Circe_ Calypso _ Ino

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					Circe, Calypso & Ino

Scheming Enchantress,
 Concealer of Men &
    Flashing Gull
Circe - #7
Calypso - #12
             Circe
                        Circe offering Odysseus a cup of
 Goddess &              wine.
  Sorceress
 Island of Aeaea
 Daughter of Helios
  & Perse
 Possesses power
  for spiritual
  purification
                     Circe
Best known for her ability to turn
men into swine [as she did with
Odysseus’ men]




  Painting of Circe turning Odysseus’ men into swine.
                         Circe
Devoted to Hecate : Goddess   Renowned for knowledge of
of enchantment and Queen of    magic & poisonous herbs
witches




          Hecate                         Circe
                    Circe

                   Circe’s   house

Turned Scylla
into a monster
because she was
jealous.
                                                                              Audio




This is a black figure vase from C. 4th century BCE. This Greek vase shows Circe offering
Odysseus the distorted wine. Notice the dagger in Odysseus’ right hand, which he will use
to threaten Circe as Hermes advised. To the right of Circe is a weaving loom, which in Greek
culture was a skill that women were expected to master. It suggests that this is something
that Circe excels at. The way Odysseus is portrayed as an old, weak-looking man is
interesting, as his appearance is usually very appealing with distinct, young features. It is
possible the artist decided to portray him this way to represent his miserable state from his
years of endless traveling. In Ancient Greece, the type of hat Odysseus is wearing is known
as a traveling hat, which for the purposes of this vase, marks him as a wanderer. Also, it is
interesting that the shape of the cup Circe has in her hands, is the same exact shape as the
vase that the art it self was created on.
                       Audio

                   In this illustration Odysseus
                   is threatening Circe with his
                   sword. On the floor is the
                   wine vase that contained the
                   distorted wine she offered
                   him. Notice Circe’s facial
                   expression and body
                   language. She looks sweet
                   as if she is asking for mercy
                   and using her charm to
                   make Odysseus drop his
                   sword. Clearly Odysseus is
                   portrayed very differently in
                   this drawing, compared to
                   the previous black figure
Odysseus & Circe
                                                                                                    Audio




Black figure cup depicting Circe turning Odysseus’ men into swine. (550-525 BC): Many of the men
begin turning into animals as Circe stirs her potion and continues serving it. We can see several men
already changing, as one man has a boars head, and another man has the head and neck of a lion. It is
interesting to see the man on the far right (still a man) looking as if he is escaping as he looks over his
shoulder. Perhaps this is Eurylochus. A dog sits below Circe, possibly a man that has already been
transformed, or maybe just a loyal pet of Circe’s.
                 Ino     ~ Flashing Gull



Daughter of Cadmus &
Harmonia
Athamas’ wife
Became Sea Deity
Ino & all her sisters
suffered some tragic
fate in their lives.
Queen of Orchomenus
Ino was Athamas’ second husband. His first wife
was Nephele, and they had two children, Phrixus and
Helle.
 Ino plotted against her stepchildren and persuaded
all the women in the city to parch their wheat and not
tell their husbands.
Naturally there was a poor harvest and so the
people went to an oracle for help. She falsified the
oracle and bribed him to tell the people that if they
sacrificed Phrixus [ her stepson] that the Gods would
be happy and their wheat would grow again.
                         Ino    ~ Flashing Gull



                    The people prepared to
                    sacrifice Phrixus but Nephele
                    saved her children by sending a
                    golden ram to save them.
                    Helle fell off the ram over seas
                    and drowned in Hellepsont
                    [named after her] but Phrixus
                    made it to safety. drawing
                                This
This sculpture                 displays Phrixus on
depicts Helle and               the ram flying to
Phrixus on the                  safety. Notice he is
golden ram.                     alone because Helle
                                has already fallen off.
                           Dionysis was given
                           to Athamas & Ino.
     Ino & Dionysis II     Zeus bore Dionysis
                           II from his theigh, and
                           Hera was furious. She
                           decided to destroy
                           Ino & Athamas for
                           protecting the child of
                           her husband’s
                           mistress.
                           Hera had Tisiphone
                           [Erinye] injure their
                           minds and they both
                           went insane.
Ino nursing Dionysis II.
                           Ino ended her life
                           in her insanity, by
                           jumping off a cliff
       Ino
Ino was the
granddaughter of
Aprhodite, and
Aprhodite had always
liked her, so she
asked Poseidon if he
would make Ino and
her son a sea deities.     Tisiphone injuring the minds of
                           Athamas & Ino.
Ino became known
as the White Goddess
and lived in the sea
giving aid to sailors in
need.
Ino & Phrixus: Red Figure Vase Painting
                                This vase painting
                               depicts Ino attempting to
                               kill her stepson Phrixus.
                               Ino is displayed holding
                               an axe in her right hand as
                               she tries to kill him.
                               Phrixus is getting away
                               and is next to the golden
                               ram which was sent by his
                               mother to save him.
This terra-
cotta sculpture
depicts Phrixus
on the golden
ram. Notice the
fish below the
front hooves of
the ram. They
probably
represent that
the ram is flying
over the sea.
                    Phrixus - Ino’s Stepson
Calypso ~         Concealer of Men
                          A sea nymph
                          What is a Nymph?
                         Any of the minor divinities of
                         nature represented as beautiful
                         maidens dwelling in the
                         mountains, forests, trees and
                         waters.
                          Island of Ogygia
                          Daughter of Titan Atlas
                          Very little else is known about
                         Calypso other than her dealings
 Statue of Calypso      with Odysseus in The Odyssey.
Calypso                 Circe                   Ino



                                           Post-classical
3 handled water jar   Black figure vase
                                           panting by an
                      depicting Odysseus
(C. 390 - 380 BC)     & Circe              Italian artist,
                                           Tibaldo

Calyspo, Circe & Ino all had different roles in
The Odyssey and had different relationships
with Odysseus. They all impacted his journey in
some way.
“You poor man. You can stop grieving now                      Audio
And pining away. I’m sending you home.
Look, here’s a bronze axe. Cut some long timbers
And make yourself a raft fitted with topdecks,
Something that will get you across the sea’s misty spaces.
I’ll stock it with fresh water, food and red wine-
Hearty provisions that will stave off hunger - and
I’ll clothe you well and send you a following wind
To bring you home safely to your own native land,
If such is the will of the gods of high heaven,
Whose minds and powers are stronger than mine.”
-Calypso (Book 5, lines 160 - 170, pg.74-75, Lombardo translation)
The End
Bibliography
Terracotta Phrixus Sculpture / Phrixus & Ino vase:
Precourt, B. Mythology. 2004. 14 Feb. 2005
<www.uwn.edu/course/mythology/1000/oedipus.htm>.

Calypso Statue / Ino & Dionysis II pic:
Parada, Carlos. Greek Mythology Link. 14 Feb.
2005
<www.uwn.edu/course/mythology/1000/oedipus.htm>
 Calypso & Odysseus vase:
 Good, Walter. 14 Feb. 2005
 <www.paeonia.ch/hist/daph/uk/kunst/CALYPSOE.htm>.
 Circe & Odysseus Vase:
 The Odyssey Online. 15 Feb. 2005
 <rhapsodes.homestaead.com/odyssey.html>.
Ino & Odysseus Painting & Circe/Odysseus Vase:
Other Adventures of Odysseus. 15 Feb. 2005
<ccwf.cc.utexas.edu/.../Odyssey/adventures.html>.
Circe & Odysseus Drawing:
Hamilton, Edith. Edith Hamilton’s Mythology. New York: Little Brown &
Company, 1999
Odysseus Main Map Graphic:
Locke, . 2002. The Odyssey. 15 Feb. 2005
<www.mrlocke.net/English one/Epic/>.
 Circe Painting:
 Circe In Greek Mythology. 15 Feb. 2005
 <waltm.net/Circe.htm>.
Circe & Odysseus vase:
Due Hackney, Casey. January 2004. Greek Art and
Archaeology. 15 Feb. 2005
<www.uh.edu/~cldue/3397/odyssey_lecture.html>.
Circe & Odysseus Vase:
22 August 2001. Index of Classics & Art Museum
Mythology. 15 Feb. 2005 <www.beloit.edu/. ../Odyssey>.
 Circe & Odysseus’ men painting:
 The Isle of Circe. 15 Feb. 2005
<www.auburn.edu/.../gainey/homer/circe.html>.
 Circe’s House:
 Circe Enchants Odysseus' Crew. 15 Feb. 2005
 <http://www.philipresheph.com/demodokos/odyssey/pi
 c80.htm>.
Scylla Statue:
Joe, Jimmy. Classical Mythology. 1999. Timeless
Myths. 15 Feb. 2005
<http://www.timelessmyths.com/classical/beasts.html>.
 Hecate Picture:
Hecate Goddess of Magic. 15 Feb. 2005
<http://www.linsdomain.com/gods&goddesses/hecate.htm>.
 Ino Picture:
 Design Ino. Independent Marine Design. 15 Feb. 2005
 <http://www.designino.com/>.
 Ino/Athamas Picture:
 The University of Vermont. 2003. 15 Feb. 2005
 <http://www.uvm.edu/~classics/?Page=mainpagelinks/ambrose.html>.
 Phrixus & Ram Drawing:
  Wilkes, Diane. 1998. 15 Feb. 2005
  <http://www.tarotpassages.com/bursten12.htm>.
 Helle & Phrixus sculpture:
 Fairbanks, Avard. Fairbanks Art & Books. 2003.
 15 Feb. 2005
 <http://www.fairbanksartbooks.com/FantasySculptu
 re.html>.

				
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