mini lesson by stariya

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									                      Lesson Plan Format (Middle Grades)

Subject: Language Arts/Reading
Grade Level: 6-8
Theme: Why Do Authors Write?

Objective(s):
  1) Find the author’s purpose for writing in different types of reading passages.
  2) Explore various styles of writing in newspapers, short essays, picture books,
     phone books, recipe books, encyclopedias, magazines, and novels.

Lesson Objective(s):
   1) The student uses research and technology to support reading
   2) Develops comprehension skills through the different forms of reading

Learner Outcomes (Life Performance Skills):
Students will be able to identify why an author writes a particular piece of work. This
will help students choose what kinds of books or literature they wish to read. It will also
enable students to be able to choose the specific kind of reading needed for a research
project or pleasure reading.

Assessment (Reflecting objectives and outcomes):
Students work in groups to identify the author’s purpose in a reading passage and
complete a graphic organizer that explains and lists four details for each purpose chosen.
They will then share their work and as a class we will briefly discuss together.

Introduction:
A scenario in which this lesson is needed would be at the beginning of the year before
starting a literature unit. Or it could even be taught if students simply questioned why
authors wrote a particular work. Begin the lesson by role playing as a student who is
complaining about reading a certain text and questioning the author’s purpose. Ask the
students to help you understand why they believe authors write and list their reasons on
the board. Then list the four reasons: to persuade, inform, entertain, or share a personal
experience.

Procedures:
   1) Explain that authors don’t usually state a purpose, so you need to pay close
      attention to the details that are given in the text in order to be able to determine
      the author’s purpose for writing.
   2) Give students the mnemonic device of P.I.E.S to help them remember the four
      purposes.
   3) Remind students that if they know the author’s purpose for writing they will
      become better readers.
   4) Read aloud three different examples of author’s purpose from teacher handouts.
Closure:
This mini lesson would give them understanding of the purpose of authors and therefore
allow them to better understand the reading. Have students keep their notes and graphic
organizer in their notebooks for future reference and use.

Material and Resources:
Choose different types of literature-newspapers, short stories, essays, magazines, novels,
phone books, encyclopedias, recipe books, and picture books. Give students a copy of
the Graphic Organizer. As the teacher you may research on line for different lesson plans
to elaborate or modify this mini lesson. For example: www.LessonPlanet.com is an
excellent site or you may also google “lesson plans” as well and find insightful ideas.
                    Teacher’s Handout: AUTHOR’S PURPOSE

 You may use this to read aloud to your students and have them determine the answer.
You could also elaborate on it and give as a worksheet for them to review what they have
                                        learned.

READ EACH OF THE FOLLOWING WRITINGS AND DECIDE WHETHER THE
AUTHOR’S PURPOSE IS TO:

PERSUADE
INFORM
ENTERTAIN
SHARE A PERSONAL EXPERIENCE

   1. It was a glorious morning in Alabama. The sun was shining through the trees.
      Alan couldn’t wait to find his fishing pole and call his friend Sam to go fishing.
      They had a great time on these early morning fishing trips. They took their dogs
      with them and the dogs would swim in the lake while they fished. It was so funny
      to watch those dogs paddle around the lake.      (ENTERTAIN)

   2. The Slim-O-Matic will cause you to loose pounds and inches from your body in
      one month. This amazing machine helps you to exercise correctly and provides
      an easy video to show you the proper way to exercise. Send $30.99 in just 15
      monthly payments and begin exercising today. (PERSUADE)

   3. The Underground Railroad was a secret organization which helped slaves escape
      to freedom. Many slaves were able to escape because of the conductors and
      station masters. The northern states were free states and slaves were free once
      they arrived in the north. Secret coeds and signals were used to identify the
      conductors and station masters. (INFORM)

   4. Sally was so happy. She had spent an entire weekend with her family, something
      that rarely happened anymore. It wasn’t like they didn’t try, but it seemed like
      with her mom working as a teacher and her dad as an engineer, they barely saw
      each other during the week. That’s what made this weekend so special. They had
      gone to the lake and had a picnic. After being sunburned from the sun blaring
      down all day, they went home exhausted yet feeling so fulfilled. (SHARE A
      PERSONAL EXPERIENCE)

								
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