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Tutoring Center 972 860 2974 Room: C206 POSSESSIVE NOUNS Recognizing the possessive situation: 1. Look for nouns ending in S, 'S, or S' in your document. 2. Check to see if the noun ending is S shows ownership. Does it tell "whose" or "which"? Rob's car (Whose car?) The building's exteriors (Which exteriors?) 3. Decide if the possessive noun is singular or plural by looking for clues in the sentence. Both of the doctors' appointment schedules were filled. Both indicate that doctors are plural. The doctor's appointment schedule was full. THE and SCHEDULE indicate that we are speaking of one doctor. Placement of the apostrophe before or after the possessive "s" depends on whether the word is singular or plural. RULE A: If the noun is SINGULAR, form the possessive by adding 's to the word. Examples: waitress + apron = waitress's apron Jones + house = Jones's house RULE B: If the noun is a REGULAR PLURAL (you add s or es to the base word), add the apostrophe AFTER the plural S. Ladies + club = ladies' club (more than one lady) Cats + dish = cats' dish (more than one cat) RULE C: Add 's to ALL IRREGULAR SPELLINGS WHETHER SINGULAR OR PLURAL (NOTE: the plural is formed irregularly by internally changing the word, for example man becomes men). If the noun is an IRREGULAR PLURAL, add an 's to the word. childrens + playground = children's playground child + playground = child's playground NOTE: (singular in parenthesis) Men (man) feet (foot) deer (deer) ox (oxen) Women (woman) mice (mouse) sheep (sheep) tooth (teeth) Children (child) geese (goose) people (person) fish (fish) SPECIAL SITUATIONS for the use of the Apostrophe for Possessives: If unsure if a noun is possessive, try turning it into an of phrase: The editor's desk…..the desk of the editor A day's work………the work of a day SPECIAL SITUATIONS: Have you seen Joyce and Greg's new car? His mother-in-law's job is downtown. In a democracy, everyone's vote counts equally. It's a shame, an apostrophe takes the place of missing letters. The champion ice skater skated perfect figure 8s. The 1920s were known as the Jazz Age. Two large Js were painted on the door. We collected only four IOUs out of forty. MISUSES OF THE APOSTROPHE: Some outpatient's are given special parking permits. Each area has it's own conference room.