Imperialism

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					Struggles for Independence
     The People Fight Back!
        Today’s Objective
CA 10.4.4: Describe the independence
struggles of the colonized regions of the
world, including the roles of leaders, such
as Sun Yat-sen in China, and the roles of
ideology and religion.
   Haitian Independence
Where: Haiti (formerly Saint Domingue)
Independence From: France, 1804
Leader: Toussaint L’Ouverture
  Formerly enslaved African
  Self-taught leader
Ideology: Enslaved Africans Should be Free
  Majority of the population
  Rebelled by force
  Second nation (after U.S.) to break free from
  Colonial rule
  First Black republic in the world
          South American
           Independence
Where: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru,
Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile,
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica,
Nicaragua
Independence From: Spain & Portugal, 1809-1825
Leader: Simón Bolívar
  Creole (Spaniard born in South America)
  Highly educated leader
Ideology: Use Military Power to Break Unjust Rule
  Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador
  Fought with José de San Martín (from Argentina)
    • Chile
  Chinese Independence
Where: China
Independence From: Qing Dynasty (Military
Empire), 1911
Leader: Sun Yat-sen
  Educated in Hawaii
  Learned Western Economics and Government
  Admired Abraham Lincoln
  Became first President of Republic of China
Ideology: Three Principles of the People
  Freedom from Imperialism
  Constitutional Government (rule by the people)
  Healthy Economy
     Indian Independence
Where: India
Independence From: Great Britain, 1947
Leader: Mohandas Gandhi
  Hindu (like majority of Indians)
  Deeply religious
  Became a Lawyer in Great Britain
  Practiced law in South Africa
Ideology: Civil Disobedience
  The choice to publicly disobey an unjust law
  Noncooperation
  Spirit of nonviolence
  1930 Salt March to the Sea
    • Protest British rule outlawing the making of salt
        Connection to
      Recent U.S. History
Where: California
Independence From: Agribusiness, 1960s
Leader: César Chávez,
  Born U.S. Citizen (Yuma, Arizona), 1927
  Migrant farm worker, 1930s-1950s
  Community Service Organization (CSO), 1950s
  United Farm Workers Association, 1962
  Grape Strike, 1965
  Hunger fast, 1968
    • Guimarra Corporation threatened violence
Ideology: Social Justice
  Equality
  Spirituality
  Nonviolence

				
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posted:9/5/2011
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