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					We all know what fractures are. Many of you have probably fractured a bone or two in your lives. You jump
off a high structure or you get in wrestling match with your brother and next thing you know, you have to go
to the hospital because you broke a bone. The use of the term "stress" when pertaining to a fracture may be
puzzling for some. The common statement heard by podiatrists is: "I do not recall any serious pain to my
foot". While they may not recall any specific traumatic event causing the fracture, the patient indeed
suffered trauma significant enough to cause a fracture, it just wasn't the type of "trauma" everyone thinks of
when discussing fractures.


A stress fracture is a very small fracture in a bone, and is sometimes referred to as a "hairline fracture". With
over two-hundred bones in your body, a fracture can occur nearly anywhere but stress fractures are most
prevalent in the foot. This is because the feet bear the weight of the entire body. Often times, stress fractures
are related to "overuse", usually resulting from sports, overtraining, or sudden increases in activity without
proper conditioning. Athletes playing football, soccer, baseball or any intense sport can develop a stress
fracture. The principle of repeatedly hitting or stomping your foot on the same general spot will increase
your chances of developing a stress fracture.


A typical activity is working out on the treadmill (a.k.a. the dreadmill). As you are doing your workout on
the treadmill, you're constantly hard stepping your feet again and again--which is more intense when there is
an incline and you go for a long duration. You can easily get a foot stress fracture this way. A way to reduce
the chances of a stress fracture is to simulate running outside by trying the incline and the speed of the
treadmill. This way you'll constantly be adjusting how your foot strikes the ground, which dampens the
stress placed on any one spot in the foot.


Due to osteoporosis, women are more prone to stress fractures than men. This is compounded by two other
common conditions in women: eating disorders and irregular menstrual cycles. The two symptoms can add
to the building up of osteoporosis, which is not only a condition for elderly women but can occur in early
on. Now, this is not to say men aren't also susceptible to stress fractures, because they can get them, it's just
important for women to be aware of the increased risk of stress fractures.


The long bones in the foot that go from the middle of the foot to the toes (a.k.a. the metatarsals) is the most
frequent spot for a stress fracture in the foot. The heel or the location known as the navicular (which is on
top of the midfoot) can also experience a stress fracture. Due to an insufficient amount of blood flow, the
fractures in this bone are not easy or fast to cure.


Some common symptoms you may experience should you suffer a stress fracture are pain that starts
gradually, gets worse with weight-bearing activities and slowly gets better with rest, possible swelling,
tenderness to touch and possible bruising.


The human foot contains nearly one quarter of all the bones that are found in the human body so it's not
surprising that broken or fractured bones are the most common when it comes to injuries to our feet.
If you injury your foot then daily activities such as walking, driving and climbing stairs can become a
problem and they will be a problem for a significant amount of time as injuries to your feet can take a long
time to heal.


As I've already mentioned broken and fractured bones are the most common injury that you can sustain to
your foot; however it is also possible to suffer dislocations or sprains.


An injury to your foot can happen at any time and through a variety of reasons, the main reason being
trauma to your foot. Trauma to your foot can occur in a variety of ways such as a road traffic accident,
workplace accident and a slip, trip or fall as well as an accident in a public place.


Injuries to your feet are also sadly a common occurrence as they happen quite frequently and if you are
unfortunate enough to sustain an injury to your foot you are in for a long healing process as injuries gained
to your joints always take longer to heal than if you sustained an injury anywhere else.


The two main types of injury that you are likely to be facing when it comes to an injury to your foot are a
fracture, which happen more often than suffering a complete break. A fracture is generally treated with
plaster cast and recovery from it can take between six to 12 weeks but you could be possibly left with some
disability.


There are numerous variations and combinations of fractures that cause difficulties however the most
serious and most common injuries include fracture of the talus, fracture of the heel-bone, mid-foot injuries
and toe/forefoot injuries. The other common injury is a sprain, which is commonly known as soft tissue or
ligament damage. The symptoms of this tend to vary from person to person.


Suffering any of these could mean that you are at risk of long term difficulties; it also means that you could
be entitled to make a claim for compensation. You are entitled to make a claim for compensation if you are
suffering an injury to your foot that was caused through no fault of your own and was down to the
negligence of another person.


You are able to claim compensation for your initial injuries and suffering as well as any loss of earning that
you are currently facing as well as the loss of earnings that you will be facing in the future from being out of
work. It also takes care of your medical expenses and any travel expenses that you are facing due to your
injury. If you are successful in your claim this compensation will relieve your money worries until you are
able to get yourself back on your feet and return to work.


The amount of compensation that you will gain in a successful claim depends on your individual
circumstances as no two accidents are alike. So to get an idea of where you stand legally with making a
claim for compensation get in touch with a personal injury solicitor today.


Fractured foot is considered to be one of the complicated things that could happen to your foot because this
kind of problem can affect the condition of your whole body thus, it is very difficult to have this kind of
problem. With this body part being fractured usually requires a surgery thus, if you do not want to undergo
different kind of surgery, you better take care of it.


The treatment of fracture foot basically depends on how serious the condition of your foot was thus, x-ray is
very essential in this particular problem in order to determine how deep your fractured it was.


These are some of the beneficial treatments that you can do when it comes to Fracture foot, but you need to
take note that, it is best to consult your doctor:


* The first thing you should do is being fractured is to keep your foot in an elevated position usually above
the chest in order for your fractured part to rest. This kind of treatment can help to reduce the pain on your
foot because it helps your foot to relax.


* Another beneficial treatment that you can do is to take ibuprofen or pain relievers in order to reduce the
painful feeling when it comes to your foot. It is better to ask as well as consult your doctor before taking any
kinds of medications in order to be sure on the medicine that you are taking.


* Another option you can do when it comes to fracture foot is to stay off from your fractured foot. As much
as possible avoid touching your fractured foot because it can be a cause of more serious foot problem.


* As much as possible, try to relax your feet in order to reduce the painful result off your foot that is being
fractured.


Have you ever broken an arm, foot, leg, wrist or any part of your body before? Or are you still currently
healing from a broken bone? If you have, then you would want to speed up the healing of your fractured
bone.


Bone fractures tend to fully heal up approximately 4 to 8 weeks depending on the location and severity of
the fracture. This is a long time for bones to heal and it could be very disabling and limiting to the person.
For instance, if you have a broken foot, you are not able to weight bear on your foot and hence unable to
walk until the bone in your foot has fully healed. Therefore, it is important that your bones heal as fast as
possible so you can regain normal function.


Here are 4 simple but effective ways to increase bone healing.


1. Drink green tea


Green tea contains many anti-oxidants, anti cancer and healing properties. It has been used in traditional
chinese medicine for centuries and is commonly used for healing fractures. All you need to do is drink at
least 5 cups of green tea to help stimulate and increase bone healing!
2. Massage the soft tissue around your broken bone


If you massage the soft tissue and even your bone around your broken bone, you can heal up your fracture
very fast. This is because when you massage, you increase the blood flow and circulation to the point of
injury. When you increase the blood flow and circulation to the fracture point, you increase the flow of
nutrients and healing factors to the fracture site. This will significantly improve repairing and recovery of
the broken bone.


3. Apply heat


Applying heat or warmth to the area of fracture is a great way to help bone repairing. Warmth or heat helps
increase blood circulation to the fracture. All you need to do is apply heat to the fracture area for 30 minutes,
three times a day. You can apply heat by soaking your fracture in a hot bath, use a hot water or wheat bag or
even covering your broken limb with warm clothes!


4. Increase muscle strength around the fracture area


If you have a broken bone, it is important that you exercise and increase the muscle strength around the
fracture area. This is because when you fracture a bone, the muscles around the fracture tend to waste away
and hence will take you longer for recovery. So exercise every muscle around your fracture if possible.


If you have been unfortunate enough to have your horse carefully place his hoof onto your foot then you will
know how much of an unpleasant experience it is! It is usual if you work with horses to assume that you will
occasionally be trodden on. In other industries steel toe cap boots are mandatory where there is a hazard of
damage to the feet, but this is not yet the case in the equine industry. This being said, there are a number of
manufacturers who understand the importance of toe protection in horse riding boots and have begun to
integrate this is into their products.


The truth is that steel toes inside horse riding boots are a sensible idea. It only takes a second to cause a
painful injury which, if you are lucky, will only be a nice bruise that will be sore for a few days but could
also result in fractured or broken toes. If horses are your livelihood, whether you work with or ride them, a
foot injury can cause a very big problem. Trying to handle any horse whilst hopping around with a broken
toe or fractured foot is at best difficult and at worst downright dangerous. Furthermore, it is likely that you
will require a number of days out of the saddle, or at least on light riding duties as pressure of your feet in
the stirrup is going to be painful or impossible. Also, a fracture to the foot could alter the weight distribution
across it which will escalate to the entire limb, actually affecting your position in the saddle. If you ride
horses for a living, consider the implications of having to take time off work due to such an injury and
furthermore, think about the long term damage of a foot injury. Broken toes could become arthritic in later
years, or suffer with poor circulation leading to discomfort when working outdoors in the winter.
If you are looking for boots with toe protection for wearing around horses, then it is advisable to buy a pair
of boots that are specifically designed for horse riding. This is because there are some slight differences
between traditional steel toe capped boots and those used for horse riding. Of course there are some obvious
differences, and if you will be wearing your boots also for riding as well as yard work then it goes without
saying that they must be horse riding boots. But even if you only intend to use the boots for working around
horses, the horse riding boots with toe protection have been tested and designed specifically to withstand
pressure of a horse. In particular, one of the main properties and differences is that such horse riding boots
are tested to withstand pressure on soft ground, which traditional steel toe cap shoes don't. This means that
when you are in the field and get trodden on, the sole of the shoe won't give way.


Overall, toe protection in horse riding boots is becoming more popular, and certainly the next time your
horsey friend quietly stamps on your foot, you will be glad of the protection (or wish that you had it!).
Whilst perhaps less necessary for people who only ride and do not handle horses, it is something worth
considering for the others who deal with horses on a regular basis.


An entire city and an entire country are in mourning this week. Throughout Houston, and presumably China,
Rockets fans are in shock after having the face of their franchise go down with a season-ending injury. Yao
Ming has a fractured foot that is going to keep him on the sidelines for the rest of the season, including the
playoffs.


Losing your most reliable player to injury is a tough pill for any team to swallow. But for the Rockets it is
extra sour. They had just climbed their way back into the playoff picture with an undefeated February.
Injury-prone Tracy McGrady was finally healthy again and playing at the top of his game. The Rockets' role
players were finally starting to give their superstars the support they need to be a real contender in the West.
And then, the wall of China came tumbling down in the form of a fractured foot. What an absolute gut-
wrenching week for the Houston franchise.


The question at hand is where to go next. The Rockets need to clear away the rubble and see if they can
salvage the rest of the season. Yes, Yao is gone for the season. But, what does Yao's injury really mean for
the Rockets? Well, I think it goes without saying that they dropped from the real contender category to the
still a pretty good team category. With a healthy Yao, McGrady and their supporting cast, the Rockets are a
very, very talented team, as their recent performances prior to Yao's injury proved. However, truth be told,
with no Yao the Rockets are not going to be able to beat the other star-studded lineups in the West en route
to the title. Consequently, the Rockets will have to wait another year for a title shot. As for the rest of the
season, though, the Rockets still have a very good chance at making the playoffs and having a decent
showing. If McGrady, Shane Battier, Rafer Alston and Luis Scola can keep playing the way they're playing
at the moment, they will definitely have a season to be proud of. Difficult as it may be for the Rockets to
rebound after being dealt such a terrible blow, they are still in good shape.


Fractures, bone pain, foot or leg cramp during post menopause can also be referred to as Osteoporosis. Bone
strength slowly decreases and causes the skeletal system to become more fragile. Bone density represents
about 70 percent of the bone's strength. When osteoporosis exists, the bone become porous, giving the body
a greater chance to have fractures, bone pain, foot or leg cramps.


Post menopause is the final phase of the transition of your body caused by hormone levels changing with
your age. Most women over the age of 50 should consider having a test done that measures the density of
your bones.


Considering having a bone density test done by a physician is a diagnostic test that will measure the amount
of minerals left in your bones allowing the doctor to determine whether or not osteoporosis has set in.


These tests have been debated as to whether or not your physician has enough evidence to administer the
proper medication to treat these symptoms. The testing is very valuable because it will give your doctor the
proper information to administer hormone, and/or drug treatment.


There is a number of prescription drugs used to treat these symptoms. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
is one way to treat these symptoms. Replacement hormones consist of synthetic estrogen, and or, progestin.
These hormones replace a woman's depleting hormones allowing the body to be relieved of the symptoms of
menopause. These replacement hormones, if taken up to five years after menopause begins can stop the
effects of osteoporosis. It is estimated that HRT can give a 50 to 80 percent decrease in vertebral fractures,
and a 23 percent decrease in non-vertebral fractures if taken with a five year use. There are side effects to
HRT which include bloating, nausea, breast tenderness, vaginal bleeding, fluid retention, weight gain,
depression, and a possible increase of migraine headaches.


Herbs have also been used to treat osteoporosis such as Vitex, also known as chaste berry. This herb is
known to even out hot flashes, mood swings, and restore vaginal lubrication.


The symptoms of fractures, bone pain, foot or leg cramps are feelings of power surges throughout the body,
and can be very uncomfortable.


Along with the hormone/drug treatment, there are also natural ways to fight fractures, bone pain, foot or leg
crams during post menopause.


By drinking milk, eating calcium rich foods, such as broccoli, deep green leaf lettuces like kale, and taking
calcium supplements. Doctors recommend that you take 1,500 mg., along with magnesium because it will
work with your body to help you absorb the calcium better. Foods to avoid during this time are caffeine,
including chocolate, alcohol, and spicy foods. You can also increase your diet with foods like soy tofu, and
soy products because they are rich in isflavones. By utilizing these mediums you can delay the natural
causes of fractures, bone pain, foot or leg cramps, during post menopause because when you lose bone
density, you can not get it back.


Related Articles:
Top rated Natural Menopause Products -> Natural Menopause Products


Athletes, or anyone participating in a sporting activity, are prone to injuries due to the very nature of that
activity. Injuries involving the ankle are quite common, especially in sports like basketball where the ankle
receives a great deal of twisting stress. Sports injuries of the foot are just as common, but are not as well
known. This article will discuss some of the more common sports injuries affecting the foot itself, and how
they are typically treated. It should be stressed beforehand that all foot injuries should be medically assessed
by a foot specialist due to the complex nature of the foot's structure and function, as minor issues ignored
can often lead to complex future foot problems.


There are several common parts of the foot that become injured in sports, each with it's own cause and
treatment. What follows is a description of each condition, its cause, and how it is typically treated.


Plantar Fasciitis: One of the most common foot injures in athletes and sedentary people alike, plantar
fasciitis involves inflammation and microscopic tearing of a broad band of tissue (plantar fascia). This tissue
runs from the heel bone to the ball of the foot. It is seen primarily in people with flat feet as well as those
with high arches. Flat feet cause chronic stretching of the fascia, while high arches allow for poor shock
absorption leading to fascia injury. Stepping on hard, blunt objects like a rock or over-stretching the foot on
a stair or ladder rung can directly injure the fascia, although these injury patterns are less common. The
fascia can also rupture if the force of the injury is severe enough. Plantar fascial ruptures are far more
common in sports injuries than during any other typical situation in which the plantar fascia becomes
injured. The pain of typical plantar fasciitis is usually felt on the inner side of the bottom of the heel where it
meets the arch, and is noticed after arising from a chair or bed, as well as after extended activity. This
condition can persist for years if untreated, leading to a chronic state of scar tissue and thickening.
Treatment is fairly simple, and involves stretching, inflammation reduction with icing, medication, and
cortisone-like injections, as well as orthotics ( specialized shoe inserts) to provide flat feet greater support
and high arches more shock absorption. Only in a few cases is surgery needed, although newer techniques
and technologies have made this procedure easier to recover from.


Peroneal Tendonitis: The peroneal tendons are two tendons (one short, one long) that run behind the outside
of the ankle from the leg and insert on the side of the foot and underneath the arch, respectively. These
tendons help to roll the foot up and out, and are important to the walking cycle. When a strong force rolls the
foot inward, or when activity on uneven surfaces (like gravel or a field with divots) goes on for awhile, one
or both of these tendons can become inflamed, fray, or partially torn. Peroneal tendon partial split tears are
quite common, although one can have a partial tear and not even feel it due to the flat nature of the tendon.
The degenerative process affecting the peroneal tendons can take awhile to develop, but can be fairly
disabling when it becomes severe. Treatment involves icing, anti-inflammatory medications, therapy, and
bracing to allow the tissue to heal and become strong again. Tendons that won't heal will need surgical
intervention. Surgical intervention involves repairing any tear found, healing the tendon with a newly
developed radio frequency wave device, and augmenting any weak or frayed area with a special tissue graft
that essentially turns into the tendon material it covers. In severe cases the tendon may need to be transfered
to give it better functional capability.


Sesamoiditis: The sesamoids are two small egg-shaped bones found under the big toe joint, just behind
where the toe meets the foot. Chronic, stressful activities such as high impact jumping or hard surface
running can lead to inflammation and bruising of one or both of these bones. This bruising slowly develops
over time, and continued stress will multiply the tissue damage. Eventually this damage may lead to stress
cracks of the bone. Immediate injuries can even occur, causing outright fracturing of the bone if the injury
force is severe enough, and this can also be seen with long term stress damage if the bone is weakened
without relief. The pain of this condition is felt just underneath the big toe joint, usually in a very specific
location. Pressure on the inside ball of the foot becomes painful, and running or jumping will become
difficult. Unless a fracture has occurred, swelling and bruising are usually not seen. Treatment centers on
reducing the inflammation by reducing the stress to this site. This can be accomplished by the use of special
pads or prescription inserts which direct pressure away from the sesamoids. The usual injury treatment
regimen of icing, rest, and anti-inflammatory medications is also used. Sesamoiditis cases can be injected
with steroid medication, while a stress fracture or full fracture should be treated otherwise. More serious
injuries may need to be immobilized in a walking boot for a few weeks to months depending on the severity,
and fractured sesamoids that wont heal may need to be removed surgically.


Stress Fractures: Any bone in the foot can be at risk for developing a stress fracture. Unlike a regular
fracture, a stress fracture does not involve a true break across the bone, but rather an injury to the structure
within the bone. Repetitive activities, such as running consistently on a hard surface, can lead to bone
bruising, and then ultimately to a partial break in the honeycomb structure of the inner bone. Other factors
include tight muscles that lead to abnormal foot functioning during intensive exercise, stiff, high arched feet,
bone density or menstruation issues in women, and anatomic abnormalities. These injures are usually not
seen on standard x-rays until after several months. The most common sports-related location of stress
fractures in the foot are the long metatarsal bones and the heel bone. When the injury is untreated and at-
fault activity is continued, these stress fractures have the potential to turn into full fractures. Treatment
involves rest, immobilization in a walking boot or cast, and time to mend. Stress fractures are notorious for
taking longer to heal than a fresh fracture, and patience is often needed during the healing process to achieve
full recovery. Electronic bone stimulators can be used for cases that have stalled healing, although insurance
coverage of these expensive devices varies.


Turf Toe: Turf toe is an injury so-called because the pattern of injury usually involves the big toe striking
the ground (turf) during a kicking motion, such as seen in soccer. The big toe joint has strong tissues
surrounding it to keep the joint in place. Collectively known as a capsule, these tissues are essentially the
combined ligaments that bind the two bones together that form the joint. When an injury occurs that forces
the toe up, down, or off to one side, in excess of the strength of this capsule, a strain or partial tear will
occur. Although the original turf toe described the toe flexing downward into the ground, it can be used to
describe excess motion in any direction. In this condition, although the big toe will not dislocate as the
tearing of the ligaments is only partial, it will become inflamed and quite tender to move. Since all walking
and running requires the big toe joint to move upwards frequently, sports activity becomes quite difficult.
Treatment involves simply allowing the tissues to heal by icing the inflammation, taking oral anti-
inflammatory medications, taping the toe, using a hard soled shoe, and resting from activity until a slow
gradual return to sports is tolerated.


While all the above conditions are easily treated, many athletes often delay obtaining proper treatment out of
a fear of having to discontinue their activity. Treatment delay not only allow the injury to worsen, but it also
can lead to a more complicated injury pattern that is far more difficult to properly heal from. Sports injuries
of the the foot, even seemingly minor ones, should have a proper evaluation by a foot specialist due to the
unique nature of the foot in relation to our body and the requirements of walking.



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