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					  Learning Skills
Session II: Learning styles




 Dr. Rania Zaini
        December 2009
    Learning outcomes:
     Students are expected to:
      Display different learning styles
      Identify their own learning style
      Present the potential strength and
       weakness of each stage of leaning
      Match between specific learning styles and
       appropriate leaning skills

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    What is a learning style?
    “Characteristic cognitive, affective, and
     physiological factors that serve as relatively
     stable indicators of how a learner perceives,
     interacts with, and responds to the learning
     environment”



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    What is a learning style?

     A learning style is our preferred way of
      taking in and putting out information in a
      learning setting
     It is not in a work setting or social setting.




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    Learning styles ARE NOT strengths
               or weaknesses

     Learning styles are preferences!



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    TIP
          Use your learning style to get
                more productive




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    What are the benefits of knowing
    your learning style?
     Understand how you learn best
     Helps you identify study strategies that are
      helpful and those that might be a waste of time
     Develop study strategies that are more effective
      based upon your learning style resulting in
      greater academic success
     Because you are studying more effectively you
      will need less time for studying
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    Three kinds of learners
     The three major factors making up your
     learning style:
      the three senses
        Auditory, visual and kinesthetics
      the two reasoning types:
        Deductive and inductive
      the two environments:
        intrapersonal and interpersonal
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    The Three Senses:




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     The Three Senses:
     Visual—seeing, reading and visualizing
        I score high on tests that depend on reading comprehension.
        I can read formulas and understand them
        I prefer maps to verbal directions when I am trying to find a
         place.
     Auditory—listening
        I prefer to follow verbal instructions rather than written
         ones.
        I find it comfortable to add spoken numbers mentally.
     Kinesthetics—moving, touching, writing and doing
        When I write things down, it clarifies my thoughts.
        I have to manipulate formulas in order to understand them.
        I like to draw pictures.
        I am good at using my hands. I enjoy lab classes.
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     Exercise




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     The Two Reasoning Types
     Deductive reasoning
        I like to look at the big picture first, then get the
         details.
        When learning a new game, I like to know all the rules
         before playing.
        In an argument, I state my premises first, then draw
         conclusions.
     Inductive reasoning
        I like to see some examples when first learning a new
         subject, before developing an overview.
        I prefer to learn the rules of a new game "as we go
         along".
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     The Two Learning Environments




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     The Two Learning Environments
      Intrapersonal—working alone.
        When solving word problems, I have to
         figure it out for myself.
        Doing school work with a group often
         wastes a lot of time.
      Interpersonal—working with others.
        Before making a decision, I usually
         discuss it with my family or friends.
        I like to do my homework with others.
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     What have you learnt




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     Can I change my learning style?
      Remember:
       It is a preferences and as a learner you
        must Flexible
       Yes you can modify your learning
        preferences according to the learning
        environment


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     How?



       Klob’s four learning stages




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     David Kolb's learning styles model
     and experiential learning theory
      David Kolb published his learning styles
       model in 1984
      Assesses the way you learn, and how you
       deal with ideas and day-to-day situations.
      We all learn in different ways. This
       inventory can serve as a stimulus for you to
       interpret and reflect on the ways you prefer
       to learn in specific settings.
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     Learning Cycle




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                                            doing (Active       watching (Reflective
                                        Experimentation - AE)    Observation - RO)

     feeling (Concrete Experience -      accommodating              diverging
     CE)
                                             (CE/AE)                (CE/RO)
     thinking (Abstract                      Converging           assimilating
     Conceptualization - AC)

                                               (AC/AE)              (AC/RO)



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                                            doing (Active       watching (Reflective
                                        Experimentation - AE)    Observation - RO)

     feeling (Concrete Experience -      accommodating              diverging
     CE)
                                             (CE/AE)                (CE/RO)
     thinking (Abstract                      Converging           assimilating
     Conceptualization - AC)

                                               (AC/AE)              (AC/RO)



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     Exercise




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     Conclusion




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                   Reasoning
                     type




     Environment



                             Personal style and
                                  Senses




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 See you next week
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