Environmental Lobbyist by alicejenny


									Environmental Lobbyist
Environmental lobbyists work to persuade politicians to vote on
legislation in a way that will favor the interests of the environmental
group they represent. Lobbying can be separated into two forms,
direct and indirect. Direct lobbying takes place when lobbyists meet
with politicians and provide them with information that is relevant to
the legislation on the floor. The main goal of direct lobbying is to
influence the politician to vote a certain way on legislation that is
consistent with the interests of the group you represent. It is also
common for lobbyists to assist politicians in the drafting of favorable
legislation. Besides working with politicians, lobbyists must also
research and analyze the legislation, keep up to date on what is
happening with the legislation, and attend legislation hearings.

Indirect lobbying is synonymous with grassroots organizing.
Grassroots lobbyists recruit community members to promote the
interests of their group by holding demonstration or writing or calling
politicians. The main objective of a grassroots lobbyist is to rally the
community around a certain issue and to empower them to do
something about it. To generate interest about and awareness of their
issues, grassroots lobbyists utilize the media by writing newspaper or
magazine articles and appearing on television news programs.

Field          Politics

Job Title      Environmental Lobbyist
               PhD             Masters      Bachelors    Associate    School           Other
               -               -            Required     -            -                -
                                                         Population                    Top
               International   Regional     States       Density      Corporations     Schools

Location             No        East Coast            -     Urban                       Harvard,
                                                                          Non-Profit   Stanford,
                   Range            Hours           Benefits            Atmosphere

Working            $20,000-          Greater        Comprehensive        Office, Collaborative and/or Individual
Conditions         $165,000         than 40

Skills             Excellent written and communication skills, Persuasion skills.

                   Influence politicians to vote on legislation in a way that will favor the interests of the
Responsibilities   environmental group they represent.

   1. Princeton Review

       A Day in the Life…
Environmental lobbyists work mainly in office settings and usually
work as part of a team. One of the main tasks that an Environmental
Lobbyist, for say Greenpeace in Washington D.C., must carry out on
a day to day basis is research. They must know what legislation is
being introduced and when it will be voted on. To stay current on
these issues, Environmental Lobbyists read news publications and
blogs, watch television and talk to government contacts on a daily
basis. If a lobbyist determines that a piece of legislation may be of
importance to their client’s interests, they must research what sort of
impact that piece of legislation will have on their client’s organization
or interests.
Outside of conducting research, on any given day an Environmental
Lobbyist may set up meetings with legislators or their staff to present
their research on and discuss a proposed bill. Environmental
Lobbyists also work to set up meetings for their clients to talk with
legislators or their staff. Lobbyists work anywhere from 40 to 80
hours a week, but will work on average 55 hours a week
(princetonreview.com). If an important bill is coming up for a vote,
lobbyists will work long hours and often late into the night. The
median annual salary for a lobbyist is $95,700 (swz.salary.com).

Projected Career Outlook
The Environmental Lobbyist profession will persist as long as
governments continue to propose legislation that will impact the
environment. According to The Washington Post, the number of
lobbyists in Washington D.C. doubled from 2000 to 2005
(washingtonpost.com). This rapid growth in the lobbyist sector was
credited to the growth of government in that time period and
corporations realizing that they need lobbyists to advance their
agenda and to get their share of federal benefits. With the role of
government expected to expand in the near future and with
environmental issues becoming more important to the public, it is
safe to say that demand for Environmental Lobbyists will continue to
increase. However, lobbyists can be one of the first positions
eliminated in times of economic downturn. Those with the most
lobbying experience will exhibit the greatest job security in times of
economic downturn.

Education and Preparation
To become an environmental lobbyist all a person needs to do is be
an expert on an environmental topic. Obtaining a college degree in
law, public relations, communications, economics, or political science
will provide a good educational foundation for a person pursuing a
lobbyist career. Gaining an internship with a government agency,
environmental interest group or with a lobbying firm while in college
will help you learn more about the inner workings of government or
that interest group and about the lobbying profession. Prior to
becoming an environmental lobbyist, most people have worked for an
environmental interest group, a political office, a law firm or a public
relations firm. There are no licensing or certification requirements to
become a lobbyist, but all lobbyists are required to register with the
state and federal governments.
Successful environmental lobbyists possess excellent written and oral
communication skills, are able to work as part of a team, have the
ability to create persuasive presentations and have a strong
understanding of political and legislative processes.

Environmental lobbyist services are sought after by private industries,
non-profit interest groups, government, and scientific and research
organizations. There are roughly 3000 organizations with offices in
Washington D.C. that employ environmental lobbyists
(ehponline.org). According to Opensecrets.org, Energy and Natural
Resources was fifth in total money spent on lobbying from 1998 to
2006 (opensecrets.org). While many lobbyist jobs are located in the
nation’s capitol, there are opportunities to work as an environmental
lobbyist at the state and local government levels.
If lobbying is a career that you would like to pursue, the
environmental issues that interest you the most will help you
determine which organization or sector you would like to work for.
Private industries that are profit driven, such as the Chemical
Manufacturers Association and Monsanto, are heavily vested in
environmental and energy issues, hire professionals to lobby
environmental policy. Many non-profit groups are also concerned
about the environment and are active in the environmental lobbying
arena. Greenpeace, The World Wildlife Fund, Trout Unlimited, and
the Environmental Defense Fund are examples of non-profit groups
that employ the services of lobbyists.

Related Environmental Careers
Many Environmental Lobbyists begin their careers working for law
firms. Environmental Lawyers are similar to Environmental Lobbyists
in the fact that they must be familiar with this country’s political and
legal system. Lawyers in this specific area deal with environmental
Lobbyists work very closely with legislators at various levels of
government. They discuss, research and may even help draft
environmental policy. The set of skills that Environmental Lobbyists
possess may make them well equipped to handle the duties of an
elected government official or staff member to a government official.
This career profile has focused mainly on the direct form of lobbying.
Grassroots lobbying also plays an important role in shaping
environmental policy. If you are more interested in grassroots
lobbying please refer to the Community Organizer career profile.

Further Information:
American League of Lobbyists
Florida Association of Professional Lobbyists
The Professional Advocacy Association of Texas

Authored and Researched by Eli Rolli

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