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					GEN 91 SITE RISK REGISTER - WORKED EXAMPLE
This example shows example risks, aligned with the typical hazards in GEN 91 Appendix 1, with example safeguards. It is designed to show what sorts of information might appear in a SRR


Safeguards assume that people are trained and competent and that inspection and testing is carried out appropriately and to required frequency.

Other Risk Assessment Process References:
RA1        HAZOP                                                                                                                                     Risk Assessor/s:                   C Robin (Site Manager)
RA2        Gate by Gate Assessment                                                                                                                                                      P Bear (Supervisor)
RA3        LOPA                                                                                                                                                                         T Ger (Fuelling
RA4        Acceptable Standards Checklist                                                                                                                                               Operator)
RA5        GEN 501
RA6        Waiver xyz                                                                                                                                Date Reviewed:                     xx/yy/zz
RA7        Site Specific Task Breakdown Risk Assessments                                                                                             Area Operations Manager:           Big Chief Ops
RA8        Permit to Work process                                                                                                                    Date Reviewed:                     xx/yy/zz
RA9        Lone Person Working assessemnt
RA10       GEN 80 Environmental Checklist
etc.                                                                                                                              F L P I




                                                                                                                                            Rating
Ref         Example Risk                                           Example safeguards                                                                Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                             Risk
RA2.3       Risk of impact by fueller AV5409 on overhead           Staff trained not to use access road; incorporated into site                      Liaise with airport authority to   Ops Mgr - no available
            walkway near to Stands 33                              induction for new staff                                                           get maximum height signage         vehicles within Asset and
                                                                                                                                                     and low impact cross-bar           low risk. Replacement
                                                                                                                                  1 5 1 3     L      indicators.                        fueller due in 2014.

                                                                                                                                                     Replace fueller with vehicle of
                                                                                                                                                     lower height.

LOC.1       External fire
LOC.1.1     Possibility of fire in adjacent XYZ fuel depot           XYZ fire alarm on site boundary and audible in Control
                                                                                                                                      #     ####
                                                                     Room
LOC.1.2     Possibility of fire being sustained by grassland to rear 2m cleared area from fence                                                                                         Designated wildlife
            of depot in summer months                                                                                                                                                   reserve - vegetation
                                                                                                                                      #     ####
                                                                                                                                                                                        management not
                                                                                                                                                                                        permitted
LOC.1.3     Public pavement 4m from Avgas drum storage             Covered storage, fence mesh covered in protective netting
                                                                   to small objects being launched into storage area                  #     ####

LOC.2       Third Parties




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                    Page 1 of 55                                                                           9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                        Rating
Ref         Example Risk                                          Example safeguards                                                             Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                         Risk
LOC.2.1.1 Adjacent XYZ depot office within 12.5 kW/m²             XYZ staff aware of risks (same business); joint emergency                                                        Formal notification letter
          radiation contour - 25m from bund (34m safety           exercises held; windows at rear of building                                                                      to XYZ manager on 11
          distance)                                                                                                                                                                Nov 07 suggesting rear
                                                                                                                                    #   ####                                       exit door being installed
                                                                                                                                                                                   at rear of their building

LOC.2.1.2 ABC Third Party offices within 6.3 kW/m kW/m²           ABC staff aware of hazard; evacuation exercises held
          radiation contour - 35m from bund (51m safety           annually; exits to safety at rear of building                     #   ####
          distance)
LOC.2.2   Pole mounted transformer with dubious electrical        Electrical supply company state that it is safe and
          safety (visual judgement) directly opposite site        maintained regularly                                              #   ####
          entrance gates - risk of explosion
LOC.2.3.1 Complaints of hydrocarbon smell from nearest            Consultations made with local environmental health                         Reposition vents to furthest
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
          domestic property                                       department as to legal position - no action enforced.                      side of tank
LOC.2.3.2 Adjacent aircraft waste recycling facility attracts     Local environmental health department enforced operating                   Monitor recycling activities for
          vermin (rodents and birds)                              standards to ensure that waste is covered and contained.          #   #### compliance.

LOC.2.4     Electrical sub-station at rear corner of depot -      Maintenance staff undergo annual site induction as for
            maintenance staff require access through depot.       depot contractors. Defined access routes.                         #   ####

LOC.2.5     Depot on route to Presidential Hangar - risk of       Verge and building appearance maintained to high
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
            incurring displeasure if site untidy                  standard
LOC.3       Water interfaces
LOC.3.1     Site located 50m from River xx - spill from outside   Floating boom pre-positioned at river bank; emergency
            contained areas would enter river                     exercises using equipment conducted annually with river           #   ####
                                                                  authority
LOC.3.2     Water extraction aquifers below site                  All fuel handling areas drain to interceptor; drains subject to
                                                                  5 year integrity test
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                  Site hardstandings and bund floors membrane protected;
                                                                  all fuel handling areas drain to interceptor
LOC.3.3.1 Site prone to flooding in extreme winter conditions     Horizontal tank anchor bolts rated for bouyant condition;
                                                                  electrical systems raised above peak flood level;
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                  interceptor system designed for flood condition

LOC.3.3.2 Site at base of steep slope with little vegetation - area                                                                              Contribute to planting of trees
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
          prone to landslip
LOC.4     Vehicle interfaces
LOC.4.1   Danger of vehicle collision when exiting vehicle          All VSB movements (forwards or reversing) marshalled
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
          service building




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                    Page 2 of 55                                                                      9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                           Rating
Ref          Example Risk                                               Example safeguards                                                          Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                            Risk
LOC.4.2      Electrical supply company vehicles not rated for           Access routes agreed and marked on roadway
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
             general entry to depot
LOC.4.3      Facilities impact from depot vehicle traffic               Armco barrier erected in front of bridger offloading pump on
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                        bend
LOC.4.4      Facilities impact from external vehicle traffic            Armco barrier erected between depot fence and adjacent
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                        hire car yard
LOC.4.5      Vulnerability to site from staff / visitor / Third Party   Non fuelling vehicles kept outside of depot; security
             parked vehicles - fire or explosive                        vigilance for unusual cars or cars that are low on their       #   ####
                                                                        springs for no obvious reason
LOC.4.6      Vehicle exhaust fumes in VSB enter office area                                                                                     Install extractor hose for
                                                                                                                                                exhaust or extractor fan for
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                                                                                                office and extra sealing
                                                                                                                                                around door
LOC.4.7      Reversing vehicles                                          Marshalling into Vehicle Service Building, otherwise not
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                         permitted
LOC.4.8      Vehicle entry & exit interfering with other traffic or site Gates set back from exterior roadway to prevent vehicle
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
             operations                                                  entry/exit affecting exterior traffic
LOC.4.9      Sections of adverse camber on apron perimeter road - Maximum speed of 15 mph on perimeter road bends;
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
             risk of fueller rollover                                    training
LOC.4.10     Segregation of traffic from people movements                Pedestrian access route marked clearly on road                         Adjust position of towable
                                                                                                                                                steps parking and re-route
                                                                                                                                       #   #### pedestrian access route to
                                                                                                                                                improve sightline for vehicle
                                                                                                                                                drivers
LOC.5     Aircraft interfaces
LOC.5.1.1 Light aircraft taxi to kerbside dispenser unit - risk of      Wingtip boundary line clearly marked on apron 2m from                                                   Kerbside dispensers will
          impact                                                        kerbside dispenser                                                                                      always be higher than
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                                                                                                                                low wing GA aircraft

LOC.5.1.2 Previous incident involving wingtip strike on container       Airport operations require all commercial aircraft to be
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
          unit guard-rail                                               marshalled through fuelling area
LOC.5.1.3 Aircraft parked on apron can be blown during strong           Aircraft secured with anchors in addition to chocks when
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
          winds                                                         strong winds occur
LOC.5.2   Depot under helicopter approach/depart flightpath -           Airport operations have minimum height at apron boundary
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
          risk of downdraughts disturbing dust
LOC.6     Security




           GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                       Page 3 of 55                                                               9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                        Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                              Example safeguards                                                          Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                         Risk
LOC.6.1    Two streetlights within 1m of fence and large oak tree Higher barbed wire on top of fence and barbed wire on                      Cut back lower tree branches
           overhanging fence - potential security breach point    streetlight                                                                to prevent easy access up the
                                                                                                                                             tree. Trim lower branches
                                                                                                                                    #   #### over depot to be at least 4m
                                                                                                                                             above the ground

LOC.6.2    Limited emergency vehicle access to rear of site          Fixed tank fire-fighting systems
           (main storage tank fire-fighting) on secure ground -
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           danger of getting bogged down on surrounding land

LOC.6.3    Impaired escape from site rear gate during                Breakglass lock protected from outside access
           emergency as gate has to be locked for security                                                                          #   ####
           reasons
LOC.6.4    Site unmanned out of hours - potential theft of           Security fencing; all product sample points locked at night
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           product, other HSSE isues
LOC.7      Natural world
LOC.7.1    Poisonous snakes in grass area along pipeline route       Vegetation cut back on a regular basis                                      Invest in pet mongoose
           from jetty (which needs to be inspected regularly for                                                                    #   ####
           leaks)
LOC.7.2    Vegetation growth affects security fence integrity at     Vegetation cut back on a regular basis
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           base and masks boundary CCTV coverage
LOC.7.3    Wind blown leaves gather in bund and rot, creating a      Leaves gathered on regular basis and disposed of
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           slipping hazard in autumn
LOC.7.4    Bees nest in roof of canopy - they have a painful sting   Arrangement with local beekeeper to remove them when
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                     they become numerous
LOC.7.5.1 Seagulls perch on Tank 3 (overlooks adjacent waste         Tank top cleaned monthly                                                Invest in predator hawk
          facility) leaving feaces which are slippery and can                                                                                recording for use over depot
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
          harbour a transmissible disease                                                                                                    announcement system

LOC.7.5.2 Rats nest in cable conduits - cable integrity and          Site food waste disposed of securely, cable conduits
          faeces issue. Where there are rats, snakes will            sealed.                                                        #   ####
          follow.
LOC.7.6   Burrowing owl (protected species) habitat at west end      State wildlife officer conservation plan followed
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
          of site
DC.1      Geographic
DC.1.1    Depot in seismic zone 2                                    Depot designed for seismic forces, no filing cabinets taller
                                                                     than 1.5m permitted, no high shelves, pictures secured to      #   ####
                                                                     wall
DC.1.2     Area with high lightning incidence                        Facilities designed in accordance with code, all fuelling
                                                                     operations suspended during lightning events (lightning        #   ####
                                                                     alarm activated by control tower)




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                       Page 4 of 55                                                             9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                         Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                                Example safeguards                                                         Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                          Risk
DC.1.3     Area has numerous limestone voids                           Five yearly ground monitoring carried out by airport
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
                                                                       authority
DC.1.4     High water table                                            Buried tanks have holding down straps                         #   ####
DC.1.5     Water extraction has resulted in water table dropping,                                                                             Investigate rectification
           leading to higher resistance readings for earthing                                                                                 actions before loss of earthing
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           electrodes at certain times of the year (still in limits)                                                                          for electrical system

DC.1.6     Naturally occurring Radon area - health risk         Building ventilation meets design codes; public health
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
                                                                monitoring
DC.1.7     Winter temperatures can drop to -15 degrees Celsius, Appropriate PPE provided; trace heating on water sumps;                       Consider replacing/repairing
           with heavy snowfalls leading to injury risks, water  emergency shower indoors; winterised vehicles (tyre                           concrete area with material
           freeze damage and surface damage to concrete         changeover etc.); building roofs designed for snow loading;          #   #### more appropriate to the duty
           vehicle manoeuvring area                             snow clearance; icicles cleared regularly; grit/salt provided

DC.1.8     High summer temperatures can lead to road surface           Road surfaces are concrete; shower insulated, site PPE
           damage (melting asphalt), extremely hot water in            policy includes long sleeves; suncream and dark safety
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           emergency shower, skin burns from hot surfaces and          glasses provided
           sunburn (skin cancer)
DC.1.9     Salt atmosphere results in quick degradation of steel       Stainless steel used for process pipework; annual
           surfaces                                                    inspection on walkways; high exposure (thicker) paint         #   ####
                                                                       system specified for tanks
DC.1.10    Site prone to hurricanes, with naturally occurring          During hurricane season tank minimum stock levels raised
           asbestos occurring in the ground                            to maintain tank stability; ground disturbance minimised on
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
                                                                       site and subject to special precautions

DC.1.11    Reflected sunlight (glare) from mirrored surfaces           Windows on south side of store prevented from opening
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           affecting staff and Third Parties                           due to reflected glare on to apron
DC.2       Planning Restrictions
DC.2.1     Maximum elevation limitation imposed by aircraft            Tank height limited by VCR sight line - see drawing
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           operations                                                  xxx/yyy/zzzz
DC.2.2     Licence to operate noise limit of 56dB at site              Commissioning noise levels 50dB max at site boundary;                                                    Annual measurements
           boundary                                                    acoustic baffles installed in pump house                      #   ####                                   taken by authorities

DC.2.3     Encroachment of Third Party development into            Contour in Airport Master Plan
           radiation contour areas (GEN 565 Part 5) - ability to                                                                     #   ####
           influence external development
DC.3       Parking / Vehicle fuel transfer areas
DC.3.1     Areas of bridger offload area do not drain completely In cold weather puddles brushed towards drainage; salt grit
           so puddles can turn to ice in winter - vehicle skid and held in storage adjacent to area                                  #   ####
           personnel slip hazard




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                        Page 5 of 55                                                            9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                    Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                        Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                     Risk
DC.3.2    Spill greater than 7000 litres (containment volume of Fueller pressure/vacuum valves inspected and tested                                                   Contained volume
          drains and interceptor once full) would run out of gate annually (tank overpressure considered only likely cause of                                         deemed adequate for
          onto apron towards parked aircraft                      complete tank contents, apart from deliberate acts of                                               fueller overfill and single
                                                                  sabotage)                                                     #   ####                              compartment bridger
                                                                                                                                                                      release (max 6500 litres)

DC.3.3    Risk of static ignition at fueller loading as transfer   Semi-conductive hoses; bonding cable; sequence of
          area surface not conductive (from concrete sealing       connection in task breakdown                                 #   ####
          coatings)
DC.4      Process Areas & Equipment
DC.4.1    Insufficient risk assessment of process safety           FRA (Fire Risk Assessment)

                                                                   HAZOP
                                                                                                                                #   ####
                                                                   Operate PHSSER - confirmation that equipment is fit for
                                                                   purpose and safe to operate
DC.4.2    10m emergency egress vertical ladder on Tank 3 with Not a primary access route - good guardrailing                                                          Not compliant with
          no intermediate platform                                                                                                                                    MECH 102 but compliant
                                                                                                                                #   ####
                                                                                                                                                                      with national code

DC.4.3    Bridger offload closed sampling system does not take Good vehicle seal condition; loaded via filter water
          representative sample as small volumes of water and separator; mobile PRT used to get representative sample
          significant volumes of particulate will remain in    from bridger manifold; closed sample system isolated
          offloading hose and not rise to the sample take-off                                                                   #   ####
          point - density and conductivity checks are
          representative
DC.4.4    V13 can only be accessed by climbing over or           Only required to be used for tank isolation (rare event)
                                                                                                                                #   ####
          crawling under pipework
DC.4.5    Bridger offloading meter head only visible by stepping                                                                         Re-orient meter head to be
          over (low level) pipework                                                                                             #   #### viewed from closer to the
                                                                                                                                         bridger
DC.4.6    Heavy 4" bridger offloading hose & coupling - manual Spring loaded balance arm
                                                                                                                                #   ####
          handling
          Fueller loading hose can be rigid and the coupling    Manual bleed valve in pipework allows pressure to be                                                  Automatic thermal relief
          can be difficult to attach due to build-up of thermal relieved (into a bonded bucket)                                                                       not permissible because
                                                                                                                                #   ####
          pressure                                                                                                                                                    of custody transfer meter

          Kerbside dispenser overwing nozzle drips due to          Drip tray collects drips                                                                           Automatic thermal relief
          thermal pressure build-up                                                                                                                                   not permissible because
                                                                                                                                #   ####
                                                                                                                                                                      of custody transfer meter




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                    Page 6 of 55                                                          9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                        Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                           Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                         Risk
DC.4.7     Cable trays running at floor level on pump raft could    Trays are a different colour to the concrete
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           act as a trip hazard
DC.4.8     Rotating equipment injury                                Machinery guards on all pumps and air compressor drive
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                    belts; isolation during maintenance
DC.4.9     Replacement Rellumit filter lid seals not available      New seals can be made on site - skilled task                             Consider replacing vessel        In 2010 Capex
                                                                                                                                    #   #### with more modern microfilter     submission

DC.4.10    No in-country support for safety PLC                     High reliability system; dual redundant systems (to allow                                                 No business case for
                                                                    time for service technician to mobilise)                        #   ####                                  creating in-country
                                                                                                                                                                              capability
DC.5       Storage bund arrangements
DC.5.1     Overflow from bund during fire fighting may              Bund sized for 110% of Tank 1; scenario covered in
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           contaminate adjacent stream                              Emergency Procedures
DC.5.2     Lightning conductors penetrate bund floor and could      Concrete upstand for penetration and sealant
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           provide a leak path
           Suction header penetrates bund wall and could            Link seal prevents leak path and thrust loading on wall; link
           provide leak path                                        seal protected from fire by fire resistant sealant              #   ####

DC.5.3     Avgas tank in corner of bund in separate mini-bund - Bund sized for 110% of Avgas tank
           overflow from bund contained in main bund to protect
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           environment, but higher risk of fire escalation

DC.5.4     Long bund with only a few access/egress stairs - long Bund wall 1.8m high - deemed sufficiently low to climb over
           distance to get out of bund in an emergency           in extremis                                                        #   ####

DC.6       Tanks
DC.6.1     Spacing between tanks - access for maintenance           1m gap between horizontal tanks - adequate access
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
DC.6.2     Horizontal tank saddles have 4 tie-down bolts (2 on                                                                               Create sliding slots in saddle
           each saddle) with no sliding action to allow for                                                                                  foot at sampling end (away
           thermal movement so that stresses can be introduced                                                                      #   #### from main process pipework
           to the saddle affecting their, or the tank's integrity                                                                            end)

DC.6.3     Tank vent adjacent to dip point - breathing in vapours Dipping not permitted when tanks are being filled - flow
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           when dipping                                           from thermal breathing negligible
DC.6.4     Dip tube use - storage & handling of hard dip rods     Dip rods stored in sheath attached to guard-railing. No
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                  overhead wires
DC.6.5     People unaware of potential for lead poisoning during Leaded product labelling at Avgas tank entry points
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           confined space entry
DC.7       Piping




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                     Page 7 of 55                                                                9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                        Rating
Ref         Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                          Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                         Risk
DC.7.1      Screwed fitting leakage                           No screwed fittings on primary pipework (in accordance
                                                              with Air BP standard practice), with the exception of some
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                              nozzles on filter vessels (which do not have further
                                                              screwed fittings downstream).
DC.7.2      Design standard of aboveground pipework not known Pipework appears to be well constructed (weld quality,
                                                              fittings and flanges) with no history of flange leakage               #   ####

DC.7.3      Design standard of fuel hydrant not known                All flanges to ASME B16.5, pipe standard is wall pipe
                                                                     thickness and pressure test records held for 24bar across
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                     the system - appears compliant with current design practice
                                                                     to ASME B31.4
DC.7.4      Asbestos - gasket materials                              Mixture of CAF (Compressed Asbestos Fibre) and NAF                                                  CAF gaskets only
                                                                     (Non-Asbestos Fibre) gaskets on site. CAF flanges                                                   replaced when flange is
                                                                     labelled and marked up on an Asbestos Flange P&ID              #   ####                             required to be broken for
                                                                                                                                                                         another purpose.

DC.7.5      Drains routing & discharge - knowledge of routes and     Drainage P&ID and layout drawings. All integrated with
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
            suitability of discharge point                           task breakdowns and emergency procedures
DC.8        Fuel Hydrant
DC.8.1.1    Leak into ground – internal/external pressure (surge     BS8010; Pipe stress analysis; ASME B31.4; CIV 100;
            pressures)                                               hydrostatic strength test; Hansa Consult Tightness Control
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                     System; Fuel Stop Button; sealed valve chambers;
                                                                     environmental pit boxes
DC.8.1.2    Leak into ground – subsidence/settlement                 Pipe stress analysis                                           #   ####
DC.8.1.3    Leak into ground – CP system not working/not             Annual CP system test
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
            connected after maintenance/not effective
DC.8.1.4    Leak into ground – stray current from other service      CP test points at all metal service crossings and CP testing
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
            affecting CP
DC.8.1.5    Leak into ground – impact damage from dropped            Cover lifting cradle
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
            cover
DC.8.1.6    Leak into ground – damage from excavation                Airport Authority aware that Work Permit must be issued by
                                                                     fuel hydrant operator for any work within 3m (Pipelines
                                                                     Code)
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                     Sand and cement or stabilised surround backfill around
                                                                     pipe; buried indicator tape; route drawings
DC.8.1.7    Leak into ground – loads or ground movement from          Awareness of fuel hydrant location and activities on site
            nearby construction activities, e.g. vibration loads
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
            from piling, large earth stockpiles (lateral and vertical
            ground heave), tunnelling




           GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                     Page 8 of 55                                                         9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                       Rating
Ref          Example Risk                                           Example safeguards                                                          Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                        Risk
DC.8.1.8     Leak into ground – transmitted loads from structures   3m safety distance (BS 8010) from adjacent structures
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                    maintained
DC.8.1.9     Leak into ground – pit box seal                        Environmental pit boxes, weekly pit box cleaning               #   ####
DC.8.1.10    Leak into ground – flange leak                         Leak detection system, float switches in valve chambers
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
DC.8.2       Fuel stop button activation fails to prevent flow –    Fuel stop button system closes into-hydrant block valves,
             Depot 30m higher than apron elevation therefore        which are also closed during quiet periods. FSB fail-safe
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
             hydrant pressure on apron will be 3 barg even when     (i.e. if no signal block valves are closed)
             pumps are not running
DC.8.3       Emergency recovery of personnel in valve chamber       Confined Space Entry Procedures; suitable numbers of
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
             cannot be carried out without entry                    personnel to effect safe recovery
DC.8.4       Unauthorised or accidental access to valve chambers    Specialist lifting equipment for heavy covers; appropriate
             – sabotage, confined spaces                            labelling of VCs

                                                                    Airport Authority educate all airside staff about dangers of   #   ####
                                                                    accessing confined spaces and that only authorised
                                                                    personnel are permitted to access such spaces

DC.8.5       Manual handling injury from lifting valve chamber      Use of correct lifting gear; training; weight of covers
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
             covers                                                 detailed on drawings
DC.8.6       Valve chamber structural integrity – walls and covers Designed for apron loading (F900); located away from
                                                                    aircraft undercarriage paths; annual condition assessment      #   ####
                                                                    of VC structure
DC.8.7       High liquid (water or product) level in valve chambers Back indication float switches; watertight RC construction
             may affect electrical equipment and cathodic           (prevents water ingress); annual condition inspection of       #   ####
             protection isolation                                   pipework
DC.8.8       Microbiological growth within fuel hydrant             Pipe laid to falls; low points flushed weekly; monitoring of
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                    pit valve usage (stale stock issues)
DC.8.9       Mothballed pipe – nitrogen release, asphyxiation       Shown on drawings where N2 existing/suspected; clear
                                                                    labelling at all potential release points; nitrogen pressure
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                    and pressure gauge monitored regularly

DC.8.10      Abandoned pipe – collapse, damage to other             Drainable sections allow all product to be removed;
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
             structures, ground contamination                       abandoned pipe left in situ grout filled (CIV 180)
DC.9         Fuel Hydrant Operations (linked with Gate by Gate
             Assessment)
DC.9.1       Spill under pressure – intake coupler knock-off        Deadman on vehicles; emergency lanyard; dual pilot pit                      Modify pit valves to be API
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                    valves; FSB at head of each stand                                           1581 3rd edition compliant
DC.9.2       Nearest FSB for Stand 34 is 100m from edge of                                                                                                                    Request made to Airport
             stand (on Stand 35)                                                                                                   #   ####                                   Authority to install FSB
                                                                                                                                                                              on stand




            GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                   Page 9 of 55                                                                9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                             Rating
Ref          Example Risk                                                 Example safeguards                                                          Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                              Risk
DC.9.3       Manual handling injury – pit lids (connecting to pit         Weekly pit cleaning, including pit lid seal                                                              Pit lids have to be
             valves and drain valves, cleaning)                                                                                                                                    tethered and secured to
                                                                                                                                         #   ####                                  prevent them becoming
                                                                                                                                                                                   FOD, hence twist
                                                                                                                                                                                   mechanism
DC.9.4       Impact damage from pit valve cover being blown by            Lid tethers
                                                                                                                                         #   ####
             jet wash
DC.9.5       Some fuel hydrant pit valve locations expose                 Dispenser positioning; hydrant pit flag marker
             operators to danger (e.g. to catering vehicles,                                                                             #   ####
             baggage handlers)
DC.9.6       Vent and low point location exposes operators to             Hydrant service vehicle positioning; hydrant pit flag marker                                             Pits originally positioned
             danger                                                                                                                                                                away from inter-stand
                                                                                                                                                                                   clearways and aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                   centrelines, however
                                                                                                                                         #   ####                                  subsequent stand
                                                                                                                                                                                   reconfigurations have
                                                                                                                                                                                   negated this design
                                                                                                                                                                                   feature in places

DC.10        Fire fighting equipment
DC.10.1      Unable to suppress a bund or tank fire - fire fighting       First support from airport fire service if available; second
             limited to small fires with portable equipment               support from local fire brigade                                #   ####

DC.10.2.1    Foam injection manifold close to bund wall                   Fire shield wall; clear access to shield wall and manifold
                                                                                                                                         #   ####
DC.10.2.2    Unable to remove fire water from beneath oil layer                                                                                   If permitted, install gravity    Environment Authority
             (bund pumps in bund) so that oil layer will flow over                                                                                bund drainage valves (car-       will not permit bund
             bund wall in a sustained incident                                                                                                    sealed closed) at various        drainage by gravity
                                                                                                                                         #   #### points around the bund to
                                                                                                                                                  allow for different wind
                                                                                                                                                  directions - valves to flow to
                                                                                                                                                  interceptor
DC.10.3      Fire hydrant water supply low pressure and low flow          Fire water tank for use by emergency services (compatible
                                                                                                                                         #   ####
             rate                                                         connections)
DC.11        Lighting levels
DC.11.1      Light levels on top of tanks insufficient for carrying out   No regular requirement to carry out activities during
             operations (e.g. dipping) during darkness                    darkness; hazardous area rated torches available               #   ####

DC.11.2      Depot close to helicopter flight path - potential for        Aircraft safety beacon on top of radio mast and tanks;
                                                                                                                                         #   ####
             aircraft impact at night                                     depot well illuminated




            GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                         Page 10 of 55                                                              9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                        Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                            Example safeguards                                                            Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                         Risk
DC.11.3    High level light on hinge mechanism - manual            Task breakdown requires 2 people to control
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           handling                                                movement/rotation
DC.12      Miscellaneous Ancillary Facilities
DC.12.1    Excess run-off from apron enters depot through          Speed hump at entrance to depot acts as deflector
           entrance gates, exceeding designed flow rate for                                                                         #   ####
           interceptor
DC.12.2    Single skin underground diesel COC tank not to latest   Regular wall thickness and vacuum inspection to GEN 71
           standard (double-skin) therefore more vulnerable to a                                                                    #   ####
           leak
DC.12.3    Heating oil storage tank is single skin with no         Plastic tank therefore corrosion unlikely; gravity fill; not
           secondary containment                                   vulnerable to impact damage; compliant with national             #   ####
                                                                   codes
DC.12.4    Air compressor explosion                                Annual maintenance; daily water drains (to prevent
                                                                   corrosion); annual pressure vessel inspection; not               #   ####
                                                                   vulnerable to impact damage
DC.13      Design for emergencies
DC.13.1    Insufficient escape routes                              Safe egress routes; site induction for staff, visitors,
                                                                   contractors; signage within buildings; emergency bolt
                                                                   croppers chained to side egress gate; depot gates can be         #   ####
                                                                   opened manually from inside the depot when ESB
                                                                   activated
DC.13.2    Insufficient access routes                              Traffic flow system can be suspended in an emergency
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
DC.13.3    ESB located on side of tank container unit - not                                                                                  Move ESB to be free-standing
           operable in the event of a process equipment fire                                                                        #   #### at lease 5m from unit

DC.13.4    Shower in crew changing room acts a emergency           Shower accessible directly from outside - travel through
           shower - not immediately accessible to the fuel         building not required                                            #   ####
           process areas
DC.13.5    Emergency eyewash sealed bottles can go out of          Eyewash bottles checked annually as part of medical
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
           date                                                    equipment - replaced as necessary
VM.1       General Driving
VM.1.1     Vehicles not legally permitted on public or airport     Fuelling vehicles only use airport roads and are compliant
           roads                                                   with airport vehicle requirements - transportation off site is
                                                                   by low loader
                                                                                                                                    #   ####
                                                                   Passenger vehicles licensed and insured for public and
                                                                   airport roads




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                     Page 11 of 55                                                         9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                           Rating
Ref         Example Risk                                              Example safeguards                                                            Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                            Risk
VM.1.2      Drivers not legally permitted to drive the vehicles (on   Driving licenses appropriate to class of vehicle (airport and
            road or airport)                                          public road licensing) - in date and without excessive
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                      penalty points. Checked annually by Site Manager

VM.1.3      Drivers not competent                                     Driver training (Smith and fatigue)

                                                                 Third party drivers for Driver Controlled (bridger) Deliveries        #   ####
                                                                 are trained in the tasks which they carry out with site
                                                                 specific task breakdowns
VM.1.4      Drivers too tired to drive                           Staff working hours in compliance with Driving Safety
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                 Standard (DSS) 3.5
VM.1.5      Unsafe Third Party vehicles enter site and hazardous Minimum standards for third party vehicles entering the site
            area                                                 - detailed in contractor induction pack.
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                      Third Party equipment certification and records of training
                                                                      on equipment
VM.1.6      Stability of vehicle - speed, centre of gravity, engine   Drivers trained on minimum turn radius and maximum
            torque, turn radius, tractor weight vs trailer weight     speed at that radius for each vehicle                            #   ####

VM.1.7      Communication - inability to communicate                  Vehicles fitted with radios for communication with air traffic
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                      control and site
VM.1.8      Communication - distraction from radios, mobile           All drivers have signed to acknowledge Air BP Mobile
            phones, other messaging systems, auto-dispatch            Phone & Two way communication devices Policy                     #   ####
            system
VM.1.9      Collision with aircraft / other vehicles                  Airport driving training, flashing beacon on vehicle             #   ####
VM.1.10     Collision with pedestrians – within depot and outside     Marked pedestrian access routes across depot (at most
                                                                      convenient point); standard hazard awareness driving
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                      techniques with wide angle mirrors on wing mirrors

VM.1.11     Low profile fueller AV456 has a long fifth wheel          Facilities designed so that front of fueller tank cannot
            overhang                                                  impact with any process equipment if kept inside kerbed          #   ####
                                                                      area; driver training for other areas
VM.2        Fuelling Vehicles General
VM.2.1.1    Bridger wheels can ride up the inner radius curb on   Site assessment by bridger company; new bridger drivers
            extra and exit to the bridger offloading area         are familiarised with the site as part of the induction              #   ####
                                                                  process
VM.2.1.2    Fuellers larger than 20m3 have difficulty manoeuvring Gate by gate risk assessments
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
            at the Pier 7 stands




           GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                      Page 12 of 55                                                          9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                       Rating
Ref         Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                         Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                        Risk
VM.2.2      Parking on site – congestion due to 3 fuellers and 2     Loading/offloading area acts as parking area in quiet times            Park third fueller in
            parking spaces                                                                                                                  designated vehicle parking
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                                                                                            area (drained to interceptor)

VM.2.3.1    Parked (full) bridgers park on roadway outside gate -    Little used service road                                                                                No requirement to create
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
            potential for road traffic accident                                                                                                                              lay-by
VM.2.3.2    Impact damage to parked fuellers when waiting            Airport designated parking areas
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
            between fuellings in apron area
VM.2.4      Difficult to get any chassis spares in-country (border   Some consumables stockpiled
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
            controls)
VM.2.5      Fall from height - vehicles                              Elevating handrails on both sides of fueller tank top
                                                                     walkways. Fall restraint system when accessing bridger        #   ####
                                                                     tops.
VM.2.6      City low emission zone being expanded in 2011 to                                                                                Swap out fuellers with another
            include airport - fuellers will be non-compliant                                                                       #   #### site with compliant emissions
                                                                                                                                            profile
VM.2.7      Frequent cracking on Jumbo fueller tanks                 No speed humps                                                         Determine whether a vehicle
                                                                                                                                            defect or driver induced (e.g.
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                                                                                            turning circles)

VM.2.8      Frequent engine faults on AV2498                                                                                                                                 Old vehicle nearing end
                                                                                                                                   #   ####                                  of useful life - due for
                                                                                                                                                                             replacement 2010
VM.2.9      Company passenger vehicle safety                         Specification complies with DSS; maintained in accordance
                                                                     with manufacturers service plan; independent annual
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                     inspection (for road licence renewal); weekly walkround

VM.2.10.1 Petrol engines - source of ignition in hazardous area      Site access control; controls for on-site use; company
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                     vehicles diesel engined
VM.2.10.2 Dispensers AV354, 355, 356 have petrol engines             Exhaust spark arrestors and intake engine stranglers                       Phase out by 2014            In Asset vehicle
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                                                                                                                             replacement plan
VM.2.11     Contractor vehicles - integrity & maintenance            Vehicle license checked before permitted entry into depot;                                              Vehicle safety (e.g.
                                                                     contractor vehicles kept out of hazardous areas                                                         functioning brakes,
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                                                                                                                             ignition sources) is
                                                                                                                                                                             difficult to check
VM.3        Bridgers (own and Third Party vehicles)
VM.3.1      Condition of delivering vehicles - standard /            Bridging company audited by Logistics, with issues
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
            maintenance of delivery vehicles                         reported via Near Miss through to Logistics
VM.3.2      Overfill - bridger loading on site                       All bridgers (Third Party and company owned) compliant
                                                                                                                                   #   ####
                                                                     with vehicle overfill protection policy




           GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                    Page 13 of 55                                                             9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                          Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                              Example safeguards                                                             Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                           Risk
VM.4      Fuellers & Hydrant Service Vehicles (own and
          Third Party vehicles)
VM.4.1    Overfill - fueller loading (including defuelling)         Vehicles compliant with vehicle overfill protection policy
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
                                                                    and within LOPA limits
VM.4.2    Brake activation due to interlock when vehicle            Driver walkround prior to driving off. Fuellers transported
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
          travelling at speed                                       by low loader on public roads
VM.4.3    Overpressure/vacuum of fueller tank                       All pressure vacuum vents tested annually                         #   ####
VM.5      Dispensers (powered carts, towed carts, manually
          moved carts)
VM.5.1    Electric shock when connecting charging cable             Operator training; design of connector; parking area drains
                                                                    so puddles cannot form; outside hazardous area                    #   ####

VM.6      Towable steps
VM.6.1    Towing stability                                          Maximum speed specified; maintenance of tyre pressures
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
VM.6.2    Stability of steps when in use                            Subjective site assessment that equipment is stable               #   ####
VM.6.3    Steps parked out on apron (less towed distance) -         Legal disclaimer stating any use at their own risk; condition
          unauthorised use and fall from heights incident           inspections                                                       #   ####

VM.6.4    Structural integrity - integrity of frame, platform, steps Condition inspections
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
          & tow eye, life expectancy
VM.6.5    Impact from Third Party (in use or parked)                 Lights, reflectors etc; checked for obvious damage before
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
                                                                     each use
VM.7      Service vehicles (inc Passenger)
VM.7.1    Fuel hydrant pit cleaners - pit cleaning diaphragm         Spares held on site; task breakdown                                       Find more reliable pump or
          pump diaphragm requires regular replacement                                                                                 #   #### diaphragm

FO.1      Fuelling Operations General
FO.1.1    Spills/leaks on apron and subsequent fire                 Aircraft not fuelled with passengers on board (local
                                                                    regulation); airport interceptor; spill exercises with airport
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
                                                                    fire services; aircraft vent spill actions; vehicle maintenance

FO.1.2    Fuelling operator injury from moving aircraft, aircraft   PPE clothing and head protection; no hot refuelling
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
          parts, sharp parts of fuselage
FO.1.3    Damage to aircraft from fuelling equipment impact –       Overwing fuelling protection mats; ladders positioned to
          ladders (incorrect use, wind, jet blast), nozzles,        prevent wings settling; lightweight ladders laid down flat on
          aircraft settling                                         ground when not in use; proximity sensors on vehicle              #   ####
                                                                    hydraulic elevating platforms




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                      Page 14 of 55                                                             9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                           Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                              Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                            Risk
FO.1.4     Contaminated or off specification fuel - Filter, dp      Product Quality documentation management system in
           gauge, sampling arrangement, hose end strainer           accordance with Air BP Regulations                                 #   ####

FO.1.5     Incorrect volume delivered - fueller loading meter       Training; meter calibration                                                     Change meter head for litres
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
           shows decalitres
FO.1.6     Jet blast - damage to fuelling equipment, personal       Vehicle positioning when aircraft manoeuvring under own
           injury                                                   power; eye protection worn on apron; regular apron                 #   ####
                                                                    cleaning
FO.1.7     Aircraft fuel tank ignition due to static discharge      Bonding cables; semi-conductive hoses; semi-conductive
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                    fueller tyres
FO.1.8     Operator unaware of risks associated with particular     Aircraft Fuelling Data Sheets
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
           aircraft or aircraft requirements
FO.1.9     Insufficient manpower to carry out bridger offloading    Not normally required                                                       Site Manager (has current
           and 1 fueller loading simultaneously                                                                                        #   #### training) to assist at peak
                                                                                                                                                times
           Tanks may be overpressured if tank-to-tank transfer      Risk detailed in tank-to-tank transfer task breakdown                                                          Unlikely, but possible,
           occurs at the same time as pipeline receipt or use of                                                                                                                   combination - further
           the test rig into the same receipt tank.                                                                                    #   ####                                    safeguards would require
                                                                                                                                                                                   complex control system

FO.1.10    Insufficient fuel for the customer                       Fueller fleet sized for customer fleet mix; good
                                                                    communication from airline account holders; emergency
                                                                                                                                       #   ####
                                                                    bridger deliveries activated when fog descends at xyz
                                                                    airport (diverted aircraft)
FO.1.11    Self-service                                             Tank sampling by Air BP staff daily; self-service fuel cards                                                   Theft can occur from
                                                                    grade specific; pilots trained to carry out fuelling before fuel                                               filter sampling but very
                                                                    card is issued - annual retraining                                                                             slow flow rate and
                                                                                                                                       #   ####                                    product losses within
                                                                                                                                                                                   historic norms, so theft
                                                                                                                                                                                   not suspected
FO.2       Pressure (Underwing) Fuelling
FO.2.1     Over pressure of aircraft tanks                          HEPCVs; pump stall pressure within ILPCV limits                    #   ####
FO.2.2     Drive-away                                               Training (inc video); walkaround; interlocks                       #   ####
FO.2.3     Aircraft wing vent spills – off-site contamination       Airport interceptor                                                #   ####
FO.2.4     Additive injection – ergonomics, proof of delivery of    Additive injection calibration in accordance with Air BP
           additive, potential to misfuel non-additised customers   Regulations; Fueller AV3276 has 2 hoses, one each                  #   ####
                                                                    dedicated to additised and non-additised fuel
FO.3       Overwing Fuelling




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                      Page 15 of 55                                                                   9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                      Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                          Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                       Risk
FO.3.1    Misfuelling                                              Misfuelling prevention policy

                                                                   Fuel Order Forms

                                                                   Spare grade decals available on site
                                                                                                                                  #   ####
                                                                   Staff awareness of fuel quality requirements and sources of
                                                                   contamination

                                                                   Grade change procedures detailed in operating standards


FO.3.2    Unstable aircraft                                        Aircraft Fuelling Data Sheets                                  #   ####
FO.3.3    Disposal of pilot’s aircraft fuel samples                Airfield Slops drum (clearly marked and emptied regularly) -
                                                                                                                                  #   ####
                                                                   airfield authority responsibility
FO.3.4    Fall from height                                         DC3 fuellings carried out by airline staff - hose handed up
                                                                   to their operator on wing; ladders designed in accordance      #   ####
                                                                   with MECH 140
FO.4      Drum Operations
FO.4.1    Unable to trace destination of contaminated product      Drum traceability forms part of the product recall process
                                                                                                                                  #   ####
B.1       Buildings General (including canopies,
          outbuildings, storerooms)
B.1.1     Office buildings are 15 years old and pre-fabricated -                                                                           Replace buildings in 2011
          increasing costs associated with maintenance                                                                                     with portable buildings to
                                                                                                                                  #   ####
                                                                                                                                           allow airport master plan
                                                                                                                                           depot move in 2015
          Sample store building constitutes a hazardous area                                                                               Purchase dedicated non-entry
                                                                                                                                  #   ####
          and confined space                                                                                                               sample store
B.1.2     Office building not designed for visitor wheelchair      Access can be via depot door rather than front door, but                                                 Occupation of personnel
          access                                                   will require assistance during emergency                                                                 employed in legally
                                                                                                                                  #   ####                                  exempt category for
                                                                                                                                                                            disabled access

B.1.3     Asbestos - known or suspected use of asbestos in         Asbestos survey carried out in 2007, recommendations
                                                                                                                                  #   ####
          the building fabric                                      actioned
B.1.4     Fall from height - window cleaning                                                                                               Purchase long cleaning poles
                                                                                                                                  #   #### (to allow cleaning from ground
                                                                                                                                           level)
B.2       Personnel Occupied Buildings (including Jetty
          control rooms)




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                       Page 16 of 55                                                        9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                         Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                              Example safeguards                                                           Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                          Risk
B.2.1      Building originally designed for 6 people, currently 10                                                                            Add extension to building      In 2010 Capex
           on shift - limited locker room, training room and                                                                                  (existing parts structurally   submission
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           general space                                                                                                                      satisfactory) to meet 2015
                                                                                                                                              forecast staffing needs
B.3        Maintenance Workshop / Vehicle Service Building
B.3.1      Hot works (e.g. grinding, welding) may act as ignition Blanket work permit to carry out hot works when there is no
           source for fire in vehicle being maintained or spillage vehicle in the building.
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           in building
                                                                   All waste outside in container with lid
B.3.2      Other hazardous activities (e.g. spraying, blasting,    Managed by Permit to Work process
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           pressure testing)
B.3.3      Inspection pit - manual handling injury when moving Training; light weight
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           fall prevention covers
B.4        Ancillary enclosures
B.4.1      Electrical switchroom safety                            Electrical safety rules in force; restricted access               #   ####
B.4.2      Battery room - hazardous area, acid storage, lead       Room rated for hazardous area; PPE for acid
                                                                   splashes/handling; electrical charging systems part of            #   ####
                                                                   ELEC 50
B.4.3      HVAC - Legionnaires’ disease                            Regular maintenance, cleaning and testing                         #   ####
B.4.4      Boiler room carbon monoxide                             CO monitor; Annual maintenance by certified contractor
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
EL.1       Electricity
EL.1.1     HV supply (>1000V) – capability to maintain               HV maintained by Electricity supply company                     #   ####
EL.1.2     Intermittent site power supply                            Emergency generator installed - only allows use of one
                                                                     pump at a time, but airport also on same power supply so        #   ####
                                                                     demand is matched
EL.1.3     Supply quality - voltage fluctuation                      Generator supply                                                #   ####
EL.1.4     LV Switchgear - personnel protection                      Controlled access to switchgear; work by authorised
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
                                                                     persons only; fully contained
EL.1.5     Light bulb replacement – interior and exterior            Hinged lighting columns allows work a ground level              #   ####
EL.1.6     Cable conduits, pits and ducts – pathway for              Conduits sealed at all potential entry points
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           contamination/vapours
EL.1.7     Small air conditioning units - requires working at        Staging used during maintenance                                          Review whether units need to
           height during maintenance (located on flat roof)                                                                          #   #### be located on roof

EL.1.8     Electric shock from portable appliance (e.g. office       Annual PAS testing
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           printers, kettle, microwave oven)
OTH.1      Site Alarms
OTH.1.1    Alarms not heard                                          No unattended product transfers; fire alarm linked to airport
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
                                                                     security




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                     Page 17 of 55                                                              9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                         Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                            Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                          Risk
OTH.1.2    Tank overfill alarm not heard by test rig operator       Flashing light in addition to alarm at test rig
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           because of wind or aircraft noise
OTH.2      Noise
OTH.2.1    Aircraft noise - personnel exposure                      Ear protection required when operating within vicinity of live
                                                                    aircraft; hearing acuity testing carried out during              #   ####
                                                                    recruitment and every 2 years thereafter
OTH.2.2    Equipment noise - personnel exposure                     Ear protection signs at entry to pump raft area                  #   ####
OTH.2.3    Compressed air drain venting noise - personnel           Ear protection signs at drain points and requirement in task
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
           exposure                                                 breakdown
OTH.3      Lifting Equipment
OTH.3.1    Vehicle workshop hoist - legal compliance and safety Annual safety inspection (statutory regulation) and
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
                                                                  certification
OTH.3.2    Rapid descent on vehicular lifting platform leading to All vehicular lifting platforms maintained in accordance with
           injury                                                 Air BP and national statutory requirements                         #   ####

GM.1       Leadership & Accountability
GM.1.1     Insufficient HSSE leadership permits a lax safety        Air BP Safety Charter on Site Notice Board
           culture and incidents
                                                                    Safety Observation Conversations (SOCs)

                                                                    Site Safety Meetings, including discussion of HSSE issues,
                                                                    new Operations Bulletins, incidents, Near Misses, Near
                                                                    Miss trends etc.: Minutes of the Meetings disseminated to
                                                                    non-attendees

                                                                    Participation in Airport Safety Initiatives and Airport Safety
                                                                    Committee meetings
                                                                                                                                     #   ####
                                                                    HSSE and operating responsibilities detailed in staff Job
                                                                    Descriptions

                                                                    Site leader regular site walk-abouts (depot and apron)

                                                                    Delegation of authority process when the site manager is
                                                                    absent from the site or on leave

                                                                    Staff appraisals, site auditing


GM.1.2     Staff unaware of wider business context and activities Air BP Publications for staff, e.g. Airlink
           - parochial interests may outweigh what is good for                                                                       #   ####
           the whole business




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                      Page 18 of 55                                                         9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                    Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                            Example safeguards                                                         Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                     Risk
GM.1.3    Insufficient or inappropriate use of PPE               Site PPE Policy (awareness & implementation); PPE
                                                                 signage; requirements in task breakdowns; requirements         #   ####
                                                                 on Work Permits
GM.1.4    Site sabotage or theft (product, cash or valuables) by Staff security screening; internal audit
          staff                                                                                                                 #   ####
                                                                 Assessment by Group Security
GM.1.5    Inadequate shift handover (information transfer) leads Documented shift handover record
                                                                                                                                #   ####
          to incident
GM.1.6    Negligent discharge of firearm within the depot by     Controls regarding the carrying of fire arms
                                                                                                                                #   ####
          licensed user of firearm
GM.2      Risk Assessment & Management
GM.2.1    Health issues associated with operating IT equipment Standard IT equipment (screens, tables, chairs) meet
          (e.g. Repetitive strain injury, eye strain, musculo-   national standard. Specialist equipment (e.g. keyboards,
          skeletal disorders)                                    mouse, foot rest) available for staff

                                                                  DSE (Display Screen Equipment) assessment - national          #   ####
                                                                  regulation

                                                                  GEN 80 (Environmental Checklist) scheduled for review in
                                                                  2009
GM.2.2    Insufficient risk assessment of routine operations      CTA (Critical Task Analysis)

                                                                  Risk assessment of task breakdowns carried out by some
                                                                  of the staff on site - all staff aware of outputs from site
                                                                  specific risk assessments

                                                                  MHA (Manual Handling Assessment) - national regulation

                                                                  Gate by Gate assessment
                                                                                                                                #   ####
                                                                  HSA (Hazardous Substances Assessment) - national
                                                                  regulation

                                                                  PPE assessment, including consideration of extreme
                                                                  working conditions (e.g. heat, cold, ice, rain, dust, UV)

                                                                  Lone person working assessment



GM.2.3    Insufficient risk assessment of road transport routes   RRA (Route Risk Assessments) – high risk countries
                                                                                                                                #   ####




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                     Page 19 of 55                                                      9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                      Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                          Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                       Risk
GM.2.4    Insufficient risk assessment of non-routine activities   Formal control process used for permitting at the site,
                                                                   including method statements, risk assessments,
                                                                   communication of risks to those undertaking the work and
                                                                   to those affected by the work
                                                                                                                                  #   ####
                                                                   List of accredited Issuing Authorities and LOTO (Lock Out -
                                                                   Tag Out) authorities posted on Safety Notice Board



GM.3      People, Training & Behaviours
GM.3.1    Staff unaware of site/operational risks                  Structured staff induction training programme covering
                                                                   HSSE Rules, Airport Rules, HR Policies, Site Rules, BP
                                                                   Golden Rules, Mobile Phone Policy, Seat Belt Policy,
                                                                   Drugs & Alcohol Policy, PPE Policy, Operational Task
                                                                   Training, Driver Training (Smith & fatigue).

                                                                   Job task analysis used to identify staff training needs for
                                                                   operations, maintenance tasks and driving

                                                                   Site specific task breakdowns for routine work

                                                                   Permit to Work process for non-routine work                    #   ####

                                                                   Task observations and SOCs

                                                                   Trainer accreditation (internal and external trainers)

                                                                   Health monitoring programme to ensure fitness to work
                                                                   (eyesight, hearing etc.)

                                                                   HRA (Health Risk Assessment), including asbestos


GM.3.2    Visitors unaware of site risks                           Site induction process for visitors                            #   ####
GM.3.3    Incident as a result of operator performing fuelling     Training carried out by specific customers - records held in
          duties beyond the delivery nozzle (additional            site office                                                    #   ####
          services)




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                     Page 20 of 55                                                        9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                        Example safeguards                                                         Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                 Risk
GM.3.4    Fatigue/tiredness leads to an incident              Extended hours working, e.g. double shifts, are not regular
                                                              and are assessed by site manager on a case-by-case
                                                              basis

                                                              Staff working hours compliant with local legal requirements   #   ####
                                                              and BP limits

                                                              Fatigue awareness training
GM.4      Working with Contractors & Others
GM.4.1    Unsafe work carried out by contractors              Contractors vetted and approved by BP Oil, with regular
                                                              performance assessment.

                                                              Site induction process for contractors, covering HSSE
                                                              expectations, Permit to Work, site rules, site hazards etc.   #   ####

                                                              Site management involved in the planning of site works



GM.6      Operations & Maintenance
GM.6.1    Site not operated to a set standard                 Air BP Regulations and Global Marine Operating Standard
                                                                                                                            #   ####
                                                              for jetty operations
GM.6.2    Equipment not operated correctly                    Site Specific Task Breakdowns for all operations and
                                                                                                                            #   ####
                                                              maintenance tasks
GM.6.3    Defective equipment used                            Defect Report System - staff trained to use it and MoC
                                                                                                                            #   ####
                                                              applied appropriately
GM.6.4    Ineffective, costly or illegal waste disposal       Waste management programme, including disposal of
                                                              used filter elements and separator/interceptor waste
                                                                                                                            #   ####
                                                              Environmental discharge permit

GM.6.5    Equipment/facilities not maintained appropriately   Preventative maintenance systems in place for all
                                                                                                                            #   ####
                                                              equipment on site
GM.6.6    Incident during start-up post maintenance           Recommissioning procedures in maintenance task
                                                                                                                            #   ####
                                                              breakdowns or method statements
GM.6.7    Injury associated with tyre maintenance             Site Tyre Policy (covering fitting and inflation of tyres)    #   ####
GM.6.8    Unsafe maintenance practices                        Correct tools available for all maintenance tasks
                                                                                                                            #   ####
                                                              Equipment operating manuals available for both operations
                                                              & maintenance personnel
GM.7      Management of Change




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                 Page 21 of 55                                                      9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                 Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                         Example safeguards                                                        Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                  Risk
GM.7.1     Insufficient consideration of change leads to an     Management of Change Procedure (aligned with GEN 11);
           incident or loss                                     site management trained in the MoC Procedure.

                                                                Delegation of authority for approval of MoCs

                                                                When change occurs, staff are retrained where required       #   ####

                                                                Changes to Air BP systems and local legal requirements
                                                                communicated to all staff



GM.8       Information and Documentation
GM.8.1     Safety Documentation not compliant with legal        Compliance Management System maintained and
           requirements                                         monitored by BP Country organisation
                                                                                                                             #   ####
                                                                All required insurance cover in place, including Employers
                                                                Insurance
GM.8.2     Loss of key electronic information (e.g. safety,     Electronic data back-up procedure - Country Information
           employment, accounting)                              Technology (IT) security policy followed
                                                                                                                             #   ####
                                                                Document retention policy with documents (e.g. medical)
                                                                stored safely
GM.9       Customers and Products
GM.9.1     Staff, contractors and customers unaware of product Material safety data sheets (MSDSs) for all hazardous
           health risks                                        materials used on site available, compliant with local
                                                               legislation and up to date

                                                                MSDSs provided with drum sales and sales contracts           #   ####

                                                                HAZCHEM labelling

GM.10      Community and Stakeholder Awareness
GM.10.1    Non-operating JV partners unaware of site issues     Regular meetings with JV partners at which HSSE and
                                                                                                                             #   ####
                                                                operational issues are discussed and resolved
GM.11      Crisis and Emergency Management




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                               Page 22 of 55                                                        9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                          Rating
Ref        Example Risk                                             Example safeguards                                                             Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                           Risk
GM.11.1    Inappropriate decisions made during a site               Site specific Emergency Procedures Manual (reviewed
           emergency                                                annually) - Lessons learned from previous emergency
                                                                    exercises incorporated.

                                                                    Staff trained in site Emergency Procedures

                                                                    Emergency response exercises in association with others
                                                                    agencies (e.g. airport and local fire-fighting services,
                                                                    harbour authority, neighbours)                                    #   ####

                                                                    Regular fire-fighting service familiarisation visits covering
                                                                    all fire service shifts

                                                                    Emergency equipment inspection and testing programme

                                                                    Staff trained in use of fire fighting equipment


GM.11.2    Reputational risk associated with being unable to         Business Continuity Plan (BCP) / Pandemic Response
                                                                                                                                      #   ####
           provide a service as a result of an emergency             Plan
GM.11.3    Insufficient medical assistance available to staff in the Access to trained First Aiders at all hours
           event of an emergency
                                                                     First Aid support capability takes into account the distance
                                                                     to the nearest hospital                                          #   ####

                                                                    First Aid equipment and consumables held on site -
                                                                    checked by airport medical staff
GM.11.4    Insufficient emergency equipment available to staff in Emergency equipment assessment (e.g. to determine
           the event of an emergency                              numbers of fire extinguishers, spill clean-up equipment)            #   ####

GM.11.5    Reputational risk associated with inappropriate          Media training for specific individuals; other staff aware that
           comments made to the media                               they should not speak to the media unless trained                 #   ####

GM.12      Incidents Analysis & Prevention




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                     Page 23 of 55                                                           9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                                 Rating
Ref         Example Risk                                               Example safeguards                                                                 Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                                  Risk
GM.12.1     Failure to learn from past incidents and lessons           Operations Integrity and HSSE incidents, including near
            learned                                                    misses, openly reported, investigated, analysed and
                                                                       documented to enable lessons to be learned

                                                                       Operations Bulletins read and signed as read by all site
                                                                       staff. Operations News circulated for their interest.               #     ####

                                                                       Incident and Near Miss trend analysis circulated within
                                                                       Asset



GM.13       Assessment, Assurance & Improvement
GM.13.1     Incident where site specific risk has been identified      Inspection report (local and external) recommendations
            previously                                                 closed out by the due date
                                                                                                                                           #     ####
                                                                       Compliance with other higher management requirements,
                                                                       e.g. Operations Bulletins
MAR         Major Accident Risk
MAR 1a      Depot fire from ignition of large Spills within a depot    Equipment is designed to industry/Air BP standards;
            (from component failure, e.g. hose/fitting/gasket          Acceptable Standards checklist; Plant inspections on
            failure, filter vessels, corroded pipework)                hoses (M9 & M10), relief valves (M78), pipework (M75),
                                                                       filter vessels (M3); water removed at all opportunities         2 3 2 5    M
                                                                       (reduces risk of internal corrosion); limited use of threaded
                                                                       fittings; sources of ignition are controlled (hazardous area
                                                                       classification)
MAR 1aa     Depot fire from ignition of large Spills within a depot    Plant inspections on pipework (M75); water removed at all
            from recovery tank overfills or sampling valves left       opportunities (reduces risk of internal corrosion) and
            open resulting in a fire - although the initial fire may   pipework stainless steel; overfill protection on product
            be small it could affect the surrounding facilities.       recovery systems (GEN 49); limited use of threaded              2 3 2 5    M
                                                                       fittings; sources of ignition are controlled (hazardous area
                                                                       classification)
MAR 1aaa Fire from ignition of large Spills within a depot from        Contruction standards of vehicles minimises roll over;
         vehicle overfill, vehicle rollover, vehicle collision         vehicles meet VEHC 10 (new build) or VEHC 21
                                                                       (existing/second hand); overfill protection (FB/2008/04);
                                                                       spring loaded valves on sampling systems; sources of
                                                                       ignition are controlled (hazardous area classification);     2 3 2 5       M
                                                                       Driver competence training and qualification including
                                                                       Smith's training; vehicle loading task breakdowns (including
                                                                       overfill protection)




          GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                        Page 24 of 55                                                               9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                              Rating
Ref      Example Risk                                                 Example safeguards                                                               Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                               Risk
MAR 2    Depot fire due to loss of containment of fixed storage Design standards; tank inspections (M76 & GEN 71);
         and ignition                                           secondary containment (e.g. bund); sources of ignition are
                                                                                                                                    2 3 2 5    M
                                                                controlled (hazardous area classification)

MAR 3    Personal injury - Driving - Potential for fatalities         DSS requirements: Minimum vehicle recommendations;
         arising from on-road driving of road tankers through         vehicle maintenance; vehicle data recorder (tachograph);
         contractors (where controlled by Air BP directly).           seat belt; Driving License checks; Mobile phone and two
         Note excludes any short public road driving as part of       way communication restrictions; Journey risk management
         into plane service.                                          (High risk countries); GEN 225 Monitoring Activities;         2 3 2 5    M
                                                                      Tiredness training (Professional drivers); Defensive Driver
                                                                      Training (on-road)



MAR 4    Personal injuries - usually to single individual resulting   Enclosed fuelling system to minimise hydrocarbon
         from a high occupational exposure to hydrocarbons            exposure; regular maintenance to minimise any
         (e.g. constant exposure during fuelling at an airport)       spills/leaks; PPE policy to minimise health exposures (GEN
         or physical injury caused whilst travelling (e.g. back       330); procedures that minimise health exposures (GEN
         injury, disease)                                             555 Training Manual Task Breakdowns); R&M
                                                                      Occupational Health Department (Medical examination
                                                                      every two years for regular travellers, vaccinations, travel
                                                                      kits for regular travellers); Group Security provide regular
                                                                      updates of high risk countries via the intranet and email    2 3 2 4     M
                                                                      (e.g. travel guidelines, travel alerts); Group-wide ISOS
                                                                      agreement for the relocation of travelling employees in any
                                                                      emergency situation; Approved drivers/chauffeurs to escort
                                                                      travellers in high risk countries; R&M Health Travel and
                                                                      Group Security Travel intranet sites can be easily found
                                                                      and contain relevant information



MAR 5    Personal Injuries - usually to a single individual           PPE specifications (e.g. foot wear); Fall prevention
         resulting from a slip, trip or fall including from a         systems (e.g. hand rails, harnesses); Fall arrest systems
         working at height position. Injuries can range from          (e.g. personal harnesses elastic/breakaway); gantry access
         bruising, grazing to potential fatality from working at      to vehicle tops; anti-slip surfaces; plant signage and
         height. Note - This risk covers routine activities (non      markings; restricted access to working at heights positions;
         routine project engineering working at height issues         training to use of '3-points of contact'; emphasis on correct 3 5 3 4    M
         are addressed separately).                                   method to enter/exit a vehicle cab (training and decals);
                                                                      procedures for working in slippery conditions (e.g. de-icing
                                                                      fluid/icy conditions);




        GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                        Page 25 of 55                                                              9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                              Rating
Ref      Example Risk                                                Example safeguards                                                                Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                               Risk
MAR 6    Personal injuries - usually to single individual resulting Use of appropriate equipment for lifting; labelling of
         from lifting/moving an object(s) using poor technique. equipment weight (e.g. valve chamber covers); manual
                                                                    handling procedures to ensure safe lifting operations (e.g.
                                                                    in Task Breakdowns; manual handling training (e.g.
                                                                    induction training on how to lift hoses, pit covers); lessons   2 3 2 2     L
                                                                    learnt on manual handling incidents (e.g. posters, one
                                                                    pagers, RCA reports) discussed in site safety meetings

MAR 7    Plane crash - PQ - Lack of FSII (in Jet) allows water       Design of additive injection equipment (MECH 150); regular
         to freeze resulting in fuel starvation and engine           calibration (Regs AD.7.7); annual testing of FSII quality to
         failure. Note for most military contracts Air BP are not    assess potential deterioration of FSII; additive storage
         required to inject FSII, this scenario reflects the         (Regs AD.4); volume verification of additive injection rate;
         occasional times that Air BP is contractually required      task breakdown for FSII injection; additivation using PRIST 2 4 2 5       M
         to inject FSII at point of delivery. An over-injection of   accountability of pilot/agent
         FSII is not considered a problem unless massive over
         injection occurs.

MAR 8    Plane crash - PQ - Delivery of Jet fuel to a spark      Selective fill port and spout/nozzle; grade selective
         ignition piston engine plane can lead to engine failure couplings for refuelling vehicles and offloading points;
         and plane crash.                                        grade dedicated trucks and markings; grade decals
                                                                 (storage, pipework, vehicles, aircraft); product quality
                                                                 checks (tank release, post vehicle loading); 'no decal no
                                                                 fuel' policy; Prevention of misfuelling (Regulations IP.6.6 -      3 5 3 5     H
                                                                 grade confirmation, wing decal check, Fuel Grade
                                                                 Verification Form); task breakdown (025); posters (Cobra -
                                                                 pilots, Six steps to prevent misfuelling' - operator)

MAR 9    Plane crash - PQ - Contaminated fuel delivered to           Filtration; routine inspections of filters (M3 & strainers);
         aircraft causes in-flight engine failure and crash.         design standards of tanks/pipework (e.g. linings, water
         Avgas contamination identified as a significant MAR         removal); tank product quality inspections (M24, M28 &
         risk (due to vulnerability of piston engine technology),    3/5/7 yearly cleaning); dedicated grade selective systems;
         but this scenario extended to include jet fuel              pressure vacuum vents prevent loss of light ends from
         contamination which is also a MAR risk (but                 aboveground tanks; product quality control checks to
         considered to be well controlled and therefore less of      product specification (e.g. product traceability,            2 4 2 5      M
         a risk than Avgas contamination); this risk                 density/contaminants/water/particulates checks and water
         assessment is based on the Avgas contamination risk         draining); periodic (every 6 months) testing of stored avgas
         only, although many of the controls are common
         between Avgas and Jet. Excludes water slugs which
         are considered separately.




        GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                       Page 26 of 55                                                               9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                               Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                               Example safeguards                                                                 Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                                Risk
MAR 10    Plane Crash - PQ - Delivery of a large volume of           Design of aviation storage tanks (i.e. sloping floor to sump,
          water which is sufficient to cause an engine failure       floating suction); vehicle design (e.g. sump to drain water);
          during flight either due to injection into the engine or   water removing filtration at Into-Plane; Sampling and
          ice formation. This water could be delivered through a     testing of presence of free water (tanks, vehicles,           2 3 2 5      M
          hydrant vehicle or a refueller.                            hydrants); product settling; hydrant dispenser free water
                                                                     checks before and after each refuelling

MAR 11    Pressurised fuelling vehicle hose end/ aircraft adaptor    Mechanical interlock on nozzle prevents nozzle removal
          parting from each other during fuelling leading to an      during fuel flow (SAE/AS 5877 & Technical Approvals);
          uncontained pressurised release of fuel, which then        double lock on swivel quick disconnect mechanism
          could be ignited potentially leading to multiple           reduces possibility of separation and product release;
          injuries/fatalities. [Industry standards have been         regular inspection check for hose (M9 & M10), nozzle and
          raised significantly after the Denver Fire incident.]      swivel quick disconnect coupling (M2 & M18); design of
                                                                     hoses (API EI 1529, BS EN 1361) and hose connections
                                                                     (Technical Approvals); vehicle design includes specific
                                                                     ignition reduction controls (e.g. shielding of hot engine
                                                                     parts, battery isolation switch and emergency engine stop,
                                                                     use of diesel engines); static electricity controls (bonding
                                                                     cables, semi-conductive hoses and tyres, anti static
                                                                     footwear)
                                                                                                                                     2 3 2 5    M
                                                                     Platforms are not moved during fuel flow; hoses hang
                                                                     perpendicularly and free from snags (JIG and Air BP
                                                                     Regulations); wear gauges to identify worn mating
                                                                     surfaces; regular visual observations of aircraft pressurised
                                                                     connections and hoses during fuelling to react quickly to
                                                                     any issues; Hazardous Area classification for fuelling
                                                                     operation; other ignition sources restricted (fuelling not
                                                                     permitted in presence of lightning or when
                                                                     vehicle/APU/GPU approaches within 6 metres, mobile
                                                                     phone and two way comms policy); Emergency Procedures
                                                                     specify risk reduction measures to prevent a fire if a spill
                                                                     occurs.




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                      Page 27 of 55                                                                9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                              Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                              Example safeguards                                                                 Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                               Risk
MAR 12    Fire resulting from the ignition of jet fuel released     Platforms are not moved during fuel flow; hoses hang
          under pressure from the failure of a component in the     perpendicularly and free from snags (JIG and Air BP
          hydrant pit valve to refuelling vehicle system e.g.       Regulations); wear gauges to identify worn mating
          hydrant pit valve, pit valve coupler, hoses, and          surfaces; regular visual observations of aircraft pressurised
          connections.                                              connections and hoses during fuelling to react quickly to
                                                                    any issues; Hazardous Area classification for fuelling
                                                                    operation; other ignition sources restricted (fuelling not    2 3 2 5      M
                                                                    permitted in presence of lightning or when
                                                                    vehicle/APU/GPU approaches within 6 metres, mobile
                                                                    phone and two way comms policy); Emergency Procedures
                                                                    specify risk reduction measures to prevent a fire if a spill
                                                                    occurs.


MAR 13    Plane Fire with multiple fatalities as a result of        Vehicle design to prevent collision (windscreen wipers and
          refuelling vehicle hitting plane wing or vehicle to       heaters, mirrors, lights, platform proximity sensor); vehicle
          vehicle collision releasing product which then ignites    design to prevent ignition (spark arrestors, diesel engines,
          and affects the aircraft                                  electrics, bonding, semi conductive tyres); fire
                                                                    extinguishers; Substance Abuse Policy; Airport Driving
                                                                    Rules; speed limits; Reversing Policy (guideman); Driving       1 4 1 5     L
                                                                    Safety Standard (DSS) Controls (vehicle approach, brake
                                                                    testing, maintaining a clear exit (IP 6.3.2 and 6.3.3));
                                                                    Airport Fire Service cover provided when passengers
                                                                    onboard; Airport Driver Training (e.g. Smith's)


MAR 14    Fire resulting from ignition of wing vent spill from      Aircraft design to prevent wing vent spills (e.g. tank level
          pressurised refuelling of aircraft. Does not include      gauges, alarms, surge tanks, auto shutoff); ignition
          overwing refuellings. Generally, Air BP does not have     reduction controls on fuelling vehicles (but not on other
          control of the events leading to a wing vent spill, or    apron users); additional services (fuelling operator
          the control of ignition sources.                          manages aircraft fuelling panel) training; exclusion zones   1 4 1 5        L
                                                                    around wing vent areas (managed by others); Emergency
                                                                    Procedures specify risk reduction measures to prevent a
                                                                    fire if a spill occurs, especially emergency shutdown button

MAR 15    Crisis Management - Emergency response related to                                                                                                                    Not relevant at site level
          Air BP operations. e.g. product quality incident at an
                                                                                                                                        #     ####
          international airport resulting in grounding of planes.




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                      Page 28 of 55                                                               9 September 2009
                                                                                                                                             Rating
Ref       Example Risk                                               Example safeguards                                                               Example Proposed Actions Example Comments




                                                                                                                                              Risk
MAR 16    Security - Air BP facilities could be used by terrorists   Access control systems (gates, security guards); perimeter
          to gain access to airside at both large and small          protection (fences, barbed wire, limited entry points);
          airports. This would have a significant adverse public     monitoring systems (CCTV, thermal imaging, infra red
          reception of Air BP and BP. The major risk is              beams, dog patrols); Strict controls over airside pass issue;
          considered to be reputational. Note that the main          visitors book; vetting of staff pre-employment; visible site
          examples are using Air BP depot to access airside on       passes; BP Group Security alert levels and requirements       1 5 1 5     L
          a one off basis and using a 'sleeper' member of the
          work force to commit a terrorist act either directly or
          part of a larger conspiracy.

MAR 17    HSE Legislation - non compliance. Air BP may not           Compliance Management System; legislation updates
          be complying with local legislation which could result     received from country management
                                                                                                                               2 3 2 3        M
          in the termination of the licence to operate with
          potentional reputational exposure
MAR 18    Fire/Spill - Loss of containment from an Air BP owned      Design standards of cross country pipelines (BS 8010, EN
          or operated pipeline leading to an environmental           14161, ASME B31.4, PD 8010); Pipeline Integrity
          incident or fire                                           Management System (GEN 72); over-pressure protection
                                                                     systems; cathodic protection systems; wayleave           2 3 2 5         M
                                                                     management; pipeline specific operating procedures; CoW
                                                                     adjacent to pipelines; Marker posts

MAR 19    Personal Injuries - This risk covers the risk from non     Global Control of Work process on Air BP sites (GEN 3 &
          routine activities and focuses primarly on serious         GEN 12) - method of working selected to minimise risk;
          personal injuries, but also includes spills, fires and     selection and management of competent contractors (GEN 3 4 3 4           M
          equipment damage.                                          315); Site Safe Working Practices (GEN 51)




         GEN 91 Site Risk Register - Example                                                    Page 29 of 55                                                                9 September 2009
site xyz GEN 91 SITE RISK REGISTER
Safeguards assume that people are trained and competent and that inspection and testing is carried out appropriately and to required frequency.

Other Risk Assessment Process References:                                                                                                           Risk Assessor/s           xx
RA1        HAZOP                                                                                                                                    Date Reviewed:            xx
RA2        Gate by Gate Assessment                                                                                                                  Area Operations Manager   xx
RA3        LOPA                                                                                                                                     Date Reviewed:            xx
RA4        Acceptable Standards Checklist
RA5        GEN 501
RA6        Waiver xyz
RA7        Site Specific Task Breakdown Risk Assessments
RA8        Permit to Work process
RA9        Lone Person Working assessemnt
RA10       GEN 80 Environmental Checklist




                                                                                                                                           Rating
Ref         Risk                                                       Safeguards                                                                   Proposed Actions          Comments




                                                                                                                                            Risk
                                                                                                                               F L P I

LOC.1       External fire
LOC.1.1     Fire in adjacent facilities                                                                                              #     ####
LOC.1.2     Sustained fire from trees or grassland                                                                                   #     ####
LOC.1.3     Proximity of hazardous areas to boundary –
            susceptibility to uncontrolled sources of ignition (e.g.
                                                                                                                                     #     ####
            lit matches) being launched over/through the
            boundary
LOC.2       Third Parties
LOC.2.1     Placing of buildings within 6.3 kW/m² radiation
            contour from bund, fuel handling areas or parked                                                                         #     ####
            vehicles (GEN 565 Part 5)
LOC.2.2     High Voltage power lines creating ignition source
                                                                                                                                     #     ####
LOC.2.3     Will adjacent Third Party facilities and activities be
            affected by Air BP operations (smells, noise etc.)?                                                                      #     ####

            Will Air BP operations be affected by adjacent Third
            Party facilities and activities (smells, noise, ignition                                                                 #     ####
            sources etc.)?
LOC.2.4     Third party equipment/facilities located within site
            (e.g. utilities, pipeline receipt), aboveground or below                                                                 #     ####
            ground or overhead
LOC.2.5     Proximity to high value facilities or personnel (e.g.
                                                                                                                                     #     ####
            VIP hangars and suites)




          29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                             Page 30 of 55                                                                       Review date
                                                                                                                 Rating
Ref         Risk                                                          Safeguards                                      Proposed Actions   Comments




                                                                                                                  Risk
                                                                                                       F L P I

LOC.3       Water interfaces
LOC.3.1     Spill contaminates waterways                                                                   #     ####
LOC.3.2     Spill contaminates ground water, including water
                                                                                                           #     ####
            extraction aquifers
LOC.3.3     Inundation – major flooding (e.g. river flood plain),
                                                                                                           #     ####
            landslip
LOC.4       Vehicle interfaces
LOC.4.1     Traffic incident related to flow of traffic within depot
                                                                                                           #     ####
LOC.4.2     3rd party vehicle access agreements                                                            #     ####
LOC.4.3     Facilities impact from depot vehicle traffic                                                   #     ####
LOC.4.4     Facilities impact from external vehicle traffic                                                #     ####
LOC.4.5     Dangers from staff / visitor / Third Party parked
            vehicles – ignition source, vehicle fire, car-bomb                                             #     ####

LOC.4.6     Vehicle exhaust fumes                                                                          #     ####
LOC.4.7     Reversing vehicles                                                                             #     ####
LOC.4.8     Vehicle entry & exit interfering with other traffic or site
                                                                                                           #     ####
            operations
LOC.4.9     Sections of adverse camber for vehicle movements
            (within site and on commonly used routes)                                                      #     ####

LOC.4.10    Segregation of traffic from people movements                                                   #     ####
LOC.5       Aircraft interfaces
LOC.5.1     Vulnerability of fixed facilities and parked vehicles to
            aircraft damage (physical impact by moving aircraft or                                         #     ####
            aircraft wash/wake)
LOC.5.2     Proximity to helicopter approach/depart zones                                                  #     ####
LOC.6       Security
LOC.6.1     Fencing – height, condition, security blind spots and
                                                                                                           #     ####
            breach points
LOC.6.2     Limited emergency vehicle access to site                                                       #     ####
LOC.6.3     Impaired escape from site during emergency                                                     #     ####
LOC.6.4     Site access control (unauthorised access), out of
                                                                                                           #     ####
            hours security
LOC.7       Natural world
LOC.7.1     Vegetation impacts - toxic plants, breeding ground for
            unwanted fauna (e.g. reptile nests, mosquitoes), risk                                          #     ####
            to structural integrity etc.
LOC.7.2     Vegetation growth – affecting security fences, CCTV
                                                                                                           #     ####
            coverage




           29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                    Page 31 of 55                                            Review date
                                                                                                             Rating
Ref        Risk                                                       Safeguards                                      Proposed Actions   Comments




                                                                                                              Risk
                                                                                                   F L P I

LOC.7.3    Leaves – slipping hazard in autumn, dirt build-up
                                                                                                       #     ####
LOC.7.4    Wildlife (e.g. reptiles, scorpions, birds, insects)
                                                                                                       #     ####
           impact on personnel
LOC.7.5    Diseases from animals, e.g. via faeces (e.g. Wiel's
           disease, psittacosis), mosquito bites (malaria, dengue
                                                                                                       #     ####
           fever) – animal faeces create slip hazard

LOC.7.6    Obligations to protect species of special importance
           or sites of special scientific interest (protected fauna                                    #     ####
           and flora)
DC.1       Geographic
DC.1.1     Seismic area                                                                                #     ####
DC.1.2     Lightning strike                                                                            #     ####
DC.1.3     Subsidence - loose soils, limestone voids, mining (old
           or current) activity, clay, landfill / reclaimed land,                                      #     ####
           permafrost / ground heave
DC.1.4     High water table                                                                            #     ####
DC.1.5     Low water table                                                                             #     ####
DC.1.6     Natural gas releases, e.g. methane, radon, hydrogen
                                                                                                       #     ####
           sulphide
DC.1.7     Extremes of cold - snow loading on buildings, ice
           covered surfaces, freezing of water pipes (inc
                                                                                                       #     ####
           emergency showers), concrete spalling, skin damage
           from cold surfaces, frostbite etc.
DC.1.8     Extremes of heat - equipment damage, road surface
           (melting asphalt), emergency showers, skin burns
                                                                                                       #     ####
           from hot surfaces, dehydration, heat exhaustion

DC.1.9     Exposure to salt atmospheres                                                                #     ####
DC.1.10    Other extreme conditions - wind, sand, naturally
                                                                                                       #     ####
           occurring asbestos etc.
DC.1.11    Strong sunlight – sunburn / skin cancer, reflected
           sunlight (glare) from mirrored surfaces affecting staff                                     #     ####
           and Third Parties
DC.2       Planning Restrictions
DC.2.1     Maximum elevation limitation imposed by aircraft
                                                                                                       #     ####
           operations
DC.2.2     Licence to operate limitations (e.g. paint colour, light
           contamination, noise limits, working hours, deliveries)                                     #     ####




          29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                 Page 32 of 55                                            Review date
                                                                                                            Rating
Ref       Risk                                                       Safeguards                                      Proposed Actions   Comments




                                                                                                             Risk
                                                                                                  F L P I

DC.2.3    Encroachment of Third Party development into
          radiation contour areas (GEN 565 Part 5) - ability to                                       #     ####
          influence external development
DC.3      Parking / Vehicle fuel transfer areas
DC.3.1    Surface drainage pooling (rather than run-off)                                              #     ####
DC.3.2    Spill escapes parking / vehicle fuel transfer areas –
          horizontally or vertically (permeable surface)                                              #     ####

DC.3.3    Transfer area surface not conductive (e.g. from
                                                                                                      #     ####
          concrete sealing coatings)
DC.4      Process Areas & Equipment
DC.4.1    Insufficient risk assessment of process safety                                              #     ####
DC.4.2    Fall from height:                                                                           #     ####
                                              Working platform
                                extent (e.g. tank manholes                                            #     ####
                                outside guardrail)
                                              Height of handrails
                                (if less than standard – 1100mm
                                                                                                      #     ####
                                in MECH 102)

                                            Hollow guardrails
                               (can rot from the inside)                                              #     ####

                                           Long rises on
                                                                                                      #     ####
                              ladders or stairs
                                           Vertical ladder
                                                                                                      #     ####
                              protection - hoops & chains
DC.4.3    Sampling systems – good sampling, access and ease
                                                                                                      #     ####
          of operation
DC.4.4    Valve access – ease of safe operation                                                       #     ####
DC.4.5    Vehicle loading/unloading areas – access (e.g.
          frequent stepping over of hose required) and position
                                                                                                      #     ####
          of equipment (e.g. meter readout not visible).

DC.4.6    Hose manual handling - weight of full hose &
          coupling, stiff hose and coupling due to pressure build-
                                                                                                      #     ####
          up (also trip hazard above ground level)

DC.4.7    Cable routing – trip hazards, appropriately supported
                                                                                                      #     ####
DC.4.8    Rotating equipment injury – machinery guards                                                #     ####




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                                                                                                             Risk
                                                                                                  F L P I

DC.4.9      Spares unavailable for old equipment                                                      #     ####
DC.4.10     Ability to maintain technology                                                            #     ####
DC.5        Storage bund arrangements
DC.5.1      Overflow from bund during fire fighting                                                   #     ####
DC.5.2      Leak path from bund floor and wall penetrations                                           #     ####
DC.5.3      Multiple products in bund                                                                 #     ####
DC.5.4      Suitability of access/egress route(s) into bund                                           #     ####
DC.6        Tanks
DC.6.1      Spacing between tanks - access for maintenance
                                                                                                      #     ####
DC.6.2      Horizontal tank fixing – security of mounting, sliding
            end relative to main process pipework end                                                 #     ####
            connections
DC.6.3      Tank venting - location of vent positions relative to
                                                                                                      #     ####
            dipping, relative to buildings
DC.6.4      Dip tube use - storage & handling of hard dip rods,
                                                                                                      #     ####
            proximity of overhead wires
DC.6.5      People unaware of potential for lead poisoning during
                                                                                                      #     ####
            confined space entry
DC.7        Piping
DC.7.1      Screwed fitting leakage                                                                   #     ####
DC.7.2      Aboveground pipework not designed and
                                                                                                      #     ####
            manufactured to a known standard
DC.7.3      Underground pipework not designed and
                                                                                                      #     ####
            manufactured to a known standard
DC.7.4      Asbestos - gasket materials                                                               #     ####
DC.7.5      Drains routing & discharge - knowledge of routes and
                                                                                                      #     ####
            suitability of discharge point
DC.8        Fuel Hydrant
DC.8.1.1    Leak into ground – internal/external pressure (surge
                                                                                                      #     ####
            pressures)
DC.8.1.2    Leak into ground – subsidence/settlement                                                  #     ####
DC.8.1.3    Leak into ground – CP system not working/not
                                                                                                      #     ####
            connected after maintenance/not effective
DC.8.1.4    Leak into ground – stray current from other service
                                                                                                      #     ####
            affecting CP
DC.8.1.5    Leak into ground – impact damage from dropped
                                                                                                      #     ####
            cover
DC.8.1.6    Leak into ground – damage from excavation                                                 #     ####




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                                                                                                                 Risk
                                                                                                      F L P I

DC.8.1.7     Leak into ground – loads or ground movement from
             nearby construction activities, e.g. vibration loads
                                                                                                          #     ####
             from piling, large earth stockpiles (lateral and vertical
             ground heave), tunnelling
DC.8.1.8     Leak into ground – transmitted loads from structures
                                                                                                          #     ####
DC.8.1.9     Leak into ground – pit box seal                                                              #     ####
DC.8.1.10    Leak into ground – flange leak                                                               #     ####
DC.8.2       Fuel stop button activation fails to prevent flow –
             valve closures, FSB reliability (fail-safe?), spill
                                                                                                          #     ####
             escalation due to elevation differences between depot
             and apron
DC.8.3       Confined space entry into valve chambers – access
             method, emergency recovery, manlid design, space                                             #     ####

DC.8.4       Unauthorised or accidental access to valve chambers
                                                                                                          #     ####
             – sabotage, confined spaces
DC.8.5       Manual handling injury from lifting covers                                                   #     ####
DC.8.6       Valve chamber structural integrity – walls and covers
                                                                                                          #     ####
DC.8.7       High liquid (water or product) level in valve chambers
             – electrical equipment, cathodic protection isolation                                        #     ####

DC.8.8       Product contamination - Low points etc.                                                      #     ####
DC.8.9       Mothballed pipe – nitrogen release, asphyxiation
                                                                                                          #     ####
DC.8.10      Abandoned pipe – collapse, damage to other
                                                                                                          #     ####
             structures, ground contamination
DC.9         Fuel Hydrant Operations (linked with Gate by Gate
             Assessment)
DC.9.1       Spill under pressure – intake coupler knock-off                                              #     ####
DC.9.2       Access to fuel stop buttons – distance from stand,
                                                                                                          #     ####
             visibility, other ramp users awareness
DC.9.3       Manual handling injury – pit lids, connecting to pit
                                                                                                          #     ####
             valves and drain valves, cleaning
DC.9.4       Impact damage from pit valve cover being blown by
                                                                                                          #     ####
             jet wash
DC.9.5       Hydrant pit valve location exposes operators to
                                                                                                          #     ####
             danger
DC.9.6       Vent and low point location exposes operators to
                                                                                                          #     ####
             danger




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                                                                                                                  Rating
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                                                                                                                   Risk
                                                                                                        F L P I

DC.10      Fire fighting equipment
DC.10.1    Insufficient capability to fight fire – sufficient for small
           scale pool fires only, equipment not compatible with                                             #     ####
           fire-fighting services equipment
DC.10.2    Unable to operate fire-fighting systems in the event of
                                                                                                            #     ####
           fire – too close to fire etc.
DC.10.3    Insufficient water supply – pressure, security of
                                                                                                            #     ####
           supply, flow rate
DC.11      Lighting levels
DC.11.1    Intensity on site - light levels for operating areas
                                                                                                            #     ####
           during darkness
DC.11.2    Intensity off site - road traffic / pilot night-sight (glare)
                                                                                                            #     ####
DC.11.3    Maintenance of high level lighting - area lighting and
                                                                                                            #     ####
           Brand signs
DC.12      Miscellaneous Ancillary Facilities
DC.12.1    Drainage arrangement – insufficient capacity for rate
                                                                                                            #     ####
           of rainfall, blockages (ditches and pipes)
DC.12.2    Ground fuel facilities - integrity & location                                                    #     ####
DC.12.3    Heating oil facilities - integrity & location                                                    #     ####
DC.12.4    Air compressor explosion                                                                         #     ####
DC.13      Design for emergencies
DC.13.1    Escape routes – safe route, signage, number and
                                                                                                            #     ####
           location of exits
DC.13.2    Access routes - safe route, marking                                                              #     ####
DC.13.3    ESBs - location                                                                                  #     ####
DC.13.4    Emergency shower - integrity & location                                                          #     ####
DC.13.5    Emergency eyewash - integrity & location                                                         #     ####
VM.1       General Driving
VM.1.1     Vehicles not legally permitted on public or airport
                                                                                                            #     ####
           roads
VM.1.2     Drivers not legally permitted to drive the vehicles (on
                                                                                                            #     ####
           road or airport)
VM.1.3     Drivers not competent (Third Parties within depot and
                                                                                                            #     ####
           own staff)
VM.1.4     Drivers too tired to drive                                                                       #     ####
VM.1.5     Unsafe Third Party vehicles enter site and hazardous
                                                                                                            #     ####
           area
VM.1.6     Stability of vehicle - speed, centre of gravity, engine
           torque, turn radius, tractor weight vs trailer weight                                            #     ####




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                                                                                                                  Risk
                                                                                                       F L P I

VM.1.7     Communication - inability to communicate                                                        #     ####
VM.1.8     Communication - distraction from radios, mobile
           phones, other messaging systems, auto-dispatch                                                  #     ####
           system
VM.1.9     Collision with aircraft / other vehicles                                                        #     ####
VM.1.10    Collision with pedestrians – within depot and outside
                                                                                                           #     ####
VM.1.11    Collision with buildings / fixed facilities (including fifth
                                                                                                           #     ####
           wheel overhang)
VM.2       Vehicles General
VM.2.1     Manoeuvrability – ease of access, exit and turning
                                                                                                           #     ####
           circle
VM.2.2     Parking on site – depot congestion, manoeuvring
                                                                                                           #     ####
VM.2.3     Parking outside gate or on apron – impact on others
                                                                                                           #     ####
VM.2.4     Spares availability                                                                             #     ####
VM.2.5     Fall from height - vehicles                                                                     #     ####
VM.2.6     Compliance with emissions regulations                                                           #     ####
VM.2.7     Process equipment (including fueller and fuel hydrant
           service vehicle tanks) condition and reliability                                                #     ####

VM.2.8     Prime mover (engine and chassis) condition and
                                                                                                           #     ####
           reliability
VM.2.9     Condition of company non-fuelling vehicles - integrity
                                                                                                           #     ####
           & maintenance
VM.2.10    Petrol engines - source of ignition in hazardous area
                                                                                                           #     ####
VM.2.11    Contractor equipment - integrity & maintenance                                                  #     ####
VM.3       Bridgers (own and Third Party vehicles)
VM.3.1     Condition of delivering vehicles – standard /
                                                                                                           #     ####
           maintenance of delivery vehicles
VM.3.2     Overfill – bridger loading on site                                                              #     ####
VM.4       Fuellers & Fuel Hydrant Servicing Vehicles (own
           and Third Party vehicles)
VM.4.1     Overfill protection – compliance with vehicle overfill
                                                                                                           #     ####
           protection policy, defuelling
VM.4.2     Brake activation due to interlock when vehicle
                                                                                                           #     ####
           travelling at speed
VM.4.3     Overpressure/vacuum of fueller tank                                                             #     ####




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                                                                                                                Risk
                                                                                                     F L P I

VM.5       Dispensers (powered carts, towed carts, manually
           moved carts)
VM.5.1     Electric vehicle charging - integrity & maintenance
                                                                                                         #     ####
VM.6       Towable steps
VM.6.1     Towing stability - maximum speed specified and
                                                                                                         #     ####
           adhered to, maintenance of tyre pressures
VM.6.2     Stability of steps when in use                                                                #     ####
VM.6.3     Parking - location of steps when not required                                                 #     ####
VM.6.4     Structural integrity - integrity of frame, platform, steps
                                                                                                         #     ####
           & tow eye, life expectancy
VM.6.5     Impact from Third Party - in use or parked                                                    #     ####
VM.7       Service vehicles
VM.7.1     Fuel hydrant pit cleaners - integrity & maintenance
                                                                                                         #     ####
FO.1       Fuelling Operations General
FO.1.1     Spills/leaks on apron and subsequent fire                                                     #     ####
FO.1.2     Fuelling operator injury from moving aircraft, aircraft
                                                                                                         #     ####
           parts, sharp parts of fuselage
FO.1.3     Damage to aircraft from fuelling equipment impact –
           ladders (incorrect use, wind, jet blast), nozzles,                                            #     ####
           aircraft settling
FO.1.4     Contaminated or off specification fuel - Filter, dp
           gauge, sampling arrangement, hose end strainer                                                #     ####

FO.1.5     Incorrect volume delivered – bypass downstream of
                                                                                                         #     ####
           meter, meter accuracy
FO.1.6     Jet blast - damage to fuelling equipment, personal
                                                                                                         #     ####
           injury
FO.1.7     Aircraft fuel tank ignition due to static discharge                                           #     ####
FO.1.8     Operator unaware of risks associated with particular
                                                                                                         #     ####
           aircraft or aircraft requirements
FO.1.9     Simultaneous operations within depot (loading 2
           vehicles, 1 bridger offload and 1 fueller loading etc.)                                       #     ####

FO.1.10    Insufficient fuel for the customer                                                            #     ####
FO.1.11    Self-service - tank sampling, misfuelling, spill clean-
           up, ignition safety, theft, post fuelling sampling (e.g.                                      #     ####
           water detector test)
FO.2       Pressure (Underwing) Fuelling
FO.2.1     Over pressure of aircraft tanks                                                               #     ####




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                                                                                                             Risk
                                                                                                  F L P I

FO.2.2    Drive-away                                                                                  #     ####
FO.2.3    Aircraft wing vent spills – off-site contamination                                          #     ####
FO.2.4    Additive injection – ergonomics, proof of delivery of
          additive, potential to misfuel non-additised customers                                      #     ####

FO.3      Overwing Fuelling
FO.3.1    Misfuelling                                                                                 #     ####
FO.3.2    Unstable aircraft                                                                           #     ####
FO.3.3    Disposal of pilot’s aircraft fuel samples                                                   #     ####
FO.3.4    Fall from height                                                                            #     ####
FO.4      Drum Operations
FO.4.1    Unable to trace destination of contaminated product
                                                                                                      #     ####
B.1       Buildings General (including canopies, sample
          kiosks, outbuildings, storerooms)
B.1.1     Structural integrity - standard of construction & repair
          of the structure, remaining life, weatherproof                                              #     ####

B.1.2     Access restrictions - obstructions for entry/exit (e.g.
                                                                                                      #     ####
          disabled)
B.1.3     Asbestos - known or suspected use of asbestos in
                                                                                                      #     ####
          the building fabric
B.1.4     Building maintenance (e.g. window cleaning, roof
                                                                                                      #     ####
          access)
B.2       Personnel Occupied Buildings (including Jetty
          control rooms)
B.2.1     Facilities – suitability, number of welfare facilities
                                                                                                      #     ####
B.3       Maintenance Workshop / Vehicle Service Building

B.3.1     Hot works                                                                                   #     ####
B.3.2     Other hazardous activities (e.g. spraying, blasting,
                                                                                                      #     ####
          pressure testing)
B.3.3     Inspection pit - access, egress & fall prevention                                           #     ####
B.4       Ancillary enclosures
B.4.1     Electrical switchroom safety                                                                #     ####
B.4.2     Battery room - hazardous area, acid storage, lead
                                                                                                      #     ####
B.4.3     HVAC (high volume air conditioning) rooms -
                                                                                                      #     ####
          suitability & condition, Legionnaires’ disease
B.4.4     Boiler rooms – carbon monoxide                                                              #     ####




         29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                 Page 39 of 55                                            Review date
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                                                                                                               Risk
                                                                                                    F L P I

EL.1       Electricity
EL.1.1     HV supply (>1000V) – capability to maintain                                                  #     ####
EL.1.2     Reliability of site supply - frequency of failures, local
                                                                                                        #     ####
           or across airport
EL.1.3     Supply quality - fluctuations                                                                #     ####
EL.1.4     LV Switchgear - personnel protection                                                         #     ####
EL.1.5     Light bulb replacement – interior and exterior                                               #     ####
EL.1.6     Cable conduits, pits and ducts – condition, pathway
                                                                                                        #     ####
           for contamination/vapours/vermin
EL.1.7     Small air conditioning units - requires working at
           height during maintenance (located on flat roof)                                             #     ####

EL.1.8     Electric shock from portable appliance (e.g. office
                                                                                                        #     ####
           printers, kettle, microwave oven)
OTH.1      Site Alarms
OTH.1.1    Alarms not heard – lone working, site temporarily
           unmanned during operation, out of hours                                                      #     ####

OTH.1.2    Alarm recognition – Outdoor alarms not heard in
           noisy or windy areas, indoor alarms not heard                                                #     ####
           outdoors
OTH.2      Noise
OTH.2.1    Aircraft noise - personnel exposure                                                          #     ####
OTH.2.2    Equipment noise - personnel exposure                                                         #     ####
OTH.2.3    Compressed air drain venting noise - personnel
                                                                                                        #     ####
           exposure
OTH.3      Lifting Equipment
OTH.3.1    Vehicle workshop hoist - certification                                                       #     ####
OTH.3.2    Rapid descent on vehicular lifting platform leading to
                                                                                                        #     ####
           injury
GM.1       Leadership & Accountability
GM.1.1     Insufficient HSSE leadership permits a lax safety
                                                                                                        #     ####
           culture and incidents
GM.1.2     Staff unaware of wider business context and activities
           - parochial interests may outweigh what is good for                                          #     ####
           the whole business
GM.1.3     Insufficient or inappropriate use of PPE                                                     #     ####
GM.1.4     Site sabotage or theft (product, cash or valuables) by
                                                                                                        #     ####
           staff
GM.1.5     Inadequate shift handover (information transfer) leads
                                                                                                        #     ####
           to incident




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                                                                                                           Risk
                                                                                                F L P I

GM.1.6    Negligent discharge of firearm within the depot by
                                                                                                    #     ####
          licensed user of firearm
GM.2      Risk Assessment & Management
GM.2.1    Health issues associated with operating IT equipment
          (e.g. Repetitive strain injury, eye strain, musculo-                                      #     ####
          skeletal disorders)
GM.2.2    Insufficient risk assessment of routine operations
                                                                                                    #     ####
GM.2.3    Insufficient risk assessment of road transport routes
                                                                                                    #     ####
GM.2.4    Insufficient risk assessment of non-routine activities
                                                                                                    #     ####
GM.3      People, Training & Behaviours
GM.3.1    Staff unaware of site/operational risks                                                   #     ####
GM.3.2    Visitors unaware of site risks                                                            #     ####
GM.3.3    Incident as a result of operator performing fuelling
          duties beyond the delivery nozzle (additional                                             #     ####
          services)
GM.3.4    Fatigue/tiredness leads to an incident                                                    #     ####
GM.4      Working with Contractors & Others
GM.4.1    Unsafe work carried out by contractors                                                    #     ####
GM.6      Operations & Maintenance
GM.6.1    Site not operated to a set standard                                                       #     ####
GM.6.2    Equipment not operated correctly                                                          #     ####
GM.6.3    Defective equipment used                                                                  #     ####
GM.6.4    Ineffective, costly or illegal waste disposal                                             #     ####
GM.6.5    Equipment/facilities not maintained appropriately
                                                                                                    #     ####
GM.6.6    Incident during start-up post maintenance                                                 #     ####
GM.6.7    Injury associated with tyre maintenance                                                   #     ####
GM.6.8    Unsafe maintenance practices                                                              #     ####
GM.7      Management of Change
GM.7.1    Insufficient consideration of change leads to an
                                                                                                    #     ####
          incident or loss
GM.8      Information and Documentation
GM.8.1    Safety Documentation not compliant with legal
                                                                                                    #     ####
          requirements
GM.8.2    Loss of key electronic information (e.g. safety,
                                                                                                    #     ####
          employment, accounting)
GM.9      Customers and Products




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                                                                                                                                               Rating
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                                                                                                                                                Risk
                                                                                                                                     F L P I

GM.9.1     Staff, contractors and customers unaware of product
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           health risks
GM.10      Community and Stakeholder Awareness
GM.10.1    Non-operating JV partners unaware of site issues
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
GM.11      Crisis and Emergency Management
GM.11.1    Inappropriate decisions made during a site
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           emergency
GM.11.2    Reputational risk associated with being unable to
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           provide a service as a result of an emergency
GM.11.3    Insufficient medical assistance available to staff in the
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           event of an emergency
GM.11.4    Insufficient emergency equipment available to staff in
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           the event of an emergency
GM.11.5    Reputational risk associated with inappropriate
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           comments made to the media
GM.12      Incidents Analysis & Prevention
GM.12.1    Failure to learn from past incidents and lessons
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           learned
GM.13      Assessment, Assurance & Improvement
GM.13.1    Incident where site specific risk has been identified
                                                                                                                                         #     ####
           previously
MAR        Major Accident Risk
MAR 1a     Depot fire from ignition of large Spills within a depot Equipment is designed to industry/Air BP standards;
           (from component failure, e.g. hose/fitting/gasket         Acceptable Standards checklist; Plant inspections on
           failure, filter vessels, corroded pipework)               hoses (M9 & M10), relief valves (M78), pipework (M75),
                                                                     filter vessels (M3); water removed at all opportunities         2 3 2 5    M
                                                                     (reduces risk of internal corrosion); limited use of threaded
                                                                     fittings; sources of ignition are controlled (hazardous area
                                                                     classification)
MAR 1aa    Depot fire from ignition of large Spills within a depot    Plant inspections on pipework (M75); water removed at all
           from recovery tank overfills or sampling valves left       opportunities (reduces risk of internal corrosion) and
           open resulting in a fire - although the initial fire may   pipework stainless steel; overfill protection on product
           be small it could affect the surrounding facilities.       recovery systems (GEN 49); limited use of threaded             2 3 2 5    M
                                                                      fittings; sources of ignition are controlled (hazardous area
                                                                      classification)




          29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                                 Page 42 of 55                                                              Review date
                                                                                                                                                 Rating
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                                                                                                                                                  Risk
                                                                                                                                       F L P I

MAR 1aaa Fire from ignition of large Spills within a depot from          Contruction standards of vehicles minimises roll over;
         vehicle overfill, vehicle rollover, vehicle collision           vehicles meet VEHC 10 (new build) or VEHC 21
                                                                         (existing/second hand); overfill protection (FB/2008/04);
                                                                         spring loaded valves on sampling systems; sources of
                                                                         ignition are controlled (hazardous area classification);     2 3 2 5     M
                                                                         Driver competence training and qualification including
                                                                         Smith's training; vehicle loading task breakdowns (including
                                                                         overfill protection)

MAR 2       Depot fire due to loss of containment of fixed storage Design standards; tank inspections (M76 & GEN 71);
            and ignition                                           secondary containment (e.g. bund); sources of ignition are
                                                                                                                                       2 3 2 5    M
                                                                   controlled (hazardous area classification)

MAR 3       Personal injury - Driving - Potential for fatalities         DSS requirements: Minimum vehicle recommendations;
            arising from on-road driving of road tankers through         vehicle maintenance; vehicle data recorder (tachograph);
            contractors (where controlled by Air BP directly).           seat belt; Driving License checks; Mobile phone and two
            Note excludes any short public road driving as part of       way communication restrictions; Journey risk management
            into plane service.                                          (High risk countries); GEN 225 Monitoring Activities;         2 3 2 5    M
                                                                         Tiredness training (Professional drivers); Defensive Driver
                                                                         Training (on-road)



MAR 4       Personal injuries - usually to single individual resulting   Enclosed fuelling system to minimise hydrocarbon
            from a high occupational exposure to hydrocarbons            exposure; regular maintenance to minimise any
            (e.g. constant exposure during fuelling at an airport)       spills/leaks; PPE policy to minimise health exposures (GEN
            or physical injury caused whilst travelling (e.g. back       330); procedures that minimise health exposures (GEN
            injury, disease)                                             555 Training Manual Task Breakdowns); R&M
                                                                         Occupational Health Department (Medical examination
                                                                         every two years for regular travellers, vaccinations, travel
                                                                         kits for regular travellers); Group Security provide regular
                                                                         updates of high risk countries via the intranet and email    2 3 2 4     M
                                                                         (e.g. travel guidelines, travel alerts); Group-wide ISOS
                                                                         agreement for the relocation of travelling employees in any
                                                                         emergency situation; Approved drivers/chauffeurs to escort
                                                                         travellers in high risk countries; R&M Health Travel and
                                                                         Group Security Travel intranet sites can be easily found
                                                                         and contain relevant information




          29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                                    Page 43 of 55                                                             Review date
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                                                                                                                                               Risk
                                                                                                                                    F L P I

MAR 5    Personal Injuries - usually to a single individual          PPE specifications (e.g. foot wear); Fall prevention
         resulting from a slip, trip or fall including from a        systems (e.g. hand rails, harnesses); Fall arrest systems
         working at height position. Injuries can range from         (e.g. personal harnesses elastic/breakaway); gantry access
         bruising, grazing to potential fatality from working at     to vehicle tops; anti-slip surfaces; plant signage and
         height. Note - This risk covers routine activities (non     markings; restricted access to working at heights positions;
         routine project engineering working at height issues        training to use of '3-points of contact'; emphasis on correct 3 5 3 4     M
         are addressed separately).                                  method to enter/exit a vehicle cab (training and decals);
                                                                     procedures for working in slippery conditions (e.g. de-icing
                                                                     fluid/icy conditions);

MAR 6    Personal injuries - usually to single individual resulting Use of appropriate equipment for lifting; labelling of
         from lifting/moving an object(s) using poor technique. equipment weight (e.g. valve chamber covers); manual
                                                                    handling procedures to ensure safe lifting operations (e.g.
                                                                    in Task Breakdowns; manual handling training (e.g.
                                                                    induction training on how to lift hoses, pit covers); lessons   2 3 2 2     L
                                                                    learnt on manual handling incidents (e.g. posters, one
                                                                    pagers, RCA reports) discussed in site safety meetings

MAR 7    Plane crash - PQ - Lack of FSII (in Jet) allows water       Design of additive injection equipment (MECH 150); regular
         to freeze resulting in fuel starvation and engine           calibration (Regs AD.7.7); annual testing of FSII quality to
         failure. Note for most military contracts Air BP are not    assess potential deterioration of FSII; additive storage
         required to inject FSII, this scenario reflects the         (Regs AD.4); volume verification of additive injection rate;
         occasional times that Air BP is contractually required      task breakdown for FSII injection; additivation using PRIST 2 4 2 5       M
         to inject FSII at point of delivery. An over-injection of   accountability of pilot/agent
         FSII is not considered a problem unless massive over
         injection occurs.

MAR 8    Plane crash - PQ - Delivery of Jet fuel to a spark      Selective fill port and spout/nozzle; grade selective
         ignition piston engine plane can lead to engine failure couplings for refuelling vehicles and offloading points;
         and plane crash.                                        grade dedicated trucks and markings; grade decals
                                                                 (storage, pipework, vehicles, aircraft); product quality
                                                                 checks (tank release, post vehicle loading); 'no decal no
                                                                 fuel' policy; Prevention of misfuelling (Regulations IP.6.6 -      3 5 3 5     H
                                                                 grade confirmation, wing decal check, Fuel Grade
                                                                 Verification Form); task breakdown (025); posters (Cobra -
                                                                 pilots, Six steps to prevent misfuelling' - operator)




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                                                                                                                                              Rating
Ref       Risk                                                       Safeguards                                                                        Proposed Actions   Comments




                                                                                                                                               Risk
                                                                                                                                    F L P I

MAR 9     Plane crash - PQ - Contaminated fuel delivered to          Filtration; routine inspections of filters (M3 & strainers);
          aircraft causes in-flight engine failure and crash.        design standards of tanks/pipework (e.g. linings, water
          Avgas contamination identified as a significant MAR        removal); tank product quality inspections (M24, M28 &
          risk (due to vulnerability of piston engine technology),   3/5/7 yearly cleaning); dedicated grade selective systems;
          but this scenario extended to include jet fuel             pressure vacuum vents prevent loss of light ends from
          contamination which is also a MAR risk (but                aboveground tanks; product quality control checks to
          considered to be well controlled and therefore less of     product specification (e.g. product traceability,            2 4 2 5      M
          a risk than Avgas contamination); this risk                density/contaminants/water/particulates checks and water
          assessment is based on the Avgas contamination risk        draining); periodic (every 6 months) testing of stored avgas
          only, although many of the controls are common
          between Avgas and Jet. Excludes water slugs which
          are considered separately.


MAR 10    Plane Crash - PQ - Delivery of a large volume of           Design of aviation storage tanks (i.e. sloping floor to sump,
          water which is sufficient to cause an engine failure       floating suction); vehicle design (e.g. sump to drain water);
          during flight either due to injection into the engine or   water removing filtration at Into-Plane; Sampling and
          ice formation. This water could be delivered through a     testing of presence of free water (tanks, vehicles,           2 3 2 5     M
          hydrant vehicle or a refueller.                            hydrants); product settling; hydrant dispenser free water
                                                                     checks before and after each refuelling

MAR 11    Pressurised fuelling vehicle hose end/ aircraft adaptor    Mechanical interlock on nozzle prevents nozzle removal
          parting from each other during fuelling leading to an      during fuel flow (SAE/AS 5877 & Technical Approvals);
          uncontained pressurised release of fuel, which then        double lock on swivel quick disconnect mechanism
          could be ignited potentially leading to multiple           reduces possibility of separation and product release;
          injuries/fatalities. [Industry standards have been         regular inspection check for hose (M9 & M10), nozzle and
          raised significantly after the Denver Fire incident.]      swivel quick disconnect coupling (M2 & M18); design of
                                                                     hoses (API EI 1529, BS EN 1361) and hose connections
                                                                     (Technical Approvals); vehicle design includes specific
                                                                     ignition reduction controls (e.g. shielding of hot engine
                                                                     parts, battery isolation switch and emergency engine stop,
                                                                     use of diesel engines); static electricity controls (bonding
                                                                     cables, semi-conductive hoses and tyres, anti static
                                                                     footwear)
                                                                                                                                    2 3 2 5    M




         29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                                 Page 45 of 55                                                              Review date
          injuries/fatalities. [Industry standards have been
          raised significantly after the Denver Fire incident.]




                                                                                                                                             Rating
Ref       Risk                                                     Safeguards                                                                         Proposed Actions   Comments




                                                                                                                                              Risk
                                                                                                                                   F L P I
                                                                                                                                   2 3 2 5    M
                                                                   Platforms are not moved during fuel flow; hoses hang
                                                                   perpendicularly and free from snags (JIG and Air BP
                                                                   Regulations); wear gauges to identify worn mating
                                                                   surfaces; regular visual observations of aircraft pressurised
                                                                   connections and hoses during fuelling to react quickly to
                                                                   any issues; Hazardous Area classification for fuelling
                                                                   operation; other ignition sources restricted (fuelling not
                                                                   permitted in presence of lightning or when
                                                                   vehicle/APU/GPU approaches within 6 metres, mobile
                                                                   phone and two way comms policy); Emergency Procedures
                                                                   specify risk reduction measures to prevent a fire if a spill
                                                                   occurs.


MAR 12    Fire resulting from the ignition of jet fuel released    Platforms are not moved during fuel flow; hoses hang
          under pressure from the failure of a component in the    perpendicularly and free from snags (JIG and Air BP
          hydrant pit valve to refuelling vehicle system e.g.      Regulations); wear gauges to identify worn mating
          hydrant pit valve, pit valve coupler, hoses, and         surfaces; regular visual observations of aircraft pressurised
          connections.                                             connections and hoses during fuelling to react quickly to
                                                                   any issues; Hazardous Area classification for fuelling
                                                                   operation; other ignition sources restricted (fuelling not    2 3 2 5      M
                                                                   permitted in presence of lightning or when
                                                                   vehicle/APU/GPU approaches within 6 metres, mobile
                                                                   phone and two way comms policy); Emergency Procedures
                                                                   specify risk reduction measures to prevent a fire if a spill
                                                                   occurs.


MAR 13    Plane Fire with multiple fatalities as a result of       Vehicle design to prevent collision (windscreen wipers and
          refuelling vehicle hitting plane wing or vehicle to      heaters, mirrors, lights, platform proximity sensor); vehicle
          vehicle collision releasing product which then ignites   design to prevent ignition (spark arrestors, diesel engines,
          and affects the aircraft                                 electrics, bonding, semi conductive tyres); fire
                                                                   extinguishers; Substance Abuse Policy; Airport Driving
                                                                   Rules; speed limits; Reversing Policy (guideman); Driving       1 4 1 5     L
                                                                   Safety Standard (DSS) Controls (vehicle approach, brake
                                                                   testing, maintaining a clear exit (IP 6.3.2 and 6.3.3));
                                                                   Airport Fire Service cover provided when passengers
                                                                   onboard; Airport Driver Training (e.g. Smith's)




         29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                                Page 46 of 55                                                              Review date
                                                                                                                                             Rating
Ref       Risk                                                       Safeguards                                                                       Proposed Actions   Comments




                                                                                                                                              Risk
                                                                                                                               F L P I

MAR 14    Fire resulting from ignition of wing vent spill from       Aircraft design to prevent wing vent spills (e.g. tank level
          pressurised refuelling of aircraft. Does not include       gauges, alarms, surge tanks, auto shutoff); ignition
          overwing refuellings. Generally, Air BP does not have      reduction controls on fuelling vehicles (but not on other
          control of the events leading to a wing vent spill, or     apron users); additional services (fuelling operator
          the control of ignition sources.                           manages aircraft fuelling panel) training; exclusion zones   1 4 1 5      L
                                                                     around wing vent areas (managed by others); Emergency
                                                                     Procedures specify risk reduction measures to prevent a
                                                                     fire if a spill occurs, especially emergency shutdown button

MAR 15    Crisis Management - Emergency response related to                                                                                                              Not relevant at site level
          Air BP operations. e.g. product quality incident at an
                                                                                                                                     #       ####
          international airport resulting in grounding of planes.

MAR 16    Security - Air BP facilities could be used by terrorists   Access control systems (gates, security guards); perimeter
          to gain access to airside at both large and small          protection (fences, barbed wire, limited entry points);
          airports. This would have a significant adverse public     monitoring systems (CCTV, thermal imaging, infra red
          reception of Air BP and BP. The major risk is              beams, dog patrols); Strict controls over airside pass issue;
          considered to be reputational. Note that the main          visitors book; vetting of staff pre-employment; visible site
          examples are using Air BP depot to access airside on       passes; BP Group Security alert levels and requirements       1 5 1 5     L
          a one off basis and using a 'sleeper' member of the
          work force to commit a terrorist act either directly or
          part of a larger conspiracy.

MAR 17    HSE Legislation - non compliance. Air BP may not           Compliance Management System; legislation updates
          be complying with local legislation which could result     received from country management
                                                                                                                               2 3 2 3        M
          in the termination of the licence to operate with
          potentional reputational exposure
MAR 18    Fire/Spill - Loss of containment from an Air BP owned      Design standards of cross country pipelines (BS 8010, EN
          or operated pipeline leading to an environmental           14161, ASME B31.4, PD 8010); Pipeline Integrity
          incident or fire                                           Management System (GEN 72); over-pressure protection
                                                                     systems; cathodic protection systems; wayleave           2 3 2 5         M
                                                                     management; pipeline specific operating procedures; CoW
                                                                     adjacent to pipelines; Marker posts

MAR 19    Personal Injuries - This risk covers the risk from non     Global Control of Work process on Air BP sites (GEN 3 &
          routine activities and focuses primarly on serious         GEN 12) - method of working selected to minimise risk;
          personal injuries, but also includes spills, fires and     selection and management of competent contractors (GEN 3 4 3 4           M
          equipment damage.                                          315); Site Safe Working Practices (GEN 51)




         29d98939-0ccb-4424-ae4f-24832cbafc02.xls                                               Page 47 of 55                                                                  Review date
TASK RISK ASSESSMENT (RIFL 5x5)
Frequency
     Score        Descriptor
       5          Continuous

       4          Frequent

       3          Infrequent

       2          Rare

       1          Very Rare




Likelihood
Likelihood is the chance of an incident occurring (GIVEN CURRENT CONTROLS BEING APPLIED)
     Score                 Descriptor
        5        Almost certain

       4          Quite possible

       3          Unusual but possible
       2          Remote possible

       1          Practically impossible




Impact
Impact is the severity of an incident. It is usually the "most probable worst case" scenario

   Category                 Human injury

5. Disaster       Multiple fatality


4. Very serious Fatality

                  Serious injury (permanent
3. Serious        disability, amputation )
                  Disabling injury ( medical
2. Substantial    treatment )
                  First aid treatment - minor cuts
1. Minor
                  bruises or burns
SSESSMENT (RIFL 5x5)
              RO - Routine Operations NRA Non- Routine Operations
                                                                                                              Stage 1,
                                              Description                                               (Freq x Likelihood)
              RO- Occurs many times each day
              NRA - Task in which impact is continually possible ( tank cleaning )
              RO - Occurs approximately once each day
              NRA - Task in which impact often possible ( lifting )
              RO - Occurs between once per month and once per year
              NRA - Task in which impact possible occasionally (line opening)
              RO - Occurs rarely , but has been known to occur
              NRA - Task which requires doing only a few times in the plan
              RO - Not known to have occurred
              NRA - Tasks undertaken as a "one off" activity (e.g erecting sign)
                                                                                                                 Probability
                                                                                                                    Frequency x
                                                                                                                     Likelihood
                                                                                                                        0 to 5
dent occurring (GIVEN CURRENT CONTROLS BEING APPLIED)                                                                  6 to 10
                                  Description                                                                         11 to 15
              The most likely and expected result if the hazard takes place                                           16 to 20
              Quite possible, would not be unusual, even 50/50 change if hazard event
                                                                                                                         21 to 25
              takes place
              Unusual but possible sequence or coincidence
              Unlikely event, but cannot be ruled out
              Practically impossible, has never happened before, considered extremely
              unlikely




t is usually the "most probable worst case" scenario
                                                                                                                  Environmental
                                            Financial cost                                       Work
                                                                                                                     damage
                                                                                        Major disruption to
              Significant financial loss ( $1 to $5m )                                                           Major
                                                                                        operations
                                                                                        Significant production
              Significant financial loss ( $ 500.000 to $ 1m )                                                   Significant
                                                                                        disruption
                                                                                        Notable production
                                                                                                                 Serious
              Substantional financial loss ( $ 50.000 to $ 500.000 )                    disruption
                                                                                        Slight production
                                                                                                                 Minor
              Notable Financial loss ( $ 5.000 to $ 50.000 )                            disruption

                                                                                        No effect on work        Negligible
              Negligible financial loss ( up to $ 5.000 )
         Stage 2,
    (= probability rating)

                                              Stage 3,
                                     (= matrix of Probability
                                         and Impact)
Probability
    1
    2                                                                    Stage 4,
    3                                                           (= Hi / Med / Low risk rating)
    4
    5                            Rating
                             L        Low
                             M       Medium
                             H        High


                        RISK PROFILE
                                                                PROBABILITY
                                                   1            2          3          4          5

                             I            5        L            M          H         H           H

                             M            4        L            M         M          H           H
                             P
                                          3        L            M         M          M           H
                             A
                             C            2        L            L         M          M           M

                             T            1        L            L          L          L          L




              This risk assessment process shall be applied to each individual risk identified as follows:
               Risks in the ‘Intolerable’ region must be reduced to ALARP or lower
 Risks in the ‘ALARP’ region shall be mitigated to move them towards the ’Tolerable’
area. A risk is considered ‘ALARP’ provided it has been reduced to the point where the
benefit gained by further risk reduction is outweighed by the cost of achieving it and that
generally accepted standards have been applied to the control of the risk.
 Risks in the ’Tolerable’ region may be accepted, but efforts should still be made to
reduce or eliminate them if possible
entified as follows:
 s the ’Tolerable’
  point where the
hieving it and that
sk.
still be made to

				
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