THE ARTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT ISSUE
OF THE U TA H S O C I E T Y FOR E N V I R O N M E N TA L E D U C AT I O N Volume 8, Number 4 •
Article and sketches by Angela Dean
With summer here, many of us will be lines to get you started, but encourage you
outdoors hiking, boating, picnicking, gar- to ﬁnd the techniques that suit you the best.
dening, or just hanging out. It is often difﬁ-
cult to look back on a season and remember
all of the sights and sounds that we’ve
REPRESENT A T I ONA L
DRA WI NG
experienced with great detail. Sketching, Representational drawing can effective-
along with journaling, can be an effective ly record our observations for ourselves
way to place these events in memory, and and others to study. While the goal of rep-
also a fun way to develop talents you may resentational drawing is to document factu-
not have known you possessed. This sum- al information, what we know and have describe characteristics such as smell,
mer try to take time out as you enjoy the experienced determines our interpretation. color, texture, place, or anything which
A note from the Editor:
outdoors to document some of those mem- Therefore individual’s view of the same helps to recall the experience later on. School is out and we’re all adjusting to
ories. scene will be unique. For educators, stu- the fun adventures of summer! For many
I DENT I FYI NG SHA PES
dents artwork can reveal their understand- Web readers summer means a whole new
Many of us who are intimidated by ing of information the teacher is trying to When we look out to our environment set of circumstances with the warm weath-
drawing, state that it was not our born “tal- convey. As the drawing emerges on paper, we may at ﬁrst see chaotic shapes and ran- er and our wonderful little Betsy and
ent”. Yet drawing is not merely a magical it reveals what we have seen & how we per- domness. When we look closely, though, Billy’s out of school for the summer. We
movement from our hands. It is a repre- ceived it. Sometimes, though, what we we ﬁnd a succession of interconnected geo- thought this would be a great opportunity
sentation of the way we see and understand, know can hurt us. We may know the con- metric organizations. Rather than try to for anyone young at heart to explore nature
one type of self expression, such as writing ﬁguration of leaves on a tree at a distance, understand an entire scene, look for recog- through art and art through nature. We
or speech. Some other barriers people face yet, even if we don’t actually “see” it, we nizable shapes that make up the whole pic- have drawn upon several local experts to
are not wanting to ‘mess up’ that perfect may try to represent an unnecessary level ture. It is the relationships of these shapes prepare for us a feast through which our
white page by making a mistake, and the of detail based on our knowledge. that make sense to us and help us to gain an appetites will remain satisfied at least
unknown of what the ﬁnal outcome will understanding. through September. I am very excited
even look like. This unknown makes We often use photography to document
An object’s setting, as well as its rela- about this issue and the activities I can
sketching part of the adventure and may our experiences. While this can be quick
tionships to other objects, can inﬂuence draw from and use to nurture my own chil-
teach us more about ourselves and our sur- and effective, drawing offers a variety of
how we perceive size, shape, color, and dren’s balance in life this summer. Enjoy
roundings. unique beneﬁts. Drawing allows us to be
texture. If I draw an outline of a rock it moving, drawing, snapping, creating, writ-
selective in our viewpoints, isolate infor-
How you chose to utilize sketching in may be perceived as a pond, a pebble, or a ing, and storytelling to your heart’s con-
mation from irrelevant context and focus
your outdoor experience will be an individ- tent!
attention on speciﬁc features or qualities. It
ual thing. I offer some basic tips and guide- is also useful to add notation to drawings to continued on page 11 • • • • • • •
Table of Contents Articles:
USEE NEWS . . . . . . . . . . 2 Salt Lake City, UT
Naturalist’s Notebook . . 1 Permit No. 6274
STAFF COLUMN . . . . . . . 2
Storytelling . . . . . . . . . . 4 USEE
UTAH NEWS . . . . . . . . . . 3 350 S 400 E #G4
Poetry for Children . . . . 5
NATIONAL NEWS . . . . . . . 4 SLC, UT 84111
Movement . . . . . . . . . . . 5
CALENDAR . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7 Nature Crafts . . . . . . . . 8
Science and Writing . . . 9
Outdoor Photography . . 10
THE WEB USEE NEWS: continued on page 9 • • • • • • •
AmeriCorps Members Finish Service Jordan River
How time ﬂies. It seems only yesterday that Christy showed up to work and was
The Utah Society for promptly assigned to organize a Community Night Out on the River Event. “When?” she
Environmental Education is a asked. “Oh, next week” and thus was thrown into the ﬁre. This has been a great year for the
nonprofit organization which Jordan River Stewardship Project.
provides environmental edu- About a month later Laura appeared, just in time for USEE’s annual conference. This Schools and Communities alike have
cation support to e d u c a t o r s, time, with the beneﬁt of experience, we were able to warn her about being thrown into the
natural resource made great strides in learning more
ﬁre. Before the words had time to sink in she was responsible for exhibits, food and vol-
i n t e r e s t s , e n v i r o n m e n t a l o r g a- about the river and addressing environ-
n i z a t i o n s , a n d b u s i n e s s and unteers. “When’s the conference?” Laura asked. “Ah, that would be next week.”
mental issues in their area. A great
i n d u s t r y. round of applause should be issued to
And so it goes here at USEE, where there is always much to do and a ﬁre is always
U S E E ’s mission is to develop blazing somewhere on the horizon. Christy and Laura provided USEE with much needed all of those who put forth the time and
p u b l i c a w a r e n e s s and knowl- help. Not only did they put in their time, more than eighty hours per week, they also energy to make so many projects suc-
edge about the environment and became part of a team providing insight and ideas that will have lasting impacts on the cessful!
to provide the public with the
skills n e e d e d t o m a k e i n f o r m e d organization. Ultimately, Christy and Laura made USEE a better organization and we will
miss them. The list of accomplishments is long,
d e c i s i o n s , to s o l v e p r o b l e m s
and to take responsible actions. but here are a few examples:
But not too much. Christy is staying on as USEE’s Summer Intern and then as a part-
The Web is p u b l i s h e d six time employee next year if a couple of grants are funded. And although Laura is leaving Edison Elementary Extended-Day
t i m e s a y e a r f o r m e m b e r s by the nest, we know where she lives and will be calling her on short notice for help at least students planted native Utah plants,
the Utah Society for and built nesting boxes and bird feed-
Environmental Education, monthly.
350 South 400 East #G4, ers in their efforts to make their school-
S L C , U T , 8 4 1 1 1 . We d i s - yard more inviting to wildlife.
t i b u t e 2000 c o p i e s for our
readers and many schools The 1 7 0 0 hour ex per i ence High School Students from
share this publication among Horizonte Instruction and Training
educators. Bulk mail permit Center conducted Home Energy
number 6274. Membership
i n f o r m a t i o n c a n be f o u n d on
Laura’s view Christy’s view Audits and installed energy-saving
page 12. My experience at USEE has been quite Although my tenure at USEE is not devices in the homes of low-income
enjoyable and my ﬁrst opportunity to work over, the ﬁrst phase as an Americorps mem- and elderly residents in their communi-
for a non-proﬁt organization. The main ber and School Outreach Coordinator are ty. This project will serve as a model
project for my position was the Jordan coming to an end. It’s funny to think back for a larger,valley-wide program in the
River Stewardship Project. This experi- on some of the things that have happened future.
Executive Director along the way, and it’s great to count the
Tim Brown ence allowed me to work with schools and Six communities have celebrated a
communities along the Jordan River. At ways I’ve grown by being in this position.
morning or evening out on the river
Program Coordinator ﬁrst I was a little concerned with how I In the big picture, I have a much greater since October, and many more are
Michelle Kirk would be welcomed by the communities, understanding of Environmental planned for the future.
considering that I was brand new to Utah. Education, particularly in Utah. I’ve had a
Summer Intern But that concern vanished once I meet and glimpse of where it started and now I can Fifth grade students at Jackson
Christy Soper started working with some great, dedicat- see many of the possibilities for the future. Elementary have planted trees and
ed people from the communities along the It’s exciting and rewarding to work toward shrubs, removed weeds and trash, and
Newsletter Editor river. Some of the things I learned from many of these possibilities. made trail improvement along their
Julie DeLong this project are the history of the Jordan adopted section of the Jordan River.
On another level, it’s fantastic to work
River and what makes it what it is today,
for an organization that is growing and Newman and Backman Elementary
Layout & Design how people look at and feel about the
moving in so many positive directions. It’s Schools’ third graders created field
Angela Dean river, and what projects are being done by
very encouraging to work with folks that guides and led nature walks along their
those who want to do something about this
are dedicated to making the most of educa- section of the River.
resource that ﬂows through their backyard. tion. I’m happy that these same folks have
become such great friends too. Thanks One community, along with USEE
I also had the chance to do outreach
USEE Board of Directors: guys! and several agencies, has created the
with schools along the Jordan River and
Riverside Neighborhood Garden at
schools throughout the valley. The out- In working on the Jordan River
Carolyn Goodwin Schubach, President, SLC 500-700 South and the Jordan River.
reach gave me the opportunity to help Stewardship Project, I’ve also had the
Alex Mazurkewycz, Secretary, Sandy teachers incorporate Environmental opportunity to meet many different kinds of Riley Elementary Fifth and sixth
Education into their classrooms, to learn educators. The classroom teachers that each graders designed their “ideal” commu-
Bill Walpole, Treasurer, SLC
from the students about their concerns and have their own method conveying informa- nities — communities that conserve
Linda McCaffrey, Member At Large, knowledge of the environment, and to edu- tion and caring for their students, the par- natural resources, minimize pollution
Holladay cate the students about these concerns so ents who work hard to share their ideas and waste, and include components of
that they have a better understanding. about the world to their children, and the the Salt Lake community that students
Leslie Scopes, Member At Large, Sandy
Aside from all of these things that I’ve student who always reward me with their enjoy.
Brad Mertz, Member At Large, Provo learned I also had the chance to put togeth- own unique twist on why things are — they
er my first newsletter, “The Parkway all have so much to share. In as much as I The successes of these projects
Tony Magann, Member At Large, SLC News,” I organized USEE’s big Earth Day have been an educator, I have also had the demonstrate the power of local citi-
event, developed my public speaking opportunity to be a student. zens, young and old. We hope that
skills, increased my computer knowledge, they inspire you to become active in
My experience at USEE has deﬁnitely your community.
THE WEB IS PRINTED WITH and had the opportunity to do bulk mail. been a learning one, and I look forward to
SOY-BASED INK ON the new adventures that lie ahead.
THE WEB - PAGE TWO
UTAH NEWS: continued on page 12 • • • • • • •
S P E CI A L E VE N T EPA announces recipients of
Joseph Cor nel l r et ur ns 1998-99 Environmental
t o conduct educat or w or kshops Education Grants
Legendary educator Joseph Cornell returns to Utah to lead 2 one day workshops July 30 and August 1. Mr.
Hats off to four Utah groups that received grants from
Cornell, author of Sharing Nature with Children, is recognized throughout the world as one of the premiere outdoor
EPA’s Environmental Education Grant Program. Ron
educators. On July 30, a one day workshop will be held in Diamond Fork Canyon, Uinta National Forest (30 min-
Hellstern and the Cache School District received a $5000
utes south of Provo) and on August 1 a one day workshop will be held along the Jordan River between 300 South
grant for the Leopold Education Project (LEP). The LEP
and 1100 South. Diamond Fork Canyon is the site for a new Youth Forest, an area being set aside for youth to inves-
is an innovative, interdisciplinary conservation ethics cur-
tigate, study and take part in the day-to-day management of a working national forest.
riculum targeted for grades 6-12. The LEP increases stu-
The hands-on workshops will help educators learn about the environment, the Flow Learning Process, how to dent awareness of the land, and informs them of how to
teach about the environment and how to lead groups. Discussions will help people learn how to apply activities to make responsible choices for our planet, while simultane-
their teaching circumstances. ously teaching important social, collaborative and critical
thinking skills. The LEP is unique in that it uses a classic
The workshops are for people who teach others about the environment. Parents, high school students, teachers environmental literary work, Aldo Leopold’s A Sand
and youth group leaders are invited. Each workshop will cost $40 for USEE members and $45 for non-members. County Almanac to reach students with a conservation
Participants will need to bring their own lunches. Registration is limited. For more information contact USEE at ethics message that strives to instill an appreciation for the
email@example.com or 801-328-1549. land community. A Facilitator Training Workshop will be
held in Logan Canyon August 3-5, see the Calendar for
more information (pages 8 & 9).
USEE received a $25,000 grant to create a volunteer
Project L.A.B. A.L.I.V.E. to offer summer workshops two-person team of environmental education (EE) experts
in each of Utah’s 40 school districts. Members of each
Project L.A.B. A.L.I.V.E. (Learning About Balance Information, Nature’s Gifts. team will receive EE information and materials to improve
while Actively Learning In Various Environments) is Art/Painting/Sketching/Sculpturing and Dance. their knowledge and understanding of EE. They will also
offering a series of summer workshops beginning in early be encouraged to attend trainings, workshops and confer-
The focus of L.A.B. A.L.I.V.E. is to educate the youth of
June and continuing through September. Workshops ences. Ultimately these teams will become known as local
Utah by creating real life opportunities while learning how
include: Pathway Planning, Plant EE experts and teachers in school districts throughout the
to make responsible choices in balancing human actions
Identiﬁcation/Selection/Site Design, Star Gazing, Green state will seek their help when it comes to incorporating
Grow - Solution to Pollution, Photography, Drum Talk/en- EE into the school curriculum. If you are interested in
Chant-ment, Literature/Creative Writing/Poetry/Journal For more information contact Bob Yerzy at 801-944- serving as a team member, contact USEE at
Writing, Drama/Music, Soil/Water Testing for Base 2953. firstname.lastname@example.org or 801-328-1549.
Congratulations are also in order for Dugway
Elementary and Utah Forestry, Fire, and State Lands.
Dugway Elementary received a grant for a project to grow
Visit Sundance Farms and maintain a Great Basin Desert habitat garden area at
Interested in organic farming? Intrigued by drip irrigation? You can learn about both of these farming tech- their school and Utah Forestry, Fire, and State Lands
niques by visiting Sundance Farms in Charleston, Utah. Individuals can use a self-guided brochure to browse the received a $5000 grant to support Project Learning Tree,
farms, while groups can be guided for a small fee and with advanced notice. an interdisciplinary environmental education program
which provides workshops and activity guides.
To learn more about Sundance Farms, contact email@example.com or call 435-654-2721.
The Utah Population and Environment Coalition is a The individual will be required to furnish their own Need to get rid of household
recently organized effort with the following mission: To transportation and phone, have access to a computer in
raise awareness of the consequences for the quality of life order to compile data bases and should have an email hazardous waste?
and the environment resulting from current rates of popu- address for communication purposes. Other attributes that
lation growth and consumption of resources. would be helpful are fund raising skills and ability to coor-
dinate a web-site. The wage will be $16 per hour for 15 Salt Lake County will collect hazardous household
The coalition is hiring a Coordinator to assist with its waste August 15 from 9:00 am - Noon at the Sandy City
hours per month for at least one year along with expanding
activities. The following will be the job responsibilities of Public Works Department, 8775 South 700 West.
the job requirements and hours worked.
this individual: Residents may bring paint, fuel, persticides, chemicals,
1. Work with coalition members to help further the mis- oils, antifreeze and batteries for disposal at no charge. If
sion of the coalition. If you are interested in this position, please send you can’t wait until August, the county has a drop off
2. Provide information to the public and news media resumes to: Wayne Martinson, Utah Population and location at the Salt Lake Valley Solid Waste Facility, 6030
regarding forums and other activities. Environment Coalition, 549 Cortez St., SLC, UT 84103 by W. 1300 S., opened Mon. -Sat. from 8:00 am-4:00 pm.
3. To speak in front of a wide array of audiences regard- July 15, 1998.
ing population and resource issues.
4. Compile computer data bases for mailing labels and
mailing materials to coalition participants.
THE WEB - PAGE THREE
National EE Act under ﬁre from
Far-right Call In Campaign NAAEE’s 27th Annual
In the last issue of The Web, USEE Inhofe (R-Oklahoma). A number of far-
included information on the important
reauthorization of the National
right organizations have posted an action
alert to get their members to call into
From the Inside OUT
Environmental Education Act coming up Senator Inhofe’s ofﬁce opposing this legis-
in Congress this year (March 1998). In the lation. They are getting calls opposing the
interim, USEE staff received information legislation, with no calls for it. The time is The urban setting is the emphasis of the North American Association for
that may affect environmental education now to show Congress the tremendous sup- Environmental Education’s (NAAEE) 27th Annual conference September 4-8 in
around the country and especially here in port which is out there for environmental Atlanta, Georgia. The conference is designed to provide participants many oppor-
Utah. A conservative Washington DC education. We need people to call or write tunities to explore the interdependence between human and natural ecosystems.
think tank has targeted the National EE Act in, advocating the introduction of the Education and networking opportunities will be unparalleled. Keynote speakers
as legislation that must be stopped. National Environmental Education Act. will discuss Grassroots Challenges for Environmental Strategies in Urban
Despite strong bi-partisan support and Please act now by contacting your local Settings, Reforming Education in Our Cities, and Eco-Education in Urban
sponsorship of the Act, this group has legislators. The National EE Act has been Communities. The conference will also offer a variety of workshops, ﬁeld trips,
decided the Act must go. We are just days directly responsible for support of so many symposia, hands-on sessions, presentations, interact discussions and poster ses-
from introduction of the National quality environmental education projects in sions. For more information check out NAAEE’s web site at www.naaee.org, or
Environmental Education Act in the Utah and is essential for its future. contact Janet Thoreen at firstname.lastname@example.org or 937-676-2514.
Senate. As you are aware, the legislation
in the Senate will be introduced by Senator
St oryt elling : Paint ing environment s
Using storytelling in environmental education is logi- Each one of us brings our own experience to it. 3. Recreate with words an environment you know.
cal and natural. It is in interpreting our world that stories Include your feelings about this p l a c e .
Learning to tell a story takes a little time. A few warm
are born. Stories provide hooks for learning and avenues Make your description so rich that it seems tangible. Use
ups you might enjoy are:
for solid understanding. They provide a landscape for all of your senses.
communication. The imagination is a powerful tool. 1. Tell family stories to your children. They want to hear
Stories give us an opportunity to exercise it. Our envi- For instance, there is something incomparable for me
ronment sculpts our stories and language carries the sto- in noticing springtime mountain air mingling lilacs in
ries we learn. Storyteller and author, Jane Yolen, looked 2. Pretend to be an object in your home. Tell its story bloom with cedar smoke in the evening.
at a bathtub ring and a child’s lack of interest in bathing from its own perspective.
When you are comfortable creating images with
and coined the phrase “kid tea” in her story, No Bath Anthropomorphize shamelessly. words from your heart, choose a story you love. You will
Tonight. Her delightful image lets imagination soar. not memorize it; you will learn it by heart. There is a dif-
1. Read it several times, imagining it as if it were on
a theater screen. See the images as they unfold.
2. Decide which few scenes are most elemental to
3. Consider transitions.
4.Paint with words the pictures you see in your mind.
5. Tell it, tell it, tell it loud! Your learning style will
dictate whether you sing it, draw it, or dance while
you’re learning it. The shower is a good practice hall.
6. Find your moment, and tell it to living, listening
ears. My experience is that people who hear
stories regularly are better listeners and have a stronger
command of language.
NAAEE AD 7. If you forget something germane to your story sim-
ply summon your wisest voice, let your eyes reﬂect the
great secret you are about to share, and say, “And did I
continued on page 12 • • • • • • • • • • • • •
THE WEB - PAGE FOUR
Teaching Children to Write M AR K Y OUR
CA LE ND ARS !
Children are natural poets. As parents, we all have
examples of delicious little ways our children express
the latest creation over the phone. A parent returning from
work can be greeted with a few fun lines from the poetry
themselves. Children’s creative use of language delights
and amuses us. The trick is to nurture this natural gift and
to preserve it beyond the “let’s call grandma and tell her
what she/he said” stage.
Step ﬁve: enjoy. The writings in your child’s poetry
notebook will be a treasure to be cherished this summer and
the summers to follow. Have fun!
From birth to age eight children are developing commu-
nication skills at an amazing rate. Sometime between the
second and third grade they start developing the ability to UTAH’S ENVIRON-
grasp abstract concepts. One way this is done is by com-
paring and contrasting things they know about with things MENT 2000 AND
they are learning about. The cue to this is the number of
questions that begin “will it be like ∑” or “is it different BEYOND
(bigger, colder, scarier, longer, etc.) than ∑”. These kinds
of questions are a good sign that the poetic/creative part of
the mind is up and ready to go. So, with a little bit of help
from a parent, the process begins. begin MOVEMENT ARTICLE
Step one: the place. The ﬁrst thing is to ignite the child’s
interest in this project. Ask them to select a place to be des-
ignated as their very own. It can be outside in the garden or
on the porch, a corner of the kitchen table, a sunny spot by
a window, etc. Hopefully, it won’t be the only bathroom in
the house or a spot already claimed by the family pit bull.
This is a special place for your child to write, think, and
observe the world surrounding her/him. Under a tree is a
great place, as there are so many things to see, such as;
leaves, birds, insects, blossoms, shade, etc. However, each
place has it’s own attributes. The important thing is that the
child chooses the place as their own.
Step two: the kit. A small duffel, shoe box, tote bag, or
backpack should do the job. Inside, a small notebook with
your child’s name, two ballpoint pens, a set of markers, or
crayons completes the kit. You can use pencils, but erasing
and sharpening are distracting. Tell the young poet that
writers often cross out words and rewrite them. It’s part of
the process. Also to keep it fun, forget rhyming. It’s a giant
obstacle to the creative ﬂow in children. And this is one
time not to worry about spelling. You don’t want to inter-
rupt the spontaneous energy of your child’s thoughts.
Step three: the poem. With children, the most difﬁcult
part of writing is deciding what to write about. Ask, “What
shall we write about today?”
One way to start is with a two-word beginning that puts
the child in the poem. Begin each line with the same two
words. It gives the poem unity and structure while provid-
ing a canvas for the child’s thoughts. Some suggestions are:
I wish, I dream, I think, I hope, I wonder, Where does,
What if, My cat, My house, My teacher, My brother, etc.
I wish my house were big as the sky
I wish my sister would give me her skates
I wish that I could drive the car
I wish that I could ﬂy
That’s what I wish on Tuesday
Another thing to remember is that children are happier
pretending to be a bird, than they are describing one. So,
instead of writing “a robin is like∑.” Begin the poem, “I am
a robin ∑”
Step four: encouragement. Once the poem is ﬁnished,
encourage your young poet to call grandparents and read
THE WEB - PAGE FIVE
Calendar submissions can be made Garden Get-Together - Topic: Day Camp for 7-9 year olds - nomical telescopes set up for safe
a n y t i m e u n t i l t h e 1 0 t h of the Water Wisely. Leader: Wes Kids will explore a variety of artis- viewing of the sun, and occasional-
m o n t h p r i o r to p u b l i c a t i o n . We
invite environmental education Groesbeck, Environmental tic mediums such as watercolor, ly the moon, planets and brighter
submissions that are of interest to Resources, Inc., SLC. Location: sculpture, sketching, papier-mache stars. Location: Garden Courtyard
your fellow educators and/or their Classroom, Cottam Visitor Center and writing. Using the outdoors as at RBG. Time: 11:00 a.m. - 1:00
a u d i e n c e s , will h a p p e n w i t h i n the
next six m o n t h s , and are open to or, weather permitting, the Herb a classroom, we will combine art p.m. Call (801) 532-STAR.
persons outside of your own or ga- Garden, RBG&A 300 Wakara Way. and nature in a unique and natural
n i z a t i o n . I n c l u d e the e v e n t na m e , Time: 12:00 - 1:30 p.m. Phone partnership. Time: 9am - 2:30pm. July 20 - 22: Utah Birds of Prey
location, description, cost, or gani-
z a t i o n , c o n t a c t p e r s o n , and phone 581-8936. Bring your lunch, we’ll Call: 621-7595. & Songbird Workshop - Lab and
n u m b e r. provide the beverage. ﬁeld trips to help learn how to iden-
July 13 - 17: WSU’s Introduction tify various Utah birds by sight and
July 9 - 11: TSS Teacher to Utah’s Mountain and Desert sound, mist netting, trapping &
Key to Common EE Groups Workshops & Adult Programs - Plants - An inservice workshop for banding, etc. Then apply this
listed in Calendar Instructors: Steve Archibald, April 4 - 12th grade teachers. You’ll see knowledge to set up monitoring
Landale, Nancy Shea. The Young how the ﬂora changes as we pass feeders at home or school. Leaders:
RBG&A - Red Butte Garden and Naturalist’s Journal - Connecting through different life zones and ﬁnd Steve Hoffman of HawkWatch
Arboretuem student writing and drawing with and identify many of Utah’s plants. International and Ron Hellstern for
ONC - Ogden Nature Center the natural world. Call Judy at TSS You’ll learn the art of preserving Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Call
UMNH - Utah Museum of (307)733-4765. plants and how to use a “key” to Ron Hellstern 753-8750.
Natural History identify them, plus much more.
GSLA - Great Salt Lake Audubon July 10 - 12: Advanced Project Location: Snow College’s Great July 21 - August 7: TSS Teacher
FOGSL - Friends of the Great WILD Wetlands Workshop - Basin EE Center. Call 435-283- Workshops & Adult Programs -
Salt Lake Become a wetlands 7261 or e-mail Instructors: Steve Archibald, April
TSS - Teton Science School biologist for a weekend as we col- email@example.com or call Landale, Nancy Shea. Following
lect data and learn about these Richard Vineyard @ WSU 801- the Scientiﬁc Trail of Lewis &
UNSS -Utah Nature Study Society
amazing natural features. 626-6160. Clark - 1998 Special
Participants will receive a copy of Program/Second Annual
JULY the “Wonders of Wetlands” curricu-
lum, and will discover many amaz-
ing teaching strategies for incorpo-
July 14 - 17: UMNH -
Conservation Genetics - Join the
Natural History of Genes program
Expedition; 2 1/2 weeks as an
expedition member! Fee $2195 -
Includes instruction, transportation,
July - August 22: Sundance Kids rating wetland education into their and the FOGSL for a ﬁeld experi- motels, camping fees and meals,
Camp - Come spend time this sum- curriculum. Location: Fish Springs ence in conservation genetics which and texts. Call Judy at TSS
mer on a bug safari, be an artist, National Wildlife Refuge. Time: focuses on the need for diversity in (307)733-4765.
hike to a waterfall, be in a play, TBA. Contact: Project WILD @ a healthy environment. Two days
hunt for treasure, learn about 538-4719. are spent on Antelope Island and July 23 - 25: Keepers of the
nature, hear the legends of Farmington Bay Waterfowl refuge Earth Kids Camp - Discovery of
Timpanogos and much more, all in July 11: GSLA - 61st Annual and two days are spent analyzing Nature activities at the USU
the great outdoors. Sundance will Brighton Bird Count. Meet at the samples at the UMNH. Time: 9am- Forestry Field Camp in Logan
be offering 1 day, 3 day and 6 day Sugarhouse Garden Center at 4pm. Contact: Kirsti Krejs @ 581- Canyon. Canoeing, wildﬂower &
camps for youth ages 6-11. For 8:00am. For more information 4887. bird identiﬁcation, hiking, journal-
more information call Sundance at about this event or other GSLA ing, night skies, etc. based upon
801-223-4140. events call 263-1399. July 18: Celebrate Art at The Native American themes. Designed
Children’s Museum of Utah - for 5th-6th grades. Call Ron
July 1, 8, 15, & 22: RBG&A - July 13 - 16: That Darn Coyote! - Help make a giant gumball mural, Hellstern 753-8750.
Herb Gardens for Beginners - Join naturalist Brenda Bell for meet real artists, make things to
This class covers the history of another round of Native American take home. Location: 840 N. 300 July 27 - 30: All About Animals!
herbs, culinary, decorative and Stories about Old Man Coyote, the W. SLC. Time: 1-5pm. Call: 328- - Join Naturalist Brenda Bell, from
medicinal uses, soaps, dyes, cos- Trickster, followed by a craft or 3383. Museum Summer Exhibits - Decker Lake and Wildlife
metics, and potpourris. activity. For younger audiences. May 30 to Sept 13 - Dinostories - Programs, at the Children’s
Wednesdays, 6:00 p.m - 8:00 p.m. Time: 10-11am. Call Kearns games, dinosaur nest, puzzles, fossil Museum to learn about a variety of
Members: $40/Non-Members: $45. Community School @ 964-7512. dig. July - Bubble Exhibit - Make animals. Each day we will focus on
Phone 581-8936. giant bubbles, stand inside a bub - a different group, looking at mam-
July 13 - 17: TSS Teacher ble, make a bubble wall. August - mals, birds, reptiles and amphib-
July 6 - 10: ONC Summer Camp Workshops & Adult Programs - Size Wise - A new exhibit on the ians. We will learn about where
- Nature Quest - Day Camp w/ Instructors: Steve Archibald, April large and small of things. they come from, how they live,
Sleep Out for 10-12 year olds - Landale, Nancy Shea. New what kind of habitat they call home,
Science Sampler - Animal adapta- Beginnings: Teacher Renewal what they eat, and about their life
tions, skulls & bones, maps,& sto- Retreat - Time out to get inspired, July 18: RBG&A - Star Party - histories. For grades 1-3. Time: 1-
ries in the sky will be the topics. renewed and rejuvenated for next Join us for a daytime peek at our 3pm. Call Brenda @ 957-0608.
July 6-8, 9am-2:30pm & July 9 year! Call Judy at TSS (307)733- nearest star — the Sun. This Star
noon-July 10, 9am.Call: 621-7595. 4765. Party — co-sponsored by Salt Lake July 27 - 30: Nature Drawing -
July 9: RBG&A - Thursday Astronomical Society and Hansen Join Naturalist Brenda Bell, to learn
July 13 - 17: ONC - Nature Arts Planetarium — will feature astro- about sketching animals and
THE WEB - PAGE SIX
wildlife. We will sketch mounted August 10 - 12: UNHM - Decker Lake. We will look at
animals and live animals. Students August 3 - 7: ONC - Nature Trek Ethnobotany of the Escalante - slides, museum dioramas, and have
need to bring a sketch pad, sketch- II - Day Camp with Sleep Out for This workshop at Anasazi State several activities to learn about
ing pencils, and a kneadable eraser 7-9 year olds - Science Sampler - Park provides participants with the wetland wildlife. Location:
to every class. Location: Museum Campers will be immersed in 3 1/2 experience of assembling a small Museum of Natural History. Time:
of Natural History. Time: 9:30 - days and one night of active learn- but valuable plant collection as well 12-2pm. Contact Brenda Bell @
11:30am. Call Brenda @ 957- ing about animal adaptations, skulls as utilizing plant materials for 957-0608.
0608. and bones, maps, and stories in the cordage and baskets. A presenta-
sky. Time: Aug 3-5, 9am - 2:30pm tion on edible and medicinal plants August 17 - 20: Endangered
July 30: RBG&A - Thursday & Aug 6 noon - Aug 7 9:00am. will be given as well. Time: 8am- Species - For 6-8 year olds. Learn
Garden Get-Together - Topic: Call: 621-7595. 4pm. Contact: Kirsti Krejs @ 581- about endangered animals, from
Best Roses for Utah. Leader: 4887. around the world and right here in
Roger Keddington, Utah Rose August 4 - 8: UMNH - The Utah. We will look at dioramas in
Society. Location: Classroom, Ancient Potters Craft - Spend ﬁve August 10 - 14: ONC - Nature the museum, see some living exam-
Cottam Visitor Center or, weather days at Anasazi State park learning Arts Day Camp for 10-12 year ples of endangered species, learn
permitting, the Herb Garden, traditional pottery techniques as olds - Kids will explore a variety of about the Endangered Species Act,
RBG&A 300 Wakara Way. Time: well as quarrying and processing artistic mediums such as watercol- and have lots of fun activities.
12:00 - 1:30 p.m. Phone 581-8936. clay, constructing a stone kiln, and or, sculpture, sketching, papier- Location: Museum of Natural
Bring your lunch, we’ll provide the ﬁring clay vessels. Time: 8am- mache and writing. Using the out- History. Time: 2:30-4:30pm.
beverage. 4pm. Contact: Kirsti Krejs @ 581- doors as a classroom, we will com- Contact Brenda Bell @ 957-0608.
4887. bine art and
July 30: EE Workshop with nature in a August 20: RBG&A - Thursday
Joseph Cornell - Mr.Cornell, August 6: unique and Garden Get-Together - Topic:
author of Sharing Nature with RBG&A - natural part- Late-season Perennial Flowers and
Children, is providing one-day Thursday nership. Time: Bulbs. Leader: Troy Mitchell,
workshops in Utah. The hands-on Garden Get- 9am - 2:30pm. Mitchells Nursery, SLC. Location:
workshops will help educators learn Together - Call: 621- Classroom, Cottam Visitor Center
about the environment, the Flow Topic: Tasty 7595. or, weather permitting, the Herb
Learning Process, how to teach Edible Flowers. Garden, RBG&A, 300 Wakara
about the environment and how to Leader: Jan August 11: Way. Time: 12-1:30 p.m. Phone
lead groups. Location: Diamond Hernandez, Chef Food, Land, 581-8936.
Fork Canyon. Contact USEE by e- Artist. Location: and People -
mail firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone Classroom, Elementary August 24 - 27: Arborist Training
328-1549. Cottam Visitor Workshop for Series - The Utah Community
AUGUST Center or, weath-
er permitting, the
Herb Garden, RBG&A, 300
Grades 3-6 -
This new cur-
riculum is designed to integrate
Forest Council will conduct this 20
hour series to prepare arborists for
the ISA Certiﬁed Arborist Exam
August 1: EE Workshop with Wakara Way. Time: 12-1:30 p.m. food, land, and people across the (optional exam on Aug 28).
Joseph Cornell - Mr.Cornell, Phone 581-8936. core curriculum. The tested Subjects covered - tree biology, tree
author of Sharing Nature with instructional units are comprehen- id, soil relations, water manage-
Children, is providing one-day August 6 - 8: Keepers of the sive, hands-on, and fun. Location: ment, tree nutrition and fertiliza-
workshops in Utah. The hands-on Earth Kids Camp - Discovery of SLC. Time: 10 hour workshop. tion, tree selection, installation,
workshops will help educators learn Nature activities at the USU Contact Debra Spielmaker, 435- pruning, etc. Location: DNR 1549
about the environment, the Flow Forestry Field Camp in Logan 797-1657 or e-mail: W. North Temple SLC. Time:
Learning Process, how to teach Canyon. Canoeing, wildﬂower & email@example.com. 2:30-7:30. Call Tony Dietz @ 538-
about the environment and how to bird identiﬁcation, hiking, journal- 5505.
lead groups. Location: Jordan ing, night skies, etc. based upon August 15: RBG&A - Star Party -
River between 300 S. and 1100 S., Native American themes. Designed Join us for a daytime peek at our August 29: USEE 2nd Annual
SLC. Contact USEE by e-mail for 5th-6th grades. Call Ron nearest star — the Sun. This Star Fundraiser Bash - Join USEE sup-
firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone 328- Hellstern 753-8750. Party — co-sponsored by Salt Lake porters for a fun evening of food
1549. Astronomical Society and Hansen and entertainment at the Hidden
August 8: RBG&A - Pine Needle Planetarium — will feature astro- Valley Country Club. Last years’
August 3 - 5: Leopold Education Basketry - Leaders: Ann Charatt, nomical telescopes set up for safe event was a great success and we
Project - Using Sand County basket artist & Sue Hildreth, artist. viewing of the sun, and occasional- look forward to a repeat! If you
Almanac, and other works by natu- Starting with an agave disc, dry ly the moon, planets and brighter have anything you would like to
ralist-author Aldo Leopold, teachers pine needles and other natural stars. Location: Courtyard Garden donate for auction please call Linda
and naturalists will ﬁnd methods of materials will be woven into a dec- at RBG. Time: 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 McCaffrey at USEE. Reservations
connecting people with a land stew- orative and useful small basket. p.m. Call (801) 532-STAR. are necessary and available through
ardship ethic. Materials, videos, Time: 9:00 a.m. - noon. Please call the USEE ofﬁce. Add this to your
books, room and board included at (801) 581-8454 and register by August 17 - 20: Wetland Wildlife summer calendar! We look forward
the USU Forestry Field Camp in August 3. Garden Members: - For 9-12 year olds. Learn about to seeing you there!
Logan Canyon. Call Ron Hellstern $12/Non-Members: $14 the animals that live in wetlands,
753-8750. and especially in a local wetland at
THE WEB - PAGE SEVEN
Nature Crafts to Explore at Home
by Christy Soper
The kids have only been out of school a slurry. Then cut it out just as you did with
few weeks and they’ve done all of the fun the pattern.
4. Pour the slurry into the tub and mix
stuff. They’re bored, bored, bored. They’d potato
well. 4. Place the picture face down
like to take up permanent residence on the
couch watching yet another lame sitcom on the table. Fold tab A along the
5. Push the frame into the tub with the
episode because “there’s nothing to do”. dotted lines.
screen side up.
As parent and educator, you can get them 5. Apply glue to tabs B. Not too
6. Slowly pull the screen out of the ﬁnished, the potato stamps can be com-
motivated to try some of these nature crafts much! It will make your envelope soggy.
water, keeping the screen level as you go. posted.
without spending a lot of time or money.
The directions are simple enough that most 6. Fold in tabs B and gently press down
7. Keep the screen ﬂat, allowing the
of them can be done with limited help from to make sure tabs A and B stick together. Sand Painting
excess water to drip off. You should have a
an adult. Hopefully this list will keep them fairly even layer of slurry on your screen. 7. Insert your letter in the opening, put a Here’s a great way to “paint” pictures
busy at least until mid-July! Try not to touch it, it will leave holes in small amount of glue on tab C, and seal it using objects found in nature like twigs,
your paper! shut. Now ﬁnd that postage stamp! pebbles, and sand. Remember to collect
Papermaking mostly non-living materials, and limit liv-
8. Turn the screen, paper-side-down, Recycled Sculpture ing materials to very small pieces that will
Homemade paper is fun to make! It’s a onto a ﬂat and clean piece of newspaper. Did you know that you can make a cata- not damage plants, etc.
great way to reuse paper and it makes a With a sponge, blot away any excess water pult out of a margarine tub? A robot out of
wonderful gift. Once you have mastered but do not rub the screen. egg cartons? A ﬂower vase out of a soda You need small rocks, leaves, sand,
the basic technique try adding different bottle? Making sculptures out of “trash” is ﬂower petals, and other natural materials,
“extras” like leaves, thread or ﬂowers to the 9. Carefully lift off the screen leaving white glue, an old paint brush, heavy paper
a lot of fun and it helps ﬁnd a use for things
slurry mixture. For ages 8 +. the paper. Cover the paper with a dry piece or cardboard, a small plastic cup and a
that might otherwise get thrown away!
of newspaper, and iron it at a medium-high pencil.
You need scrap paper (writing paper, and dry setting. Iron both sides until the You need glue, scissors, tape, string, and
construction paper, and tissue paper work newspaper is completely dry. any of the following items plus others you Painting Procedure:
well; newspapers or magazines don’t may ﬁnd: wood scraps, wire, packaging
work), one wooden frame approximately 10. Gently peel the paper away from the 1. Lightly sketch an image onto the
material, clean plastic containers, card-
8” x 10”, wire window screen, staples, deep newspaper. heavy paper or cardboard. Keep the
board boxes, wallpaper samples, paper,
tub or roasting pan larger than the frames, design simple without too many little
scraps of cloth, carpet or upholstery scraps,
newspaper, blender (preferably one that Homemade Envelopes details.
egg cartons, empty spools of thread, toilet
won’t be used for food afterwards), sponge,
Ever wondered what to do with that paper tubes.. 2. Pour some glue into the small plastic
household iron, and short pieces of thread,
wildlife calendar from last year or that To be a sculptor: cup along with a few drops of water to thin
dried ﬂowers or herbs (optional).
stack of magazines you have out in the the glue to the consistency of paint.
1. Using your wildest imagination and
Preparations: Papermaking can be a wet garage? Instead of throwing them away, use
whatever materials you have collected, 3. Spread glue onto areas of the design
activity, so ﬁnd an area such as an old card them to make your own envelopes. All of
CREATE AND ENJOY! that you want to be the same color, mater-
table that won’t be ruined if it gets damp. the wonderful pictures make for very inter-
esting mail. You really can send them too! ial, etc. Sprinkle sand, leaves, etc. to ﬁll in
Potato Prints areas in the design. Gradually “paint”
You need old magazines or calen- each section until all areas are complete.
You can print your own cards, posters,
dars with nice pictures, scissors,
or t-shirts using ordinary potatoes! It’s a 4. Let dry on a ﬂat surface.
glue, pen or pencil, and a large
good idea to practice on scrap paper ﬁrst.
piece of heavy paper or card-
screen sketch board. You need several large potatoes (you
To make an envelope:
1. Following the dimensions
given in the diagram above, make ﬂowers
a pattern for your envelope using
a pen or pencil and the heavy
paper or cardboard. Cut out the
pattern along the solid lines. You can mod-
Working outside is ideal also. Tear the ify the size and shape of your envelope to
scrap paper into small pieces about the size ﬁt the magazine picture you are using and
of a quarter, making sure to remove any sta- can make two stamps per potato), paint
the size of the letter you are sending.
ples. Also, you need to staple the wire win- (tempera, poster paint, fabric paint), sharp
dow screen to the wooden frame; be certain 2. Select a picture as large as the pattern knife, paint brush, and heavy paper, poster
the screen is tight and won’t sag with the from the magazines and carefully remove board or article of clothing.
weight of the wet paper. Watch out for it, trying not to tear the page. The picture
Printing with Potatoes:
sharp edges! will be on the outside of your envelope.
1. Wash and dry the potatoes thorough-
3. Trace the pattern on to the picture.
ly. Cut the potato in half cross-wise.
1. Fill tub or roasting pan half full with 2. Cut a design into the white of the
warm water. potato so that is about 1/2” high. Your
design will print as a mirror image, so
2. Fill the blender half full of warm shapes, as opposed to letters, are easiest.
water and add two handfuls of paper; add
thread, ﬂowers or herbs if used envelope 3. Paint the raised area of the stamp with
a thin, even layer of paint. Press ﬁrmly on
3. Place lid on blender and blend at
medium speed until mixture has a soup-like
sketch the printing surface.
consistency. The soupy mixture is called 4. You can rinse your potato stamp to
print with different colors. When you are
THE WEB - PAGE EIGHT
Science and Writ ing:Mut ualist ic Relat ionship
by Sandy Ferrell
Did you know that corn plants emit an ciﬁc language, close observation, and accu- Persuasive Writing: Often students are Second, take the students on a ﬁeld trip
odor when they are attacked by a certain rate concise language. faced with ethical dilemmas which require and provide then with a journal for the day.
caterpillar, which attracts a wasp, which that they sift fact from opinion, evaluate I include sections on biology, botany (we
English teachers basically group writing
feeds on that caterpillar? Pretty amazing, evidence, use inductive and deductive rea- collect and preserve two or three plants),
into four categories. They are listed below
huh? Both the corn plant and the moth ben- soning, recognize fallacies and draw con- geology, sketches and thoughts and ideas.
along with examples of ways they can be
eﬁt from this relationship which is called clusions. The students use the field journals
used in the science classroom.
mutualism. Science and writing can also be throughout the day to record their activi-
integrated in a “mutualistic” relationship, Persuasive writing lends itself to these
Narrative Writing: Someone once said, ties, what they’ve learned and how they
which beneﬁts both disciplines. There are critical thinking processes.
“When you go out into the world, there are feel about it. When they get back to the
three good reasons for integrating these two so many stories to see.” Science class- Poetry: Yes, even poetry can be used in classroom, they have a “memory” book of
subjects: rooms are ﬁlled with interesting, amazing the science classroom. Scott Fleischman’s their day. I’ve even had the students get
stories. Student’s lives in the outdoors are “Poem for Two Voices”, Mary Oliver’s other class members to “autograph” their
1. The State Core Curriculum for biolo-
ﬁlled with an understanding of the earth poetry about the earth, and many other ﬁeld journal.
gy states that students should be able to
around us. writers integrate science with vivid images
communicate effectively using science lan- I guess the most important thing is to
guage and reasoning. and poetic language.
Descriptive Writing: Science students try it out! Be ﬂexible at ﬁrst and see how
can use vivid description, sensory details, How to get started? Here are two the process of integrating science and writ-
2. Studies show that when students are
and speciﬁc information to describe events, basics! ing evolves into a mutualistic relationship
engaged in processing information which
animals, processes, concepts, and places. for you and your students.
involves their attitudes and beliefs the rate First, have students keep a journal in the
of retention goes up to100%. Writing is a Expository Writing: Students can use classroom. Ask for daily entries that.
way to process science concepts and princi- this type of writing to explain a process, describe processes, evaluate information,
ples through student value systems. It adds analyze cause and effect connections, com- and measure progress. You’ll be surprised
another dimension to their understanding to pare and contrast, analyze problems, build at how easy it is to see exactly what a stu-
the scientiﬁc process and how science ben- hypotheses, and present solutions. dent understands from his journal entry.
eﬁts our life. Research papers are typical of expository Don’t worry about spelling and punctuation
writing, but it can be expanded to be an too much at ﬁrst. Focus on content and
3. Integrating science and writing
integral part of the science classroom. then work on the mechanics later.
strengthens both subjects. Both science
and writing require attention to detail, spe-
USEE NEWS: • • • • • • continued from page 2
SOMETHING NEW AND EXCITING AT USEE
To an outsider it was a staff meeting like the millions Wi s he s t o
of others that are held every day in ofﬁces around the
world. The USEE staff was making plans to complete Lynne Olsen Marsha Kellogg T ha nk ...
projects and begin new ones, deadlines were set, and deals Dave Workman Camille Russell f or t hei r gener ous c on -
were made. Nothing really out of the ordinary, until t r i but i ons :
Executive Director Tim Brown mentioned the upcoming Daneen Adams Beverly Anderson
“Day in the Park” sponsored by KRCL. A USEE infor- Owen Hogle
Sharon Gerdes Alex Mazurkewycz
mational booth was to be staffed at the event from 11:00
am until 8:00 pm, and Tim was looking for volunteers
Wild Bird Center
Ann Spear Owen Hogle
from the ofﬁce to help out. With a small staff of four it did
Mark Muir Beverly Harding Great Salt Lake Audubon
not take long to ﬁnd out that the staff was already com-
mitted to several other projects, and the prospect of any Chierston Throckmartin
one person serving a nine-hour tour-of-duty was not very
compelling. But that left a dilemma to be resolved— How
could USEE continue to fulﬁll its mission at events such
as these, without the necessary people power to do it? The
proverbial lightbulb lit up with the idea of creating a
We hope that the Speakers Bureau will continue to grow.
If you are interested in becoming part of the Bureau, please
call the USEE ofﬁce @ 328-1549. We will provide you
“Speakers Bureau.” The Speakers Bureau would be a
group of folks who could help represent USEE at events
like the “Day in the Park,” connecting folks to the many
with the information and the training to feel comfortable
and qualiﬁed to share USEE with others. Fundraiser in
services we provide and broadening the network of sup-
port for EE. If only we could recruit enough people so
that no one would have to work for more than an hour...
Join us for an evening of dinner, entertain-
It worked! The following people deserve a very big ment and live and silent auctions August
THANK YOU for their support of USEE and helping to 29th at the Hidden Valley Country Club in
get the word out about Environmental Education in Utah.
THE WEB - PAGE NINE
by Ron Hellstern
I am a “Light-Chaser”. Special situa- Teleconverters can double the focal length loose to express oneself is what makes tions as with birds, but remember that pro-
tions ﬁnd me hiking before sunrise, or of the lens, but may require aperture photography such an individual art. Use voking them may have you scrambling for
returning after dark, to capture the extra- adjustments to compensate for changes in backlighting for dramatic highlighting, a defensive position. Use a 600mm lens
ordinary portraits nature provides in the light. A macro lens is needed for extreme special ﬁlters to enhance color or effects, instead of seeing “how close” you can
glimmerings of dawn and dusk. closeups. I use a 75-300 macro-zoom for blur images to indicate motion, frame the approach a bison.
insects and ﬂowers. shot with background scenery, include
Although much could be said about *ETTIQUETTE - Imagine watching
standard items to illustrate scale, etc. A tip
nature photography, this article will deal FILM - Slides or prints? Both have television at home when, suddenly, your
for presentations would include shooting
with some basic concepts to initiate the advantages. Slides are preferable for pre- door opens and a photographer starts click-
all your slides either vertically or horizon-
novice using a 35mm camera. As with sentations/lectures, and can always be ing away at you and your family.
tally to simplify projection. But remem-
anything, price may dictate the quality of made into prints for scrapbooks/displays. Remember that WE are the invaders when
ber, waterfalls look best in a vertical for-
your options. My choice is the Fuji Velvia at low speeds we enter the domain of wildlife. Be
mat whereas a ﬁeld of wildﬂowers may
for general outdoor use. Fuji Sensia would respectful of their space. Withstand the
CAMERA - Stay with the reliable need the expanse of the horizon.
rate second. They seem to outperform the temptations to annoy them during breed-
brands to simplify service or repairs.
other brands for color and clarity. LANDSCAPES - Use light and shad- ing/nesting seasons. Do not disturb their
(Canon, Nikon, Pentax, etc.)
ows to highlight depth and texture of daily routines, or force them to expend
Interchanging lenses are features that will ACCESSORIES - Tripod for macro and
mountains, valleys, and seascapes. energy unnecessarily by avoiding (or
greatly expand the range of your pho- telephoto shots. (Monopods are great for
Changing the depth of ﬁeld, or aperture, attacking) you! Be aware of your sur-
tographs. backpacking and regular shots, but quality
can blur backgrounds or sharpen distances roundings: don’t trample on fragile desert
will not be the same unless the camera is
A reputable dealer can assist you in to alter the scenes of the prairies. Early soils in hopes of getting one more shot of
rock steady). A variety of colored, and
selections, but make certain YOU are con- morning and twilight hours will provide that sprinting lizard, don’t litter, don’t be
special effect, filters are available to
tent with your purchase. far more interesting photos than the bright- an accomplice to stream bank
enhance hues and produce stars or multiple
ness of midday which tend to produce ﬂat, erosion.....you get the point!
LENSES - The versatility offered by images. A wise investment is a camera
one dimensional results. Mists and atmos-
variable zoom lenses makes them prefer- backpack with padded compartments. If you’re serious about this, take a note-
pheric haze will add new perspective to
able for most people over standard single book and record the data for each shot.
COMPOSITION - This element, plus ordinary scenes. Enlarging your prints,
focal lengths. For landscapes, use a wide- Then compare your notes with the result-
catching the correct light, makes the photo then cropping them may also produce a
angle lens with a short focal length (28- ing prints or slides. Make the necessary
a keeper or also-ran. There are standard more dramatic view.
80mm). For wildlife, a telephoto lens is a changes. Many photographers bracket
concepts (like the 1/3 to 2/3 ratios for sky
must (75-300mm minimum). WILDLIFE - The subject will dictate their shot by over and under exposing two
versus landscape images), but breaking
the best approach in this category. Either more shots to make certain that ONE of the
set up at a zoo, or be in the right place at pictures may be a winner.
the right time. Wandering about wastes
The scenes are out there! Carry your
time. Ask local experts regarding sight-
loaded camera with you whenever you
ings of the desired species. Make sure you
can. Enjoy, be a “Light-Chaser”!
are ready to shoot when opportunity
knocks. Wildlife rarely poses, so be eco-
california logically literate as to their habitat and
behavior. Wear clothing similar to the col-
ors of the surroundings. Avoid wearing
ad anything that will reﬂect sunlight. A hat
will shadow your face. Remove loose
change and other noise makers. Mask
human scent by avoiding deodorants, and
wearing long sleeve shirts and long
trousers. Check wind direction that may
amplify sounds and carry your scent.
A. (Plants) If intricate detail is
required, a macro lens and tripod are
essential. By setting a larger aperture
(smaller f-number) the background can be
blurred to help isolate the subject.
B. (Insects) Early morning will keep
perching butterﬂies and dragonﬂies sta-
tionary until they are warmed by the sun.
You can add to the scene by reﬂecting dim
light with a gold/silver foil screen.
C. (Birds) Use a camouﬂaged blind,
netting,or even a blanket, and be in posi-
tion around nests, feeders or watering sites.
It is rare to stumble upon a bird sunning on
Call 328-1549 today to ﬁnd
an open limb and smiling for your photo. out the rate & size that’s
Patience is critical. You may need advance
right for you!
scouting trips to locate favorite perches.
D. (Mammals) Many of the same cau-
THE WEB - PAGE TEN
The Naturalist’s Notebook
• • • • • • continued from page 1
potato. But when I anchor it with the ground line along
with some vegetation to give it scale, the image becomes
eye/pencil technique. To do this, place your pencil (or any
drawing tool) vertically at arms length, close one eye, note
the height of the image relative to the pencil, then (with one
eye still closed) rotate the pencil horizontally to determine
clear. the relative height to width ratio.
V I SUA LI ZE I NT O MEMORY EXPERI MENT A T I ON
If we see clearly we are better able to retain and implant
Experiment with many different styles of drawing in
the image in our mind. Much of the fun with nature
order to ﬁnd the tool and technique that best meets your
sketching is the experience of ﬁnding a comfortable view-
needs. You may carry with you pencils, felt tip pens, color
point and spending quality time getting to know your sub-
pencils, charcoal sticks, or crayons whose use will vary I NFORMA T I ON T O I NCLUDE I N
ject. You will learn a great deal just by seeing what you YOUR NOT EBOOK
depending on the level of detail or expression you are try-
are sketching. The process of drawing stimulates our see-
ing to achieve. You may ﬁnd one medium works well for
ing, and enhances our ability to retain visual images in our 1. Date, location (habitat, setting, environs)
documenting ﬂora and another for landscapes, you won’t
know for sure though until you try a few.
SI GHT I NG T ECHNI QUES GENERA L T I PS 2. Identiﬁable information (either graphically or writ-
Your paper consists of many invisible grids and refer- ten) What are you trying to capture? Is it a personal
• Know how much time you have and budget it wisely. record, something to share with others, or a learning
ence points. Its up to you to locate the ones that make the Practice focusing on your goal in a short amount of time. tool?
most sense. In grade school you may have created a mosa-
ic by drawing a grid on a picture then transposing the lines • Visualize your page layout before hand - know your
of each square on a larger square in the mosaic. This is boundaries. 3. Story - what brought you there, climate, thoughts
essentially what you need to do mentally when laying out and feelings, etc.
• Paper is not sacred - we can recycle our mistakes, or
a page for sketching. Be sure to give yourself enough
better yet, learn from them. As you improve it will be fun HOW T O BEGI N YOUR DRA WI NG
white space so that you don’t run out of paper before your
to look back on the progress you’ve made
1. Select the best vantage point to draw from.
• Be loose and have fun!
You can determine proportions of shapes with the one
Angela Dean is a Salt Lake City Architect specializing in 2. Scan the image shapes and lines.
environmentally responsible design.
3. Choose the tool and technique that will be the most
effective for what you want to portray.
sketch 4. Draw or visualize reference lines for proportion on
the page -seeing the ﬁnal layout note scale, distance
5. Move object or vantage point if necessary to cap-
ture ﬁne details.
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UTAH NEWS: • • • • • • continued from page 3
MOUNTAIN CREST HIGH SCHOOL WINS
1998 UTAH ENVIROTHON Library
A student team from Mountain Crest
High School won the 1998 Utah
Envirothon on May 2 at Hyrum State Park.
Michigan State University in East Lansing,
Logan High, South Cache Freshman
Center, all in Cache County; Park Valley
School in Box Elder County; Union High
The Envirothon is a natural resource
Team members Merrilyne Lundahl, Devon School in Roosevelt; and New Tyme Have you always wanted to give
competition for high school students. As a
Twedt, Christie Heers, Tyler Bingham, School in Salt Lake City.
team, students are tested on their knowl- to USEE, but you just didn’t
Mike DeGasser and Dustin Campbell will
represent Utah at the National Envirothon.
edge of the state’s natural resources ˜ soils, The Utah Envirothon is sponsored by quite know how? Donate a
The high school students, accompanied by
aquatics, forestry, wildlife and a current the Utah Association of Conservation book or money to purchase
environmental issue, this year watersheds. Districts, Campbell Scientiﬁc, Inc. and the materials for our Teacher
their team advisor and science teacher
Students visit five in-the-field stations Bridgerland Audubon Society. Resource Center! It’s a won-
Randy Stacey, will compete against
where written and hands-on problem solv-
approximately 40 other teams from around “Natural resource education programs
ing is required.
the United States and Canada at the like the Envirothon help teach our children
National Envirothon on July 27-Aug.1 at Six teams competed in the 1998 Utah that they must become informed citizens
Envirothon. They are: Mountain Crest, and take an active role in wise use of our
resource base on which we depend for all
our food and ﬁber, “ said Blacksmith Fork
Soil Conservation District Chairman
3a Gordon Zilles, whose district sponsored
the winning team.
St oryt ellin derful way to help USEE contin-
ue to provide curriculum,
• • • • • • continued from page 4 videos, background information
and much more to teachers and
Membership Info. 8. Enjoy yourself. educators throughout Utah.
Join the Utah Society for Remember, while you think you are
telling only one story, you are actually
The following are a few of the
Environmental Education! telling as many stories as there are people
listening. Trust your story. The important resources on USEE’s Wishlist:
bits will get through.
Name: Toward a Sustainable
The resources available to you are end-
Address: Agriculture:A Teachers Guide,
less. There are stories about how things
Center for Integrated Agriculture
came to be, plants and creatures of every
City/State/Zip description, the land, and the people who
inhabit it. A few sources are: your imagi-
Work Phone Home Phone “Barnyard Biodiversity,” video,
nation, what you’ve heard, the inspiration
of the moment, and story collections found and “Organic Milk,” video,
in the library (Dewey’s 398.2 is indispens- KQED-TV
able). Joseph Bruchac and Michael Caduto
Put “U” in USEE! have collaborated on several exceptional
collections of Native American folklore.
Pesticides, Lisa Young “Seeds
of Change,” video, KQED-TV
Join Today: Send your check to USEE Their books provide a rich resource, not
only in providing tales they invite you to Grasslands, Philip Steele
Please check a category below: tell, but also in awareness, sensitivity and
Utah Society for _____ .Student . . . . . . . .$5 rationale in telling them.
America’s Prairies, Staub
_____ .Individual . . . . . .$15 The environment you create while
350 South 400 East #4 telling stories will be ﬁlled with wonder. “Ecosystem Poster and Teacher
Salt Lake City, UT 84111 _____ .Family . . . . . . . .$20 Guide”, NSTA
_____ .Institution or . . .
Phone: (801) 328 • 1549 Ecosystem Management in the
Fax: (801) 595 • 1555 . . . . . . . .Organization . . . .$50
United States, Steven Yaffee, et
E-mail: email@example.com _____ .Contributing . . . .$100+ al.
Growlab: a Complete Guide to
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