NAACP___Presentation_1_ by linzhengnd

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									"To encourage confidence through camaraderie
  and determination; taking risks that ensure
                 success!!"
From the 1900s to the 1920s
               The Founders
   Ida Wells-Barnett




   W.E.B. DuBois
             Other Founders
   Mary White Ovington
   Henry Moscowitz
   Oswald Garrison Villard
   William English Walling
           NAACP in the 1920’s
   On February 12, 1909 was founded and was initially
    called the National Negro Committee
   In 1910, NAACP began getting involved in legal
    cases to address social injustice (i.e. Pink Franklin
    Case)
   In 1913, NAACP launches a public protest against
    President Woodrow Wilson after introducing
    segregation into the Federal Gov’t
           The 1920’s Continued
   In 1917, Buchanan vs. Warley, Supreme Court
    concedes that states cannot officially segregate
    Blacks into residential districts
   In 1917,Fight and wins the battle to enable Blacks to
    be commissioned as officers in WWI
   In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson makes a public
    statement against lynching after persistent pressure by
    the NAACP.
               The 1920’s

   In 1920, the annual conference was held in
    Atlanta, one of the most active Klan areas.
   In 1922, the NAACP places adds in major
    newspapers to present the facts about lynching.
  •1st successful protests against Supreme Court
  justice nominees launched against John Parker,
  who officially favored laws that discriminated
  against African Americans.




•lawyers Charles Houston and Thurgood Marshall
win the legal battle to admit a black student to
UMCP.
•After the Daughters of the Revolution barred soprano
Marian Anderson from performing at their Constitution
Hall, the NAACP moved her concert to the Lincoln
Memorial, where over 75,000 people attended.




 •During World War II, the NAACP led the effort to ensure
 that President Franklin Roosevelt orders a non-
 discrimination policy in war-related industries and federal
 employment.
  •NAACP starts a                   •The NAACP wins the
  national outcry when              Morgan vs. Virginia case,
  Congress refuses to               where the Supreme Court
  fund their own Federal            bans states from having
  Fair Roosevelt                    laws that sanction
  Employment Practices              segregated facilities in
  Commission.                       interstate travel by train
                                    and bus.



•The NAACP was able to pressure President Harry
Truman to sign an Executive Order banning
discrimination by the Federal government.
                NAACP - 1960
In Greensboro, North
   Carolina, members of
   the NAACP Youth
   Council launch a series
   of non-violent sit-ins at
   segregated lunch
   counters. These protests
   eventually lead to more
   than 60 stores officially
   desegregating their
   counters.
NAACP – 1963
  After one of his many
  successful mass rallies for
  civil rights, NAACP's first
  Field Director, Medgar Evers
  is assassinated in front of his
  house in Jackson, Mississippi.
          NAACP - 1963
NAACP pushes for the passage of the Equal
    Employment Opportunity Act.
             NAACP - 1964
U.S. Supreme Court ends the eight year effort of
Alabama officials to ban NAACP activities, and
55 years after the NAACP's founding, Congress
finally passes the Civil Rights Act.
NAACP - 1965
      The Voting Rights Act is
      passed. Amidst threats
      of violence and efforts of
      state and local
      governments, the NAACP
      still manages to register
      more than 80,000 voters in
      the Old South.
             NAACP - 1979
The NAACP initiates the first bill ever signed by
a governor that allows voter registration in high
schools. Soon after, 24 states follow suit.
Leslie Proll
         Before taking the position as Director of
          the LDF, Leslie Proll was the senior staff
          attorney of the Washington, DC office of
          the NAACP Legal Defense & Educational
          Fund, Inc. Ms. Proll is a civil rights
          litigator who practiced law in
          Birmingham, Alabama before joining the
          Legal Defense Fund. She has litigated
          numerous cases in the areas of fair
          housing, employment discrimination,
          voting rights and higher education
          desegregation. She served as a law clerk to
          Chief Judge Sam C. Pointer of the
          Northern District of Alabama. She is a
          graduate of the University of California at
          Berkeley and of the University of
          California at Davis School of Law.
          Currently, she monitors federal judicial
          nominations for a number of national civil
          rights organizations.
1980-1985
        1981
         The NAACP leads the effort to
         extend The Voting Rights Act for
         another 25 years. To cultivate
         economic empowerment, the NAACP
         establishes the Fair Share Program
         with major corporations across the
         country.
        1982
         NAACP registers more than 850,000
         voters, and through its protests and
         the support of the Supreme Court,
         prevents President Reagan from
         giving a tax-break to the racially
         segregated Bob Jones University.
        1985
         The NAACP leads a massive anti-
         apartheid rally in New York.
                                     1986-1989
   1987
    NAACP launches campaign to
    defeat the nomination of
    Judge Robert Bork to the
    Supreme Court. As a result, he
    garners the highest negative
    vote ever recorded for a 1989
    Silent March of over 100,000
    to protest U.S. Supreme Court
    nominee.
   1989
    Silent March of over 100,000
    to protest U.S. Supreme Court
    decisions that have reversed
    many of the gains made
    against discrimination.
1990-1995
        1991
         When avowed racist and former Klan
         leader David Duke runs for US Senate
         in Louisiana, the NAACP launches a
         voter registration campaign that yields a
         76 percent turn-out of Black voters to
         defeat Duke.
        1992
         The number of Fair Share Program
         corporate partners has risen to 70 and
         now represents billions of dollars in
         business.
        1995
         Over thirty years after the assassination
         of NAACP civil rights activist, Medgar
         Evers - his widow Myrlie, is elected
         Chairman of the NAACP's Board of
         Directors. The following year, the
         Kweisi Mfume leaves Congress to
         become the NAACPs President and
         CEO.
                            1996-1999
   1997
    In response to the pervasive anti-
    affirmative action legislation
    occurring around the country,
    the NAACP launches the
    Economic Reciprocity
    Program... And in response to
    increased violence among our
    youth, the NAACP starts the
    "Stop The Violence, Start the
    Love' campaign.
   1998
    Supreme Court Demonstration
    and arrests
       Charles Hamilton Houston
   You have a large number of
    people who never heard of
    Charlie Houston. But you're
    going to hear about him.
    [T]hat man was the
    engineer of all of it... if you
    do it legally, Charlie
    Houston made it possible....
   -- Thurgood Marshall
Drive
    Houston as an Army officer
      during World War I. He was
      later to write:
    The hate and scorn showered on
      us Negro officers by our fellow
      Americans convinced me that
      there was no sense in my dying
      for a world ruled by them. I
      made up my mind that if I got
      through this war I would study
      law and use my time fighting for
      men who could not strike back.
    Houston entered Harvard Law
      School in the fall of 1919.
                    Motivation
   In 1930, he applied to
    the University of
    Maryland Law School,
    but was denied
    admission because he
    was Black. This was an
    event that was to haunt
    him and direct his future
    professional life.
                                  Road To Brown
1940s
    1938: Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada invalidated state laws that refused African-American students access to all-white
     state graduate schools when no separate state graduate schools were available for African-Americans. (Handled by Thurgood
     Marshall for the NAACP before the formal foundation of LDF.)
    1940: Alston v. School Board of City of Norfolk, a federal court order that African-American public school teachers be paid
     equal salaries regardless of race.
    1940: Chambers v. Florida overturned the convictions — based on coerced confessions — of four young black defendants
     accused of murdering an elderly white man.
    1944: Smith v. Allwright was an early voting rights case in which the Supreme Court required Texas to allow African-
     Americans to vote in primary elections.
    1946: Morgan v. Virginia desegregated seating on interstate buses.
    1947: Patton v. Mississippi ruled against strategies that excluded African-Americans from criminal juries.
    1948: Shelley v. Kraemer overturned racially discriminatory real estate covenants
    1948: Sipuel v. Oklahoma State Regents reaffirmed and extended Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, ruling that Oklahoma
     could not bar an African-American student from its all-white law school on the ground that she had not requested the state to
     provide a separate law school for black students.
1950s
    1950: McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents ruled against practices of segregation within a formerly all-white graduate
     school insofar as they interfered with meaningful classroom instruction and interaction with other students.
    1950: Sweatt v. Painter ruled against a Texas attempt to circumvent Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada with a hastily-
     established inferior law school for black students.
    1953: Barrows v. Jackson reaffirmed Shelley v. Kraemer, preventing state courts from enforcing restrictive covenants.
    1954: Brown v. Board of Education explicitly outlawed de jure racial segregation of public education facilities.
The NAACP of Today…
        Confederate Flag Protest
   On January 17, 2000, the NAACP held a large scale
    protest in Columbia, SC.
   The issue at hand dealt with the Confederate Flag
    being raised in the State Capitol building.
   Backed by 50,000 supporters, the rally was the largest
    in the South’s history.
      Kwesi Mfume on the Flag




"The NAACP believes it is time for Mississippi to have a flag that
all of its citizens can support. This means one without the symbol
of the confederacy," Mfume said. "Confederate flag supporters
who are proud of the heritage it represents should understand
that this includes the support of slavery and the belief that African
Americans are not entitled to all of the protections of the
Constitution."
                    Results…
   On top of that, the NAACP imposed an Economic
    boycott against South Carolina tourism
   On April 12, 2000, the South Carolina government
    voted to take the flag down.
Riots
              Cincinnati Riots
   On April 7, 2001, Timothy Thomas, 19, was
    killed by Cincinnati police officer Stephen
    Roach
   The murder of Thomas was just the 15th
    young, black male to be killed while in police
    custody.
Rioting
   On April 9, 2001, 150-200 Cincinnati residents, including
    Thomas’ mother, went to the City Council Chambers to
    protest.
   Following a march to the Police Department HQ, at midnight,
    the Cincinnati police turned off street lights and began firing
    protesters with bean bags and gas
   The rioting took place from the April 9 to April 13 and
    afterwards Cincinnati imposed a city-wide curfew.
   The NAACP, along with other Cincinnati civil rights groups
    filed a federal lawsuit against
   The court decided for residents of Cincinnati and the Cincy
    police to form a Collaborative Effort community designed to
    prevent future incidents like this with the police
Change in Leadership
   After 8 years, Kwesi Mfume stepped down as
    president and CEO of NAACP.
   Bruce S. Gordon, replaced Mfume after a 6 month
    search on June 25, 2005.
   Gordon brings experience in the business field as a
    former Verizon CEO as well as life-long racial
    advocacy work to the table as experience
   Gordon, now takes the head of a civil rights
    organization which has over 500,000 members.
      NAACP Legal Defense Fund
   The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (NAACP LDF or
    simply LDF) is a leading United States civil rights organization. It was founded in
    1940 under the leadership of Thurgood Marshall as part of the National Association
    for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and spun out as a separate
    organization in 1957.

   While primarily focused on the civil rights of African-Americans in the U.S., they
    claim to have "been instrumental in the formation of similar organizations serving
    other minority constituencies in the United States," and to have "been involved in
    the global campaign for human rights by assisting in the creation of public interest
    legal organizations in South Africa, Canada and Brazil. “

   Their national office is in New York City with regional offices in Washington, D.C.
    and Los Angeles, California. They claim "nearly two dozen staff lawyers" and
    "hundreds of cooperating attorneys across the nation." According to their website,
    they have "more than 100 cases on [their] docket" and have "been involved in more
    cases before the U.S. Supreme Court than any organization except the U.S.
    Department of Justice."
VOTER EMPOWERMENT
                  UMCP(2004) Efforts
•Every other Tuesday we collaborated with ANQ, BES, AKA, and other minority
organizations to register as many students to vote as possible
•Invited 93.9 to broadcast from our campus outside of Cole Field House in order
to cover a wider range of people on as well as outside of College Park’s campus




•Our chapter held a live debate between the College Democrats and College
Republicans in order to give those who are not clear on the issues a broader
sense of what the previous election concerns were.
               Cultural Awareness
“A Letter to the President”, an exclusive screener was held
at the Hoff Theater in collaboration with Vibe Magazine. A
movie which was based on the correlation between Politics,
African-American urban life, and Hip-Hop.
   ASA Unity Basketball Tournament
NAACP was able to participate in the African Student
Association’s annual Unity Basketball Tournament. (We
took second place which will be GRAND Champs this
coming October)
        Community Service Activity
NAACP and Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority Inc. worked
together in order to create Thanksgiving care packages to
those needy families.
              THANK YOU!!!!
On behalf of our National Chapter as well as the Youth
 & College Division, we would like to thank you all
 for attending our first meeting.



**All pictures from last years events as well as details
   on upcoming events, how to join our national and
   local chapter, and other contact information can be
   found on our website:
http://www.studentorg.umd.edu/NAACP

								
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