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									Workshop “Instruments for Making
Web Accessibility a Reality”
Paris - 30 Jan 2006




           European Actions
           in favour of e-accessibility

            Unit “e-Inclusion” (François JUNIQUE)
                    Per BLIXT  Paul TIMMERS , Ima PLACENCIA

            Directorate “ICT for Citizens and Businesses”
                    Frans de BRUÏNE

                europa.eu.int/information_society/policy/accessibility/
Inclusion & Digital Divide
       EU / EC policy developments

 Elderly People         e-Accessibility                               Social              Regional
 & Persons with                                                       issues               issues
                - ICT for Independent Living
    Disability
                - No new barriers from ICT
                                                                Low education,               Remote
                                                                Unemployment,                 areas
              - Design for All (mainstream +                         etc
                  assistive technology)
 eEurope
  (1998-      - Public Web accessibility                                                  Broad-band
  2002-       - Review of existing

  2005)           Regulations & Standards

   i2010      e-Inclusion: ICT for inclusion + inclusive ICT
  (2005-                  Analysis, monitoring, awareness, coordination, …
  2010)                  MS + EC (policy, financing, regulation) : “2008 initiative”
 3rd pillar

                    Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                              European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   2
i2010/Inclusion – eInclusion
       “2008 EC initiative” preparation

• eAccessibility                                            Exclusion
• ICT & Aging (AAL)                                          factors
• Digital Literacy
• Geographical digital divide
•…
                                           Individual &
                                           Collective                          Intervening
    awareness, access (incl.               Benefits                                 Actors
  affordability), accessibility &
   usability, skills, contents &
                                             2006:
   services, trust & security,
 contextual factors & “enabling              • RIGA Ministerial conference
 environments” (social capital,              • EC work on Independent Living
      communities, family,
                                             2007:
            workplace)
                                             • EC work on eInclusion

                   Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                             European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   3
i2010/Inclusion : 2005
       Need for EC intervention on eAccessibility

 Deployment of existing policies is uneven & slow in Europe
Technical requirements & standards being developed nationally
 Despite own efforts Industry lacks incentive to
mainstream eAccessibility (not enough timely/anticipating solutions)
 Accessible ICT goods and services not competitive enough

                           increasing risk of digital divide
Need for
• promoting a consistent approach to EU eAccessibility initiatives
         in the Member states, on a voluntary basis,
• fostering industry self regulation to better meet market needs

Policy objective: Increase the availability of
                quality Accessible ICT products and services in Europe


                 Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                           European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   4
i2010/Inclusion : Sept 2005
     EC Communication on eAccessibility

       Legal                  Accessible ICT
     measures                  Products &
    (better use)                 Services                              Web
                                                                   accessibility
Certification
  (explore)
                                                                           Benchmark
                                                                           & monitor
    Public
 procurement

                                                                            REVIEW IN
      Accessibility           Design              Research                   2 YEARS
     requirements             for all
      & standards                                                              TIME

                Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                          European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   5
i2010/Inclusion – eAcc. 2005 EC COM
“eAccessibility potential of existing EU legislation”

Various cases with existing articles in EU directives
1. Asking MS to take initiatives

2. Permitting MS to take initiatives

3. Allowing EC actions



Various opportunities (national transpositions, revisions)

Examples
 Electronic Communication Framework Directives (ECFD)
  & Universal Service Directive (USD) 
 Terminal Directives (RTTE) 
 Employment Equality Directive (reasonable accommodation)
 Public Procurement Directives


                 Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                           European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   6
i2010/Inclusion – eAcc. 2005 EC COM
ICT Public procurement: Requirements Int. WS 2004
    Different approaches internationally (converging?), but general
     consensus that using public procurement to promote
     accessibility of ICT is a good thing
    Strong need for internationally harmonised standards /
     requirements (suitable for use in procurement)
    Such standards / requirements to be “objective” (and seen to be
     so), and endorsed by all the relevant stakeholders
    Confusion (partly semantic) about the term “voluntary”; different
     meanings in different contexts (standards, self regulation, self
     certification….); industry generally favours voluntary approaches
    The user view is that requirements must be mandatory, based on
     objectively defined standards / requirements, and be
     independently verifiable
    Real need for supports for procurers, e.g. toolkits
    All stakeholders appreciate the benefits of working together
     and are committed to continuing this.

                  Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                            European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   7
i2010/Inclusion – eAcc. 2005 EC COM
Public procurement EU Directives : the „hooks‟
    The preambles :
    “Contracting authorities should, whenever possible, lay down
     technical specifications so as to take into account accessibility
     criteria for people with disabilities or design for all users.”
    The specific Articles on technical specifications :
    “Whenever possible […] should be defined so as to take into account
     accessibility criteria for people with disabilities or DfA.”

   Award phase…
     the criteria on which the contracting authorities shall base the
       award of public contracts shall either:
     (a) when the awards is made to the tender most economically
       advantageous from the point of view of the contracting
       authority, various criteria linked to the subject matter of
       the public contract in question, for example quality,
       price, technical merit, aesthetic and functional
       characteristics, environmental characteristics,….
     (b) the lowest price


                   Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                             European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   8
i2010/Inclusion – eAcc. 2005 EC COM
ICT Public procurement : EC Mandate to the ESOs

   Phase I: Inventory
      Technology products (ICT)
      Existing accessibility requirements & Gaps
      Existing standards to comply with accessibility
       requirements
      Assessment: requirements as technical specifications/ award
       criteria
      Report on testing and conformity assessment schemes
   Phase II: Standardisation
      European standard (EN) Accessibility requirements for ICT
       domain, to be used as technical specifications
      Technical report (TR) listing existing technical standards
      Guidelines on award criteria
      Guidance and support material
   On line freely accessible toolkit

                  Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                            European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   9
i2010/Inclusion – eAcc. 2005 EC COM
        Conformance & Certification

   Various ways to demonstrate conformance to eAccessibility
    requirements for a product or service: e.g. self-declaration,
    third party certification or process management, …
   Various contexts: public procurements, (some) Member States
    legislation, industry products marketing, [testing with users?] …
   Various bases: requirements standards/guidelines, quality
    criteria, assessment, reference material,…
    (conditional or qualitative comparison awards)
   Various clients: end users, industry, public authorities, …
   Various conditions: mandatory/voluntary, label or not, …

         Workshop in Brussels - 27 March 2006
        + international cooperation
       Users trust, Industry effort recognition, reliable method/process


                   Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                             European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   10
i2010/Inclusion – eAcc. 2005 EC COM
        Measuring progress of eAccessibility in Europe

Study (just launched)
   Review of the existing methodologies & indicators.
   Survey of existing actions which have improved eAccessibility
   Methodology to monitor and identify
   Methodology to measure
       rate of eAccessibility in the Member States, experienced by people
        with disabilities and older people.
       rate of eAccessibility, experienced by other stakeholders.
   First measurement and analysis of the data. (12m)
   Second measurement and analysis of the data. (24 m)
   Final report including conclusions and policy recommendations
   2 supporting workshops



                    Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                              European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   11
EC supported Research
       eAccessibility & eInclusion history

1991
       TIDE - Pilot + Bridge Phase               21 + 55 projects               14 + 38 M€
1993
1996   FP4 - TAP : Disability and Elderly                    53 projects               50 M€

1998   FP5 - IST : Special Needs                              40 projects              60 M€


2002   FP6 - IST eInclusion + Policy Support 30 projects     70 M€
               + IST AAL for the Ageing Society … (new Call)

2007   FP7 (ERA, Lisbon) 7years - budget?               eInclusion…
               “Cooperation, Ideas, People, Capacities”
              Instruments: continuity + technology platforms
                              & joint initiatives (EU Article 171)
              Research Council, EC agencies?

                 Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                           European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   12
EC supported Research
                                                         FP6 2002-2006 – Priorities/ERA/instruments
                                                                               Integrating European Research
                                                                     Priority Themes                                                                                                                                                                            Anticipating s/t needs          Main Instruments
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Policy-         Frontier         - Integrated Projects 
                                                                Nanotech., intelligent mat., new




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               oriented        research,
Genomics and biotechnology




                                                                                                                            Food safety and health risks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               research        unexpected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                - Networks of Excellence

                                                                                                                                                           Sustainable development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               developments




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in the knowledge society
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Citizens and governance
                                                                                                    Aeronautics and space
                                          Information society



                                                                production processes




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Specific SME activities          - Specific Targeted
                                                                                                                                                                                     and global change                                                                                              Research Projects
                                          technologies




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Specific international
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               cooperation activities           - Specific Support Actions
                             for health




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               JRC activities                   - Coordination Actions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                + Art. 169
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Strengthening
                                                         Structuring ERA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ERA foundations
Research                                              Human                                        Research                                                Science                                                                                              Coordination     Support to
and                                                   resources                                    infra-                                                  and                                                                                                  of research      research and
innovation                                            & mobility                                   structures                                              society                                                                                              activities       innovation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 policy



                                                                                                                            Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”                                                                                                                              PARIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                         European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)                                               30 Jan 2006   13
EC supported Research
        Some ideas for eInclusion in FP7

   Understanding the Challenge: role of technology in
    addressing individuals/ communities' needs
   Use of ICT
    to provide content for improving social capital & citizenship
    and to increase eSkills
   Ensuring equal access and participation: removal and
    prevention of technological barriers: DfA & (new AT)
   Services & tools to foster the inclusion process: supporting
    professionals, family and mediators
   Horizontal issues: Identification of good ICT policies,
    benchmark indicators, cooperation (MS & international)


+ Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) ‘Article 169’


                  Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”               PARIS
                            European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)   30 Jan 2006   14
“European Actions in favour of e-accessibility”
       i2010 & R&D FP - EC Calendar

       eAccessibility             legislation                 eInclusion                 R&D+CIP
 …     - PP Int. WS          - reviews                        eEurope               FP6 c2 + P8

2005   - eAcc. EC COM        -   RTTE Dir.                    i2010 3i               - FP6 c5
                             -   …                                                   - CIP def.


2006   -   Study Φ1          - CoCom rep.                 - RIGA Min. conf.          - FP6 c6 „AAL
       -   PP req.  ESOs      for ECFD                   + Action Plan              for the
       -   Conform. WS                                    - I.L. EC work
                                                                                     Ageing Soc.‟


2007   - PP common                      …                 - eIncl. EC work                 FP7
       req. Φ1 Φ2                                                                       starts…

2008   - Study Φ2 &               Possible new                 ‘Major EC
       conclusions              introduction ?                Initiative’



                   Workshop “Instruments for Making Web Accessibility a Reality”                PARIS
                             European Actions in favour of e-accessibility (F.Junique)    30 Jan 2006   15

								
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