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Introduction to 3-on-3 Debating

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					Rights + Morals




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                                  Morality:
What is moral or immoral in a particular situation?

    eg: tram-car

What would a utilitarian say?

What would a rights-based (deontological) thinker
   say?


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                                        Morality:

“But that‟s just… wrong!”

•       Is that enough to ban something? Why/ why not?
    –     Is something else going on here?




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                                          Utility:
•       How judge best utility?
    –     Offensive music?
•       What about my friends and family?

•       What about fundamental, inherent, non-derogable
        human rights?




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                                    Deontology:
•       What if respecting rights does not promote the most
        efficient outcomes?

•       Are we all deontological?
    –     Torture?
    –     Independence movements?
    –     Anti-terrorism laws?




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                                       Rights:
•       What are rights?

•       Where do they come from?
    –     God
    –     Utility
    –     Human
    –     Social Contract


•       Why does this matter?


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                                               Rights:
POSITIVE v NEGATIVE rights
  –   Govt leave me alone vs govt give me stuff


What about:
  –   Torture?
  –   Reproductive rights?
  –   Education? Healthcare? Workers rights?




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                                           Rights:
INDIVIDUAL v COMMUNITARIAN rights

•       Does the community have rights and interests as
        distinct from the individuals who comprise it?
•       Is it ever fair to limit the freedoms of the individual
        to benefit the concept of the community?
    –     Is it effective?




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                                   Rights Limits:
JS Mill‟s Harm Principle

•       Freedom until cause harm
•       How direct must the causation be?
    –     Smoking? Drugs? Seatbelts?
•       What about communitarian harms?
    –     The „ick‟ factor again




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                                         Rights Limits:
Consent
• State can intervene when you can‟t competently
   choose
    –      What about the individual means they can‟t consent?
    –      What about the activity means they can‟t?


•       Collective action problems?

•       Is this a situation of positive intervention to protect rights?



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                                       Rights Limits:
When rights clash:
• This happens often – examples?

•       Who wins?
    –     The Rightiest Right?
    –     The one with most utility?




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                                  Death Penalty:
Aff:
•    If you break the law and kill people, lose rights.
•    Deterrent effect (utility)
•    Community safety + security (utility)
Neg:
•    Rights to life for all
•    Wrongfully convicted (utility/rights)
•    Disproportionately effects certain people




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posted:9/3/2011
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