Day 1 - MHLTC Initiatives - Regional Panel -Tony Amalfa_0

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					                    Small Drinking Water Systems
                               Program Overview

Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Public Health Protection and Prevention Branch
Environmental Health Section
March 2010
• Context of transfer of small drinking water
• Overview of the program
• Ongoing ministry support of public health units

Report of the Walkerton Inquiry, 2002

       “While it is not possible to utterly remove all risk
         from a water system, the recommendations’
        overall goal is to ensure that Ontario’s drinking
        water systems deliver water with a level of risk
         so negligible that a reasonable and informed
          person would feel safe drinking the water”
The Public Health Approach
 • Under the new risk-based approach, public health inspectors will
   conduct a site-specific risk assessment on every small drinking
   water system in the province
 • Based on the assessment, they will determine what owners and
   operators must do to keep their drinking water safe…..
 • This reflects a customized approach for each small drinking
   water system depending on the level of risk, rather than “one-
   size-fits-all “ requirements

       SDWS Program                                                                                                                                            Response to AWQI

                                                                                                                        • Lab responsible for contacting operator, PHU and
                                                            Directive Issued                                            • PHI responds to AWQI
                                                                                                                        • LRMA will collect AWQI information


• Identify the system
• Ensure it is under O.Reg.318/08                                                  • Operator submits regulatory samples to lab
• Gather information about the system                                              • Operator required to submit at a frequency based
• Issue a SDWS ID#                                                                   on directive
                                                                                   • Sample results uploaded to LRMA by private lab
                                        Site Specific
         Identification                     Risk
                                        Assessment                                                                                                                     Ongoing Monitoring

                            • Required for each system
                            • Results in a risk category and issuing a directive
                            • Directives will include site specific requirements                      • PHI to monitor sampling requirements through LRMA
                                                                                                      • PHI follow up with non-compliant owner/operators


       Outreach and                                                                                                          • May be completed as a result of an AWQI, compliance
      Building Inventory                                                                                                       issue, complaint or other reason
                                                                                                                             • May result in a corrective action, directive or in providing
                                                                                                                               information to the operator.
Types of drinking water systems
included in the transfer?
• Non-municipal seasonal residential system that
   • serve 6 or more private residences, or
   • have 6 or more service connections, and
   • operates with at least one annual 60 consecutive
     day gap within a calendar year

• Examples include seasonal trailer parks, campgrounds,
  recreational camps

Types of drinking water systems
included in the transfer?
• Municipally owned sports facilities, parks, arenas, recreation
• Privately owned resorts, marinas, churches, mosques
• Food service premises
• Places that operate primarily for the purpose of providing
  overnight accommodations to the traveling public such as
  motels, hotels, etc.
• Where a service club or fraternal organization meets on a regular

General Requirements of Small
Drinking Water Systems Reg’s
•       Notification of intention to supply water
•       Designating an operator
•       Sampling and testing
•       Treatment
•       Response to adverse test results and observations
•       Directives
•       Request for review

Site Specific Risk Assessments
• Observations of the system components, equipment, distribution
  system, the site and the surrounding property

• Reviewing documentation pertaining to the system such as
  owner’s manuals for equipment and well records.

• Interviewing the owner / operator to determine experience and
  competencies in operating the small drinking water system
• Reviewing historical water sample test results if available
Assessment using the
Risk Categorization tool
     RCat applies a general questionnaire to determine the risk
     category of a small drinking water system:

      •   Part 1 – General Information
      •   Part 2 – Source
      •   Part 3 – Treatment
      •   Part 4 – Distribution
      •   Part 5 – Flow Diagram
      •   Part 6 – Grading System (Risk Category Main points and grading chart)

  RCat and Risk Categorization
                                                       Grade for Source and
                                                        Treatment Criteria

Risk Category for Small Drinking                       A    B      C          D
Water System                         Grade for

•High = Significant level of risk
•Medium = Moderate level of risk
•Low = Negligible level of risk


Directive issued after completion
of a site specific assessment
• The directive is legally binding on the owner of the small drinking
  water system as well as any subsequent owner
• Provides requirements for the safe operation of the drinking
  water system (sampling, treatment, operator training, etc)
• The directive is in force for as long as the small drinking water
  system is in operation

Monitoring Compliance

• Reviewing water sampling test results submitted to commercial
• Lab results are uploaded into the Laboratory Results
  Management Application (LRMA) where they are monitored by
  the PHI
• Response to adverse water quality incidents, complaints,
• Integration with other responsibilities of the PHI

Ministry Support
• Develop and maintain the regulations, standards,
  protocols and guidance documents for the consistent
  delivery of the program
• Resource manual complete with all business processes,
  regulations, fact sheets, short-form wording, etc.
• Fact sheets for owner/operators available on ministry

Ministry Support
IT systems support
• The Risk categorization tool (RCat)
• Laboratory Results Management Application (LRMA)

Provide ongoing program and technical training

Ministry Support
• Technical consulting firm available to PHI’s by
  phone, e-mail, portal.
• Monthly teleconferences with PHI’s
• Self learning modules and SME’s in the field

Drinking Water Ontario

       Contact / Questions
             Tony Amalfa, B.Sc., C.P.H.I.(C)
             Manager, Environmental Health
     Public Health Protection and Prevention Branch
         Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
                  Public Health Division
              5700 Yonge Street, 2nd Floor
                     Toronto, Ontario
                         M2M 4K5
                   Tel: (416) 327-7624