Gandhi by linzhengnd

VIEWS: 63 PAGES: 13

									        • Historical Background
           •Gandhi’s Biography
             • The Salt March
         • India's Independence
• Another example of civil disobedience
       • Cuttings from the movie
• 18th century: The British East-India-
  Company, a union of traders, was founded
  in India
• traders had support of the British crown
     India was subjected1 to a viceroy2 who
      had his own board3                          The flag of British India
• A part of this board was Indian, appointed4
  by the viceroy, because Britain couldn't rule
  alone over millions of people                   Annotations:
     Britain transferred to5 Indian landlords    1: unterworfen   4: ernannt
      the right to handle taxes
                                                  2: Vizekönig     5: übertragen
• Britons educated Indians as officials in a
  British college                                 3: Gremium
 taxes financed the wars of
  conquest1 in Afghanistan and
  Burma, the military and the
  enlargement2 of the British
  empire
 Economy3 strived4, too, because
  at the time of the American Civil
  War Indian cotton5 replaced6 the
  American one
 in the First and Second World
  War India’s economy flourished7,
  too, but the British routes of
  trade were cut off                      Flag of the Indian empire
     Britain was dependent on
      India                             Annotations:
        the colony India was very      1: Eroberungskriege   5: Baumwolle
           profitable for the British   2: Vergrößerung       6: ersetzen
           Empire                                             7: aufblühen
                                        3: Wirtschaft

                                        4: gedeihen
                                  Important stages in his life
                                  • 2nd October 1869: Mohandas
                                    Karamchand Gandhi was born in
                                    Porbandar, India
                                  • When he was 13, Gandhi
                                    marries Kasturba (13)
                                  • Gandhi went to London to study
                                    law
                                  • 1893: Gandhi went to South
                                    Africa
                                  • He stayed for 21 years to secure
                                    rights for the Indians in South
                                    Africa

The young Mohandás Karamchand Gándhí
                                    • He developed the concept
                                      „Satyagraha“
                                    • 1915: Gandhi returned to India
                                      and became the leader of the
                                      Indian nationalist movement
                                    • 12.03.1930: Gandhi and his
                                      confederates started the Salt
                                      March
                                    • 15.08.1947: at the end of a trial
                                      between Gandhi and the viceroy
                                      of England India became
                                      independent
                                    • 30.01.1947: Gandhi is killed by a
                                      nationalistic Hindu


The lawyer Gándhí in South Africa
The last picture, which was taken of Gandhi before he were killed
                               • From Ashram Ahmedabad to
                                 the Arabic sea (200 miles)
                               • They needed 24 days to reach
                                 the sea
                               • Important aim: Showing the
                                 Britons their injustice
                               • Every Indian should oppose to
                                 the salt monopoly
                               • They sold the salt without tax
                               • 50,000 Indians were arrested
Gandhi during the Salt March   • The Salt March resulted in
                                 India's Independence
• educated lawyers became
  revolutionists
• Gandhi founded the Indian
  national congress with
  Jawaharlal Nehru, a union of
  Indian Hindus and Muslims
• Britain tried to divide the
  independence movement by
  giving India more
  independence and using
  religious tensions between
  Hindus and Muslims
• Britain refused to give India
  independence, though they had
  confirmed to do this in 1941
• tensions between the Hindu
  majority and the Muslim
  minority increased due to
  cultural nationalism in the
  Hindu population
• after the World War Two Britain       Gandhi in India
  was not sure wether to give
  India independence or to keep
  a little bit of control, but things
  had developed too fast
    Lord Mountbatten arranged
       India’s independence and
       division into Pakistan and
       India
    India became independent
       in August 1947                     India‘s Flag
      • The Anti Atomic Power movement

• Anti Atomic Power movement
  was formed in Germany in the
  70s of the last century
• common demand: atomic plants
  should be completely shut down
  immediately
• their reasons: e.g. safety or the
  problematic disposal of atomic
  waste

                                      The anti atomic power sun
• protest forms: demonstrating,
  sabotaging, changing the
  power provider, occupying the
  site of a new atomic plant and
  also of course blockading e.g.
  they make sit ins or link
  themselves up
• Blockades are a protest form,
  which are also based on civil
  disobedience

								
To top