A Look at Athenian culture in
(Who wants a word wall for that one?)
• The Parthenon: was a
temple built in honor
• It was built on what is
known as the
Acropolis which sits
above the City of
Athens. This is a view of the Acropolis from streets
Of Athens below it.
• The Parthenon, when
it was first built, was
237 ft long, 110 ft
wide, and 60 ft high.
Its columns were
constructed with very
elaborate detail for
the time. The Parthenon was
Constructed with 8 of
These columns on the
Front & Back and had 17
On each side
These Pediments were sculpted
And then painted. They had stories
Of Athena’s Birth on them.
The builders create a slanted
Roof for the Acropolis that created
A triangle between the roof and the
Columns supporting it. This was
Called a Pediment.
• It cost the Athenians over 12 million
Drachmas (Greek $) to build it.
• That was fours more than the Annual
Budget of Athens for the time.
• It has lasted over 2500 years since it was
• Within the Parthenon
was a large statue of
the Greek Goddess
• People would come
and make offerings
such as food and
money to Athena by
laying them at the feet
of the statue.
• The was a huge marketplace that
consisted of many buildings.
• People would shop there and could buy
anything from Food to Jewelry within the
many shops there.
• This marketplace led to the Greeks
creating their own system of money.
• How would this help Greek Trade?
This is the Temple
Of Hephaestus. This
Was were craftsmen would give
offerings to their god.
There are the
Ruins of the
• The Greeks had a well established legal
• With the invention of Greek writing,
standardized laws spread throughout
• Why is this?
-Because Writing would make sure laws
were the same any where Athens ruled.
The Pynx a set of steps
With a stage in front.
This was at the Foot of the Acropolis.
Would be held here.
The Greek Government
The Council of 500
(Proposed Laws and voted on important
Ideas from Citizen’s Assembly would then
Be given to the Council of 500.
(Was open to all adult males. They
Would have debates on things that
Were needed in Athens)
How does this compare to our Government?
• There were no Lawyers in Ancient Athens.
Each adult male argued their case in front
of a jury of between 201-2500 adult males.
- Juries would then case a vote of guilty or
not guilty by using coins that signified
- Fines, Exile, and Death were possible
punishments for crimes.