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Occupation Power Point
                   What they do…

   Preside over criminal and civil trials and hearings, monitoring
    proceedings to ensure that all rules and procedures are being followed.
   Rule on the admissibility of evidence, listen to testimony of witnesses,
    and sometimes settle disputes between opposing attorneys.
   Decide guilt or innocence in criminal cases or liability and compensation
    in civil cases, when the law does not require a jury trial.
   Research legal issues and write opinions on the issues; read documents
    on pleadings and motions.
   Conduct pretrial hearings to decide if the evidence presented warrants
    a trial.

   They must have knowledge of laws and legal codes.
   They must have knowledge of criminal and civil trial
    and hearing procedures.
   They must have knowledge of up-to-date legal issues.

   They must have the ability to interpret laws and
    weigh evidence to determine guilt or innocence.
   They must be able to communicate effectively with
    attorneys and jury members.
   They must be able to maintain order and efficiency
    during hearings or trial proceedings.
             Tools they use…

   Law books for research on particular laws
    and trial procedures.
   Deductive reasoning for applying general
    laws and concepts to specific situations
    and people.
   Gavel, for occasional use in maintaining
    order in the courtroom.
         Working conditions…

   Judges do most of their work in offices, law
    libraries, or courtrooms. They wear robes while
    in the courtroom.
   They typically work a standard 40-hour week, but
    about a third work more than 50 hours.
   Judges who preside over small-claims or family
    courts may work evening hours.
            Training required…

   Local judges must have, at the minimum, a 4-year degree
    and work experience; however, law degrees are preferred
    and lead to better opportunities.
   Federal and State judges must have a law degree in
    addition to a bachelor’s degree.
   Judges are either elected or appointed and must attend
    whatever orientation is required by their state. More than
    half of all states require judges to take continuing
    education courses while serving on the bench.
          Who they work for…

   Local government - justices of the peace,
    magistrates, county court judges, or municipal court
    judges (smaller jurisdiction)
   State government – General state trial court judges,
    Appellate court judges (jurisdiction within their state)
   Federal government – Supreme Court judges, Federal
    general trial court judges, Federal Appellate court
    judges (largest jurisdiction – United States)

   Judges hold about 27,000 jobs in this country.
   Average income is about $107,230 per year.
   Projected growth is expected to be about 3-6 percent in
    the next ten years, which is slower than average. This
    is due to the budgetary pressures on the government.
    However, as the economy grows, immigration
    increases, and citizens are more willing to take their
    disputes to court, the demand for judges is expected to

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