The Naturalist's Notebook

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     THE WEB

The Naturalist’s
                                OF THE           U TA H S O C I E T Y            FOR       E N V I R O N M E N TA L E D U C AT I O N                        Volume 8, Number 4 •

Notebook                                                                                                                                   1A
Article and sketches by Angela Dean
   With summer here, many of us will be          lines to get you started, but encourage you
outdoors hiking, boating, picnicking, gar-       to find the techniques that suit you the best.
dening, or just hanging out. It is often diffi-
cult to look back on a season and remember
all of the sights and sounds that we’ve
                                                 REPRESENT A T I ONA L
                                                 DRA WI NG
experienced with great detail. Sketching,            Representational drawing can effective-
along with journaling, can be an effective       ly record our observations for ourselves
way to place these events in memory, and         and others to study. While the goal of rep-
also a fun way to develop talents you may        resentational drawing is to document factu-
not have known you possessed. This sum-          al information, what we know and have            describe characteristics such as smell,
mer try to take time out as you enjoy the        experienced determines our interpretation.       color, texture, place, or anything which
                                                                                                                                                  A note from the Editor:
outdoors to document some of those mem-          Therefore individual’s view of the same          helps to recall the experience later on.           School is out and we’re all adjusting to
ories.                                           scene will be unique. For educators, stu-                                                        the fun adventures of summer! For many
                                                                                                  I DENT I FYI NG SHA PES
                                                 dents artwork can reveal their understand-                                                       Web readers summer means a whole new
   Many of us who are intimidated by             ing of information the teacher is trying to         When we look out to our environment          set of circumstances with the warm weath-
drawing, state that it was not our born “tal-    convey. As the drawing emerges on paper,         we may at first see chaotic shapes and ran-      er and our wonderful little Betsy and
ent”. Yet drawing is not merely a magical        it reveals what we have seen & how we per-       domness. When we look closely, though,          Billy’s out of school for the summer. We
movement from our hands. It is a repre-          ceived it. Sometimes, though, what we            we find a succession of interconnected geo-      thought this would be a great opportunity
sentation of the way we see and understand,      know can hurt us. We may know the con-           metric organizations. Rather than try to        for anyone young at heart to explore nature
one type of self expression, such as writing     figuration of leaves on a tree at a distance,     understand an entire scene, look for recog-     through art and art through nature. We
or speech. Some other barriers people face       yet, even if we don’t actually “see” it, we      nizable shapes that make up the whole pic-      have drawn upon several local experts to
are not wanting to ‘mess up’ that perfect        may try to represent an unnecessary level        ture. It is the relationships of these shapes   prepare for us a feast through which our
white page by making a mistake, and the          of detail based on our knowledge.                that make sense to us and help us to gain an    appetites will remain satisfied at least
unknown of what the final outcome will                                                             understanding.                                  through September. I am very excited
even look like. This unknown makes                   We often use photography to document
                                                                                                     An object’s setting, as well as its rela-    about this issue and the activities I can
sketching part of the adventure and may          our experiences. While this can be quick
                                                                                                  tionships to other objects, can influence        draw from and use to nurture my own chil-
teach us more about ourselves and our sur-       and effective, drawing offers a variety of
                                                                                                  how we perceive size, shape, color, and         dren’s balance in life this summer. Enjoy
roundings.                                       unique benefits. Drawing allows us to be
                                                                                                  texture. If I draw an outline of a rock it      moving, drawing, snapping, creating, writ-
                                                 selective in our viewpoints, isolate infor-
   How you chose to utilize sketching in                                                          may be perceived as a pond, a pebble, or a      ing, and storytelling to your heart’s con-
                                                 mation from irrelevant context and focus
your outdoor experience will be an individ-                                                                                                       tent!
                                                 attention on specific features or qualities. It
ual thing. I offer some basic tips and guide-    is also useful to add notation to drawings to    continued on page 11 • • • • • • •

             Table of Contents                     Articles:
                                                                                                                                                                           NON PROFIT
                                                                                                                                                                           U.S. POSTAGE
  USEE NEWS . . . . . . . . . . 2                                                                                                                                          Salt Lake City, UT
                                                   Naturalist’s Notebook . . 1                                                                                             Permit No. 6274
  STAFF COLUMN . . . . . . . 2
                                                   Storytelling . . . . . . . . . . 4                    USEE
  UTAH NEWS . . . . . . . . . . 3                                                                   350 S 400 E #G4
                                                   Poetry for Children . . . . 5
  NATIONAL NEWS . . . . . . . 4                                                                      SLC, UT 84111
                                                   Movement . . . . . . . . . . . 5
  CALENDAR . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7               Nature Crafts . . . . . . . . 8
                                                   Science and Writing . . . 9
                                                   Outdoor Photography . . 10
                          THE WEB                         USEE NEWS:                                                            continued on page 9 • • • • • • •

                                                              AmeriCorps Members Finish Service                                                          Jordan River
                                                             How time flies. It seems only yesterday that Christy showed up to work and was
 The            Utah             Society           for    promptly assigned to organize a Community Night Out on the River Event. “When?” she
 Environmental Education is a                             asked. “Oh, next week” and thus was thrown into the fire.                                           This has been a great year for the
 nonprofit organization which                                                                                                                            Jordan River Stewardship Project.
 provides environmental edu-                                 About a month later Laura appeared, just in time for USEE’s annual conference. This         Schools and Communities alike have
 cation support to e d u c a t o r s,                     time, with the benefit of experience, we were able to warn her about being thrown into the
 natural                                 resource                                                                                                        made great strides in learning more
                                                          fire. Before the words had time to sink in she was responsible for exhibits, food and vol-
 i n t e r e s t s , e n v i r o n m e n t a l o r g a-                                                                                                  about the river and addressing environ-
 n i z a t i o n s , a n d b u s i n e s s and            unteers. “When’s the conference?” Laura asked. “Ah, that would be next week.”
                                                                                                                                                         mental issues in their area. A great
 i n d u s t r y.                                                                                                                                        round of applause should be issued to
                                                             And so it goes here at USEE, where there is always much to do and a fire is always
  U S E E ’s mission is to develop                        blazing somewhere on the horizon. Christy and Laura provided USEE with much needed             all of those who put forth the time and
  p u b l i c a w a r e n e s s and knowl-                help. Not only did they put in their time, more than eighty hours per week, they also          energy to make so many projects suc-
  edge about the environment and                          became part of a team providing insight and ideas that will have lasting impacts on the        cessful!
  to provide the public with the
  skills n e e d e d t o m a k e i n f o r m e d          organization. Ultimately, Christy and Laura made USEE a better organization and we will
                                                          miss them.                                                                                        The list of accomplishments is long,
  d e c i s i o n s , to s o l v e p r o b l e m s
  and to take responsible actions.                                                                                                                       but here are a few examples:
                                                             But not too much. Christy is staying on as USEE’s Summer Intern and then as a part-
 The Web is p u b l i s h e d six                         time employee next year if a couple of grants are funded. And although Laura is leaving            Edison Elementary Extended-Day
 t i m e s a y e a r f o r m e m b e r s by               the nest, we know where she lives and will be calling her on short notice for help at least    students planted native Utah plants,
 the         Utah          Society        for                                                                                                            and built nesting boxes and bird feed-
 Environmental                Education,                  monthly.
 350 South 400 East #G4,                                                                                                                                 ers in their efforts to make their school-
 S L C , U T , 8 4 1 1 1 . We d i s -                                                                                                                    yard more inviting to wildlife.
 t i b u t e 2000 c o p i e s for our
 readers and many schools                                        The 1 7 0 0 hour ex per i ence                                                             High School Students from
 share this publication among                                                                                                                            Horizonte Instruction and Training
 educators. Bulk mail permit                                                                                                                             Center conducted         Home Energy
 number 6274. Membership
 i n f o r m a t i o n c a n be f o u n d on
                                                          Laura’s view                                                   Christy’s view                  Audits and installed energy-saving
 page 12.                                                    My experience at USEE has been quite           Although my tenure at USEE is not            devices in the homes of low-income
                                                          enjoyable and my first opportunity to work      over, the first phase as an Americorps mem-      and elderly residents in their communi-
                                                          for a non-profit organization. The main         ber and School Outreach Coordinator are         ty. This project will serve as a model
                                                          project for my position was the Jordan         coming to an end. It’s funny to think back      for a larger,valley-wide program in the
                                                          River Stewardship Project. This experi-        on some of the things that have happened        future.
          Executive Director                                                                             along the way, and it’s great to count the
                  Tim Brown                               ence allowed me to work with schools and                                                          Six communities have celebrated a
                                                          communities along the Jordan River. At         ways I’ve grown by being in this position.
                                                                                                                                                         morning or evening out on the river
        Program Coordinator                               first I was a little concerned with how I           In the big picture, I have a much greater   since October, and many more are
                Michelle Kirk                             would be welcomed by the communities,          understanding         of      Environmental     planned for the future.
                                                          considering that I was brand new to Utah.      Education, particularly in Utah. I’ve had a
             Summer Intern                                But that concern vanished once I meet and      glimpse of where it started and now I can          Fifth grade students at Jackson
                 Christy Soper                            started working with some great, dedicat-      see many of the possibilities for the future.   Elementary have planted trees and
                                                          ed people from the communities along the       It’s exciting and rewarding to work toward      shrubs, removed weeds and trash, and
           Newsletter Editor                              river. Some of the things I learned from       many of these possibilities.                    made trail improvement along their
                 Julie DeLong                             this project are the history of the Jordan                                                     adopted section of the Jordan River.
                                                                                                            On another level, it’s fantastic to work
                                                          River and what makes it what it is today,
                                                                                                         for an organization that is growing and            Newman and Backman Elementary
           Layout & Design                                how people look at and feel about the
                                                                                                         moving in so many positive directions. It’s     Schools’ third graders created field
                 Angela Dean                              river, and what projects are being done by
                                                                                                         very encouraging to work with folks that        guides and led nature walks along their
                                                          those who want to do something about this
                                                                                                         are dedicated to making the most of educa-      section of the River.
                                                          resource that flows through their backyard.     tion. I’m happy that these same folks have
                                                                                                         become such great friends too. Thanks              One community, along with USEE
                                                             I also had the chance to do outreach
    USEE Board of Directors:                                                                             guys!                                           and several agencies, has created the
                                                          with schools along the Jordan River and
                                                                                                                                                         Riverside Neighborhood Garden at
                                                          schools throughout the valley. The out-            In working on the Jordan River
 Carolyn Goodwin Schubach, President, SLC                                                                                                                500-700 South and the Jordan River.
                                                          reach gave me the opportunity to help          Stewardship Project, I’ve also had the
   Alex Mazurkewycz, Secretary, Sandy                     teachers incorporate Environmental             opportunity to meet many different kinds of         Riley Elementary Fifth and sixth
                                                          Education into their classrooms, to learn      educators. The classroom teachers that each     graders designed their “ideal” commu-
        Bill Walpole, Treasurer, SLC
                                                          from the students about their concerns and     have their own method conveying informa-        nities — communities that conserve
   Linda McCaffrey, Member At Large,                      knowledge of the environment, and to edu-      tion and caring for their students, the par-    natural resources, minimize pollution
               Holladay                                   cate the students about these concerns so      ents who work hard to share their ideas         and waste, and include components of
                                                          that they have a better understanding.         about the world to their children, and the      the Salt Lake community that students
 Leslie Scopes, Member At Large, Sandy
                                                          Aside from all of these things that I’ve       student who always reward me with their         enjoy.
   Brad Mertz, Member At Large, Provo                     learned I also had the chance to put togeth-   own unique twist on why things are — they
                                                          er my first newsletter, “The Parkway           all have so much to share. In as much as I         The successes of these projects
  Tony Magann, Member At Large, SLC                       News,” I organized USEE’s big Earth Day        have been an educator, I have also had the      demonstrate the power of local citi-
                                                          event, developed my public speaking            opportunity to be a student.                    zens, young and old. We hope that
                                                          skills, increased my computer knowledge,                                                       they inspire you to become active in
                                                                                                            My experience at USEE has definitely          your community.
THE WEB IS PRINTED WITH                                   and had the opportunity to do bulk mail.       been a learning one, and I look forward to
   SOY-BASED INK ON                                                                                      the new adventures that lie ahead.

UTAH NEWS:                                                           continued on page 12 • • • • • • •

  S P E CI A L E VE N T                                                                                                         EPA announces recipients of
                     Joseph Cor nel l r et ur ns                                                                                1998-99 Environmental
          t o conduct educat or w or kshops                                                                                     Education Grants
     Legendary educator Joseph Cornell returns to Utah to lead 2 one day workshops July 30 and August 1. Mr.
                                                                                                                                    Hats off to four Utah groups that received grants from
  Cornell, author of Sharing Nature with Children, is recognized throughout the world as one of the premiere outdoor
                                                                                                                                EPA’s Environmental Education Grant Program. Ron
  educators. On July 30, a one day workshop will be held in Diamond Fork Canyon, Uinta National Forest (30 min-
                                                                                                                                Hellstern and the Cache School District received a $5000
  utes south of Provo) and on August 1 a one day workshop will be held along the Jordan River between 300 South
                                                                                                                                grant for the Leopold Education Project (LEP). The LEP
  and 1100 South. Diamond Fork Canyon is the site for a new Youth Forest, an area being set aside for youth to inves-
                                                                                                                                is an innovative, interdisciplinary conservation ethics cur-
  tigate, study and take part in the day-to-day management of a working national forest.
                                                                                                                                riculum targeted for grades 6-12. The LEP increases stu-
     The hands-on workshops will help educators learn about the environment, the Flow Learning Process, how to                  dent awareness of the land, and informs them of how to
  teach about the environment and how to lead groups. Discussions will help people learn how to apply activities to             make responsible choices for our planet, while simultane-
  their teaching circumstances.                                                                                                 ously teaching important social, collaborative and critical
                                                                                                                                thinking skills. The LEP is unique in that it uses a classic
     The workshops are for people who teach others about the environment. Parents, high school students, teachers               environmental literary work, Aldo Leopold’s A Sand
  and youth group leaders are invited. Each workshop will cost $40 for USEE members and $45 for non-members.                    County Almanac to reach students with a conservation
  Participants will need to bring their own lunches. Registration is limited. For more information contact USEE at              ethics message that strives to instill an appreciation for the or 801-328-1549.                                                                                               land community. A Facilitator Training Workshop will be
                                                                                                                                held in Logan Canyon August 3-5, see the Calendar for
                                                                                                                                more information (pages 8 & 9).
                                                                                                                                   USEE received a $25,000 grant to create a volunteer
         Project L.A.B. A.L.I.V.E. to offer summer workshops                                                                    two-person team of environmental education (EE) experts
                                                                                                                                in each of Utah’s 40 school districts. Members of each
   Project L.A.B. A.L.I.V.E. (Learning About Balance            Information,               Nature’s                   Gifts.    team will receive EE information and materials to improve
while Actively Learning In Various Environments) is             Art/Painting/Sketching/Sculpturing and Dance.                   their knowledge and understanding of EE. They will also
offering a series of summer workshops beginning in early                                                                        be encouraged to attend trainings, workshops and confer-
                                                                   The focus of L.A.B. A.L.I.V.E. is to educate the youth of
June and continuing through September. Workshops                                                                                ences. Ultimately these teams will become known as local
                                                                Utah by creating real life opportunities while learning how
include:          Pathway         Planning,        Plant                                                                        EE experts and teachers in school districts throughout the
                                                                to make responsible choices in balancing human actions
Identification/Selection/Site Design, Star Gazing, Green                                                                         state will seek their help when it comes to incorporating
                                                                with nature.
Grow - Solution to Pollution, Photography, Drum Talk/en-                                                                        EE into the school curriculum. If you are interested in
Chant-ment, Literature/Creative Writing/Poetry/Journal            For more information contact Bob Yerzy at 801-944-            serving as a team member, contact USEE at
Writing, Drama/Music, Soil/Water Testing for Base               2953.                                                  or 801-328-1549.
                                                                                                                                   Congratulations are also in order for Dugway
                                                                                                                                Elementary and Utah Forestry, Fire, and State Lands.
                                                                                                                                Dugway Elementary received a grant for a project to grow
      Visit Sundance Farms                                                                                                      and maintain a Great Basin Desert habitat garden area at
       Interested in organic farming? Intrigued by drip irrigation? You can learn about both of these farming tech-             their school and Utah Forestry, Fire, and State Lands
    niques by visiting Sundance Farms in Charleston, Utah. Individuals can use a self-guided brochure to browse the             received a $5000 grant to support Project Learning Tree,
    farms, while groups can be guided for a small fee and with advanced notice.                                                 an interdisciplinary environmental education program
                                                                                                                                which provides workshops and activity guides.
       To learn more about Sundance Farms, contact or call 435-654-2721.

                                              Job Opening
    The Utah Population and Environment Coalition is a             The individual will be required to furnish their own         Need to get rid of household
recently organized effort with the following mission: To        transportation and phone, have access to a computer in
raise awareness of the consequences for the quality of life     order to compile data bases and should have an email            hazardous waste?
and the environment resulting from current rates of popu-       address for communication purposes. Other attributes that
lation growth and consumption of resources.                     would be helpful are fund raising skills and ability to coor-
                                                                dinate a web-site. The wage will be $16 per hour for 15            Salt Lake County will collect hazardous household
   The coalition is hiring a Coordinator to assist with its                                                                     waste August 15 from 9:00 am - Noon at the Sandy City
                                                                hours per month for at least one year along with expanding
activities. The following will be the job responsibilities of                                                                   Public Works Department, 8775 South 700 West.
                                                                the job requirements and hours worked.
this individual:                                                                                                                Residents may bring paint, fuel, persticides, chemicals,
1. Work with coalition members to help further the mis-                                                                         oils, antifreeze and batteries for disposal at no charge. If
sion of the coalition.                                             If you are interested in this position, please send          you can’t wait until August, the county has a drop off
2. Provide information to the public and news media             resumes to: Wayne Martinson, Utah Population and                location at the Salt Lake Valley Solid Waste Facility, 6030
regarding forums and other activities.                          Environment Coalition, 549 Cortez St., SLC, UT 84103 by         W. 1300 S., opened Mon. -Sat. from 8:00 am-4:00 pm.
3. To speak in front of a wide array of audiences regard-       July 15, 1998.
ing population and resource issues.
4. Compile computer data bases for mailing labels and
mailing materials to coalition participants.

                                                                                                                                                              THE WEB - PAGE THREE
National EE Act under fire from
Far-right Call In Campaign                                                                         NAAEE’s 27th Annual
    In the last issue of The Web, USEE          Inhofe (R-Oklahoma). A number of far-
included information on the important
reauthorization      of     the    National
                                                right organizations have posted an action
                                                alert to get their members to call into
                                                                                                   From the Inside OUT
Environmental Education Act coming up           Senator Inhofe’s office opposing this legis-
in Congress this year (March 1998). In the      lation. They are getting calls opposing the
interim, USEE staff received information        legislation, with no calls for it. The time is        The urban setting is the emphasis of the North American Association for
that may affect environmental education         now to show Congress the tremendous sup-           Environmental Education’s (NAAEE) 27th Annual conference September 4-8 in
around the country and especially here in       port which is out there for environmental          Atlanta, Georgia. The conference is designed to provide participants many oppor-
Utah. A conservative Washington DC              education. We need people to call or write         tunities to explore the interdependence between human and natural ecosystems.
think tank has targeted the National EE Act     in, advocating the introduction of the             Education and networking opportunities will be unparalleled. Keynote speakers
as legislation that must be stopped.            National Environmental Education Act.              will discuss Grassroots Challenges for Environmental Strategies in Urban
Despite strong bi-partisan support and          Please act now by contacting your local            Settings, Reforming Education in Our Cities, and Eco-Education in Urban
sponsorship of the Act, this group has          legislators. The National EE Act has been          Communities. The conference will also offer a variety of workshops, field trips,
decided the Act must go. We are just days       directly responsible for support of so many        symposia, hands-on sessions, presentations, interact discussions and poster ses-
from introduction of the National               quality environmental education projects in        sions. For more information check out NAAEE’s web site at, or
Environmental Education Act in the              Utah and is essential for its future.              contact Janet Thoreen at or 937-676-2514.
Senate. As you are aware, the legislation
in the Senate will be introduced by Senator

St oryt elling                                                        : Paint ing environment s
    Using storytelling in environmental education is logi-      Each one of us brings our own experience to it.                     3. Recreate with words an environment you know.
cal and natural. It is in interpreting our world that stories                                                                   Include your feelings about this              p l a c e .
                                                                   Learning to tell a story takes a little time. A few warm
are born. Stories provide hooks for learning and avenues                                                                        Make your description so rich that it seems tangible. Use
                                                                ups you might enjoy are:
for solid understanding. They provide a landscape for                                                                           all of your senses.
communication. The imagination is a powerful tool.                 1. Tell family stories to your children. They want to hear
Stories give us an opportunity to exercise it. Our envi-                                                                           For instance, there is something incomparable for me
ronment sculpts our stories and language carries the sto-                                                                       in noticing springtime mountain air mingling lilacs in
ries we learn. Storyteller and author, Jane Yolen, looked          2. Pretend to be an object in your home. Tell its story      bloom with cedar smoke in the evening.
at a bathtub ring and a child’s lack of interest in bathing     from its own perspective.
                                                                                                                                   When you are comfortable creating images with
and coined the phrase “kid tea” in her story, No Bath               Anthropomorphize shamelessly.                               words from your heart, choose a story you love. You will
Tonight. Her delightful image lets imagination soar.                                                                            not memorize it; you will learn it by heart. There is a dif-

                                                                                                                                   1. Read it several times, imagining it as if it were on
                                                                                                                                a theater screen. See the images as they unfold.

                                                                                                                                  2. Decide which few scenes are most elemental to
                                                                                                                                your story.

                                                                                                                                   3. Consider transitions.

                                                                                                                                   4.Paint with words the pictures you see in your mind.

                                                                                                                                   5. Tell it, tell it, tell it loud! Your learning style will
                                                                                                                                dictate whether you sing it, draw it, or dance while
                                                                                                                                you’re learning it. The shower is a good practice hall.

                                                                                                                                   6. Find your moment, and tell it to living, listening
                                                                                                                                ears. My experience is that people            who hear
                                                                                                                                stories regularly are better listeners and have a stronger
                                                                                                                                command of language.

                                        NAAEE AD                                                                                    7. If you forget something germane to your story sim-
                                                                                                                                ply summon your wisest voice, let your eyes reflect the
                                                                                                                                great secret you are about to share, and say, “And did I
                                                                                                                                tell you...?”

                                                                                                                                continued on page 12 • • • • • • • • • • • • •
 Teaching Children to Write                                                                                                        M AR K Y OUR
                                                                                                                                   CA LE ND ARS !

   Children are natural poets. As parents, we all have
examples of delicious little ways our children express
                                                                  the latest creation over the phone. A parent returning from
                                                                  work can be greeted with a few fun lines from the poetry
                                                                                                                                 USEES ANNUAL
themselves. Children’s creative use of language delights
and amuses us. The trick is to nurture this natural gift and
                                                                  book.                                                            EDUCATOR
to preserve it beyond the “let’s call grandma and tell her
what she/he said” stage.
                                                                     Step five: enjoy. The writings in your child’s poetry
                                                                  notebook will be a treasure to be cherished this summer and
                                                                  the summers to follow. Have fun!
   From birth to age eight children are developing commu-
nication skills at an amazing rate. Sometime between the
second and third grade they start developing the ability to                                                                     UTAH’S ENVIRON-
grasp abstract concepts. One way this is done is by com-
paring and contrasting things they know about with things                                                                        MENT 2000 AND
they are learning about. The cue to this is the number of
questions that begin “will it be like ∑” or “is it different                                                                       BEYOND
(bigger, colder, scarier, longer, etc.) than ∑”. These kinds
of questions are a good sign that the poetic/creative part of
the mind is up and ready to go. So, with a little bit of help
from a parent, the process begins.                                begin MOVEMENT ARTICLE
   Step one: the place. The first thing is to ignite the child’s
interest in this project. Ask them to select a place to be des-
ignated as their very own. It can be outside in the garden or
on the porch, a corner of the kitchen table, a sunny spot by
a window, etc. Hopefully, it won’t be the only bathroom in
the house or a spot already claimed by the family pit bull.
   This is a special place for your child to write, think, and
observe the world surrounding her/him. Under a tree is a
great place, as there are so many things to see, such as;
leaves, birds, insects, blossoms, shade, etc. However, each
place has it’s own attributes. The important thing is that the
child chooses the place as their own.
   Step two: the kit. A small duffel, shoe box, tote bag, or
backpack should do the job. Inside, a small notebook with
your child’s name, two ballpoint pens, a set of markers, or
crayons completes the kit. You can use pencils, but erasing
and sharpening are distracting. Tell the young poet that
writers often cross out words and rewrite them. It’s part of
the process. Also to keep it fun, forget rhyming. It’s a giant
obstacle to the creative flow in children. And this is one
time not to worry about spelling. You don’t want to inter-
rupt the spontaneous energy of your child’s thoughts.
   Step three: the poem. With children, the most difficult
part of writing is deciding what to write about. Ask, “What
shall we write about today?”
   One way to start is with a two-word beginning that puts
the child in the poem. Begin each line with the same two
words. It gives the poem unity and structure while provid-
ing a canvas for the child’s thoughts. Some suggestions are:
I wish, I dream, I think, I hope, I wonder, Where does,
What if, My cat, My house, My teacher, My brother, etc.
   I wish my house were big as the sky
   I wish my sister would give me her skates
   I wish that I could drive the car
   I wish that I could fly
   That’s what I wish on Tuesday
   Another thing to remember is that children are happier
pretending to be a bird, than they are describing one. So,
instead of writing “a robin is like∑.” Begin the poem, “I am
a robin ∑”
   Step four: encouragement. Once the poem is finished,
encourage your young poet to call grandparents and read

                                                                                                                                          THE WEB - PAGE FIVE
Calendar submissions can be made                         Garden Get-Together - Topic:           Day Camp for 7-9 year olds -            nomical telescopes set up for safe
a n y t i m e u n t i l t h e 1 0 t h of the             Water Wisely. Leader: Wes              Kids will explore a variety of artis-   viewing of the sun, and occasional-
m o n t h p r i o r to p u b l i c a t i o n . We
invite environmental education                           Groesbeck, Environmental               tic mediums such as watercolor,         ly the moon, planets and brighter
submissions that are of interest to                      Resources, Inc., SLC. Location:        sculpture, sketching, papier-mache      stars. Location: Garden Courtyard
your fellow educators and/or their                       Classroom, Cottam Visitor Center       and writing. Using the outdoors as      at RBG. Time: 11:00 a.m. - 1:00
a u d i e n c e s , will h a p p e n w i t h i n the
next six m o n t h s , and are open to                   or, weather permitting, the Herb       a classroom, we will combine art        p.m. Call (801) 532-STAR.
persons outside of your own or ga-                       Garden, RBG&A 300 Wakara Way.          and nature in a unique and natural
n i z a t i o n . I n c l u d e the e v e n t na m e ,   Time: 12:00 - 1:30 p.m. Phone          partnership. Time: 9am - 2:30pm.        July 20 - 22: Utah Birds of Prey
location, description, cost, or gani-
z a t i o n , c o n t a c t p e r s o n , and phone      581-8936. Bring your lunch, we’ll      Call: 621-7595.                         & Songbird Workshop - Lab and
n u m b e r.                                             provide the beverage.                                                          field trips to help learn how to iden-
                                                                                                July 13 - 17: WSU’s Introduction        tify various Utah birds by sight and
                                                         July 9 - 11: TSS Teacher               to Utah’s Mountain and Desert           sound, mist netting, trapping &
    Key to Common EE Groups                              Workshops & Adult Programs -           Plants - An inservice workshop for      banding, etc. Then apply this
         listed in Calendar                              Instructors: Steve Archibald, April    4 - 12th grade teachers. You’ll see     knowledge to set up monitoring
                                                         Landale, Nancy Shea. The Young         how the flora changes as we pass         feeders at home or school. Leaders:
 RBG&A - Red Butte Garden and                            Naturalist’s Journal - Connecting      through different life zones and find    Steve Hoffman of HawkWatch
 Arboretuem                                              student writing and drawing with       and identify many of Utah’s plants.     International and Ron Hellstern for
 ONC - Ogden Nature Center                               the natural world. Call Judy at TSS    You’ll learn the art of preserving      Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Call
 UMNH - Utah Museum of                                   (307)733-4765.                         plants and how to use a “key” to        Ron Hellstern 753-8750.
 Natural History                                                                                identify them, plus much more.
 GSLA - Great Salt Lake Audubon                          July 10 - 12: Advanced Project         Location: Snow College’s Great          July 21 - August 7: TSS Teacher
 FOGSL - Friends of the Great                            WILD Wetlands Workshop -               Basin EE Center. Call 435-283-          Workshops & Adult Programs -
 Salt Lake                                               Become a wetlands                      7261 or e-mail                          Instructors: Steve Archibald, April
 TSS - Teton Science School                              biologist for a weekend as we col- or call            Landale, Nancy Shea. Following
                                                         lect data and learn about these        Richard Vineyard @ WSU 801-             the Scientific Trail of Lewis &
 UNSS -Utah Nature Study Society
                                                         amazing natural features.              626-6160.                               Clark - 1998 Special
                                                         Participants will receive a copy of                                            Program/Second Annual

              JULY                                       the “Wonders of Wetlands” curricu-
                                                         lum, and will discover many amaz-
                                                         ing teaching strategies for incorpo-
                                                                                                July 14 - 17: UMNH -
                                                                                                Conservation Genetics - Join the
                                                                                                Natural History of Genes program
                                                                                                                                        Expedition; 2 1/2 weeks as an
                                                                                                                                        expedition member! Fee $2195 -
                                                                                                                                        Includes instruction, transportation,
July - August 22: Sundance Kids                          rating wetland education into their    and the FOGSL for a field experi-        motels, camping fees and meals,
Camp - Come spend time this sum-                         curriculum. Location: Fish Springs     ence in conservation genetics which     and texts. Call Judy at TSS
mer on a bug safari, be an artist,                       National Wildlife Refuge. Time:        focuses on the need for diversity in    (307)733-4765.
hike to a waterfall, be in a play,                       TBA. Contact: Project WILD @           a healthy environment. Two days
hunt for treasure, learn about                           538-4719.                              are spent on Antelope Island and        July 23 - 25: Keepers of the
nature, hear the legends of                                                                     Farmington Bay Waterfowl refuge         Earth Kids Camp - Discovery of
Timpanogos and much more, all in                         July 11: GSLA - 61st Annual            and two days are spent analyzing        Nature activities at the USU
the great outdoors. Sundance will                        Brighton Bird Count. Meet at the       samples at the UMNH. Time: 9am-         Forestry Field Camp in Logan
be offering 1 day, 3 day and 6 day                       Sugarhouse Garden Center at            4pm. Contact: Kirsti Krejs @ 581-       Canyon. Canoeing, wildflower &
camps for youth ages 6-11. For                           8:00am. For more information           4887.                                   bird identification, hiking, journal-
more information call Sundance at                        about this event or other GSLA                                                 ing, night skies, etc. based upon
801-223-4140.                                            events call 263-1399.                  July 18: Celebrate Art at The           Native American themes. Designed
                                                                                                Children’s Museum of Utah -             for 5th-6th grades. Call Ron
July 1, 8, 15, & 22: RBG&A -                             July 13 - 16: That Darn Coyote! -      Help make a giant gumball mural,        Hellstern 753-8750.
Herb Gardens for Beginners -                             Join naturalist Brenda Bell for        meet real artists, make things to
This class covers the history of                         another round of Native American       take home. Location: 840 N. 300         July 27 - 30: All About Animals!
herbs, culinary, decorative and                          Stories about Old Man Coyote, the      W. SLC. Time: 1-5pm. Call: 328-         - Join Naturalist Brenda Bell, from
medicinal uses, soaps, dyes, cos-                        Trickster, followed by a craft or      3383. Museum Summer Exhibits -          Decker Lake and Wildlife
metics, and potpourris.                                  activity. For younger audiences.       May 30 to Sept 13 - Dinostories -       Programs, at the Children’s
Wednesdays, 6:00 p.m - 8:00 p.m.                         Time: 10-11am. Call Kearns             games, dinosaur nest, puzzles, fossil   Museum to learn about a variety of
Members: $40/Non-Members: $45.                           Community School @ 964-7512.           dig. July - Bubble Exhibit - Make       animals. Each day we will focus on
Phone 581-8936.                                                                                 giant bubbles, stand inside a bub -     a different group, looking at mam-
                                                         July 13 - 17: TSS Teacher              ble, make a bubble wall. August -       mals, birds, reptiles and amphib-
July 6 - 10: ONC Summer Camp                             Workshops & Adult Programs -           Size Wise - A new exhibit on the        ians. We will learn about where
- Nature Quest - Day Camp w/                             Instructors: Steve Archibald, April    large and small of things.              they come from, how they live,
Sleep Out for 10-12 year olds -                          Landale, Nancy Shea. New                                                       what kind of habitat they call home,
Science Sampler - Animal adapta-                         Beginnings: Teacher Renewal                                                    what they eat, and about their life
tions, skulls & bones, maps,& sto-                       Retreat - Time out to get inspired,    July 18: RBG&A - Star Party -           histories. For grades 1-3. Time: 1-
ries in the sky will be the topics.                      renewed and rejuvenated for next       Join us for a daytime peek at our       3pm. Call Brenda @ 957-0608.
July 6-8, 9am-2:30pm & July 9                            year! Call Judy at TSS (307)733-       nearest star — the Sun. This Star
noon-July 10, 9am.Call: 621-7595.                        4765.                                  Party — co-sponsored by Salt Lake       July 27 - 30: Nature Drawing -
July 9: RBG&A - Thursday                                                                        Astronomical Society and Hansen         Join Naturalist Brenda Bell, to learn
                                                         July 13 - 17: ONC - Nature Arts        Planetarium — will feature astro-       about sketching animals and
wildlife. We will sketch mounted                                               August 10 - 12: UNHM -                  Decker Lake. We will look at
animals and live animals. Students     August 3 - 7: ONC - Nature Trek         Ethnobotany of the Escalante -          slides, museum dioramas, and have
need to bring a sketch pad, sketch-    II - Day Camp with Sleep Out for        This workshop at Anasazi State          several activities to learn about
ing pencils, and a kneadable eraser    7-9 year olds - Science Sampler -       Park provides participants with the     wetland wildlife. Location:
to every class. Location: Museum       Campers will be immersed in 3 1/2       experience of assembling a small        Museum of Natural History. Time:
of Natural History. Time: 9:30 -       days and one night of active learn-     but valuable plant collection as well   12-2pm. Contact Brenda Bell @
11:30am. Call Brenda @ 957-            ing about animal adaptations, skulls    as utilizing plant materials for        957-0608.
0608.                                  and bones, maps, and stories in the     cordage and baskets. A presenta-
                                       sky. Time: Aug 3-5, 9am - 2:30pm        tion on edible and medicinal plants     August 17 - 20: Endangered
July 30: RBG&A - Thursday              & Aug 6 noon - Aug 7 9:00am.            will be given as well. Time: 8am-       Species - For 6-8 year olds. Learn
Garden Get-Together - Topic:           Call: 621-7595.                         4pm. Contact: Kirsti Krejs @ 581-       about endangered animals, from
Best Roses for Utah. Leader:                                                   4887.                                   around the world and right here in
Roger Keddington, Utah Rose            August 4 - 8: UMNH - The                                                        Utah. We will look at dioramas in
Society. Location: Classroom,          Ancient Potters Craft - Spend five       August 10 - 14: ONC - Nature            the museum, see some living exam-
Cottam Visitor Center or, weather      days at Anasazi State park learning     Arts Day Camp for 10-12 year            ples of endangered species, learn
permitting, the Herb Garden,           traditional pottery techniques as       olds - Kids will explore a variety of   about the Endangered Species Act,
RBG&A 300 Wakara Way. Time:            well as quarrying and processing        artistic mediums such as watercol-      and have lots of fun activities.
12:00 - 1:30 p.m. Phone 581-8936.      clay, constructing a stone kiln, and    or, sculpture, sketching, papier-       Location: Museum of Natural
Bring your lunch, we’ll provide the    firing clay vessels. Time: 8am-          mache and writing. Using the out-       History. Time: 2:30-4:30pm.
beverage.                              4pm. Contact: Kirsti Krejs @ 581-       doors as a classroom, we will com-      Contact Brenda Bell @ 957-0608.
                                       4887.                                                         bine art and
July 30: EE Workshop with                                                                            nature in a       August 20: RBG&A - Thursday
Joseph Cornell - Mr.Cornell,           August 6:                                                     unique and        Garden Get-Together - Topic:
author of Sharing Nature with          RBG&A -                                                       natural part-     Late-season Perennial Flowers and
Children, is providing one-day         Thursday                                                      nership. Time:    Bulbs. Leader: Troy Mitchell,
workshops in Utah. The hands-on        Garden Get-                                                   9am - 2:30pm.     Mitchells Nursery, SLC. Location:
workshops will help educators learn    Together -                                                    Call: 621-        Classroom, Cottam Visitor Center
about the environment, the Flow        Topic: Tasty                                                  7595.             or, weather permitting, the Herb
Learning Process, how to teach         Edible Flowers.                                                                 Garden, RBG&A, 300 Wakara
about the environment and how to       Leader: Jan                                                   August 11:        Way. Time: 12-1:30 p.m. Phone
lead groups. Location: Diamond         Hernandez, Chef                                               Food, Land,       581-8936.
Fork Canyon. Contact USEE by e-        Artist. Location:                                             and People -
mail or by phone        Classroom,                                                    Elementary        August 24 - 27: Arborist Training
328-1549.                              Cottam Visitor                                                Workshop for      Series - The Utah Community

  AUGUST                               Center or, weath-
                                       er permitting, the
                                       Herb Garden, RBG&A, 300
                                                                                                     Grades 3-6 -
                                                                                                    This new cur-
                                                                               riculum is designed to integrate
                                                                                                                       Forest Council will conduct this 20
                                                                                                                       hour series to prepare arborists for
                                                                                                                       the ISA Certified Arborist Exam
August 1: EE Workshop with             Wakara Way. Time: 12-1:30 p.m.          food, land, and people across the       (optional exam on Aug 28).
Joseph Cornell - Mr.Cornell,           Phone 581-8936.                         core curriculum. The tested             Subjects covered - tree biology, tree
author of Sharing Nature with                                                  instructional units are comprehen-      id, soil relations, water manage-
Children, is providing one-day         August 6 - 8: Keepers of the            sive, hands-on, and fun. Location:      ment, tree nutrition and fertiliza-
workshops in Utah. The hands-on        Earth Kids Camp - Discovery of          SLC. Time: 10 hour workshop.            tion, tree selection, installation,
workshops will help educators learn    Nature activities at the USU            Contact Debra Spielmaker, 435-          pruning, etc. Location: DNR 1549
about the environment, the Flow        Forestry Field Camp in Logan            797-1657 or e-mail:                     W. North Temple SLC. Time:
Learning Process, how to teach         Canyon. Canoeing, wildflower &                      2:30-7:30. Call Tony Dietz @ 538-
about the environment and how to       bird identification, hiking, journal-                                            5505.
lead groups. Location: Jordan          ing, night skies, etc. based upon       August 15: RBG&A - Star Party -
River between 300 S. and 1100 S.,      Native American themes. Designed        Join us for a daytime peek at our       August 29: USEE 2nd Annual
SLC. Contact USEE by e-mail            for 5th-6th grades. Call Ron            nearest star — the Sun. This Star       Fundraiser Bash - Join USEE sup- or by phone 328-        Hellstern 753-8750.                     Party — co-sponsored by Salt Lake       porters for a fun evening of food
1549.                                                                          Astronomical Society and Hansen         and entertainment at the Hidden
                                       August 8: RBG&A - Pine Needle           Planetarium — will feature astro-       Valley Country Club. Last years’
August 3 - 5: Leopold Education        Basketry - Leaders: Ann Charatt,        nomical telescopes set up for safe      event was a great success and we
Project - Using Sand County            basket artist & Sue Hildreth, artist.   viewing of the sun, and occasional-     look forward to a repeat! If you
Almanac, and other works by natu-      Starting with an agave disc, dry        ly the moon, planets and brighter       have anything you would like to
ralist-author Aldo Leopold, teachers   pine needles and other natural          stars. Location: Courtyard Garden       donate for auction please call Linda
and naturalists will find methods of    materials will be woven into a dec-     at RBG. Time: 11:00 a.m. - 1:00         McCaffrey at USEE. Reservations
connecting people with a land stew-    orative and useful small basket.        p.m. Call (801) 532-STAR.               are necessary and available through
ardship ethic. Materials, videos,      Time: 9:00 a.m. - noon. Please call                                             the USEE office. Add this to your
books, room and board included at      (801) 581-8454 and register by          August 17 - 20: Wetland Wildlife        summer calendar! We look forward
the USU Forestry Field Camp in         August 3. Garden Members:               - For 9-12 year olds. Learn about       to seeing you there!
Logan Canyon. Call Ron Hellstern       $12/Non-Members: $14                    the animals that live in wetlands,
753-8750.                                                                      and especially in a local wetland at
                                                                                                                                  THE WEB - PAGE SEVEN
Nature Crafts to Explore at Home
by Christy Soper
   The kids have only been out of school a      slurry.                                           Then cut it out just as you did with
few weeks and they’ve done all of the fun                                                         the pattern.
                                                  4. Pour the slurry into the tub and mix
stuff. They’re bored, bored, bored. They’d                                                                                                                       potato
                                                well.                                                4. Place the picture face down
like to take up permanent residence on the
couch watching yet another lame sitcom                                                            on the table. Fold tab A along the
                                                   5. Push the frame into the tub with the
episode because “there’s nothing to do”.                                                          dotted lines.
                                                screen side up.
As parent and educator, you can get them                                                            5. Apply glue to tabs B. Not too
                                                  6. Slowly pull the screen out of the                                                             finished, the potato stamps can be com-
motivated to try some of these nature crafts                                                      much! It will make your envelope soggy.
                                                water, keeping the screen level as you go.                                                         posted.
without spending a lot of time or money.
The directions are simple enough that most                                                           6. Fold in tabs B and gently press down
                                                   7. Keep the screen flat, allowing the
of them can be done with limited help from                                                        to make sure tabs A and B stick together.        Sand Painting
                                                excess water to drip off. You should have a
an adult. Hopefully this list will keep them    fairly even layer of slurry on your screen.          7. Insert your letter in the opening, put a      Here’s a great way to “paint” pictures
busy at least until mid-July!                   Try not to touch it, it will leave holes in       small amount of glue on tab C, and seal it       using objects found in nature like twigs,
                                                your paper!                                       shut. Now find that postage stamp!                pebbles, and sand. Remember to collect
Papermaking                                                                                                                                        mostly non-living materials, and limit liv-
                                                    8. Turn the screen, paper-side-down,          Recycled Sculpture                               ing materials to very small pieces that will
   Homemade paper is fun to make! It’s a        onto a flat and clean piece of newspaper.             Did you know that you can make a cata-        not damage plants, etc.
great way to reuse paper and it makes a         With a sponge, blot away any excess water         pult out of a margarine tub? A robot out of
wonderful gift. Once you have mastered          but do not rub the screen.                        egg cartons? A flower vase out of a soda             You need small rocks, leaves, sand,
the basic technique try adding different                                                          bottle? Making sculptures out of “trash” is      flower petals, and other natural materials,
“extras” like leaves, thread or flowers to the      9. Carefully lift off the screen leaving                                                        white glue, an old paint brush, heavy paper
                                                                                                  a lot of fun and it helps find a use for things
slurry mixture. For ages 8 +.                   the paper. Cover the paper with a dry piece                                                        or cardboard, a small plastic cup and a
                                                                                                  that might otherwise get thrown away!
                                                of newspaper, and iron it at a medium-high                                                         pencil.
   You need scrap paper (writing paper,         and dry setting. Iron both sides until the           You need glue, scissors, tape, string, and
construction paper, and tissue paper work       newspaper is completely dry.                      any of the following items plus others you       Painting Procedure:
well; newspapers or magazines don’t                                                               may find: wood scraps, wire, packaging
work), one wooden frame approximately             10. Gently peel the paper away from the                                                             1. Lightly sketch an image onto the
                                                                                                  material, clean plastic containers, card-
8” x 10”, wire window screen, staples, deep     newspaper.                                                                                         heavy paper or cardboard. Keep the
                                                                                                  board boxes, wallpaper samples, paper,
tub or roasting pan larger than the frames,                                                                                                        design simple without too many little
                                                                                                  scraps of cloth, carpet or upholstery scraps,
newspaper, blender (preferably one that         Homemade Envelopes                                                                                 details.
                                                                                                  egg cartons, empty spools of thread, toilet
won’t be used for food afterwards), sponge,
                                                   Ever wondered what to do with that             paper tubes..                                       2. Pour some glue into the small plastic
household iron, and short pieces of thread,
                                                wildlife calendar from last year or that          To be a sculptor:                                cup along with a few drops of water to thin
dried flowers or herbs (optional).
                                                stack of magazines you have out in the                                                             the glue to the consistency of paint.
                                                                                                    1. Using your wildest imagination and
   Preparations: Papermaking can be a wet       garage? Instead of throwing them away, use
                                                                                                  whatever materials you have collected,               3. Spread glue onto areas of the design
activity, so find an area such as an old card    them to make your own envelopes. All of
                                                                                                  CREATE AND ENJOY!                                that you want to be the same color, mater-
table that won’t be ruined if it gets damp.     the wonderful pictures make for very inter-
                                                esting mail. You really can send them too!                                                         ial, etc. Sprinkle sand, leaves, etc. to fill in
                                                                                                  Potato Prints                                    areas in the design. Gradually “paint”
                                                          You need old magazines or calen-                                                         each section until all areas are complete.
                                                                                                     You can print your own cards, posters,
                                                          dars with nice pictures, scissors,
                                                                                                  or t-shirts using ordinary potatoes! It’s a          4. Let dry on a flat surface.
                                                          glue, pen or pencil, and a large
                                                                                                  good idea to practice on scrap paper first.
                                                          piece of heavy paper or card-
         screen sketch                                    board.                                     You need several large potatoes (you

                                                          To make an envelope:
                                                           1. Following the dimensions
                                                           given in the diagram above, make                                                   flowers
                                                           a pattern for your envelope using
                                                           a pen or pencil and the heavy
                                                           paper or cardboard. Cut out the
                                                pattern along the solid lines. You can mod-
Working outside is ideal also. Tear the         ify the size and shape of your envelope to
scrap paper into small pieces about the size    fit the magazine picture you are using and
of a quarter, making sure to remove any sta-                                                      can make two stamps per potato), paint
                                                the size of the letter you are sending.
ples. Also, you need to staple the wire win-                                                      (tempera, poster paint, fabric paint), sharp
dow screen to the wooden frame; be certain          2. Select a picture as large as the pattern   knife, paint brush, and heavy paper, poster
the screen is tight and won’t sag with the      from the magazines and carefully remove           board or article of clothing.
weight of the wet paper. Watch out for          it, trying not to tear the page. The picture
                                                                                                     Printing with Potatoes:
sharp edges!                                    will be on the outside of your envelope.
                                                                                                     1. Wash and dry the potatoes thorough-
                                                   3. Trace the pattern on to the picture.
                                                                                                  ly. Cut the potato in half cross-wise.
  1. Fill tub or roasting pan half full with                                                         2. Cut a design into the white of the
warm water.                                                                                       potato so that is about 1/2” high. Your
                                                                                                  design will print as a mirror image, so
   2. Fill the blender half full of warm                                                          shapes, as opposed to letters, are easiest.
water and add two handfuls of paper; add
thread, flowers or herbs if used                           envelope                                   3. Paint the raised area of the stamp with
                                                                                                  a thin, even layer of paint. Press firmly on
   3. Place lid on blender and blend at
medium speed until mixture has a soup-like
                                                           sketch                                 the printing surface.

consistency. The soupy mixture is called                                                             4. You can rinse your potato stamp to
                                                                                                  print with different colors. When you are
Science and Writ ing:Mut ualist ic Relat ionship
by Sandy Ferrell
    Did you know that corn plants emit an       cific language, close observation, and accu-         Persuasive Writing: Often students are           Second, take the students on a field trip
odor when they are attacked by a certain        rate concise language.                           faced with ethical dilemmas which require        and provide then with a journal for the day.
caterpillar, which attracts a wasp, which                                                        that they sift fact from opinion, evaluate       I include sections on biology, botany (we
                                                   English teachers basically group writing
feeds on that caterpillar? Pretty amazing,                                                       evidence, use inductive and deductive rea-       collect and preserve two or three plants),
                                                into four categories. They are listed below
huh? Both the corn plant and the moth ben-                                                       soning, recognize fallacies and draw con-        geology, sketches and thoughts and ideas.
                                                along with examples of ways they can be
efit from this relationship which is called                                                       clusions.                                        The students use the field journals
                                                used in the science classroom.
mutualism. Science and writing can also be                                                                                                        throughout the day to record their activi-
integrated in a “mutualistic” relationship,                                                          Persuasive writing lends itself to these
                                                   Narrative Writing: Someone once said,                                                          ties, what they’ve learned and how they
which benefits both disciplines. There are                                                        critical thinking processes.
                                                “When you go out into the world, there are                                                        feel about it. When they get back to the
three good reasons for integrating these two    so many stories to see.” Science class-             Poetry: Yes, even poetry can be used in       classroom, they have a “memory” book of
subjects:                                       rooms are filled with interesting, amazing        the science classroom. Scott Fleischman’s        their day. I’ve even had the students get
                                                stories. Student’s lives in the outdoors are     “Poem for Two Voices”, Mary Oliver’s             other class members to “autograph” their
  1. The State Core Curriculum for biolo-
                                                filled with an understanding of the earth         poetry about the earth, and many other           field journal.
gy states that students should be able to
                                                around us.                                       writers integrate science with vivid images
communicate effectively using science lan-                                                                                                           I guess the most important thing is to
guage and reasoning.                                                                             and poetic language.
                                                   Descriptive Writing: Science students                                                          try it out! Be flexible at first and see how
                                                can use vivid description, sensory details,         How to get started?       Here are two        the process of integrating science and writ-
   2. Studies show that when students are
                                                and specific information to describe events,      basics!                                          ing evolves into a mutualistic relationship
engaged in processing information which
                                                animals, processes, concepts, and places.                                                         for you and your students.
involves their attitudes and beliefs the rate                                                       First, have students keep a journal in the
of retention goes up to100%. Writing is a          Expository Writing: Students can use          classroom. Ask for daily entries that.
way to process science concepts and princi-     this type of writing to explain a process,       describe processes, evaluate information,
ples through student value systems. It adds     analyze cause and effect connections, com-       and measure progress. You’ll be surprised
another dimension to their understanding to     pare and contrast, analyze problems, build       at how easy it is to see exactly what a stu-
the scientific process and how science ben-      hypotheses, and present solutions.               dent understands from his journal entry.
efits our life.                                  Research papers are typical of expository        Don’t worry about spelling and punctuation
                                                writing, but it can be expanded to be an         too much at first. Focus on content and
   3. Integrating science and writing
                                                integral part of the science classroom.          then work on the mechanics later.
strengthens both subjects. Both science
and writing require attention to detail, spe-

USEE NEWS:                                                             • • • • • • continued from page 2

      SOMETHING NEW AND EXCITING AT                                                                                                                 USEE
     To an outsider it was a staff meeting like the millions                                                                                     Wi s he s t o
 of others that are held every day in offices around the
 world. The USEE staff was making plans to complete                 Lynne Olsen                       Marsha Kellogg                              T ha nk ...
 projects and begin new ones, deadlines were set, and deals         Dave Workman                      Camille Russell                        f or t hei r gener ous c on -
 were made. Nothing really out of the ordinary, until                                                                                                t r i but i ons :
 Executive Director Tim Brown mentioned the upcoming                Daneen Adams                      Beverly Anderson
 “Day in the Park” sponsored by KRCL. A USEE infor-                                                                                                   Owen Hogle
                                                                    Sharon Gerdes              Alex Mazurkewycz
 mational booth was to be staffed at the event from 11:00
 am until 8:00 pm, and Tim was looking for volunteers
                                                                                                                                                     Wild Bird Center
                                                                    Ann Spear                         Owen Hogle
 from the office to help out. With a small staff of four it did
                                                                    Mark Muir                         Beverly Harding                            Great Salt Lake Audubon
 not take long to find out that the staff was already com-
 mitted to several other projects, and the prospect of any          Chierston Throckmartin
 one person serving a nine-hour tour-of-duty was not very
 compelling. But that left a dilemma to be resolved— How
 could USEE continue to fulfill its mission at events such
 as these, without the necessary people power to do it? The
 proverbial lightbulb lit up with the idea of creating a
                                                                     We hope that the Speakers Bureau will continue to grow.
                                                                 If you are interested in becoming part of the Bureau, please
                                                                 call the USEE office @ 328-1549. We will provide you
 “Speakers Bureau.” The Speakers Bureau would be a
 group of folks who could help represent USEE at events
 like the “Day in the Park,” connecting folks to the many
                                                                 with the information and the training to feel comfortable
                                                                 and qualified to share USEE with others.                                Fundraiser in
 services we provide and broadening the network of sup-
 port for EE. If only we could recruit enough people so
 that no one would have to work for more than an hour...
                                                                                                                                      Join us for an evening of dinner, entertain-
    It worked! The following people deserve a very big                                                                                ment and live and silent auctions August
 THANK YOU for their support of USEE and helping to                                                                                   29th at the Hidden Valley Country Club in
 get the word out about Environmental Education in Utah.

                                                                                                                                                                 THE WEB - PAGE NINE
   by Ron Hellstern

     I am a “Light-Chaser”. Special situa-    Teleconverters can double the focal length     loose to express oneself is what makes           tions as with birds, but remember that pro-
tions find me hiking before sunrise, or        of the lens, but may require aperture          photography such an individual art. Use          voking them may have you scrambling for
returning after dark, to capture the extra-   adjustments to compensate for changes in       backlighting for dramatic highlighting,          a defensive position. Use a 600mm lens
ordinary portraits nature provides in the     light. A macro lens is needed for extreme      special filters to enhance color or effects,      instead of seeing “how close” you can
glimmerings of dawn and dusk.                 closeups. I use a 75-300 macro-zoom for        blur images to indicate motion, frame the        approach a bison.
                                              insects and flowers.                            shot with background scenery, include
      Although much could be said about                                                                                                          *ETTIQUETTE - Imagine watching
                                                                                             standard items to illustrate scale, etc. A tip
nature photography, this article will deal       FILM - Slides or prints? Both have                                                           television at home when, suddenly, your
                                                                                             for presentations would include shooting
with some basic concepts to initiate the      advantages. Slides are preferable for pre-                                                      door opens and a photographer starts click-
                                                                                             all your slides either vertically or horizon-
novice using a 35mm camera. As with           sentations/lectures, and can always be                                                          ing away at you and your family.
                                                                                             tally to simplify projection. But remem-
anything, price may dictate the quality of    made into prints for scrapbooks/displays.                                                       Remember that WE are the invaders when
                                                                                             ber, waterfalls look best in a vertical for-
your options.                                 My choice is the Fuji Velvia at low speeds                                                      we enter the domain of wildlife. Be
                                                                                             mat whereas a field of wildflowers may
                                              for general outdoor use. Fuji Sensia would                                                      respectful of their space. Withstand the
   CAMERA - Stay with the reliable                                                           need the expanse of the horizon.
                                              rate second. They seem to outperform the                                                        temptations to annoy them during breed-
brands to simplify service or repairs.
                                              other brands for color and clarity.               LANDSCAPES - Use light and shad-              ing/nesting seasons. Do not disturb their
(Canon,     Nikon,       Pentax,      etc.)
                                                                                             ows to highlight depth and texture of            daily routines, or force them to expend
Interchanging lenses are features that will      ACCESSORIES - Tripod for macro and
                                                                                             mountains, valleys, and seascapes.               energy unnecessarily by avoiding (or
greatly expand the range of your pho-         telephoto shots. (Monopods are great for
                                                                                             Changing the depth of field, or aperture,         attacking) you! Be aware of your sur-
tographs.                                     backpacking and regular shots, but quality
                                                                                             can blur backgrounds or sharpen distances        roundings: don’t trample on fragile desert
                                              will not be the same unless the camera is
   A reputable dealer can assist you in                                                      to alter the scenes of the prairies. Early       soils in hopes of getting one more shot of
                                              rock steady). A variety of colored, and
selections, but make certain YOU are con-                                                    morning and twilight hours will provide          that sprinting lizard, don’t litter, don’t be
                                              special effect, filters are available to
tent with your purchase.                                                                     far more interesting photos than the bright-     an accomplice to stream bank
                                              enhance hues and produce stars or multiple
                                                                                             ness of midday which tend to produce flat, get the point!
   LENSES - The versatility offered by        images. A wise investment is a camera
                                                                                             one dimensional results. Mists and atmos-
variable zoom lenses makes them prefer-       backpack with padded compartments.                                                                 If you’re serious about this, take a note-
                                                                                             pheric haze will add new perspective to
able for most people over standard single                                                                                                     book and record the data for each shot.
                                                 COMPOSITION - This element, plus            ordinary scenes. Enlarging your prints,
focal lengths. For landscapes, use a wide-                                                                                                    Then compare your notes with the result-
                                              catching the correct light, makes the photo    then cropping them may also produce a
angle lens with a short focal length (28-                                                                                                     ing prints or slides. Make the necessary
                                              a keeper or also-ran. There are standard       more dramatic view.
80mm). For wildlife, a telephoto lens is a                                                                                                    changes. Many photographers bracket
                                              concepts (like the 1/3 to 2/3 ratios for sky
must        (75-300mm          minimum).                                                        WILDLIFE - The subject will dictate           their shot by over and under exposing two
                                              versus landscape images), but breaking
                                                                                             the best approach in this category. Either       more shots to make certain that ONE of the
                                                                                             set up at a zoo, or be in the right place at     pictures may be a winner.
                                                                                             the right time. Wandering about wastes
                                                                                                                                                   The scenes are out there! Carry your
                                                                                             time. Ask local experts regarding sight-
                                                                                                                                              loaded camera with you whenever you
                                                                                             ings of the desired species. Make sure you
                                                                                                                                              can. Enjoy, be a “Light-Chaser”!
                                                                                             are ready to shoot when opportunity
                                                                                             knocks. Wildlife rarely poses, so be eco-

                            california                                                       logically literate as to their habitat and
                                                                                             behavior. Wear clothing similar to the col-
                                                                                             ors of the surroundings. Avoid wearing

                                ad                                                           anything that will reflect sunlight. A hat
                                                                                             will shadow your face. Remove loose
                                                                                             change and other noise makers. Mask
                                                                                             human scent by avoiding deodorants, and
                                                                                             wearing long sleeve shirts and long
                                                                                             trousers. Check wind direction that may
                                                                                             amplify sounds and carry your scent.
                                                                                                A. (Plants)      If intricate detail is
                                                                                             required, a macro lens and tripod are
                                                                                             essential. By setting a larger aperture
                                                                                             (smaller f-number) the background can be
                                                                                             blurred to help isolate the subject.
                                                                                                B. (Insects) Early morning will keep
                                                                                             perching butterflies and dragonflies sta-
                                                                                                                                                    Advertise in
                                                                                             tionary until they are warmed by the sun.
                                                                                             You can add to the scene by reflecting dim
                                                                                             light with a gold/silver foil screen.
                                                                                                                                                        The Web
                                                                                                 C. (Birds) Use a camouflaged blind,
                                                                                             netting,or even a blanket, and be in posi-
                                                                                             tion around nests, feeders or watering sites.
                                                                                             It is rare to stumble upon a bird sunning on
                                                                                                                                               Call 328-1549 today to find
                                                                                             an open limb and smiling for your photo.           out the rate & size that’s
                                                                                             Patience is critical. You may need advance
                                                                                                                                                      right for you!
                                                                                             scouting trips to locate favorite perches.
                                                                                                D. (Mammals) Many of the same cau-
The Naturalist’s Notebook
                 • • • • • • continued from page 1
potato. But when I anchor it with the ground line along
with some vegetation to give it scale, the image becomes
                                                                eye/pencil technique. To do this, place your pencil (or any
                                                                drawing tool) vertically at arms length, close one eye, note
                                                                the height of the image relative to the pencil, then (with one
                                                                eye still closed) rotate the pencil horizontally to determine
clear.                                                          the relative height to width ratio.
V I SUA LI ZE I NT O MEMORY                                     EXPERI MENT A T I ON
   If we see clearly we are better able to retain and implant
                                                                   Experiment with many different styles of drawing in
the image in our mind. Much of the fun with nature
                                                                order to find the tool and technique that best meets your
sketching is the experience of finding a comfortable view-
                                                                needs. You may carry with you pencils, felt tip pens, color
point and spending quality time getting to know your sub-
                                                                pencils, charcoal sticks, or crayons whose use will vary         I NFORMA T I ON T O I NCLUDE I N
ject. You will learn a great deal just by seeing what you                                                                        YOUR NOT EBOOK
                                                                depending on the level of detail or expression you are try-
are sketching. The process of drawing stimulates our see-
                                                                ing to achieve. You may find one medium works well for
ing, and enhances our ability to retain visual images in our                                                                     1. Date, location (habitat, setting, environs)
                                                                documenting flora and another for landscapes, you won’t
                                                                know for sure though until you try a few.
SI GHT I NG T ECHNI QUES                                        GENERA L T I PS                                                  2. Identifiable information (either graphically or writ-
   Your paper consists of many invisible grids and refer-                                                                        ten) What are you trying to capture? Is it a personal
                                                                   • Know how much time you have and budget it wisely.           record, something to share with others, or a learning
ence points. Its up to you to locate the ones that make the     Practice focusing on your goal in a short amount of time.        tool?
most sense. In grade school you may have created a mosa-
ic by drawing a grid on a picture then transposing the lines      • Visualize your page layout before hand - know your
of each square on a larger square in the mosaic. This is        boundaries.                                                      3. Story - what brought you there, climate, thoughts
essentially what you need to do mentally when laying out                                                                         and feelings, etc.
                                                                    • Paper is not sacred - we can recycle our mistakes, or
a page for sketching. Be sure to give yourself enough
                                                                better yet, learn from them. As you improve it will be fun       HOW T O BEGI N YOUR DRA WI NG
white space so that you don’t run out of paper before your
                                                                to look back on the progress you’ve made
                                                                                                                                 1. Select the best vantage point to draw from.
                                                                   • Be loose and have fun!
   You can determine proportions of shapes with the one
                                                                   Angela Dean is a Salt Lake City Architect specializing in     2. Scan the image shapes and lines.
                                                                environmentally responsible design.
                                                                                                                                 3. Choose the tool and technique that will be the most
                                                                                                                                 effective for what you want to portray.

                sketch                                                                                                           4. Draw or visualize reference lines for proportion on
                                                                                                                                 the page -seeing the final layout note scale, distance

                                                                                                                                 5. Move object or vantage point if necessary to cap-
                                                                                                                                 ture fine details.


                                                                                                                                                           THE WEB - PAGE ELEVEN
UTAH NEWS:                                                            • • • • • • continued from page 3
                       1998 UTAH ENVIROTHON                                                                                                       Library
   A student team from Mountain Crest
High School won the 1998 Utah
Envirothon on May 2 at Hyrum State Park.
                                             Michigan State University in East Lansing,
                                                                                              Logan High, South Cache Freshman
                                                                                              Center, all in Cache County; Park Valley
                                                                                              School in Box Elder County; Union High
                                                                                                                                                  ‘grow ’
                                                The Envirothon is a natural resource
Team members Merrilyne Lundahl, Devon                                                         School in Roosevelt; and New Tyme              Have you always wanted to give
                                             competition for high school students. As a
Twedt, Christie Heers, Tyler Bingham,                                                         School in Salt Lake City.
                                             team, students are tested on their knowl-                                                       to USEE, but you just didn’t
Mike DeGasser and Dustin Campbell will
represent Utah at the National Envirothon.
                                             edge of the state’s natural resources ˜ soils,      The Utah Envirothon is sponsored by         quite know how? Donate a
The high school students, accompanied by
                                             aquatics, forestry, wildlife and a current       the Utah Association of Conservation           book or money to purchase
                                             environmental issue, this year watersheds.       Districts, Campbell Scientific, Inc. and the    materials for our Teacher
their team advisor and science teacher
                                             Students visit five in-the-field stations        Bridgerland Audubon Society.                   Resource Center! It’s a won-
Randy Stacey, will compete against
                                             where written and hands-on problem solv-
approximately 40 other teams from around                                                         “Natural resource education programs
                                             ing is required.
the United States and Canada at the                                                           like the Envirothon help teach our children
National Envirothon on July 27-Aug.1 at        Six teams competed in the 1998 Utah            that they must become informed citizens
                                             Envirothon. They are: Mountain Crest,            and take an active role in wise use of our
                                                                                              resource base on which we depend for all
                                                                                              our food and fiber, “ said Blacksmith Fork
                                                                                              Soil Conservation District Chairman
                                        3a                                                    Gordon Zilles, whose district sponsored
                                                                                              the winning team.

                     envirothon photo

                                                                                              St oryt ellin                                  derful way to help USEE contin-
                                                                                                                                             ue to provide curriculum,
                                                                                              • • • • • • continued from page 4              videos, background information
                                                                                                                                             and much more to teachers and
          Membership Info.                                                                       8. Enjoy yourself.                          educators throughout Utah.
                                                                                                                                             Donate now!
         Join the Utah Society for                                                                Remember, while you think you are
                                                                                              telling only one story, you are actually
                                                                                                                                             The following are a few of the
           Environmental Education!                                                           telling as many stories as there are people
                                                                                              listening. Trust your story. The important     resources on USEE’s Wishlist:
                                                                                              bits will get through.
  Name:                                                                                                                                      Toward a Sustainable
                                                                                                  The resources available to you are end-
  Address:                                                                                                                                   Agriculture:A Teachers Guide,
                                                                                              less. There are stories about how things
                                                                                                                                             Center for Integrated Agriculture
                                                                                              came to be, plants and creatures of every
  City/State/Zip                                                                              description, the land, and the people who
                                                                                              inhabit it. A few sources are: your imagi-
  Work Phone                        Home Phone                                                                                               “Barnyard Biodiversity,” video,
                                                                                              nation, what you’ve heard, the inspiration
                                                                                              of the moment, and story collections found     and “Organic Milk,” video,
                                                                                              in the library (Dewey’s 398.2 is indispens-    KQED-TV
                                                                                              able). Joseph Bruchac and Michael Caduto
                 Put “U” in USEE!                                                             have collaborated on several exceptional
                                                                                              collections of Native American folklore.
                                                                                                                                             Pesticides, Lisa Young “Seeds
                                                                                                                                             of Change,” video, KQED-TV
                  Join Today:           Send your check to USEE                               Their books provide a rich resource, not
                                                                                              only in providing tales they invite you to     Grasslands, Philip Steele
                                             Please check a category below:                   tell, but also in awareness, sensitivity and
   Utah Society for                          _____       .Student . . . . . . . .$5           rationale in telling them.
                                                                                                                                             America’s Prairies, Staub
   Environmental Education
                                             _____       .Individual . . . . . .$15               The environment you create while
   350 South 400 East #4                                                                      telling stories will be filled with wonder.     “Ecosystem Poster and Teacher
   Salt Lake City, UT 84111                  _____      .Family . . . . . . . .$20                                                           Guide”, NSTA
                                             _____ .Institution or . . .
   Phone: (801) 328 • 1549                                                                                                                   Ecosystem Management in the
   Fax: (801) 595 • 1555                     . . . . . . . .Organization . . . .$50
                                                                                                                                             United States, Steven Yaffee, et
   E-mail:                    _____       .Contributing . . . .$100+                                                          al.

                                                                                                                                             Growlab: a Complete Guide to

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