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Thurrock Council - Road Safety - Thurrock Schools and Colleges

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					Thurrock Schools and
Colleges
Sustainable
Modes of Travel
Strategy
2011 – 2014
Thurrock
Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy
2011 – 2013


Contents:
1   Introduction
    a. Overview
    b. Development of Thurrock SMOTS
    c. Interaction with local Policies and Programmes
    d. Scope
    e. Demographics, Education and Travel
    f. East of England Plan
    g. School Population
    h. Catchment areas


2   Analysis of Existing Travel Patterns and Demand
    a. School travel patterns
    b. Access to education in Thurrock
    c. Public transport
          i) Local public bus service
          ii) School bus service
          iii) Trains

3   Interactions with local Policies and Programmes
    a. Policies and Programmes
    b. Children and Young People’s Plan
    c. Extended Schools
    d. 4-19 Agenda
    e. Physical Infrastructure
    f. Accident investigation and prevention programme
    g. Cycling
    h. Walking
    i. Traffic calming
    j. School Travel Plans
           Case Study 1
           Case Study 2

4   School/College Initiatives
    a. School Crossing Patrol
    b. Walk to School Week
    c. Walking Buses
    d. Park & Stride


                                                         2
5    Education and Training
     a. Parent and child road safety training
     b. Pedestrian road safety training to year 6 pupils
     c. Kerbcraft
     d. Crucial Crew
     e. Junior Road Safety Officers
     f. Theatre in Education
     g. Road Runners
     h. School visits and presentations
     i. National Standards Bikeability Cycle Training

6    Sustainable Travel Modes
       Case Study 3

7    Road Safety

8    Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy
     a. Vision
     b. The SMOT Strategy
     c. Action Plan

9    Promotion of the Strategy

10   Funding, Implementing and Monitoring
     a. Funding
     b. Implementing
     c. Monitoring
     d. Indicators
     e. Summary




                                                           3
1 Introduction
a. Overview
Over the last thirty years the number of children being driven to school has
increased dramatically. Estimates have suggested that school related traffic
amounts to as much as 20% of all traffic at peak times. As a consequence,
as every driver knows, traffic congestion, delay and travel time are
significantly greater during school terms. Reduction in the use of cars for
journeys to and from school / college would help combat this growing
problem.

The school run has a significant impact on congestion and pollution, which
damage our economy, environment and health. There are concerns of
childhood obesity associated with inactive lifestyles that can lead to longer
term health problems. There are concerns about the physiological effects that
can result from lack of independence amongst younger people, caused by
parents carrying them in their cars.

In addition, the world of education no longer resolves around young people
automatically attending their designated local school. Parental preferences,
growing diversity in provision and initiatives associated with ‘extended
schools’ and the 14 – 19 curriculum all contribute to an increasing complex
travel demand. Changes to parents’ lifestyles and working patterns have also
led to the school run becoming intertwined with journeys to work.

It is now commonly accepted that the activity of walking or cycling to school or
to work is a major factor in promoting good physical health. Those who walk
or cycle to school or work invariably begin the day more alert. Research in
schools has also shown that those children show greater aptitude for learning.

Thurrock Council is determined to work with parents, children and schools to
help reduce these problems and in recent years much has been done to
tackle these issues through a range of initiatives and schemes, many of which
are outlined in this document.

The Education and Inspections Act 2006 charges local authorities with the
responsibility of developing a sustainable approach to travel associated with
learning and training. In particular under the Act, authorities have a duty to
promote ‘sustainable school travel’. That is: travel modes that minimise
carbon dioxide emissions while promoting the benefits of exercise,
independence and accessibility to improve our children’s quality of life.

A key initial step in fulfilling this is the requirement to formulate a Sustainable
Mode of Travel Strategy.




                                                                                      4
b. Development of the Thurrock Sustainable Modes of
Travel Strategy
Following the duties imposed by Part 6 of the Education and Inspections Act
2006 local authorities are, with effect from April 2007, under a statutory duty
arising from Section 508A of the Education Act 1996 to promote the use of
sustainable travel and transport.

The four main elements of this duty are:


         •         An assessment of the travel and transport needs of
                   children and young people within the authority’s area

         •         An audit of the sustainable travel and transport
                   infrastructure within the authority’s area that may be used
                   when travelling to and from or between schools /
                   institutions

         •         A strategy to develop the sustainable travel and transport
                   infrastructure within the authority’s area so that the travel
                   and transport needs of children and young people are
                   better catered for and

         •         The promotion of sustainable travel and transport
                   modes on the journey to, from and between schools and
                   other institutions

A sustainable mode of travel is defined as one:

“That the local authority considers may improve the physical well being
of those who use them, the environmental well being of all or part of the
           local authority’s area, or a combination of the two”

These duties can only be met by adopting an approach that deals with the
provision and promotion of a sustainable school and college travel system as
a whole, involving all the areas in which Thurrock Council/Europa, its partners
and associate organisations work to get students to and from school.

Recognising this, Thurrock Council/Europa drew together officers from a
range of disciplines as a working group to oversee the development and
implementation of the first Thurrock Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy
and has now completed additional consultation with stakeholders groups.

c. Interaction with Local Policies and Programmes
Journeys to and from schools are a component of the much greater range
and volume of journeys made into, out of, within and through Thurrock
everyday. Therefore, the Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy (SMoTS)
which is exclusively about children and young people travelling to schools and
colleges, will relate to and overlap with many of the Council’s other strategies,

                                                                                  5
policies and programmes which cover the transport sector. These
interactions are outlined below through the demonstration of the common
elements of the several strategies.

Thurrock Council has set out an ambitious transport sector vision for Thurrock
to create a system which:

         •   Is fully inclusive, meeting the social needs of residents

         •   Is integrated to provide seamless multi–modal journeys

         •   Is accessible for everyone, safe and attractive to use

         •   Delivers sustainable community regeneration and growth

         •   Addresses the exceptional circumstances of Thurrock as an
                  international centre for logistics and commercial
                  development

The Thurrock Transport Strategy 2008-21 sets out how the council will
prioritise and deliver schemes, measures and initiatives to progress towards
that vision in the context of Government guidance. The new Transport White
paper – “Creating growth, cutting carbon: making sustainable local transport
happen” identifies the following priorities:

The White Paper:
   • Brings together the announcements and initiatives on local transport
     governance and funding since the May 2010 elections
   • Emphasises the key role of developing sustainable travel in delivering
     the Government’s key objectives for Local Transport
   • Underlines the importance of travel by car and rail for longer-distance
     journeys
   • Stresses the role of local communities in identifying transport needs
     and shaping transport responses in their own areas


Thurrock Council has adopted local transport priorities set out by the
Department for Transport. These priorities and Thurrock’s interpretation are
set out below:

         •        Tackling congestion – the Council will effectively manage
                  the demand for travel in Thurrock through a policy of
                  encouraging sustainable development patterns, walking,
                  cycling and the use of public transport.

         •        Delivering accessibility – in partnership with other
                  organisations the Council will enable better access to
                  employment and educational opportunities and other key
                  services, particularly to those in disadvantaged groups or
                  areas.


                                                                               6
          •         Safer roads – the Council will work to achieve a reduction
                    in the number of casualties on the Borough’s transport
                    network.

          •         Better air quality – leading partnerships with other
                    organisations the Council will improve air quality in the
                    Borough.

          •         Facilitating regeneration – in partnership with other
                    organisations the Council will ensure that the transport
                    infrastructure that is required to deliver better opportunities
                    for residents and employees is delivered in a timely and
                    coherent manner.

All but the last of the above priorities are echoed by the SMoTS strategy for
sustainable travel to schools and colleges which also encompasses road
safety and improved health, air quality and environment.

d. Scope
The strategy covers the period from March 2011 to March 2013. It aims to
build on and complement other existing strategies by drawing together
specific issues relating to education travel into one document. It seeks to
reinforce and build on existing policies and initiatives, ensuring they are
implemented in an effective and coherent way.

The strategy applies to school travel for all children and young people living in
Thurrock, as well as those travelling into or through the borough. It includes
those in pre-school education through to young people aged 19 (or up to 21
for students with learning difficulties or disabilities). The strategy therefore has
a much wider impact than for children and young people alone, it has the
potential to impact on many aspects of life in Thurrock.

e. Demographics, Education and Travel
The Borough of Thurrock lies on the north bank of the River Thames some
twenty five kilometres east of Central London bordered, to the west, by the
Outer London Borough of Havering and to the north by the County of Essex.
In transport infrastructure terms Thurrock is divided into four parts by the
north – south axis of the M25 orbital motorway around the capital immediately
north of the Dartford Crossing and by the A13 trunk road which runs on an
east – west axis from London to Southend.

The Borough covers an area of almost 18,500 hectares or more than 165
square kilometres and around 70% of the land is classed as Green Belt with
much of this to the north of the A13. Most of the population lives to the south
of the A13 and virtually all the Borough’s commerce and industry lies in this
sector, between the A13 and the river. North of the A13, within the Green
Belt, there are a number of attractive small villages including Bulphan, Orsett
and Horndon on the Hill.


                                                                                  7
Thurrock has a resident population (2009) of 157,200 people in 63,899
households. More than 70% of these households are owner occupied and
79% have access to at least one car or van – compared with the national
average of only 73%.

There are 31,125 young people (up to 16 years old) resident in the Borough
which is 19.8% of the population compared with 17.5% nationwide. Over
23,000 children and young people are educated at the schools and colleges
within Thurrock.

There are 42 primary schools (including Infant and Junior Schools) 10
secondary schools and 3 colleges in Thurrock together with two special
schools. These are listed below with their numbers on the roll at the
beginning of March 2011.




                                                                             8
ENROLLED PUPILS BY YEAR BY SCHOOL – March 2011


School Primary                National Curriculum Year Groups

                               N1   N2    R      1     2        3   4   5   6   Total
Arthur Bugler Infant                      44 59 46                           149
East Tilbury Infants                 65 71 72 79                             287
Manor Infants                    50 59 42 80 74                              305
Stifford Clays Infants               52 89 90 88                             319
Thameside Infants                    52 67 71 76                             266
Arthur Bugler Junior                                     53 53 55 60 221
East Tilbury Junior                                      68 66 68 73 275
Stifford Clays Junior                                    88 87 81 86 342
Thameside Junior                                         42 53 54 55 204
Tilbury Manor Junior                                     66 51 60 76 253
Abbots Hall Primary                       28 24 30 31 32 33 59 237
Aveley Primary                            56 50 57 41 36 31 25 296
Benyon Primary                   4 26 36 27 26 26 24 24 31 224
Bonnygate Primary                 8 33 29 30 30 27 31 25 32 245
Bulphan Primary                           15 11     6    12 12 14 11          81
Chadwell St Mary Primary                  26 20 25 24 30 19 16 160
Chafford Hundred Primary             56 90 90 59 88 58 60 60 561
Corringham Primary                        62 64 64 59 64 55 62 430
Deneholm Primary                          56 59 52 56 45 29 55 352
Dilkes Primary                       52 59 59 59 51 54 57 55 446
Giffards Primary                          55 60 73 52 65 58 60 423
Graham James Primary                      30 30 31 30 30 30 30 211
Herringham Primary                        56 52 59 43 54 50 57 371
Holy Cross Primary                4 47 43 45 45 44 34 40 31 333
Horndon On The Hill Primary               30 30 30 30 29 16 29 194
Kenningtons Primary              13 39 38 41 36 48 48 38 43 344
Lansdowne Primary               18 86 83 93 78 61 66 79 62 626
Little Thurrock Primary                   75 74 75 76 74 74 73 521
Orsett Primary                            30 29 30 30 27 27 30 203
Purfleet Primary                     47 47 51 44 47 31 31 36 334
Quarry Hill Primary                       60 60 60 58 54 68 57 417
Shaw Primary                     9 43 46 54 51 50 39 44 38 374
Somers Heath Primary                 42 30 29 30 20 28 28 29 236
St Joseph's Primary                       40 38 40 37 40 40 39 274
St Mary's R.C. Primary          10 48     42 44 34 34 34 34 33 313
St Thomas of Canterbury Primary           90 90 90 90 90 90 90 630
Stanford Le Hope Primary             56 45 49 49 44 48 41 54 386
Stifford Primary                     54 77 90 90 78 73 62 62 586
Tudor Court primary                  51 89 88 90 90 84 88 89 669
Warren Primary                       52 59 89 59 59 60 59 60 497
West Thurrock                    26 26 60 60 58 26 30 30 30 346
Woodside Primary                     52 60 58 60 55 54 46 48 433
TOTALS                          142 1038 1955 2060 1983 1834 1788 1738 1836 14374




                                                                                        9
ENROLLED PUPILS BY YEAR BY SCHOOL – March 2011



School (Secondary)         National Curriculum Year Groups
                           7       8        9      10      11                 12           13        Total
Chafford Hundre business
& Enterprise College       184    184        184        154        153                                859
Gable Hall School          240    243        240        243        239        26           22        1253
Gateway Academy            182    180        181        179        177        27           16        942
Grays Convent              124    118        123        124        123                               612
Hassenbrook                143    145        148        156        159                               751
Ormiston Park Academy      96     81         143        83         110        28                     541
St Clere's                 201    200        205        198        205                                1009
Grays Media Arts College   176    143        180        179        179                               857
The Ockendon School        182    211        180        180        174                               927
William Edwards School
And Sports College         240    240        244        238        236                               1198
Totals                     1762   1746       1829       1736       1765                              8838



School (Other)                          N1 N2 R     1     2    3    4     5   6    7   8   9    10 11 12 13 14 Total

Beacon Hill School                      2 3 2 3 5 1 5 2 7 5 3 6 3 5 3 5 5 65
Treetops School                           4 12 7 5 9 13 11 12 31 29 26 26 27 14 11 6 243
Totals                                  2 7 12 10 10 9 19 13 19 36 33 32 30 32 17 16 11 308



PRU (South Ockendon)                                                2 3 2 4 4 7 15 32                          69




Colleges

Palmers College                      2,200

South Essex College                  6,629

Thurrock Learning Campus             4,000




f. East of England Plan
There are considerable development pressures within the Borough; the Draft
East of England Plan proposes that 18,500 new homes and 26,000 new jobs
should be created by 2021. Without significant investment in infrastructure
and services further development on this scale will undoubtedly have severe
impacts on the transport system. The Council’s Local Development
Framework and the Thurrock Transport Strategy reflect the need to deliver an
improving transport network which takes account of this level of regeneration.




                                                                                                             10
The growth anticipated by the Plan will also produce a requirement for a
further 6,300 school / college places if the present ratio of 0.34 schoolchildren
per household continues together with a commensurate number of staff.

Part of such provision is the Thurrock Learning Campus sited opposite the
Civic Offices and close to the railway station. The Campus is expected to
have up to 3,000 students by 2012.

The school population in Thurrock has already reached its practical capacity
so it is clear that new schools and colleges will need to be provided. In both
this case and that of the Government’s Building Schools for the Future
initiative (where funding is being made available for the refurbishment or
rebuilding of a number of existing secondary schools) the planning and
development control processes will provide the opportunity for primary
schools to be located within their immediate catchment area and secondary
schools close to public transport services. In both cases the preparation of
realistic travel plans should be an essential obligation for planning approval
so as to increase the proportions of school travel undertaken by sustainable
modes such as walking, cycling and public transport.

Traffic in Thurrock has risen faster than the national average over the last
decade and this trend is likely to accelerate in the face of the new
developments being forecast. At the same time the strategic routes, the A13
and junctions 30 and 31 of the M25, are already highly congested, and some
of the local routes around Lakeside and Grays town centre are also under
pressure at peak times. The present peak hour conditions, which are
significantly worse in term time, will be considerably exacerbated unless a
step change in present school travel habits can be brought about.



g. School Population
The numbers of pupils currently enrolled at primary and secondary schools in
Thurrock are 14,143 and 8,954 respectively. In addition there are 48 pupils at
the South Ockendon Pupil Referral Units and 308 at the Beacon Hill and
Treetops Special Schools.

Although the SMoTS is Borough wide it must be derived from each individual
school and must recognise the particular geographical context of each one.
This is especially applicable to primary schools with their more localised
catchment areas. Thus the analysis of travel plan data and the interpretations
of those analyses will reflect not only individual schools but also the
limitations of infrastructure and topography around schools in each of the
urban and rural areas across the Borough. The nine geographical areas are
given below and the schools and pupils in each of these areas have been set
out below

             •   Grays

             •   Chadwell St Mary

                                                                               11
               •   Tilbury

               •   East Tilbury

               •   Corringham – Stanford le Hope

               •   Bulphan – Horndon – Orsett – Southfields – North Stifford

               •   South Ockendon

               •   Aveley

               •   Purfleet


DISTRIBUTION OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS AND PUPILS
Area                                   Primary Schools                    Pupils

Aveley                                 Aveley                               296
                                       Kenningtons                          344
                                                                            640
Purfleet                               Purfleet                             334
                                                                            334
South Ockendon                         Benyon                               224
                                       Bonnygate                            245
                                       Dilkes                               446
                                       Holy Cross                           333
                                       Shaw                                 374
                                       Somers Heath                         236
                                                                          1,858
Grays                                  Chafford Hundred                     561
                                       Deneholm                             352
                                       Little Thurrock                      521
                                       Quarry Hill Primary                  417
                                       St Thomas of Canterbury              630
                                       Stifford Clays Infant and Junior     661
                                       Stifford                             586
                                       Thameside Infant and Junior          470
                                       Tudor Court                          669
                                       Warren                               497
                                       West Thurrock                        346
                                       Woodside                             433
                                                                          6,143
Chadwell St Mary                       Chadwell St Mary                     160
                                       Herringham                           371
                                                                            531
Tilbury                                Lansdowne                            626
                                       Tilbury Manor Infant and Junior      558
                                       St Mary’s                            313
                                                                          1,497
East Tilbury                           East Tilbury Infant and Junior       562
                                                                               12
                                                                             562
Corringham – Stanford le Hope         Abbots Hall                            237
                                      Arthur Bugler Infant and Junior        370
                                      Corringham                             430
                                      Giffords                               423
                                      Graham James                           211
                                      St Joseph’s                            274
                                      Stanford                               386
                                                                           2,331
Villages                              Bulphan                                 81
                                      Horndon                                194
                                      Orsett                                 203
                                                                             478



h. Catchment Areas
In Thurrock, as nationally, the definition of the catchment areas for a school is
variable although it can be suggested that the primary catchment area should
cover the homes of some 50% of pupils whilst the secondary and wider
catchment area could cover the homes of some 85% of pupils. These
generalised functions could apply to both primary and secondary schools but
their distances from each type of school would inevitably differ. Primary
schools might have their primary and secondary catchments extending
roughly one and two kilometres from the school; whilst secondary schools
would typically have wider catchments at say 5 and 8 kilometres respectively
for the primary and secondary catchments.

A plot of the catchments for all the primary and secondary schools across the
Borough would show that apart from the motorways and trunk roads the great
majority of the local authority road network is within the catchment areas.




2 Analysis of Existing Travel
patterns and Demands
a. School Travel Patterns
The annual school census in 2010 included a question on how pupils actually
travel to their school. The overall results shown represent figures from 43
Primary/Infant/Junior and 10 Secondary schools in Thurrock.

Walking is the main travel mode for both Primary and Secondary pupils.
However, car use is a significant mode of travel for primary aged pupils. The
car is used much less at secondary age, where public transport – particularly
the use of dedicated school buses becomes more important.

                                                                               13
       The following figures show how mode of transport is calculated across
       Thurrock.



       PUPILS MODE OF TRAVEL TO SCHOOL 2007 to 2010
         1    Train includes those travelling by Train, Tube and LRT

         2      The Special Schools, Treetops and Beacon Hill have been excluded
                from the table because their particular circumstances dictate that
                almost all pupils travel by school bus and the initiatives to encourage
                modal transfer that are applied to primary and secondary schools
                are less appropriate.

         3      The numbers in the table do not reflect the total numbers of pupils
                enrolled but only those who supplied travel mode data.

         4      Source:     Mode of travel data



                   car                                                       unclassified   total
               (including                                                       (Not      number
               vans and      car       public                                 supplied,      of
                  taxis)    share    transport   walking   cycling   other    Missing)     pupils
2006/07 data
Aged 5-10          4,058       365        262      5,893      143        4          544    11,269
Aged 11-15         1,610       162      1,492      4,209      321      117        1,052     8,963
All Ages           5,668       527      1,754     10,102      464      121        1,596    20,232
2007/08 data
Aged 5-10          4,013       404        260      6,160      120       10          251    11,218
Aged 11-15         1,853       176      1,560      4,614      403      241          140     8,987
All Ages           5,866       580      1,820     10,774      523      251          391    20,205
2008/09 data
Aged 5-10          3,795       415        269      6,379      166        7            0    11,031
Aged 11-15         1,896       181      1,601      4,775      448      224            0     9,125
All Ages           5,691       596      1,870     11,154      614      231            0    20,156
2009/10 data
Aged 5-10          3,649       466        271      6,592      126        6            0    11,110
Aged 11-15         1,822       178      1,568      4,846      441      155            0     9,010
All Ages           5,471       644      1,839     11,438      567      161            0    20,120




                                                                                      14
                       car
                   (including
                   vans and      car      public
                      taxis)    share   transport   walking   cycling   other
2006/07 data
Aged 5-10             37.8%      3.4%      2.4%      54.9%      1.3%     0.0%
Aged 11-15            20.4%      2.0%     18.9%      53.2%      4.1%     1.5%
All Ages              30.4%      2.8%      9.4%      54.2%      2.5%     0.6%
2007/08 data
Aged 5-10             36.6%      3.7%      2.4%      56.2%      1.1%     0.1%
Aged 11-15            20.9%      2.0%     17.6%      52.2%      4.6%     2.7%
All Ages              29.6%      2.9%      9.2%      54.4%      2.6%     1.3%
2008/09 data
Aged 5-10             34.4%      3.8%      2.4%      57.8%      1.5%     0.1%
Aged 11-15            20.8%      2.0%     17.5%      52.3%      4.9%     2.5%
All Ages              28.2%      3.0%      9.3%      55.3%      3.0%     1.1%
2009/10 data
Aged 5-10             32.8%      4.2%      2.4%      59.3%      1.1%     0.1%
Aged 11-15            20.2%      2.0%     17.4%      53.8%      4.9%     1.7%
All Ages              27.2%      3.2%      9.1%      56.8%      2.8%     0.8%


b. Access to Education in Thurrock
In association with the Thurrock Transport Strategy the Council has also
prepared an Accessibility Strategy (March 2006) and updated its strategies on
cycling (July 2007), walking, public transport and road safety (January 2008).
In January 2005 it also published an Air Quality Action Plan (AQAP).

The Accessibility Strategy considered a number of potential solutions for
improving access to education, i.e. schools and colleges, including:

         •     Reviewing transport policies for post 16 students

         •     Increase provision of secure covered cycle storage facilities

         •     Increase the number of Safer Routes to Schools schemes

         •     Promotion of car sharing schemes amongst parents

         •     Provision of information through school open days, fetes and
               libraries to encourage use of other means of transport than the
               private car




c. Public Transport
Children and young people travel to and from their schools and colleges on
both local public bus services and on school buses as well as, in some cases,
special services.


                                                                                15
       i) Local Public Bus Services

Across the Borough the Council has made good progress over the last five
years in upgrading bus facilities ( stations and stops ), passenger information
and on–street priorities with Quality Bus Partnerships and this has been
successful as patronage has increased and passenger satisfaction levels
improved.

There are now 571 bus stops across the Borough including 153 (27%) with
shelters, some 35% of which have been upgraded over the last three years.
The main bus stations in the Borough are in the centre of Grays beside the
railway station and at Lakeside.

Local bus services are dominated by Ensign with a couple of services each
operated by both Arriva and First. The Council has entered into Quality Bus
Partnerships with the latter two operators and is in discussion with Ensign.
These Partnerships represent the Council’s principal mechanisms for
delivering the public transport improvements it has committed to.

The Council’s principal aims for improving public transport are:

             •   To improve access to bus services

             •   To improve bus services to shops, education and health
                 centres and hospitals

Quality Bus Partnerships, both existing and future, are, and will be, used to
improve waiting facilities, bus stop infrastructure, bus service information,
service frequency and quality, vehicle specification, ticketing initiatives and
promotion.

To complement improvements in accessibility and levels of service the
Council has developed a Bus Information Strategy to raise awareness of, and
improve the quality of, travel by bus. In conjunction with bus operators the
implementation of this strategy includes customer care training for drivers and
fare initiatives such as PlusBus ticketing. Paper based timetables and
electronic real time passenger information will be displayed at bus stops.
Route specific timetables, public transport maps and publicity leaflets will all
be used to provide bus information and promote bus services.

       ii) School Bus Services

Recent legislation – the Education Acts of 1996 and 2002, and the Education
and Inspections Act of 2006 – obliges local authorities to provide ‘home to
school/college’ travel assistance for some children and young people under
certain circumstances. Thurrock Council provides free public transport travel
for:

             •   Pupils who live beyond the ‘statutory walking distances – 2
                 miles for those under 8 years old and 3 miles for those over 8
                 years old – from their nearest qualifying school with places
                 available

                                                                                  16
               •   Pupils from certain low income households living at least 2
                   miles from their, or one of their, three nearest qualifying
                   schools

               •   Pupils living at least 2 miles from their nearest
                   denominational school

This provision is arranged by the Council’s Passenger Transport Unit and is in
the form of public service season tickets valid for each term for both local
public bus services and school photo passes for contracted school bus
services.

The Council has 98 contract services carrying 3,202 pupils to primary and
secondary schools and colleges and 108 contracts carrying 436 pupils to
Special Schools and Pupil Referral Units – below table.

School Transport Contracts

AUDIT OF SUSTAINABLE TRAVEL AND TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE


School and Colleges                  Number of Contracts          Pupils Served


Colleges
Palmers                              17                           1,161
South Essex College – Woodview       7                            832
South Essex College – Nethermayne    2                            91
                        Sub total    26                           2,084

Secondary Schools
Ormiston Park Academy                7                            321
Chafford Hundred B&E College         2                            11
Gable Hall School                    1                            3
Grays Convent High School            5                            160
Hassenbrook School                   1                            5
St Clere’s School                    10                           386
William Edwards School & Sports
College                              2                            30
Gateway Academy                      2                            3
Ockendon School                      1                            2
Grays Media Arts College             1                            2
                        Sub total    32                           923

Primary Schools
Various                              20                           219
                        Sub total    20                           219

Special Schools
Beacon Hill                          12                           46
Treetops                             29                           192
Pupil Referral Unit, Tilbury         1                            23
Pupil referral Unit, Ockendon        2                            30
Other                                13                           62
                        Sub total    57                           353

                                                                                  17
        TOTAL (within Borough)          156                               3,333
Out of Borough
Colleges                                4                                 47
De la Salle, Basildon                   2                                 49
Campion, Upminster                      3                                 162
St Edwards, Romford                     1                                 14
Special Needs                           31                                51
       TOTAL (out of Borough)           41                                323

          1   The Council also provides reimbursement of fuel costs in 31 cases where
              parents drive their children to school because of individual difficulties such
              as behavioural problems.
          2   The Council provides term season tickets on the local train services for
              139 pupils and on the bus services for 123 pupils.



There have been some complaints about child behaviour on school buses
and these have been relayed to the schools concerned. A Code of Good
Practice is sent to parents of children who use the Special Needs services.

In addition free travel is provided on local public service buses and trains for
222 and 87 pupils respectively.

The Council has studied the report of the Yellow School Bus Commission and
whilst it is in support of the general principles behind the recommendations it
is concerned that the organisation and cost effective delivery of the systems
and arrangements proposed may prove impossible to achieve in practice in
Thurrock.

In this context the Council is currently undertaking a review of all its Social,
Community and Educational commitments in transport with the aim of
achieving cost savings and operational efficiencies.

       iii) Trains

Not many pupils use trains to get to school or college in Thurrock but virtually
all those who do are from secondary schools.

There are seven railway stations in Thurrock – five, Purfleet, Grays, Tilbury,
East Tilbury and Stanford le Hope on the London – Tilbury – Southend line
and two, Chafford Hundred and Ockendon on the Upminster branch. Only six
of the ten secondary schools in the Borough are within reasonable walking
distance (assumed 1.5 kilometres) of a station – below table.




                                                                                               18
PROXIMITY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS TO RAILWAY STATIONS

School                        Nearest Railway Station       Beeline Distance - Kms

Belhus Chase Specialist       Ockendon                      3.2
Humanities College

Chafford Hundred Business     Chafford Hundred              0.6
and Enterprise College

Gable Hall Specialist         Stanford – Le – Hope          2.9
Performing Arts and Applied
Learning College

Gateway Academy               Tilbury                       2.9

Grays Convent High School     Grays                         1.0
and Language College

Grays Media Arts College      Grays                         1.5

Hassenbrook Specialist        Stanford – Le – Hope          1.0
Technology College

The Ockendon Mathematics      Ockendon                      1.3
and Computing College

St Clere’s School             Stanford – Le – Hope          0.5

William Edwards School and    Grays                         3.0
Sports College




3 Interactions with Local
Policies and Programmes
a. Policies and programmes
The Cycling Strategy has identified an Action Plan which brings together a
number of initiatives including

          •          Continuing education and training of young cyclists through
                     School Travel Plans

          •          Increase the provision of cycle parking facilities at schools
                     and colleges

The Council is also collaborating with NHS South West Essex to promote
cycling alongside the health agenda. The NHS and the health sector at large
regard cycling and the exercise it provides as having clear health benefits.

                                                                                 19
The Walking Strategy (2000) promises to encourage children to walk to
school and to promote engineering measures through a Safer Routes to
School programme. It proposes to work with the Health Authority and to
provide school crossing patrols and educate children to be able to cross the
road safely.

The Public Transport Strategy (2003) aims to promote modal shift from car to
bus, to improve accessibility to important destinations like schools and reduce
transport related social exclusion.

The Road Safety Strategy places strong emphasis on School Travel Plans
and the Safer Routes to Schools programme. These are reinforced by a
range of educational and training initiatives aimed at emphasising to pupils
the message of safety at an early stage.

The Council’s Air Quality Action Plan which seeks to improve air quality
throughout Thurrock is supported by all those efforts, like SMoTS, which seek
to reduce congestion and the unnecessary use of private cars. Vehicle
emissions have been implicated in the cause and exacerbation of asthma and
respiratory difficulties in children and their reduction, which is a primary
objective of SMoTS, would be a major benefit to the health of local children
and young people who are especially vulnerable.

As a consequence of its continuous monitoring of the progress of transport
improvements the Council determined to set out a more robust strategy for
transport infrastructure to better accommodate the needs of the substantial
scale of development planned over the next decade. The new
Implementation Plan (2011-2014) will be adopted to guide the Council’s
investment in transport over this period.



b. Children and Young People’s Plan
In response to the Government’s Every Child Matters agenda the Council has
prepared a Children and Young People’s Plan. A key feature of the Plan is
child health and the increasing levels of obesity in young people. The aims of
the SMoTS strategy are consistent with the objectives of the Plan because
the encouragement of walking and cycling to school will directly improve the
health of those who do walk or cycle and will indirectly improve the health of
local residents in general due to reduced levels of traffic and vehicle
emissions.

All of these individual and interrelated transport, health and education
strategies come together in support of the Council’s overall vision for
Thurrock which is set out in its Corporate Plan.

The vision of the Thurrock Council Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy has
been developed by the Council’s Education Department in consultation with
other stakeholders, namely:


                                                                               20
          •       Strategic Transport Team ( Thurrock )

          •       Road Safety Team ( Europa )

          •       Engineering Team ( Europa )

The vision as set out in the Outline Project Brief is for a strategy which:

         ‘……..puts the local authority on a path to deliver a transport
         network that offers not only a significant improvement on the ability
         of the current arrangements to facilitate access to education and
         training but also which reduces the environmental impact of travel to
         school and other educational establishments.

The realisation of this vision is expected to be achieved through meeting a
number of key objectives. These have been defined as:

         (i)          reduced use of private cars

         (ii)         increased use of public transport

         (iii)        increased use of cycles

         (iv)         increased numbers of pupils walking to school

         (v)          increased road safety, particularly around schools

         (vi)         targeted use of school transport

As the performance of the transport system (for school travel) approaches
these objectives then a number of ancillary benefits are likely to become
apparent, namely:

         (i)          Fuel savings

         (ii)         Contribution to CO2 targets

         (iii)        Reduced environmental impact of travel to school

         (iv)         Reductions in pollution and improvements in air quality

         (v)          Reductions in traffic congestion

         (vi)         Reductions in levels of obesity

         (vii)        Raising of general fitness levels

         (viii)       Reductions in levels of social exclusion




                                                                              21
c. Extended Schools
Also flowing from the wider children’s services agenda promoted in the
Government’s 2004 paper, Every Child Matters – Change for Children, is the
vision of schools being more firmly embedded at the heart of their
communities and a requirement for an extension of the services provided by,
in and around schools. All primary and secondary schools are expected to
offer additional services including child care and a range of pupil support and
enrichment activities beyond the current hours of the school day. These
additional services will be available over the period 0800 – 1800 hours, five
days a week and 48 weeks a year, including holidays, subject to local
demand. This requirement will mean additional pupil and parent / carer trips
to and from schools some of which may be later than the end of the current
school day and may coincide with the end of the working day and thereby
exacerbate normal peak period traffic demands.

In some cases such provision could be made off – site provided that safe
transfer arrangements are in place. This too will create additional journeys for
pupils and their parents and carers which will add to the pressures on the
local road system, particularly at peak periods.



d. 14 – 19 Agenda
In its Education and Skills White Paper (2005) the Government signalled its
intention that all young people should continue to participate in education or
training until at least the age of 18 years. By 2013 all 14 – 19 year olds will
be entitled to pursue any of the seventeen diplomas which will be available in
subject areas that are applied and linked to employment pathways. Many
individual schools will not be able to accommodate the range of subjects
required to satisfy the new diplomas and hence on some days students will
have to travel to schools / colleges other than their ‘home’ school and they
may also need to travel between different schools during the working day.

In Thurrock, however, all the schools / colleges have joined together to form a
single consortium. This means that young people following the Diploma
programme will need to travel to at least two different centres (schools /
colleges) in any week although once at a centre they will spend the whole day
there.

The current Year 10 pupils will remain in education until they are 18 years old.

These circumstances will inevitably place changing and often additional
pressures on the transport system during both peak and off peak periods.




                                                                             22
e. Physical Infrastructure
The great majority of the principal and local road network within Thurrock i.e.
the roads for which the Council is the highway authority responsible – some
500 kilometres of road and 1,000 kilometres of footway - lie within the
catchment areas of one or more of the Borough’s schools. It is reasonable to
suppose therefore that the provision of sustainable travel and transport
infrastructure anywhere on the highway network will be a benefit for those
travelling to, from and between schools and colleges.

Thurrock Council has a comprehensive Integrated Transport programme of
investment in the maintenance and enhancement of its transport
infrastructure. This investment, over the five year period of the current Local
Transport Plan.

If successful the Local Sustainable Transport Fund will deliver a targeted
programme of measures to encourage a modal shift to more sustainable
modes of transport such as walking and cycling, particularly in the urban
areas. Improving public transport, walking and cycling and improving the
safety of these modes provides a solid basis on which to deliver measures
that will encourage modal shift.


f. Accident Investigation and Prevention Programme
The Council has invested considerable resources and funds in identifying and
alleviating safety problems throughout its network over many years.
Approximately 10 improvement schemes have been introduced every year for
several years and there has been a consistent reduction in the numbers of
accidents and casualties over that period.

g. Cycling
Similarly the Council has invested heavily in cycling facilities over the last
decade introducing cycle crossings on busy roads and creating on–street
cycle lanes and dedicated off-road cycle routes. It has been a staunch
supporter of SUSTRANS and has progressively implemented long sections of
Route 13 of the National Cycle Network and is continuing to extend that route.

h. Walking
The Council has also implemented numerous schemes and measures to
assist pedestrians in recent years. These have included pedestrian phases at
signalised junctions, zebra, pelican, puffin and toucan crossings and dropped
kerbs.

Walking Strategy

The Thurrock Transport Strategy states that priority will be given to providing
high quality walking and cycling infrastructure, including an identified network
of core routes in communities:
                                                                              23
• Experiencing housing or employment growth
• With high levels of deprivation
• With a high incidence of obesity

i. Traffic Calming
The Council has long had a programme of introducing traffic calming
measures on both area wide and site specific bases. 20 mph zones and
speed restrictions along sections of road have also been introduced around
the Borough.

Safer Routes to Schools

A substantial programme of engineering works has been carried out in recent
years as part of the Council’s Safer Routes to Schools programme. These
have focussed generally around the entrances to the schools and in some
cases, on the approach routes used by pupils.

Measures that are requested through School Travel Plans are implemented
through the annual Integrated Transport Programme. Approximately 5
schools are treated with the measures requested each year.

Examples of the measures implemented can be seen in the case studies
within the School Travel Plans section.




j. School Travel Plans
Central Government has targeted all schools to have an operational School
Travel Plan by 2010. Thurrock Council is proud to have been recognised as
the first authority in the country to have travel plans completed for every one
of its schools – in March 2006. Thurrock was proactive from the outset and
achieved 24 School Travel Plans in the school year 2003/04, 19 the following
year and 15 in 2005/06. School Travel Plans will be kept up to date by a
process of annual updating and review.

Information on pupil travel to school has generally been obtained from
surveys of pupils whose results have included not only both ‘actual’ and
‘preferred’ modes of travel to and from school but also reasons why
sustainable modes were not always chosen.

The availability of capital grant funding was used by the Council as an
encouragement to each of the schools to produce an initial travel plan. Since
then, however, there has been no incentive for those schools to review and
update their plans. A dedicated School Travel Plan Adviser delivers a
programme of reviews and updates of the original plans so that Thurrock can
maintain its position of having current plans for every one of its schools.

The earliest School Travel Plans sought information not only on pupils’ actual
mode of travel to school but also on their preferred mode as well as on the

                                                                             24
factors perceived as barriers to the use of sustainable modes such as walking
or cycling.

Over the following years the guidance to authorities on School Travel Plans
went through a series of changes. By 2007 the Government had
consolidated its evolving advice and set up its own nationwide Pupil Level
Annual School Census, which inter alia sought to discover the actual mode of
travel to school usually undertaken.

Completion of the Census questionnaire is mandatory for all schools with their
own travel plan but voluntary for others and the nationwide results are
provided to each authority. The results show the actual modes of travel to
school but do not show the preferred modes. The results are also confined to
pupils and do not show the travel modes of teachers and other staff.

The Census data on mode of travel to school for 2006-2007, 2007-2008 and
2008-2009 and 2009-2010 are summarised on pages 14 and 15. The results
show for the whole of the Thurrock Borough that there has been a steady
decrease for all school ages in car use and a steady increase in walking.




                                                                           25
Case Study 1

Stifford Primary School


Stifford Primary School is located at the end of a no through road with a large
turning circle. Adjacent to the school is an open park with a foot path leading
to another road where some parents park to collect their children. It is also a
route to two housing estates and a quieter road to get to the main road.

The School has a strong School Travel Plan working group, which consists of
teachers, parents and pupils. It was highlighted that the footpath was not wide
enough for two people to pass, therefore parents and pupils had to walk in the
mud.

Also, the road adjacent to the park where parents parked to collect their
children was very congested and becoming dangerous due to parking on
double yellow lines and reversing vehicles.

The working group highlighted these issues in the School Travel Plan which
in turn was highlighted to the appropriate departments.

Traffic Engineers decided to widen the footway enough to become a shared
use facility, to encourage pupils to cycle to school, barriers were put in place
to encourage parents to cross the road safely and not at a blind area and the
double yellow lines were extended to stop parents parking on the brow of a
hill.

These measures were carried out from the Safer Routes to Schools budget
and have proved to make this location safer and friendlier for pupils and
parents to use.




                                                                               26
Case Study 2
Warren Primary School


Warren Primary schools is situated in a built up housing estate, the main
roads surrounding the estate are busy with a speed limit of up to 40mph.

Teachers and parents of the school had raised concerns about the speed in
the immediate area of the school gates.

When assessed the Traffic Engineers decided the best course for action
would be to install a 20mph limit around the school.

The Road Safety Team launched a competition to draw a sign for the highway
to highlight to drivers to slow down and to make them aware of the new speed
limit.

Many pupils participated and it was the hard task for the Traffic Engineers
and Road Safety team to choose a winning poster.

The sign has now been installed and has improved the speed of the area.




                                                                              27
4 School / College Initiatives
a. School Crossing Patrols
In order to promote and encourage children and, where necessary, their
parents to walk to school the Council maintains 20 school crossing patrols
and 2 mobile Officers. A schedule of the locations of the patrols and the
schools served is given in the below table.

The Council is committed to the continuation of this service and its expansion
where appropriate. Sites are monitored on a monthly rolling programme and
a risk assessment prepared annually. Applications for new crossing patrols
are received on a regular basis and are reviewed in the context of agreed
criteria including accident history, traffic flow and pedestrian crossing
demand. Training is provided for all new staff and existing staff attend regular
courses re updates on new practices and changes in legislation.

LOCATIONS OF SCHOOL CROSSING PATROLS

School                            Patrol Sites

Abbots Hill Primary               Southend Road / Nursery Road, Stanford le Hope
Arthur Bugler Primary             Southend Road / Balmoral Avenue, Stanford le Hope
Aveley Primary                    High Street / Ship Lane, Aveley
                                  Stifford Road, Aveley
Benyon Primary                    West Road, South Ockendon
Bonnygate Primary                 Arisdale Avenue, South Ockendon
Chafford Hundred Campus Primary   Mayflower Road, Chafford Hundred
Corringham Primary                Fobbing Road / Herd Lane, Corringham
Deneholm Primary                  Blackshots Lane / Broadview Avenue, Grays
                                  Blackshots Lane / Long Lane, Grays
Giffards Primary                  Southend Road / Kenneth Gardens, Corringham
Graham James Primary              The Sorrells, Stanford le Hope
Herringham Primary                Claudian Way, Chadwell St Mary
Holy Cross Primary                Daiglen Drive, South Ockendon
Lansdowne Primary                 Calcutta Road, Tilbury
Little Thurrock Primary           Rectory Road, Grays
Quarry Hill Infants               Hathaway Road, Grays
Quarry Hill Junior                Hathaway Road / Ward Avenue, Grays
                                  Orsett Road / Bradleigh Avenue, Grays
St Mary’s Primary                 Calcutta Road, Tilbury
St Thomas of Canterbury Primary   Hathaway Road / Ward Avenue, Grays
Somers Heath Primary              Daiglen Drive / Fortin Close, South Ockendon

                                                                                   28
Stifford Clays Infants and Junior   Whitmore Avenue, Stifford Clays



b. Walk to School Week
Many of Thurrock’s primary schools take part in Walk to School Week – the
number has increased steadily and strongly over the last few years from 38
schools in 2007 to 40 schools in 2008 and 43 schools (100%) in 2009 and
2010.

c. Walking Buses
The Council encourages the formation of Walking Buses by individual schools
and ensures that professional and organisational support is available.
Financial assistance on a modest scale was available from Central
Government to schools which set up walking initiatives in 2007.

In essence a Walking Bus is an arrangement whereby a group of children
walk to/from school together. The ‘Bus’ is formed by a chain of pairs of
children walking together in the company of two or more parents or other
volunteers, one of them at the front, acting as the ‘driver’ and another, at the
back, as the ‘conductor’. The ‘Bus’ walks along a risk – assessed route. The
‘driver’, ‘conductor’ and children wear fluorescent and reflective vests.

d. Park and Stride
The Council encourages and supports a number of Park and Stride schemes
at schools in which parents / carers are expected to park temporarily at an
agreed location remote from their child’s school and then to walk the
remaining distance to the school. The aim is to reduce traffic congestion and
its associated safety implications whilst also assisting pupils (and
parents/carers) to walk at least part of the way to school.




5 Education and Training
Children and young people are particularly vulnerable when they use the
highway, whether as pedestrians or cyclists, simply because of their age,
judgement or lack of experience.

As a consequence there is a tension between the pressure to encourage
children and young people to walk and cycle to school and the increased risk
of accidents that they face.

The Council takes the view that in addition to physical engineering measures
it is of paramount importance to provide education and training to children
and young people both before and throughout their years at school and

                                                                              29
college. Messages absorbed at an early stage in life are much more powerful
and are more likely to remain with the individual throughout their life.

Through local campaigns, press launches and promotion of events and
initiatives the Council continues to support the endeavours of the Department
for Transport to improve road safety nationwide. Local activities are typically
coordinated with national initiatives and campaigns for greater effect.

Locally within Thurrock the Council provides road safety education and road
user training in a number of ways including:

             •   Parent and Child Road Safety Training

             •   Pedestrian Road Safety Training

             •   Kerbcraft

             •   Crucial Crew

             •   Junior Road Safety Officer Scheme

             •   Annual Road Safety Play

             •   Road Runners

             •   School Visits and Presentations

             •   National Standards Cycle Training – Bikeability



a. Parent and Child Road Safety Training
This initiative is aimed exclusively at parents to provide them with the vital
road safety and road user behaviour information that they need to educate
their children. The Reception pupils accompany their parent/carer during the
training, however the information given by the Assistant Road Safety Officers
is aimed at the parents to enable them to discover how much their children
know about road safety. Appropriate resources are provided. Road safety
training was given to 1,179 adults during the academic year 2009-10.

b. Pedestrian Road Safety Training to Year 6 Pupils
The Assistant Road Safety Officers deliver a traffic survey, danger walk or a
mapping walk to the Year 6 pupils as part of a planned programme of work.




                                                                             30
c. Kerbcraft
The Council was one of 38 authorities to pilot this new road safety initiative
between 2002 and 2005 following a successful bid to the Department for
Transport. The original trials of the scheme in Scotland showed Kerbcraft to
have brought about substantial improvements in children’s roadside
judgement and behaviour.

A practical scheme for children aged 5 – 7 years, Kerbcraft teaches three
important skills – Choosing Safer Places and Routes, Crossing Safely at
Parked Cars and Crossing Safely near Junctions. The training is progressive,
with each phase building on the foundations laid by earlier phases.

In small groups of two or three only the children are instructed in each of the
three skills over a period of nine weeks. The training is delivered by the
Kerbcraft Coordinator, Assistant Road Safety Officer, parents and volunteer
members of the community who are themselves trained and instructed by the
Kerbcraft Coordinator.

The Kerbcraft scheme started at schools in Chadwell St Mary, South
Ockendon and Tilbury where high child pedestrian accident rates have been
found. The scheme has recently expanded to include schools in Grays,
Purfleet, Bulphan and Aveley and now has trained over 1000 pupils during
the academic year 2009-10, which has increased from an average of 300
pupils a year since 2005.

d. Crucial Crew
Crucial Crew is an annual multi agency event which aims to equip Year 6
pupils with the essential skills to keep them safe for the transition to senior
school. This initiative complements the Council’s philosophy of being
community focused and utilising partnerships to promote safety, health and
social responsibility.

e. Junior Road Safety Officer Scheme
The Junior Road Safety Officer Scheme was introduced in 2008 – 09 after a
successful pilot the previous year. It was targeted at the lower socio –
economic group areas of South Ockendon and Chadwell St Mary but it is
expected to be extended throughout the Borough in the next five years. The
idea of the scheme is to empower children to highlight road safety issues
within their school which raises awareness amongst other pupils, teachers
and the community while maintaining links with their Road Safety Officer.
Schools ‘recruit’ two Year 6 pupils to act as champions to promote road safety
issues in their school communities in interesting and creative ways. There are
now 14 JRSO’s in 6 Primary Schools.




                                                                                  31
f. Theatre in Education
This annual initiative uses a professional drama company to target Year 11
and 12 students in secondary schools and sixth form colleges to convey
important messages about the impacts of distractions and breaking the law
such as speeding, mobile phone use and the misuse of alcohol and drugs by
pedestrians, cyclists and motorists.

In 2009 a new forum style bespoke play was introduced called ‘Way to Go!”
which the Road Safety Team had input with to convey specific messages for
Thurrock’s young drivers/riders. The play focuses on getting the audience
involved with the story line so it becomes more appealing and a real life
subject. The actors enforce the consequences of their actions so that the
audience are aware of the law as well as the dangers.

g. Road Runners
Students in Years 10 and 11 are targeted by this week long event which aims
to provide the skills necessary for them to become safe drivers. The event is
attended by several agencies, working together to deliver the same
massages on safe driving/riding in different ways. Road Safety, Essex Police,
Essex Fire and Rescue, Essex Transport Police, Open Door all attend the
event. When funding permits the event is held at an outdoor learning centre
and includes team building exercises, alternatively Road Runners can be
offered to be delivered directly at schools.

h. School Visits and Presentations
In recognition of the Government’s policy to integrate road safety education
into the mainstream curriculum the Council’s Road Safety Unit will continue to
help with the planning, direction and coordination of road safety education
throughout the schools and colleges in Thurrock. Interactive presentations
are given as part of a planned programme of work. Schools will continue to
be made aware that resources and materials can be available from the Road
Safety Unit.

i. National Standards Cycle Training – Bikeability
National Standards Cycle Training is the Cycling Proficiency Scheme for the
21st Century, designed to give the next generation the skills and confidence to
ride their bikes on today’s roads. There are three National Standard levels
and children will be encouraged and inspired to achieve all three levels,
recognising that there is always more to learn and enjoy on a bike. The
National Standards Cycle Training is currently delivered in 38 schools across
Thurrock.

The Council has also entered into an arrangement with SUSTRANS to
provide a Bike It Officer. The role of this officer is to deliver road safety

                                                                                32
education to children and young people in the context of sustainable transport
and specifically geared towards cycling. The attention of the Bike It Officer
will be largely focussed on promoting cycling at schools selected by the Road
Safety Team for their prospect of gaining real benefits.


6 Sustainable Travel Modes
In addition to its road safety related activities the Council also promotes the
use of sustainable travel modes by:

             •   Providing encouragement, support and guidance to help all
                 schools and colleges in preparing, reviewing and updating
                 School Travel Plans

             •   Support for the Healthy Schools Initiative

             •   Encouraging and supporting the establishment of Walking
                 Bus schemes

             •   Organising and providing resources for Walk to School Week




                                                                                  33
Case Study 3
Woodside Primary

The Road Safety Teams in house Sustrans Bike it Officer, approaches
schools to promote cycling. Woodside Primary was one school which
participated in the Bike It scheme.

The scheme is to promote and encourage pupils to cycle to school and out of
school for leisure. We know that children who cycle to school are much more
likely to be physically active than their peers – reducing the chance of children
becoming obese and developing diabetes. We know that Bike It reduces
traffic congestion and offers cheaper alternative to expensive school
transport. And by promoting safe cycling, Bike It can reduce the risk of
accidental injury.

The Bike It Officer has monitored the scheme at Woodside Primary school in
which there is clear increase in cycling and a drop in car use over the two
years that the project has been running




                                                                              34
7 Road Safety
The Council puts a high proportion of its resources into efforts to reduce the
number of accidents and the resulting casualties on its roads. Its own
investment, however, has no influence on the number of casualties that occur
on the motorways and trunk roads within Thurrock. The Council has
developed a very strong relationship with the Highways Agency to ensure that
measures delivered on local roads will have an impact on the trunk road
network.

Thurrock has seen a recent reduction in all Killed and Serious Injury
accidents, recording a reduction of 38% compared to the baseline data.

The Council will continue to monitor success in KSI reduction.




8 Sustainable Modes of
Travel Strategy
a. Vision
Although it shares its philosophy of promoting walking, cycling and public
transport with many of the Council’s other strategies the Sustainable Modes
of Travel Strategy is specifically focussed on student travel to, from and
between schools and colleges.

The vision adopted by the Council foresees:

          ‘…….. a transport network that offers not only a significant
          improvement on the ability of the current arrangements to facilitate
          access to education and training but also which reduces the
          environmental impact of travel to school and other educational
          establishments.’




b. The SMoT Strategy
This strategy will put the local authority on a path to the realisation of this
vision. Engineering measures, travel initiatives and education and training
will all play their part in creating the transport infrastructure and educational
travel behaviour patterns that will bring about:



                                                                                    35
         •        Increased numbers of pupils and students walking and
                  cycling to schools and colleges

         •        Reduced reliance on private cars for getting to school and
                  college

         •        Greater safety on the roads approaching and around
                  schools and colleges

         •        Increased use of public transport including targeted
                  provision of school transport



c. Action Plan
To assist in achieving the aspirations of the SMoT strategy a package of
mutually complementary engineering measures, travel initiatives and
education and training has been prepared. Alongside the schedule of
schemes, measures and initiatives this Action Plan sets out an
implementation timetable, the executive agencies responsible and the likely
sources of funding. The Action Plan is set out on pages 37-40.




                                                                              36
SUSTAINABLE MODE OF TRAVEL STRATEGY – ACTION PLAN

Act   Outline of Actions                      Implementation                                Executive          Funding
ion
No.                                           Timetable                                     Responsibility     Sources
                                              2008   2009   2010-   2011-   2012-   2013-
                                              -09    -10    11      12      13      14
      School Travel Planning

1     Complete Travel Plans of recently       ●                                             Road Safety        TC -
      merged schools                                                                        Team               Schools
                                                                                            Schools

2     Review and update all School Travel     ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC –
      Plans annually including increased                                                    Team Schools       Schools
      reference to public transport

3     Complete Travel Plans for Thurrock             ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC –
      Learning Campus, Palmers College                                                      Team Colleges      Colleges
      and South Essex College                                                               Strategic
                                                                                            Transport

4     School Travel Plans to identify cycle          ●      ●                               Road Safety        -
      parking spaces                                                                        Team Schools

5     School Travel Plans to include                 ●      ●                               Road Safety        -
      numbers of staff and their modes of                                                   Team Schools
      travel to and from school/college

      School/College Initiatives

6     Primary schools to acquire more cycle   ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC –
      parking to accommodate demand for                                                     Team Schools       Schools
      cycling to school                                                                                        Sustrans

7     Primary schools to be encouraged to     ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC – DfT
      organise more Walking Bus Schemes                                                     Team Schools       – DCSF




8     Primary schools to be encouraged to     ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        -
      request more Park and Stride schemes                                                  Team Schools

9     Secondary schools to acquire more       ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC –
      cycle parking to accommodate unmet                                                    Team Schools       Schools
      demand for cycling to school                                                                             Sustrans

10    Colleges to be encouraged to provide    ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        Colleges
      more cycle parking                                                                    Team Colleges
                                                                                            Strategic
                                                                                            Transport

      Engineering Measures

11    Review condition of all footpaths       ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      known or believed to be used by                                                       Team
      children and young people on their
      journeys to and from school/college
      and upgrade or refurbish as needed

12    Review location, operation and safety   ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      of all pedestrian crossings of main                                                   Team

                                                                                                          37
SUSTAINABLE MODE OF TRAVEL STRATEGY – ACTION PLAN

Act   Outline of Actions                           Implementation                                Executive          Funding
ion
No.                                                Timetable                                     Responsibility     Sources
                                                   2008   2009   2010-   2011-   2012-   2013-
                                                   -09    -10    11      12      13      14
      roads (zebra, pelican, puffin & toucan)
      and signal phases and upgrade or
      refurbish as needed

13    Examine feasibility of introducing           ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      further pedestrian crossing facilities to                                                  Team
      assist journeys to and from
      school/college

14    Review parking, waiting and loading          ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      restrictions at all schools/colleges and                                                   Team
      extend as necessary

15    Review 20mph limits and zones and            ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      other traffic calming measures at all                                                      Team
      schools/colleges and extend as
      necessary

16    Establish existing cycle routes to all       ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      schools/colleges and examine                                                               Team Strategic
      feasibility of further cycle lanes, routes                                                 Transport
      and crossings to promote cycling and
      enhance safety

17    Continue to investigate, design and          ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC –
      implement engineering measures,                                                            Team Road          Sustrans
      design and implement engineering                                                           Safety Team
      measures under the Safer Routes to                                                         Strategic
      Schools programme requested by                                                             Transport
      schools in STPs

~     Public Transport

18    Continue and accelerate                      ●      ●      ●                               Public Transport   TC –
      implementation of Quality Bus                                                              Team               Operators
      Partnerships and their encouragement
      of bus travel especially where services
      run close to schools/colleges

19    Complete review of Social, Community         ●                                             Education Team     TC
      and Education Transport across the
      Council and identify ongoing actions

20    Review and encourage upgrading of            ●      ●      ●                               Strategic          TC
      rail services through the Borough to                                                       Transport Public
      maximise the number of pupils using                                                        Transport Team
      the train on their journeys to and from
      school/college

      Road Safety

21    Continue to work with Essex Police to        ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      manage traffic speeds and improve                                                          Team
      driver behaviour

22    Prepare and disseminate a Motorcycle         ●      ●                                      Strategic          TC
      Strategy to encourage responsible                                                          Transport
      driver behaviour among those who

                                                                                                               38
SUSTAINABLE MODE OF TRAVEL STRATEGY – ACTION PLAN

Act   Outline of Actions                        Implementation                                Executive          Funding
ion
No.                                             Timetable                                     Responsibility     Sources
                                                2008   2009   2010-   2011-   2012-   2013-
                                                -09    -10    11      12      13      14
      wish to use this means of travel to and
      from their school/college

23    Continue annual prioritisation of         ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      hazardous links and junctions in the                                                    Team
      Borough’s road network to identify
      those locations most in need of
      remedial treatment

24    Increase the number of remedial           ●      ●      ●                               Engineering        TC
      treatment schemes investigated,                                                         Team Road
      designed and implemented each year                                                      Safety Team
      especially on routes to and from
      schools/colleges

25    Continue the Council’s road safety        ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      education and training schemes                                                          Team
      addressed to parents and children
      throughout their school/college careers

26    Extend the Kerbcraft initiative to all    ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      primary schools throughout the                                                          Team
      Borough

27    Extend the National Standards Cycle       ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      Training to all primary schools across                                                  Team
      the Borough

28    Continue to encourage                     ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      schools/colleges to integrate road                                                      Team Education
      safety education into the curriculum                                                    Team

29    Continue to support national road         ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      safety campaigns and initiatives                                                        Team
      promoted by the Department for
      Transport

      Research and Planning

30    Research and plan for transport           ●      ●      ●                               Education Team     TC
      implications of school activities at                                                    Strategic
      multiple locations and beyond                                                           Transport
      traditional times as well as travel
      between schools during the working
      day

31    Ensure new primary schools are            ●      ●      ●                               Education Team     TC
      centrally situated within their                                                         Planning Team
      catchment areas so as to maximise the                                                   Strategic
      scope for walking and cycling trip to                                                   Transport
      school

32    Ensure new secondary schools are          ●      ●      ●                               Education Team     TC
      located where accessibility on foot, by                                                 Planning Team
      cycle and by public transport can be                                                    Strategic
      maximised                                                                               Transport



                                                                                                            39
SUSTAINABLE MODE OF TRAVEL STRATEGY – ACTION PLAN

Act   Outline of Actions                        Implementation                                Executive          Funding
ion
No.                                             Timetable                                     Responsibility     Sources
                                                2008   2009   2010-   2011-   2012-   2013-
                                                -09    -10    11      12      13      14
33    Planning applications for                 ●      ●      ●                               Education Team     TC
      new/extended schools and colleges                                                       Road Safety
      not to be approved without agreed                                                       Team - Schools
      Travel Plan commitments                                                                 Planning Team
                                                                                              Strategic
                                                                                              Transport

34    Promote Sustainable Travel to Schools     ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      by campaigns, leaflets, competitions                                                    Team Schools
      and incentive schemes                                                                   Strategic
                                                                                              Transport

35    Extend Walk to School Week into Walk      ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      to School Month and run the event                                                       Team Schools
      twice a year, in both May and October                                                   Strategic
                                                                                              Transport

36    Strengthen the existing association       ●      ●      ●                               Strategic          TC –
      with SUSTRANS to encourage more                                                         Transport          Sustrans
      children and young people as well as                                                    SUSTRANS
      staff to cycle to schools/college                                                       Road Safety
                                                                                              Team

37    Include School Travel Plan data in all    ●      ●      ●                               Schools            Schools
      school / college prospectuses
      Administration

38    Prepare and publish Sustainable           ●      ●      ●                               Education Team     TC –
      Modes of Travel Strategy in hardcopy                                                    IT Team            DCSF
      format and on the Council’s website                                                     Road Safety
                                                                                              Team Strategic
                                                                                              Transport

39    Distribute copies to schools, libraries   ●      ●      ●                               Road Safety        TC
      and others as well as Government
      Departments

40    Review and update SMoTS every year        ●      ●      ●                               Education Team     TC –
                                                                                              Road Safety        DCSF
                                                                                              Team

41    Establish Sustainable Transport           ●      ●      ●                               Strategic          TC
      Advisory Group to promote, coordinate                                                   Transport
      and pursue integrated programme of                                                      Planning Team
      sustainable transport initiatives                                                       Education Team
                                                                                              Engineering
                                                                                              Team
                                                                                              SUSTRANS
                                                                                              Road Safety
                                                                                              Team

NOTES:
        1          TC refers to Thurrock Council
        2          DCSF refers to the Department of Children, Schools and Families
        3          DfT refers to the Department for Transport
                                                                                                            40
9 Promotion of the Strategy
The importance the Council attaches to sustainable travel is demonstrated
strongly in its Local Transport Plan and its more recent long term Transport
Strategy. Each of the strategies for individual transport modes – walking,
cycling, public transport also reinforce the message that there are benefits to
be gained from the use of these sustainable modes.

These benefits are not confined however to the reduction in congestion, delay
and travel time but extend also into health through both increased physical
activity which counters obesity and reduced vehicle emissions which minimise
the risk of asthma and respiratory infections.

Healthier children and young people are able to apply themselves better to
learning and the Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy is therefore a key
element in the Council’s endeavours to enhance the education and skills of its
children and young people and to fulfil the Government’s aspirations for every
child in the country.

The Council’s encouragement and support for sustainable travel modes and
in particular its Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy will need both
continuous promotion and regular reinforcement through specific publicity
campaigns and incentives.

The central feature of the promotional regime will be the School Travel Plan
and the habits and activities it engenders.

Local communities will also be informed and reminded about sustainable
travel to school issues. Regular media coverage and website updates
together with a rolling programme of publicity events and campaigns will
promote and reinforce the messages of health, education and environmental
benefits of sustainable travel to school.




10 Funding, Implementation
and Monitoring
a. Funding
The Government has provided funding from its Capital Fund to enable
authorities to meet the duties required of them by the Education and
Inspections Act ( 2006 ), namely to prepare a Sustainable Modes of Travel
Strategy.

The infrastructure to encourage sustainable travel as well as to maintain
safety on the highway (roads, footpaths, cycle paths) is provided through the
                                                                               41
Council’s Integrated Transport Programme with its annual commitments to
invest in the Safer Routes to Schools programme, further cycling and walking
facilities and safety management schemes.

The Council is also actively searching for additional funding to supplement its
own widely stretched resources. Opportunities are being explored with the,
Lottery Funding, European Funds and the NHS.

The Council’s Strategic Transport team may be in a position to obtain
additional funds from those sources. The Council will also bid for a share of
funds from SUSTRANS’ Safer Routes to Schools programme

Funds may also be available from other organisations and efforts should be
made to arrange sponsorship deals with local cycle shops.

b. Implementation
Implementation of the strategy is already underway through the day to day
work of the Council’s School Travel Adviser and its Strategic Transport,
Education, Engineering and Road Safety teams and others as well as the
schools and colleges themselves.

In addition the Council will actively seek to deliver all those works and tasks
specifically outlined in the Action Plan through the leadership of the proposed
Sustainable Travel Advisory Group which will form the executive agency
coordinating inputs and contributions from each of its member professional
teams.

Those new schemes, measures and initiatives proposed in the Action Plan
will be put in hand according to the timescale of the Plan or sooner should
opportunities arise.

c. Monitoring
As it does with all its strategies and investments the Council will monitor and
regularly review the effectiveness of its Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy
against the targets established. The Strategy will then be updated annually
as necessary.

In the light of the scale of development planned for Thurrock in the coming
years the Council has now adopted a revised long term Transport Strategy
which will guide its priorities for the remaining period of LTP2 up to 2011. As
part of this new strategy the Council will monitor performance relating to road
safety.

d. Indicators
Performance relating to road accidents will be monitored and reported
annually. However although it is an important strategic indicator it does not
relate specifically to the journey to and from school / college which is the main
thrust of the Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy.


                                                                                42
Overall, around one third of all the personal injuries across Thurrock are
sustained on the motorway and trunk road network (M25, A13, A282 and
A1089). Thurrock has no authority or control over these roads although the
Council has strengthened its relationship with the Highways Agency to seek to
reduce these accidents. Yet these are not the routes along which most of the
journeys to and from school / college in Thurrock travel. Accordingly while
this indicator is measured by the Council’s Engineering Team it is the local
road system, controlled by the Council, which carries the great majority of
school trips and which is the focus of this Strategy.

The key safety performance indicator for this strategy is the number of
children killed or seriously injured in Thurrock. Also important are the
numbers of children slightly injured as well as the actual numbers of accidents
which gave rise to those casualties. In both cases this should be related as
closely as possible to the journeys to and from school / college in the context
of the SMoT Strategy.

Indicators relating to accessibility will continue to be monitored – the
combined average percentage of residents living in Tilbury and Purfleet within
30 minutes journey by public transport of Post 16 Education opportunities – is
being monitored as a component of the Council’s Accessibility Strategy.

The mode share of journeys to school – is the key indicator which will reflect
the effectiveness of the Sustainable Modes of Travel Strategy. Modes of
Transport returns will be monitored to identify how children travel to school.



e. Summary
This strategy will be available for view on the Thurrock Council website, all
schools and participants will be made aware of the document and where it
can be found.

The action plan will help to achieve sustainable modes of transport throughout
the Borough with the help of partnership working with all departments.

The strategy will be updated, progress reported on and merging issues and
changing circumstances reflected in the document. As part of this process,
any views and comments from interested parties will be welcomed on a
continuous basis throughout the life of the strategy. This will help maintain its
relevance in influencing other policies and decision making and ensure it
continues to evolve to meet emerging needs.




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