Field Manual

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					University of Miami Built Environment Coding System Manual
                          (UMBECS)


               Funded by Robert Wood Johnson Grant No. 037377
                 and NIMH Grant No. R01 MH 063709 (PI: J. Szapocznik)




                                                                 Field Manual
                                                        East Little Havana Map
                                                                        Introduction
                                                              Jornada Procedures
                                                                               Screens


  Joanna Lombard                       Frank Martinez                      Craig Mason
  Dr. José Szapocznik                Deborah Gorman-Smith          Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk


                                                                         Revised 11/27/2000
                                            1
                                  Table of Contents

Introduction


General Field Procedures


Jornada Procedures
    Getting Started

    Field Use

    Downloading & Retrieval

    Help Numbers


Location Maps


Screens




                              2
INTRODUCTION

Architecture faculty Frank Martinez, Joanna Lombard,
and Dean Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Psychology faculty
member, Craig Mason, and Deborah Gorman-Smith of
the University of Illinois-Chicago are collaborating on a
study through the University of Miami’s Center for Family
Studies, directed by Dr. José Szapocznik. The study is a
three-year project to investigate “The Role of the Built
Environment in Risk and Protection for Drug Abuse: Policy
Implications.”

With graduate architecture students collecting data on
the 3900 properties of East Little Havana, Martinez
and Lombard, with their colleagues have developed a
questionnaire that is entered into palmtops. Craig Mason
wrote the data program and is supervising the downloading
of the surveys. The architectural analysis used to develop
the study draws upon Martinez’ research in mapping
studies of East Little Havana initially conducted in 1997
with Yolanda Mancilla and the Family Studies Center’s
Parent Leaders 2000 program.

The data from the new survey will provide a quantifiable
measure of the built environment that can then be examined
with respect to social science data on juvenile behavior.
The study should be competed in July of 2001 and the
results will be disseminated through professional journals
as well as the general media.

The Field Manual is designed to assist architecture
graduate students in collecting the date on the 3900
properties. The Manual outlines general field procedures
and the rules of use for the Jornadas including Field
Use, downloading, and retrieval procedures. The Manual
depicts the Jornada screens and below each screen offers
additional information to assist the property surveyor.
The success of the project depends on the accuracy of
information gathered at the site. If there are any questions
whatsoever, contact the Survey Coordinator or one of the
three faculty; Lombard, Martinez, and Mason.




                                                      3
GENERAL FIELD PROCEDURES
East Little Havana is a neighborhood that requires care and
vigilance. It is important to always wear your University of
Miami ID so that it is visible to passersby. Be discrete about
the use of the palmtop. Always go to the site in pairs and
work the street across from each other. If you have a cell
phone, keep it with you. It also helps of at least one member
of the pair can communicate in Spanish. Be sure that the
Survey Coordinator knows where you are and when you are
there.

Remember that the Florida sun is hot; drink plenty of water,
wear sunscreen, and wear a hat. The best timeto complete
these surveys are weekdays in the early morning hours.
Weekends in the early morning are also efficient. The
earlier the hour, the less time you spend in the heat.

Use good sense in showing an appropriate level of caution
and sensitivity. If neighbors ask you what you are doing,
politely explain that this is a list of all the properties of
East Little Havana so that we can understand the physical
environment. Do not enter anyone’s property, even if
invited. Do not accept food or drinks. If you sense an
impending problem, leave the scene together, immediately.
Generally the neighborhood has not presented any problems
in the daylight hours. Just pay attention and stick together,

LOCATION MAPS
Use the map to mark property locations with a check as
they are done and handwrite the address on the map as
a triple layer check. After you download the Jornada at
Dr. Mason’s Office, you will turn in the Jornada and your
marked map with your name on it to the Survey Co-
ordinator at the School of Architecture.




                                                      4
JORNADA PROCEDURES
Getting Started

First and most important is the need to treat the Jornada with respect. It is an invaluable tool in this
process and requires care to function effectively. The use of the Jornada is strictly limited to the East
Little Havana project. Never, ever, attach the Jornada to any computer.

Jornadas will be checked out for specific survey use only. After a data collection session, the Jornada
must be turned in and the Data Assistant will download the data. Surveyors may then check out a new
Jornada, or wait until downloading is complete in order to continue data collection.




To begin data collection, open the lid of the Jornada. Pull the stylus out of the cover to initiate a survey.
Never touch the buttons on the side of the Jornada. There is no reason to touch side panel controls and
there are a number of good reasons to avoid those uses. The only control necessary is the button on the
front panel, which turns the unit on.

Go to the horizontal ellipse at the lower edge of the front panel and press it to turn the Jornada on. Touch
the screen and the Jornada will reveal Craig. A. Mason as the owner. Go to the Microsoft icon in the
upper left corner of the blue bar across the top of the screen and touch “Start.”

Touch the stylus to the icon “Built Lot” or “Vacant Lot” depending on whether you are surveying a
property that has a building on it or you are surveying a vacant lot, a property without a building.

The first bar will require typing in order to enter the name of the surveyor. To begin to type look along
the bottom blue bar next to the time on the right hand side of the panel. Touch the stylus to the miniature
keyboard and a keyboard pops up on the lower quarter of the screen. Take stylus and touch type. Touch
same icon to make the keyboard disappear.

If you inadvertently get to the handwriting icon, return to keyboard icon. Do not handwrite anything!

When you reach the end. Type the address you just surveyed one last time as a check. Touch the stylus
to SAVE. If you are continuing with another property touch New Record. To close, touch the stylus to
Record in the top left bar. A pull down menu will appear. Touch the stylus to Close and the initial screen
                                                     5
with Owner: Craig A. Mason will appear. Touch the ellipse at the bottom and turn the Jornada off.
Insert the stylus in its case in the cover, close the cover and return the Jornada to the Data Assistant for
downloading. For more particular information on the completion of the survey, go to the section in the
manual pertaining to that property condition- Vacant or Built and then if Built, Infill or Corner.



Field Use
Use the cover to shield the Jornada from the sun. If you take awhile to input, the screen will go blank.
Press the on button and touch the screen anywhere with the stylus. The survey will reappear.

Downloading & Retrieval
Once data collection is complete, take the Jornada to the Psychology Annex, 5665 Ponce de Leon
Boulevard, Second Floor. Dr. Mason’s Data Assistant wil download the data on Tuesday mornings
or Wednesday afternoons (Specific hours and room # will be printed on the download & retrieval
schedule, to be distributed periodically).

You will be marking location maps in the field with street addresses of the buildings surveyed and
indicating which lots are vacant. After you download the Jornada at Dr. Mason’s Office, you will turn
in the Jornada and your marked map with your name on it to the Survey Co-ordinator at the School of
Architecture

Help Numbers
If you have an emergency, call 911. If you are stuck on the survey, then call Dan Sloan at (561) 243-
8755 or (561) 302-8755.




                                                       6
Built Lot Form

Screens




Surveyor:   Type your first and last name:

Address:      Jane Doe

Enter Property Address i.e.


              1032 sw 3 street
             Look for the building number on the pri-
             mary frontage. The main building is the
             number we are interested in. Be sure to
             correctly input the building number and
             the street or avenue designation.

              If the building is a commercial operation
              with numerous addresses on storefronts, list
              the range i.e.:

              803-850 sw 15 avenue

              If the property is on a corner, go to the
              Corner Lot form IMMEDIATELY and
              begin with the street with the building
              address as the primary frontage.




                                                    7
Building Occupied:

            Touch the stylus to this square if you see
            signs of human inhabitation such as personal
            articles, interior window treatments that
            can be seen from the exterior, automobiles,
            trashcans that appear to be in use, and other
            signs of occupants conducting in a daily life.

            Do not touch the stylus to this square
            if there are no signs of life. Unoccupied
            structures often have boarded up openings,
            and overflowing mailboxes. Broken
            windows and an absence of any personal
            items also suggest that the building is not
            occupied.

Pre-1945:

            Touch the stylus to this square if the
            building was built before 1945. Pre-1945
            buildings in East Little Havana date back
            to the beginning of the century. In the          Wood Vernacular House
            1910s, square, often wood, vernacular
            houses dominated the neighborhood. These
            houses are simple, rectangular geometries
            with gable roofs and exposed rafter ends.
            These buildings typically have overhangs
            that extend 1-2 feet beyond the face of the
            building. They are usually raised above
            grade with a crawl space below. Floors and
            porches are typically wood.
                                                             Bungalow (Arts and Craft)
                                                    8
Bungalows were very popular in the 1920’s.
They typically had either wood or stucco
cladding, and front porches with large
projecting overhangs exhibiting exposed
rafter tails with decorative end cuts. Over
the course of time some of these porces may
have been enclosed. These houses usually
have fireplaces. The bungalows may have a
porch of oolitic stone (coral rock). Oolitic
stone also may be used as pedestals for         Bungalow with oolitic stone porch
wooden posts and embellishment.

Masonry vernacular houses of the 1920s
and 30s are typically Spanish or Mission
style. They are usually simple rectilinear
forms with either a flat roof with decorative
parapets, or a combination of a gable or
hip roof with flat roof attachments. These
buildings are generally clad in stucco and
often have fireplaces. Like the other two        Masonry vernacular
historic types, these houses are also raised
above the ground, usually with a masonry
or stucco stoop with three or four steps up
into the house. This masonry type extends
beyond the single-family house to include
duplexes, triplexes, and fourplexes.

Generally the windows of pre-1945
buildings are double-hung, wood windows.        Wood casement windows
This is typified by buildings of the 1910s
and 20’s. By the early 1920s, wood
casement windows appear, retaining the
vertical proportion and mullion patterns
of the divided lites of earlier windows.
By the 1930s, steel casement windows
were introduced, still in the same vertical
proportions with divided lites. Another
feature in the buildings of the 1930s are
corner casement windows, which were used        Flat roof
in the style now popularly known as Art
Deco.

Masonry apartment buildings before 1945
generally have symmetrical facades. They
are typically two or three stories in height.
Front doors are often placed in the center
of the building façade. Stairs to the upper
floors are not typically visible from the
outside. These buildings typically have
flat roofs with decorated or ornamented          Commercial building with arcade
                                        9
parapets. These buildings often have porches
on the first and second floors. They may also
have a balcony on the third floor, often in the
center of the façade.

Commercial buildings of this era often
have arcades, loggias, and other extensions
towards the street. Most typically, these
buildings have flat roofs, decorated parapets      Mission style church
and are often taller than their modern
equivalent. There are many gas stations from
this era with Spanish or Art Deco styling.
They are distinguished from their modern
equivalent by their large, decorative porticos.
For example, The Firestone Building has
had current era additions, but the large
overhanging roof and decorative motif of the
design signify its age as a pre-1945 structure.

Churches before 1945 tend toward                  Orange Bowl
traditional forms with gables and hip roofs,
often with a tower or steeple. They are
typically raised above grade and generally
have loggias, porticos, and pediments.

The only school building from this period
is the Ada Merritt School of 1923, which
demonstrates many of the aspects of
traditional forms and decorative finishes
already discussed. The other structure of         Ada Merritt School
significant dimension in this area is the
Orange Bowl. Although the original Orange
Bowl was a wood structure built in the
1920s, the current steel structure is from the
1950s.

Do not touch the stylus to this square if the
building was built after 1945. Post-1945
structures are distinguished by building
methods which typically employ concrete
                                                  Post 1945 masonry building
masonry units with stucco finishes. In large
structures the walls may be curtain wall
systems with metal panels and glass. These
buildings are rarely ornamented with any
systematic pattern that distinguishes roofs
or windows, such lintels and sills. Many of
these buildings are built as slab on grade
with the finished floor level barely six
                                       10
inches above the ground. There is rarely a
distinction between the base, middle, and
top of the building. The roofs are generally
flat without parapets, but may extend out as
thin slabs. The windows rarely have divided
lights and are typically horizontal awning
windows. Doors are often sliding glass
doors. Front doors are usually solid. These
building are almost never symmetrical.

The types consistently found tend to be
apartment buildings with sliding doors,
exposed stairs and open linear corridors
along the sides of the building. Larger
apartment buildings after 1945 are mid-rise
strictures (5-12 stories), distinguished by
elevator towers and repetitive units.

Building Materials (check all)
This question tracks the use of four cladding
materials. Touch the stylus to each of the
cladding materials you see on the building.

Coral Coral refers to oolitic limestone,
      which comes in various forms in-
      cluding sawed blocks, rough blocks,
      regular cuts and irregular shapes.
      This material is often found as the
      base of a porch or as columns.

Metal Metal panels were popular in the
      1930’s for residential and commer-
      cial use. Metal panels are used today
      most commonly on commercial
      panels.

Stucco Stucco is a cementitious material that
        is applied as a final exterior surface.
        Stucco can be applied in a smooth or
        rough finish, as well as in patterns.

Wood Wood siding is typically used in a
      horizontal lap pattern on the early
      buildings of East Little Havana. You
      may find wood siding in a vertical
     or diagonal pattern, but this unusual
     for this area. Only touch the stylus
      to wood if wood is used as a clad
     ding material.                 11
                                                                  Institutional

Institutional:
                 Institutional uses include churches, schools,
                 hospitals, libraries, museums, concert hall,
                 and public theatre. Institutions serve the
                 public and usually are not part of a for-profit
                 enterprise.


                                                                  Commercial
Commercial:

                 Commercial uses include the activities of
                 daily commerce-such as shops, restaurants,
                 and service businesses. These cover a broad
                 range of activities including video rentals,
                 drycleaners, repair shops, offices, and auto
                 dealerships.

Residential :                                                     Residential

Residential use means that people live there.

If Institution, Name of Org.

Type the name of the institutional use. An example is:

                 Penalver Clinic

Very Important: If a building looks as if it has several          Peñalver Clinic
                                                     12
uses, for example apartments above a commercial
enterprise, check all the uses you see.

If commercial, ownership is:
                                                                Mambo kings market
Pull down the menu and select one of the following:

Local       Local commercial institutions are those
            run by a local, individual business.
            These establishments are not part of a
            chain or franchise operation. An
            example is the Mambo Kings Market.

Regional    Regional commercial institutions are
            those that are part of a regional operation,
            across the state of Florida. For example,           Sedano’s
            Sedano’s Supermarket or Publix Market are
            regional operations.

National    National commercial institutions are part of
            national organizations, either as a local branch,
            such as Nations Bank, or as a franchise, such
            as Burger King.

Blank       If you pull down the menu by error, then
                                                                Burger King
            select blank line and go on.

If commercial, name of store:

            If there is a single operation in the building,
            then type into the screen the name of the
            commercial operation, such as Mambo
            Kings Market.

            If there are multiple commercial operations,        Strip shopping
                                                    13
                  then look at the configuration, such as strip
                  shopping center, then write Strip Shopping.




If residential . . .

                  If the residential is in the form of a single-
                  family house then touch the stylus to the           Single family house
                  square next to Single Family House.

                  If the property is residential and it is a mutli-
                  family residence then go to the next screen.

                  If the building is not residential continue
                  through the next screen to Maintenance
                  condition.




                                                           14
            If the property is multi-family residential
            then look at the building’s front face.

           Standing at the sidewalk or street, do you
           see a path, stair, or other circulation that
           looks as if it leads to the individual units,    Multi-family residential
           and is visible from the front?

           If you see a circulation system that leads to
           the units, then touch the stylus next to Yes.

           If were able to see a circulation system
           and you marked yes, then pull down the If
           YES then circulation to the individual units
           occurs from:

an interior lobby or hallway-
                                                            Multi-family with visible entrance
            is a circulation space on the interior of the
            building. Do not enter the building. Only
            mark this if you can this space through
            a glass door from the sidewalk. This is
            particularly common in pre-1945 apartment
            building and can be discerned by the
            symmetrical façade with a front door and
            often, central balconies on the upper floors.


a covered breezeway or open-air hal
            is a circulation space that is open to the
            outdoors, although it may have a roof
            covering it or only be open at its ends.



an exterior common space-
            is a courtyard, paved or landscaped, through
                                                  15
            which everyone has access to individual
            units. There may be a parking lot that is
            surrounded by units and serves as the space
            that provides circulation to the units. It
            could also be a green space through which
            everyone circulates.

an exterior corridor-
                                                                    Couryard
            is an outdoor pathway, stairway, balcony,
            or terrace that leads to the units. In many
            apartment buildings of the 1960s and 70s,
            these took the form of concrete stairs and
            balconies along the side of the building.
            However,they are still visible from the front
            because the buildings faced a side parking
            lot or a thin side yard.

Maintenance Condition-                                              Circulation: exterior corridor
            is a pull down menu. From the vantage point
            of the sidewalk look around the property and
            designate.

Good
            if landscape maintenance is evident. The
            building should be exemplary in its context.
            Do not compare the building to one in Coconut
            Grove or Coral Gables, look simply at whether it
            stands out in its current context.                      Good maintenance condition
Average
            if the property fits in with its context. The paint
            may not be new. The landscape condition may be
            sparse or slightly unkempt. Overall the property
            should not stand out as either particularly
            well maintained, or poorly maintained. It
            should blend in with the general level of the
            neighborhood. Most properties should fit in this
            category.
Poor                                                                Average maintenance condition
            if the property stands out in its lack of care. Paint
            that is crumbling from the face of the building,
            landscape that is down to bare sand or weed
            infested, building parts that are particularly
            dilapidated mark a property that is significantly
            out of keeping with the neighborhood. Reserve
            this category for properties that are far below the
            standard of the neighborhood.


                                                        16          Poor maintenance condition
                                                                 Graffiti




Standing on the sidewalk looking specifically at the
property, mark Is graffiti present if you see graffiti on the
property—the building or its appendages such as a fence or
porch.

Looking around at the public right of way, that is the space     Litter in public right of way
between the street and the property, count the number of
pieces of litter that you see laying around. You are not
counting trash that has not been picked up by the trash
collection, or yard debris. You are counting litter—cigarette
packages, soft drink or beer cans, bottles, cups, papers, and
other small items. After you have counted these items in
the public right of way, designate the Quantity of Litter in
Public Right of Way on the pull down menu.

None
                                                                 Litter in public right of way (side-
1-10 pieces of paper/cans
11-20 pieces of paper/cans
More than 20 pieces of paper


Now look specifically look at the property. Disregard the
public right of way and count the number of pieces of litter
that you see laying around on the property. Remember,
you are counting litter—cigarette packages, soft drink or
beer cans, bottles, cups, papers, and other small items. After   Litter on property
you have counted the items on the property itself, designate
the Quantity of Litter within Property on the pull down
menu.

None
1-10 pieces of paper/cans

11-20 pieces of paper/cans

More than 20 pieces of paper                          17
If you designate that there is a sidewalk, then determine
whether the sidewalk is right up against the curb, or the
edge of the street. If so, then go to Screen 8.
If you designate that the sidewalk has a space between the
sidewalk edge and the curb or edge of pavement, then use
the pull down menu to designate precisely what occupies
that space.                                                  Sidewalk

Segments of Planter
              A planter is an area of ground surface that
             is defined by a curb and may be landscaped
              with plant materials. Segments of a planter
              refer to parts of a planter, which have been
              interrupted with curb cuts.

Continuous Planter
             A continuous planter is an uninterrupted area   Segments of Planter
              of ground surface that is defined by a curb,
             and may be landscaped with plant materials.

Segments of Swale
             A swale is an unpaved area of ground
             surface slightly lower than the sidewalk
             that allows water to drain from the street.
             A swale typically does not have a curb.
             Segments of a swale refer to the condition
             wherein a swale has been interrupted with a
                                                             Continuous Planter
             driveways.

Continuous Swale
            A continuous swale is an unpaved,
            interrupted area of ground surface slightly
            lower than the sidewalk and allows water to
            drain from the street. A swale typically does
             not have a curb.
                                                     18
                                                                  Grass




Does the street come right up to the edge of the sidewalk?
If so, then continue to the next screen.

If there is a space between the edge of the street and the
start of the sidewalk, touch the stylus to all the squares that   Example of Ground cover
apply.

Dirt
               In South Florida, “dirt” is usually sand or
               crushed limestone dust. Any patch of bare
               earth without planting should be noted.

Gravel
               is composed of course stones that range in
               size from pebbles to identifiable stones.
                                                                  Example of Shrubs
Grass
                is a small herbaceous plant whose blades
                are most commonly aggregated to form a
                lawn.

Ground Cover
               is any small plant, other than grass.

Shrub(s)
                                                                  Tree in segment of planter
               are woody plants that are smaller than trees.

Tree(s)
               are woody perennial plants typically with a
               woody stem and the capacity to grow to a
               reasonable height.


If you marked Tree(s) then go to the pull down menu of

                                                                  Street Trees
                                                        19
If Tree(s) apply then circle dominant tree height:
Select a tree that represents the prevailing height. Stand
next to it to see where your own head comes on the tree.
Note that spot on the tree and back away and using your
own height as a measurement device determine if the tree is
2 of you, 3 of you or whatever is appropriate.
                                                                <10’


<10’ is less than twice your height (lengthwise).

11’-19’ is a little more than twice your height and less than
3 or 4 times your height (depending on your height.)

>20’ is more than 3 or 4 times your height (depending on
your height.)


                                                                10-19’




                                                                > 20’




                                                      20
Look at the relationship of the building to the sidewalk and
pull down the menu of



Percentage of the building’s that sits directly at the
sidewalk’s edge.

Select the appropriate number. If the building does not
sit on the edge of the sidewalk, but is set back from the
sidewalk as most of the houses are, then the correct answer
is 0%. If the building, as it does in many commercial
situations, is right up to the sidewalk along its entire
face, then 100% is the answer. If the building has a porch
touching the sidewalk, or an entrance that extends out to
touch the sidewalk, then select one of percentages listed      0%
that comes closest to the amount of the building face
actually touching the sidewalk.

0%

25%

50%

75%

100%                                                           100%




                                                         21
                                                               Grass




Now turn your attention to the property itself. If you
marked 100% of the building on the sidewalk, then go to
the next screen. If you marked anything else, then look at
the space that sits between the building and the sidewalk.
You may notice that in addition to items you have cited in     Ground cover
the swale, there are additional items that are pertinent to
the conditions found in front yards in East Little Havana.
Be sure to touch the stylus to the squares next to all the
elements that exist in the front yard.


 Dirt
               In South Florida, “dirt” is usually sand or
               crushed limestone dust. Any patch of bare
               earth without planting should be noted.
                                                               Shrubs
 Gravel
               is composed of course stones that range in
               size from pebbles to identifiable stones.

Grass
               is a small herbaceous plant whose blades are
               most commonly aggregated to form a lawn.

Ground Cover
                is any small plant, other than grass.
                                                               Trees (Palms)

Shrub(s)
               are woody plants that are smaller than trees.

Tree(s)
               are woody perennial plants typically with a
               woody stem and the capacity to grow to a
               reasonable height.

Driveway                                                       Trees (Canopy)
               is any pathway, paved or unpaved, that is
                                                   22
                used for vehicular access. A driveway will
                typically have a curb cut on the street.

Paved parking

                is any area paved for parking. The surface
                may be asphalt, concrete, or more refined
                materials. The paved area will be accessible
                through a curb cut on the street.                Driveway


Unpaved parking

                 is a parking area defined by access through
                a curb cut or path from the street. The sur-
                face may be sand or crushed limestone

Walkway(s)                                                       Paved parking

                 are typically paved, although some walk-
                ways are composed of pavers, lawn strips,
                or gravel. A walkway is typically anywhere
                from 18” to 5’ in width. It is designed for
                pedestrian access, usually connecting the
                sidewalk to the front door.

Paved yard areas
                                                                 Unpaved parking
                are not uncommon in East Little Havana.
                These areas are generally inaccessible to
                cars either because there is no curb cut or
                because         other barriers may exist.
                These areas are typically concrete, although
                tile and pavers set in gravel are also used.
                Often these areas occur under trees and pro-
                vide an outdoor living room.

Garbage can(s)                                                   Paved yard area

                are typically plastic or metal. In East Little
                Havana, garbage cans are placed out on the
                street on garbage pick up days. If you are
                there on a garbage pick up day, do not note
                that there are garbage cans in the front yard
                unless you see a specific place where the
                garbage cans remain regardless of street side
                pick up.


Dumpster(s)                                                      Garbage cans
                                                      23
             are used in multi-family dwellings because
             the City of Miami only picks up single-fam-
             ily residential trash. Dumpsters are con-
             tracted out to various companies and all of
             the residents deposit trash in the dumpster
             which is then emptied once a week. If the
             dumpster resides in the front yard touch the
             stylus to dumpster.
                                                            Dumpster
Enclosure for Dumpster

             is a refinement that occurs in some of the
             apartment complexes. If the dumpster is in
             the front yard and if it is screened with an
             enclosure, typically a wooden fence, then
             touch the stylus to the square.



                                                            Enclosure for Dumpster




                                                   24
If there is no front yard because the entire building is right
on the sidewalk, then go to the next screen.

If there is a front yard and you have just itemized all the
elements you see there, take a look at the total ensemble
and determine what constitutes the largest area. Is the
paving the largest single area? Is there a lawn that is the
largest area? Or does parking in the front yard take up the
most space. For example, if 60% of the yard is a lawn and
40% is parking then you would go to the pull down menu,
Largest area between Front Property Line and building
wall (“front yard”) and touch the stylus to the square
next to the              Landscape, which in this example,
constitutes the largest aggregate area of the front yard.



Parking
               means that the majority of the front yard is
               taken up with parking. The parking may not
               be one single area; it could be two or even
               three spaces in different locations. The issue
               is whether in its aggregate form (all the
               parking in the front added together) parking
               constitutes the majority of the front yard.
                                                                 Parking
Hardscape
               refers to paved areas that are not used for
               parking. These can be terraces or paved
               courts. These are spaces for people to
               inhabit, not for cars. If the majority of the
               front yard is composed of such paved areas
               then touch the stylus to this square.

Landscape
               refers to anything that is not paved except       Hardscape
               parking. If the surface is unpaved and
                                                      25
               without a shred of green because it is a
               parking area, then touch the stylus on the
               square next to parking. If the surface is not
               paved, nor used for parking and is composed
               of groundcover, lawn,           shrub(s) or
               tree(s) in the majority, then touch the
               stylus to the square next to landscape.
               Even if the landscape is not maintained
               well or has degenerated into weeds, if it is
               primarily landscape materials then designate               Landscape
               landscape.



If the front yard has a fence, then touch the stylus next to
the square Is the front yard fenced?

If there is no fence then proceed to the next screen.

If there is a fence in the front yard then look at its
composition. Some fences are compositions of several
materials. For example, a common wall condition is a low
masonry wall with metal railings above. Touch the stylus to
the squares next to all the materials that you see composing
the fence



Chain link
               Chain link is the most common fencing
               material in East Little Havana. The most
               typical chain link is the exposed metal mesh.
               Some chain link fences may be coated with
               a green or black plastic. What determines
               chain link is the technology of making the
               fence, which weaves a thick wire into a
               mesh that forms a durable and inexpensive
               enclosure.
                                                               Chain link fence
Open Masonry

               Open Masonry fences were popular in the
               1950s and 60s. Concrete forms of various
               geometries are cast as individual blocks.
               Then a mason, using a portland cement
               mortar, assembles the units into a pattern.
               They were often used for garden walls or
               brise de soleil (sun screens).

                                                        26
Closed Masonry

                The classic concrete block wall clad in
                stucco is common to south Florida and also
                occurs in East Little Havana. The height
                may vary from low to privacy height, but the
                construction is the same and produces a wall
                of about 9” in depth.
Wood
                Wood fences come in a range of possibilities
                including wood Panels and Pickets. Wood
                picket fences are an American classic;
                Toms Sawyer’s whitewashed picket fence
                may be the most famous. This is not used
                often in East Little Havana. A wood fence
                is typically composed of wood posts with
                decorative panels made of vertical pickets.
                Occasionally, a fence may be made of             Wood
                horizontal members in a ranch style, but that
                is an unusual condition in the city. The wood
                fence may have concrete or metal posts as
                well.
Metal
                Metal fences can be made of panels and
                rails. Metal rails tend to be tubular sections
                and tend to be much thinner than a wood
                member. Like wood pickets, metal rails can
                be more or less decorative. Although the         Metal
                posts on such a fence are most likely to be
                metal, it is possible to have columns or posts
                of concrete or stone.
Barb Wire
                Barbed wire is composed of twisted strands
                with sharp, pointed pieces at intervals,
                generally used as an obstruction or deterrent.
                Occasionally, barbed wire is added to the
                tops of walls and fences.
Other                                                            Barb wire
                The materials listed above are the most com-
                mon fencing materials in East Little Havana.
                If there is another material used, for exam-
                ple, bamboo screen or glass block, then type
                that material in here.



If fence, does it sit on retaining wall?
                Parts of East Little Havana follow the           Fence sitting on retaining
                limestone ridge below the surface of the
                                                     27
city. In those areas, streets and sidewalk may
sit below the grade level of the property. In
those instances, a retaining wall that spans
between the top of the sidewalk and the
property’s ground level is used. If you are
surveying a property in these areas, you may
notice that the front yard is fenced and that
the fence actually sits on top of a retaining
wall. If that is the case, touch the stylus on
this square.




                                      28
On-Street parallel parking

              is the most typical urban pattern. The cars
              are parked parallel to the sidewalk along the
              edges of the street.

Off-Street parking

              is any parking that occurs on the property. If
              there is parking on the property, then touch
              the stylus to all the locations where the
              parking occurs.                                  On-street parallel parking
              How do you know an area is used for
              parking if there are no cars when you are
              there. Look at the ground. If it is paved as
              a driveway with asphalt or concrete, then it
              would be considered parking, and you will
              mark its location at the side, both sides
              or in front. Another area which could be
              considered paving is one without paving; but
              with packed sand areas noticealbly lacking
                                                               Off-street parallel parking
              in vegitation accessed via a curb cut.
               Look for evidence of parked cars such as the
              curb cut, tire marks, oil or other automotive
              fluid stains.
              Do not enter the property to look for where a
              driveway ends. Stay on the street or sidewalk
              and mark only what you can observe.

If you marked In front
                                                               Off-street parking (perpendicular to
                                                    29
then touch the stylus to the parking in front,
layout. You may select from cars parked
parallel to the street, which means that
the cars are pulling into the property and
turning to the left or right to park with their
sides facing the street; or perpendicular to
the street, which means that the car drives
directly into the property without turning
and its rear or front faces the street.
You may also select No prescribed layout
if you see an area that is clearly used for
parking but either no cars are parked there
or the cars parked there do not follow any
particular pattern.




                                       30
                                                                    Front entrance facing street




Does the building have an entrance facing the street? In
some buildings the entrance is actually on the side. If the          Front entrance facing street (not single
building has an entrance that faces the street touch the             entrance)
stylus to the square next to Front entrance face street?

If the building has an entrance facing the street, is it a
single entrance or are there several entrances facing the
street?

If it is a single entrance touch the stylus to the box If yes, is
it a single entrance.
                                                                    Window with metal bars


Now look at the windows on the main façade.

Do the main floor windows have . . .

Bars
                If any of the windows are covered with se-
                curity bars—typically metal bars placed on
                the exterior of a window to prevent access
                                                                    Accordion shutters
                from the outside—then touch the stylus here.

Accordion /rolldown shutters

                Accordion shutters are metal shutters typi-
                cally placed along the side of windows
                inside a metal frame. These shutters can be
                pulled horizontally across the window for
                security or storm protection. Rolldown shut-
                ters are typically encased in a frame above
                the window and roll down from a mecha-              Rolldown shutters
                                                       31
              nism on the inside in order to secure the
              window from entry or the elements. If you
              see that any of the      windows have been
              outfitted with accordion or rolldown shut-
              ters, then touch the stylus here.



Are there any of the following facing the street?

              Many buildings in East Little Havana have
              transitional spaces that mediate between the
              inside of the building and the public realm
              outside. Traditionally, these spaces provide
              both a social and climatic transition zone.
              People could visit each other on a porch
              without the formality of entering the home
              or shop. Warm air indirectly heated by the
              sun could be cooled in the shade of a porch
              providing a more comfortable thermal zone
              around the building. Look closely at the
              building face. Many of the older buildings
              might have several of the items listed, for
              example, an arcade on the first floor and
              balconies above. Touch the stylus on the
              square next to all the transitional spaces
              listed below that you can see.

Arcade
              The early meaning of an arcade is derived
              from a range of freestanding arches that         Arcade
              were roofed and connected to a building
              wall. Now the word “arcade” is used to de-
              note any covered walkway. The arcades of
              East Little Havana are typically one- story
              in height and may or may not be arched.
              Arcades are typically found on the pre-1945
              commercial buildings.


Porch                                                          Porch
              The porch is any covered exterior space
              protecting the entrance to a building. In East
              Little Havana, most of the porches are raised
              above the ground. Some porches, however,
              may be at ground level. What defines the
              porch is that is covered, often with a flat
              roof that extends from the main body of the
              house, other times by a gable roof. In many
              cases, the porch has been enclosed.
                                                               Porch and balcony
              Touch the stylus here only if you see a fully
                                                    32
          functioning porch. It may have a screen
          enclosure. However if it is glassed or framed
          in with wall segments and has become
          interior space, then it is not considered a
          porch for the purpose of this study. This
          question is focusing specifically on the
          presence of an outdoor, covered space
          attached to the building.
                                                            Stoop
Stoop
          The stoop is a small raised platform at the
          entrance of a building, typically composed
          of several steps. Some of the stoops of East
          Little Havana have wide edges along the
          side of the stairs. Some have broad landings,
          others have shallow ones. Stoops provide a
          place to sit outside the house.

Balcony                                                     Building with modern balcony

          The balcony is a platform projecting from a
          wall enclosed by a railing or balustrade. A
          balcony can be supported by brackets or col-
          umns and can also be cantilevered (extended
          out without a visible means of support
          beneath) from the wall. Balconies occur on
          many buildings in East Little Havana. Some
          balconies are broad and extend across the
          face of the building supported by columns         Balcony
          below. In that case they form an arcade on
          the street level. In this example you would
          touch the stylus next to the squares of both
          Arcade and Balcony. More typically, East
          Little Havana balconies are shallower and
          are cantilevered out from the building face.
Terrace

          The terrace sticks close to the earth (terra).
          The terrace is a level surface in front of a      Porch and balcony
          building that is not covered with a roof. It is
          attached to the building, and may be a step
          or two above grade. However, unlike the
          porch, the terrace is not defined with col-
          umns and a roof. The building may have an
          overhanging balcony or roof that shades the
          terrace, but the terrace will not have columns
          supporting the roof. The terrace is strictly a
          level surface in front of a building.
                                                            Terrace
                                                 33
                                                                Open-air porch


If you did not designate a porch in the previous screen then
go directly to the next screen.

If you designated a porch in the previous screen then
pull down the following menu under Character of Porch
enclosure:

Open-air                                                        Screen porch
               An open-air porch is not screened or
               enclosed in any way except for its roof. The
               sides are completely open.
Screen
               Touch the stylus next to the Screen square if
               the porch is enclosed with screen panels.

Metal Security Bars

               If the porch is not screened but has panels of
               metal security bars enclosing the sides, then    Porch with metal security bars
               touch the stylus next to Metal Security Bars.

Screened with Metal Bars

              If the porch has screen panels and metal
              security bars than touch the stylus on this
              square
Now look at the porch and determine whether any of the
following apply. Touch the stylus next to the square of all
that you see.
                                                     34         Porch furniture
Furniture intended for use

              This refers to porch furniture; chairs and
              tables that are specifically designed for ex-
              terior use. This includes swings, hammocks,
              and any other genuine outdoor furniture.


Dumped or out-of-place stuff
                                                                Out-of-place stuff
              Any interior, upholstered furniture that should
              be inside would qualify here. Because this is
              the front of the house, one would not typi-
              cally locate service equipment on the porch.
              So touch this square for refrigerators, washing
              machines, and other such items, or anything
              that looks abandoned such as old box springs
              or other kinds of objects that should be hauled
              away.
                                                                Upper level porches facing street
Upper level PORCHES facing street

              Finally, with respect to porches, indicate with
              this square whether any of the porches facing
              the street occur above the first floor.




                                                    35
If the building does not have a balcony facing the street
then go directly to the next screen.

If there is at least one balcony facing the street then pull
down the following menu under Character of Balcony
enclosure. If there are several balconies facing the
street, then touch the stylus to the squares next to all the
characteristics that you see on all the balconies.

Open-air
                An open-air balcony not screened or
                enclosed in any way.
                                                                Open-air balcony
Screen
                Touch the stylus next to the Screen square if
                the balcony is enclosed with screen panels.

Metal Security Bars

                If the balcony is not screened but has panels
                of metal security bars enclosing its sides,
                then touch the stylus next to Metal Security
                Bars.
                                                                Balcony with metal security bars
Screened with Metal Bars

                If the balcony has screen panels and metal
                security bars. Then touch the stylus on this
                square.




                                                        36
Now look at the balcony and determine whether any of the
following apply. If there are many balconies include what
you see in all of them.

Touch the stylus next to the square of all that you see.
Furniture intended for use
               This refers to porch furniture; chairs and ta-
               bles that are specifically designed for exteri-
               or use. This includes swings and hammocks            Balcony with furniture
               and any other genuine outdoor furniture.

Dumped or out-of-place stuff

                Any interior, upholstered furniture that
                should be inside would qualify here. Be-
                cause this is the front of the house, one
                would not typically locate service equipment
                on the porch. So touch this square for refrig-
                erators, washing machines, and other such           Balcony with dumped or out-of-place
                items; or anything that looks abandoned                             stuff
                such as old box springs or other kinds of
                objects that should be hauled away.

Balcony has a roof or canopy

                Some balconies may have a metal or canvas
                canopy above to provide shade or protec-
                tion for the door or window. Unlike a porch,
                which is, a specific covered space attached          Balcony with roof cover
                to the front of the house with a roof and
                columns, the balcony is a smaller projection
                from the building. If the balcony has any
                covering above, other than what the balcony
                above it might offer, then touch the stylus
                next to this square.

Balcony Embellishments

Many of the balconies of East Little Havana are very
simple concrete slabs projected directly from the building          Balcony with brackets
with a typical metal rail of repetitive vertical pickets or a
simple masonry wall acting as the rail, and no particular
architectural distinction. If this is the case, then go on to the
next screen.
Other balconies are embellished with decorative motifs in
the form of special brackets, turned columns and decorative
railings often in a floral or geometric pattern. If the building
has even a single balcony that is ornamented, touch the
stylus next to the appropriate items.
                                                        37          Brackets
Brackets
              Brackets are small supporting members
              placed against the wall of a building to sup-
              port a projecting weight, in this case, the
              balcony itself. Brackets may be stone, con-
              crete, metal, or wood. If the balcony has any
              brackets at all, regardless of the architectural
              detail, touch the stylus to this square.

Decorative railing/balustrade

              Railings are composed of vertical and hori-
              zontal members, typically wood or metal,
              that form a protective enclosure. Balustrades      Decorative railing
              usually refer to a composition of balusters,
              small stone or concrete pillars. If the rail-
              ings are decorative in any way; whether with
              ornamental patterns or materials, or if there
              is a balustrade then touch the stylus to this
              square.

Decorative tile

              Some of the East Little Havana balconies
              are embellished with decorative tiles either
              at the edges or if the balcony has a masonry
              rail, tiles might be used as pattern on the
              masonry wall. Decorative tiles in East Little
              Havana are often geometric or floral pat-
              terns, although decorative tiles could be pure
              colors as well. If decorative tiles are spotted,
              then touch the stylus to this square.

Decorative stucco or stone

              Decorative stucco is a stucco pattern that is
              molded, shaped, or in some way articulated
              beyond the flat surface of the wall. If one
              thinks of stucco as a kind of frosting on the
                                                                 Decorative stucco
              cake of the building, decorative stucco is
              equivalent to the roses, leaves, and scrolls
              of celebratory cakes. Decorative stone is the
              application of stone in a manner of ornamen-
              tation, either to distinguish corners, or edges
              or to mark the opening.

Columns
              Most of the balconies of East Little Havana
              are cantilevered. The presence of columns
              supporting a balcony is unusual and should         Balcony with columns
                                                    38
  supporting a balcony is unusual and should

                  be noted here.




Elevation . . .

Most of the post-1945 buildings of South Florida are
constructed with concrete slabs directly on grade. East
Little Havana is no exception. Occasionally in East Little
Havana, buildings of that era were raised one full level
above grade so that cars might park on grade. The pre-1945
buildings of East Little Havana typically are raised above
grade.

Look at the entrance to the building and determine the
first floor elevation. Pull down the menu under Elevation
to select the category that best describes the building’
elevation above the ground.
                                                               Slab on grade

Slab on grade or within 12” of grade
              If you see one step or at most two steps
              leading up to the building, or perhaps even
              no steps at all, then touch the stylus to this
              square.

Raised floor within 5’ of grade
              If you see several steps leading up to the en-
              trance of the building then you know that the
              building first floor is higher than your shin
                                                               Raised within 5’ of grade
              and lower than your shoulder above ground.
                                                     39
               Touch the stylus here.

Elevated beyond 5’ above grade
             If the building has a full set of stairs going
             up one-half or one full level above grade,
             then touch the stylus here.
If you designated that the building is elevated beyond 5’
above grade and you notice that there is parking beneath
then touch the stylus here. Do not touch the styles here if
you do not see parking beneath the building. This question
is solely asking you whether there is parking beneath the         Parking beneath the building
building.

If you designated that the building does indeed have
parking beneath the first floor, then you need to look to see
if there is lobby. Many of these buildings do not have a
lobby on the ground. Often, a stair leads directly to the units
above. If there is a lobby then touch the stylus to the square,
indicating that the building has a lobby.




                                                      40
Walk along the sidewalk past the subject to determine the
roof type. If necessary, cross the street and look back at the
subject property to get a good view of the subject roof. Pull
down the ROOF TYPE menu and designate the major roof
form of the building’s roof.                                     Gable roof


Gable
               A gable roof is a triangular shaped roof. The
               roof itself is composed of rectilinear pieces
               that are pitched to slope from the top of the
               walls to a ridge where the panels meet.

Hip
               A hip roof has sloped instead of vertical         Hip roof
               ends.

Complex
               A complex roof is composed of several types
               of roof in one building. Most common in
               East Little Havana is a larger hip roof with a
               gable roof intersecting the hip. If you see a
               building that is essentially a gable roof and
               it has a flat roof over a porch, then designate
               that roof as a gable not complex. A complex       Complex roof
               roof would not be a roof with one major roof
               type and then a minor attachment of another
               type of roof. A complex roof is composed
               of several roof types coming together into a
               single composition.

Flat
               A flat roof is a roof with a very low or im-
               perceptible pitch. A flat roof does not have a
                                                      41         Flat roof
                profile. That means it does not form a tri-
                angle or any shape. The roof forms a straight
                line across the building.
If Gable or Hip Is there a dormer?
                If you designated a Gable or Hip roof, then
                look to see if there are any dormers on the
                roof. A dormer is a window shaped ele-
                ment placed vertically in a sloping roof and
                covered with a roof of its own. There may be        Dormer
                a window on the vertical face of the dormer
                or simply a vent. If you see at least one, then
                touch the stylus to this square.

If Gable, ridge is

                If you designated a Gable roof, then pull
                down the menu to note whether the ridge is
                Perpendicular to street or Parallel to street.
                The ridge is the high point of the roof where
                the two sloping roof surfaces meet. If you         Gable roof with ridge perpendicular
                are standing on the sidewalk facing the                         to street
                building directly and the ridge is perpendicu-
                lar to the street, you will be facing the verti-
                cal wall with a triangular top. If the ridge is
                parallel to the street, you will be facing one
                of the sloping surfaces of the roof.

If Flat roof

                If you designated a flat roof, then pull down
                the menu and touch the stylus next to the
                square of one the characteristics listed below
                that best describes the roof condition of the
                subject property.

        No Parapet

                A flat roof without a parapet reveals its edge,
                typically clad in metal flashing. Depend-
                ing on the roof height and the height of the
                observers, this allows for a relatively unob-
                structed view of the roofing surface.

        Parapet

                A parapet is a low wall that surrounds a
                rooftop. A parapet prevents items from roll-
                ing off the roof and hides the roof surface         Flat roof with parapet
                somewhat from the viewer at the street level.
                                                       42
       Embellished Parapet

              An embellished parapet is an ornamented
              parapet. Although such ornamentation can
              be very elaborate, in East Little Havana the
              most typical form of embellishment is deco-
              rative stucco, tile, or stone.
                                                                Embelished Parapet
       Mansard

              The original Mansard roof was named for
              16th century architect, Francois Mansart,
              who first introduced the roof at the Orleans
              wing of the Chateau Blois. It is composed
              of a steep lower slope and a flatter, shorter,
              upper portion. Today, Mr. Mansart’s roof
              has degenerated to a steeply sloped piece of
              roofing material or plywood, which may be          Mansard
              stuccoed, and it is often attached to the wall
              of a flat roof building. The Mansard may
              extend above the flat roof in the manner of
              the parapet wall or it may simply be attached
              to the wall     below the flat roof. It is used
              as decorative device and occurs on East
              Little Havana buildings of the 1970s.

If flat roof with no parapet

              Is there an eave or soffit? If you designated
              flat roof and no parapet, then look at the
              roof to determine whether the roof extends
              out over the building wall to generate an
              eave or soffit condition. An eave refers the
              underside of a sloping roof. In the case of a
              flat roof, the roof may become sloping as it
              extends out over the building wall. A soffit
              refers to the underside of any overhanging
              roof, flat or sloped. In this case, the flat roof
              would simply extend past the building wall.
              In either case, if the roof extends beyond the
              building wall touch the stylus to this square.




                                                     43
The Measurements Section of the Survey depends on
accurate measurements. Take the time needed to get
this done correctly. DO NOT ESTIMATE. YOU MUST
MEASURE!! Be sure to pay attention to whether you are
asked to take the measurements in feet or inches.

Elevation of property grade
(NOT building first floor)
above sidewalk in INCHES


              The property grade is the height of the prop-
              erty itself, not the building, porch, or terrace,
              but the actual ground level. In most parts of
              East Little Havana the property grade level
              will be at the same level as the sidewalk and       Property grade above sidewalk
              you will enter “0” but there are properties
              along the limestone ridge where the sidewalk
              is below the property level. When the prop-
              erty level is flat, just measure the difference
              in INCHES and enter that number.
              There are also properties where the property
              level slopes. In that case, measure the first
              corner at the sidewalk. Then measure the
              second corner. Add the two dimensions
              together, divide by two and enter that
              number. For example, if the first corner of          Property grade above sidewalk
              the property is 10” above the sidewalk and
              the second corner of the property is 30”
              above the sidewalk, then add 10+30=40
              divided by 2= 20” and 20” would be number
              entered.

                                                      44
Sidewalk width (not including curb) in INCHES
               Measure the width of the sidewalk in inches.
               DO not include the curb. The curb may or
               may not be adjacent to the sidewalk depend
               ing on the individual street configuration. In
               order to compare sidewalks across all street
               conditions we need the width of the side -
               walk alone. Be sure to enter this number in
               INCHES.
                                                                Sidewalk and curb
Distance from sidewalk to
               Most East Little Havana streets have curbs.
               In order to identify the streets that do not
               have curbs, it is important for you to use the
               pull down menu here and identify whether
               the street has a curb or the pavement simply
               ends.

Curb
               A curb is an architectural edge of a street.
               Most urban sidewalks have curbs align -
               ing with the streets. The curb separates the
               sidewalk and street and is typically a poured
               concrete section.

Edge of Pavement
               Rural roads are not typically edged with
               sidewalks and curbs. Suburban roads emu -
               lating rural lanes often end in the right way
               with the edge of the asphalt or concrete
               surface of the road. South Coconut Grove is
               an example of this edge condition. Some of
               the streets of East Little Havana do not have
               curbs and have degenerated to a rural con -
               dition at their edges. It is important to note
               which streets these are.

 Once the Curb or Edge of Pavement is designated, then
measure the distance between the sidewalk and that edge
condition. In much of East Little Havana, the answer will
be No distance, because the sidewalk is up against the curb
or the edge of Pavement. In other cases, there will be some
space between the sidewalk and curb or pavement of the
road. Measure that distance in INCHES and touch the stylus
to the correct category.

No distance
<12 inches
1' to 5 feet
more than 5 feet
                                                      45
<12 inches

1’to 5 feet

more than 5 feet




If you designated edge of pavement and there is NO curb,
then go directly to the next screen. If you designated curb,
then continue with measurements and curb cut analysis.
Curb width
               The curb is the architectural edge to the
               street. Some cities use granite curbs or other
               materials, but concrete is the most typical.
               Measure the width of the curb, that is across
               its top surface, in INCHES and use the pull
               down menu to designate Up to 6 inches or
               more than 6 inches. DO NOT ESTIMATE.             Curb width

Number of Curb Cut(s)

               A curb cut is the cut that is made in the
               sidewalk to allow vehicular passage from
               the street to the property. A curb cut is made
               up of two cuts and a sloped passageway
               between the cuts. The whole assemblage
               of the passage and the cuts is called a
               curb cut. A typical house has one curb cut
               for its driveway if the driveway is a straight
               in drive. Semi-circular drives, popular in
               the suburbs but relatively few in East Little
               Havana, require two curb cuts. Count the
               number of curb cuts along the subject prop-
               erty face.
               If there are NO curb cuts, then enter “0” and
               proceed to the next screen.

                                                      46
Width of each of the Curb Cut (s)
For each curb cut, enter the following data on its width. If
you can count the car widths use that dimension. Otherwise
you can measure to determine the width. Use the pull down
menu for each curb cut that you counted. You may have
only 1 curb cut that is greater than 2-car width or you may
have 2 curb cuts of 1-car width each. The curb cuts are
                                                               One car width curb cut
important to understanding vehicular passage on the street.
Pay close attention to the dimensions in order to enter this
accurately.


One car width
Two car width
More than 2-car width

                                                               Two car width curb cut




                                                               More than two car width curb cut




                                                    47
Is there a fence facing the street?

               Touch the stylus here if there is a fence in
               the front yard that faces the street. If there
               is no fence, then go on to the next screen.

If YES, distance from Property Line in INCHES

               If there is a fence, then measure in INCHES
               the distance from the fence to the property      Fence facing street
               line. Enter “0” if the fence is directly on
               the property line. In most of East Little
               Havana, the property line is at the edge
               of the sidewalk. So if the fence is right
               alongside the sidewalk, that is “0” distance.
               It is unlikely that any fence would be more
               than 25’ back because that is the City of
               Miami front yard setback. Since most
               fences will be fairly close to the property
               line, you are entering the number in inches.
               In the rare cases where the fence is further
               back, then the numbers in inches will get
               substantially larger.

If YES, height above property grade in INCHES

               If there is a fence, then measure its height
               from the property grade. In the cases where
               the property grade is higher than the side-
               walk, be sure to measure from the property
               grade. Most of the fances in East Little
               Havana will be less than 72.” There may be
               a few that are taller. It is important to mea-
               sure the fence height accurately in INCHES.
                                                        48
Lot Frontage in FEET

              Use the location map to determine the
              property frontage. On the plat map, the
              frontage will be marked for you. The
              majority of properties have a 50’ frontage.
              First look at the physical property and
              compare the property in front of you to the
              property shown on the plat. If the actual         Distance from property line to build-
              property frontage matches the plat drawing,
              then enter the number shown on the plat
              map.
              If the actual property frontage is double
              then note that on the plat map and add the
              two number shown on the plat map, i.e.
              50+50=100’ and enter 100’ or whatever
              multiple is appropriate. If the property is
              smaller then determine the correspondence
              to the dimensioned plat and enter the
              appropriate number. Usually the width will
              be in 25’ increments. Work with the plat
              drawing.

Distance from Front
Property Line to building wall in FEET

              Extend the measuring tape on the ground
              from the property line to the first portion of     Distance from property line to build-
              the front face of the building closest to the
              property line and enter the number of feet. If
              the building is on the property line, enter “0”
                                                      49
              otherwise enter the dimension away from
              the property line in FEET.



Side Yard width right

              Pull down the menu for the side yard on
              your right as you face the property and enter
              the distance. To determine this dimension,
              stand on the sidewalk aligned with the first
              corner of the building and extend the mea-
              suring tape in a straight line to the property’s
              corner. Enter the number in feet.

Side Yard width (left)
                                                                 Side yard
              Repeat with the left side of the property.
              Most side yards in East Little Havana are
              5-10’ and in some cases the side yards are
              smaller.


Number of STORIES in height
            Standing on the sidewalk or across the street
            if necessary, determine the number of stories
            and enter the number here. In the case of
            East Little Havana’s historic bungalows, if
            a full dormer appears, then enter 1.5 stories.
            In mid-rise and high-rise, count the vertical
            stack of windows, assuming one window for
            each story of height.




                                                      50
Look at the front façade and determine the various sets of
windows. For example, a typical bungalow might have
three windows total, but two different sets of windows. A
high rise might actually have many windows but they could
all be the same set. After determining the window sets, then
go to window set #1and enter all the pertinent information
for each set. The survey can list information for up to eight
sets of windows.

Remember these are windows. There is a separate screen
for glass doors.

WINDOW SET # 1-8
Num
               Count the number of windows in the set and
               enter the number here.

Type:
               Pull down the menu of types of windows and
               enter the type of this particular set. Some
               windows may have two kinds of windows
               composed together to form an aggregate. For
               example, in some of the 30s buildings a cen-
               tral fixed pane is flanked by casements. This
               window might be repeated six times in a 3-
               story buildings with two units on each floor,
               thus forming a set of which you would have
               entered the number “6” Regarding type, you
               would designate both types of windows in
               the composition, fixed and casement.              Fixed glass
                                                        51
Fixed
               Fixed windows are panes of glass set in a
               frame. Fixed windows cannot be opened.

Awning
               Awning windows are common in buildings
               built after the 1950s. In east Little Havana
               these windows are typically aluminum. A
               crank system opens the window, which pivots       Awning
               at the top and swings out at the bottom.

Casement
               Casement windows were introduced in the
               1920s in wood and then in steel in the 1930s.
               A crank opens the windows, which pivot along
               one side while the other side swings out.

Sash windows
                                                                 Casement
               Sash windows were introduced in the 17th cen-
               tury. The windows slide up and down to open.

jalousie
               Jalousie windows are composed of 3-4” wide
               glass louvers that open in the manner of aw-
               ning windows.


Unit:                                                            Aggregate Sash 3 units
               Windows can be installed as a single unit or in
               groups of units. Determine whether the win-
               dow is a single unit or an aggregate of units.
               Use the pull down menu to indicate whether
               the window sets are composed of single units
               or an aggregate of units.

single unit
aggregate of units
                                                                 Jalousie
If Agg., number of units

               If units are assembled as an aggregate, count
               the number of individual units that make up
               the full window assemblage and enter the
               number here.

Major unit axis

               Pull down the menu to enter the major axis        Metal Casement window 2 units
                                                    52
              of the major window unit. It is important to
              note that this is the UNIT, not the aggregate.
              If for example, the unit is a window that is
              24” wide and 48” tall, the major axis of the
              unit is vertical. The unit may be in a group
              however of 3 such windows creating a win-
              dow that is 72” wide and 48” tall. Looking
              at that larger opening, the major axis of
              the aggregate is now horizontal. But you are
              NOT entering the major axis of the ag-
              gregate. Look at the single unit and enter the
              major axis of the unit. In this example, the
              major axis of the unit is vertical.
              In the example discussed with respect to
              window type, the window was a large,
              square, central, fixed pane, flanked by two
              thin casement windows. In this example,
              look at the Major unit, that is the largest
              window in the composition. In this example,
              the major unit would be the central fixed
              pane, which is a square. Therefore the
              designation would be both axes equal.

Vertical
              Vertical orientation of the axis mean that the
              major window unit is taller than it is wide.


Horizontal
              A horizontal orientation signifies that the
              major window unit is wider than it is tall.
both axes equal
              A square or circle is an example of a geom-
              etry in which both axes are equal.
Horizontal dimension
              This horizontal dimension is the again the
              dimension of the major window UNIT. Most
              windows in Eats Little Havana are between
              2’ and 4’ in width. Pull down the menu to
              designate the horizontal dimension of the
              window unit. The choices will be:
<2’
              If the window looks much smaller than the
              average window, then designate <2’
2’-5’
              If the window is average, generally the size
              of human shoulders or for a person extend-
              ing both arms out, the window would appear
              to be less than the spread from wrist to wrist.
              Most windows will fall into this range of 2'-5'
                                                     53
>5’
               If the window is much larger than average,
               beyond the stretch of one’s wrists, then des-
               ignate >5’


Some windows in East Little Havana have been treated
to reduce sunlight or provide privacy. The most typical
window is still 100% transparent, which means that light
gets through and one can also see right through. If the
window set is 100% transparent then go to the next screen.

If the window set is not fully transparent then enter the
percentage of the window set that is translucent or opaque.
For example, the fixed panel example from the 1930s
buildings has a central fixed pane that is completely
transparent. The flanking casements, however are made of
a glass that is translucent. The two casements together in
size might equal half the fixed pane. Therefore one would
designate that 33% of the window set is translucent.



If NOT 100% transparent
                                                               100% Translucent
       % Translucent
              Translucent glass lets light through but ob-
              scures view. Translucent glass is often used
              in showers and bathroom windows for this
              reason.

       % Opaque
            An opaque window does not permit light
            or view. In East Little Havana, some south
            or west facing windows have been covered
            with wood, paper, even aluminum foil; pre-         100% Opaque
            sumably to reflect the hot sun.
Remember that there are 8 possible Window Set screens.




                                                     54
Height of Sill above Finish Floor for

dominant first floor window

The sill of the window is the lower horizontal element
of the window frame. Grade is the level of ground upon
which the building sits. Finish Floor is the main level of
the first floor. Even if the building grade sits above the
sidewalk, this is still asking just about the relationship
between the Finish Floor and the sill of the window.
Measure your own body as a reference point so that you
know if 3 Feet comes to your waist, hips or knees, or
wherever is a convenient point to mark. Then look at
the window and sill and assess the relationship of the
ground to sill in relation to your own body. If the Finish
Floor looks to be above grade level, you can use the steps
leading up to the Finish Floor as measuring device. You
can estimate the risers to be 6” and if there are 4 steps up
the house then you can use that 24” as way to measure
the height of the sill above the Finish Floor. If you extend
your hand and sight along your thumb,If your thumb, is
the height of the stairs, and your thumb is also the distance
of the sill from the Finish Floor, then you would designate
3 Feet or Less.
       3 Feet or Less
              In a 3 Feet or less sill height, the building
              occupant can easily see out to the street.
       > 3 Feet
              Greater than 3’ means that the occupant
              needs to be standing to see out to the street.



                                                     55
There are four screens available for the entry of Glass
Doors.

Number of this type
of Glass Door
              Count the number of doors on the façade of
              this same type and enter the number here.

Operation
               Pull down the Operation menu to indicate
               whether the doors are sliding door or wheth-
               er the doors swing to open.
                                                                Swing
Swing
               Most wooden doors swing and glass doors
               that swing have the same proportions as
               wooden or metal entry doors. Typically you
               will see hinges, handles, and frames upon
               which these doors are hung.

Sliding
               Sliding doors have panels which slide past
               each other to open. In East Little Havana,       Swing
               these doors are typically metal frame. The
               frame upon which they slide is usually
               visible from the street. Sliding doors gener-
               ally have a different proportion from more
               typical entry doors. Because sliding is easier
               than swinging, the sliding door panels can
               be larger.

Mullions
               Mullions are vertical posts that divide a win-
               dow into lites. If the window is undivided       Mullions
                                                      56
                and is a clear sheet of glass, go to the next
                topic. If the window is divided then enter
                divided lites.

Divided Lites
                Lites are the panels of window framed
                by mullions and transoms (the horizontal
                bars).

No Divided Lites
              Storefront, or commercial doors, often have
              one single, un-interrupted sheet of glass.
              Sliding doors are typically the same.
Units
              Use the pull down menu to indicate wheth-
              er the type appears alone, as a pair, or in an
              aggregate.
Single
              The glass door is used singly.

Pair
                The swinging door is often used as a pair.
                Sliding doors are almost always in pairs.

Aggregate
                The glass door is used in a group of doors.
                Typically, two fixed door panels might
                flank a pair of swinging doors.

If aggregate, # of units
               If you designated an aggregate, then count
               the number of single units composing the
               aggregate and enter that number here.




                                                        57
Fraction of Porch across Building

If there is no porch then go on to the next screen.

       Frontage

       1/4 of Building Frontage
               If the building has a porch then step back
               far enough to survey the front façade with a
               ruler. Hold the ruler at you eye level in front
               of the building until the building assumes a
               measurement, i.e. the building sits between 0
               and 6” on the ruler. Now look at the porch.
               If the porch is between 1” and 5” then you
               know that the porch is 4” and the building is
               6” therefore the porch is 3/4 of the front of
               the building. If the building were 4” and the
               porch 1” you would designate 1/4.

   1/2 of the Building Frontage
               An alternative method is to use your thumb
               to determinethe width of a porch and deter-
               mine how many thumbs make up the whole
               faced to determine the relationship. 1/2          Porch occupying 50% of
               should be easy to spot.                                building frontage

       3/4 of Building Frontage
             If the porch is less than the full frontage and
             greater than half, then simply designate3/4.
                                                      58
       Select the fraction closest to the measured
       relationship.


All of building frontage
        If the building has a porch that covers the
        full face of the building,
        Enter all of building frontage and go on to
        the next screen.

                                                      Porch occupying 100% of
                                                       building frontage




                                              59
If there are no balconies facing the street then go to the
next screen.

If there is a balcony or balconies facing the street then
touch the stylus here and enter the number of each type of
balcony. Use the pull down menu to enter the percentage
of building frontage that the balcony consumes. Unless
you mark full frontage, use the same ruler method you used
on the porch to help determine the correct percentages.

If there are balconies...

Number

% across Building Frontage

25%

50%

75%

full frontage




                                                      60
When you reach the end. Type the address you just
surveyed one last time as a check. Touch the stylus to
SAVE. If you are continuing with another property touch
New Record. To close, touch the stylus to Record in the
top left bar. A pull down menu will appear. Touch the
stylus to Close and the initial screen with “Owner: Craig A.
Mason” will appear. Touch the ellipse at the bottom to turn
the Jornada off. Insert the stylus in its case in the cover,
close the cover and return the Jornada to the Data Assistant
for downloading. For more particular information on the
completion of the survey, go to the section in the manual
pertaining to that property condition- Vacant or Built and
then if Built, Infill or Corner.




                                                    61
Alum. Awning Windows
        62
Wood casement windows
         63
Wood Double Hung Windows
           64
Fixed Glass Window (Storefront)
               65
Alum. Awning Windows
         66
Wood Casement Windows
(with fixed lites above)
          67
Wood Double Hung Windows
           68
Jalousie Windows
(glass & alum.)
      69
Metal Casement Window
      (2 units)
         70

				
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