Circe, Calypso & Ino
Concealer of Men &
Circe - #7
Calypso - #12
Circe offering Odysseus a cup of
Goddess & wine.
Island of Aeaea
Daughter of Helios
Best known for her ability to turn
men into swine [as she did with
Painting of Circe turning Odysseus’ men into swine.
Devoted to Hecate : Goddess Renowned for knowledge of
of enchantment and Queen of magic & poisonous herbs
into a monster
because she was
This is a black figure vase from C. 4th century BCE. This Greek vase shows Circe offering
Odysseus the distorted wine. Notice the dagger in Odysseus’ right hand, which he will use
to threaten Circe as Hermes advised. To the right of Circe is a weaving loom, which in Greek
culture was a skill that women were expected to master. It suggests that this is something
that Circe excels at. The way Odysseus is portrayed as an old, weak-looking man is
interesting, as his appearance is usually very appealing with distinct, young features. It is
possible the artist decided to portray him this way to represent his miserable state from his
years of endless traveling. In Ancient Greece, the type of hat Odysseus is wearing is known
as a traveling hat, which for the purposes of this vase, marks him as a wanderer. Also, it is
interesting that the shape of the cup Circe has in her hands, is the same exact shape as the
vase that the art it self was created on.
In this illustration Odysseus
is threatening Circe with his
sword. On the floor is the
wine vase that contained the
distorted wine she offered
him. Notice Circe’s facial
expression and body
language. She looks sweet
as if she is asking for mercy
and using her charm to
make Odysseus drop his
sword. Clearly Odysseus is
portrayed very differently in
this drawing, compared to
the previous black figure
Odysseus & Circe
Black figure cup depicting Circe turning Odysseus’ men into swine. (550-525 BC): Many of the men
begin turning into animals as Circe stirs her potion and continues serving it. We can see several men
already changing, as one man has a boars head, and another man has the head and neck of a lion. It is
interesting to see the man on the far right (still a man) looking as if he is escaping as he looks over his
shoulder. Perhaps this is Eurylochus. A dog sits below Circe, possibly a man that has already been
transformed, or maybe just a loyal pet of Circe’s.
Ino ~ Flashing Gull
Daughter of Cadmus &
Became Sea Deity
Ino & all her sisters
suffered some tragic
fate in their lives.
Queen of Orchomenus
Ino was Athamas’ second husband. His first wife
was Nephele, and they had two children, Phrixus and
Ino plotted against her stepchildren and persuaded
all the women in the city to parch their wheat and not
tell their husbands.
Naturally there was a poor harvest and so the
people went to an oracle for help. She falsified the
oracle and bribed him to tell the people that if they
sacrificed Phrixus [ her stepson] that the Gods would
be happy and their wheat would grow again.
Ino ~ Flashing Gull
The people prepared to
sacrifice Phrixus but Nephele
saved her children by sending a
golden ram to save them.
Helle fell off the ram over seas
and drowned in Hellepsont
[named after her] but Phrixus
made it to safety. drawing
This sculpture displays Phrixus on
depicts Helle and the ram flying to
Phrixus on the safety. Notice he is
golden ram. alone because Helle
has already fallen off.
Dionysis was given
to Athamas & Ino.
Ino & Dionysis II Zeus bore Dionysis
II from his theigh, and
Hera was furious. She
decided to destroy
Ino & Athamas for
protecting the child of
Hera had Tisiphone
[Erinye] injure their
minds and they both
Ino nursing Dionysis II.
Ino ended her life
in her insanity, by
jumping off a cliff
Ino was the
Aprhodite had always
liked her, so she
asked Poseidon if he
would make Ino and
her son a sea deities. Tisiphone injuring the minds of
Athamas & Ino.
Ino became known
as the White Goddess
and lived in the sea
giving aid to sailors in
Ino & Phrixus: Red Figure Vase Painting
This vase painting
depicts Ino attempting to
kill her stepson Phrixus.
Ino is displayed holding
an axe in her right hand as
she tries to kill him.
Phrixus is getting away
and is next to the golden
ram which was sent by his
mother to save him.
on the golden
ram. Notice the
fish below the
front hooves of
the ram. They
the ram is flying
over the sea.
Phrixus - Ino’s Stepson
Calypso ~ Concealer of Men
A sea nymph
What is a Nymph?
Any of the minor divinities of
nature represented as beautiful
maidens dwelling in the
mountains, forests, trees and
Island of Ogygia
Daughter of Titan Atlas
Very little else is known about
Calypso other than her dealings
Statue of Calypso with Odysseus in The Odyssey.
Calypso Circe Ino
3 handled water jar Black figure vase
panting by an
(C. 390 - 380 BC) & Circe Italian artist,
Calyspo, Circe & Ino all had different roles in
The Odyssey and had different relationships
with Odysseus. They all impacted his journey in
“You poor man. You can stop grieving now Audio
And pining away. I’m sending you home.
Look, here’s a bronze axe. Cut some long timbers
And make yourself a raft fitted with topdecks,
Something that will get you across the sea’s misty spaces.
I’ll stock it with fresh water, food and red wine-
Hearty provisions that will stave off hunger - and
I’ll clothe you well and send you a following wind
To bring you home safely to your own native land,
If such is the will of the gods of high heaven,
Whose minds and powers are stronger than mine.”
-Calypso (Book 5, lines 160 - 170, pg.74-75, Lombardo translation)
Terracotta Phrixus Sculpture / Phrixus & Ino vase:
Precourt, B. Mythology. 2004. 14 Feb. 2005
Calypso Statue / Ino & Dionysis II pic:
Parada, Carlos. Greek Mythology Link. 14 Feb.
Calypso & Odysseus vase:
Good, Walter. 14 Feb. 2005
Circe & Odysseus Vase:
The Odyssey Online. 15 Feb. 2005
Ino & Odysseus Painting & Circe/Odysseus Vase:
Other Adventures of Odysseus. 15 Feb. 2005
Circe & Odysseus Drawing:
Hamilton, Edith. Edith Hamilton’s Mythology. New York: Little Brown &
Odysseus Main Map Graphic:
Locke, . 2002. The Odyssey. 15 Feb. 2005
Circe In Greek Mythology. 15 Feb. 2005
Circe & Odysseus vase:
Due Hackney, Casey. January 2004. Greek Art and
Archaeology. 15 Feb. 2005
Circe & Odysseus Vase:
22 August 2001. Index of Classics & Art Museum
Mythology. 15 Feb. 2005 <www.beloit.edu/. ../Odyssey>.
Circe & Odysseus’ men painting:
The Isle of Circe. 15 Feb. 2005
Circe Enchants Odysseus' Crew. 15 Feb. 2005
Joe, Jimmy. Classical Mythology. 1999. Timeless
Myths. 15 Feb. 2005
Hecate Goddess of Magic. 15 Feb. 2005
Design Ino. Independent Marine Design. 15 Feb. 2005
The University of Vermont. 2003. 15 Feb. 2005
Phrixus & Ram Drawing:
Wilkes, Diane. 1998. 15 Feb. 2005
Helle & Phrixus sculpture:
Fairbanks, Avard. Fairbanks Art & Books. 2003.
15 Feb. 2005