AP Government Review Session
3 Branches Interest Groups Political Parties Public Policy
100 100 100 100
200 200 200 200
300 300 300 300
400 400 400 400
500 500 500 500
Reserved to the Congress
Enumerated powers are
Row 1, Col 1
Benefits that have monetary value,
including money, gifts, services, or discounts
received as a result of one’s membership
in an organization.
A party that values principle stands on issues
above all else, including winning. It claims to have a
comprehensive view of American society and
government radically different from
that of established parties
A policy in educational admissions
or job hiring that gives special
consideration or compensatory
treatment to traditionally
disadvantaged groups in an effort
to overcome present
effects of past discrimination is:
Which of the following is true of nominees for federal judgeships?
A.) They are recruited from the current pool of United States attorneys.
B.) They are nominated by the Senate and
approved by the House of Representatives.
C.) They are elected in popular elections in individual states.
D.) They must receive the approval of the
American Bar Association upon nomination.
E.) They are appointed for life by the President
with the advice and consent of the Senate
Which of the following is a correct statement about PAC's?
A.) The number of PAC's has remained stable over the past decade.
B.) Most PAC money is distributed to challengers in an effort to
unseat hostile incumbents.
C.) The amount of money that PAC's can contribute directly
to an individual candidate is limited by law.
D.) PAC's are illegal in most states.
E.) PAC's rarely attempt to influence legislation through
The use of direct primaries instead of the convention system in
selecting presidential candidates results in which of the following?
I.) A weakening of party control over nominations
II.) A reduction in the costs of election campaigns
III.) An increase in the number of people involved
in the choice of candidates
IV.) An increase in voter turnout in midterm elections
A.) I and III only
B.) II and IV only
C.) III and IV only
D.) I, II, and III only
E.) I, II, III, and IV
Which of the following best characterizes the influence of the news
media on public opinion in the United States?
A.) They alter the public's views on issues.
B.) They affect which issues the public thinks are important.
C.) They determine how citizens will vote.
D.) They are most able to influence people with
the highest level of education.
E.) They are most able to influence the urban sectors of society
A "cloture motion" passed in the Senate does which of the following?
A.) Returns a bill to committee.
B.) Cuts off debate on a bill.
C.) Criticizes a senator guilty of improprieties.
D.) Removes a President who has been impeached by the House.
E.) Brings a bill directly to a vote without formal committee approval
Which of the following factors best accounts for the rise of interest
groups and the decline of political parties in recent years?
A.) National parties have become too closely identified with controversial issues.
B.) Court decisions have restricted the political parties' abilities to recruit
C.) It is less expensive to join an interest group than to join a political party.
D.) Interest groups have been more successful in avoiding negative
press coverage than have political parties.
E.) Interest groups are better able to articulate specific policy positions
than are political parties
Of the following, which group voted most heavily Democratic in
presidential elections between 1964 and 1992?
A.) Mexican Americans
B.) Chinese Americans
C.) Jewish Americans
D.) Black Americans
E.) Roman Catholic Americans
To enforce the Fourteenth Amendment more clearly,
Congress passed the
A.) Civil Rights Act of 1964
B.) Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act
C.) Social Security Act
D.) Twenty-sixth Amendment
E.) War Powers Resolutio
Agreement among four justices on the Supreme Court
is always sufficient to
A.) decide the outcome of the case
B.) write a majority opinion
C.) set a precedent
D.) overturn a lower court's opinion
E.) accept a case for consideration
In The Federalist papers, James Madison expressed the view that
A.) should be nurtured by a free nation
B.) should play a minor role in any free nation
C.) are central to the creation of a free nation
D.) are undesirable but inevitable in a free nation
E.) are necessary to control the masses in a free nation
A ______ was a political party gathering held to
nominate candidates, set party rules,
and create a party platform.
B.) Special election
C.) Direct Primary
D.) Blanket Primary
E.) Recall Election
Plessy v Ferguson established this concept and
Brown vs. Board of Education overturned it:
A.) Gender discrimination
B.) Separate but equal doctrine
C.) Sexual harassment
D.) De facto segregation
The framers of the Constitution all believed that one of the primary
functions of government is
A.) educating citizens
B.) protecting individual property rights
C.) protecting new immigrants from persecution
D.) expanding the borders of the nation
E.) ensuring that anyone accused of a crime has the
right to legal representation
While interest groups and political parties each play a significant
role in the United States political system, they differ in their
(a) Identify the fundamental goal of interest groups in the political
(b) Identify the fundamental goal of major political parties in the
(c) Describe two different ways by which interest groups support
the fundamental goal of political parties in the political process
(d) For one of the forms of support you described in (c), explain
two different ways in which that form of support helps interest
groups to achieve their fundamental goal in the political process
In the United States Congress, the majority party exerts a
substantial influence over lawmaking. However, even when one
party has a numerical majority in each chamber of the United States
Congress, there is no guarantee that legislation supported by that
majority party will be passed by both chambers. Rules of each
chamber independently influence the likelihood that legislation will
pass in that chamber; legislation passed by one chamber is not
always passed by the other.
(a) Describe two advantages the majority party in the United States
House of Representatives has in lawmaking,
above and beyond the numerical advantage that that majority party
enjoys in floor voting.
(b) Describe two differences between House and Senate rules that
may make it likely that legislation may pass
in one chamber but not in the other.
(c) Explain how the differences identified in (b) can lead to the
passage of a bill in one chamber but not in the
Fiscal policy and monetary policy are two tools used by
the federal government to influence the United States
economy. The executive and legislative branches share
the responsibility of setting fiscal policy. The Federal
Reserve Board has the primary role of setting monetary
(a) Define fiscal policy.
(b) Describe one significant way the executive branch
influences fiscal policy.
(c) Describe one significant way the legislative branch
influences fiscal policy.
(d) Define monetary policy.
(e) Explain two reasons why the Federal Reserve Board
is given independence in establishing monetary policy 5,4