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Published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal non-profit association! ІЛ 1- I 1 < ; (rainian Weekl V zz о і О Г1 ( z > - - о 31 . Vol. LI No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 25 bents Soviet political prisoners tell pope UNA executive officers meet of crackdown on Easter gathering Adopt resolution on community law and order JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Twelve were immediately placed in a camp JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The UNA`s with the representatives of the Ukraii Soviet political prisoners, including prison for 15 days, charged with or Supreme Executive Committee, citing nian Fraternal Association, to support rainians My kola Rudenko, Муго– ganizing an illegal assembly. Mr. Shev the intransigence of the Ukrainian the already planned actions and to !-Marynovych and Oles Shevchenko, chenko was deprived of his annual Liberation Front representatives who propose new actions aimed at realizing ned an open letter to Pope John Paul family visit and held in a punishment act in the name of the Ukrainian in the briefest possible time — and not II in late February in which they cell for 10 days. The others were also Congress Committee of America, un later than by the end of this year - our described the crackdown by labor-camp punished, including Mr. Lubman, a animously decided to support actions unanimous decision of July 22, 1982, officials on an Easter gathering by Jewish convert to Orthodoxy. aimed at realizing "the formation of a which stated: 'With the constant consul inmates last year. "Alas, the days when Mrs. Eleanor representative community organiza tation and full cooperation of all other The letter also warned Western Roosevelt was shown exemplary Soviet tion" that would function in the tradi members of the Committee for Law and leaders to be wiry of Soviet anti-nuclear prisoners reading Bibles and Korans are tion of the pre-13th-Congress UCCA. Order in the UCCA, to continue to rhetoric, and noted that peace marches long gone," the letter said. "In our The supreme officers of the Ukrai make all efforts to fully realize the in the West are "supported vociferously times, prisoners cannot obtain a Bible nian National Association made this formation of a representative commu by Soviet propaganda." even by carrying out hunger strikes decision at their regular meeting on nity organization, which will continue lasting many months, access to a priest Wednesday, April 6, here at the UNA the tradition of the UCCA prior to the In addition to the Ukrainians, the for confession is totally out of the headquarters. They announced their 13th Congress and its predecessors...' " letter was signed by Heinrich Altunian, question, crosses are forcibly removed decision in the form of a resolution, the The regular meeting of the Supreme Vladimir Balakhonov, Norair Grygo- in prisons and during transportation to full text of which appears on page 3. Executive Committee was called to rian, Viktor Nekipelov, Alexander places of confinement, and the carrying Pointing to the absence of willingness order and conducted by Supreme Presi Ogorodnikov, Viktor Nitsoo, Anatanas out of any religiousrites,even prayer, is to compromise and of good will on the dent John O. Flis. In attendance were: Terliatskas, Leonid Lubman and V. forbidden." part of the "Ukrainian Liberation Front Supreme Vice President Myron B. Zosinov. The prisoners also asked the pope to representatives in the UCCA," as well as Kuropas, Supreme Director for Canada All of the men are currently incar intervene with Western peace and anti- to tile condemnation by the Liberation Sen. Paul Yuzyk, Supreme Vice Presi cerated in Camp No. 36, part of the vast nuclear groups by relaying their con Front press of the U.S. Ukrainian dent Gloria Paschen, Supreme Secre penal complex in the city of Perm in the cern that the Soviets are manipulating Catholic hierarchs' appeal to the faith tary Walter Sochan, Supreme Treasurer northern regions of the Russian SFSR. the freeze movement for their own ful and the leaders of Ukrainian com Ulana Diachuk and Supreme Organizer A similar letter, signed by the same purposes. munity organizations, the UNA officers Stefan Hawrysz. prisoners with the exception of Messrs. They also asked the pontiff to convey concluded that: "The continuation of Each officer delivered a report at the Lubman and Zosinov, was sent to their protest to Patriarch Pimen, head this state of affairs is only an un meeting. First to speak was Mrs. Dia President Ronald Reagan. of the officially-sanctioned Russian necessary waste of time that is injurious chuk. Both letters dealt with a 1982 Easter Orthodox Church, and to Metropolitan to our community." incident, when camp guards broke up a Filaret, patriarchal exarch of Ukraine. The officers went on to state in their Supreme treasurer's report holiday supper attended by 14 prisoners. They said that their own appeals to the resolution: "Therefore, we charge our According to the inmates, Messrs. hierarchs have been confiscated by representatives on the Committee for The UNA supreme treasurer began Rudenko, Marynovych and Nekipelov prison officials. Law and Order in the UCCA, along her 1982 report informing the Executive Committee of new investments in bonds, totaling 5693,978.53 and mortgages Pentecostals leave embassy, return to Siberia totaling 5204,000, as well as matured or sold bonds which have reached MOSCOW - Six Soviet Pente allowed to leave the country. Ms. was a relief to the Americans, who have 5261,000. costals who have spent nearlyfiveyears Vashchenko, who returned to Cher- been unable to convince them over the Mrs. Diachuk continued her report, cloistered in the U.S. Embassy here left nogoisk after being released from the years that the U.S. government was stating that the UNA had increased its the compound on April 12 and returned hospital early last year, was allowed to virtually powerless to affect their emi assets by 51,278,565, bringing the total to their hometown in Siberia. apply to emigrate either to West Ger gration. to 547,879,427 in 1982. Net income on A seventh member of the group, many or Israel, a move which appeared The Vashchenkos had managed to investments was 7.6 percent, an increase which includes four members of the to break the impasse. enter the embassy several times before of 0.8 percent over .ast year. Total Vashchenko family along with Maria "We saw Lidia`s departure from the they took sanctuary there, and had income came to 58,425,732, or 7 percent Chmykhalov and her son, was allowed Soviet Union as a good sign for our ended up serving labor-camp terms. In more than in 1981. Interest on invest to emigrate to Israel on April 6. Lidia families," said Liuba Vashchenko, 1978, however, they refused to leave, ments totaled 53,684,536, an increase of Vashchenko, 32, who had lived in the Lidia's sister, as the group was depart and for three months they camped in the 17.5 percent. embassy before being evacuated to a ing the U.S Embassy for a drive to waiting room of the consular section, The UNA collected 52,983,009 in hospital 14 months ago after a lengthy Domodevodo airport outside Moscow. fed by embassy employees. Eventually, membership dues, a decrease of 540,808 hunger strike, arrived in Austria 10 days "We have an invitation from Lidia in two cramped basement rooms were from the previous year. ago. Israel, and we have our hope in God. He found for the seven, where they lived, All expenditures totaled 57,147,167, Ms. Vashchenko's emigration signal never left us and never will leave us." doing odd jobs arourd the embassy. an increase of 5687,858, or 10.6 percent ed a breakthrough in the dramatic The other members of her family, In December 1981, after hunger more than in 1981. If one were to diplomatic stalemate which has dragged parents Petro and Augustina, and sister strikes by other Soviet dissidents seem subtract the general costs of the 1982 on since June 27, 1978, when she, her Lilia, seemed to share her optimism. ed to bring results, Mrs. Vashchenko convention, which was 5354,381, then parents, two sisters and the Chmykhalovs But Timothy Chmykhalov, 20, called and daughter Lidia declared a fast and the ,ncrease in disbursements was 5.1 burst past guards and into the embassy the departure from the embassy "a risk, despite telephone calls from President percent. in a desperate effort to gain assistance in a big risk." Ronald Reagan and former President Payments to members reached their bid to leave the Soviet Union. A "The main thing I want to tell you," Jimmy Carter vowed to carry on until 52,833,547, close to 5110,000 more than brother was caught, beaten and dragged he told reporters, "is that people should their families could emigrate. in 1981. Payments on certificates in off before he reached the embassy. not forget us now." After 34 days, the embassy decided creased by over 550,000, cash surrenders The Soviets had maintained that they American embassy officials declined that Lidia needed hospitalization, and by approximately 529,000 and death would consider the group's request only comment on what role they might have she was rushed to a Moscow hospital. benefits by 517,000. after they returned to Chernogorsk, played in facilitating either Lidia`s After recovery, she was allowed to The organizing department expenses their hometown. The Pentecostals, emigration or the departure of her return to Chernogorsk to take charge of rose by 520,000 in 1982 with payments citing continued government persecu family. her younger brothers and sisters. In all, totaling 5487,969. tion of their faith, refused to leave There seemed little doubt, however, there are 21 Vashchenkos, most of Salaries, taxes and insurance cost the without a guarantee that they would be that the departure of the Pentecostals (Continued on page 3) (Continue' on page 5) 2 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 : No. 16 Dissident profile Solzhenitsyn fund administrator is taken into KGB custody Yaroslav Lesiv: MOSCOW - Sergei Khodorovich, The fund, officially called the Russian Social Fund, has come under intense who administered exiled Soviet writer's framed on drug charge Alexander Solzhenitsyn's dissident aid fund here, has been detained by the government pressure over the past year. Valery Repin, a fund worker from KGB, dissident sources said on April 9. Leningrad, was arrested in early 1982 JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Yaroslav and charged with "anti-Soviet agitation According to Reuters, Mr. Khodoro Lesiv, now 40, is currently in the and propaganda." vich was taken into custody by the second year of a five-year labor- Last month, Mr. Repin, 32, recanted security police on April 7 after a two- camp term. The former physical his activities on a Leningrad TV broad hour search of his apartment, the education teacher and member of the cast, indicating that he was manipu sources said. No charges have been Ukrainian Helsinki Group is part of lated by U.S. intelligence agencies. It made public. a group of former political prisoners could not be confirmed whether Mr. and dissidents recently charged and The 42-year-old computer program mer has been involved with the fund, Repin was coerced into making his sentenced for fabricated criminal confession. rather than overtly political offenses. designed to help the families of impri This practice, devised while current soned dissidents, since it was set up Over the last year, Mr. Khodorovich's Soviet leader Yuri Andropov was from the royalties from Mr. Solzhe apartment had been searched three head of the KGB, was instituted by nitsyn's "Gulag Archipelago," a 1974 times by the KGB, which confiscated the Soviets in an attempt to legitimize book about Soviet labor camps. papers and documents regarding the their claim that political deviationists fund's activities. The confiscations Mr. Khodorovich took over the severely hampered the preparation of are, at bottom, criminals. ' .." administration of the fund in 1977 after the fund's financial report, dissident A long-time Ukrainianactivistand others involved were arrested or emi sources said. Yaroslav Lesiv , advocate of Ukrainian independence, grated. Mr. Lesiv joined the Helsinki Group After news of the searches at Mr. then head of the Communist Party of Khodorovich's home reached Mr. Sol in September 1979. One month later, the Ukrainian SSR, demanding Soviet authorities framed him on a zhenitsyn early last year, he remarked; Ukrainian independence. "That is what presents a threat to the phony narcotics charge. Summoned for an X-ray examina By 1967, however, the arm of official repression came down on the Solidarity leader Communists — help given to children. A rocket power has discovered its tion in the town of Bolekhiv in the Ivano-Frankivske region, Mr. Lesiv group. Nine men were arrested for their connection with the group, stands trial enemies." was ordered to leave his clothes in an including Messrs. Lesiv and Krasiv- adj'eirring rodm Later during a WARSAW - A Solidarity leader sky, who were sentenced, respective who was active in emigre circles before sud"cren police' raid" art his home ly, to six and five years' imprison agents discovered two tablets and a ment. In addition, both were sen returning to Poland two years ago went before a military court in the city of Rights activists tobacco-like substance in the lining tenced to five years' internal exile,-a Bydgoszcz on April 11, charged with of the jacket he had worn to the examination. form of enforced residence. The other men arrested were: trying to overthrow the Communist are sentenced regime. Although he denied any know Dmytro Kvestko, 30, an organizer of MOSCOW - Three Soviet human- ledge of the uncovered substance, the group, who was sentenced to five The trial of the former emigre, Ed rights activists have been sentenced this Mr. Lesiv was arrested and charged years in a labor camp, five in prison mund Baluka, who had lived abroad for month for "anti-Soviet agitation and with "narcotics possession" under and five in internal exile; Vasyl Diak, nearly a decade, is one of several trials propaganda," according to Western Article 229 of the Ukrainian Criminal two years in a labor camp,,five years of Solidarity members now under way, wire services. -, Code. in' prison' an'd'frve internal exile';'tvari r^drWd-Tfie'New^Y'Otk-Tirfres. -' In Moscow, literary critic Zoya Hubka, an economist, six years' .'iMt.J'BaJuka'wasuicUve in the.4970 Krakhmalnikova, 52, editor of the ''"-After 'sfcrtWg' ni^se`nWrfce in the worker protests that were suppressed Rivne region, Mr. Lesiv was due to labor camp andfiveyears'exile. Also Russian Orthodox samizdat anthology drawing 11-year labor-camp and but that led to the ouster of Wladyslaw "Hope," was sentenced on April 1 to be released in November 1981. In Gomulka, then the Polish leader. stead, he was arrested again on still exile terms were Mykola Kachur, one year in prison and five years' unknown charges that May, and Vasyl Kulynyn, Myron Melen and He returned in April 1981, after the internal exile. sentenced to an additional five years' Hryhoriy Prokopovych. rise of the Solidarity free trade union. Ms. Krakhmalnikova, who was fired imprisonment. He is currently serving The authorities tried to arrest him, but from her university teaching post in After completing his term, Mr. his term in the Voroshylovhrad workers gave him sanctuary in the 1974 and had been editor of the un Lesiv returned to Ukraine. His eye oblast. Szczecin shipyard. He was arrested official journal for six years, was sight, which was always poor, had after the imposition of martial law in arrested last August 6. Yaroslav Vasylovych Lesiv was deteriorated to the point that he was December 1981. In Leningrad, Rostyslav Evdokimov. born -Oh January 3,-1943, in the hearly blind. But his freedom was rlvairo`-Ffankivske Tegion of Ukraine. short-lived. After joining the Ukrai Last February, the Socialist bloc of 33, and Vyacheslav Dolinin, 37, both As a young man, he befriended nian Helsinki Group, formed in 1976 the European Parliament called for his affiliated with the Russian National several Ukrainian activists, notably to monitor Soviet compliance with the release after reports that he was on a Labor Alliance (NTS) and the unofficial Zinoviy Krasivsky, a poet and philo human-rights provisions of the 1975 hunger strike. He was formally charged, labor union known as SMOT, were logist. Helsinki Final Act, Mr. Lesiv be the official press said, with advocating sentenced on April 5. came the object of official harass the overthow of the Communist system, In 1964, Mr. Lesiv, then 21, joined ment, which culminated in his nar the removal of Soviet troops from These three trials are seen as part of Mr. Krasivsky and six other leading cotics arrest. Poland and Poland's withdrawal from an ongoing Soviet campaign against activists in the region in forming the the Warsaw Pact, the Soviet bloc's individuals who express independent Ukrainian National Front, a na Mr. Lesiv is married to Stefania military alliance. views and, more particularly, the un tionalist group which called for the Fedorivna. The couple has two liberation of Ukraine from Soviet children. In 1976, while Mr. Lesiv In all, 21 other Solidarity activists are official labor movement, which has rule. was in exile, his son Taras was born. currently on trial here in the Polish come under increased attack since the Between 1965 and 1967, the group Although he is due to be released in capital, and another 200 are reportedly formation of the now-outlawed Solida issued a monthly journal, Batkivsh- 1986, Mr. Lesiv may yet end up under investigation. rity free trade union in Poland in 1980. chyna і Svoboda (Fatherland and staying behind bars, particularly in Freedom), in which they publicized light of his re-arrest while in prison in their program. Members also published 1981 just prior to the scheduled their literary works in an anthology, expiration of his term. "Mesnyk" ("Avenger"). The Front also submitted a memo randum to the 23rd Communist It is also known that Mr. Lesiv has been in extremely poor health for quite some time with heart trouble, Ukrainian WeeklV Party Congress and to Petro Shelest, diabetes and severe myopia. FOUNDED 1933 Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal non-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, NJ. 07302. Jehovah's Witnesses tried . Л . (The Ukrainian W e e k l y - U S P S 570-870) Also published by the UNA; .Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper. FRAMINGHAM, Mass. - Five stine Jehovah's Witnesses." The trial Jehovah's Witnesses were each sen took place in the town of Thorez in the T h e Weekly and Svoboda: UNA: tenced early this year in Ukraine to five- Donetske region of Ukraine. " 1201)434-0237,434-0807 (201) 451-2200 year labor-camp terms for "infringe (212)227-4125 (212) 227-5250 ment of the person and the rights of The men, who pleaded innocent, were Yearly subscription rate: 5 8 , UNA members - 55. citizens under the guise of carrying out all charged under Article 209 of the religious rituals." Ukrainian Criminal Code, which makes Postmaster, send address changes to: According to Keston News, the five it a crime for Churches not registered THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Editor. Roma Sochan Hadzewycz with the government to openly espouse P.O. Box 346 Associate editor Georgo Bohdan Zarycky — V. Shagay, I. Starovoyt, M. lvanov, Jersey City, NJ. 07303 their beliefs. Each man drew the Assistant editor Maria Kotomayets A. Vishkovsky and B. Chislov - were accused of "being leaders of the clande maximum sentence for the offense. No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 3 Press review Resolution on community law and order Why pope angers Kremlin of the UNA Supreme Executive Committee NEW YORK - The Soviets may obvious target of the Soviet drive to We, the members of the Supreme Executive Committee of the Ukrainian have been involved in the attempt to extirpate Ukrainian nationalism and National Association, gathered at our regular meeting on Wednesday, April assassinate Pope John Paul II not was the only Church in the Soviet 6, 1983, and having heard the reports of Supreme President John O. Flis, our only because of his outspoken Union to be outlawed outright." representative on the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA, and support of Solidarity in his native Supreme Treasurer Ulana Diachuk, our representative on the National Poland, but also because of the Mr. Alexiev added that the plight Committee to Commemorate Genocide Victims in Ukraine 1932-33, assert positive impact his papacy has had of Ukrainian Catholics, who he said the following: on the Catholic Church in Eastern have been persecuted and victimized 1. AH attempts to date of the Committee for Law and Order to bring Europe. like no other Church in the Soviet about this law and order — after it was violated during the preparatory stages According to Alex Alexiev, an Union, has been compounded by and at the 13th Congress of Ukrainians in America by the representatives of analyst of Soviet and East European "the seeming lack of interest on the one ideological-political group known under the name "Ukrainian Liberation affairs with the Rand Corp., Pope part of John Paul H's predecessors, Front" - have not been successful. The representatives of the Ukrainian John Paul II has had a revitalizing who appeared to have abandoned Liberation Front, who act in the name" of the UCCA, showed not only no effect on the Church in Soviet-bloc them in the interest of good relations signs of willingness to compromise but no expressions whatsoever of good countries because of his staunch with Moscow." will. Such an absence of compromise and good will on the part of Ukrainian opposition to Communist totalita- As examples of Pope John Paul Liberation Front representatives in the UCCA has been confirmed also in the rianism and a record of standing up H's commitment to the Church, Mr. attempts of the aforementioned national committee to honor the memory of to Communist regimes, particularly Alexiev cited the first synod of the victims of the Great Famine. in Poland, where he was closely tied Uniate bishops, convoked by the pontiff in the spring of 1980, and a 2. With great regret and concern we assert that even the well-known and with Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski. hopeful "Appeal of the hierarchs of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the recent synod called in February. Mr. Alexiev made his observations United States to the faithful and especially to the leaders of all organizations" in an article published in the March "Despite particularly brutal KGB (September 8, 1982), with its call for an end to the crisis and for peace in the 30 issue of the Wall Street Journal. suppression, an underground church spirit of Christian virtue and national interest - an appeal which was In Czechoslovakia, for example, with as many as 500 priests and three supported by the official press organ of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the Catholic Church is experiencing bishops is reported to be flourishing the U.S.A., which Patriarch Josyf of the "Pomisna" (Particular) Ukrainian what Mr. Alexiev described as a in the Ukraine," Mr. Alexiev report- Catholic Church supported in his letters, and which all our institutions and "remarkable revival," which includes ed. organizations welcomed with gratitude and new hope — was not welcomed widespread underground religious He also noted the formation in by Liberation Front representatives. This historic appeal and its authors — life and tens of thousands of partici- Ukraine last year of the Initiative our hierarchs —"were condemned by the Liberation Front in its press. pants and a clandestine press. Group for the Defense of the Rights 3. The continuation of this state of affairs is only an unnecessary waste of of the Church, which boldly petition- time that is injurious to our community, and its development and great goals. "The pope has been accused by the ed the government to reopen Uniate Therefore, we instruct our representatives on the Committee for Law and authorities of actively encouraging churches and monasteries. Order in the UCCA, along with the representatives of the Ukrainian these illegal activities even to the Fraternal Association, to support the already planned actions and to propose point of consecrating three secret In addition to his influence with necessary new actions aimed at realizing in the briefest possible time — and bishops for the underground church," Catholic Churches, the pope has also not later than by the end of this year — our unanimous decision of July 22, wrote Mr. Alexiev. "In a bold effort forged links with other East Euro- 1982, which stated: "With the constant consultation and full cooperation of to help the Church regain some pean Churches, most notably the all other members of the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA, to control over its affairs, the Vatican Orthodox denominations. continue to make all efforts to fully realize the formation of a representative issued a decree in March of 1982 The effectiveness of the pope's community organization, which will continue the tradition of the UCCA prohibiting any political activities by efforts on behalf of Eastern Churches prior to the 13th Congress and its predecessors..." priests, which was seen by many as a can be measured by the vitriol of the direct attack on pro-regime Catholic attacks on him in the Soviet and Supreme Executive Committee organizations through which the Soviet-bloc media. Before his trip to of the Ukrainian National Association authorities often controlled the Poland, for example, the pope was Jersey City, N J., April 6, 1983 Church." largely ignored in the Soviet press. j In Lithuania, a homogehously But this approach was abruptly Catholic Soviet republic, the Church abandoned after his trip, and was has been experiencing a dramatic replaced by a strident campaign to Wall Street Journal: continue Madrid revival since the early 1970s, and has paint him as an anti-socialist agent of NEW YORK - The Wall Street "The Helsinki Final Act has been emerged as the most militant Church the West. Journal, in a recent editorial, called for contemptibly treated, but it was not a in the Soviet Union. a continuation of the stalemated contemptible document," the editorial Madrid Conference on human rights went on. "Its standards of human rights "Simultaneously, a campaign of Within weeks of the pope's elec- physical intimidation, assaults on and security in Europe, which has been were far more coherent than the de- tion, Lithuanian priests organized a priests and desecration, looting and in session for over two and a half years. based slogans now circulating in inter- Catholic Committee for the Defense burning of churches has taken place," The conference, which was convened national rhetoric." of Believers' Rights, to assist the according to Mr. Alexiev. "Most to review compliance with the 1975 hierarchy in publicizing and resisting ominously, three activist priests (in Helsinki Accords, has been deadlocked "Better to let the Madrid stalemate the violation of the constitutional Lithuania) have been murdered, as a result of East-West haggling over endure, no matter how sick of it we rights of believers. such issues as human rights and dis- might be," the editorial said. following vicious media attacks armament. The last session recessed on According to Mr. Alexiev, Pope against them, in circumstances which March 25 with both sides still far apart John Paul II has firmly, if quietly, suggest KGB involvement." on the format and content of a conclud- supported the Lithuanian struggle. In Mr. Alexiev's view, Mr. An- ing document. Pentecostals leave... He has, for example, refused to Commenting on the possibility that a (Continued from page 1) appoint regime-approved church dropov's rise to power has thus far compromise may be reached involving whom live in Chernogorsk. officials, considered collaborators by signaled greater repression against the possible release of Soviet dissident While in Siberia, Lidia became the most believers. It is also widely the Catholic Church, highlighted by Anatoly Shcharansky in exchange for a target of intense government harass- rumored that in 1979 the pope the arrests of the Rev. Svarinskas, a softening of Western demands, the ment. There were reports that she and bestowed the cardinal's hat in pectore founding member of the Lithuanian Journal said that such a move would her family were beaten by unknown to Bishop Stepanovicius, a man believers' committee, and Yosyp "shunt aside the reason there's a Madrid assailants on several occasions. In July recognized by most Lithuanians as Terelia, head of the Ukrainian initia- stalemate to begin with." of last year, she, her mother, sister and a the head of their Church, even though tive group. cousin declared another hunger strike he has lived in internal exile for over The newspaper noted that since the In his conclusion, Mr. Alexiev signing of the original agreement eight to press their demands. The fast coin- 20 years because of his opposition to noted that as a long as the pope cided with the fourth anniversary of the regime's policies. years ago, Soviet violations of human maintains an active interest in the rights have grown worse, and it cited as their stay in the embassy. Church behind the Iron Curtain, he examples the arrests of members of the Last month, the authorities told Lidia "No less troublesome for the will be perceived as an extremely Kremlin," wrote Mr. Alexiev, "has dangerous threat by the Kremlin. so-called Helsinki groups, organiza- to apply for emigration to either Ger- been Pope John Paul H's perceived tions set up by private citizens to many or Israel even though she was not impact on the Ukrainian Catholic Wrote the author: monitor Soviet compliance with the Jewish or German. She chose Church of the Eastern Rite." "It should come as no surprise then accords. Israel, and was granted a visa. that the Kremlin's attitudes toward "From a strictly human viewpoint, Despite Lidia`s departure, there have Said Mr. Alexiev of the Church: the pope some four years after his it's hard to fault the swap of the Madrid been no guarantees by the Soviets that "The Uniate Church, as it is also election and close to two years after talks for Mr. Shcharansky," said the the rest of the Pentecostals will follow known, has for centuries command- the attempt on his life continue to be Journal, "but the principle is bother- in her footsteps and be permitted to leave. ed the allegiance of the people in unremittingly hostile and increasing- some." It said that Mr. Shcharansky is The Pentecostal denomination, a funda- western Ukraine, which was incor- ly confrontational. For Moscow, "only the most publicized of the 16 or mentalist Protestant sect, is not offi- porated into the Soviet Union John Paul II was and continues to be more incarcerated members of the cially sanctioned in the USSR. The following the Nazi-Soviet pact in much more than a narrow Polish Moscow Helsinki Group, not to men- Soviets have maintained that the sect's 1939. As a result, it became an problem. tion similar groups in Armenia, Soviet religious practices violate the country's Georgia, Lithuania and the Ukraine." laws. THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 No. 16 Harvard University announces UNWLA appeals for aid Ukrainian summer session for crippled boy, 2Vi CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - On June latter course will examine issues in the 27, the 13th consecutive session of the religious and cultural history of Ukraine JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The U- Harvard Ukrainian Summer Institute from the 9th to the 18th centuries. krainian National Women's League will begin. The Ukrainian Summer In addition to these five courses, the of America recently received a letter Institute is an eight-week intensive Harvard Ukrainian Summer Institute from a mother in Poland seeking aid academic and extracurricular program will also offer a new interdisciplinary for her two-and-a-half-year-old son, organized jointly by the Harvard course titled "Readings in Ukrainian Rostyk, whose left hand has been Summer School, the nation's oldest Culture." The course, which has been crippled as a result of an accident. summer program, and the Ukrainian designed by Oleh Ilnytzkyj, a lecturer at Rostyk's palm is immobilized; two Research Institute at Harvard Univer- the University of Manitoba, will present fingers are missing. To correct the sity. an analysis of literary and cultural texts handicap, plastic surgery is necessary. This year's session will feature six plus other cultural documents from the However, the operation cannot be accredited university courses in Ukrai- 19th and early 20th century. done in Poland. „ nian studies: two language courses, Although the focus will be primarily three history courses and a new inter- on literature, the course will also draw The UNWLA social service and disciplinary course in Ukrainian civili- on texts from history and language, public relations committees have zation. examining their historical and intellec- undertaken Rostyk's case. They have The la.nguage courses will include tual background. Among the topics to made contact with doctors who all "Beginning Ukrainian" and "Inter- be covered: Romanticism and the agree that the operation is not only mediate Ukrainian," taught by Darya language question; Shevchenko's im- possible in the United States, but Bilyk and Roman Koropeckyj, respec- pact on Ukrainian literature; populists essential if Rostyk is to regain use of tively. Both Ms. Bilyk and Mr. Koro- versus modernists; the politics of cul- his left hand. At present, the members peckyj are doctoral candidates in the ture in the 1920s, and the avant-garde of the committees are looking for an department of Slavic languages and and its attitude towards Ukrainian orthopedic surgeon and a hospital literatures at Harvard University. tradition. The lectures and discussion which would offer services at dis- The offerings in history will include a will be conducted in English, the read- counted rates. survey course of 19th and 20th century ings will be in Ukrainian. A good reading knowledge of Ukrainian is Even if surgery could be performed Ukrainian history taught by Yury at a relatively low cost, the women's Boshyk, an assistant professor at the required. organization piust extend a formal University of Toronto; a course on "The As in previous summers, regular invitation to the mother and her son, Ukrainian National Movement on the university instruction in Ukrainian and provide money for travel and Evoof Revolution and Civil War f881r studies will be supplemented with a living expenses in the United States. 1917" also to be taught by Mr. Boshyk; cajendar of cultural activities. Included The UNWLA is appealing for and a third course titled "Topics in among these are guest lectures, exhibits contributions for Rostyk. Please Ukrainian Religious History," to be and films on Ukrainian society and send checks, marked for the aid of taught by Prof. Miroslav Labunka of culture. Rostyk, to the UNWLA Social Ser- La Salle College in Philadelphia. The Applicants should be in good stand- vice Committee, 108 Second Ave., ing in their college degree programs. New York. N.Y. 10003. Rostyk Those who are not enrolled in an academic program must be secondary Fire destroys Plast's school graduates, and are required to submit statements of their interest in' camp in Australia Ukrainian studies. All applicants arc required to enroli for eight units of credit transferable to most university MELBOURNE, Australia - The degree programs. winds, excessive heat and drought which caused many fires throughout Tuition costs for an eight-credit Australia in the month of February program are usually SI, 100. Tuition- raged also through the Plast camp- free scholarships are available to indivi- grounds near Melbourne. duals who are already members of the Within a few hours, the 24 years of Friends of the Harvard Ukrainian (Continued on page 5) work that members of the Plast, Ukrai- nian Youth .Organization had devoted to the Sokil camp site here in Victoria, went up in flames. Winnipeg residents The new building (built in 1980) for camp commanders, as well as storage defend Shukhevych A photo of Rostyk's hands shows his crippled left hand. buildings, the first aid station, lodging for kitchen help, three bathroom-and- WINNIPEG - On the occasion of shower facilities were destroyed. All Yuriy Shukhevych's 49th birthday, that was left of the main section of the about 150 candle-carrying people kitchen was the stone-step entrance. gathered at the foot of the steps of the UVAN in Canada meets, It was reported that damage was done Winnipeg legislature and call for an end to all the water pipes and telephone to Soviet oppression, reported The wires. The fire charred all the oak, pine Winnipeg Sun. elects new executive board and ash trees planted by Plast members Carrying banners in the Ukrainian, WINNIPEG — The new executive away in 1981. They also greeted, by during their first years on the camp- English and French languages, the board of the Ukrainian Academy of telegram, Patriarch Josyf Slipyj, an grounds. demonstrators came to support a re- Arts and Sciences (UVAN) in Canada honorary member of the Academy, on According to reports from Mel- solution calling the federal government was elected at a general meeting held the occasion of the 20th anniversary of bourne, two Plast members entered the to intervene on behalf of Soviet political here on March 27. his liberation from the Soviet concen- grounds a few days after the fire; the prisoner Yuriy Shukhevych, whose only tration camps, where he was incarcerated wooden bridge entrance had been crime is that he refuses to renounce his The new officers, who will serve a three-year term, are: Dr. M. Marun- for 18 years. destroyed, but they were able to reach late father, Roman Shukhevych, com- the main section of Sokil via a detour. mander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Insur- chak, president; Dr. A. Baran, past- In 1982 the academy published a very When they did reach the grounds, they gent Army. president; Dr. I. Lubynsky, vice-presi- extensive history "The Ukrainian Cana- noticed that many of the trees were still Mr. Shukhevych, one of the most dent; Dr. I. Tarnawecky, vice-president; dians: A History" (970 pages), which is smoldering. Around the pool area they prominent Ukrainian dissidents, turned A. Kachor, secretary-treasurer. the fullest and most complete source of discovered many dead animals, and 49 on March 28. It has been reported information about Ukrainians in Cana- injured kangaroos hobbled around the that he has gone blind and is seriously ill Also elected to serve as members of da. It encompasses the history of the grounds. Some of the kangaroos were in a Soviet prison. First incarcerated at the board are: Prof. O. Gerus, Dr. B. settlement of Ukrainians in Canada saved and transported to a local animal the age of 14, Mr. Shukhevych has spent Bilash, J.S. Muchin, Prof. P. Potichnyj from 1891 to 1981. shelter. over 30 years in prisons. (Hamilton), Prof. V. Revutsky (Van- couver). Members of the organization arrived The Winnipeg rally featured mem- A number of research projects were at the site the following weekend to view bers of the Ukrainian Canadian Com- The auditing board members are: discussed at this general meeting, the damages and begin picking up the mittee, Manitoba politicians and reli- Prof. M. Tarnawecky, Dr. J. Barwin- including a collection of essays, titled pieces. The Plast members, their parents gious leaders. Agriculture Minister Bill sky and A. Gospodyn. "New Soils, Old Roots: The Ukrainian and friends have decided to rebuild their Uruski, who represented Premier Ho- Experience in Canada," a biographical beloved summer campground. How- ward Pawley, and Opposition Leader During the meeting the members dictionary to the Ukrainian Canadian ever, they have requested financial Sterling Lyon both spoke of the freedom honored the memory of the late Dr. history. Both projects commemorate assistance from Plast members in the that Canadians enjoy as a fundamental George Lubinsky, professor of the the 90th anniversary of Ukrainian United States and Canada. right of all human beings. University of Manitoba, who passed settlement in Canada. ' ' No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. APRIL 17. 1983 5 UNA executive... On consultation with the UNA's actuaries, tables were adopted effective (Continuedfrompage I) January 1, with new limitations of ages UNA district committee meets UNA 5759,906; this is 8 percent more and amounts of insurance for non- than in 1981. medical insurance. These new limita- In addition to Mrs. Moroz,committee General office expenses fell by 514,370, tions enable applicants up to age 40, to Montreal officers elected were Osyp Vynnytsky, totaling 5133,075. Donations totaled apply for as much as 550,000 insurance vice chairman; Mr. Harmatiuk, secre- almost 554,000, over 548,650 of scholar- without a medical exam; to age 45 — up MONTREAL - Tekla Moroz was tary; Pavlo Dubas, organizing chair- ships were awarded, and 549,200 was to 525,000 insurance; to age 50 — up to re-elected chairman of the Montreal man; Oleksandra Dolnycky and spent on publishing. S 10,000: to age 55 - up to 55,000; to age UNA District Committee during its Mykhailo Didukh, representatives to Income from the Svoboda Press for 60 - up to 53,000; to age 65 - up to annual meeting held here at Plast the Ukrainian Canadian Committee; thefirsttime exceeded a million dollars, SI, 000. Copies of these new non-medical headquarters on March 7. and Vera Banit. Mykhailo Karpynsky, yielding a total of 51,122,140, Mrs. limitations and instructions were Evhen Lesiuk and Mykola Perejma. Diachuk reported. supplied to all secretaries and or- Representatives of seven of the dis- members. Svoboda Press expenses were ganizers, Mr. Sochan said. trict's eight branches attended the 51,125,581, which is 5205,914 more In October of 1982, reminders were meeting. Seven of the district's branches Mr. Harmatiuk replaces long-time than in the previous year. Postage costs, sent to all secretaries who had failed to are located in Quebec and one in secretary Osyp Diachyshyn, who did as expected, increased by 11.3 percent. submit a list of their 1982 branch Ontario. not seek re-election because of poor The total cost was 5157,000, or 521,359 officers, while in December new forms health. The representatives gave special were mailed for reporting the 1983 Also at the meeting was Sen. Paul thanks to Mr. Diachyshyn for his more than in 1981. Yuzyk, the UNA's supreme director for The number of Svoboda subscribers officers. Judging from the 1983 listings dedicated service. received, a great many branches have Canada. The meeting was chaired by decreased by 819, bringing the 1982 Mrs. Moroz. who is also a UNA su- Meeting participants also bid fare- total down to 13,306. The number of not yet held their annual meetings. preme advisor, and the secretary was well to Bronyslava Melnyk, a long-time subscribers of The Ukrainian Weekly The Recording Department, in co- Myroslav Harmatiuk of Branch 475. area UNA activist who is moving to increased by 198, bringing the total up operation with the UNA's actuaries, is Toronto. Twenty-seven years ago, Mrs. to 5,818; 3,879 Weekly readers are UN A continuing to supply the various in- After a moment of silence for the 20 Melnyk, along with her late husband members, 1,939 are not. surance departments of states where the district members who died over the Bohdan, organized Branch 434 in their Veselka Magazine subscribers totaled UNA does business with copies of year, Sen. Yuzyk discussed both posi- home. Today, it is the largest branch in 1,005; in 1981 the readership was 1,028. new forms of insurance certificates, tive and negative aspects of UNA the Montreal district. The publication of the 1983 Almanac printed according to the new "readabi- activities in Canada. cost over 516,239 and these costs have lity" requirements. The meeting also elected an auditing already been paid. Income from the The supreme secretary reported on On the good side, Sen. Yuzyk said committee made up of Mykola An- almanac totals 55,580: 53,591 was the consultations held by members of that this year the UNA will have esta- drukhiv, Petro K,iryk and Adolph received for the press fund, 51,713 was the Supreme Executive Committee with blished its directorate and bureau in Hladylovych, who is also the press payment for ads. experts in the field of life insurance, Canada. On the downside, he said that liaison. It was also decided to celebrate Income at Soyuzivka was 5546,850, a regarding revision of life insurance rates membership in Canada is declining, the the 90th anniversary of Svoboda, the decrease of 523,007 over 1981. Expen- and withdrawal equities on present amount of insurance in force is shrink- UNA's Ukrainian-language daily, some- ditures were 5570,716, a 510,000 in- UNA certificates, and the development ing and only one-third of the 64 UNA time this fall. crease. of new classes of insurance, as well as branches in the country are currently Over 526,000 was spent on main- the introduction of new riders to basic active. After the meeting was adjourned, tenance of Soyuzivka and 521,838 was life insurance certificates. refreshments were served. spent on new equipment. Many ex- He also reported on meetings of the Sen. Yuzyk noted that the establish- penses were transferred over to the 1983 executive officers with representatives ment of the UNA Directorate for of various firms who sell or lease Canada should help alleviate these fiscal year. computers, or provide computer service. problems. After his address, the sena- Amb ridge bowlers The supreme treasurer also noted that the Ukrainian National Urban The purpose of these meetings and visits tor fielded questions about UNA Renewal Corporation had income of is to modernize the office systems of the matters.. to send teams 52,129,282; this is an increase of 5156,813 UNA and to adapt them to present-day: requirements. Such further automation In her report, Mrs. Moroz also dis- to UNA tourney over 1981. The corporation received cussed membership, noting that al- rent payments of 52,056,076. Expendi- of the work of the Home Office will enable the UNA to provide better though the district's annual quota was ROCHESTER, N.Y. - UNA tures on the buildingwere52,344,742 - high, it nevertheless managed to meet it insurance service for members and will Branch 161 of Ambridge, Pa., will over 5222,654 more than in 1981. The by 76.2 percent, gaining the district first offer more expert service and assistance send 35 bowlers to the 17th UNA corporation paid the Ukrainian Na- place in Canada. to secretaries and organizers in the field. National Bowling Tournament which tional Association 5 percent of its loan, The supreme treasurer also added her will be held here on May 28 and 29. totaling 58,400,000. observations regarding these matters. A chartered bus carrying the bowlers and 10 guests is scheduled to Supreme secretary's report Harvard... leave Ambridge for Rochester on Supreme organizer's report (Continued from page 4) Friday, May 27, at 11:30 p.m. The In 1982, UNA secretaries, conven- bowlers are expected to arrive at the tion delegates and organizers together Research Institute (a non-profit organi- zation) or those who join by making a Holiday Inn-Genesse Plaza at 7 a.m., obtained 2,483 new members insured The supreme organizer reported on 5200 contribution. and take part in singles and doubles for 56,017,500, reported Mr. Sochan. the organizing efforts in 1982, a conven- In order to receive a catalogue and play that afternoon. Team events are This total included 736 juveniles (less tion year. The year brought in 2,483 new application, contact: Harvard Summer scheduled for Sunday. than one-third of all new members), members, insured for 56,017,000. School, Department Ul, 20 Garden St., The Ambridge contingent will 1,506 adults and 241 members insured Of the 398 convention delegates, 253 Cambridge, Mass. 02138; telephone consist of five men's teams and two under ADD certificates. brought in 1,751 new members; 146 (617)495-2921. For further information women's squads. In the past three months of 1983, 548 delegates did not organize any new members. Twenty-one of the 26 mem- regarding scholarships, write to: Ukrai- The tournament organizing com- new members were enrolled. During mittee is awaiting replies from other the special campaign announced on bers of the Supreme Executive Commit- nian Summer Institute, 1583 Massachu- tee organized 345 new members. Newly setts Ave., Cambridge, Mass. 02138; UNA branches. The registration October 1, 1982. and extending to deadline is May 1. March 31, 550 members took advantage elected Supreme Advisor William telephone (617) 495-4053. Early appli- of the special offer to double their Pastuszek organized 51 new members. cation is advised. insurance. Among district committees, the Buffalo The supreme secretary went on to say and Woonsocket, R.I., committees that the number of losses during 1982 fulfilled their quota by 132 percent; the Obituary were as anticipated, except for an Baltimore and Boston committees increase in cash surrenders (1,257) fulfilled theirs by 112 percent. The most occasioned mainly by the poor econo- mic situation (unemployment in in- new members were recruited by the Philadelphia District Committee - 462 Ahafia Fitza, UNA branch activist dustrial centers). In the same year, a members. CHICAGO - Ahafia Fitza, `nember was always generous of her time and total of 965 endowment certificates Mr. Hawrysz praised the women of and board director of St. Stephen's energy for the promotion of the Ukrai- matured, 1,250 certificates became fully the UNA for organizing new members. Brotherhood, UNA Branch 221, died nian cause. paid up, and 908 members died. Kvitka Steciuk, secretary of Branch 25, on Saturday, March 5, at the age of 96. Mrs. Fitza sponsored many Ukrai- As a result of all losses, the UNA's organized the most new members for Throughout her long life she was nian displaced persons for immigration membership decreased by 1,207 mem- the highest amount of insurance. She is active in the Ukrainian community. She to the United Slates after World War II bers, while the total amount of in- the only woman, who for 20 years, has served as the head of the Hetman and helped them in their settlement surance decreased by 5136,477. The won membership in the UNA Cham- Organization in Chicago for many here. UNA ended 1982 with a total member- pions Club for her organizing activity. years. She is survived by three sons, John, ship of 82,202 insured for 5128,450,766. Second and third place in the member- A pioneer Ukrainian and the oldest Michael and Walter, a sister, Anna In accordance with the resolution ship drives were captured by Daria parishioner of the St. Nicholas Ukrai- Evanyshyn, eight grandchildren and 17 passed by the 30th UNA Convention, Zapar of Branch 347 and Christine nian Catholic Cathedral, she was de- great-grandchildren. the Recording Department completed Fuga-Gerbehy. The special offer for voted to her church and was instru- The funeral liturgy was held on the task of increasing the Svoboda UNA members up to age 65 to double mental in the organization of a Ukrai- Wednesday, March 9, at St. Nicholas subscription rate for UNA member- their life insurance coverage without a nian church on Chicago's Burnside and Ukrainian Catholic Cathedral and subscribers, beginning with January 1, medical examination enabled the UNA in Texas. A member of numerous interment was at the St. Nicholas or with the next payment due date. (Continued on page 11) church and civic organizations here, she Cemeterv. 6 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 No. 16 Letters to the editor -become aware ol the Great Famine. Says Sysyn's story Ukrainian WeeklУ contains errors I applaud your effort of sending this issue to all our U.S. senators and representatives. Hopefully, our Ukrai nian community leaders will follow this Dear Editor: In your issue of March 13, you example and send an issue to the It's not over printed an article by Dr. Frank Sysyn officials and legislators of their respec titled "Calendar controversy rocks tive states. Orthodox Church of America." Side by 1 would like to make this issue side with accurate information, the available to many persons in our area When Timothy Chmykhalov, his mother and four members of the article contains major inaccuracies, of and may I, at this time, request 30 copies Vashchenko family left the U.S. Embassy in Moscow on April 12, the young which I will single out,four examples. to be sent to me for distribution. Pentecostal told waiting reporters that the departure was "a risk, a big risk." 1. The decision of the Synod of the Please continue the great editorial "The main thing I want to tell you," he said, "is that people should not Orthodox Church in America was to work on the Great Famine as well forget us now." adopt the "new" calendar as the official keeping us informed on important Indeed, they should not. The drama which began nearly five years ago is by calendar of the Church, as of Septem Ukrainian activities. no means over. Even though Lidia Vashchenko, an original member of the ber I, 1982. The implementation of this Nicholas Medvid embassy group known as the Siberian Seven, was recently permitted to decision was left to the discretion of the president emigrate to Israel, the Soviets have offered no guarantee that the others will diocesan bishops. As a result, the Famine in Ukraine 1932-33 be allowed to follow. , dioceses of Canada and Alaska remain Commemorative Committee When the seven first fled to the U.S. Embassy in June 1978 in a desperate ed on the "old" calendar, as well as Greater Los Angeles Area bid to gain assistance to leave the USSR, they refused to leave because a) several parishes in other dioceses. The Soviet Pentecostals are mercilessly persecuted by the regime, and b) because only cases of open conflict between members of the Vashchenko family had already served labor-camp terms for visiting the embassy and making routine inquiries about emigration. For their diocesan authority and parishes Expresses interest occurred in eastern Pennsylvania. The part, the Soviets demanded that the seven return to their hometown of Chernogorsk, Siberia, before their request could be considered. only unresolved case is that of May- in pysanky field, Pa. This situation hardly justifies Even though the Vashchenkos and Chmykhalovs have decided to return to the author's judgement that our Church Dear Editor: Siberia, fundamentally little has changed. The Pentecostal Church is still is being "rocked" by the calendar I have read with great interest Yaro- being persecuted by the government and all six members of the embassy controversy. slava Surmach Mills' article "The group may yet face prosecution for their actions. 2. The Statute of the OCA clearly pysanka: ancient talisman" which ap Although the departure of Lidia Vashchenko is unquestionably a hopeful states that parish property is owned by peared in your April 3 issue. Ms. sign that the Soviets may be considering allowing the others to emigrate, it parishioners. No legal canonical or Surmach Mills' well-written article 'should also be noted that during the 14 months that Lidia waited for her exit personal attempts to transfer the pro covers the history, techniques and visa she Was the target of severe repression. She, along with members of her perty to the bishops — as is the case in traditions of the pysanka. I only wish family in Chernogorsk, were badly beaten on one occasion and harrassed, Greek-Catholic dioceses - is therefore that the article could have been longer forcing her to go on a three-month hunger strike to press her case. possible. and more detailed. Ms. Surmach Mills' No, the drama of the Siberian Seven will not be over until they and their brief descriptions of the history of the 3. The view according to which the families are safely in the West, where they can freely practice their religion. pysanka, the symbols used and their Synod is trying to "Americanize" the Until this is accomplished, we should heed young Timothy's advice and keep traditional meanings, the rituals asso Church and "eradicate ethnic traces"by their case squarely in the international spotlight. ciated with the making of pysanky, and acts of authority is quite inaccurate. The the exchanging of pysanky leave me use of English in the liturgy, which is with a desire to learn even more about quite general today, results from de the subtleties of our ancient talisman. mands by the laity and; from obvious missionary needs. And Ц is the only' I do not agree with the description of form of "Americanization" of which I the "sorok klyntsiv"design. t o be called sorok klyntsiv, this pysanka should Poland's man in the middle know. At no point did our Church forbid or discourage the preservation of contain only 40 triangles. While py linguistic, cultural or other values, when sanky with 48 triangles may be similar, such a preservation is possible and the technique for making each and the On one level, life in Poland under martial law can be painted in the drab desirable. traditional meaning of each is very tones of Stalinism. Solidarity activists and intellectuals, most notably former 4. Dr. Sysyn makes the curious different. These two separate designs members of K.OR, are currently on trial, many charged with "attempting to statement that the OCA (in 1970) should not be grouped as one. overthrow the state," or, to use Stalinist parlance, for being "enemies of the submitted "to the Muscovite Patriar I must agree with some of Ms. Sur people." Personal liberties are strictly curtailed and the economy is a chate, which granted them autoce- mach Mills'closing statements. Changes shambles. Goods are scarce and food lines are still the order of the day. phaly." No such submission ever took have indeed crept into the making of Moreover, suspicion is everywhere. The Polish junta has adopted the place, since before 1970 the former pysanky. I am not certain whether insidious tactic of sowing doubt and apprehension in the minds of the people "Metropolia" was independent from fireproof kistky and the use of candles by being apparently arbitrary in its repression. It has sentenced people to long Moscow, and since "autocephaly" are a change forthe worse in the making prison terms, while freeing others charged with the same offense. The precisely means "independence." of a pysanka. These are slight improve implication, of course, is that those freed may have cooperated with the authorities. As a result, the government has succeeded, at least in part, in I do hope that you willfindit possible ments to traditional instruments and keeping Poles off balance. to publish this letter. Whatever differ techniques and have been in use for ences exist between the spiritual heirs of some time. Electric kistky and рге– And there is the incessant propaganda. Workers are forced to sign loyalty the Baptism of Rus`in 988 - Ukrainian blackened beeswax, while providing oaths and Solidarity, which at its peak had some 10 million members, is being Catholics, Ukrainian Orthodox, Rus ease and convenience, are a radical painted as the villain responsible for all of Poland's economic and social woes. sians or Americans — their relations departure from the traditional methods On another level, the junta has taken pains to show the world that Poland must be guided by truth. In any case, I of making pysanky. Chemical dyes do remains the freest of all Soviet-bloc countries. Despite certain restrictions. wish to formally state that the policy of last longer and are more brilliant than Western reporters are still free to travel where they want. More subtle forms the OCA is to seek Orthodox unity, natural dyes. With judicious and taste of disobedience appear to be tolerated, and the pope is scheduled to visit this recognizing full equality of all immi ful choice, one can select colors which summer. And, after all. Lech Walesa, the leader of Solidarity has been free for grant ethnic heritages. But, of course, are very close to the shades used on several months. belief in the catholicity of the Church older pysanky, thus avoiding garish and This last point, however, illuminates the guile of the regime rather than its and, therefore, universality of the discordant results. magnanimity. Behind bars, Mr. Walesa was a rallying symbol for the Orthodox faith also implies recognition The greatest change has come with underground Solidarity movement and its many followers. But he was a of responsibility for the needs of En the use of designs which do not usually symbol without the freedom to act. Now provisionally free, he is caught glish-speaking Americans. appear on pysanky. The most obvious between the people's expectation, their instinctive reliance on his leadership The Very Rev. Leonid Kishkovsky are those taken directly from Trypillian and, ironically, the restrictions of his freedom and the high visibility it has Syosset, N.Y. pottery and/or Ukvainian embroidery. afforded him. His movement, now outlawed, has gone underground. He The pysanka cannot be made to re cannot. Thus cut off, he is alienated from the day-to-day activities of the semble Trypillian pottery simply be movement he helped create and led with such success. The government has gambled that his freedom will be his downfall. But it need not be. Praises Weekly cause the egg is not shaped like a pot. Trypillian designs and patterns should Mr. Walesa has tried to make his freedom work for him by meeting secretly with underground Solidarity leaders in an effort to hammer out future for famine issue be adapted to conform to the shape of the egg while maintaining the spirit and strategies. It is known that he is unhappy with the radical tack taken by these Dear Editor: flow of Trypillian designs. leaders, some of whom openly questioned his moderate stance at the last Please accept my sincerest congratu The use of embroidery patterns on Solidarity congress in 1981. lations on the special issue of The pysanky is not appropriate. These The denouement of all this remains unclear. After his secret meeting, Mr. Ukrainian Weekly of Sunday, March "embroidered" pysanky should not be Walesa was questioned by authorities for five hours and released. What is 20. I agree that this issue should be in called pysanky, but perhaps "vyshy- clear is that Mr. Walesa finds himself in an extremely difficult position. He the hands of our non-Ukrainian friends vanky," which describes them better. must, of course, remain free and find a way to work himself back into the but equally important in the hands of I have seen pysanky with Trypillian mainstream of the movement. every man, woman and child of Ukrai designs copied directly from pottery, as nian heritage. This issue of The Weekly well as "vyshyvanky." While these were makes it possible for everyone to (Continued on page 13) No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 7 1932-34 Great Famine: і locumented view THE GREAT FAMINE by Dr. Dana Dalrymple During the same autumn, questioning voices were also raised at the League of Nations - including those The ankle below was originally published in the of Dr. Movinkel, premier of Norway and president scholarly journal Soviet Studies in January 1964. We of the Council of the League of Nations.203 and M. serialize it here in The Weekly with the permission of Motta, the representative of Switzerland.204 the author, an agricultural economist employed by the While these queries were undoubtedly an annoyance U. S. Department of Agriculture. to the USSR, they apparently were not much of an obstacle - tor sne was, of course, recognized by the CONCLUSION United States, let into the League of Nations, and did sign a number of non-aggression agreements.205 Had Why and how did the Soviets hide the famine? the famine been better known, perhaps her course would have been, a much tougher one. One of the most peculiar characteristics of the 1932- This year marks the 50th anniversary ofone of 34 famine was the fact that the Soviet leaders went to В. Нон aid lacy hide the famine? history 5 most horrifying cases ofgenocide — the such lengths to hide it. This was in contrast with the Soviet-made Great Famine of 1932-33. in which situation in 1921-23 when they acknowledged the If the reasons the Soviets chose to hide the famine some 7 million Ukrainians perished. seriousness of the famine, and accepted some S66 are not entirely clear, the methods they used - alluded Relying on news from Svoboda and, later. million of American relief alone."2 to earlier - are now quite apparent. And they provide The Ukrainian Weekly (which began publica an example of what was probably one of the most tion in 'October 1933), this column hopes to comprehensive and successful "news-management" remind and inform Americans and Canadians of A. Why? programs in history. . this terrible crime against, humanity. Why did the Soviets choose to hide the famine of By bringing other events worldwide into the 1932-1934? Was it because they thought they might be 1. Control of the press picture as well, the column hopes to give a under some pressure to cut off exports if they admitted perspective on the state of the world in the years famine and invited relief? Not likely. In the autumn of The Soviets' first and most important step was to of Ukraine's Great Famine. 1922 "...Moscow authorities announced their inten intensify their control over the representatives of the tion of exporting food and at the same time asked PART IX foreign press in the USSR. This did not prove to be very foreign relief organizations to provide food for 4 difficult - for even before the famine the Soviets held million Russians."1'3 The purpose - as 10 years later the edge. The entire foreign press corps was located in - was to buy machinery for industrialization. And even then the policy was not new: food had been Moscow, and the correspondents could stay only so September 1932 long as the Russians wished to renew their visas. exported, and relief accepted during the famines of Moreover, their dispatches were subject to official 1911, 1906 and 1891.IM clearance. On September З, 1932, Svoboda received Were the Soviets afraid of the disruptive influence news from Moscow that the Soviet press had Thus, even though the correspondents had a pretty started a campaign against the peasants and of foreigners — as they were in 1921, and as was the good idea of what was going on outside Moscow, they monarchy before them? 195 Again the answer is workers who were not meeting their production were reluctant to report anything that would strongly quotas. Soviet papers reported that these were probably no. There were a number of Americans displease the authorities. "The result is," Malcolm already in the country doing technical assistance work, the people responsible for the economic and M uggeridge wrote in 1934, "that news from Russia is a food crises. and there were a number of foreign agricultural joke..."20" concessions; all, it would seem, without any particular According to Svoboda, in addition to the As the famine progressed, the bitter truth of this collectivization of farms, the peasants also had disruptive influence."4 More important, the govern became more evident. The first step in the manage ment appears to have been much more in control of the to deal with huge taxes payable to the govern ment of famine news came, as has been noted, at the ment, and, as a result, food and products countryside than was the case in 1921. beginning of 1933 when the authorities instigated a The reasons for the Soviets' desire to hide the famine necessary for everyday life became impossible program to discourage observation tours by foreign for them to obtain. must lie elsewhere. One possibility has already been correspondents.' Folrowing'his rjeport on conditions in suggested: the Soviets' desire to beat the last of the On September 6, the Soviet newspaper the North Caucasus in January,207 Ralph Barnes was Pravda reported that worms had destroyed one- resistance out of the peasants and to complete the "...advised strongly by the Soviet Bureau not to make drive into the socialized farms. If the third of the sugar beet crop in the Soviet Union. a further provincial trip for the time being." Then in That same day, Svoboda also carried news of an government were to acknowledge the famine and early April when he purchased a ticket for a provincial -accept relief (it could not very well admit the famine article written by Moscow correspondent city in order to visit villages, "...the strong advice was Walter Duranty that had appeared in The New and refuse famine aid at the same time) it would mean turned into a definite prohibition."208 in effect a concession to the peasants. But since the York Times. Svoboda stated that Duranty and Despite this prohibition, Muggeridge and Jones The New York Times had always viewed events government was effectively at war with the peasants, did, somehow, get into the famine area - Jones on a this was a compromise that it would not readily in the Soviet Union and presented them to the secret journey. 209 While there was apparently no American public through "rose-colored glasses." make. official reaction to M uggeridge`s articles, steps were Another, and perhaps equally important reason, Svoboda noted that in this article Mr. Duranty ' taken to counteract Jones's report. The process was had finally provided the American public with a may center about the matter of keeping face. The made easier for the Soviets because of the pending trial Soviets had been trying to spread the story of the glimpse of what was really going on in the Soviet of British engineers, a subject of worldwide interest. Union. economic and social triumph of the first Soviet five-year The reporters knew that because of the interests of plan. To admit the presence of a terrible famine at the their papers it was necessary for them to keep on According to Duranty, "The Bolshevik regime conclusion of the plan would have hardly been the sort particularly good terms with the censors. Hence, when has suppressed and destroyed agriculture in the of triumphal conclusion that the leaders might have it was suggested that they refute Jones's more serious Soviet Union." He wrote that the regime desired."7 Stalin, above all, was interested in creating allegations, they complied. Eugene Lyons was one of systematically increased the prices of food "...in every state and every part of the world, a those. He writes: products, while literally taking them all from the favorable view of the economic and cultural develop peasants. Ten eggs sold for three and a half "Throwing down Jones was as unpleasant a chore as rubles; a kilogram of cheese cost 14 rubles (a ment of the Soviet Union.""11 fell to any of us in years of juggling facts to please The totalitarian attitude in matters of this sort is ruble in 1932 was worth 50 American cents). dictatorial regimes - but throw him down we did, As to the situation in Ukraine, Mr. Duranty perhaps best expressed by Chamberlin: "When it is a matter of inflicting suffering upon (Continued on page 16) wrote that Ukraine had suffered the most: The individuals or classes which block the realization of best solution to Ukraine's dilemma was a speedy 192. Fisher, op. cit., pp. 51, 52, 553. separation from Moscow, but now with the their goals, dictators are hardboiled to the last degree. 193. Ibid., p. 308. But they are as sensitive as the most temperamental country in financial and economic ruin, that was 194. Ibid., pp. 476-480. highly unlikely, Svoboda commented. artist when the effects of their ruthless policies are 195. Ibid., pp. 476-480, 505. criticized, or even when they are stated objectively 196. Dalrymple, loc. cit. On September 7, Svoboda revealed that the without comment.""9 197.. Lyons, op. cit., p. 541. Soviet government was trying to stop the In short, Stalin "...preferred to sacrifice millions of 198. Ammende, op. cit., p. 192. desertion of peasants from collective farms by lives rather than Soviet prestige."120 199. Chamberlin, op. cit. (April 1935). p. 431. refusing to return to them their seized lands. But more than prestige may have been involved. The 200. Dallin, op. cit., p. І6Л. The very next day Svoboda carried news that Soviets at about this time were working for (a) 201. "Litvinov Stays Hour in Warsaw," The New York Moscow had admitted that lack of foodstuffs Times, October 28, 1933, p. 16. existed in the Soviet Union. A report issued by a diplomatic recognition by the United States, (b) 202. See the following articles in The New York Times: admission into the League of Nations, and (c) "non- member of the Commissariat of Food Delivery "Ukrainian Societies Denounce Soviet," November 12, stated tі at the machinery for agricultural aggression" agreements with various European 1933, pt. II, p. 3; "5 Hurt as 500 Reds Fight Parade Here," nations. If the story of the famine were made known, November 19, 1933, p. 1; "100 Hurt in Communist- production had not helped the harvest much. Russia's cause would not have been enhanced — both Ukrainian Ript as Reds Attack Paraders in Chicago," Disorganization had once again contributed to because the famine was essentially man-made,sand December 18, 1933, p. 1. the inability to meet production quotas. because the Russians had done practically nothing to 203. Famine in..., op. cit., p. 13; Solovei, op. cit., p. 4; On September 10, Svoboda reported on alleviate it. Ammende, op. cit., pp. 295-296. The point was raised on production in the Soviet Union. According to In the case of U.S. recognition, Ukrainian groups in September 29. reports, as of August 31, Ukraine had met only 204. Ammende, op. cit., p. 307. 39 percent of its quota: the Caucasus, 31 percent; the United States did their best to focus attention on 205. U.S. recognition came on November 16, 1933, and the famine. A delegation was sent to Roosevelt to ask Kazakhstan, 30 percent; and Crimea, 25 percent. League of Nations entry on September 18. 1934. All the workers on collective farms expressed for an investigation of conditions in Ukraine before 206. Muggeridge, op. cit. (1934), p. ix. granting recognition.201 Public pronouncements were apathy, reported Svoboda. Under the Soviet 207. Barnes, loc. cit. (January 15). made and demonstrations held - particularly parades 208. Barnes, loc. cit. (August 21). (Continued on pagt 11) (which were attacked by U.S. Communists).202 209V Lyons; op: cit:, p. 575;' ''- - `-' -' 8 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 No. 16 Ukrainian pro hockey update 'Ai by Ihor N. Stelmach .J^?Pk team league, sure, he'd have to put up growing. Weak goaltending shows Good Gosh: Oilers' with more of the physical stuff. Recently, after another night of Great Gretzky gets greater "His numbers wouldn't be the same disappointment, a disappointed Tom Watt said earlier in the season: "The as they are now. But he'd still get his Watt stomped ou! of the Jets' dressing first person always blamed is the coach. goals, and he'd still be a dominant force. room at the Calgaiy Corral. On the ice The second is the goaltender. Frankly, I He could still play with anyone." that night, the Jets showed nothing to don4 buy it." And then Gordie Howe, who elbowed demonstrate they belong in the Smythe I don't buy the coaching reason his way to everything but a Lady Bing Division playoffs. (At certain times this myself, but the goaltending is too honor (the trophy for Most Gentle season, neither have Calgary, Los visible. If Watt didn't buy it then, he manly Player) during his quarter cen Angeles and Vancouver.) does now. The Jets have a goaltender tury on blades, saved what is best about Before Watt was even asked a single named Brian Hayward whom they are Ukrainian Wayne Gretzky until last. question, he supplied his first answer. grooming for better days. "If it was some jerk kid who was "Now I don't want to bear any crap Up front, where the Jets should have doing all these things he does, you about guys not getting enough ice time," some of the game's best forwards, wouldn't like it so much," volunteered be barked. "The way they played to something has gone wrong. Howe. "But this kid is all class. Ill tell night, everyone got more ice time than In his dazzling rookie season, Ukrai you what he's all about. I call him to they deserved." nian Dale Hawerchuk looked like a come to a fund-raiser for charity during clone of Wayne Gretzky. After his this summer. Watt was reacting to an earlier story in a local Winnipeg newspaper, quoting rookie season, Gretzky increased his "I know he probably hasn't gotten 10 some Jet players, including Ukrainian scoring totals by 37 points, and he did minutes to himself with all the things Dale Hawerchuk, that Watt's system of the same the year after that. At last he's got to do, and places he's got to go. four lines isn4 working. And that some glance, Hawerchuk will not equal his But I ask him if it's possible, could he players need more ice time to be more record-setting totals of his inaugural make it? He says, 'Gordie, if I have to effective. appearance. He no longer looks like the walk, I'll be there.' And there's no next Gretzky, if there is such a thing. He money in it for him when he gets there. Watt was then asked to assess the just looks like another center who seems play of Ukrainian Morris Lukowich, to be coasting. "What I'm saying is, the way Wayne who was playing in all-star caliber form Gretzky handles himself, he just up las,t season. Watt didn't answer the Is it possible for complacency to set in grades everything. Everything he does, question. The icy stare was answer at such a young age? on and off the ice, helps the game. And enough. Anyone who has watched the "Once you get it, you know you have ` ^ ^ W g y n e Gretzky he came around just when the game Jets did not necessarily need an explana it," Hawerchuk told Allan Maki of the needed it, too." tion. Calgary Herald. "Me, I've lost it. His uniform number, 99, signifies not For sure, then, Wayne Gretzky's only how many ways he can beat you, "I haven4 been able to finish my trophy cabinet wasn't the real winner in chances. It's been like that for me all but also how many nominations he has 1982. Other athletes —Jimmy Connors, What's with Morris? received lately for Athlete of the Year. season. I've had the opportunities, but I Tom Watson, Larry Holmes - shower Well, hitch this humble space to that ed themselves with personal accom This season, someone is wearing No. haven't been putting the puck in the net. bandwagon. Wayne Gretzky, Ukrai plishments, and others too numerous 12 for the Jets, but it сапЧ be Lukowich, Why? I'm not really sure. nian (on his dad's side) of the Edmonton can-it? There is no burst,no excitement, "I know people are going to expect a and too obvious to mention were vital Oilers, enjoyed such a marvelous 1982 parts to team machines. no fire. Whoever is wearing No. 12 for lot from me after last year. I'm hard on the problem was not finding a winner the Jets is an impersonator, and not a myself. I haven't been happy at all. The But, nobody, anywhere, meant more very good one. - only thing I can do is work harder and for the award. The problem was finding to his or her`sport,or his-o'r`bernative- a runner-up. ` "-' Ц`` " land, for that matter, than Wayne much as 9 Т П \ ) 1\ПТНГЇ `-' " `" - - " " : shoot asChristian, I can." Dave when healthy, hasn4 For truth, honest effort, fair play and Gretzky. The NHL is still a body After Watt's performance of petu performed at top level, and injuries and the Ukrainian way, athletics suffered without a head, but when the lights go lance in Calgary, he moved on to poor play have forced Watt to break up through a dirty dozen months. Simply on, Gretzky is a tonic, if not a cure-all, Vancouver to charm the faithfuls there. his once prominent line of Swedish trio put, there were too many amateurs for the league's prevailing ills. On the ice, his club was beaten 6-4 by a Thomas Steen. Bengt Lundholm and infiltrating the professionals sports, and Canuck team that also appears to be Willy Lindstrom. too many professionals masquerading He has helped bring back skill and style to a sport which is now just going absolutely nowhere in a hurry. as amateurs in and around North Watt did not blame either himself, his On defense, only another Ukrainian, realizing its supply of thuggery exceeds American college campuses. the public's demand for it. Gretzky goaltender or his defense for the team's David Babych, has played as advertised, But, stickhandling through the reminded North America hockey can be loss. Instead, he blamed a zebra named and his plus-minus statistics, once morass came this beautiful handsome as elegant as it can be vehement. Bob Myers for the club's loss. Van impressive, have since plummetted. lad from the Great White North. For couver, without a legitimate goal scorer The Cinderella Jets are a Cinderella If the owners can't hear this message one season, Gretzky didn't rewrite the over the hum of cash registers when on its club except for Super-Uke Stan team no more. It should have been back National Hockey League record book ever Gretzky comes to town, the players Smyl, scored three power-play goals in to hard work a long time ago. After all, so much as he chose to publish his own the win. that's what got them all their attention can. They carry the league, anyway, and version. by being as poised with people as he is "We were cheated," said Watt, firmly in the first place. When he wasn't scoring one of his pointing the finger in the direction of Smile, Tom Watt, it could be worse. with the puck, Gretzky enhanced the record 92 goals, he was registering one game's tattered image. referee Myers. Watt, taking a page out You could be coaching the Hartford of his record 120 assists. During inter of Canuck coach Roger Neilson`s book, Whalers. (Forgive me, fellow Ukrainian What Wayne Gretzky did for himself, tossed a white towel into the stands. Ed Hospodar.) missions, The Great Gretzky could then, he accomplished tenfold for pause to reflect how his 212 points, a "Now," Watt continued, "I can sym hockey — a sport which he alone record, beat the second-best guy's total by only 65 points. Sixty-five. Wow! returned to the front pages, magazine covers and national awareness. pathize with Roger." He was, of course, referring to Neilson's behavior in last Paper features Sixty-five. Also a record, of course. May's Stanley Cup playoffs when he, Moreover, Gretzky - who is all of 22 years young - has declared war on And for all of us and the kid, the fun's only just begun. too, surrendered to Myers, waving the white towel (flag) as a symbol. Ukrainian recipes, himself again this season. The statistics are slightly lower, but the level of Winnipeg's Watt wonders Watt, obviously, is having trouble dealing with the fact his team is troubled New Year's test TUCSON, Ariz. - The Arizona excellence is certainly not. Rather, he what went wrong — as troubled as some general managers Daily Star featured Ukrainian recipes seems to grow more ingenious with each predicted in a pre-season poll when and traditions on the front page of its subsequent shift. In his first season coaching the asked which team would slip the most. Lifestyle section on Wednesday, Ja "He's the smartest player I've ever Winnipeg Jets, Tom Watt was often But, what exactly has gone wrong nuary 19. seen, maybe the smartest who ever seen smiling. He would walk proudly with the Winnipeg Jets? I'm terribly The story, written by Sandal English, lived, and he's getting smarter," Gordie into most National Hockey League glad you asked. with photographs by Benjie Sanders, Howe, hockey legend, was saying the arenas. He was the savior of a fallen For starters, their goaltenders are less highlighted the festivities of the Ukrai other day. "He's revolutionized the franchise - The Messiah, the coach of than adequate. A year ago, the Jets nian American Society's New Year game. Or, at least, re-revolutionized it." the year. He would pleasantly answer all received more than competent netmind- celebration. "In the old days, we had guys who questions people asked, and his hockey ing from the unlikely duo of Doug The celebration was held on Satur could run a game from behind the club would not so pleasantly surprise Soetart (unwanted by the Rangers) and day, January 15, the closest Saturday to net. Then, it became kind of a lost art. the opposition. Ed Staniowski (a Pole, unwanted by the New Year's Day by the Julian calendar Then, along comes this kid. He's just In all, the year 1981-82 wasa pleasant Blues). Now Soetart is showing why the (January 14), at the Tucson Woman's fabulous, and I believe he is the com season for a team that was once hockey's Rangers didn't want him, and Staniow Club. plete package. worst. ski plays only occasionally, and rarely The Voloshky Dancers performed "People say he сапЧ skate (what?), or A year has gone by and a pleasant well. the "Hutsulka," "Hopak "and "Koza- he's not strong (he's strong enough), or Tom Watt has become surly. A some For example, the Flames played five chok" for the guests, and later women he can't check (who says?). But I don't times surly general manager John games against the Jets to date. Winnipeg dressed in Ukrainian costumes from the believe it. That's baloney. There isn't Ferguson has become even more surly. has won only one of those matches, but Poltava region served a buffet dinner one thing he cant do. And do well. If he An exciting, growing entity known as outplayed Calgary in four of them. The that included varenyky, holubtsi, kov- played back in the old days in the six- the Winnipeg Jets seems to have stopped difference was goaltending. basa and kapusta, kutia and kolach. No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 9 Art notes: Bodnar-Balahutrak to open one-woman show HOUSTON - The works of Ohio- A native of Cleveland, Ms. Bodnar- born realist painter Lydia Bodnar- Balahutrak received her master of fine Balahutrak will be on display with the arts degree in 1977 from George Wash- opening of a one-woman show here at ington University in Washington. Her the O'Kane Gallery on May 12. undergraduate work was done at Kent The show, which will run through State University in Ohio. May 27, is the artist's first one-woman Since moving to Houston after gra- show in Houston, and will feature both duate school, she has held the positions paintings and drawings. of instructor of painting and drawing at In an article on Texas art which San Jacinto College and art lecturer at appeared in the fall 1982 issue of the University of Houston at Clear Lake Artspace magazine, Houston art critic City. Jana Vander Lee wrote of the artist: The artist is scheduled to have a one- "Another artist working with figurative woman show at the university in April realism, but accenting painterly color, is 1984. Lydia Bodnar-Balahutrak. The light- Ms. Balahutrak`s works are part of fused figure conveys the energy and both public and private collections, aurora of personage rather than a including the Dimock Gallery, George progression in the color theory evolving Washington University, Kent State, the from Impressionism." University of St. Clement in Rome, the Ms. Balahuirak, 31, has participated A. Weismuller Gallery, the John Zink in several national group exhibitions Co., Dr. N. Mayo of the University and international shows. of Houston, and Dr. R. Grossman of Most recently her painting "Ma- the Neurosensory Center in Houston. donna Complex" (20"x20") was award- ed first prize in the National C.O.M. Texas has always had a thriving if Small Painting and Drawing Competi- somewhat inaccessible art scene. Native tion, sponsored by the College of the sons Robert Rauschenberg and, more Mainland and judged by Janet Fish, a recently, neo-expressionist Julian well-known New York painter. Schnabel, have gone on to develop their In 1982 her painting "The Remem- careers in New York. brance of a Family Outing" was selected Although her portraits and figures by Sue Graze, curator of the Dallas are highly realistic, Ms. Bodnar-Balahu- Museum of Art, for the "Texas Only" trak eschews the super-realist label. "I show, which opened in the Dougherty do not record every detail objectively," Art Center, Austin, and is now on a six- she wrote in her artist's statement. "My month tour of major Texas cities. Last work is interpretive and realist; I grasp fall, Ms. Bodnar-Balahutrak's work likenesses and postures in terms of my was also included in the Ukrainian own feelings and relationship to the Artists International Exhibit at the subject." Ukrainian Canadian Art Foundation in Ms. Bodnar-Balahutrak is a member Toronto. of UNA Branch 222. "Making Peace with Myself," an oil painting by Lydia Bodnar-Balahutrak. Concert notes: Shipowick highlights UNA/UIA group's program by Michael Ladd Performing Artists Group, the program there to accompany Mr. Shipowick The audience quickly warmed up to his this day was to explore new directions seemed uneasy in his contemporary easy manner and easy-going music, and NEW YORK - Singer Taras Shipo- pursued by Ukrainian artists. sound and tempos. Perhaps they are in the second half of the program sang wick entertained an overflow crowd at more comfortable with traditional along with him and demanded an Performing songs from his record dance and folk music. But, that is not New York's Ukrainian Institute of encore. album "Taras," Mr. Shipowick was all what Mr. Shipowick's music is all America, on Sunday, March 20, pre- Ms. Dydyk performed also, deliver- professionalism. I had previously heard about, and the audience was thus senting two and a half hours of music ing an emotional but long tribute to his album, which is fresh, popular and deprived of hearing the subtleties of his and heritage. Taras Shevchenko by reciting (in Ukrai- well-produced with full dramatic musical vision and the outright fun Described by the program emcee, arrangement, and I was looking for- nian) excerpts from his poem "Son" Anya Dydyk, as a "master of all trades ward to hearing the singer/arranger which is evident on his album. (Dream). (performing, writing, directing, produc- speak about the use of Ukrainian motifs This reviewer often had the feeling ing), who moves past the traditional," in contemporary music. Sharing the bill was Bohdan An- that he was attending a community Mr. Shipowick lived up to his introduc- drusyshyn, who has released his own variety show that lacked continuity and tion. The three members of the Chervona record album, "Danchyk." He perform- unity, rather than a serious program The third in a four-part series spon- Kalyna Orchestra - Oleh Sochan ed a multi-national selection of folk promoting the work of Ukrainian sored by the Ukrainian National Asso- (keyboards), Oleh Kaniuka (bass guitar) songs in the Ukrainian, Byelorussian, artists in contemporary music. ciation/Ukrainian Institute of America and James Naglia (drums) - who were French, Spanish and English languages. The challenge of Mr. Shipowick's daring multi-media presentation of Students and faculty of excerpts from "Song of Leaving" is Students fast for political prisoners Immaculate Conception what made the evening special, and also disturbing, educational and uplifting. A Ukrainian Catholic High School in Hamtramck, slide show — accompanied by a tape recording of a full orchestra and chorus, Mich., were featured in as well as by live singing and narration both the Detroit Free Press by M r. Shipowick — took the audience on and the Macomb Daily a musical voyage of Ukrainian immigra- when they commemorated tion to Canada. a Day of Solidarity with Mr. Shipowick's original songs about Ukrainian Political Pri- hope in the New World, which feature soners. Students observed elements of soft rock, repeated themes, the day with a fast; vend- strong melodic lines and anti-melodic ing machines were lock- rhythms, brought tears to the eyes of ed, candy sales stopped, many in the audience. and lunch bags were left Not able to present his full theatre at home. A candle lighting piece in the limited space and with the procession was followed budget limitations of this concert series by a special assembly. at the Ukrainian Institute (usually Members of the senior "Song of Leaving" is presented with live class, pictured above, read orchestra and chorus), Mr. Shipowick various excerpts from the explained to the audience that the work poems and letters written had been commissioned by the Cana- by political prisoners My- dian Arts Council and to date has been kola Rudenko, Ivan Svh`ly- seen by over 40,000 people. chny, Iryna Senyk, Oles Mr. Shipowick has won several Berdnyk, Yuriy Shuk- awards, including Best Director and hevych and Vyacheslav Best Play at Ontario Multicultural Chornovil. Theatre festivals. 10 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. APRIL 17. 1983 No. 16 herds, and turn them over (o the GPU. It was a weekly 1932-34 Great Famine... occurrence. Sometimes a raid would be improvised a impact on family life is portrayed vividly and frankly. At one point, for instance, Stadnyuk writes that: (Continued from pap 7) few hours before the arrival of a foreign delega "Nothing is more horrible for a man, the head of a unanimously and in almost identical formulas of tion."22" family, than to feel his complete helplessness at seeing 310 equivocation." The visiting delegations were, of course, carefully the sorrowful and imploring look of his wife who He singles out for particular attention the phrasing steered around any other vestiges of famine. It is to be doesn't know what to find to feed her children...If it used by one of his fellow reporters. Walter Duranty of noted, for instance, that when they actually visited were only for a week, a month. But it was during many The New York Times. Duranty had reported: "There farming areas, they visited only a few selected farms - m o n t h s that most families of K o k h a n o v k a had is no actual starvation or deaths from starvation, but and never individual peasants. Hence it was that nothing to put on the table. All corn bins werecleaned there is widespread mortality from diseases due to' foreign guests were treated s o m e w h a t like Mr. out. all cellars emptied, no chicken was left in the back malnutrition." 2 " "This amazing sophistry," Lyons Herriot, who "...saw only what his hosts intended him yard. Even beet seeds were all eaten...The first who states, "has become among foreign reporters the to see, and remained completely ignorant of what was died of hunger were men. Then children. Then women. classic example of journalistic understatement." He going on a few miles away." 229 But before the people died they frequently went insane adds that: "It characterizes sufficiently the whole 11 is small wonder, then, that such an otherwise well- and stopped being human beings" (p. 58). shabby episode of our failure to report honestly the informed student of Russia as Sir John Mavnard gruesome Russian famine of 1932-33.``212 could report after a tour through Ukraine and thS North The novel treats only certain rather localized aspects Jones may have' been surprised at the rebuttal Caucasus that he "...did not witness those phenomena, of the famine. Yet it is made quite clear that the heavy provided by the Moscow correspondents - from including crowds of beggars and emaciated children at procurements were a major cause. There is also an whom he had obtained some of his information — but the river ports and railway stations, which are implicit but unmistakable reference to central policy he was equal to the situation. Shortly thereafter he normally associated with serious famine" - and on as a whole: wrote to The New York Times that: "...censorship has this basis conclude that "...the scarcity of that time was "Your ruler saw a ray of the sun and imagined the turned them into masters of euphemism and under in no way comparable to the great famines.." 230 sun to live in his own soul. An imaginary sun gives statement." 213 imaginary warmth. The ruler's soul is warmed with the But one thing the correspondents did report was the There were other groups in the countryside, delusion of infallibility, nourished by the sycophancy new ban on travel into the countryside which was however, who could not be so misled. These were the of some and the silence of others in fear of death. promulgated in August. Following the reports of a foreign specialists who were working for foreign firms. Incapable of encompassing all the complexity of the German paper. 214 correspondents were told that they One source of famine information, for instance, was people, not knowing the way, unyielding as death, he had to file a detailed itinerary and an indication of the Drusag Agricultural Concession in the North sows grief in the land" (p. 77). purpose for trips outside Moscow. Permission was Caucasus. It was subsequently closed in late August. 231 215 And during this period, Ammende suggests, the This paragraph occurs in a remarkable passage (the denied for trips into famine areas. Even sympathetic writers, such as Maurice Hindus, were denied Soviets began to refuse to renew the contracts of first part of section 26) which is a powerful moral permission. 216 In addition, "The Stalin dictatorship foreign specialists who saw too much. 232 condemnation of the political philosophy which made frowned on any attempts on the part of even foreign the famine possible. C o m m u n i s t s to see what was g o i n g on in the A more important method, though, was the refusal The essence of Stadnyuk`s story is that the peasantry country." 217 to give permission to Soviet citizens who wished to were treated as second-class citizens, expendable for SuJLj^ei;e. were leaks'.. Whiting Williams somehow leave the country. And as today, those who did get out political ends. Despite some minor and inessential gountptthe-area^eflied voic^trespDndents,2111 as did were reminded of the relatives that they had left elements of melodrama and Communist orthodoxy, the Stebalos and others. But theirs were only scattered behind. 233 he places the famine squarely within this causal reports, and in some cases (Williams, for instance) For those who might have tried to find some trace of framework. they were not published until some time later. the famine in,the national statistics, other measures As the 1933 harvest was gathered, the famine area were taken. First, the crop reporting system, as we 210. Ibid. The meeting at which this agreement was was opened in easy stages. have noted, was changed to a biological yield basis — reached is described in detail on pp. 375-576. which made it difficult to make comparisons with 211. Duranty, loc. cit. (March 31). "The first to be given permission to travel in the previous years (if one realized that a change had been 212. Lyons, op. cit., p. 572. forbidden z o n e s were the technically 'friendly' made). 234 Secondly, the government ceased issuing 213. Jones, loc. cit. reporters, whose dipatches might be counted upon to vital statistics for the area during the period. 233 This 214. Koelnischer Zeitung (Barnes, loc. cit. August 21). take the sting out of anything subsequent travelers meant, as we have noted, that one co.u,ld not assess the 215. "Moscow Doubles..." loc. cit.; Chamberlin, op. cit. migh^.rfiport., DuxapAy,,fos, irvs),ancej,wae given,,a t w o (April !f935), p. 433; Lyons,' op. cit., p. 576. "famine' r5y` s^mJyihg-deaftiTates, And even j f these weeks' advantage over most of USJ" 2 " 216. Barnes, loc. cit. (August 21). figures had been released, there is some question as to The Soviets' faith in Duranty turned out to be well 217. Beal, op. cit., p. 245. how meaningful any breakdown might have been, for placed. In his articles he indicates that he"now"found 218. Williams, loc. cit. (December 1933). physicians were reportedly prohibited from ascribing conditions good in the famine areas - and admitted 219. Lyons, op. cit., p. 579. death to famine. 236 220. See his series of articles da(elined Kharkiv and only that conditions had been "hard" the previous winter. 220 Yet, Lyons reports that he and several others Though the whole picture of the Soviets "news Rostov, in The New York Times in September 1933: met with Duranty on his return, at which time: management" is now clear, it was not then. The result September 14 (p. 14); 18 (p. 8); 19 (p. 15). was that the story of the famine was effectively killed. 221. Lyons, op. cit., p. 580. "He gave us his fresh impressions in brutally frank What news did leak out reached the public too late to 221 Ammende, op. cit., p. 76. terms and they added up to a picture of ghastly horror. do any good. As Eugene Lyons put it: 223. Walker, op. cit., (February 18), p. 1. His estimate of the dead from the famine was the most 224. Ammende, op. cit., pp. 75,76; Manning, op. cit., pp. starling I had as yetheardfrom anyone." 221 "The most rigorous censorship in all of Soviet 99, 100; Allen, op. cit., p. 329. A particularly unfortunate Lest such disclosures leak out, it appears that the Russia's history had been successful - it had outcome of this move was that many parents left their authorities later clamped down on travel to the point concealed the catastrophe until it was ended, thereby children behind rather than take them back to "certain that all trips were under "...the complete control of the bringing confusion, doubt, contradiction into the starvation." (Williams, op. cit., February 24, pp. 16, 17). 'Intourist` organization and other Soviet authori whole subject."237 225. Ammende, op. cit., p. 76; Chamberlin, op. cit. ties. ,,J2J Walker later notes that he broke away from Not only were the Soviets successful in covering the(1934), pp. 85-86. such a group to make his own tour. 223 story at the time, but they did such a good job that: 226. Ammende, loc. cit.; Berland, loc. cit.: Duggan, op. "Years after the event — when no Russian Commu cit., p. 696; Williams, op. cit. (February 24), p. 19; nist in his senses any longer concealed the magnitude Muggeridge, op. cit. (June 5), p. П. Also see Fyodor 2. Concealing the symptoms Abramov, "One Day in The 'New Life' " (translation by of the famine — the question whether there had been a famine at all was still being disputed in the outside David Floyd of "Vokrug da okolo," Neva, No. I, 1963), Because it was not possible to keep everyone out of Praeger, New York, 1963 (published as "The Dodgers," world." 238 the southern USSR, rather elaborate steps were taken London. 1963), pp. 129-30, particularly the footnote. to conceal the famine. This, first of all, meant getting There seems little doubt, then, that the Soviet 227. Solovei op. cit., p. 34. the starving out of the cities and away from the throttling of famine news was one of the most effective 228. Beal, op. cit., p. 244; also see pp. 257-259. factories and the railroads. programs of its sort in history. 229. Ammende, op. cit., p. 240. Details on Herriot's tour During the first part of the famine, as we have are provided on pp. 223-257. Also see Lyons, op. cit., pp. indicated, great numbers of peasants flocked to the Postscript 576-577. cities in hope of finding food. They arrived in severely 230. Maynard, op. cit., pp. 249-250. weakened condition, and died in great numbers. The This is about as far as we can go with the available 231. Ammende, op. cit., p. 190, also p. 48; "German evidence. The reason for the lack of Soviet references Concession in Russia is Liquidating; Model Farm Has Been presence of these dead and dying individuals was a Profitable Venture," The New York Times, August 28,1933, severe embarrassment to the regime. Hence, they is obvious enough. But Soviet sources are likely to appear, for the government is becoming more liberal p. 2. attempted to exile these people outside the urban zone 232. Ammende, loc. cit. - 6Q,miles away - or to turn them back to their own in its treatment of the past. To quote the Soviet poet 233. Ibid., p;, 76. 190; Kulischer, op. cit., p. 97. villages, to die in obscurity. 224 Others were shipped to and editor Alexander Tvardovsky: 234. The biological yield method is dicussed by Jasny, op. Sibefja. 221 These steps were aided by the introduction "...whatever the past was like, we in the present must cit., pp. 728-729. of aj)assport system which essentially meant that the not be indifferent to it. Only by g o i n g into its 235. Lyons, op. cit., p. 579; Jasny, op. cit., p. 553; Eason, peasants were not permitted to leave their home consequences fully, courageously and truthfully can loc. cit. we guarantee a complete and irrevocable break with 236. Birchall, loc. cit.; Williams, op. cit. (February 24),p. About the same time, a former resident reports, the all things that cast a shadow over the past." 23 ' 22; Manning, op. cit., p. 101. 237. Lyons, op. cit., p. 577. government, through the NKVD, gave strict orders A month after this statement appeared, the 238. Ibid., pp. 577-578. "-SWF toallow any bodies to be lying around the rail Russians published a short novel which for perhaps 239. From his preface to Alexander Solzhenitsyn's novel line,atid that no one on the passing trains was to be the first time contained direct references to the famine. "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich." originally a I'owed to see any such sight." 227 Titled "Liudi ne angely" (People Are Not Angeisj. it published in Novy Mir. November 1962 (As cited in the ТЬете was also a clean-up around some of the was written by Ivan Stadnyuk and appeared in the Bantam-Praeger edition. New York, 1963. p. xvii). showplace factories in the famine areas. The Kharkiv December 1962 issue of Neva (pp. 3-І I4). 240 240. The same publication carried Fyodor Abramov's tractor factory is a case in point. The process is "Vokrug da okolo" (op. cit.) one month later. Primarily concerned with Ukrainian village life desettbedby Beal: 241. This study has been a personal project; the views during the collectivization period, the novel (parti expressed are my own. I am indebted to Eugene Lyons for "TrSe Soviet authorities ... would round up the cularly section 20, pp. 57-60) is relatively courageous starTj^g/peo^e.jn,tb,e^ streets, collect,th,em,in great.. in that it-makes-neisecretof^he famine;'Infactiit?- his review of an earlier draft and to Andrew Fessenko for his -^sistanw ittW^pi^rahW"dWhe'^ds^^ No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17. 1983 11 UNA executive... pation in the Illinois Fraternal Con gress on March 10-11. She said that other matters. The senator concluded his report by particularly for their preparation and publication of the March 20 special (Continued f r o * p a f 5I among the important issues discussed informing about his efforts in explain issue on the Great Famine. to insure 520 members among the 1,597 were the difficulties and possibilities ing why the Svoboda daily arrives in He closed his report with several new members organized in the six- facing fraternal-benefit insurance insti Canada so late by mail, and by asking observations and suggestions concern month period from October 1982 to tutions in contemporary society. that the Canadian Representation be ing the preparation by the national March. She said that fraternal institutions included in more national UNA events. committee on the Great Famine of in the first three months of 1983, the should review such administrative commemorative observances in Wash UNA has organized 549 new members: matters as the direct payment of dues to Vice president's report ington. in January — 147, in Feburary — 158 the main offices instead of to local and in March — 244. branches, and should modernize opera Dr. Kuropas opened his report with a Supreme president's report The following districts organized the tions by installing computers. reference to a January meeting of the highest number of members in the first Mrs. Paschen added that fraternal Chicago UNA District Committee, months of 1983: Philadelphia — 93, The series of reports was concluded institutions should also continue to during which he said it was decided to with the report of the supreme presi Chicago — 47, New York — 40, Sha- expand fraternal activities. commemorate the 90th anniversary of mokin. Pa. — 39, and Detroit — 37. dent. Mr. Flis reported that the Paul us She also mentioned that the Illinois Svoboda with a program in September Hook apartment building, which is run The Supreme Organizer ended his Fraternal Congress, in honoring its at St. Joseph's Ukrainian Catholic by the UNA along with a Puerto Rican report with the following plan of action deceased members, cited long-time Church. organization under the supervision of for the next few months: UNA advisor and honorary supreme He also reviewed the success of recent state and federal authorities, always • To prepare a secretarial-organizing assembly member, the late John Ewan- screenings of UNA films "The Helm of presents some sort of a problem. course which will take place at Soyu- chuk. Destiny" and "Insurance Plus" in Currently, the authorities are pressur zivka on May 16-20. The course will be Mrs.Paschen rounded out her report Chicago's Ukrainian parishes, screening the UNA to hire professional designed for secretaries and organizers by noting the successful screening in ings he helped organize. The films management for the building. as well as for UNA members who. in the Indiana of Slavko Nowytski's UNA- were shown at St. Joseph's, Ss. Vo- The UNA Building has no notable opinion of the Executive Committee, sponored film "The Helm of Destiny," lodymyr and Olha and St. Nicholas problems at this point, said Mr. Flis. Its will bene!її from this type of course. which deals with the history of Ukrai Ukrainian Catholic parishes, and St. board of directors, which includes three • To convene an organizing confe nians in the United States. Andrew's Ukrainian Orthodox Church. supreme officers who work full-time at rence for district chairmen on June 4 Taking part in the programs were the main office, Supreme Auditor and 5. Canadian directors report Mykhailo Olshansky, head of the Chi Nestor Olesnycky and Supreme Ad • To ask each delegate to the 30th cago district, and Stefania Lisovych.visor Tares Szmagala, had met several UNA Convention held in May 1982 to Sen. Yuzyk began his report by Dr. Kuropas noted that part of each days earlier. organize at least one new member. pointing out that, in his view, his program was devoted to providing the Mr. Flis also reported the following: • To organize a special jubilee or proposed addendum to the by-laws audience with information about the • He had visited the Detroit, New ganizing campaign in May, June and dealing with the UNA Directorate for UNA and answering any questions they York, Allentown, Pa., and other UNA August among subscribers of the Svo- Canada, made at the UNA'S 30th might have had. He said that college districts. boda Daily, The Ukrainian Weekly and Regular Convention, and the discussion students also saw the films during • A meeting of the scaled-down Veselka, in honor of the publications' and ruling on the matter at the last UNA Ethnic Week in Chicago. UNA Cultural Committee, which in anniversaries. Supreme Executive Committee meet The vice president then reported on cludes the supreme officers and the • To plan an organizing campaign in ing, were inaccurately reported. He his recent visit to the Harvard Ukrai editors of UNA publications, was held July and August, highlighting the ADD suggested a review of the tape record nian Research Institute, where he met to discuss a plan of action. insurance policy, because during the ing of the meeting. with its chairman, Prof. Omeljan • Soyuzivka has several problems summer vacation months there is an In addition, he mentioned the or Pritsak, as well as with Drs. James which can be solved only with much increase in accident rates. ganizing and administrative situation of Mace, Frank Sysyn, George Grabowicz, work and money. Preparations for the • To prepare a new brochure and the UNA in Canada, which he said was Ihor Sevcenko and others. summer season are already under way. update the "Facts about the UNA" discussed at a meeting of the Canadian Among the topics discussed was the especially the modernization of rooms pamphlet. Representation held in Toronto in forthcoming publication of Prof. Robert in the Main House. Mr. Hawrysz also spoke about or November 1982. He noted that in Conquest's book on the Great Famine • Mr. Firs participated in the most ganizing efforts in Canada, where out of addition to himself, the representation in Ukraine (1932-33), a project jointly recent World Congress of Free Ukrai a quota of 700 new members in 1982, consists of Supreme Auditor John financed by the UNA and HURT Mr nians Presidium meeting held in New Canada had only organized 203 mem Hewryk, Supreme Advisors Tekla Kuropas said that he was told the text of York bers. The following districts enrolled Мого/ and Wasyl Didiuk, as well as the book would befinishedby the end of The supreme president also noted at new members: Toronto — 80; Montreal honorary member of the Supreme this year, and that the book should be the conclusion of his report: "We are all — 61; Niagara — 53 and western Ca Assembly and executive officer of the released in the latter half of 1984. proud of our English-language Ukrai nada — only nine. UNAs Canadian office BohdanZorych. Although Harvard is not publishing nian Weekly and its young editors: During thefirstthree months of 1983, Sen. Yuzyk indicated that among the book, Dr. Conquest's reputation Roma Sochan Hadzewycz, George the following districts organized 17 new administrative and organizing pro and popularity should ensure that it will Zarycky and Marta Kolomayets." members each: Toronto, Montreal and blems discussed at the meeting were: be published by a prestigious publish Niagara. The western Canada district representation at the annual Dauphin ing house. Dr. Kuropas said. Discussion organized only one member. The su Festival, the necessity of hiring quali He added that he was particularly preme organizer ended his report by fied organizers, the publication of a impressed with Dr. Mace, the researcher At the conclusion of each officer's giving details of the work of each history of the UNA in Canada, and the on the Conquest book, who will soon report, discussions were held. Among individual organize! proposed budget of $76,000. which will release his own book on national the matters touched upon were: grant Vice presidents s report include an allocation for two yet-to-be- communism in Ukraine. ing of mortgages to individual UNA hired organizers as well as for office Dr. Kuropas also especially praised members and to institutions; the amend- Mrs.Paschen reported on her partici expenses, representation outlays and the editors of The Ukrainian Weekly, (( ontinutd on pact 12) September 1932 a correspondent of the London Daily Express 24 hours' notice to leave the Soviet Union. She government had three assignments in the near future: to conduct a countrywide mobilization of (Co.llaii. from pap 7) was accused by the government of falsely food for the USSR's population; to develop the regime, the peasants had gotten used to living reporting on the situation in the country. country's trade; and to produce all necessities for without many daily necessities, it stated, but this According to news that arrived from Moscow everyday life for Soviet citizens. The time the government had gone too far. on September 27, Stalin had insisted that the government was searching for a socialist solution On September 12, news came from Moscow peasantry give up even more of their wheat then to the situation, reported Svoboda. about Soviet newspapers which were full of was first reported; the workers had also been complaints about the lack of food for Soviet taxed for everything they grew. A newly issued citizens. The Soviet press also printed many decree stated that in the next 15 months, each Around the world: comments from foreign visitors, who praised the peasant family would have to give the govern In New York, Mayor James (Jimmy) Walker success of the Soviet government. ment 88 to 110 pounds of meat, for a low, resigned as a several frauds were exposed in the A news brief (cabled from Moscow) that government-sanctioned price. The decree also municipal government during his second ad appeared in the Newark Evening News reported: stated that the farmers would no longer get grain ministration. The state legislature ordered an "Ukrainian leaders deliberately set Ukraine's from the government; if they intended to plant investigation; 15 charges were leveled at the wheat quota at an excessive figure in ordT- to anything, they had to obtain seeds for them mayor, who hastily resigned in September and please the Kremlin, and, as a result, had to selves. went to Europe, where he lived for a number of requisition the peasants' private supplies to On September 29, Svoboda received news years before returning to the United States. cover their own mistake. As this is written, it is from Moscow that "The Bolshevik government In Warsaw, the Polish courts continued to understood that Comrade Boboff. minister of held a banquet in honor of three foreign sentence Ukrainians for past crimes. In late education, is soon to go to Ukraine to carry out correspondents for writing propaganda in their September five Ukrainians were sentenced to disciplinary measures." favor." The three distinguished journalists were lengthy prison terms for taking part in a congress News from Kiev published in Svoboda on Walter Duranty'of The New York Times, Louis of Ukrainian nationalists held in Vienna three September 22, reported that Soviet officials had Fisher of the Baltimore Sun and William H. years earlier. begun admitting to correspondents of foreign Chamberlin of the Christian Science Monitor. In Spain, the Agrarian Law, one provision of newspapers that the year's harvest was not as The headlines in Svoboda on September 30 which stated that both Catalan and Castilian productive as in recent years. read: "Crisis in the Soviet Union Deepens." would be official languages in Catalonia, was Also on that day. the Soviet government gave According to the story datelined Moscow, the passed. 12 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 No. 16 Manor receives funds from Hutsuls Manor appoints new trustees J EN KINTOWN, Pa. - Sister Miriam tion, public service and the arts, and has Claire OSBM, president of Manor served as a communications consultant. Junior College, has announced the Ms. Devlin is an assistant district appointment of several new members to attorney for the Bucks County District the college's board of trustees. Attorney's office, Doylestown. She is a The new trustees are: Sister Mary member of the Pennsylvania Bar Asso Bernarda OSBM of Philadelphia; Ro ciation and the Brehon Law Society. bert Francis Trainer of Upper Black Ms. Bescoe is a former art supervisor Eddy, Pa., Anthony Zecca of Philadel for the Philadelphia school system, who phia; Diane McMonagle Devlin and served on the Moore College of Art Harriette K. Bescoe, both of Fox Chase; board of managers. She is a deacon at and Sally Kuzma Mydlowecof Feaster- the Fox Chase Memorial Presbyterian 'ville, Pa. Church. Sister Mary Bernarda is the principal Ms. Mydlowec attended Manor and a teacher at St. Nicholas School in Junior College and Temple University. Philadelphia. She is a member of the She has taught in the Centennial School National Catholic Education Assc Na District at the William Tennent High tion, the Ukrainian Music Institute of School in Warminster and is a member America and the Music Educator's of the American Biology Teachers Association. Mr. Trainer is a vice Association and the National Science president of sales for the Roller Bearing Teachers Association. She has served Co. of America in West Trenton, N.J. on the Manor College Mission State Roman Dubenko (left), coordinator of the Ukrainian Heritage Studies Mr. Zecca served as deputy mayor of ment Planning Committee, and is the Center of Manor Junior College in Jenkintown, Pa., accepts a special check the city under Mayor Frank Rizzo. He secretary of the advisory board and a for the work of the center from Dmytro Tkachuk, president of the Ukrainian has a wide range of experience in past chairperson of the education and World Federation of Hutsuls in memory of the late Mykyta Draganchuk. The journalism, government, administra recruiting committee. UHSC at Manor is dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the heritage and culture of Ukraine and its people. The UHSC includes an . ПГЛп A To buried. He said that it was only with the archives division, a museum of arts and crafts of Ukraine and library U N A 6XGCUtlV6... help of the cemetery administration and facilities. two workers that they were able to find (Continued from page II) ment to the UNA By-laws mentioned by the gravesite which has become over-' Expresses... There should be available recipes for natural dyes, a comprehensive listing of Sen. Yuzyk; the work of certain or ganizers and secretaries; the Svoboda grown. Also buried at the site are the Rev. Dmytriw's wife, daughter, son (Continued from page 6) the various designs, their meanings and Press; and the Cultural Committee. and daughter-in-law. very beautiful and well-made, I was uses, and a history of pysanky. "These distressed to see this talent directed All reports were unanimously ap Later, Messrs. Flis and Dragan traditions which are so precious will proved. visited the Bezsoniw monument com away from the traditional pysanka. surely be lost or misdirected if we do not Those of us who do make pysanky pany in order to obtain information care for them. I would sincerely welcome about erecting a monument on the site. should strive to keep traditional colors Commendation for The Weekly an in-depth study of pysanky, whether and designs, methods and magic alive in as a book, a series of articles, or even our pysanky. Otherwise, we will not In their reports, Messrs. Kuropasand Community law and order letters to me. My address is: Ihor have pysanky, but "Ukrainian Easter Flis and commended The Weekly Slabicky, 812 Newport Manor, New Mr. Flis and Mrs. Diachuk informed eggs." What a loss that would be. editors for their work and achieve port, R.I. 02840. the Executive Committee members It is unfortunate that there is little ments. Other officers seconded the commendation. about their participation as UNA information readily available about all Ibor Slabicky representatives in meetings and activi the traditions associated with pysanky. Newport, R.I. The three-person staff was commend ties of, respectively, the Committee for ed especially for preparing the special Law and Order in the UCCA and the issue on the Great Famine in Ukraine National Committee to Commemorate jSfe TUNE IN TO (March 20, 1983). Copies of the special Genocide Victims in Ukraine 1932-33. hJP NATIVE MELODY issue are now being ordered by persons and organizations throughout the United States and Canada. Copies were sent to all U.S. senators and represen Both pointed to the near hopelessness of these committees' attempts to come to some sort of understanding with the representatives of the Ukrainian Libera tatives in Washington, and they are now tion Front who speak in the name of the being disseminated among other in UCCA. fluential persons, according to Dr. As a result of their reports and the Kuropas. ensuing discussion, the Supreme Execu tive Committee unanimously approved Monument on Father Dmytriw's grave a resolution concerning law and order in the Ukrainian community. Mr. Flis reported that he and Svo After a discussion of miscellaneous boda editor emeritus Anthony Dragan matters, including the annual meeting 17th ANNUAL UNA had visited the cemetery in Elizabeth, N.J., where the Rev. Nestor Dmytriw, of the Supreme Assembly which is slated to take place at Soyuzivka during BOWLING TOURNAMENT former UNA supreme secretary and Svoboda editor who died in 1925, is the week of June 6, the meeting was adjourned. HJIIIIIininnilllllllMllllinillllllllllinillllllllinilllllllllMlllllliniinillllllllllinillllllllllllllllllllMnHIHIIllllllllllllllllllllIti Український Народний Союз, Інк. Ukrainian National Association, Inc. | THE UKRAINIAN INSTITUTE OF AMERICA Li\ | )/Vhere? Rochester, N.Y. | PRESENTS | When? Saturday-Sunday, May 2 8 - 2 9 , 1 9 8 3 І THE 3rd IN ITS LECTURE SERIES FROM THE HARVARD | Guaranteed prizes for men's and women's team events. | UKRAINIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE: | Men's team S900.00 - 1st place, S450 - 2nd place Women's team ( 4 0 0 . 0 0 - 1st place, S200 - 2nd place | "THE UKRAINIAN FAMINE - 1933" | Organize your teams now. Mail in your entry blanks Ц This lecture will represent the single most important program of the Ukrainian Institute for Spring. Щ before May 1st, 1983 щ 1983. It will be presented in conjunction with the Ukrainian Engineers' Society of America. Щ Ц The program will consist of three parts: j5 For further information and entry blanks call or write s a) Dr. James E. Mace will update the HURI study on the artificially imposed famine of 1933, S FRANK KUBARICH, 72 Mayville Lane. ROCHESTER, N.Y. 14617 E the year of Soviet collectivization of farming in Ukraine. Emphasis will be directed to S Telephone: (716) 544-4954 5 actual experiences in the countryside. s S b) Mr. Jurij Stepovij of Chicago will present his eyewitness experience of this major catas- Щ OTHER EVENTS INCLUDE Щ trophe. E O DOUBLES - SINGLES - ALL EVENTS F R MEN AND WOMEN Ц c) An exhibit of photographs and other documentation detailing the horrors of the famine. Щ Bowler's Social - Saturday, May 28, 1983 | Saturday, April 23rd 1983 at 7:00 p.m. Banquet - Sunday. May 29, 1983 і The Ukrainian Institute of America | | 2 East 79th Street m New York, N.Y. | ШіІІІІІІІІІІІПІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІШІІІПІІІІІІІ!ІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІ!ІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІІ!!ІІМІІІІІІПІІІІ!!ІІІІІіІ No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1983 Sacramento Ukrainians hold display Washington pays tribute to Shevchenko WASHINGTON - An English- language program in tribute to Taras THE Shevchenko was organized in the parish center of the Ukrainian Catholic Na UKRAINIAN tional Shrine of the Holy Family in the nation's capital on March 13. Under НШЩСШВ the initiative of the Ukrainian in English NORTHERN Series Committee, the program was CAUFTORNJA coordinated by Theophil Staruch. niliiii,Tjn The program, dubbed "Taras Shev chenko in Word and Song," was opened and emceed by Jurij Dobczansky. The parish choir under the direction of Prof. Mykola Kormeluk sang Shevchenko`s "The Setting Sun." The principal speaker was Jaroslav Shtendera of the Ukrainian Service of the Voice of America, who gave a three- part presentation on "Taras Shev Jaroslav Shtendera speaks on Shev chenko: His Life, His Works and His chenko`s life and works and their Significance." This lecture was illustrat significance. ed by slides on Shevchenko`s life and art, prepared and shown by Mr. Staruch. program honoring Shevchenko in The second part of the presentation Washington, and the second program integrated recitations of selections from organized by the Ukrainian in English Shevchenko`s poetry. These included Series Committee. In February, it the following readings in English and organized a panel presentation on Ukrainian: "1 Was Thirteen" by Dr. Ukrainian traditions throughout the Chritine Kuzmovych, "The Plundered year with slides and an exhibit. Mo Grave" by Dr. Stephen Kurylas, "To the derator and panelists included Marta Dead, the Living and the Unborn" by Pereyma, Natalia Kormeluk and Aris- Joan Slattery, "The Princess" by Marta tida Staruch. Pereyma and "1 Care Not" by Andrew Coming up soon will be Dr. Zenon Krasulski. Kohut's presentation on "The Great The parish choir concluded the pro Famine of the 1930s." Presently, there gram by singing Shevchenko`s "The are several other programs in the Testament" in Ukrainian. While the planning stage. The "Ukrainian in choir softly hummed the melody, Mary English Series Committee" was esta Ellen Keyes recited "The Testament" in blished to present Ukrainian topics in English. English in order to reach a larger Mykola Kostyrko, exhibit assistant, and Stefania Miszkewycz, exhibit This was the first English-language audience. coordinator, are seen above with Marta Bojczuk (right) and Lidia Malenko, Maid of Ukraine, at the display prepared by the Ukrainian Heritage Club of Northern California for the annual Camellia Festival. by Barbara Kubichka On Saturday March 12, club mem MiJffl' dancers кМйР,МУЖ bers were among the more than 700 SACRAMENTO, Calif. - Ukrai people in attendance at the Interna nians in Sacramento were busy the first tional Friendship Luncheon hosted by two weekends in March as members of the Japanese community of Sacra the Ukrainian Heritage Club of Northern mento. Miss Malenko, Maid of Ukraine, California participated in the city's 29th was escorted to the VIP table by club annual Camellia Festival. president Yuriy Oliynyk. On March 5 and 6 the club's exhibit at Miss Malenko is the 19-year-old the Camellia Show displayed a slice of daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Tim Malenko Ukrainian culture and history as one of of Napa. She is a student at Napa Junior 15 ethnic booths on display at the College and hopes to become a registered Sacramento Community Center. Ac nurse. cording to show officials, an estimated This was the second year the Ukrai 15,000 people attended the two-day nian Heritage Club has participated in show. the Camellia Festival. Vice president The exhibit organized by Stefania Alex Kachmar has spearheaded the Miszkewycz of Roseville treated viewers club's involvement in this annual com to an up-close look at authentic Ukrai munity event and has represented nian embroidery, pysanky, traditional Ukrainian interests on the festival baked goods, folk dress, woodcarvings executive committee for the past two and books. Lidia Malenko of Napa years. spent hours at the exhibit^answering Mr. Kachmar said that the 1988 questions and explaining techniques festival will be hosted by the Ukrainians used in making pysanky to the curious in commemoration of the millennium of viewers. Christianity in Ukraine. Mayor-elect is Ukrainians' ally Some of the members of the Ukrainian Dancers of Mir лі. ELMIRA HEIGHTS, N.Y. - On In addition, according to Mr. March 15 Chester (Chet)Lunner was Korchynsky, Mr. Lunner has been MIAMI - February proved to be a dancers from the group to this year's elected mayor of this upstate city an avid reader of The Weekly for the busy month for the Ukrainian Dancers dance workshops at Soyuzivka, the and, according to area resident past five years. The subscription was of Miami, with the troupe holding its UNA'S mountain resort in upstate New Walter Korchynsky, the town's U- a gift from local UNA Branch 271. annual scholarship dinner-dance on the York. krainian community has a kindred 13th and performing at Ft. Lauderdale's Making their dance debuts were With such an impressive record of Lion's Club on the 19th, reported group Cristina Liebster, Tim Barna, Stephanie spirit in City Hall. service to the Ukrainian community, It was Mr. Lunner, a village trustee member Hanya Maksymowich. Gardner, 3, and Andrew Talan, 5. by far the largest ethnic group in this for eight years, who was one of the town of 6,000, Mr. Lunner got strong The dance group, which has existed Planning to attend this summer's Soyu prime movers behind the city's deci Ukrainian support and scored a for 34 years, is made up of first-, second- zivka workshops are Jim Clem, Andrew sion to approve construction of a lopsided victory over his Democratic and third-generation Ukrainians rang Dick, Stanley Prystacky, Vera Wen- monument to Ukrainian poet Taras opponent by polling 60 percent of the ing in age from 3 to 31. Its directors, glowskyj and Kathy Wisniski. Shevchenko, which was unveiled in Kathrine Hodivsky and UNA Supreme Six days later, on Saturday, February total vote. August 1981. The mayor-elect has Advisor Taras Maksymowich, have led 19, the dancers performed for the Gold also been a member of the Ukrainian Little wonder, then, that Mayor- the group since its inception. Coast Polish-American Society in Ft. American National Club, and has elect Lunner's victory party was held The annual dinner-dance, which was Lauderdalc. The group did a series of often helped out at club social func at the Ukrainian American National held at the Ukrainian American Club traditional dances from the Hutsul region tions. Club. here, raised well over SI,500. The of Ukraine, as well as several showcas money will be used to send five young ing the group's original choreography. 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. APRIL 17. 1983 No. 16 Ukrainian National Association MONTHLY REPORTS FOR JANUARY RECORDING DEPARTMENT Investments: Bonds Matured Or Sold .-. .117513.94 Mortgages Repaid 29,599.06 Certificate Loand Repaid 9,838.14 Juv. Adults ADD Totals Total „ „ w S56.951.14 TOTAL AS OF DECEMBER 31,1982 ..20.314 55,124 6,764 8Z202 Income Foe January 1983 S663.840.15 GAINS IN JAN. 1983 New members 39 97 11 147 DISBURSEMENTS FOR JANUARY 1983 Reinstated 25 72 3 100 Transferred in 3 11 6 20 Paid To Or For Members: Change class in 2 3 5 Cash Surrenders .423,84854 A Transferred from Juv. Dept - Endowments Matured ...78,00431 І з - з Death Benefits ...38,250.00 TOTALS GAINS: 69 186 20 275 Interest On Death Benefits . 2151 Payor Death Benefits 33.13 LOSSES IN JAN. 1983 Indigent Benefits Disbursed 1,010.00 Trust Fund Disbursed 185І8 Suspended 16 76 Transferred out 3 20 Total - J141.403.17 Change of class out 5 8 Transferred to adults 1 1 Operating Expenses: Died 3 93 Real Estate .28274.45 Cash surrender 38 123 "Svoboda" Operation .76,378.11 Endowment matured - 37 68 Fully paid-up 21 66 Official Publication - "Svoboda" .40,000.00 Reduced paid-up - Organizing Expenses: Extended insurance - Medical Inspections 51350 Certterminated - 1 4 5 Reward To Special Organizers Reward`To Branch Secretaries - ....1500.00 .82,48453 TOTAL LOSSES: 124 306 30 460 Reward To Branch Organizers .... 1,400 ДО Traveling Expenses-Special Organizers ....126355 INACTIVE MEMBERSHIP: Total .586.66128 GAINS IN JAN. 1983 Payroll, Insurance And Taxes: Paid up 21 45 66 Salaries Or Executive Officers .410,62458 Extended insurance 7 21 - 28 Salaries Of Office Employees ...3254638 Employee Hispitalization Plan Premiums 756437 TOTAL GAINS: „ 28 66 - 94 lnsurnce- General 125250 Taxes-Federal, Stats and City On Employee Wages .. 1553121 LOSSES IN JAN. 1983 Tax-Canadian Witholding and Pension Plan On Employee Wages ..460.79 Died 2 24 26 13 32 45 Total .568,480.73 Reinstated 3 - 3 Lapsed 3 5 8 General Expenses: Books And Periodicals ...586.45 TOTAL LOSSES: 18 64 - 82 Dues To Fraternal Congresses 5050 Furniture And Equipment ...60950 TOTAL UNA MEMBERSHIP General Office Maintenance .2,48759 AS OF JAN. 31. 1983 20.269 55.006 6.754 82.029 Operating Expense Of Canadian Office 12550 800.00 WALTER SOCHAN Total - S4.198.04 Supreme Secretary Miscellaneous: Donations .415,03050 Taxes Held in Escrow 528656 FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT Total - ...S20.316.56 Investments: Stock .2,016.15 INCOME FOR JANUARY 1983 Certificate Loans .850427 Dues From Members S316.075.79 Total -.510.920.42 Income From "Svoboda" Operation 79,758.68 Investment Income: Disbursements For January 1983 5476,632.76 Bonds S125.943.02 Real Estate 30,18351 Mortgage Loans 22,67959 Certificate Loans 1,85427 BALANCE Stocks 2,016.15 Banks 2,939.04 ASSETS LIABILITIES Total 1185,615.98 Fund: Cash ....5863,68438 Life Insurance .547,141,443.61 Refunds: Bonds .33,750,196.18 Taxes-Federal, State S City On Employee Wages 513,98353 Stocks 609,380.99 Fraternal 184,61751 Taxes Canadian - Witholding S Pension Plan : 378.01 Mortgage Loans ...2,752554.77 Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums 61959 Certificate Loans 788550.74 Orphans 286,416.6! Postage Refd 2450 Real Estate 53539758 Telephone Refd 9-34 Printing Plant S E.D.P. Old Age Home 321524.7! Insurance Refd 342.44 Equipment 218,338.67 Loan To U.N.U.R.C ...8,400,00050 Emergency .... 87,101.7: Edowment Matured 430.65 Copyrights .1200.00 Total Ц- S15.787.86 Total .548,020,604.21 Total 548,020,60421 Miscellaneous: Donations To Fraternal Fund 57,150.70 Transfer to Orphans Fund 1500.00 ULANA DIACHUH Sale Of "Ukrainian Encyclopaedia" 1,000.00 Total 59,650.70 Supreme Treasure) No. 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. APRIL 17, 1983 15. Arizona woodcarver profiled in paper TUCSON. Ariz. - The Arizona Daily Star, one of two local newspapers in Tucson, recently featured a half-page story on a Ukrainian woodcarver and the Ukrainian Catholic parish in Tucson. St. Michael's Parish, while raising funds for its own building, is tempora rily holding services at the Latin rite church of St. Cyril. In appreciation for the use of this facility, Stefan Tkachyk presented the pastor of St. Cyril's, the Rev. Owen Weitzel, a carved Hutzul cross. The beautifully carved cross now hangs in the foyer of St. Cyril's Church. Next to it a plaque reads: "To the people of St. Cyril's in appreciation. Members Timothy John Warneck of Edison, of St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic N.J., 6 years old, is the newest member Church. Carved and donated by Stefan Crystal Kathleen Dembicky, 13 months, Alexandra Lynn Sawchuk, the daughter of Branch 490 in Irvington, N.J., with Tkachyk." is the youngest member of UNA Branch of Alexis and Steven Sawchuk, is one of an endowment policy to be used for his 399 in Chicago. Her grandfather, Ni the newest members of UNA Branch college education. He is the grandson of cholas Dembicky, enrolled young Crys tal by buying her an insurance policy. 422 in Philadelphia. Her grandparents are Dr. and Mrs. Steven Sawchuk. Walter and Olga Karmazyn of Clark, N.J. Join the UNA EUGENE M. EDYNAK, M.D., P.A. DIPLOMATE. AMERICAN BOARD OF SURGERY O IS PLEASED T ANNOUNCE the relocation of his office i?O j ід/то : FOR THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY T O CORAL REEF MEDICAL PARK 9275 S.W. 152 Street. Suite 103 a Miami, Florida 33157 Telephone (305) 235-2782 office hours by appointment Monday thru Friday. Alternate Saturdays Eighteen-month-old Adam Markham (left) and his cousin Steven Chownyk, age 2, are two of the newest members of UNA Branch 94 in Hamtramck, Mich., thanks to their grandparents, Joseph and Stella Chownyk. Adam is the son of Robert and Anna Markham, while young Steven is the son of Michael and Diana Chownyk. 1983 SUMMER PROGRAM at SOYUZIVKA: TENNIS CAMP - (Boys and Girls 12-18 years) June 19-30 Food and lodging S170.00 - UNA members. S180.00 - non-members, tennis fee - 560.00. GIRL'S CAMP - (7-12 years) June 18 - July 2 UNA members - J100.00 per week, non-members - S120.00 per week BOYS' CAMP - (7-12 years) July 3 - July 16 (Same price as Girls' Camp) UKRAINIAN CULTURAL COURSES - (Teens 14-18 years) July 17-30 UNA members - 9220.00. non-members - 5250.00 DANCE CAMP - July 31 - August 13 Food and lodging - S195.00 - UNA members. S205.0O - non-members, instructors fee - S60.00. For applications and more information, please write or call the management of Soyuzivka: SOYUZIVKA UNA Estate Foordemoora Rd. m Kerhonkson. N.Y. 12446 a (914) 626-5641 Найбільш популярні українські дні року в Ню Йорку! Виступи 20, 21, 22 т ня українських груп з 4-ох стейтів Український Фестиваль ^! 1983 р. 1983 п Інформації: (212) 674-1615 7-ма вулиця і площа Тараса Шевченка, НЮ ЙОРК Приїдьте до Ню Йорку! 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, APRIL 17,1983 No. 16 Sunday, April 17 through June 26: Lost Architecture NEW YORK: The opening of an PREVIEW OF EVENTS of Kiev, continuing; Ukrainian Folk Costumes, continuing. Museum exhibit of paintings and drawings by Sunday, April 24 Easter dinner, at 1:30 p.m. in the Holy hours: Wednesday through Sunday, Irene Petrenko-Fedyshyn will be Trinity Hall on Hughes Street, 1-5 p.m. Admission: SI; members, held today at і p.m. The exhibit will NEW YORK: The armual student Swoyersville. Following dinner, senior citizens and students — 50c; run through April 30 at the Gallery of concert of the Ukrainian Music dancing music will be provided by children under 12 - free. In con the Ukrainian Artists Association, 136 Institute of New York is scheduled The Star Dusters orchestra. Reser junction with the exhibition, work Second Ave. Gallery hours are 6-8 for today at 4 p.m. at the Ukrainian vations must be made no later than shops in making pysanky will be held p.m. on weekdays and 1-8 p.m. on Institute of America, 2 E. 79th St. April 20. For further information, on Saturdays and Sundays for adults weekends. For more information call (212) 288- call Martha Soltishick at (717) 28?- 8471. and children (through April 17). For 8660. more information please call (212) McKEES ROCKS, Pa.: A spring 228-0110. The Ukrainian Museum is fashion carnival sponsored the St. NEW YORK: A concert of Ukrai Monday, April 25 located at 203 Second Ave. Mary's Ukrainian Orthodox Church nian dance, titled "The Dancing branch of the Senior Ukrainian Generations," in honor of Roma CARTERET, N.J.: The senior Orthodox League of America will be Pryma-Bohachevsky will be held chapter of the Ukrainian Orthodox ADVANCE NOTICE: held today at the Ukrainian hall. The today at the High School of Fashion League of St. Demetrius Ukrainian event will include a salad luncheon, Industries, 225 W. 24th St., at 4 p.m. Orthodox Cathedral will sponsor a ROME: The Ukrainian Catholic fashion show, auction, door prizes The concert is given by the Нго– homemade Ukrainian kovbasa sale University here will sponsor ks 13th and a bake sale. movytsia Dance Ensemble and U- today from 3 to 8 p.m. at the St. summer course, which will take place krainian School of Dance of Ss. Demetrius Ukrainian Community from June 23 through July 24. The Volodymyr and Olha Ukrainian Center, 691 Roosevelt Ave. For more general theme of this year's studies Thursday, April 21 Catholic Parish from Chicago. information call Marie Decibus at, will be "On the Eve of the Millen Tickets are available at Arka and (201) 541-7233 or Olga Novak at nium of Christianity in Ukraine." DETROIT: The Ukrainian Studies Eko, and at the door the day of the (201)969-1375. For more information about the Seminar Series given by the Slavic concert. course, please write to: Prof. Wasyl languages and literatures department Lew, 289 Wilton Road, East Ridge- of Wayne State University in co field, Conn., 06877 or call (203) 431- operation with the Ukrainian Com NEWARK, N.J.: The Mothers'Club JENKINTOWN, Pa.: A free secre 3785. For information about scholar munity Committee of Metropolitan of St. John the Baptist Ukrainian tarial science and word-processing ships, contact the St. Sophia Re Detroit Commemorating the 50th Catholic School will be sponsoring a seminar will be held at M^nor Junior ligious Association, 7911 White- Anniversary of Genocidal Famine in posthumous exhibit and sale of College from 9:30 a.m. to 2:15 p.m. wood Road, Philadelphia Pa. 19117, Ukraine will present a lecture by paintings by Irene Fedenyshyn. The Helen A. Coletti, personnel or call (215) 247-5448. Prof. Roman Szporluk, department exhibit will be open from 8:30 a.m. to manager of Ballard, Spahr, Andrews of history at 5 p.m. The lecture, titled 1:30 p.m. at the church hall. There and Ingersol of Philadelphia will be "Contemporary Ukraine in Historical will also be a bake sale, and coffee the keynote speaker. The seminar GLEN SPEY, N.Y.: This year's Perspectives," will be presented at and refreshments will be available. will include a slide presentation, a Sitch Sports School is scheduled Manoogian Hall, Room 226, Wayne All proceeds from this sale will go the tour of the campus and an opportu for a four-week period beginning State University, Lodge Service St. John the Baptist Ukrainian nity for some "hands-on" experience July 24 and ending August 20, at the Drive and Warren Avenue. Parking Catholic School Fund. using the word-processing equip Verkhovyna resort of the Ukrainian is available next door. Admission is ment. Fraternal Association. As in the past, free, and refreshments will be served. The campus cafeteria will be open this year's school will instruct The public is cordially invited. For JENKINTOWN, Pa.: An open house so that seminar participants, may youngsters in soccer, volleyball and additional information, please call or will be held from 3 to 5 p.m. at purchase lunch. To register for the tennis. For more information please write to: Olena Liskiwsky, 20751 Manor Junior College, Fox Chase free seminar, write to: Manor Junior write to: Chornomorska Sitch, 680 Tireman St., Detroit, MicH. 48228, l(bad and Forrest Avenue. The College, Fox Chase Road and Forrest Sanford Ave., Newark, N.J. 07106. (313)271-6845. public is invited to attend and meet Avenue in Jenkintown, Pa. 19046, or with an alumnae panel of graduates call (215) 885-2216 or 885-2360. PREVIEW OF EVENTS, a listing Saturday, April 23 who will speak on their work ex of Ukrainian community events open periences and t he value of t he extern- to the public, is a service provided ABINGTON, Pa.: The Ukrainian ships they participated in while attend Sunday, May 15 free of charge by The Weekly to the Savings and Loan Association will ing Manor. Presentations will also be Ukrainian community. To have an hold an informative meeting at 2 given by faculty members. Manor EASTPORT, N.Y.: St. Mary's U- event listed in this column, please p.m. at the Ukrainian Educational students will also act as guides for krainian Orthodox Church will spon send information (type of event, and Cultural Center at 700 Cedar campus tours. Refreshments will be sor a bus trip to the Ukrainian date, time, place, admission, spon Road. Presentations will be made by served. Orthodox Church Center in South sor, etc.), along with the phone J. Kindrachuk, manager of Ernst and The Ukrainian Heritage Studies Bound Brook, N.J., for the 50th number of a person who may be Whinney on the 10-percent with Center, which includes a museum of anniversary commemoration of the reached during daytime hours for holding tax on savings and M. Ukrainian artifacts and authentic Famine in Ukraine and the Providna additional information, to: PRE Shyprykevich on Pennsylvania costumes, will also be open from 3 to Nedilia program. The bus will also VIEW OF EVENTS, The Ukrainian escheat law. The moderator is P. 5 p.m. for visitors. stop at LIE and Wicks Road in Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey Hursky. An open discussion will Brentwood and LIE and Route 110 City, N J . 07302. follow. in Melville. Bus leaves Eastport at 6 PHILADELPHIA: The Ukrainian a.m. For bus reservations, call PLEASE NOTE: Preview items NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti National Women's League of (Suffolk County) 727-3325 (Nassau must be received one week before tute of America and the Harvard America has planned a series of inter County) 681-3641. desired date of publication. No Ukrainian Research Institute will regional conferences for the spring information will be taken over the present the third Harvard lecture in a and autumn of this year. One of the phone. Preview items will be publish scries, titled "The Ukrainian Famine organizational and press (publicity) ed only once (please note desired date - 1933," at 7 p.m. This lecture will committees of the regional councils ONGOING of publication). All items are publish represent this single most important will take place today at St. Nicholas NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Mu ed at the discretion of the editorial program of the Ukrainian Institute Church (24th and Poplar streets). seum is presenting an exhibition of staff and in accordance with available for 1983. It will be presented in The conference is planned for the pysanky — Ukrainian Easter eggs — space. conjunction with the Ukrainian entire day, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., with the Engineers' Society of America. The organizational committee convening program will consist of three parts: in the morning and the press committee in the afternoon. о Dr. James E. Mace will update UNWLA members and non- Kobzar Chorus, girls' choir the HURI study on the artifically members are encouraged to attend. imposed famine of 1933, the year of Soviet collectivization of farming in to present unique concert Ukraine. Emphasis will be directed BOSTON: St. Andrew Ukrainian LOS ANGELES - On Sunday, which entertains by singing and using to actual experiences in the country Orthodox Church Choir will sponsor April 24, a unique concert will be held at sign language for the hearing-impaired side. a spaghetti dinner at noon at the the Scottish Rite Auditorium in Los will join forces with the Kobzar Choir " Jurij Stepovij of Chicago church hall, 24 Orchardhill Road, Angeles, featuring the Ukrainian Na directed by Volodymyr Bozyk. The will present his eyewitness experience Jamaica Plain, Mass. Donation: S6 tional Kobzar Chorus and the nationally young girls have learned a few selec of this major catastrophe. Choir selections will be rendered for known American children's choir, "A tions in Ukrainian and the Kobzar " An exhibit of photographs and entertainment. Show of Hands." members have learned sign language in other documentation detailing the The concert, slated as a benefit for the order to complement each other's horrors of the famine, will be dis EDWARDSVILLE, Pa.: The Wo National Center on Deafness at Cali performance. played. men's Society of St. Vladimir's fornia State University, in Northridge, The institute isbcated at 2 E. 79th Ukrainian Catholic Church on is billed as a "Spring is Here " celebra The Dzerkalo Ensemble, Yavir U- St. For more information call (212) Zerbey Avenue will sponsor its tion. It will be sung and signed, mean krainian Dance Ensemble and the 288-8660. annual "Sviachene," the blessed ing that the Show of Hands choir, which Ukrainian Spirit Dance Company will is composed of girls age 9 to 14 and also perform during the concert.
"The Ukrainian Weekly 1983"