http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquid_crystal_display “A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a thin, flat display device made up of any number of color or monochrome pixels arrayed in front of a light source or reflector. It is prized by engineers because it uses very small amounts of electric power, and is therefore suitable for use in battery-powered electronic devices.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active-matrix_liquid_crystal_display An active matrix liquid crystal display (AMLCD) is a type of flat panel display, currently the overwhelming choice of notebook computer manufacturers, due to light weight, very good image quality, wide color gamut, and response time. “The most common example of an active matrix display contains, besides the polarising sheets and cells of liquid crystal, a matrix of thin-film transistors (TFTs). These devices store the electrical state of each pixel on the display while all the other pixels are being updated. This method provides a much brighter, sharper display than a passive matrix of the same size. An important specification for these displays is their viewing-angle.” The Road to Convergence: In the Digital Era, TVs Act More Like Computers http://www.corning.com/lcdtv/hdlifestyle/01/digihome.aspx?article=3&pageNumb er=1 Set Back “Until recently, monitor technology presented an obstacle to the convergence of televisions and personal computers. Several attempts were made to combine computing functions with TV, but all failed because text was unreadable on standard tube TVs”(1). Versatility “As inherently digital devices, LCDs do not require picture tubes or digital to analog converters to show digital TV programming. Consequently, they can be made very thin and light. LCDs can easily be hung on walls or placed on a small stand on top of a table, desk, dresser, or cabinet. LCD panels require less power to operate than other TV technologies, so they can be used for seat-back entertainment in cars and airplanes. No other technology can claim that versatilitiy”(2). LCD Monitors http://www.xilinx.com/esp/dvt/cdv/end_apps/lcd.htm It’s Happening Now “AMLCD displays are the changing the face of consumer electronics and computer display products right before our very eyes.” Technology of Choice “Success is breeding success with manufacturing capacity increasing, prices decreasing, and adoption for good reason continues to explode. AMLCD is the technology of choice for an ever growing range of display applications.” Scalability “One of the great advantages of AMLCD technology is its scalability…Displays are readily available in sizes as small as 2cm, even in high resolution…And, manufacturers have developed the skills to scale this technology up to dimensions approaching 1 meter. No other mature technology covers this spectrum of form factors as well.” Thin & Portable “An additional benefit of AMLCD is the other dimension: its thin. This enables the integration of a high resolution, high quality, display into virtually any application so long as the XY display space is available. Depth has been reduced to almost a non issue. And along with a trim format comes low weight, a significant consideration in portable applications.” AMLCD Applications -Laptop Computer Display -Computer Monitor Replacement -Flat Panel TV/HDTV -Small Format Portable Appliances In the last year hundreds of consumer electronic products have emerged with small format, high quality, AMLCD displays. These include color PDAs, digital still cameras, new 3G cell phones, video phones, portable TVs, portable DVD players, etc. All of these products leverage the small thin format, light weight, and low power advantages of AMLCDs to enable products that have never existed before. The day of Dick Tracey’s 2-way writst TV is upon us! -Automotive -Industrial, Scientific, and Medical digital imagery Digital Video Convergence “AMLCD is an enabling technology. It gives designers the flexibility to use digital video images to make products easier to use, deliver video content, and communicate in ways that have never existed before. As such it is a digital convergence technology, finding itself deployed in an ever increasing range of products and applications.” The Convergence of Monitors and Televisions Tuesday, 08 November 2005 http://www.xyzcomputing.com/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=471&Ite mid=26&limit=1&limitstart=2 LCD Technology Trend “Though some people have resisted the move to LCD computer monitors it is becoming increasing clear that within a few year's time, they will be practically be the only option available. The cathode ray tube has really begun to show its age and is now barely a factor in consumer purchasing. In the ever increasing performance and dropping prices of LCD monitors have caused this rapid, but certainly not premature, shift”(1). Convergence/connectivity “With the increasing options and quality of connectivity the stage is set for the convergence of the LCD monitor and television”(2). Convergence |b| TVs & Monitors The growing similarities of televisions and monitors has much to the with the use of computers as media equipment and also the pressure to move to digital interfaces. Both of these factors are only going to increase in the upcoming years, but the convergence of monitors and televisions will probably never be complete”(3). Claritas Convergence Audit Shows Consumers Are Slowly but Surely Increasing Adoption of Unconventional, Innovative Offerings Phone Service Through Cable Companies and 'Pure-Play' VoIP Providers Is Beginning to Make Inroads; the Number of Wireless-Only Households Continues to Grow http://www.marketwire.com/mw/release_html_b1?release_id=99661 “As for consumers who have not only abandoned traditional land-line phone service, but all land-line service completely, the study found that 12 percent of cell phone households today are wireless-only, up from seven percent in 2004 and five percent in 2003. This trend is further intensified in the 18-29 age group, where over one-third of all cell phone households are wireless-only, according to the study.” “Consumers are also beginning to show shifts in the way they experience entertainment content, including videos, television, photos and music. Underscoring the increasing popularity of portability and convergence of electronics for entertainment, the study shows that just over 30 percent of households are viewing video content on their PCs, 29 percent are watching video with a portable video player, and 13 percent of households are viewing video content on their cell phone.” Sony offering living room convergence from two angles http://www.gizmag.com/go/4760/1/ Samsung Intensifies LCD Outreach in Americas Amidst Rising Demand http://sanjose.dbusinessnews.com/shownews.php?newsid=50654&type_ne ws=latest Samsung now has the most extensive breadth of TFT-LCD displays, from 1.8 inches for mobile applications to an 82-inch prototype targeting the HDTV market. About Samsung Electronics Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. is a global leader in semiconductor, telecommunication, digital media and digital convergence technologies with 2004 parent company sales of US$55.2 billion and net income of US$10.3 billion. Employing approximately 113,600 people in over 90 offices in 48 countries, the company consists of five main business units: Digital Appliance Business, Digital Media Business, LCD Business, Semiconductor Business and Telecommunication Network Business. Recognized as one of the fastest growing global brands, Samsung Electronics is the world's largest producer of color monitors, color TVs, memory chips and TFT-LCDs. For more information, please visit www.samsung.com. Samsung Electronics Plans Its Future EFY News Network (Saturday, November 05, 2005 4:23:44 PM) http://www.efytimes.com/fullnews.asp?edid=7678 In addition to its five major goals, Samsung Electronics has also presented its vision to lead the digital convergence revolution. -Patent Holdings -LCD -“All-in-one” Mobile Phone expansion of its Digital Media Business (DM). Samsung intends on leading the expansion of the digital consumer world Companies to research NEC Display Solutions of America, Inc., Sharp Samsung http://product.samsung.com/pdf/20030106_LCD_LineBroch.pdf Kodak dell Content players to research Window Media Player File Formats Avi, mpeg, jpg, gif, mp3, mov, wmv, wma http://www.osnews.com/comment.php?news_id=12339 Swiss army knife By Anonymous (IP: 212.143.147.---) on 2005-10-21 06:49:28 UTC I read your article and really like what that have been described there. Although I think that PDA will end up as a digital swiss army knife... that is it will be able to do all the things ... but a dedicated device will do it better. a lot better. Inteface wise that is. No one in is right mind would like to navigate while driving a car with its cellphone/pda while a dedicated device with 10" monitor could be used instead. Nintendo DS will be a better *gaming* device as those need to be broad (remeber the n-gage I say). and so on... Editorial: the Killer Gadget? Convergence Is the Key Written by Eugenia Loli-Queru on 2005-10-21 04:39:06 UTC Five years ago analysts were predicting that cellphones and PDAs will eventually merge. Many laughed at these predictions (especially PalmOS users of that time) but today we know that the future of PDAs already lies with smartphones. "Convergence" seems to be the key element of all new cellphones, even the ones that are not in the "smartphone" category: they all playback mp3 for example. It's obvious that convergence will move even further: music & video players and recorders will eventually give in much of their marketshare in favor of a one-device-does-it-all type of informational, entertainment & communication product. And Apple is definitely aware of this trend. Silly, Silly, Silly and here's why! By Anonymous (IP: 212.254.35.---) on 2005-10-21 15:13:06 UTC To me convergence is a red herring argument. We say we want it, but then when we get it we say we And finally people fail to grasp why Apple does so well. It is not about convergence, but sheer elegance! LCD Problems http://www.wired.com/news/business/0,1367,69011,00.html Apple has acknowledged customer complaints about flaws in its iPod nano digital music player, saying one problem is a "real but minor issue." Early iPod nano customers have filled several internet sites with complaints about broken and scratch-prone LCD screens. Israeli Army Sports Wrist Video http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,1282,66807,00.html Associated Press 09:56 AM Mar. 06, 2005 PT HOLON, Israel -- Israeli troops are now wearing gear that Dick Tracy would be proud of: tiny video screens, worn on the wrist, that display video shot by unmanned airplanes. Playing the Touching Game http://www.wired.com/news/games/0,2101,65816,00.html By Chris Kohler 02:00 AM Nov. 24, 2004 PT Think fast -- Mario's plummeting to Earth, and there's nothing for the poor little guy to hang onto. So you take your stylus and draw him a trampoline. Though its most prominent design element is its dual-screen display, the most compelling gameplay feature of the new Nintendo DS handheld, which hit stores earlier this week, is its touch-screen control. And although not all of the software currently available for the system makes the most out of the touch panel, it's still the feature that makes the Nintendo DS a unique and fun gadget. http://www.wired.com/news/gizmos/0,1452,63663,00.html Visual Gadgets of the Future 02:28 PM May. 29, 2004 PT Future LCD use SEATTLE -- A television sewn into your shirtsleeve. A dashboard screen to monitor the kids in the backseat. A 3-D computer monitor sharp enough to make a hardcore gamer's heart stop -- or help a surgeon start one. Cost Another big focus: making the cutting-edge technology very low cost. While some tech enthusiasts are willing to shell out thousands of dollars for the next new thing, whether and how soon more mainstream versions of these gadgets will appear in your living rooms -- or even clothing -- will depend largely on the price. Korea's Samsung is working at what might appear to be cross-purposes. Its massive 80-inch plasma screen is designed to provide high resolution at a low cost, while its tiny 1.8-inch LCD screen aims to wow users with little regard to cost. http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,1282,49602,00.html A Flat, Flat, Flat Screen World By Jeffrey Benner 02:00 AM Jan. 15, 2002 PT With Apple's sleek new iMac leading the way, flat screen displays are poised to muscle bulky TV-style computer monitors off desks and into dumpsters. History of LCD John West, director of the Liquid Crystal Institute at Kent State University, has been working on LCD technology since 1984. He says the market for flat screen LCDs grew rapidly during the '90s with the huge success of laptop computers. "Even with this rapid growth, it has been slower than predicted at matching the market share of the traditional CRT," he said. History of the Handheld written by Jennifer Park on Wednesday, November 10, 2004 http://www.g4tv.com/nintendodsday/features/49995/History_of_the_Handheld.ht ml For some it was Game Boy Advance, for others it was the original Game Boy. And for those old enough to remember “Just Say No,” Rubik cubes and Cabbage Patch dolls – it was probably the Game & Watch. But, whichever handheld was the first to de-virginize you from the standard, fixed console…it was most likely from Nintendo. Nintendo’s “games on the go” have been around for over 20 years. Some you might remember, so you might not. So, let’s take a look to refresh your memory. History of Laptop http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bllaptop.htm History of Touch Screen http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bltouch.htm Comparing Conventional CRT and Flat Panel LCD Monitors http://inventors.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.touchscreens.c om/compare%5Flcd%5Fcrt.shtml Sharp LCD History http://sharp-world.com/products/lcd_monitor/sharp_lcd/evolution_history/ LCD Manufacturers Lists http://www.manufacturers.com.tw/electronics/lcd-screen.html http://www.eio.com/lcdmanuf.htm Attempted thoughts/Writing "Convergence" is upon us. Incorporation of the ever-so-versatile lcd(liquid crystal display) into new digital products has become quite the trend. Rising in quality, decreasing in cost, and versatile in scalabilitiy, the LCD screen has become a phones, tvs, monitors, portable gaming devices, dvd players, medical and scientific tools, car gps system, ipods, laptops, etc.) is paving the way for the convergence of many new, popular gadgets and gizmos. Convergence http://www.avguide.com/cedia2005/cedia2005_convergence.html http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=convergence con·ver·gence (kn-vûrjns) n. 1 The process of coming together or the state of having come together toward a common point.
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