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					                        Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




Part Four




   W   B    T   L   E                 ENTER
                                Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




Language Study

  I. Word Study

  II. Phrases and Expressions

  III.Word Building

  IV. Grammar



   W   B   T   L   E
                                                       Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
Word list:

  1. bitter           7. glimpse      13. shed
  2. broke            8. harness
                                      14. smash
  3. cover            9. intimate
  4. credit           10. lick        15. strike
  5. drip             11. loaf        15. surrender
  6. druggist         12. momentary   16. sympathize




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                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.         Word Study
1. bitter: adj.                                                          Word formation
            1) not sweet, tasting like beer
                                                                            n. bitterness
 • Good medicine tastes bitter.

            2) hard to bear; causing sorrow

 • That failure was a bitter experience for him.

            3) filled with or showing envy, hatred,
               remorse or disappointment
    bitter quarrels/words/enemies/tears

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                                               Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.           Word Study
                                                    Antonyms
bitter:
                                                     grateful
             4) piercing cold
                                                     thankful
    a bitter wind



•   fight to the bitter end     战斗到底

•   take the bitter with the sweet 接受顺境也接受逆境




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                                           Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.           Word Study                        Synonyms
2. broke: adj.         without any money      bankrupt
                                              penniless
 •    He went broke.                          impoverished

     broken                                              Cf.

                                                   broken
 • a broken home                   破裂的家庭

 • a broken promise                背弃的诺言

 •   a broken spirit               消沉的意志

 •   broken English                蹩脚的英语

      W   B    T   L    E
                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
                                                                                  Cf.
3. cover: v.
                                                                          coverage
    1) to place or hide sth. over in order to hide or protect
                                                                           uncover
  • He had to cover his ears when the noise became

   really unbearable.

      2) to have… in size

  • This national park covers roughly 400 square miles
   of beautiful land.


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                                                                       Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.          Word Study
cover:
           3) to travel a certain distance


• By sunset they had covered 30 miles.


           4) to include

• The 700-dollar rent does not cover water, electricity
 and telephone service.




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                                                          Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
cover:
         5) to protect sb. by aiming a gun at the enemy

 • He began to move towards the house carefully,

   and Bob covered him.


         6) (of money) to be enough for

  • $1,000 will cover his needs for the journey.


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                                                                        Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




  I.           Word Study
4. credit: n.
                                                                           word formation
           1) delayed payment 赊账;信贷

  • He bought this car on credit.                                           adj. creditable

  • The bank refused further credits to the company.

            2) praise 光荣;功劳
  • We must give her credit for our discovery.

  • I think that he deserves all the credit for lifting the

       villagers out of poverty.

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                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
credit:
       3) sth. that can bring honor or pride to sb.

• These Olympic gold medalists are no doubt a

   great credit to our country.

       4) recognition for a successfully completed
            course at the university

• The professor decided to give him full credit for the

  exam.


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                                             Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.        Word Study
credit:
      5) money shown as owned by a person,
         company in a bank account


  • You have a credit balance of $500.


      6) belief; trust; confidence

  • The rumor is gaining credit.




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                                                           Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.          Word Study
5. drip
      v.    to fall or let sth. fall in very small drops
      n.    the drop-by-drop falling of a liquid

• The tap is dripping.

• His paintbrush is dripping.

•    It’s so hot that he’s dripping with sweat.

•    There was no noise except for the drip, drip, drip

     of water.



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                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
 6. druggist: n.                                           Synonyms
            sb. who is trained to prepare drugs and        chemist;
            medicines and works in a shop                  pharmacist
drug
   take/use drugs                     吸毒

  drug abuse                          滥用毒品

  drug addiction/addict               毒品上瘾 /上瘾者

  drug dealer                         毒品贩子

  miracle drug                        有奇效的药物

  drugstore                           药店;杂货店


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                                                       Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.           Word Study
                                                                   Cf.
7. glimpse: v.
             to see sb or sth. for a moment without           glance
             getting a complete view of them


• I glimpsed her face in the crowd, but then

 she was gone.


n.
• get/catch a glimpse of
• a glimpse of what life might be like in the future

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                                                             Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.            Word Study
8. harness:
         n.    a piece of equipment for controlling a
              horse worn over the horse’s head and
              shoulders

         v.   to control and use the natural force of sth.

  • He runs a harness shop.

  • They tried to harness the wind to generate

      electricity.



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                                                                    Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.         Word Study
9. intimate: adj.                                                      Word formation
       1) having an extremely close relationship
                                                                     intimately adv.
                                                                     intimacy n.
 • They are intimate friends.

 • She’s on intimate terms with important people

      in the government.




  W    B   T   L   E            To be continued on the next page.
                                                        Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.         Word Study
                                                             Antonyms
intimate:
                                                              distant
       2) private and personal
                                                              formal

   • tell a friend the intimate details of one’s life         remote


       3) resulting from close study or great
          familiarity

   • an intimate knowledge of Greek philosophy




   W   B    T   L    E
                                                                        Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




  I.        Word Study
10. lick: v.
        1) to pass the tongue over or under

  • The cat was licking its paws.


        2) (esp. of flames, waves) to touch lightly

  • He dashed into the house to save the child despite
   the licking flames.
    他不顾四下乱窜的火舌,冲进屋里抢救那个孩子。


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                                             Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.         Word Study
                                                  Synonyms
lick:
                                                     defeat
        3) (sl.) to overcome; triumph over           beat

 • Well, that licks everything!
   那真是闻所未闻、见所未见的事。




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                                                       Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.          Word Study
                                                             Synonym
11. loaf:       vt. & vi.
            to waste time; spend time idly                        idle

• Don’t loaf about while there’s so much to be done.              Cf.

• Don’t loaf away your time.                                  loaf n.


loafer      n. a person who loafs     游手好闲者


Half a loaf is better than none.    聊胜于无。



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                                                              Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
                                                                    Antonyms
12. momentary: adj.                                                 lasting;
                              lasting for a very short time
                                                                    permanent
      momentarily: adv.
                                                                            Cf.
                                                                   momentous
• There was a momentary pause.
                                                                    momentum
• She paused momentarily and glanced over her

 shoulder.

• Mr. Johnson will be with you momentarily.

                              (AmE.)
                              very soon
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                                                                     Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.         Word Study
13. shed:         n.                                                      Synonyms

           building, roughly made structure, used for                       hut
           storing things                                                   shack

  tool-shed                      工具房

 wood-shed                       柴房
 coal-shed                       煤房
 cattle-shed
                                 畜棚
 bicycle-shed
                                 自行车棚


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                                         Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
shed: v.
       to let fall; let come off


 shed tears                        流泪

 shed crocodile tears              假慈悲
 shed blood                        流血
 shed skin
                                   蜕皮
 shed light on
                                   阐明


   W   B     T   L    E
                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.       Word Study
                                                              Synonyms

14. smash: v.                                          shatter
      to break into small pieces, usually violently    destroy

smash a window                     打破窗户                break into pieces

smash a record                     打破纪录
smash the enemy                    击溃敌人
smash up the furniture
                                   捣毁家具
smash up a monopoly
                                   打破垄断


 W   B   T    L   E
                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.         Word Study
15. strike: v.
            1. to give sb. a particular impression

• How did the movie strike you?

• He struck me as a very hard-working student.


             2. to stop working
 • The new labor law allows workers to strike in

   privately-owned enterprises.


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                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.         Word Study
strike:
           3. to hit


• Strike while the iron is hot.


            4. to cause to sound


• The clock has just struck twelve.




  W    B    T   L      E          To be continued on the next page.
                                                         Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.           Word Study
     strike:

        5. to put sb. suddenly into a particular state

           be struck blind/dumb/silent


           6. to fill with fear, etc.

           strike fear/terror/alarm into sb.




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                                                            Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
16. surrender: v.                                                 Synonym

      1. to say officially that you want to stop fighting          yield (to)
         because you know you cannot win

• We advised the hijackers to surrender to the police.

    2. to yield up or abandon possession of

• We shall never surrender our liberty.
    3. to yield or give way to (a habit, emotion, etc.)

• He surrendered himself to despair.


   W     B    T   L   E
                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 I.          Word Study
17. sympathize: v.
         1. to feel sorry for sb. because you understand
            their problem


  • She sympathized with him in his sufferings.


         2. to give approval or encouragement to

  • Tom’s parents do not sympathize with his

      ambition to become an actor.

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                                                            Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




I.        Word Study
sympathy:          n.

• I have no sympathy for those people. They deserve

  their punishment.

• We are all in sympathy with your proposals.


sympathetic:                adj.

• sympathetic face/words/looks

• be sympathetic to


  W   B    T   L        E          The end of Word Study.
                                                Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




II.         Phrases and Expressions
List:


  1. a flow of           7. cling to
  2. be ashamed (of)     8. be down and out
  3. be thick with       9. fool around/about
  4. be up               10. hush sth. up
  5. be up to            11. liven up
  6. call it quits       12. slip off




   W    B    T   L   E
                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.         Phrases and Expressions
1. a flow of (pride)
        a continuous stream, movement, or supply of sth.
                                                                          Other phrases
 During the tourist season, the flow of traffic usually
  doubles.
 Thanks to a steady flow of foreign capital, they are
  able to expand their economy rapidly.
They know they are going to face a terrible flow of
 refugees if nothing is done to prevent this
 humanitarian disaster.


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                                          Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.          Phrases and Expressions


 a flow of angry words          滔滔的怒言
 a flow of spirits              喜气洋洋
 a flow of eloquence            流利的口才
 a flow of news of victories    频传的捷报
 flowchart                      流程图
 flowmeter                      流量表




    W    B    T   L   E
                                                            Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




II.            Phrases and Expressions
2. be ashamed (of)

 He should be ashamed of what he has done.
 She felt ashamed that she had done little to help them.
 He was ashamed to ask for help.


Cf.
          shameful conduct   可耻的行为

          a shameless exploiter 无耻的剥削者



      W    B   T   L   E
                                                          Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.          Phrases and Expressions
3. be thick with
        1. to be abounding or packed with

 The air was thick with dust.

        2. to be intimate with

 John is very thick with Anne now.


 as thick as thieves: very friendly
 through thick and thin: under any kind of conditions,
  good or bad

    W     B   T    L   E
                                             Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




II.         Phrases and Expressions
                                 Put the
                                 sentences
4. be up                         into
                                 Chinese.                  Cf.
 What’s up?
                                                    be up to
 You’re up early today.
 The game is up.
 When is your leave up?
 The river is up.
 He is up a few pounds.




    W   B    T   L   E
                                                    Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.         Phrases and Expressions
5. be up to
    1) to be occupied or busy
    with
 What’s he up to?

       2) to be equal to
 He’s not up to this job.
 I don’t feel up to going to work today.

       3) to be as far as
 He is up to his neck in debts.

       4) to be required as necessary

 It’s up to us to give them all the help we can.

    W    B    T    L   E
                                                          Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.         Phrases and Expressions
6. call it quits                                                        Cf.
     (infml.) to agree that a debt or an argument is
     settled; agree to stop doing sth.                         call it a day
  Will you call it quits if I pay you twenty dollars?
  Let’s do one more exercise, and we’ll call it quits.

call it a day
     to decide that what has been done is enough for
     one day

 Let’s call it a day. 今天就干到这里,收工吧。


    W    B      T   L   E
                                                  Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.         Phrases and Expressions
                                                        Synonym
7. cling to
        to hold tight                                   stick to
                                                        hold to
  cling to one’s view           坚持己见                  keep to
  cling to one’s hope           始终抱着······的希望
 that…

   Into English:
   那个孩子紧紧抓着他妈妈的裙子。

  The child clung to his mother’s skirt.


    W    B    T   L     E
                                                                       Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




II.          Phrases and Expressions
8. be down and out
                                                                                     Cf.
 1) (boxing) to be knocked out, unable to resume the fight
                                                                            be down with
  He was down and out in the last hit.                                     be down to

  2) (fig.) to be beaten in the struggle of life;
       be unemployed and without money

          Into English:
          那时候他父亲穷困潦倒。

  His father was down and out at that time.


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                                                       Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




II.        Phrases and Expressions
Into English:                                                       Cf.
我们班上几乎四分之一的同学都得流感病倒了。                                      be down with
                                                            be down to
 Nearly a quarter of our class were down with flu.


Into English:
我们只剩下最后五百块钱了。我们得向银行贷款。

 We were down to the last 500 yuan. We had to raise
a loan from the bank.


  W    B   T     L   E
                                                   Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.       Phrases and Expressions
9. fool around/about
    to trifle; be idle and silly

  He spends so much time fooling around that he
   never accomplishes anything.


  Stop fooling around and do something useful.




   W   B    T    L    E
                                                           Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 II.          Phrases and Expressions
10. hush sth. up
    to prevent sth. from becoming public knowledge


  He gave her a lot of gifts just to make her hush it
    up.
  She tried unsuccessfully to hush up the fact that her
    husband was an ex-convict.




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                                                       Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




   II.           Phrases and Expressions
11. liven up
       to make or become lively

  How can we liven things up?
  His humorous speech livened up our class.
  The party is becoming to liven up.
  That little performance was the only thing that
   livened up the otherwise hopelessly boring party.




   W     B   T    L   E
                                                                        Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




     II.            Phrases and Expressions
12. slip off
         to go off quietly or secretly without being                        Other phrases
         noticed or caught


    The general used to slip off and have a quiet drink in
     the bar.




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                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




       II.            Phrases and Expressions

 slip a coat on/off               迅速穿上 / 脱下上衣
 slip into/out of a dress         迅速穿上 / 脱去衣服
 slip a coin into one’s hand      把一枚硬币迅速塞入某人手中
slip through one’s fingers        未抓住;未把握住
 let sth. slip                    放手;放过;错过
 slip one’s mind                  (某事)被忘记
 a slip of the tongue / pen       口误 / 笔误




       W     B    T    L   E    The end of Phrases and Expressions.
                                  Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 III. Word Building
List:
            1. Derivation
                 Prefix – un
                 Prefix – super
                 Suffix – ize

            2. Conversion



  W     B    T   L   E
                                                                  Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 III. Word Building
1. Derivation — prefix:
    un- (不;无;非)
                     adj.   adj.

     affected                 unaffected
     available                unavailable
     adaptable                unadaptable
     approved                 unapproved
     easy                     uneasy
     employed                 unemployed


   W   B    T    L     E      To be continued on the next page.
                                                                     Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 III. Word Building
1. Derivation — prefix:
    un- (不;无;非)
                       v.   v.

       lock                      unlock
       button                    unbutton
       tie                       untie
       zip                       unzip
       pack                      unpack
       cover                     uncover


   W     B     T   L    E        To be continued on the next page.
                                                                Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 III. Word Building
1. Derivation — prefix:
    super- (上······; 超······; 过分)
superstructure               上层建筑
superscribe                  写在(信封、包裹)上
supernatural                 超自然的
superpower                   超级大国
superheat                    过热
supercool                    过冷
superabundant                过剩的,过多的
superfluous                  过剩的,多余的


   W   B      T   L   E     To be continued on the next page.
                                                                     Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 III. Word Building
1. Derivation — suffix
       -ize (使之······)
                  adj./n.   v.
    modern                       modernize
    national                     nationalize
    social                       socialize
    hospital                     hospitalize
    fertile                      fertilize
    sympathy                     sympathize
    computer                     computerize


   W    B     T   L    E         To be continued on the next page.
                                                                     Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




  III. Word Building
2. Conversion: a word-formation process whereby a word of
                  a certain word-class is shifted into a word of
                  another word-class without the addition of an
                  affix.

  house                           house the poor
  book                            book a ticket
  chair                           chair a meeting
  shoulder                        shoulder the responsibility
  weed                            weed the garden
  fish                            fish in troubled waters
  head                            head a delegation
  mushroom                        factories mushroom

    W     B   T     L    E               The end of Word Building.
                                                                Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




IV. Grammar
1. ―be + doing‖ structure


Continuous tense is sometimes used together
with adverbs like always, constantly, forever to
express the speaker’s strong approval or
disapproval.




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                                                                 Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




IV. Grammar
Example                                                                other
                                                                      examples


It seemed to me that he was always showing off.




          past continuous tense with
          adverbs of frequency denoting
          a habitual action, especially an
          annoying one

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                                                                  Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




IV. Grammar

 He was always telling stories about himself.

 Jim is constantly forgetting to clean the test

  tubes after experiments.

 My old jeep is forever breaking down as I have to

  rush somewhere.

 That old man is always helping others.




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                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




 IV. Grammar
2. as + adj. + a /an + as structure


  In the above structure, the indefinite article is put
  between the adjective and the noun.


  Examples:
    as intelligent a student as Mary

    as interesting a novel as Oliver Twist



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                                                                      Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




  IV. Grammar
Para. 1

  3. You hear it said that fathers want their sons to
     be what they feel they cannot themselves be,
     but I tell you it also works the other way.




  anticipatory ―it‖ as                     objective
  object of ―hear‖                         clause of ―hear‖




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                                                                               Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




  IV. Grammar
Para. 23
     4. Sometimes he’d stay away for weeks,
        mother working to keep us fed, and
        then home he’d come bringing, let’s say,
        a ham.                                                          parenthesis


                                              compound
                                              connecting the two
  an abstract                                 clauses
  structure of           present participle
  present participle     used as an
                         adverbial



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                                                                        Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




  IV. Grammar
Para. 24
  5. To protect my mother I’d make up stories of a secret
    marriage that for some strange reason never got
    known.




        subject of the       adverbial in the             verb of the
        attributive          attributive                  attributive
        clause               clause                       clause




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                                                                          Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




   IV. Grammar
 Para. 36
   6. It was as it was earlier, in the kitchen, a face filled
      with sadness.




subject         link verb                  predictive



                            adverbial                   past participle
                            clause                      used as an
                                                        attribute


      W     B      T    L   E             The end of Grammar.
                        Lesson 2 – Discovery of a Father




Part Four


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                         of Part Four.
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                         other parts.




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