Maryland Moves Toward Revolution

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					                                            Mod Student Resource 5.1
                       ANGER GROWS IN MARYLAND           Page 1 of 3
For many years Britain and its colonies

                                                                                               Image courtesy of the Maryland State Archives. Original painting by Francis Blackwell Mayer.
were on peaceful terms. However, by the
mid-1700s many Marylanders and other
American colonists were becoming quite
annoyed with the British government.
How did this happen? It helps to look at
certain historical events in the order that
they happened.

 Reading Strategy: Predicting

Why might colonists have become upset with the
British government?________________________
                                                 The Burning of the Peggy Stewart was an
                                                 example of Marylander’s growing frustration
_________________________________________        with the British government.


War Debts
First, during the 1700s, Britain controlled the thirteen American colonies.
But, France controlled the land to the west of the colonies. Both countries
wanted more control of North America, so they fought a war. It was called
the French and Indian War because the British were fighting against both the
French and many Native Americans who were helping France.

In 1763, Britain won the war. But, it cost a lot of money along the way.
The British government did not want to spend the money to fight any more
wars with the Native Americans living west of the Appalachian Mountains.
So, a law was made that prevented colonists from moving west of the

                           Modified by Michelle McKenna
                                               Mod Student Resource 5.1
                          ANGER GROWS IN MARYLAND           Page 2 of 3
    mountains. This upset many colonists who thought they would be given
    western land for fighting in the war.

    Also, the British government had to find a way to pay all of its war debts
    (money owed). They thought the colonists should help pay for the war since
    they benefited from it. So, they made the colonists pay extra taxes.
    Colonists were mad that they had to pay more of their money to the
    government. But they were even more upset that the new laws were made
    without asking for their input.

 Reading Strategy: Identifying the most important information
What is the main idea of the “War Debts” section?____________________________________



                              Modified by Michelle McKenna
                                              Mod Student Resource 5.1
                         ANGER GROWS IN MARYLAND           Page 3 of 3
  The Stamp Act
  One of the taxes was called the Stamp Act. It was passed in 1765.
  Colonists had to buy special stamps to put on paper products. Newspapers,
  playing cards, and legal papers

                                                                                                     Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.
  all had to have a stamp on them.
  Without the stamp, the papers
  were illegal.

  Maryland’s General Assembly
                                          The 1766 artist who created this engraving portrayed the
  met to discuss the Stamp Act.                    repeal of the Stamp Act as a funeral.
  Governments in other colonies
  also met to talk about what to do. In Maryland, leaders agreed that Britain
  did not have the right to tax colonists unless they agreed to be taxed. Some
  men protested (expressed strong disapproval) the taxes as a group. They
  called themselves the Sons of Liberty. The protests worked. Britain
  repealed (took back) the Stamp Act

 Reading Strategy: Questioning
Pause for a second. At this point in the article, think about what more you would like to
know about this topic. Below, write a question that you hope will be like answered in the
upcoming section of text. Remember your question mark (?).



                             Modified by Michelle McKenna
                                            Mod Student Resource 5.1
                       ANGER GROWS IN MARYLAND           Page 4 of 3

The Tea Act
Britain kept trying to tax the colonists. They passed several different acts
(laws) to try to collect taxes. One law was the Tea Act. At the time, tea was
very popular. Almost everyone drank tea every day. The Tea Act put a tax
on tea and forced colonists to buy tea from only one company: the British
East India Company.

Colonists stopped buying goods from Britain in protest. Some women
formed the Daughters of Liberty to protest. They refused to buy tea and
created ways to make products that would have otherwise been purchased
from Britain. In 1773, the Boston Tea Party happened. During the night,
some colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded a British ship in the
Boston harbor and dumped all of the tea overboard.

In 1774, a “tea party” happened in Chestertown, Maryland. There, in broad
daylight, Chestertown colonists marched onto a ship carrying British tea.
The colonists dumped the ship’s cargo overboard and into the water. They
called this the Chestertown Tea Party.

 Reading Strategy: Questioning          72

Was your question answered? If so, write the answer below. If it was not answered,
write another question you have about this topic.

The Burning of the Peggy Stewart
                           Modified by Michelle McKenna
                                               Mod Student Resource 5.1
                          ANGER GROWS IN MARYLAND           Page 5 of 3
    In 1774, a ship called the Peggy Stewart sailed into Annapolis. An
    Annapolis merchant named Anthony Stewart owned the boat. He had
    named it after his daughter, Peggy. The boat was carrying 2,300 pounds of
    tea. Colonists in Annapolis quickly found out about the ship’s cargo. It
    angered the colonists. Stewart apologized and offered to burn all the tea.
    But some colonists were still furious. They were not satisfied with Stewart’s
    apology and offer to burn the tea.

    Stewart feared for his life. He worried about the safety of his family. So, in
    order to protect himself and his family, he made an extreme decision. In the
    full sight of many Annapolis colonists, Stewart set fire to the Peggy Stewart.
    Excited colonists watched and cheered. Flames and smoke filled the sky
    over the Annapolis harbor. A blazing ship sent a huge message. The
    protesting colonists in Maryland had become quite powerful.

    Throughout the colonies, people became more and more frustrated with
    Britain. The conflicts between the colonies and Britain escalated (became
    more serious). In 1775, a battle took place in Massachusetts. The conflicts
    had turned into a war. Many Marylanders prepared to join people from
    other colonies in a war for their independence.

 Reading Strategy: Summarizing
Think about the main idea and important details from this entire article. List them below.

 ______________________________________________________________________


   ______________________________________________________________________

   ______________________________________________________________________
                          Modified by Michelle McKenna

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