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					         Violence and Preventing Violence

In this unit you will Review or be introduced to key

terms concerning violence as well as identify the

different types of violence

Violence = doing harm to someone else, something else
            or one’s self usually on purpose
           There are 3 main types of violence:
            PHYSICAL, VERBAL, EMOTIONAL
            Some people also include Sexual
            as a 4th separate type of violence
        PHYSICAL VIOLENCE


Harm to a person’s body, their own body or

  property.

Examples: Hitting, kicking, pushing, biting,

  spitting, etc... As well as

Graffiti, breaking stuff, drugs
       VERBAL VIOLENCE


Harm caused by words….could be intentional

  or not.

Examples include cursing, yelling at, rumors,

  gossip, making up stories, name calling, etc
       EMOTIONAL VIOLENCE


Emotional violence can be physical or verbal

 acts of violence that cause dep hurt to a

 person’s feelings or long term effect to a

 person’s personality




Examples include bullying, spreading rumors
        SEXUAL VIOLENCE


Physicalm verbal or emotional violence but

 specifically of a sexual nature

Examples are sexual harassment, assault or

 rape
       Violence in Society
Violence is a major public health problem in
the United States.
        Teens and Violence

The majority of teens are not violent and do not
commit crimes.

Nevertheless, about one-fourth of all violent
crime in the United States is committed by
people under the age of 18.

Violent crimes often lead to deliberate injury—
injury that results when a person intentionally
harms another.
         Teens and Violence
Teens are also more than twice as likely as
people age 25 and older to be victims of
violence.



    Violent
    Victimization      12–15 16–1920–24 25–3434–4950–64 65+
    Rates by Age,




 Murder is 2nd leading cause of death to people ages 15-24
         in cities with larger than 1 million people
Causes of and where people learn Violence from



People who commit violent acts may not have learned how to
cope with feelings such as anger in healthful ways.

Many people learn violence from their home life, video games,
movies, television, music and the community in which they live.

Other factors that contribute to violence in the community
include Access to Weapons, Peer pressure, Alcohol and other
drugs, Lack of understanding towards peaceful solutions,
prejudice which leads o discrimination and hate crimes and lack
of understanding of others such as religion or culture
         Gangs vs groups…”dying” to fit in

A gang is a group of people who associate
with one another to take part in criminal
activity where as a group does not take part in
criminal activity.

Many teens join gangs and groups because of
peer pressure. They may also join gangs to:
     Overcome their loneliness, boredom, or isolation.
     Gain respect, power, and friends.
     Get protection.
     Be with people of their own racial or ethnic group.
To stay clear of gangs:
   Select groups of friends who are supportive of your
    goals in life and who do not take part in illegal activity
   Use refusal skills to avoid getting involved with gangs.
   Don’t hang out with gang members. You might get
    blamed for what they do or gradually be drawn into the
    group.
   Resist all pressure to do anything illegal.
   Apply strategies for avoiding weapons.
   Join peaceful youth groups at the neighborhood rec,
    church, etc.

If gang members threaten you, stay calm and don’t
overreact. Even if you are afraid, try not to show fear.
  Protecting Yourself

To protect yourself from violence:
   Try to walk in groups
   Do not look like an easy target – Stand up straight, and
    walk with a confident stride.
   Do not use alcohol or other drugs – These substances
    reduce your ability to protect yourself.
   If someone bothers you, make direct eye contact, and say
    ―Leave me alone‖ in a firm voice.
   If you are in physical danger, shout ―Fire!‖ to get other
    people’s attention. If someone attacks you, get away in
    any way that you can.
   If someone demands your money, jewelry or wallet, throw
    it away from you. Then run in the opposite direction.
   Never carry all your money and your wallet together
   Keep in contact with others
   Avoid un-safe situations
Safety on the Street

At night, walk in lighted areas,   If you think that someone is
and avoid dark alleyways. Avoid    following you, go into a
walking alone if possible.         store or other public place.




Do not hitchhike or            Have your keys ready when
accept rides from              you reach your front door so
strangers.                     that you do not have to fumble
                               for them.
Safety at Home
         Do not tell unknown callers that
         you are home alone or give out
         any personal information over
         the phone.




At home, keep doors and windows
locked. Do not open the door for
someone you do not know.
        Stopping Violence in Schools

Below are some ways of stopping violence in
schools:

  Conflict-resolution programs help teens to understand
   alternatives to violence and teach them to act
   responsibly in social situations.
  Peer mediation helps students to work out problems.
  Dress codes can help to play down the economic
   differences among students and make it harder for
   gang members to wear special identifiers.
  Metal detectors, security cameras, and guards can help
   keep weapons out of schools.
  Stop and Think…before you react…take time to cool
   down then try to work it out
What to Do if Someone Wants to Fight or hurt you?
Steps to self defense:

     If you see signs of trouble, do the
     following:
          Exercise self-control.
          Do something unexpected to divert the other
           person’s attention.
          Use humor.
          Give the other person a way out.
          Try to understand what the other person
           thinks, feels, or needs.

     Do not:
          Let the other person force you to fight.
          Let your emotions throw you off balance.
          Try to even the score.
          Tease or be hostile, threatening, insulting,
           rude, or sarcastic.
What to Do if Someone Wants to Fight or hurt you?
Steps to self defense:


   1) Be aware of surroundings

  2) Try to avoid dangerous situations

  3) Make an effort to prevent a situation from
  turning violent

  4) If you have to, defend yourself with
  physical fighting but be careful not to overdue
  it

  5) Follow up with a person in charge or police

				
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posted:9/3/2011
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