KAP Consultant Liberia

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					                                  Terms of reference
            Consultancy to lead a Child Protection Knowledge Attitudes and
                                Practices (KAP) Survey

                                 Child Protection Programme
                                 Save the Children in Liberia

Name of Project:                       Educating and Protecting Vulnerable Children in Family
                                       Settings in Liberia

Duration of Assignment:                10 Weeks

Expected Start Date:                   20 February 2011

Submit Application to:                 Geoffrey Oyat
                                       Child Protection Programme Manager
                                       Save the Children
                                       Liberia Country Programme
                                       Mamba Point
                                       PO Box 9068

Application Deadline:                  4 February 2011

Applicants should:
    Submit an application stating their interest in and qualifications for the position (in
    Provide the price offer (in USD) indicating the daily fee.

1. Background

After more than a decade of conflict, Liberia is at crossroads with a progressive government
committed to serving its citizens. The stability the country is currently enjoying has led to a
shift in programming from emergency and early recovery programs to a more
comprehensive, integrated, and longer-term approach. There is, however, still a large
number of vulnerable children in the country with the main factors that contribute to children’s
vulnerability being poor parenting practices mainly rooted in cultural practices and beliefs, a
lack of awareness of key protection issues, sexual abuse and exploitation of girls, high levels
of poverty often leading to child labour as well as unnecessary institutionalization of children,
child trafficking and general lack of community support and mechanisms to address abuse.
All these is further compounded by a general lack of access for children to education and
health services often due to remoteness and inability of the state to provide for all its citizens.
Programs for supporting vulnerable children must therefore look at how best to support
families in a wider social protection approach aimed at strengthening coping mechanisms of
children and their families.

The main factor that impedes relevant action for vulnerable children at community level is
rooted in negative cultural practices and beliefs and a general lack of awareness of key
protection issues. A deep seated cultural practice such as female genital mutilation is difficult
to change as the various communities who practice it do not want to discuss it. Children are
largely left to fend for themselves at a very early age and the community perceptions of key

concerns like sexual abuse of teenage girls, working children and unnecessary
institutionalization of children is quite accommodative of excesses. All this is further
compounded by a general lack of access for children to education and health services which
are important for programming.

In terms of programming at the County levels, the Department of Social Welfare which is
responsible for oversight in terms of all programs for vulnerable children have only one staff
per county known as the Social Welfare Supervisor. The few positions are further
compounded by a lack of qualified people for child protection work in most areas outside
Monrovia. There is thus a complete lack of data on vulnerable children to guide and inform
programming at all levels as well as a lack of experience on case management. However, on
the positive side, there is a general resilience and strength of families and communities who
have gone through a lot of hardships and a general lack of services since the conflict. There
a number of community and women’s groups, PTA’s, local cultural leadership who are
interested in improving the conditions in their communities including that of children.

Save the Children has received support from USAID/DCOF to deliver a 4-year programme to
enhance protection systems for vulnerable children with a focus on those without adequate
parental care. Save the Children and its partners will address the causes of violence and
abuse against children and family separation, and, where urgently required, respond to
immediate protection concerns, improving the protection environment for children in the
selected counties where the problem is highest. These include 12 districts from 6 counties of
Grand Cape Mount, Bomi, Margibi, Gbarpolu, Bong, and parts of Montserrado.

Central to this approach is the recognition that children at risk of and affected by various
forms of violence and abuse must be considered in their entirety, in relation to their specific
protection needs but also their access to quality education and healthcare, to a family with
the economic and social capital to support them. The proposed project will therefore give a
strong emphasis to family and community understanding of children and their rights as a
precursor for establishing motivation and a skills base able to ensure the care and protection
of children; improve service delivery mechanisms for children without adequate family care;
support economic strengthening of vulnerable families as an integral part of the intervention
to enable them better care for their children and at the community level; and work with
education and health authorities to improve the access in hard to reach areas by involving
community leaders and members in discussing available options and making the
governments accountable to them.

The project will reach an estimated 30,000 children and 14,000 adults directly. These will
comprise of vulnerable children living in care institutions and in the streets, children out of
schools and those needing to rejoin or learn a vocational skill, working children, those living
in extremely poor families as well as other community children benefiting from prevention
services due to improved protection structures and services. In addition, approximately
50,000 other vulnerable children will be reached indirectly with general improvement to
protection and other services as well as information services in target districts.

The project will give a strong emphasis to family and community understanding of children
and their rights as a precursor for establishing motivation and a skills base able to ensure the
care and protection of children. In order to inform this component of the work, Save the
Children is commissioning a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey to look at the current
perceptions, practices, laws and policies relevant to child rights and child protection in Liberia
(with a focus on the target Counties). This will inform the design of an information and
communication strategy meant to improve the public understanding of protection issues for
children and improve practice. The survey findings will also be used as a baseline for
evaluating the achievement of the project, and the survey will be repeated at the project end
to measure change in public understanding and behaviour over the four year project period.

2. Objectives of the KAP Survey

The key objectives of the KAP Survey are:

   1) To gather selected baseline information on the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of
       children and duty bearers with regards to child protection in Save the Children’s
       operational communities in Liberia.

   2) To explore children and duty bearers’ knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours with
       regards to children’s right to protection and to identify barriers or enabling factors that
       may contribute to violations of children’s right to protection and children’s access and
       willingness to use prevention and response services.

The findings from the KAP survey are expected to be a useful guide for decision makers in
Save the Children, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, USAID Liberia, other donors
and local partners for future child protection programmes in Liberia and will be shared with
all key stakeholders.

The findings of the survey will be used to:
      Assess local levels of knowledge, awareness and practice with regard to child
      Establish the barriers and enabling factors to accessing child protection prevention
       and response services in the target areas;
      Assist in identifying areas of greatest need in terms of prevalence of child protection
       violations, lack of awareness and access to prevention and response services for
       programme planning;
      Inform the development of a community-level information education campaign on
       child protection issues;
      Identify additional local child protection service providers, community based
       mechanisms and NGOs offering services to the target communities;
      Provide a baseline against which to measure achievements of the project at the end
       of the 4-year grant period;

The KAP survey will ideally cover all operational areas for the project: 12 districts from 6
counties of Grand Cape Mount, Bomi, Margibi, Gbarpolu, Bong, and parts of Montserrado.
The final geographic coverage of the survey will be discussed and finalised between the
Consultant and Save the Children during the planning phase of work.

3. Methodology

The methodology for the KAP survey will combine quantitative and qualitative approaches
      Literature review (including research reports, internal monitoring reports,
        assessments and evaluations, guidelines, protocols, partners’ documentation, etc)
      A population-based household survey;
      Key informant interviews; and
      Group discussions.

The Consultant will be expected to initially review the terms of reference and available data
as well as discuss the purpose of the survey with the Protection Programme Manager, in
order to indentify gaps and propose appropriate sources or methods for data collection. The
final survey design and data collection tools will be agreed between with Save the Children
during the planning phase of the consultancy.

The KAP survey process must address ethical considerations including safeguarding,
informed consent, confidentiality issues, age appropriate questioning, interviewer skills, and
a reporting mechanism for the research.

4. Roles and responsibilities of the Consultant, KAP Survey Team and Save the

The KAP Survey team will consist of the external consultant (the team leader) and a team of
researchers in each county (total number to be decided). Save the Children’s Protection
Programme Manager in Monrovia will be the main contact person for the KAP Survey team.
Technical input and support will also be provided by the Monitoring and Evaluation Officer
based in Monrovia and the Child Protection Learning and Impact Assessment Adviser based
in the UK. USAID Liberia through World Learning who are funding the project will be
consulted from time to time as key stakeholders

With support from team members mentioned above and in consultation with Save the
Children, the Consultant is expected to complete the following activities:

      Develop and finalise the survey protocol, including the following:
               Survey methodology
               Sampling plan including geographic coverage
               Plan for data collection and management
               Plan for data analysis
               Plan for ethical review
               Plan for protecting confidentiality and observing informed consent
               Assessment of risks and benefits for participants
               Budget
               Work plan
      Design, field-test and finalise the survey instruments
      Train survey staff in interviewing techniques, household and participant recruitment,
       administering informed consent, survey ethics, the survey process, attitudes towards
       child protection, data editing, form completion, note-taking and quality control
      Lead and coordinate the supervision of the data collection within selected
       geographical areas, including quality assurance of data collected
      Oversee data entry and cleaning of all data captured
      Lead the data analysis
      Ensure skill transfer by providing on the job training and mentoring to survey team at
       all stages of the consultancy
      Present preliminary findings to the Country Office (and other stakeholders) for review
       and discussion and initiate process of action planning based on recommendations
      Finalise the survey report with programme recommendations, including suggestions
       for dissemination of report findings and considerations for repeating the KAP survey
       at the project end-point.

Save the Children will facilitate and provide all arrangements and support services/facilities
for the work of the consultant in Liberia. These include:
      Provision of background and reference documents;
      Provision of transport service for the work, including airport pick up and dropping
      Provision of accommodation at a Save the Children Guesthouse or hotel as
        applicable during the entirety of the Consultancy;
      Provision of working space within Save the Children’s office in Monrovia and field

      Providing translation (interpreter) for the Consultant’s field work as required;
      Ensuring the procedures and requirements from authorities (government and
       traditional) to collect information, to gather and meet with communities and
       community structures are fulfilled;
      Facilitating contacts and meetings with relevant stakeholders, which includes
       organizing meetings with different community groups as required;
      Provide the necessary staff as part of the KAP Survey team; and,
      Organising recruitment of survey team as necessary.

Key reference documents available which Save the Children will share with the Consultant
     The project proposal
     Child Protection Thematic Programme Plan
     Child Rights Situation Analysis

5. Timetable and process

Below is a draft timetable for the project. A detailed final work plan will be proposed and
negotiated between the Consultant and Save the Children.

Activity                                                               Completion date
Project start date                                                     13 February 2011
Planning                                                               21 February 2011
Data collection                                                        21 March 2011
Data input and cleaning                                                28 March 2011
Data analysis                                                          4 April 2011
Submission of draft report                                             11 April 2011
Submission of final report and deliverables                            25 April 2011

6. Deliverables:

The Consultant will deliver the following outputs:
    Proposed work plan and budget for survey process
    The survey protocol and field-tested data collection instruments
    A cleaned and fully coded dataset
    Draft survey report
    Final survey report (by 25 April 2011)
    Dissemination materials: 2-page executive summary of survey findings; Power Point
      presentation summarizing survey findings and process

7. Terms and conditions:

The Consultant is expected to submit a technical and financial proposal for the work. Local
transport costs in Liberia and flight costs to Liberia if required will be covered by Save the
Children. Costs of the local team members and all costs related to data collection,
translation, meetings, workshops and printing will also be covered by Save the Children.

8. Person Specification of the Consultant:

Functional and Personal Competencies
    Expert knowledge and practical experience in child protection issues in developing
       countries, preferably in West Africa

      At least 5 years of practical experience in quantitative and qualitative research
      Extensive experience in survey design including sampling
      Extensive experience in data management and analysis
      Proficient in the application of software statistical packages such as: SPSS, STATA
      Proven training and facilitation skills
      Experience of coordinating diverse teams and communicating with individuals/groups
       at all levels
      Strong analytical, presentation and writing skills in English

    Post graduate degree in child/social protection, statistics, social sciences or other
        related areas
    Demonstrated experience in international project management, in particular social
        research functions
    Demonstrated experience in international Child Protection programming

    Demonstrates strong commitment to Save the Children’s Mission, Vision and Values.
      Previous experience with child rights programming will be an advantage.
    Displays cultural, gender, religion, race, nationality, age sensitivity and fully complies
      with Save the Children’s Child Protection Policy and Guidelines.

Applicants should:
    Submit an application stating their interest in and qualifications for the position (in
    Provide the price offer (in USD) indicating the daily fee.

Deadline for submission of applications: 4 February 2011