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Use of Codes and Standards and Conformity Assessment Programs (PowerPoint)

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					 Brazil’s Use of Codes and Standards
    and Conformity Assessment
Programs for the Oil and Gas Industry




                         LUIZ MOSCHINI DE SOUZA 2010
BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE DOCUMENTATION



                                  CONGRESS




                                  GOVERNMENT




                                  STANDARDIZING
                                  ASSOCIATION,
                                  COMPANIES


                                                  2
           ELUCIDATION


• FOR EACH TYPE OF ACTIVITY STRUCTURE IS
  MAINTAINED BUT LAWS, REGULATIONS AND
  STANDARDS CHANGE.

• THIS PRESENTATION IS FOCUSED FOR
  CONSTRUCTION, ASSEMBLY, MAINTENANCE AND
  INSPECTION


                                           3
 BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE DOCUMENTATION
Manufacturing / Assembly / Maintenance / Inspection

                                            LEI 6.514 /1977
             LAW



                                         MINISTERIAL ORDINANCE
                                         MTE > NR-13 E NR-30
          DIRECTIVES                     INMETRO > 349 e 451
                                         ANP



                                            ABNT, API, ASME
                                            PETROBRAS .....
      STANDARDS
                                                              4
DISTRIBUTION
OF COMPANIES
 USED AS THE
BASIS FOR THIS
PRESENTATION
     SPIE


46 COMPANIES THAT HAVE
 INSERVICE INSPECTION
    CERTIFICATE BY IBP
                     5
               MAIN SAMPLE DATA
•    12 - OIL REFINERIES
•    11 - OIL EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION UNITS
•    13 - PETROCHEMICAL UNITS
•    04 - TRANSFER OIL AND GAS UNITS (TRANSPETRO)
•    04 - FERTILIZER PLANTS
•    02- CHEMICA PLANTS (BASF AND BAYER)

    150.000   CONTROLLED EQUIPMENT
    177       BOILERS
    41.500    PRESSURE VESSEL
    51.700    PRESSURE SAFETY VALVES
    45.000    PIPING SYSTEMS
    875       PIPELINES
                                                    6
             MAIN SAMPLE DATA
             MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF BOILERS

PRESSURE RANGE            10 to 200 kgf/cm2   (140 to 2.850 psi)

CAPACITY RANGE            5 to 400 ton./h

FUEL                      OIL, NATURAL GAS AND COAL (ONLY TWO)




          MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

PRESSURE RANGE            VACUUM to 2.000 kgf/cm2     (0 to 28.500 psi)

TEMPERATURE RANGE         -180°C to 800°C     (-290°F to 1.480 °F)

CONTENT                   HIDROCARBON, H2, STEAM, WATER etc.




                                                                          7
             ABOUT REGULATIONS
• LAW 6.514 (1977) GENERIC HEALTHY AND SAFETY;



• NR-13 ( 1978) BOILERS AND PRESSURE VESSEL REGULATION

                LAST APPROBATION 1995



• NR-30 Anexo II (2009) BOILERS AND PRESSURE

VESSEL REGULATION FOR OFFSHORE INSTALATIONS



• INMETRO DIRECTIVE Nº 349 E 351 ( 2009) - CERTIFICATION
  REQUIREMENTS FOR OWNER INSERVICE INSPECTION SERVICES (SPIE)




                                                                8
      REGULATIONS NR-13 / NR-30
 RESPONSIBLE LABOR MINISTRY – BOILERS AND PRESSURE VESSEL

• NR-13 DOES NOT ESTABLISH WHAT CODE SHOULD BE USED
• NR-13 REGOGNIZED ANY INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
• MANDATORY THAT MANUFACTURES AND OWNERS USE
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ( FINE / INTERDICTION)


• ESTABLISHES:
    •MINIMUM INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
    •MINIMUM OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS (ANP > REGULATION)
    • REPAIR AND MODIFICATIONS ACCORDANCE DESIGN CODE
    • RULES FOR INITIAL INSPECTION AND DEADLINES FOR PERIODIC
    INSPECTIONS
                                                                9
                SPIE - DIRECTIVE
    RESPONSIBLE INMETRO – ALL PRESSURIZED EQUIPMENT

•   INSERVICE INSPECTION CERTIFICATION -INMETRO

•    DEDICATED TO MAJOR INDUSTRY;


•    NON MANDATORY REQUIREMENT;


•    AUTHORIZED AGENCIES (IBP) CONTROL INSERVICE INSPECTION SERVICES;


•    SYSTEM SUPERVISED BY TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE;


•    MAIN IMPROVMENT >>>> TWICE INSPECTION TIME LIMIT

•   SPIE COMPANIES USED FOR THIS QUERRY PRESENTATION

                                                                 10
DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING




                           11
       DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING
•   MOST COMPANIES USE ASME CODE (97%)
    ASME I (BOILERS) AND ASME VIII div 1 OR 2 (PRESSURE VESSEL)

•   IT IS NOT MANDATORY TO USE ASME STAMP (3%)

•   EMPEUROPEAN ORIGIN COMPANIES UTILIZE OTHER STANDARDS : EX.

    BASF, BAYER >> (AD MERKBLATT, DIN, EN )


NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTS - NDT

•   BRAZIL HAS ITS OWN SYSTEM >> SNQC (APROX. 20 YEARS)

•   ABENDI >> HAS INTERNACIONAL AGREEMENT

•   BASE >>> ISO 17.024 AND ISO 9.712
                                                                  12
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS




                          13
       MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS

•   REPAIRS AND MODIFICATION SHALL BE MADE IN AGREEMENT WITH
    MANUFATURING STANDARDS REQUIREMENTS.

•   WELDING >> ASME IX   MATERIALS >> ASME II

•   COMPANIES DO NOT USE NATIONAL BOARDING CRITERIAS


•   INSPECTOR NEEDS TO FILL OUT A FORM WITH REPAIR TECHINICAL DATA (PAR)

•   QUALITY CONTROL >>> NDT >>> SNQC

     – BRAZIL HAS ITS OWN SYSTEM
     – ISO 17024 AND ISO 9712 SNQC

                                                                  14
                    INSPECTION

•   INSERVICE INSPECTION COULD BE DONE BY ANY MECHANICAL ENGINIEER
    OR BY OWNER CERTIFIED INSPECTION SERVICE (SPIE)


•   EACH COMPANY FOLLOWS ITS OWN CRITERIA (PETROBRAS FOR EXAMPLE)



•   INSPECTION TIME LIMIT AS A FUNCTION OF THE PRESSURE EQUIPMENT
    RISK.


•   MORE FLEXIBLE TIME LIMITS TO OWNER CERTIFIED INSPECTION SERVICE-
    SPIE.

•   LARGE COMPANIES USE RBI. MOST USE CRITERIA DERIVED FROM API

                                                                  15
          PSV INSPECTION




•   MOST COMPANIES DO NOT USE NR-13 INSPECTION TIME LIMIT;



•   REGULATION TIME LIMITS ARE TOO LONG



•   RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 520 – SIZING, SELECTION AND INSTALLATION
    OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES

                                                              16
    INTEGRITY ANALYSIS AND LIFE REMAINING


•    INTEGRITY ANALYSIS TO REMAIN OPERATING BOILERS ABOVE 25 YEARS



•    REQUIREMENT IS NOT MANDATORY FOR PRESSURE VESSELS ;



•    SPIE COMPANIES NEED TO DO INTEGRITY ANALYSIS AND LIFE REMAINING
     FOR ALL EQUIPMENT AND PIPES




                                                                  17
   PIPELINES AND PIPES SYSTEM

• NOT INCLUDED IN THE REGULAMENTATION;

• AT THIS TIME ANP IS DEVELOPING RULES FOR GAS AND
  PETROLEUM PIPELINES;

• MOST COMPANIES USE ANSI B -31.1 (STEAM), B-31.3
  (HYDROCARBOM) AND B 31-8 (PIPELINES);

• B- 31.G FOR INTEGRITY ANALYSIS


                                                18
        GAS DISTRIBUITION

• NATURAL GAS VESSELS >> ISO 4705
• VEHICLE NATURAL GAS >> ISO 11439
• ABNT – NBR 12 790

• GLP TRANSPORTABLE ABNT NBR 8614 AND 8460
• GLP STATIONARY – ASME VIII




                                             19
                          QUERRY SUMMARY


QUESTION                       ANSWER
Boilers CODE Design            ASME CODE ( 100%)
Pressure Vessel Code Design    ASME CODE ( 97% TO 100%)
Other CODE used                AD MERKBLET / TRD 301 / EN 12952-4
USE NBIC                       NO (100%)
USE ASME STAMP                 NO (98%)
USE RBI                        NO (40%)
                              API 653 (TANQUES); API 570; API 510; API 571 ; ASME IX; ASME V;ASTM II (MATERIAIS); API 520
REPAIR CODES                  (VÁLVULAS DE SEGURANÇA) , DIN 17175
                              API (TANQUES) 610, 650; ASME VII DIV.1 /2 , ASME V; ASME II, ASME IX, ASTM II (MATERIAIS), MSS SP 6,
MANUFATURING CODES            PETROBRAS

LIFE REMAINING CRITERIA        API 579, ASME B 31G, TRD 508


                                                                                                                            20
               CONCLUSION

• DESPITE THE GREAT DIPERSION THERE IS A COHERENCE FOR THE
  USE OF CODES AND STANDARDS

• THERE IS INTENSE USE OF ASME AND API CODES IN OIL AND GAS
  COMPANIES

• AS A ISO MEMBER ABNT STANDARDS >> ISO RULES AND
  REFERENCES (NDT , TRANSPORTABLE GAS PRESSURE VESSEL)




                                                         21

				
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