disobedience appear to be tolerated, and the pope is scheduled to visit this     recognizing full equality of all immi­ ful choice, one can select colors which
    summer. And, after all. Lech Walesa, the leader of Solidarity has been free for     grant ethnic heritages. But, of course, are very close to the shades used on
    several months.                                                                     belief in the catholicity of the Church older pysanky, thus avoiding garish and
       This last point, however, illuminates the guile of the regime rather than its    and, therefore, universality of the discordant results.
    magnanimity. Behind bars, Mr. Walesa was a rallying symbol for the                  Orthodox faith also implies recognition        The greatest change has come with
    underground Solidarity movement and its many followers. But he was a                of responsibility for the needs of En­ the use of designs which do not usually
     symbol without the freedom to act. Now provisionally free, he is caught            glish-speaking Americans.                  appear on pysanky. The most obvious
    between the people's expectation, their instinctive reliance on his leadership           The Very Rev. Leonid Kishkovsky are those taken directly from Trypillian
    and, ironically, the restrictions of his freedom and the high visibility it has                                  Syosset, N.Y. pottery and/or Ukvainian embroidery.
    afforded him. His movement, now outlawed, has gone underground. He                                                             The pysanka cannot be made to re­
    cannot. Thus cut off, he is alienated from the day-to-day activities of the                                                    semble Trypillian pottery simply be­
    movement he helped create and led with such success. The government has
    gambled that his freedom will be his downfall. But it need not be.                  Praises Weekly                             cause the egg is not shaped like a pot.
                                                                                                                                   Trypillian designs and patterns should
       Mr. Walesa has tried to make his freedom work for him by meeting secretly
    with underground Solidarity leaders in an effort to hammer out future
                                                                                        for famine issue                           be adapted to conform to the shape of
                                                                                                                                   the egg while maintaining the spirit and
    strategies. It is known that he is unhappy with the radical tack taken by these     Dear Editor:                               flow of Trypillian designs.
    leaders, some of whom openly questioned his moderate stance at the last                 Please accept my sincerest congratu­       The use of embroidery patterns on
    Solidarity congress in 1981.                                                         lations on the special issue of The pysanky is not appropriate. These
       The denouement of all this remains unclear. After his secret meeting, Mr.         Ukrainian Weekly of Sunday, March "embroidered" pysanky should not be
    Walesa was questioned by authorities for five hours and released. What is            20. I agree that this issue should be in called pysanky, but perhaps "vyshy-
    clear is that Mr. Walesa finds himself in an extremely difficult position. He       the hands of our non-Ukrainian friends vanky," which describes them better.
    must, of course, remain free and find a way to work himself back into the           but equally important in the hands of          I have seen pysanky with Trypillian
    mainstream of the movement.                                                         every man, woman and child of Ukrai­ designs copied directly from pottery, as
                                                                                        nian heritage. This issue of The Weekly well as "vyshyvanky." While these were
                                                                                        makes it possible for everyone to                       (Continued on page 13)
No. 16                                                         THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY           SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                                 7

1932-34 Great Famine: і locumented view                                                                                         THE GREAT FAMINE
                by Dr. Dana Dalrymple                             During the same autumn, questioning voices were
                                                               also raised at the League of Nations - including those
   The ankle below was originally published in the             of Dr. Movinkel, premier of Norway and president
scholarly journal Soviet Studies in January 1964. We           of the Council of the League of Nations.203 and M.
serialize it here in The Weekly with the permission of         Motta, the representative of Switzerland.204
the author, an agricultural economist employed by the             While these queries were undoubtedly an annoyance
 U. S. Department of Agriculture.                              to the USSR, they apparently were not much of an
                                                               obstacle - tor sne was, of course, recognized by the
                    CONCLUSION                                 United States, let into the League of Nations, and did
                                                               sign a number of non-aggression agreements.205 Had
Why and how did the Soviets hide the famine?                   the famine been better known, perhaps her course
                                                               would have been, a much tougher one.
   One of the most peculiar characteristics of the 1932-                                                                           This year marks the 50th anniversary ofone of
34 famine was the fact that the Soviet leaders went to          В. Нон aid lacy hide the famine?                                history 5 most horrifying cases ofgenocide — the
such lengths to hide it. This was in contrast with the                                                                          Soviet-made Great Famine of 1932-33. in which
situation in 1921-23 when they acknowledged the                   If the reasons the Soviets chose to hide the famine           some 7 million Ukrainians perished.
seriousness of the famine, and accepted some S66               are not entirely clear, the methods they used - alluded             Relying on news from Svoboda and, later.
million of American relief alone."2                            to earlier - are now quite apparent. And they provide             The Ukrainian Weekly (which began publica­
                                                               an example of what was probably one of the most                  tion in 'October 1933), this column hopes to
                                                               comprehensive and successful "news-management"                   remind and inform Americans and Canadians of
A. Why?                                                        programs in history.                         .                   this terrible crime against, humanity.
     Why did the Soviets choose to hide the famine of                                                                              By bringing other events worldwide into the
 1932-1934? Was it because they thought they might be          1. Control of the press                                          picture as well, the column hopes to give a
under some pressure to cut off exports if they admitted                                                                         perspective on the state of the world in the years
famine and invited relief? Not likely. In the autumn of            The Soviets' first and most important step was to            of Ukraine's Great Famine.
 1922 "...Moscow authorities announced their inten­             intensify their control over the representatives of the
tion of exporting food and at the same time asked                                                                                                  PART IX
                                                                foreign press in the USSR. This did not prove to be very
foreign relief organizations to provide food for 4              difficult - for even before the famine the Soviets held
 million Russians."1'3 The purpose - as 10 years later          the edge. The entire foreign press corps was located in
 - was to buy machinery for industrialization. And
even then the policy was not new: food had been
                                                                 Moscow, and the correspondents could stay only so                September 1932
                                                                long as the Russians wished to renew their visas.
exported, and relief accepted during the famines of             Moreover, their dispatches were subject to official
 1911, 1906 and 1891.IM                                         clearance.
                                                                                                                                   On September З, 1932, Svoboda received
     Were the Soviets afraid of the disruptive influence                                                                        news from Moscow that the Soviet press had
                                                                   Thus, even though the correspondents had a pretty            started a campaign against the peasants and
of foreigners — as they were in 1921, and as was the            good idea of what was going on outside Moscow, they
 monarchy before them? 195 Again the answer is                                                                                  workers who were not meeting their production
                                                                were reluctant to report anything that would strongly           quotas. Soviet papers reported that these were
 probably no. There were a number of Americans                  displease the authorities. "The result is," Malcolm
already in the country doing technical assistance work,                                                                         the people responsible for the economic and
                                                                M uggeridge wrote in 1934, "that news from Russia is a          food crises.
and there were a number of foreign agricultural                joke..."20"
concessions; all, it would seem, without any particular                                                                            According to Svoboda, in addition to the
                                                                   As the famine progressed, the bitter truth of this           collectivization of farms, the peasants also had
disruptive influence."4 More important, the govern­             became more evident. The first step in the manage­
 ment appears to have been much more in control of the                                                                          to deal with huge taxes payable to the govern­
                                                                ment of famine news came, as has been noted, at the             ment, and, as a result, food and products
countryside than was the case in 1921.                          beginning of 1933 when the authorities instigated a
     The reasons for the Soviets' desire to hide the famine                                                                     necessary for everyday life became impossible
                                                                program to discourage observation tours by foreign              for them to obtain.
 must lie elsewhere. One possibility has already been           correspondents.' Folrowing'his rjeport on conditions in
suggested: the Soviets' desire to beat the last of the                                                                             On September 6, the Soviet newspaper
                                                                the North Caucasus in January,207 Ralph Barnes was              Pravda reported that worms had destroyed one-
 resistance out of the peasants and to complete the            "...advised strongly by the Soviet Bureau not to make
drive into the socialized farms. If the                                                                                         third of the sugar beet crop in the Soviet Union.
                                                               a further provincial trip for the time being." Then in           That same day, Svoboda also carried news of an
 government were to acknowledge the famine and                 early April when he purchased a ticket for a provincial
-accept relief (it could not very well admit the famine                                                                         article written by Moscow correspondent
                                                               city in order to visit villages, "...the strong advice was       Walter Duranty that had appeared in The New
 and refuse famine aid at the same time) it would mean         turned into a definite prohibition."208
 in effect a concession to the peasants. But since the                                                                          York Times. Svoboda stated that Duranty and
                                                                   Despite this prohibition, Muggeridge and Jones               The New York Times had always viewed events
 government was effectively at war with the peasants,          did, somehow, get into the famine area - Jones on a
 this was a compromise that it would not readily                                                                                in the Soviet Union and presented them to the
                                                               secret journey. 209 While there was apparently no                American public through "rose-colored glasses."
 make.                                                         official reaction to M uggeridge`s articles, steps were
     Another, and perhaps equally important reason,                                                                             Svoboda noted that in this article Mr. Duranty '
                                                               taken to counteract Jones's report. The process was              had finally provided the American public with a
 may center about the matter of keeping face. The              made easier for the Soviets because of the pending trial
 Soviets had been trying to spread the story of the                                                                             glimpse of what was really going on in the Soviet
                                                               of British engineers, a subject of worldwide interest.           Union.
 economic and social triumph of the first Soviet five-year     The reporters knew that because of the interests of
 plan. To admit the presence of a terrible famine at the       their papers it was necessary for them to keep on                   According to Duranty, "The Bolshevik regime
 conclusion of the plan would have hardly been the sort        particularly good terms with the censors. Hence, when            has suppressed and destroyed agriculture in the
 of triumphal conclusion that the leaders might have           it was suggested that they refute Jones's more serious           Soviet Union." He wrote that the regime
 desired."7 Stalin, above all, was interested in creating      allegations, they complied. Eugene Lyons was one of              systematically increased the prices of food
 " every state and every part of the world, a             those. He writes:                                                products, while literally taking them all from the
 favorable view of the economic and cultural develop­                                                                           peasants. Ten eggs sold for three and a half
                                                                  "Throwing down Jones was as unpleasant a chore as             rubles; a kilogram of cheese cost 14 rubles (a
 ment of the Soviet Union.""11                                 fell to any of us in years of juggling facts to please
     The totalitarian attitude in matters of this sort is                                                                       ruble in 1932 was worth 50 American cents).
                                                               dictatorial regimes - but throw him down we did,                    As to the situation in Ukraine, Mr. Duranty
 perhaps best expressed by Chamberlin:
     "When it is a matter of inflicting suffering upon                            (Continued on page 16)                        wrote that Ukraine had suffered the most: The
 individuals or classes which block the realization of                                                                          best solution to Ukraine's dilemma was a speedy
                                                                  192. Fisher, op. cit., pp. 51, 52, 553.                       separation from Moscow, but now with the
 their goals, dictators are hardboiled to the last degree.        193. Ibid., p. 308.
  But they are as sensitive as the most temperamental                                                                           country in financial and economic ruin, that was
                                                                 194. Ibid., pp. 476-480.                                       highly unlikely, Svoboda commented.
 artist when the effects of their ruthless policies are          195. Ibid., pp. 476-480, 505.
 criticized, or even when they are stated objectively            196. Dalrymple, loc. cit.                                         On September 7, Svoboda revealed that the
 without comment.""9                                             197.. Lyons, op. cit., p. 541.                                 Soviet government was trying to stop the
     In short, Stalin "...preferred to sacrifice millions of     198. Ammende, op. cit., p. 192.                                desertion of peasants from collective farms by
  lives rather than Soviet prestige."120                         199. Chamberlin, op. cit. (April 1935). p. 431.                refusing to return to them their seized lands.
     But more than prestige may have been involved. The          200. Dallin, op. cit., p. І6Л.                                    The very next day Svoboda carried news that
  Soviets at about this time were working for (a)                201. "Litvinov Stays Hour in Warsaw," The New York             Moscow had admitted that lack of foodstuffs
                                                               Times, October 28, 1933, p. 16.                                  existed in the Soviet Union. A report issued by a
  diplomatic recognition by the United States, (b)               202. See the following articles in The New York Times:
  admission into the League of Nations, and (c) "non-                                                                           member of the Commissariat of Food Delivery
                                                               "Ukrainian Societies Denounce Soviet," November 12,              stated tі at the machinery for agricultural
  aggression" agreements with various European                 1933, pt. II, p. 3; "5 Hurt as 500 Reds Fight Parade Here,"
  nations. If the story of the famine were made known,         November 19, 1933, p. 1; "100 Hurt in Communist-                 production had not helped the harvest much.
  Russia's cause would not have been enhanced — both           Ukrainian Ript as Reds Attack Paraders in Chicago,"              Disorganization had once again contributed to
  because the famine was essentially man-made,sand             December 18, 1933, p. 1.                                         the inability to meet production quotas.
  because the Russians had done practically nothing to           203. Famine in..., op. cit., p. 13; Solovei, op. cit., p. 4;      On September 10, Svoboda reported on
  alleviate it.                                                Ammende, op. cit., pp. 295-296. The point was raised on          production in the Soviet Union. According to
      In the case of U.S. recognition, Ukrainian groups in     September 29.                                                    reports, as of August 31, Ukraine had met only
                                                                 204. Ammende, op. cit., p. 307.                                39 percent of its quota: the Caucasus, 31 percent;
  the United States did their best to focus attention on         205. U.S. recognition came on November 16, 1933, and
  the famine. A delegation was sent to Roosevelt to ask                                                                         Kazakhstan, 30 percent; and Crimea, 25 percent.
                                                               League of Nations entry on September 18. 1934.                      All the workers on collective farms expressed
  for an investigation of conditions in Ukraine before           206. Muggeridge, op. cit. (1934), p. ix.
  granting recognition.201 Public pronouncements were                                                                           apathy, reported Svoboda. Under the Soviet
                                                                 207. Barnes, loc. cit. (January 15).
  made and demonstrations held - particularly parades            208. Barnes, loc. cit. (August 21).                                           (Continued on pagt 11)
  (which were attacked by U.S. Communists).202                   209V Lyons; op: cit:, p. 575;' ''- - `-' -'
8                                                           THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY           SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                            No. 16

                                   Ukrainian pro hockey update                                                                     'Ai
                                                                            by Ihor N. Stelmach                                  .J^?Pk

                                             team league, sure, he'd have to put up         growing.                                     Weak goaltending shows
Good Gosh: Oilers'                           with more of the physical stuff.                   Recently, after another night of
Great Gretzky gets greater                      "His numbers wouldn't be the same           disappointment, a disappointed Tom              Watt said earlier in the season: "The
                                             as they are now. But he'd still get his        Watt stomped ou! of the Jets' dressing first person always blamed is the coach.
                                             goals, and he'd still be a dominant force.     room at the Calgaiy Corral. On the ice The second is the goaltender. Frankly, I
                                              He could still play with anyone."             that night, the Jets showed nothing to don4 buy it."
                                                And then Gordie Howe, who elbowed           demonstrate they belong in the Smythe           I don't buy the coaching reason
                                             his way to everything but a Lady Bing          Division playoffs. (At certain times this myself, but the goaltending is too
                                             honor (the trophy for Most Gentle­             season, neither have Calgary, Los visible. If Watt didn't buy it then, he
                                             manly Player) during his quarter cen­          Angeles and Vancouver.)                      does now. The Jets have a goaltender
                                             tury on blades, saved what is best about           Before Watt was even asked a single named Brian Hayward whom they are
                                              Ukrainian Wayne Gretzky until last.           question, he supplied his first answer. grooming for better days.
                                                "If it was some jerk kid who was            "Now I don't want to bear any crap              Up front, where the Jets should have
                                             doing all these things he does, you            about guys not getting enough ice time," some of the game's best forwards,
                                             wouldn't like it so much," volunteered         be barked. "The way they played to­ something has gone wrong.
                                              Howe. "But this kid is all class. Ill tell    night, everyone got more ice time than          In his dazzling rookie season, Ukrai­
                                             you what he's all about. I call him to         they deserved."                              nian Dale Hawerchuk looked like a
                                             come to a fund-raiser for charity during                                                    clone of Wayne Gretzky. After his
                                             this summer.                                       Watt was reacting to an earlier story
                                                                                            in a local Winnipeg newspaper, quoting rookie season, Gretzky increased his
                                                "I know he probably hasn't gotten 10        some Jet players, including Ukrainian scoring totals by 37 points, and he did
                                             minutes to himself with all the things         Dale Hawerchuk, that Watt's system of the same the year after that. At last
                                             he's got to do, and places he's got to go.    four lines isn4 working. And that some glance, Hawerchuk will not equal his
                                             But I ask him if it's possible, could he      players need more ice time to be more record-setting totals of his inaugural
                                             make it? He says, 'Gordie, if I have to       effective.                                    appearance. He no longer looks like the
                                             walk, I'll be there.' And there's no                                                        next Gretzky, if there is such a thing. He
                                             money in it for him when he gets there.           Watt was then asked to assess the just looks like another center who seems
                                                                                           play of Ukrainian Morris Lukowich, to be coasting.
                                                "What I'm saying is, the way Wayne         who was playing in all-star caliber form
                                             Gretzky handles himself, he just up­          las,t season. Watt didn't answer the             Is it possible for complacency to set in
                                             grades everything. Everything he does,        question. The icy stare was answer at such a young age?
                                             on and off the ice, helps the game. And       enough. Anyone who has watched the               "Once you get it, you know you have
    ` ^ ^ W g y n e Gretzky                  he came around just when the game             Jets did not necessarily need an explana­ it," Hawerchuk told Allan Maki of the
                                             needed it, too."                              tion.                                         Calgary Herald. "Me, I've lost it.
   His uniform number, 99, signifies not        For sure, then, Wayne Gretzky's
only how many ways he can beat you,                                                                                                         "I haven4 been able to finish my
                                             trophy cabinet wasn't the real winner in                                                    chances. It's been like that for me all
but also how many nominations he has         1982. Other athletes —Jimmy Connors,           What's with Morris?
received lately for Athlete of the Year.                                                                                                 season. I've had the opportunities, but I
                                             Tom Watson, Larry Holmes - shower­
   Well, hitch this humble space to that     ed themselves with personal accom­                This season, someone is wearing No. haven't been putting the puck in the net.
bandwagon. Wayne Gretzky, Ukrai­             plishments, and others too numerous            12 for the Jets, but it сапЧ be Lukowich, Why? I'm not really sure.
nian (on his dad's side) of the Edmonton                                                   can-it? There is no burst,no excitement,         "I know people are going to expect a
                                             and too obvious to mention were vital
Oilers, enjoyed such a marvelous 1982        parts to team machines.                       no fire. Whoever is wearing No. 12 for lot from me after last year. I'm hard on
the problem was not finding a winner                                                       the Jets is an impersonator, and not a        myself. I haven't been happy at all. The
                                                But, nobody, anywhere, meant more          very good one.               -                only thing I can do is work harder and
for the award. The problem was finding       to his or her`sport,or his-o'r`bernative-
a runner-up.                  ` "-' Ц`` "    land, for that matter, than Wayne
                                                                                                                                                    much as
                                                                                              9 Т П \ ) 1\ПТНГЇ `-' " `" - - " " : shoot asChristian, I can."
                                                                                                                                            Dave                when healthy, hasn4
   For truth, honest effort, fair play and   Gretzky. The NHL is still a body                  After Watt's performance of petu­ performed at top level, and injuries and
the Ukrainian way, athletics suffered        without a head, but when the lights go         lance in Calgary, he moved on to poor play have forced Watt to break up
through a dirty dozen months. Simply         on, Gretzky is a tonic, if not a cure-all,     Vancouver to charm the faithfuls there. his once prominent line of Swedish trio
put, there were too many amateurs            for the league's prevailing ills.              On the ice, his club was beaten 6-4 by a Thomas Steen. Bengt Lundholm and
infiltrating the professionals sports, and                                                  Canuck team that also appears to be Willy Lindstrom.
too many professionals masquerading             He has helped bring back skill and
                                             style to a sport which is now just            going absolutely nowhere in a hurry.
as amateurs in and around North                                                             Watt did not blame either himself, his          On defense, only another Ukrainian,
                                             realizing its supply of thuggery exceeds
American college campuses.
                                             the public's demand for it. Gretzky           goaltender or his defense for the team's David Babych, has played as advertised,
   But, stickhandling through the            reminded North America hockey can be           loss. Instead, he blamed a zebra named and his plus-minus statistics, once
morass came this beautiful handsome          as elegant as it can be vehement.              Bob Myers for the club's loss. Van­ impressive, have since plummetted.
lad from the Great White North. For                                                        couver, without a legitimate goal scorer         The Cinderella Jets are a Cinderella
                                                If the owners can't hear this message
one season, Gretzky didn't rewrite the       over the hum of cash registers when­           on its club except for Super-Uke Stan team no more. It should have been back
National Hockey League record book           ever Gretzky comes to town, the players        Smyl, scored three power-play goals in to hard work a long time ago. After all,
so much as he chose to publish his own                                                      the win.                                     that's what got them all their attention
                                             can. They carry the league, anyway, and
version.                                     by being as poised with people as he is           "We were cheated," said Watt, firmly in the first place.
   When he wasn't scoring one of his                                                        pointing the finger in the direction of         Smile, Tom Watt, it could be worse.
                                             with the puck, Gretzky enhanced the
record 92 goals, he was registering one      game's tattered image.                         referee Myers. Watt, taking a page out You could be coaching the Hartford
of his record 120 assists. During inter­                                                    of Canuck coach Roger Neilson`s book, Whalers. (Forgive me, fellow Ukrainian
                                                What Wayne Gretzky did for himself,         tossed a white towel into the stands. Ed Hospodar.)
missions, The Great Gretzky could            then, he accomplished tenfold for
pause to reflect how his 212 points, a                                                      "Now," Watt continued, "I can sym­
                                             hockey — a sport which he alone
record, beat the second-best guy's total
by only 65 points. Sixty-five. Wow!
                                             returned to the front pages, magazine
                                             covers and national awareness.
                                                                                            pathize with Roger." He was, of course,
                                                                                            referring to Neilson's behavior in last      Paper features
Sixty-five. Also a record, of course.                                                       May's Stanley Cup playoffs when he,
   Moreover, Gretzky - who is all of 22
years young - has declared war on
                                                And for all of us and the kid, the fun's
                                             only just begun.
                                                                                            too, surrendered to Myers, waving the
                                                                                            white towel (flag) as a symbol.
                                                                                                                                         Ukrainian recipes,
himself again this season. The statistics
are slightly lower, but the level of         Winnipeg's Watt wonders                            Watt, obviously, is having trouble
                                                                                             dealing with the fact his team is troubled
                                                                                                                                         New Year's test
                                                                                                                                            TUCSON, Ariz. - The Arizona
excellence is certainly not. Rather, he      what went wrong                                 — as troubled as some general managers Daily Star featured Ukrainian recipes
seems to grow more ingenious with each                                                       predicted in a pre-season poll when and traditions on the front page of its
subsequent shift.                               In his first season coaching the             asked which team would slip the most. Lifestyle section on Wednesday, Ja­
   "He's the smartest player I've ever       Winnipeg Jets, Tom Watt was often                  But, what exactly has gone wrong nuary 19.
seen, maybe the smartest who ever            seen smiling. He would walk proudly             with the Winnipeg Jets? I'm terribly           The story, written by Sandal English,
lived, and he's getting smarter," Gordie     into most National Hockey League               glad you asked.                              with photographs by Benjie Sanders,
Howe, hockey legend, was saying the          arenas. He was the savior of a fallen              For starters, their goaltenders are less highlighted the festivities of the Ukrai­
other day. "He's revolutionized the          franchise - The Messiah, the coach of          than adequate. A year ago, the Jets nian American Society's New Year
game. Or, at least, re-revolutionized it."   the year. He would pleasantly answer all        received more than competent netmind- celebration.
   "In the old days, we had guys who         questions people asked, and his hockey          ing from the unlikely duo of Doug              The celebration was held on Satur­
could run a game from behind the             club would not so pleasantly surprise          Soetart (unwanted by the Rangers) and day, January 15, the closest Saturday to
net. Then, it became kind of a lost art.     the opposition.                                 Ed Staniowski (a Pole, unwanted by the New Year's Day by the Julian calendar
Then, along comes this kid. He's just           In all, the year 1981-82 wasa pleasant       Blues). Now Soetart is showing why the (January 14), at the Tucson Woman's
fabulous, and I believe he is the com­       season for a team that was once hockey's        Rangers didn't want him, and Staniow­ Club.
plete package.                               worst.                                         ski plays only occasionally, and rarely         The Voloshky Dancers performed
   "People say he сапЧ skate (what?), or        A year has gone by and a pleasant           well.                                        the "Hutsulka," "Hopak "and "Koza-
he's not strong (he's strong enough), or     Tom Watt has become surly. A some­                 For example, the Flames played five chok" for the guests, and later women
he can't check (who says?). But I don't      times surly general manager John               games against the Jets to date. Winnipeg dressed in Ukrainian costumes from the
believe it. That's baloney. There isn't      Ferguson has become even more surly.           has won only one of those matches, but Poltava region served a buffet dinner
one thing he cant do. And do well. If he     An exciting, growing entity known as           outplayed Calgary in four of them. The that included varenyky, holubtsi, kov-
played back in the old days in the six-      the Winnipeg Jets seems to have stopped        difference was goaltending.                  basa and kapusta, kutia and kolach.
No. 16                                                   THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY          SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                             9

Art notes: Bodnar-Balahutrak to open one-woman show
    HOUSTON - The works of Ohio-              A native of Cleveland, Ms. Bodnar-
born realist painter Lydia Bodnar- Balahutrak received her master of fine
Balahutrak will be on display with the arts degree in 1977 from George Wash-
opening of a one-woman show here at ington University in Washington. Her
the O'Kane Gallery on May 12.              undergraduate work was done at Kent
   The show, which will run through State University in Ohio.
May 27, is the artist's first one-woman       Since moving to Houston after gra-
show in Houston, and will feature both duate school, she has held the positions
paintings and drawings.                    of instructor of painting and drawing at
    In an article on Texas art which San Jacinto College and art lecturer at
appeared in the fall 1982 issue of the University of Houston at Clear Lake
Artspace magazine, Houston art critic City.
Jana Vander Lee wrote of the artist:          The artist is scheduled to have a one-
"Another artist working with figurative woman show at the university in April
realism, but accenting painterly color, is 1984.
Lydia Bodnar-Balahutrak. The light-           Ms. Balahutrak`s works are part of
fused figure conveys the energy and both public and private collections,
aurora of personage rather than a including the Dimock Gallery, George
progression in the color theory evolving Washington University, Kent State, the
from Impressionism."                       University of St. Clement in Rome, the
    Ms. Balahuirak, 31, has participated A. Weismuller Gallery, the John Zink
in several national group exhibitions Co., Dr. N. Mayo of the University
and international shows.                   of Houston, and Dr. R. Grossman of
    Most recently her painting "Ma- the Neurosensory Center in Houston.
donna Complex" (20"x20") was award-
ed first prize in the National C.O.M.         Texas has always had a thriving if
 Small Painting and Drawing Competi- somewhat inaccessible art scene. Native
 tion, sponsored by the College of the     sons Robert Rauschenberg and, more
 Mainland and judged by Janet Fish, a recently, neo-expressionist Julian
 well-known New York painter.              Schnabel, have gone on to develop their
    In 1982 her painting "The Remem- careers in New York.
 brance of a Family Outing" was selected      Although her portraits and figures
 by Sue Graze, curator of the Dallas are highly realistic, Ms. Bodnar-Balahu-
 Museum of Art, for the "Texas Only"       trak eschews the super-realist label. "I
 show, which opened in the Dougherty do not record every detail objectively,"
 Art Center, Austin, and is now on a six- she wrote in her artist's statement. "My
 month tour of major Texas cities. Last work is interpretive and realist; I grasp
 fall, Ms. Bodnar-Balahutrak's work likenesses and postures in terms of my
 was also included in the Ukrainian own feelings and relationship to the
 Artists International Exhibit at the subject."
 Ukrainian Canadian Art Foundation in          Ms. Bodnar-Balahutrak is a member
 Toronto.                                   of UNA Branch 222.                           "Making Peace with Myself," an oil painting by Lydia Bodnar-Balahutrak.

Concert notes: Shipowick highlights UNA/UIA group's program
           by Michael Ladd               Performing Artists Group, the program          there to accompany Mr. Shipowick            The audience quickly warmed up to his
                                         this day was to explore new directions         seemed uneasy in his contemporary           easy manner and easy-going music, and
   NEW YORK - Singer Taras Shipo- pursued by Ukrainian artists.                         sound and tempos. Perhaps they are          in the second half of the program sang
wick entertained an overflow crowd at                                                   more comfortable with traditional           along with him and demanded an
                                            Performing songs from his record            dance and folk music. But, that is not
New York's Ukrainian Institute of                                                                                                   encore.
                                         album "Taras," Mr. Shipowick was all           what Mr. Shipowick's music is all
America, on Sunday, March 20, pre-                                                                                                     Ms. Dydyk performed also, deliver-
                                         professionalism. I had previously heard        about, and the audience was thus
senting two and a half hours of music                                                                                               ing an emotional but long tribute to
                                         his album, which is fresh, popular and         deprived of hearing the subtleties of his
and heritage.                                                                                                                       Taras Shevchenko by reciting (in Ukrai-
                                         well-produced with full dramatic               musical vision and the outright fun
   Described by the program emcee, arrangement, and I was looking for-                                                              nian) excerpts from his poem "Son"
Anya Dydyk, as a "master of all trades ward to hearing the singer/arranger              which is evident on his album.              (Dream).
(performing, writing, directing, produc- speak about the use of Ukrainian motifs                                                       This reviewer often had the feeling
ing), who moves past the traditional," in contemporary music.                             Sharing the bill was Bohdan An-           that he was attending a community
Mr. Shipowick lived up to his introduc-                                                 drusyshyn, who has released his own         variety show that lacked continuity and
tion.                                       The three members of the Chervona           record album, "Danchyk." He perform-        unity, rather than a serious program
   The third in a four-part series spon- Kalyna Orchestra - Oleh Sochan                 ed a multi-national selection of folk        promoting the work of Ukrainian
sored by the Ukrainian National Asso- (keyboards), Oleh Kaniuka (bass guitar)           songs in the Ukrainian, Byelorussian,       artists in contemporary music.
ciation/Ukrainian Institute of America and James Naglia (drums) - who were              French, Spanish and English languages.         The challenge of Mr. Shipowick's
                                                                                                                                    daring multi-media presentation of
                                                                                                   Students and faculty of          excerpts from "Song of Leaving" is
Students fast for political prisoners                                                               Immaculate Conception           what made the evening special, and also
                                                                                                                                    disturbing, educational and uplifting. A
                                                                                                   Ukrainian Catholic High
                                                                                                   School in Hamtramck,             slide show — accompanied by a tape
                                                                                                                                    recording of a full orchestra and chorus,
                                                                                                   Mich., were featured in          as well as by live singing and narration
                                                                                                   both the Detroit Free Press      by M r. Shipowick — took the audience on
                                                                                                   and the Macomb Daily             a musical voyage of Ukrainian immigra-
                                                                                                   when they commemorated           tion to Canada.
                                                                                                   a Day of Solidarity with            Mr. Shipowick's original songs about
                                                                                                   Ukrainian Political Pri-         hope in the New World, which feature
                                                                                                   soners. Students observed        elements of soft rock, repeated themes,
                                                                                                   the day with a fast; vend-       strong melodic lines and anti-melodic
                                                                                                   ing machines were lock-          rhythms, brought tears to the eyes of
                                                                                                   ed, candy sales stopped,         many in the audience.
                                                                                                   and lunch bags were left            Not able to present his full theatre
                                                                                                   at home. A candle lighting       piece in the limited space and with the
                                                                                                   procession was followed          budget limitations of this concert series
                                                                                                   by a special assembly.           at the Ukrainian Institute (usually
                                                                                                   Members of the senior            "Song of Leaving" is presented with live
                                                                                                   class, pictured above, read      orchestra and chorus), Mr. Shipowick
                                                                                                   various excerpts from the        explained to the audience that the work
                                                                                                   poems and letters written        had been commissioned by the Cana-
                                                                                                   by political prisoners My-       dian Arts Council and to date has been
                                                                                                   kola Rudenko, Ivan Svh`ly-       seen by over 40,000 people.
                                                                                                   chny, Iryna Senyk, Oles             Mr. Shipowick has won several
                                                                                                   Berdnyk, Yuriy Shuk-             awards, including Best Director and
                                                                                                   hevych and Vyacheslav            Best Play at Ontario Multicultural
                                                                                                           Chornovil.               Theatre festivals.
 10                                                           THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY           SUNDAY. APRIL 17. 1983                                                             No. 16

                                                               herds, and turn them over (o the GPU. It was a weekly
 1932-34 Great Famine...                                       occurrence. Sometimes a raid would be improvised a
                                                                                                                            impact on family life is portrayed vividly and frankly.
                                                                                                                            At one point, for instance, Stadnyuk writes that:
                      (Continued from pap 7)                   few hours before the arrival of a foreign delega­               "Nothing is more horrible for a man, the head of a
 unanimously and in almost identical formulas of               tion."22"                                                    family, than to feel his complete helplessness at seeing
 equivocation."                                                   The visiting delegations were, of course, carefully       the sorrowful and imploring look of his wife who
    He singles out for particular attention the phrasing       steered around any other vestiges of famine. It is to be     doesn't know what to find to feed her children...If it
 used by one of his fellow reporters. Walter Duranty of        noted, for instance, that when they actually visited         were only for a week, a month. But it was during many
 The New York Times. Duranty had reported: "There              farming areas, they visited only a few selected farms -      m o n t h s that most families of K o k h a n o v k a had
 is no actual starvation or deaths from starvation, but        and never individual peasants. Hence it was that             nothing to put on the table. All corn bins werecleaned
 there is widespread mortality from diseases due to'           foreign guests were treated s o m e w h a t like Mr.         out. all cellars emptied, no chicken was left in the back
 malnutrition." 2 " "This amazing sophistry," Lyons            Herriot, who "...saw only what his hosts intended him        yard. Even beet seeds were all eaten...The first who
 states, "has become among foreign reporters the               to see, and remained completely ignorant of what was         died of hunger were men. Then children. Then women.
 classic example of journalistic understatement." He           going on a few miles away." 229                              But before the people died they frequently went insane
 adds that: "It characterizes sufficiently the whole              11 is small wonder, then, that such an otherwise well-    and stopped being human beings" (p. 58).
 shabby episode of our failure to report honestly the          informed student of Russia as Sir John Mavnard
 gruesome Russian famine of 1932-33.``212                      could report after a tour through Ukraine and thS North         The novel treats only certain rather localized aspects
    Jones may have' been surprised at the rebuttal             Caucasus that he "...did not witness those phenomena,        of the famine. Yet it is made quite clear that the heavy
 provided by the Moscow correspondents - from                  including crowds of beggars and emaciated children at        procurements were a major cause. There is also an
 whom he had obtained some of his information — but            the river ports and railway stations, which are              implicit but unmistakable reference to central policy
 he was equal to the situation. Shortly thereafter he          normally associated with serious famine" - and on            as a whole:
 wrote to The New York Times that: "...censorship has          this basis conclude that "...the scarcity of that time was     "Your ruler saw a ray of the sun and imagined the
 turned them into masters of euphemism and under­              in no way comparable to the great famines.." 230             sun to live in his own soul. An imaginary sun gives
 statement." 213                                                                                                            imaginary warmth. The ruler's soul is warmed with the
    But one thing the correspondents did report was the           There were other groups in the countryside,               delusion of infallibility, nourished by the sycophancy
 new ban on travel into the countryside which was               however, who could not be so misled. These were the         of some and the silence of others in fear of death.
 promulgated in August. Following the reports of a              foreign specialists who were working for foreign firms.     Incapable of encompassing all the complexity of the
 German paper. 214 correspondents were told that they           One source of famine information, for instance, was         people, not knowing the way, unyielding as death, he
 had to file a detailed itinerary and an indication of          the Drusag Agricultural Concession in the North             sows grief in the land" (p. 77).
 purpose for trips outside Moscow. Permission was              Caucasus. It was subsequently closed in late August. 231
                                        215                    And during this period, Ammende suggests, the                   This paragraph occurs in a remarkable passage (the
 denied for trips into famine areas. Even sympathetic
 writers, such as Maurice Hindus, were denied                  Soviets began to refuse to renew the contracts of            first part of section 26) which is a powerful moral
permission.    216
                    In addition, "The Stalin dictatorship      foreign specialists who saw too much. 232                    condemnation of the political philosophy which made
frowned on any attempts on the part of even foreign                                                                         the famine possible.
C o m m u n i s t s to see what was g o i n g on in the           A more important method, though, was the refusal             The essence of Stadnyuk`s story is that the peasantry
country." 217                                                  to give permission to Soviet citizens who wished to          were treated as second-class citizens, expendable for
   SuJLj^ei;e. were leaks'.. Whiting Williams somehow          leave the country. And as today, those who did get out       political ends. Despite some minor and inessential
gountptthe-area^eflied voic^trespDndents,2111 as did           were reminded of the relatives that they had left            elements of melodrama and Communist orthodoxy,
the Stebalos and others. But theirs were only scattered        behind. 233                                                  he places the famine squarely within this causal
reports, and in some cases (Williams, for instance)               For those who might have tried to find some trace of      framework.
they were not published until some time later.                 the famine in,the national statistics, other measures
   As the 1933 harvest was gathered, the famine area           were taken. First, the crop reporting system, as we       210. Ibid. The meeting at which this agreement was
was opened in easy stages.                                     have noted, was changed to a biological yield basis —  reached is described in detail on pp. 375-576.
                                                               which made it difficult to make comparisons with          211. Duranty, loc. cit. (March 31).
   "The first to be given permission to travel in the
                                                               previous years (if one realized that a change had been    212. Lyons, op. cit., p. 572.
forbidden z o n e s were the technically 'friendly'
                                                               made). 234 Secondly, the government ceased issuing        213. Jones, loc. cit.
reporters, whose dipatches might be counted upon to
                                                               vital statistics for the area during the period. 233 This 214. Koelnischer Zeitung (Barnes, loc. cit. August 21).
take the sting out of anything subsequent travelers
                                                               meant, as we have noted, that one co.u,ld not assess the  215. "Moscow Doubles..." loc. cit.; Chamberlin, op. cit.
migh^.rfiport., DuxapAy,,fos, irvs),ancej,wae given,,a t w o                                                          (April !f935), p. 433; Lyons,' op. cit., p. 576.
                                                             "famine' r5y` s^mJyihg-deaftiTates, And even j f these
weeks' advantage over most of USJ" 2 "                                                                                   216. Barnes, loc. cit. (August 21).
                                                              figures had been released, there is some question as to
   The Soviets' faith in Duranty turned out to be well                                                                   217. Beal, op. cit., p. 245.
                                                               how meaningful any breakdown might have been, for
placed. In his articles he indicates that he"now"found                                                                   218. Williams, loc. cit. (December 1933).
                                                               physicians were reportedly prohibited from ascribing
conditions good in the famine areas - and admitted                                                                       219. Lyons, op. cit., p. 579.
                                                              death to famine. 236                                       220. See his series of articles da(elined Kharkiv and
only that conditions had been "hard" the previous
winter. 220 Yet, Lyons reports that he and several others         Though the whole picture of the Soviets "news        Rostov, in The New York Times in September 1933:
met with Duranty on his return, at which time:                 management" is now clear, it was not then. The result  September 14 (p. 14); 18 (p. 8); 19 (p. 15).
                                                               was that the story of the famine was effectively killed.  221. Lyons, op. cit., p. 580.
   "He gave us his fresh impressions in brutally frank
                                                               What news did leak out reached the public too late to     221 Ammende, op. cit., p. 76.
terms and they added up to a picture of ghastly horror.
                                                              do any good. As Eugene Lyons put it:                       223. Walker, op. cit., (February 18), p. 1.
 His estimate of the dead from the famine was the most                                                                   224. Ammende, op. cit., pp. 75,76; Manning, op. cit., pp.
starling I had as yetheardfrom anyone."       221                 "The most rigorous censorship in all of Soviet
                                                                                                                      99, 100; Allen, op. cit., p. 329. A particularly unfortunate
   Lest such disclosures leak out, it appears that the         Russia's history had been successful - it had
                                                                                                                      outcome of this move was that many parents left their
authorities later clamped down on travel to the point         concealed the catastrophe until it was ended, thereby   children behind rather than take them back to "certain
that all trips were under "...the complete control of the     bringing confusion, doubt, contradiction into the       starvation." (Williams, op. cit., February 24, pp. 16, 17).
'Intourist` organization and other Soviet authori­            whole subject."237                                         225. Ammende, op. cit., p. 76; Chamberlin, op. cit.
ties. ,,J2J
            Walker later notes that he broke away from            Not only were the Soviets successful in covering the(1934), pp. 85-86.
such a group to make his own tour. 223                        story at the time, but they did such a good job that:      226. Ammende, loc. cit.; Berland, loc. cit.: Duggan, op.
                                                                  "Years after the event — when no Russian Commu­     cit., p. 696; Williams, op. cit. (February 24), p. 19;
                                                              nist in his senses any longer concealed the magnitude   Muggeridge, op. cit. (June 5), p. П. Also see Fyodor
2. Concealing the symptoms                                                                                            Abramov, "One Day in The 'New Life' " (translation by
                                                              of the famine — the question whether there had been a
                                                              famine at all was still being disputed in the outside   David Floyd of "Vokrug da okolo," Neva, No. I, 1963),
   Because it was not possible to keep everyone out of                                                                Praeger, New York, 1963 (published as "The Dodgers,"
                                                              world." 238
the southern USSR, rather elaborate steps were taken                                                                  London. 1963), pp. 129-30, particularly the footnote.
to conceal the famine. This, first of all, meant getting          There seems little doubt, then, that the Soviet
                                                                                                                         227. Solovei op. cit., p. 34.
the starving out of the cities and away from the              throttling of famine news was one of the most effective    228. Beal, op. cit., p. 244; also see pp. 257-259.
factories and the railroads.                                  programs of its sort in history.                           229. Ammende, op. cit., p. 240. Details on Herriot's tour
    During the first part of the famine, as we have                                                                   are provided on pp. 223-257. Also see Lyons, op. cit., pp.
indicated, great numbers of peasants flocked to the                               Postscript                          576-577.
cities in hope of finding food. They arrived in severely                                                                 230. Maynard, op. cit., pp. 249-250.
weakened condition, and died in great numbers. The            This is about as far as we can go with the available       231. Ammende, op. cit., p. 190, also p. 48; "German
                                                           evidence. The reason for the lack of Soviet references     Concession in Russia is Liquidating; Model Farm Has Been
presence of these dead and dying individuals was a                                                                    Profitable Venture," The New York Times, August 28,1933,
severe embarrassment to the regime. Hence, they            is obvious enough. But Soviet sources are likely to
                                                           appear, for the government is becoming more liberal        p. 2.
attempted to exile these people outside the urban zone                                                                   232. Ammende, loc. cit.
- 6Q,miles away - or to turn them back to their own        in its treatment of the past. To quote the Soviet poet
                                                                                                                         233. Ibid., p;, 76. 190; Kulischer, op. cit., p. 97.
villages, to die in obscurity. 224 Others were shipped to  and editor Alexander Tvardovsky:
                                                                                                                         234. The biological yield method is dicussed by Jasny, op.
Sibefja. 221
             These steps were aided by the introduction       "...whatever the past was like, we in the present must  cit., pp. 728-729.
of aj)assport system which essentially meant that the      not be indifferent to it. Only by g o i n g into its          235. Lyons, op. cit., p. 579; Jasny, op. cit., p. 553; Eason,
peasants were not permitted to leave their home            consequences fully, courageously and truthfully can        loc. cit.
                                                           we guarantee a complete and irrevocable break with            236. Birchall, loc. cit.; Williams, op. cit. (February 24),p.
   About the same time, a former resident reports, the     all things that cast a shadow over the past." 23 '         22; Manning, op. cit., p. 101.
                                                                                                                         237. Lyons, op. cit., p. 577.
government, through the NKVD, gave strict orders              A month after this statement appeared, the                 238. Ibid., pp. 577-578.
"-SWF toallow any bodies to be lying around the rail      Russians published a short novel which for perhaps             239. From his preface to Alexander Solzhenitsyn's novel
line,atid that no one on the passing trains was to be     the first time contained direct references to the famine.   "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich." originally
a I'owed to see any such sight." 227                      Titled "Liudi ne angely" (People Are Not Angeisj. it        published in Novy Mir. November 1962 (As cited in the
   ТЬете was also a clean-up around some of the           was written by Ivan Stadnyuk and appeared in the            Bantam-Praeger edition. New York, 1963. p. xvii).
showplace factories in the famine areas. The Kharkiv      December 1962 issue of Neva (pp. 3-І I4).      240             240. The same publication carried Fyodor Abramov's
tractor factory is a case in point. The process is                                                                    "Vokrug da okolo" (op. cit.) one month later.
                                                              Primarily concerned with Ukrainian village life
desettbedby Beal:                                                                                                        241. This study has been a personal project; the views
                                                          during the collectivization period, the novel (parti­       expressed are my own. I am indebted to Eugene Lyons for
   "TrSe Soviet authorities ... would round up the cularly section 20, pp. 57-60) is relatively courageous
starTj^g/peo^e.jn,tb,e^ streets, collect,th,em,in great.. in that it-makes-neisecretof^he famine;'Infactiit?- his review of an earlier draft and to Andrew Fessenko for his
                                                                                                                     -^sistanw ittW^pi^rahW"dWhe'^ds^^
No. 16                                                       THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY          SUNDAY, APRIL 17. 1983                                                              11

UNA executive...                               pation in the Illinois Fraternal Con­
                                               gress on March 10-11. She said that
                                                                                           other matters.
                                                                                              The senator concluded his report by
                                                                                                                                       particularly for their preparation and
                                                                                                                                       publication of the March 20 special
           (Continued f r o * p a f 5I         among the important issues discussed        informing about his efforts in explain­     issue on the Great Famine.
 to insure 520 members among the 1,597         were the difficulties and possibilities     ing why the Svoboda daily arrives in           He closed his report with several
 new members organized in the six-             facing fraternal-benefit insurance insti­   Canada so late by mail, and by asking       observations and suggestions concern­
 month period from October 1982 to             tutions in contemporary society.            that the Canadian Representation be         ing the preparation by the national
 March.                                           She said that fraternal institutions     included in more national UNA events.       committee on the Great Famine of
    in the first three months of 1983, the     should review such administrative                                                       commemorative observances in Wash­
 UNA has organized 549 new members:            matters as the direct payment of dues to            Vice president's report             ington.
 in January — 147, in Feburary — 158           the main offices instead of to local
 and in March — 244.                           branches, and should modernize opera­          Dr. Kuropas opened his report with a           Supreme president's report
   The following districts organized the       tions by installing computers.              reference to a January meeting of the
 highest number of members in the first           Mrs. Paschen added that fraternal        Chicago UNA District Committee,
 months of 1983: Philadelphia — 93,                                                                                                The series of reports was concluded
                                               institutions should also continue to        during which he said it was decided to
                                                                                                                                with the report of the supreme presi­
 Chicago — 47, New York — 40, Sha-             expand fraternal activities.                commemorate the 90th anniversary of
 mokin. Pa. — 39, and Detroit — 37.                                                                                             dent. Mr. Flis reported that the Paul us
                                                  She also mentioned that the Illinois     Svoboda with a program in September  Hook apartment building, which is run
   The Supreme Organizer ended his              Fraternal Congress, in honoring its        at St. Joseph's Ukrainian Catholic   by the UNA along with a Puerto Rican
 report with the following plan of action      deceased members, cited long-time           Church.                              organization under the supervision of
 for the next few months:                       UNA advisor and honorary supreme              He also reviewed the success of recent
                                                                                                                                state and federal authorities, always
   • To prepare a secretarial-organizing       assembly member, the late John Ewan-        screenings of UNA films "The Helm of presents some sort of a problem.
course which will take place at Soyu-          chuk.                                       Destiny" and "Insurance Plus" in     Currently, the authorities are pressur­
zivka on May 16-20. The course will be            Mrs.Paschen rounded out her report       Chicago's Ukrainian parishes, screen­ing the UNA to hire professional
designed for secretaries and organizers        by noting the successful screening in       ings he helped organize. The films   management for the building.
as well as for UNA members who. in the          Indiana of Slavko Nowytski's UNA-          were shown at St. Joseph's, Ss. Vo-     The UNA Building has no notable
opinion of the Executive Committee,            sponored film "The Helm of Destiny,"        lodymyr and Olha and St. Nicholas    problems at this point, said Mr. Flis. Its
will bene!її from this type of course.         which deals with the history of Ukrai­      Ukrainian Catholic parishes, and St. board of directors, which includes three
   • To convene an organizing confe­           nians in the United States.                 Andrew's Ukrainian Orthodox Church.  supreme officers who work full-time at
rence for district chairmen on June 4                                                      Taking part in the programs were     the main office, Supreme Auditor
and 5.                                                 Canadian directors report           Mykhailo Olshansky, head of the Chi­ Nestor Olesnycky and Supreme Ad­
   • To ask each delegate to the 30th                                                      cago district, and Stefania Lisovych.visor Tares Szmagala, had met several
 UNA Convention held in May 1982 to                Sen. Yuzyk began his report by          Dr. Kuropas noted that part of each  days earlier.
organize at least one new member.               pointing out that, in his view, his program was devoted to providing the           Mr. Flis also reported the following:
   • To organize a special jubilee or­          proposed addendum to the by-laws audience with information about the               • He had visited the Detroit, New
ganizing campaign in May, June and             dealing with the UNA Directorate for UNA and answering any questions they York, Allentown, Pa., and other UNA
August among subscribers of the Svo-            Canada, made at the UNA'S 30th might have had. He said that college districts.
boda Daily, The Ukrainian Weekly and            Regular Convention, and the discussion students also saw the films during          • A meeting of the scaled-down
Veselka, in honor of the publications'          and ruling on the matter at the last UNA Ethnic Week in Chicago.                UNA Cultural Committee, which in­
anniversaries.                                  Supreme Executive Committee meet­          The vice president then reported on cludes the supreme officers and the
   • To plan an organizing campaign in          ing, were inaccurately reported. He his recent visit to the Harvard Ukrai­ editors of UNA publications, was held
July and August, highlighting the ADD           suggested a review of the tape record­ nian Research Institute, where he met to discuss a plan of action.
insurance policy, because during the            ing of the meeting.                      with its chairman, Prof. Omeljan          • Soyuzivka has several problems
summer vacation months there is an                 In addition, he mentioned the or­ Pritsak, as well as with Drs. James which can be solved only with much
increase in accident rates.                    ganizing and administrative situation of Mace, Frank Sysyn, George Grabowicz, work and money. Preparations for the
   • To prepare a new brochure and              the UNA in Canada, which he said was Ihor Sevcenko and others.                  summer season are already under way.
update the "Facts about the UNA"                discussed at a meeting of the Canadian     Among the topics discussed was the especially the modernization of rooms
pamphlet.                                        Representation held in Toronto in forthcoming publication of Prof. Robert in the Main House.
   Mr. Hawrysz also spoke about or­             November 1982. He noted that in Conquest's book on the Great Famine                • Mr. Firs participated in the most
ganizing efforts in Canada, where out of        addition to himself, the representation in Ukraine (1932-33), a project jointly recent World Congress of Free Ukrai­
a quota of 700 new members in 1982,             consists of Supreme Auditor John financed by the UNA and HURT Mr                nians Presidium meeting held in New
Canada had only organized 203 mem­               Hewryk, Supreme Advisors Tekla Kuropas said that he was told the text of York
bers. The following districts enrolled           Мого/ and Wasyl Didiuk, as well as the book would befinishedby the end of          The supreme president also noted at
new members: Toronto — 80; Montreal             honorary member of the Supreme this year, and that the book should be the conclusion of his report: "We are all
— 61; Niagara — 53 and western Ca­              Assembly and executive officer of the released in the latter half of 1984.      proud of our English-language Ukrai­
nada — only nine.                                UNAs Canadian office BohdanZorych.        Although Harvard is not publishing nian Weekly and its young editors:
   During thefirstthree months of 1983,           Sen. Yuzyk indicated that among the book, Dr. Conquest's reputation Roma Sochan Hadzewycz, George
the following districts organized 17 new       administrative and organizing pro­ and popularity should ensure that it will Zarycky and Marta Kolomayets."
members each: Toronto, Montreal and            blems discussed at the meeting were: be published by a prestigious publish­
Niagara. The western Canada district           representation at the annual Dauphin ing house. Dr. Kuropas said.                                 Discussion
organized only one member. The su­             Festival, the necessity of hiring quali­    He added that he was particularly
preme organizer ended his report by            fied organizers, the publication of a impressed with Dr. Mace, the researcher        At the conclusion of each officer's
giving details of the work of each             history of the UNA in Canada, and the on the Conquest book, who will soon report, discussions were held. Among
individual organize!                           proposed budget of $76,000. which will release his own book on national the matters touched upon were: grant­
         Vice presidents s report              include an allocation for two yet-to-be- communism in Ukraine.                    ing of mortgages to individual UNA
                                               hired organizers as well as for office      Dr. Kuropas also especially praised members and to institutions; the amend-
   Mrs.Paschen reported on her partici­        expenses, representation outlays and the editors of The Ukrainian Weekly,                   (( ontinutd on pact 12)

     September 1932                                              a correspondent of the London Daily Express
                                                                 24 hours' notice to leave the Soviet Union. She
                                                                                                                         government had three assignments in the near
                                                                                                                         future: to conduct a countrywide mobilization of
                      (Co.llaii. from pap 7)                     was accused by the government of falsely                food for the USSR's population; to develop the
     regime, the peasants had gotten used to living              reporting on the situation in the country.              country's trade; and to produce all necessities for
     without many daily necessities, it stated, but this           According to news that arrived from Moscow            everyday life for Soviet citizens. The
     time the government had gone too far.                      on September 27, Stalin had insisted that the            government was searching for a socialist solution
        On September 12, news came from Moscow                   peasantry give up even more of their wheat then         to the situation, reported Svoboda.
     about Soviet newspapers which were full of                 was first reported; the workers had also been
     complaints about the lack of food for Soviet               taxed for everything they grew. A newly issued
     citizens. The Soviet press also printed many               decree stated that in the next 15 months, each           Around the world:
     comments from foreign visitors, who praised the            peasant family would have to give the govern­               In New York, Mayor James (Jimmy) Walker
     success of the Soviet government.                          ment 88 to 110 pounds of meat, for a low,                resigned as a several frauds were exposed in the
        A news brief (cabled from Moscow) that                  government-sanctioned price. The decree also             municipal government during his second ad­
     appeared in the Newark Evening News reported:              stated that the farmers would no longer get grain        ministration. The state legislature ordered an
     "Ukrainian leaders deliberately set Ukraine's              from the government; if they intended to plant           investigation; 15 charges were leveled at the
     wheat quota at an excessive figure in ordT- to             anything, they had to obtain seeds for them­             mayor, who hastily resigned in September and
     please the Kremlin, and, as a result, had to               selves.                                                  went to Europe, where he lived for a number of
     requisition the peasants' private supplies to                 On September 29, Svoboda received news                years before returning to the United States.
     cover their own mistake. As this is written, it is         from Moscow that "The Bolshevik government                  In Warsaw, the Polish courts continued to
     understood that Comrade Boboff. minister of                held a banquet in honor of three foreign                 sentence Ukrainians for past crimes. In late
     education, is soon to go to Ukraine to carry out           correspondents for writing propaganda in their           September five Ukrainians were sentenced to
     disciplinary measures."                                    favor." The three distinguished journalists were         lengthy prison terms for taking part in a congress
        News from Kiev published in Svoboda on                  Walter Duranty'of The New York Times, Louis              of Ukrainian nationalists held in Vienna three
     September 22, reported that Soviet officials had           Fisher of the Baltimore Sun and William H.               years earlier.
     begun admitting to correspondents of foreign               Chamberlin of the Christian Science Monitor.                In Spain, the Agrarian Law, one provision of
     newspapers that the year's harvest was not as                 The headlines in Svoboda on September 30              which stated that both Catalan and Castilian
     productive as in recent years.                             read: "Crisis in the Soviet Union Deepens."              would be official languages in Catalonia, was
        Also on that day. the Soviet government gave            According to the story datelined Moscow, the             passed.
12                                                                  THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY          SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983                                                                                                            No. 16

Manor receives funds from Hutsuls                                                                 Manor appoints new trustees
                                                                                                  J EN KINTOWN, Pa. - Sister Miriam                                     tion, public service and the arts, and has
                                                                                               Claire OSBM, president of Manor                                          served as a communications consultant.
                                                                                               Junior College, has announced the                                           Ms. Devlin is an assistant district
                                                                                               appointment of several new members to                                    attorney for the Bucks County District
                                                                                               the college's board of trustees.                                         Attorney's office, Doylestown. She is a
                                                                                                  The new trustees are: Sister Mary                                     member of the Pennsylvania Bar Asso­
                                                                                                Bernarda OSBM of Philadelphia; Ro­                                      ciation and the Brehon Law Society.
                                                                                               bert Francis Trainer of Upper Black                                         Ms. Bescoe is a former art supervisor
                                                                                               Eddy, Pa., Anthony Zecca of Philadel­                                    for the Philadelphia school system, who
                                                                                               phia; Diane McMonagle Devlin and                                         served on the Moore College of Art
                                                                                                Harriette K. Bescoe, both of Fox Chase;                                 board of managers. She is a deacon at
                                                                                               and Sally Kuzma Mydlowecof Feaster-                                      the Fox Chase Memorial Presbyterian
                                                                                              'ville, Pa.                                                               Church.
                                                                                                  Sister Mary Bernarda is the principal                                    Ms. Mydlowec         attended Manor
                                                                                               and a teacher at St. Nicholas School in                                  Junior College and Temple University.
                                                                                               Philadelphia. She is a member of the                                     She has taught in the Centennial School
                                                                                               National Catholic Education Assc Na­                                     District at the William Tennent High
                                                                                               tion, the Ukrainian Music Institute of                                   School in Warminster and is a member
                                                                                               America and the Music Educator's                                         of the American Biology Teachers
                                                                                               Association. Mr. Trainer is a vice                                       Association and the National Science
                                                                                               president of sales for the Roller Bearing                                Teachers Association. She has served
                                                                                               Co. of America in West Trenton, N.J.                                     on the Manor College Mission State­
Roman Dubenko (left), coordinator of the Ukrainian Heritage Studies                               Mr. Zecca served as deputy mayor of                                   ment Planning Committee, and is the
Center of Manor Junior College in Jenkintown, Pa., accepts a special check                     the city under Mayor Frank Rizzo. He                                     secretary of the advisory board and a
for the work of the center from Dmytro Tkachuk, president of the Ukrainian                     has a wide range of experience in                                        past chairperson of the education and
World Federation of Hutsuls in memory of the late Mykyta Draganchuk. The                      journalism, government, administra­                                       recruiting committee.
UHSC at Manor is dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the
heritage and culture of Ukraine and its people. The UHSC includes an                              . ПГЛп A                To                                            buried. He said that it was only with the
archives division, a museum of arts and crafts of Ukraine and library                             U N A              6XGCUtlV6...                                       help of the cemetery administration and
                                 facilities.                                                                                                                            two workers that they were able to find
                                                                                                       (Continued from page II)
                                                                                              ment to the UNA By-laws mentioned by                                      the gravesite which has become over-'
Expresses...                                     There should be available recipes for
                                                 natural dyes, a comprehensive listing of
                                                                                              Sen. Yuzyk; the work of certain or­
                                                                                              ganizers and secretaries; the Svoboda
                                                                                                                                                                        grown. Also buried at the site are the
                                                                                                                                                                        Rev. Dmytriw's wife, daughter, son
          (Continued from page 6)                the various designs, their meanings and      Press; and the Cultural Committee.                                        and daughter-in-law.
very beautiful and well-made, I was              uses, and a history of pysanky. "These
distressed to see this talent directed                                                          All reports were unanimously ap­                                           Later, Messrs. Flis and Dragan
                                                 traditions which are so precious will        proved.                                                                   visited the Bezsoniw monument com­
away from the traditional pysanka.               surely be lost or misdirected if we do not
Those of us who do make pysanky                                                                                                                                         pany in order to obtain information
                                                 care for them. I would sincerely welcome                                                                               about erecting a monument on the site.
should strive to keep traditional colors                                                            Commendation for The Weekly
                                                 an in-depth study of pysanky, whether
and designs, methods and magic alive in          as a book, a series of articles, or even
our pysanky. Otherwise, we will not                                                              In their reports, Messrs. Kuropasand                                              Community law and order
                                                 letters to me. My address is: Ihor
have pysanky, but "Ukrainian Easter                                                           Flis and commended The Weekly
                                                 Slabicky, 812 Newport Manor, New­                                                                                        Mr. Flis and Mrs. Diachuk informed
eggs." What a loss that would be.                                                             editors for their work and achieve­
                                                 port, R.I. 02840.                                                                                                     the Executive Committee members
   It is unfortunate that there is little                                                     ments. Other officers seconded the
                                                                                              commendation.                                                            about their participation as UNA
information readily available about all                                      Ibor Slabicky                                                                             representatives in meetings and activi­
the traditions associated with pysanky.                                      Newport, R.I.       The three-person staff was commend­                                   ties of, respectively, the Committee for
                                                                                              ed especially for preparing the special                                   Law and Order in the UCCA and the
                                                                                              issue on the Great Famine in Ukraine                                      National Committee to Commemorate
                  jSfe                              TUNE IN TO                                (March 20, 1983). Copies of the special                                  Genocide Victims in Ukraine 1932-33.

          hJP                     NATIVE MELODY
                                                                                              issue are now being ordered by persons
                                                                                              and organizations throughout the
                                                                                              United States and Canada. Copies were
                                                                                              sent to all U.S. senators and represen­
                                                                                                                                                                       Both pointed to the near hopelessness of
                                                                                                                                                                       these committees' attempts to come to
                                                                                                                                                                       some sort of understanding with the
                                                                                                                                                                       representatives of the Ukrainian Libera­
                                                                                              tatives in Washington, and they are now                                  tion Front who speak in the name of the
                                                                                              being disseminated among other in­                                       UCCA.
                                                                                              fluential persons, according to Dr.                                         As a result of their reports and the
                                                                                              Kuropas.                                                                 ensuing discussion, the Supreme Execu­
                                                                                                                                                                       tive Committee unanimously approved
                                                                                              Monument on Father Dmytriw's grave                                       a resolution concerning law and order
                                                                                                                                                                       in the Ukrainian community.
                                                                                                  Mr. Flis reported that he and Svo­                                      After a discussion of miscellaneous
                                                                                              boda editor emeritus Anthony Dragan                                      matters, including the annual meeting
              17th ANNUAL UNA                                                                 had visited the cemetery in Elizabeth,
                                                                                              N.J., where the Rev. Nestor Dmytriw,
                                                                                                                                                                       of the Supreme Assembly which is
                                                                                                                                                                       slated to take place at Soyuzivka during
            BOWLING TOURNAMENT                                                                former UNA supreme secretary and
                                                                                              Svoboda editor who died in 1925, is
                                                                                                                                                                       the week of June 6, the meeting was
  Український Народний Союз, Інк.
     Ukrainian National Association, Inc.
                                                                                              |       THE UKRAINIAN INSTITUTE OF AMERICA
                                                                                                                                                            Li\                                                                             |
  )/Vhere? Rochester, N.Y.
                                                                                              |                                                               PRESENTS                                                                       |
  When? Saturday-Sunday, May 2 8 - 2 9 , 1 9 8 3
                                                                                              І                THE 3rd IN ITS LECTURE SERIES FROM THE HARVARD                                                                               |
                Guaranteed prizes for men's and women's team events.                          |                         UKRAINIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE:                                                                                       |
                 Men's team S900.00 - 1st place, S450 - 2nd place
                Women's team ( 4 0 0 . 0 0 - 1st place, S200 - 2nd place                      | "THE UKRAINIAN FAMINE - 1933" |
            Organize your teams now. Mail in your entry blanks                                Ц     This lecture will represent the single most important program of the Ukrainian Institute for Spring. Щ
                         before May 1st, 1983                                                 щ 1983. It will be presented in conjunction with the Ukrainian Engineers' Society of America.              Щ
                                                                                              Ц     The program will consist of three parts:                                                             j5
                    For further information and entry blanks call or write
                                                                                              s        a) Dr. James E. Mace will update the HURI study on the artificially imposed famine of 1933, S
             FRANK KUBARICH, 72 Mayville Lane. ROCHESTER, N.Y. 14617                          E            the year of Soviet collectivization of farming in Ukraine. Emphasis will be directed to S
                          Telephone: (716) 544-4954                                           5            actual experiences in the countryside.                                                         s
                                                                                              S             b) Mr. Jurij Stepovij of Chicago will present his eyewitness experience of this major catas- Щ
                                   OTHER EVENTS INCLUDE
                                                                                              Щ                trophe.                                                                                   E
            DOUBLES - SINGLES - ALL EVENTS F R MEN AND WOMEN                                  Ц              c) An exhibit of photographs and other documentation detailing the horrors of the famine.                                     Щ
                 Bowler's Social - Saturday, May 28, 1983                                     |                                Saturday, April 23rd 1983 at 7:00 p.m.
                    Banquet - Sunday. May 29, 1983                                            і                                  The Ukrainian Institute of America                                                                          |
                                                                                              |                                         2 East 79th Street m New York, N.Y.                                                                  |

No. 16                                                          THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY         SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983

Sacramento Ukrainians hold display                                                           Washington pays tribute to Shevchenko
                                                                                                WASHINGTON - An English-
                                                                                             language program in tribute to Taras
                                   THE                                                       Shevchenko was organized in the parish
                                                                                             center of the Ukrainian Catholic Na­
                          UKRAINIAN                                                          tional Shrine of the Holy Family in the
                                                                                             nation's capital on March 13. Under
                         НШЩСШВ                                                              the initiative of the Ukrainian in English
                               NORTHERN                                                      Series Committee, the program was
                                                                                             coordinated by Theophil Staruch.
                                                                                                The program, dubbed "Taras Shev­
                                                                                             chenko in Word and Song," was opened
                                                                                             and emceed by Jurij Dobczansky. The
                                                                                             parish choir under the direction of Prof.
                                                                                             Mykola Kormeluk sang Shevchenko`s
                                                                                             "The Setting Sun."
                                                                                                The principal speaker was Jaroslav
                                                                                             Shtendera of the Ukrainian Service of
                                                                                             the Voice of America, who gave a three-
                                                                                             part presentation on "Taras Shev­            Jaroslav Shtendera speaks on Shev­
                                                                                             chenko: His Life, His Works and His          chenko`s life and works and their
                                                                                             Significance." This lecture was illustrat­               significance.
                                                                                             ed by slides on Shevchenko`s life and
                                                                                             art, prepared and shown by Mr. Staruch.       program honoring Shevchenko in
                                                                                                The second part of the presentation        Washington, and the second program
                                                                                             integrated recitations of selections from    organized by the Ukrainian in English
                                                                                             Shevchenko`s poetry. These included           Series Committee. In February, it
                                                                                             the following readings in English and        organized a panel presentation on
                                                                                              Ukrainian: "1 Was Thirteen" by Dr.           Ukrainian traditions throughout the
                                                                                             Chritine Kuzmovych, "The Plundered           year with slides and an exhibit. Mo­
                                                                                             Grave" by Dr. Stephen Kurylas, "To the       derator and panelists included Marta
                                                                                             Dead, the Living and the Unborn" by          Pereyma, Natalia Kormeluk and Aris-
                                                                                             Joan Slattery, "The Princess" by Marta       tida Staruch.
                                                                                              Pereyma and "1 Care Not" by Andrew             Coming up soon will be Dr. Zenon
                                                                                              Krasulski.                                  Kohut's presentation on "The Great
                                                                                                The parish choir concluded the pro­       Famine of the 1930s." Presently, there
                                                                                             gram by singing Shevchenko`s "The            are several other programs in the
                                                                                             Testament" in Ukrainian. While the           planning stage. The "Ukrainian in
                                                                                             choir softly hummed the melody, Mary         English Series Committee" was esta­
                                                                                              Ellen Keyes recited "The Testament" in      blished to present Ukrainian topics in
                                                                                              English.                                    English in order to reach a larger
Mykola Kostyrko, exhibit assistant, and Stefania Miszkewycz, exhibit                            This was the first English-language       audience.
coordinator, are seen above with Marta Bojczuk (right) and Lidia Malenko, Maid
of Ukraine, at the display prepared by the Ukrainian Heritage Club of Northern
                   California for the annual Camellia Festival.
         by Barbara Kubichka                        On Saturday March 12, club mem­
                                                                                              MiJffl' dancers кМйР,МУЖ
                                                 bers were among the more than 700
   SACRAMENTO, Calif. - Ukrai­                   people in attendance at the Interna­
nians in Sacramento were busy the first          tional Friendship Luncheon hosted by
two weekends in March as members of              the Japanese community of Sacra­
the Ukrainian Heritage Club of Northern          mento. Miss Malenko, Maid of Ukraine,
California participated in the city's 29th       was escorted to the VIP table by club
annual Camellia Festival.                        president Yuriy Oliynyk.
   On March 5 and 6 the club's exhibit at           Miss Malenko is the 19-year-old
the Camellia Show displayed a slice of           daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Tim Malenko
Ukrainian culture and history as one of          of Napa. She is a student at Napa Junior
15 ethnic booths on display at the               College and hopes to become a registered
Sacramento Community Center. Ac­                 nurse.
cording to show officials, an estimated             This was the second year the Ukrai­
15,000 people attended the two-day               nian Heritage Club has participated in
show.                                            the Camellia Festival. Vice president
  The exhibit organized by Stefania              Alex Kachmar has spearheaded the
Miszkewycz of Roseville treated viewers          club's involvement in this annual com­
to an up-close look at authentic Ukrai­          munity event and has represented
nian embroidery, pysanky, traditional            Ukrainian interests on the festival
baked goods, folk dress, woodcarvings            executive committee for the past two
and books. Lidia Malenko of Napa                 years.
spent hours at the exhibit^answering                Mr. Kachmar said that the 1988
questions and explaining techniques              festival will be hosted by the Ukrainians
used in making pysanky to the curious            in commemoration of the millennium of
viewers.                                         Christianity in Ukraine.

             Mayor-elect is Ukrainians' ally                                                             Some of the members of the Ukrainian Dancers of Mir лі.
      ELMIRA HEIGHTS, N.Y. - On                    In addition, according to Mr.
   March 15 Chester (Chet)Lunner was             Korchynsky, Mr. Lunner has been                MIAMI - February proved to be a dancers from the group to this year's
   elected mayor of this upstate city            an avid reader of The Weekly for the         busy month for the Ukrainian Dancers dance workshops at Soyuzivka, the
   and, according to area resident               past five years. The subscription was       of Miami, with the troupe holding its UNA'S mountain resort in upstate New
   Walter Korchynsky, the town's U-              a gift from local UNA Branch 271.           annual scholarship dinner-dance on the York.
   krainian community has a kindred                                                           13th and performing at Ft. Lauderdale's       Making their dance debuts were
                                                    With such an impressive record of        Lion's Club on the 19th, reported group Cristina Liebster, Tim Barna, Stephanie
   spirit in City Hall.                          service to the Ukrainian community,
      It was Mr. Lunner, a village trustee                                                   member Hanya Maksymowich.                   Gardner, 3, and Andrew Talan, 5.
                                                 by far the largest ethnic group in this
   for eight years, who was one of the           town of 6,000, Mr. Lunner got strong           The dance group, which has existed Planning to attend this summer's Soyu­
   prime movers behind the city's deci­          Ukrainian support and scored a              for 34 years, is made up of first-, second- zivka workshops are Jim Clem, Andrew
   sion to approve construction of a             lopsided victory over his Democratic        and third-generation Ukrainians rang­ Dick, Stanley Prystacky, Vera Wen-
   monument to Ukrainian poet Taras              opponent by polling 60 percent of the       ing in age from 3 to 31. Its directors, glowskyj and Kathy Wisniski.
   Shevchenko, which was unveiled in                                                         Kathrine Hodivsky and UNA Supreme              Six days later, on Saturday, February
                                                 total vote.
   August 1981. The mayor-elect has                                                          Advisor Taras Maksymowich, have led 19, the dancers performed for the Gold
   also been a member of the Ukrainian              Little wonder, then, that Mayor-         the group since its inception.              Coast Polish-American Society in Ft.
   American National Club, and has               elect Lunner's victory party was held          The annual dinner-dance, which was Lauderdalc. The group did a series of
   often helped out at club social func­         at the Ukrainian American National          held at the Ukrainian American Club traditional dances from the Hutsul region
   tions.                                        Club.                                       here, raised well over SI,500. The of Ukraine, as well as several showcas­
                                                                                             money will be used to send five young ing the group's original choreography.
14                                                                 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY                 SUNDAY. APRIL 17. 1983                                                                         No. 16

                                               Ukrainian National Association
                                                                  MONTHLY REPORTS FOR JANUARY

                      RECORDING DEPARTMENT                                                              Investments:
                                                                                                             Bonds Matured Or Sold                                                 .-.           .117513.94
                                                                                                             Mortgages Repaid                                                                     29,599.06
                                                                                                             Certificate Loand Repaid                                                               9,838.14

                                                  Juv.            Adults         ADD           Totals   Total           „               „                     w                                S56.951.14

TOTAL AS OF DECEMBER 31,1982                ..20.314             55,124        6,764         8Z202      Income Foe January 1983                                                                  S663.840.15


     New members                                         39               97       11            147                             DISBURSEMENTS FOR JANUARY 1983
     Reinstated                                          25               72        3            100
     Transferred in                                       3               11        6             20    Paid To Or For Members:
     Change class in                                      2                3                       5         Cash Surrenders                                                                     .423,84854
     Transferred from Juv. Dept                           -                                                  Endowments Matured                                                                  ...78,00431
                                                                    І з            -               з         Death Benefits                                                                      ...38,250.00
TOTALS GAINS:                                          69           186           20            275          Interest On Death Benefits .                                                                2151
                                                                                                             Payor Death Benefits                                                                        33.13
LOSSES IN JAN. 1983                                                                                          Indigent Benefits Disbursed                                                              1,010.00
                                                                                                             Trust Fund Disbursed                                                                       185І8
     Suspended                                           16                                       76
     Transferred out                                      3                                       20    Total                                        -                                        J141.403.17
     Change of class out                                  5                                        8
     Transferred to adults                                1                                        1    Operating Expenses:
     Died                                                 3                                       93        Real Estate                                                                           .28274.45
     Cash surrender                                      38                                      123        "Svoboda" Operation                                                                   .76,378.11
     Endowment matured                                 - 37                                       68
     Fully paid-up                                       21                                       66    Official Publication - "Svoboda"                                                          .40,000.00
     Reduced paid-up                                      -                                             Organizing Expenses:
     Extended insurance                                   -                                                  Medical Inspections                                                                        51350
     Certterminated                                      -                 1           4            5        Reward To Special Organizers
                                                                                                             Reward`To Branch Secretaries
                                                                                                                                              -                                                  ....1500.00
TOTAL LOSSES:                                         124           306           30            460          Reward To Branch Organizers                                                         .... 1,400 ДО
                                                                                                             Traveling Expenses-Special Organizers                                               ....126355
                                                                                                        Total                                                                                  .586.66128
                                                                                                        Payroll, Insurance And Taxes:
     Paid up                                             21               45                      66        Salaries Or Executive Officers                                                       .410,62458
     Extended insurance                                   7               21       -              28        Salaries Of Office Employees                                                         ...3254638
                                                                                                            Employee Hispitalization Plan Premiums                                                   756437
TOTAL GAINS:            „                               28              66         -              94        lnsurnce- General                                                                        125250
                                                                                                            Taxes-Federal, Stats and City On Employee Wages                                      .. 1553121
LOSSES IN JAN. 1983                                                                                         Tax-Canadian Witholding and Pension Plan
                                                                                                            On Employee Wages                                                                        ..460.79
     Died                                                    2            24                      26
                                                            13            32                      45    Total                                                                                  .568,480.73
     Reinstated                                                            3       -               3
     Lapsed                                                  3             5                       8    General Expenses:
                                                                                                            Books And Periodicals                                                                   ...586.45
TOTAL LOSSES:                                           18              64         -              82        Dues To Fraternal Congresses                                                                 5050
                                                                                                            Furniture And Equipment                                                                  ...60950
TOTAL UNA MEMBERSHIP                                                                                        General Office Maintenance                                                              .2,48759
    AS OF JAN. 31. 1983                               20.269        55.006       6.754        82.029        Operating Expense Of Canadian Office                                                        12550

                                                                                 WALTER SOCHAN          Total                                  -                                                 S4.198.04
                                                                                Supreme Secretary
                                                                                                             Donations                                                                           .415,03050
                                                                                                            Taxes Held in Escrow                                                                    528656

                             FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT                                                       Total                                            -                                    ...S20.316.56

                                                                                                             Stock                                                                                  .2,016.15
                              INCOME FOR JANUARY 1983                                                        Certificate Loans                                                                      .850427

Dues From Members                                                                      S316.075.79      Total                                                                                 -.510.920.42
Income From "Svoboda" Operation                                                          79,758.68
Investment Income:                                                                                      Disbursements For January 1983                                                           5476,632.76
     Bonds                                                                             S125.943.02
     Real Estate                                                                         30,18351
     Mortgage Loans                                                                      22,67959
     Certificate Loans                                                                    1,85427                                                  BALANCE
     Stocks                                                                               2,016.15
     Banks                                                                                2,939.04
                                                                                                         ASSETS                                                                                 LIABILITIES
Total                                                                             1185,615.98                                                                     Fund:
                                                                                                         Cash                               ....5863,68438        Life Insurance               .547,141,443.61
Refunds:                                                                                                 Bonds                              .33,750,196.18
    Taxes-Federal, State S City On Employee Wages                                          513,98353     Stocks                                  609,380.99       Fraternal                         184,61751
    Taxes Canadian - Witholding S Pension Plan    :                                            378.01    Mortgage Loans                     ...2,752554.77
     Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums                                                    61959     Certificate Loans                       788550.74        Orphans                          286,416.6!
     Postage Refd                                                                               2450     Real Estate                             53539758
     Telephone Refd                                                                              9-34    Printing Plant S E.D.P.                                  Old Age Home                      321524.7!
     Insurance Refd                                                                            342.44    Equipment                              218,338.67
                                                                                                         Loan To U.N.U.R.C                  ...8,400,00050        Emergency ....                     87,101.7:
     Edowment Matured                                                                         430.65     Copyrights                               .1200.00
Total                                                  Ц-                              S15.787.86        Total                      .548,020,604.21               Total                      548,020,60421
     Donations To Fraternal Fund                                                            57,150.70
    Transfer to Orphans Fund                                                                 1500.00                                                                                      ULANA DIACHUH
    Sale Of "Ukrainian Encyclopaedia"                                                        1,000.00
Total                                                                                   59,650.70                                                                                        Supreme Treasure)
No. 16                                                               THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY               SUNDAY. APRIL 17, 1983                                                                       15.

                                                                                                                                                       Arizona woodcarver
                                                                                                                                                       profiled in paper
                                                                                                                                                          TUCSON. Ariz. - The Arizona
                                                                                                                                                       Daily Star, one of two local newspapers
                                                                                                                                                       in Tucson, recently featured a half-page
                                                                                                                                                       story on a Ukrainian woodcarver and
                                                                                                                                                       the Ukrainian Catholic parish in
                                                                                                                                                          St. Michael's Parish, while raising
                                                                                                                                                       funds for its own building, is tempora­
                                                                                                                                                       rily holding services at the Latin rite
                                                                                                                                                       church of St. Cyril. In appreciation for
                                                                                                                                                       the use of this facility, Stefan Tkachyk
                                                                                                                                                       presented the pastor of St. Cyril's, the
                                                                                                                                                       Rev. Owen Weitzel, a carved Hutzul
                                                                                                                                                          The beautifully carved cross now
                                                                                                                                                       hangs in the foyer of St. Cyril's Church.
                                                                                                                                                       Next to it a plaque reads: "To the people
                                                                                                                                                       of St. Cyril's in appreciation. Members
                                                                                                        Timothy John Warneck of Edison,                of St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic
                                                                                                        N.J., 6 years old, is the newest member        Church. Carved and donated by Stefan
Crystal Kathleen Dembicky, 13 months,               Alexandra Lynn Sawchuk, the daughter                of Branch 490 in Irvington, N.J., with         Tkachyk."
is the youngest member of UNA Branch                of Alexis and Steven Sawchuk, is one of             an endowment policy to be used for his
399 in Chicago. Her grandfather, Ni­                the newest members of UNA Branch                    college education. He is the grandson of
cholas Dembicky, enrolled young Crys­
tal by buying her an insurance policy.
                                                    422 in Philadelphia. Her grandparents
                                                      are Dr. and Mrs. Steven Sawchuk.
                                                                                                        Walter and Olga Karmazyn of Clark,
                                                                                                                                                                   Join the               UNA

                                                                                                                       EUGENE M. EDYNAK, M.D., P.A.
                                                                                                                             DIPLOMATE. AMERICAN BOARD OF SURGERY
                                                                                                                                       IS PLEASED T ANNOUNCE

                                                                                                                                    the relocation of his office                     i?O j ід/то :
                                                                                                                               FOR THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY T   O
                                                                                                                                      CORAL REEF MEDICAL PARK
                                                                                                                        9275 S.W. 152 Street. Suite 103 a Miami, Florida 33157
                                                                                                                                       Telephone (305) 235-2782
                                                                                                                    office hours by appointment Monday thru Friday. Alternate Saturdays

Eighteen-month-old Adam Markham (left) and his cousin Steven Chownyk, age 2,
are two of the newest members of UNA Branch 94 in Hamtramck, Mich., thanks to
their grandparents, Joseph and Stella Chownyk. Adam is the son of Robert and
Anna Markham, while young Steven is the son of Michael and Diana Chownyk.

               1983 SUMMER PROGRAM
                    at SOYUZIVKA:
     TENNIS CAMP - (Boys and Girls 12-18 years) June 19-30
        Food and lodging S170.00 - UNA members. S180.00 - non-members, tennis fee - 560.00.
     GIRL'S CAMP - (7-12 years) June 18 - July 2
         UNA members - J100.00 per week, non-members - S120.00 per week
     BOYS' CAMP - (7-12 years) July 3 - July 16
         (Same price as Girls' Camp)
     UKRAINIAN CULTURAL COURSES - (Teens 14-18 years) July 17-30
         UNA members - 9220.00. non-members - 5250.00
     DANCE CAMP - July 31 - August 13
     Food and lodging - S195.00 - UNA members. S205.0O - non-members,
     instructors fee - S60.00.
             For applications and more information, please write or call the management of Soyuzivka:

                                SOYUZIVKA UNA Estate
                 Foordemoora Rd. m Kerhonkson. N.Y. 12446 a (914) 626-5641

                                                   Найбільш популярні українські дні року в Ню Йорку!
    Виступи                                                                                                                                                  20,     21, 22
                                                                                                                                                             т        ня
    українських груп
    з 4-ох стейтів
                                                   Український Фестиваль                                                                                        ^!
                                                                                                                                                                1983 р.
                                                                                                                                                                1983 п
    Інформації: (212) 674-1615                      7-ма вулиця і площа Тараса Шевченка, НЮ ЙОРК                                                             Приїдьте до Ню                 Йорку!
16                                                           THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY        SUNDAY, APRIL 17,1983                                                            No. 16

     Sunday, April 17                                                                                                                   through June 26: Lost Architecture
     NEW YORK: The opening of an
                                                            PREVIEW OF EVENTS                                                           of Kiev, continuing; Ukrainian Folk
                                                                                                                                        Costumes, continuing. Museum
     exhibit of paintings and drawings by     Sunday, April 24                              Easter dinner, at 1:30 p.m. in the Holy     hours: Wednesday through Sunday,
     Irene Petrenko-Fedyshyn will be                                                        Trinity Hall on Hughes Street,              1-5 p.m. Admission: SI; members,
     held today at і p.m. The exhibit will    NEW YORK: The armual student                  Swoyersville. Following dinner,            senior citizens and students — 50c;
     run through April 30 at the Gallery of   concert of the Ukrainian Music                dancing music will be provided by          children under 12 - free. In con­
     the Ukrainian Artists Association, 136   Institute of New York is scheduled            The Star Dusters orchestra. Reser­         junction with the exhibition, work­
     Second Ave. Gallery hours are 6-8        for today at 4 p.m. at the Ukrainian          vations must be made no later than         shops in making pysanky will be held
     p.m. on weekdays and 1-8 p.m. on         Institute of America, 2 E. 79th St.           April 20. For further information,         on Saturdays and Sundays for adults
     weekends.                                For more information call (212) 288-          call Martha Soltishick at (717) 28?-
                                                                                            8471.                                      and children (through April 17). For
                                              8660.                                                                                    more information please call (212)
     McKEES ROCKS, Pa.: A spring                                                                                                       228-0110. The Ukrainian Museum is
     fashion carnival sponsored the St.       NEW YORK: A concert of Ukrai­                 Monday, April 25                           located at 203 Second Ave.
     Mary's Ukrainian Orthodox Church         nian dance, titled "The Dancing
     branch of the Senior Ukrainian           Generations," in honor of Roma               CARTERET, N.J.: The senior
     Orthodox League of America will be       Pryma-Bohachevsky will be held               chapter of the Ukrainian Orthodox           ADVANCE NOTICE:
     held today at the Ukrainian hall. The    today at the High School of Fashion          League of St. Demetrius Ukrainian
     event will include a salad luncheon,     Industries, 225 W. 24th St., at 4 p.m.       Orthodox Cathedral will sponsor a           ROME: The Ukrainian Catholic
     fashion show, auction, door prizes       The concert is given by the Нго–             homemade Ukrainian kovbasa sale             University here will sponsor ks 13th
     and a bake sale.                         movytsia Dance Ensemble and U-               today from 3 to 8 p.m. at the St.           summer course, which will take place
                                              krainian School of Dance of Ss.              Demetrius Ukrainian Community               from June 23 through July 24. The
                                              Volodymyr and Olha Ukrainian                 Center, 691 Roosevelt Ave. For more         general theme of this year's studies
      Thursday, April 21                      Catholic Parish from Chicago.                information call Marie Decibus at,          will be "On the Eve of the Millen­
                                                 Tickets are available at Arka and         (201) 541-7233 or Olga Novak at             nium of Christianity in Ukraine."
      DETROIT: The Ukrainian Studies Eko, and at the door the day of the                   (201)969-1375.                              For more information about the
     Seminar Series given by the Slavic concert.                                                                                       course, please write to: Prof. Wasyl
     languages and literatures department                                                                                              Lew, 289 Wilton Road, East Ridge-
     of Wayne State University in co­                                                                                                  field, Conn., 06877 or call (203) 431-
     operation with the Ukrainian Com­ NEWARK, N.J.: The Mothers'Club                       JENKINTOWN, Pa.: A free secre­             3785. For information about scholar­
     munity Committee of Metropolitan of St. John the Baptist Ukrainian                     tarial science and word-processing         ships, contact the St. Sophia Re­
     Detroit Commemorating the 50th Catholic School will be sponsoring a                    seminar will be held at M^nor Junior       ligious Association, 7911 White-
     Anniversary of Genocidal Famine in posthumous exhibit and sale of                      College from 9:30 a.m. to 2:15 p.m.        wood Road, Philadelphia Pa. 19117,
     Ukraine will present a lecture by paintings by Irene Fedenyshyn. The                      Helen A. Coletti, personnel             or call (215) 247-5448.
     Prof. Roman Szporluk, department exhibit will be open from 8:30 a.m. to                manager of Ballard, Spahr, Andrews
     of history at 5 p.m. The lecture, titled 1:30 p.m. at the church hall. There           and Ingersol of Philadelphia will be
     "Contemporary Ukraine in Historical will also be a bake sale, and coffee               the keynote speaker. The seminar           GLEN SPEY, N.Y.: This year's
     Perspectives," will be presented at and refreshments will be available.                will include a slide presentation, a       Sitch Sports School is scheduled
     Manoogian Hall, Room 226, Wayne All proceeds from this sale will go the                tour of the campus and an opportu­         for a four-week period beginning
     State University, Lodge Service St. John the Baptist Ukrainian                         nity for some "hands-on" experience        July 24 and ending August 20, at the
     Drive and Warren Avenue. Parking Catholic School Fund.                                 using the word-processing equip­           Verkhovyna resort of the Ukrainian
     is available next door. Admission is                                                   ment.                                      Fraternal Association. As in the past,
     free, and refreshments will be served.                                                    The campus cafeteria will be open       this year's school will instruct
     The public is cordially invited. For JENKINTOWN, Pa.: An open house                    so that seminar participants, may          youngsters in soccer, volleyball and
     additional information, please call or will be held from 3 to 5 p.m. at                purchase lunch. To register for the        tennis. For more information please
     write to: Olena Liskiwsky, 20751 Manor Junior College, Fox Chase                       free seminar, write to: Manor Junior       write to: Chornomorska Sitch, 680
     Tireman St., Detroit, MicH. 48228, l(bad and Forrest Avenue. The                       College, Fox Chase Road and Forrest        Sanford Ave., Newark, N.J. 07106.
     (313)271-6845.                           public is invited to attend and meet          Avenue in Jenkintown, Pa. 19046, or
                                              with an alumnae panel of graduates            call (215) 885-2216 or 885-2360.              PREVIEW OF EVENTS, a listing
     Saturday, April 23                       who will speak on their work ex­                                                         of Ukrainian community events open
                                              periences and t he value of t he extern-                                                 to the public, is a service provided
     ABINGTON, Pa.: The Ukrainian ships they participated in while attend­                  Sunday, May 15                             free of charge by The Weekly to the
     Savings and Loan Association will ing Manor. Presentations will also be                                                           Ukrainian community. To have an
     hold an informative meeting at 2 given by faculty members. Manor                      EASTPORT, N.Y.: St. Mary's U-               event listed in this column, please
     p.m. at the Ukrainian Educational students will also act as guides for                krainian Orthodox Church will spon­         send information (type of event,
     and Cultural Center at 700 Cedar campus tours. Refreshments will be                   sor a bus trip to the Ukrainian             date, time, place, admission, spon­
     Road. Presentations will be made by served.                                           Orthodox Church Center in South             sor, etc.), along with the phone
     J. Kindrachuk, manager of Ernst and         The Ukrainian Heritage Studies            Bound Brook, N.J., for the 50th             number of a person who may be
      Whinney on the 10-percent with­ Center, which includes a museum of                   anniversary commemoration of the            reached during daytime hours for
     holding tax on savings and M. Ukrainian artifacts and authentic                       Famine in Ukraine and the Providna          additional information, to: PRE­
     Shyprykevich on Pennsylvania costumes, will also be open from 3 to                    Nedilia program. The bus will also          VIEW OF EVENTS, The Ukrainian
     escheat law. The moderator is P. 5 p.m. for visitors.                                 stop at LIE and Wicks Road in               Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey
      Hursky. An open discussion will                                                      Brentwood and LIE and Route 110             City, N J . 07302.
     follow.                                                                               in Melville. Bus leaves Eastport at 6
                                              PHILADELPHIA: The Ukrainian                  a.m. For bus reservations, call
                                                                                                                                          PLEASE NOTE: Preview items
     NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti­ National Women's League of                             (Suffolk County) 727-3325 (Nassau
                                                                                                                                       must be received one week before
     tute of America and the Harvard America has planned a series of inter­                County) 681-3641.
                                                                                                                                       desired date of publication. No
      Ukrainian Research Institute will regional conferences for the spring                                                            information will be taken over the
     present the third Harvard lecture in a and autumn of this year. One of the                                                        phone. Preview items will be publish­
     scries, titled "The Ukrainian Famine organizational and press (publicity)                                                         ed only once (please note desired date
      - 1933," at 7 p.m. This lecture will committees of the regional councils              ONGOING
                                                                                                                                       of publication). All items are publish­
     represent this single most important will take place today at St. Nicholas             NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Mu­                ed at the discretion of the editorial
     program of the Ukrainian Institute Church (24th and Poplar streets).                   seum is presenting an exhibition of        staff and in accordance with available
     for 1983. It will be presented in The conference is planned for the                    pysanky — Ukrainian Easter eggs —          space.
     conjunction with the Ukrainian entire day, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., with the
      Engineers' Society of America. The organizational committee convening
     program will consist of three parts: in the morning and the press
                                               committee in the afternoon.
        о Dr. James E. Mace will update UNWLA members and non-                           Kobzar Chorus, girls' choir
     the HURI study on the artifically members are encouraged to attend.
      imposed famine of 1933, the year of
      Soviet collectivization of farming in
                                                                                         to present unique concert
      Ukraine. Emphasis will be directed BOSTON: St. Andrew Ukrainian                       LOS ANGELES - On Sunday,                   which entertains by singing and using
      to actual experiences in the country­ Orthodox Church Choir will sponsor           April 24, a unique concert will be held at    sign language for the hearing-impaired
     side.                                     a spaghetti dinner at noon at the         the Scottish Rite Auditorium in Los           will join forces with the Kobzar Choir
         " Jurij Stepovij of Chicago church hall, 24 Orchardhill Road,                   Angeles, featuring the Ukrainian Na­          directed by Volodymyr Bozyk. The
     will present his eyewitness experience Jamaica Plain, Mass. Donation: S6            tional Kobzar Chorus and the nationally       young girls have learned a few selec­
      of this major catastrophe.               Choir selections will be rendered for     known American children's choir, "A           tions in Ukrainian and the Kobzar
         " An exhibit of photographs and entertainment.                                  Show of Hands."                               members have learned sign language in
     other documentation detailing the                                                      The concert, slated as a benefit for the   order to complement each other's
     horrors of the famine, will be dis­ EDWARDSVILLE, Pa.: The Wo­                      National Center on Deafness at Cali­          performance.
     played.                                   men's Society of St. Vladimir's           fornia State University, in Northridge,
         The institute isbcated at 2 E. 79th Ukrainian Catholic Church on                is billed as a "Spring is Here " celebra­        The Dzerkalo Ensemble, Yavir U-
     St. For more information call (212) Zerbey Avenue will sponsor its                  tion. It will be sung and signed, mean­       krainian Dance Ensemble and the
     288-8660.                                 annual "Sviachene," the blessed           ing that the Show of Hands choir, which       Ukrainian Spirit Dance Company will
                                                                                         is composed of girls age 9 to 14 and          also perform during the concert.

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