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Source Water Protection in Berks County

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					SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS
COUNTY




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Overview of Source
   Water Protection in Berks County
    • Major sources of contamination included (PA DEP
      source water assessments Year ??):
         –   Abandoned Mine Drainage
         –   Agricultural Practices
         –   Urban/Suburban Storm Water Runoff
         –   Sewage Overflows
         –   Transportation Accidents
    • Protection priorities included:
         – Land areas within a 5 hour time of travel to an intake
         – Sub-watersheds along the Schuylkill River and across
           the northwestern portion of the county

Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Potential Sources of Pollution




      Fires &             Wastewater              Agriculture                             Sewer
                                     Construction
     Accidents            Discharge                 Runoff                               Overflows




                             Dam
      Tire Piles                                Road Salt                 Algae            Wildlife
                           Sediments


Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Berks County Water Intakes
   in the Schuylkill Watershed
      • 8 drinking water utilities have surface water
        treatment plants
            –   Auburn Borough Municipal Authority (2)
            –   Birdsboro Municipal Authority (4)
            –   Boyertown Municipal Authority (3)
            –   Hamburg Borough (1)
            –   Hamburg Center (3)
            –   Reading Area Water Authority (2)
            –   Wernersville State (2)
            –   Western Berks Water Authority (1)


Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Map of Schuylkill River with intakes




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Municipal Roles in
   Source Water Protection
   • Human activity
     impacts water quality
         – Development,
           farming, roadway and
           domestic sewerage
           and other activities
           can all have negative
           effects on stream
           quality




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Population Changes in the Berks County
   Region Changes in Population 1990 - 2000




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
                                                                                                                                        Change in Area (%)




                                                                                                                                        0%
                                                                                                                                        1%
                                                                                                                                        2%
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                                                                                                                                        4%
                                                                                                                                        5%
                                                                                                                                        6%
                                                                                                                                        7%
                                                                                                                                        8%
                                                                                                                                        9%
                                                                                                                    Little Schuylkill

                                                                                                                   Upper Schuylkill

                                                                                                                     Maiden Creek

                                                                                                                Tulpehocken Creek
                                                                                                                                                                   Berks County




                                                                                                                   Allegheny Creek

                                                                                                                 Middle Schuylkill 3

                                                                                                                         Hay Creek

                                                                                                                  Monocacy Creek

                                                                                                                 Manatawny Creek




                                                                                    Residential
                                                                                                                                                      Downstream




                                                                                                                      French Creek

                                                                                                    Majorshed    Middle Schuylkill 2


                                                                                    Commercial
                                                                                                                   Pickering Creek

                                                                                                                 Perkiomen Creek

Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council                                      Valley Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY




                                                                                                                 Middle Schuylkill 1

                                                                                                                Wissahickon Creek

                                                                                                                   Lower Schuylkill
                                                                                                                                                                                  Changes in Developed Lands 1990 - 2000




                                                                                                  Entire Schuylkill Watershed
 http://www.eacnetwork.org
                                                                                                                                            % Developed or impaired
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                                                                                                                                      10%
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                                                                                                                                                         40%
                                                                                                                                                               50%
                                                                                                                                                                      60%
                                                                                                                                                                            70%
                                                                                                                                                                                                 80%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                90%
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     & Stream Impairments




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Schuylkill River Landuse




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Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council
                                                                                                              ke ll 3
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY




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                                                                                                                                                                                                  % Developed




                                                                                                                      ylk
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                                                                                                                                                                             % Impaired (2003)
                                                                                                                                                                      AMD




 http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Berks County Land Cover 2000




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Source Water Protection
   in the Tulpehocken Creek Region

      • Home to over 62,000 people
      • 66% agriculture, 8% developed, 24% forested
      • 219 square miles
      • Blue Marsh Lake is a major
        recreational resource for
        swimming, boating, fishing,
        hiking and biking
      • Western Berks Water
        Authority Intake,
        Wernersville Intake

Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Impaired Streams Map




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Runoff Protection Areas
   Tulpehocken and Wernersville Intakes:
      • Bern, Penn, Bernville, Jefferson,
        North Heidelberg, Lower
        Heidelberg, South Heidelberg,
        Heidelberg and Marion Townships
      • Source Water Protection
        Resources
            – The Tulpehocken Creek
              Conservation Plan
            – Source Water Assessments for
              Western Berks and Wernersville



Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

  Source Water Protection Zones for Western
  Berks and Wernersville Intakes




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Protection Areas
   for the Schuylkill Watershed




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Source Water Protection
   in the Maiden Creek Region
      • Home to over 37,000 people
      • 58% agriculture, 4% developed, 34% forested
      • 216 square miles
      • Lake Ontelaunee is a major
        recreational resource for
        fishing, hiking and biking
      • Lake Ontelaunee and
        Maiden Creek supply
        Reading Area Water
        Authorities drinking water


Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Impaired Streams Map




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Runoff Protection Areas for
   Reading Area Water Authorities Intakes
      • Richmond, Greenwich, Perry, Windsor, Albany,
        Maiden Creek and Ontelaunee Townships
      • Source Water Protection Activities
            – RAWA developing a Source Water Protection Plan
            – Kutztown developing a Wellhead Protection Plan
            – Schuylkill Action Network implementing
              streambank restoration projects in the watershed.




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Protection Areas
   for the Schuylkill Watersheds




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Source Water Protection in the
   Monocacy and Manatawny Region
      •   Home to over 33,000 people
      •   53% agriculture, 5% developed, 41% forested
      •   117 square miles
      •   Ironstone Creek,
          Popodickon Reservoir and
          Trout Run Reservoir supply
          drinking water to the
          Boyertown Water Authority




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Impaired Streams Map




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Runoff Protection Areas for
   Reading Area Water Authorities Intakes
       Earl, Colebrookdale and lower Pike Townships
        and the Borough of Boyertown




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Source Water Protection
   Zones for Boyertown




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Protection Areas
   for the Schuylkill Watershed




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Source Water Protection in
   the Hay and Allegheny Region
      •   Home to 9700 people
      •   28% agriculture, 4% developed, 67% forested
      •   4 square miles –
      •   Birdsboro Reservoirs




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

  Water Intakes and Impaired Streams in the
  Hay and Allegheny Watershed Region




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Runoff Protection Areas –
   Birdsboro Municipal Authority
      • Hay Creek Watershed – Robeson, Union and New
        Morgan Townships
      • Birdsboro Municipal Authority is developing a
        Source Water Protection Plan, will want to work
        with Municipal Officials




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Source Water Protection Zones, Birdsboro
   and Pottstown Intakes




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Priority Protection Areas for Schuylkill
   Watershed




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Practicing Source Water Protection …
      • Immediate Intake Areas (less than ½ mile
        upstream from intake)
            – preserve open land/buffers




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Practicing Source Water Protection …
   (Cont.)
      • High Priority Areas (less than 5 hour travel time
        and within ¼ mile of streambank)
            – preserve buffers, connect buffers, reclaim buffers
            – enhanced storm water Best Management Practices
                 • redevelopment should include BMPs
                 • public properties have “gold standard” BMPs
            – stricter controls for runoff (ordinances) (no buffer
              bypassing)
            – limit development to low impact activities, redirect
              to areas further from the drinking water intake
            – no floodplain development (FEMA buyouts)

Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Practicing Source Water Protection …
      • Moderate Priority Areas (between 5 and 25 hours
        of travel time)
            – Continue to preserve buffers whenever possible
            – General development preferred, with buffer
              restrictions
      • Connection of High Priority Areas from one intake
        to another




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Practicing Source Water Protection …
   (Cont.)
      • Other Items To Consider
            –   Synergy with regional “trails”
            –   Sewer system capacity and sewer overflows
            –   Coordination with Storm Water Requirements
            –   “Green Infrastructure”
            –   Costs of fixing impaired streams (100’s of $$$
                millions)




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   What’s In Your Water Supply?




Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
SOURCE WATER PROTECTION IN BERKS COUNTY

   Credits

        This (workshop, brochure, video, etc.)
       has been funded (or partially funded) by
            the League of Women Voters of
         Pennsylvania Citizen Education Fund
         through a Section 319 Federal Clean
              Water Act grant from the US
           Environmental Protection Agency
             administered by Pennsylvania
       Department of Environmental Protection.


Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org
              End Of Presentation



Environmental Advisory Council Network, A Project of the PA Environmental Council   http://www.eacnetwork.org