Learning Center
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out



• The existing Biochemical Engineering Building
• built some 30 years ago to provide temporary
  laboratory space (3 years) for the Biochemical
  engineering research
• energy inefficient –inadequate insulation; poor
  climate control
• leaky roof and unattractive.
• Needs constant repair
• expensive to operate and maintain
  Western Engineering Students‟
        Activity Building
/Dr. Franco Berruti/Dr. Ernest Yanful
• The goal of the proposed project is to replace the
  existing aging Bioengineering building with a
  modern, state of-the-art, environmentally friendly,
  and energy-efficient building designed by students
  with the help of Engineering faculty and external
  advisors consisting of engineers and architects.

• The building will be used as a Western Engineering Students Centre
  with facilities to meet the needs of present and future students.
• The Students Centre will serve as the focal point for students life at
  Western Engineering.
• It will provide a special place where the next generation of
  Engineering students can learn, study, and interact with one another on
  both an academic and social level, in an environmentally and
  ecologically minded atmosphere.
• It is a sustainable development education initiative that is unique in
  Canada, utilizing groundbreaking conservation concepts and practices,
  and future technologies
• Integration of both the technological and the environmental aspects of
  Engineering into an overall learning process

Our vision is to combine the human factor
in technology with a commitment to
sustainable development, and sound
environmental stewardship embracing all
aspects of teaching, learning and research
here at Western Engineering.

  - Three Floors with no basement
  - 1048 m2 Per Floor (11275 ft2 Per floor)
  - The Green Building will be will be located adjacent to Western’s
  main Spencer Engineering Building and the new Thompson
  Engineering Building. It will be connected to these buildings via a
  2nd floor passageway- greatly enhancing ease of movement
  between key areas of Western Engineering.
  - The road running between the Thompson Building and the
  proposed Green Building will remain.
  - Building should be designed to allow future extension to its
  northern face.
  Western Engineering Students‟
   Activity Building (Cont‟d)
• Features of the Building: Three-storey approx.
  34,000 sq. ft. (11,275 sq. ft on each floor)
  - laboratories and design studios for first and
  upper year design courses and projects, such as –
  Sunstang and Formulae SAE, and WEDD; library
  with reading rooms
• Estimated Cost: $7 million including demolition
  of existing building and costs of „green
  technologies‟ according to the LEEDS guidelines

• Elevator at the back of the atrium
• Stairs at the front or the atrium
• No Basement
• First Floor –12000 ft2, materials lab, machine shop, 2 design studios,
  and a cafeteria that opens to the atrium (greenhouse/biosphere)
• Second Floor – 12000ft2, 5 concentric seating lecture theatres, 4
  conference/meeting rooms (1600ft2 each)
• Third Floor – 12000ft2, Library, 2500ft2 lounge with wireless internet
  access, offices for library staff, 10 reading rooms, offices for student
  services, academic offices (Ex. student clubs, WES, Student activities
  Formula SAE, Sunstang)
• Computerized access (wheelchair and elevator) with a public building
  efficiency viewing station
• Geothermal energy regulating temperatures
• Wastewater and grey water treatment
• Smart lighting (with automated dimming and motion censors)
• Smart electronics (computers, fax machines, photocopiers, etc. that go
  into power saving mode when not in use)
• High Efficiency HVAC, highly insulated. The building should
  perform as a “cold climate” insulated building in the winter and as a
  naturally ventilated “tropical” building in the summer.
• Waterless, low flow, composting, or biomass treating system for toilets
  and sinks
• Recycled materials used in construction
• Substantial wood construction?
• Green roof
• Rain/snow harvesting
• Solar collectors and solar cells
• Indoor air quality control
• Individually operable windows
• Design will incorporates chimney effect, heat sink, and
  thermo siphoning.
• Cafeteria Facility, managed and run in part by the students,
  will offer a wide selection of nutritious foods within a
  conservation-minded, paperless and waste-free
• Mini Green house or Biosphere
A Mini-Biosphere
  The centrepiece of the Engineering Student Centre will be
  a beautiful glass-domed “green” garden atrium featuring
  growing plants, running water and tranquil ponds. This
  common area will not only provide a stimulating natural
  environment conducive to student socialization and study,
  but will also provide a unique educational opportunity.
  Within this mini-biosphere, students will study and learn
  how engineering design of the building itself impacts the
  fragile natural environment. As students conduct water
  management, biochemical, thermal energy, and other
  studies, they will learn what it means to create efficient and
  ecologically sustainable integrated engineering designs.
  Designed by Students for Students
• Conceptual design phase of the three-year project will
  begin in September 2004,
• Initial design work to be performed by students as part of
  their 4th Year Design Project course. In 2005, supervised
  students will conduct detailed integrated design work in
  collaboration with industry- including architects and
  engineering consulting firms- to tackle the structural,
  environmental, materials, mechanical and electrical
• The Centre is tentatively scheduled for completion in late
 Designed by Students for Students

Integrated Design Process
Core Team: architect, client, CE, SE, ME, EE, CE,
   EnvE, BCE, IE plus a design facilitator
• Define performance goals at the outset
• Define sustainability goals using tools such as
   GREEN GLOBES-Natural Resources Canada
• Emphasize and incorporate team work right from
   the beginning
  Designed by Students for Students
• Demolition of existing Bioengineering building
• Recycling of materials: scrap metals; „hot market‟
  $275/metric tonne. For example, China-not enough supply
• Structural, foundation, building envelope, energy,
  materials, power supply, operational issues
• Type of construction: wood, smart concrete, precast/cast-
  in-place, steel?
Vision:Load reduction and increased efficiency: minimum
  (zero, if possible) storm water runoff; reduced energy
  consumption, use of green materials, mimimum ecological
  footprint, use of renewable energy sources, eco-efficiency
•    CBE
     -2 Groups (3 Chemical and 3 Biochemical Engineering students)
•    CEE
     - 2 Structural engineering groups - two possible solutions to one problem; 4
     students in each group)
•    ECE
    -2 Groups ( 1 group: 3 electrical engineering students + 1 computer
     e2ngineering student; another group: 2-3 software engineering students)
•    IE
     -multidisciplinary team (one student from each discipline of engineering CEE,
     CBE,MME, Software, ECE, and integrated)
•    MME
     - 12 Mechanical engineering students (4 projects to be done by 4 groups of 3
     students each)
Chicago Centre for Green Technologies
Chicago CCGT- Solar Panels
• Purpose: to reduce fossil fuel emissions released when
  electricity is produced.
• CCGT Design includes:
• ● Photovoltaic cells.
• ● Passive light designs including a green house with
  heat absorbing tiles and skylights.
• ● Smart lighting, which adjusts the electrical lights
  according to the available natural light, thus lowering
  electricity requirements.
• ● Motion-sensitive lights that turn themselves off when
  the room is empty.
CCGT Green Roof –reduce stormwater input to city
                sewer system
CCGT-Rain Harvesting
CCGT-Ground Source Heat Pump
           CCGT-Design Features
• CCGT Design includes:
• ●     A ground source heat pump and pipes which carry fluid through
  a series of lopped pipes 200 feet below ground level. The liquid is used
  to regulate the temperature in the building.
• ●     Highly effective insulation, including the green roof, was
  required to lower heating and cooling expenses.
• ●     CCGT uses natural gas to heat the building because it is a
  renewable resource.
• ●     The building is made from manly local materials (this reduces
  pollution related to transportation and helps the local economy).
• ●     Use less harmful chemical products both for the construction and
  for the maintenance of the building.
• ●     The green roof creates oxygen from carbon dioxide through the
  natural processes of the plant life.
York University Computer Science Building
York Computer Science Building
• The 9,282m2 computer science building, with 3
  stories, was designed mainly for energy efficiency
  but has many other „green‟features.
Design Features
• energy efficient in the winter and summer
• heavy insulation and lot of natural light
• open concept design with a central atrium and
  exhaust columns to allow natural venting and
  natural lighting;
      York Computer Science Building

• “thermal chimney effect”, : Warm air (daytime) rises up to
  the ceiling and replaces cooler air. Warm air is siphoned
  off using fans at the top of the exhaust columns and by
  computerized windows at the top of the atrium. The hot
  air is replaced by fresh air, which is collected at ground
  level on the shaded north side of the building.
• -HVAC system turned off during many days of the spring
  and fall days, when the external temperatures are relatively
• This climate control has resulted in an energy consumption
  rating that is 50% less than the ASHRAE requirements of
  600 Mj/m2/yr, for a building of its size.
York -The lit oval area at the ceiling is one
of the exhaust columns that vents hot air
  and lets natural light into the building.
   York Comp Science Building

Additional Building Features:
• Green Roof: low maintenance natural vegetation;
  irrigated with collected rainwater.        Used as
  recreational area by faculty and students.
• Perimeter glazing on the windows; allows heat
  control in warm temperatures. Manually operable
    York Comp Science Building
Additional BuildingFeatures Cont‟d:
  ● A large atrium space in the centre of the building brings light into
  the centre of the building and houses tropical plants which flourish all
  ● Acoustic sealing to minimize echoes and noise. (This is an issue for
  an open concept design with an atrium or large lecture halls)
  ● To promote alternate transportation, covered bicycle racks and
  shower rooms are provided.
  ● 50% fly ash concrete was used instead of standard concrete. York
  has subsequently decided that all future construction on campus will be
  done using 50% fly ash concrete.
  Architects: Busby and Associates Architects and Van Nostrand di
  Castri Architects      Engineers: KEEN Engineering (Mechanical),
  Yolles (Structural), Carinci Burt Rogers (Electrical)
York Comp Science Building-
       Green Roof
York Comp Science Building-
   York –Operational Problems
• Many unique mechanisms and features that
  require maintenance and extra attention.
• The building‟s temperature varies greatly
  depending on what side of the building a reading
  is taken. The south side is very warm and the
  north side is very cold, because of the large
  amounts of glass.
• The basement was reportedly “very musky” when
  the building was first opened, however the
  moisture levels have since been reduced.
         LEED Accreditation
United States: the most prominent green building accreditation
program is called the Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design
(LEED) rating system. This is system for defining and rating green
buildings. A Canadian equivalent rating system (Canada 2000) is
being produced at this time. It is expected to focus on the same major
areas that the LEED rating system does.

These areas are:
● Sustainable Site Planning
● Safeguarding Water and Water Efficiency
● Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
● Conservation of Materials and Resources
● Indoor Environmental Quality
                LEED Certification
•   The United States Green Building Council (USGBC) uses the LEED
    checklist to rate a building. Depending on the total points achieved for
    solutions related to the above areas, a rating for the building is awarded
    as follows:

•   Certified      26-32 points
•   Silver         33-38 points
•   Gold           39-51 points
•   Platinum       52-60 points
•   Benefits
•   The benefits of receiving a rating from such an organization are more
    positive publicity and it promotes a high quality of design. It also gives
    designers a method of comparing new designs to old designs in order
    to determine their success.

To top